Playground equipment and surfacing - Part 5: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for carousels

This Standard specifies additional safety requirements for carousels intended for permanent installation for use by children. Where the main play function is not rotating, the relevant requirements in this part of EN 1176 might be used, as appropriate. This document is not applicable to motor-driven carousels, fairground carousels or climbing drums.

Spielplatzgeräte und Spielplatzböden - Teil 5: Zusätzliche besondere sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Karussells

Dieses Dokument legt zusätzliche sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen für Karussells fest, die zur dauer-haften Installation zur Benutzung durch Kinder vorgesehen sind.
Wenn die Hauptspielfunktion nicht die Drehbewegung ist, können die maßgebenden Anforderungen in diesem Teil der EN 1176 wie jeweils angemessen angewendet werden. Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für motorgetriebene Karussells, Karussells auf Rummelplätzen oder Lauftrommeln.

Équipements et sols d'aires de jeux - Partie 5 : Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai complémentaires spécifiques aux manèges

Le présent document spécifie des exigences de sécurité complémentaires pour les manèges pour enfants destinés à être installés de façon permanente.
Pour les équipements dont la principale fonction de jeu ne se limite pas à la rotation, les exigences pertinentes de la présente partie de l’EN 1176 peuvent être utilisées, le cas échéant. Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux manèges entraînés par un moteur, aux manèges forains ni aux tambours.

Oprema in podloge otroških igrišč - 5. del: Dodatne posebne varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za vrtiljake

Ta standard določa dodatne varnostne zahteve za trajno nameščene vrtiljake za otroke. Kadar glavna funkcija igralne naprave ni vrtenje, se lahko ustrezne zahteve tega dela standarda EN 1176 uporabljajo, kot je ustrezno. Ta dokument se ne uporablja za vrtiljake na motorni pogon, zabaviščne vrtiljake ali plezalne objekte.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
04-Sep-2017
Publication Date
17-Nov-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
16-Oct-2019
Due Date
21-Dec-2019
Completion Date
18-Nov-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1176-5:2019
01-december-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1176-5:2008
Oprema in podloge otroških igrišč - 5. del: Dodatne posebne varnostne zahteve in
preskusne metode za vrtiljake

Playground equipment and surfacing - Part 5: Additional specific safety requirements

and test methods for carousels
Spielplatzgeräte und Spielplatzböden - Teil 5: Zusätzliche besondere
sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Karussells

Équipements et sols d'aires de jeux - Partie 5 : Exigences de sécurité et méthodes

d'essai complémentaires spécifiques aux manèges
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1176-5:2019
ICS:
97.200.40 Igrišča Playgrounds
SIST EN 1176-5:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 1176-5:2019
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SIST EN 1176-5:2019
EN 1176-5
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.200.40 Supersedes EN 1176-5:2008
English Version
Playground equipment and surfacing - Part 5: Additional
specific safety requirements and test methods for
carousels

Équipements et sols d'aires de jeux - Partie 5: Spielplatzgeräte und Spielplatzböden - Teil 5:

Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai Zusätzliche besondere sicherheitstechnische

complémentaires spécifiques aux manèges Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Karussells

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 12 August 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1176-5:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 1176-5:2019
EN 1176-5:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Safety requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 9

5 Type specific requirements ...................................................................................................................... 12

6 Test reports .................................................................................................................................................... 17

7 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 17

Annex A (normative) Method for the determination of attachment strength of supporting

structure components to the rotating shaft ....................................................................................... 18

Annex B (informative) A–deviations .................................................................................................................. 19

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SIST EN 1176-5:2019
EN 1176-5:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1176-5:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 136 “Sports,

playground and other recreational facilities and equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2020, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1176-5:2008.

This document is part of a series of standards dealing with playground equipment and surfacing which

consists of:
— Part 1: General safety requirements and test methods;
— Part 2: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for swings;
— Part 3: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for slides;

— Part 4: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for cableways;

— Part 5: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for carousels;

— Part 6: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for rocking equipment;

— Part 7: Guidance on installation, inspection, maintenance and operation;

— Part 10: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for fully enclosed play equipment;

— Part 11: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for spatial network.

This part of EN 1176 will be used in conjunction with EN 1176-1, EN 1176-7 and EN 1177.

For inflatable play equipment see:

— EN 14960 (series), Inflatable play equipment — Safety requirements and test methods.

The principal changes from the previous edition of this part of EN 1176 are as follows:

a) the document covers equipment of all sizes where main function is rotating;
b) information is presented in Table 1 to improve readability;
c) entrapment requirements apply to all openings regardless to their heights;
d) user stations are tested with protrusion ring;
e) type-specific changes:
— axis’ maximum inclination requirement is given only to type B carousel;
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— tolerance is allowed for roundness of the carousel’s platform edge;
— requirements were added for bowl-like carousels;

— requirements were added for free standing carousels with a diameter of less than 500 mm;

f) changes concerning layouts:
— layout recommendation is given for type C carousel;

— impact areas of carousel types D and F are allowed to overlap with other impact areas.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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EN 1176-5:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies additional safety requirements for carousels intended for permanent

installation for use by children.

Where the main play function is not rotating, the relevant requirements in this part of EN 1176 might

be used, as appropriate. This document is not applicable to motor-driven carousels, fairground

carousels or climbing drums.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 1176-1:2017, Playground equipment and surfacing — Part 1: General safety requirements and test

methods

EN 1176-2:2017, Playground equipment and surfacing — Part 2: Additional specific safety requirements

and test methods for swings

EN 1176-6:2017+AC:2019, Playground equipment and surfacing — Part 6: Additional specific safety

requirements and test methods for rocking equipment
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 1176-1 and the following

apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
carousel
playground equipment where the main function is to rotate around a central axis
3.2
rotating chairs (type A)

carousel without a closed rotating platform whose user stations are defined by separate seats that are

rigidly connected with the central axis via the supporting structure
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
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Figure 1 — Example of carousel type A
3.3
carousel with platform (type B)

carousel with a closed rotating platform ≥ Ø500 mm whose user stations are defined by the upper side

of the platform itself and/or by additional seats or handholds that are rigidly fixed on the platform

and/or the central axis
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 2.
Figure 2 — Example of carousel type B
3.4
overhead carousel (type C)

carousel whose user stations are rigidly or flexibly fixed to the underside of the rotating supporting

structure
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 3.
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EN 1176-5:2019 (E)
a) b) c)
Figure 3 — Examples of carousel type C
3.5
track-driven carousel (type D)

carousel structure that is set in rotation around flat or undulating circular tracks by muscle power

(from the hands or feet) transmitted to drive wheels
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 4.
View on X (enlarged)
Figure 4 — Example of carousel type D
3.6
inclined disc (type E)
carousel having an inclined axis whose user stations are not clearly definable
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 5.
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EN 1176-5:2019 (E)
Figure 5 — Example of carousel type E
3.7
bowl-like carousel (type F)

carousel with a bowl-like profile retaining one or more users and not encouraging standing while in

motion
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 6.
3.7.1
type F1
small in size, typically for one user
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 6.
3.7.2
type F2
larger in size, typically for more than one user
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 6.
a) type F1 b) type F2
Figure 6 — Examples of carousels of type F
3.8
user station

designated seat or platform and/or handholds on a carousel that allow the user to stay on or to propel

the carousel
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EN 1176-5:2019 (E)
3.9
ground clearance
clear distance between the moving parts of the structure and the playing surface
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 7.
3.10
carousel diameter

diameter of the circle described by the construction element farthest away from the centre of the

rotational axis when the carousel is in use
Note 1 to entry: See Figures 7 and 9.
3.11
carousel axis
vertical or inclined line around which the carousel rotates
Note 1 to entry: The carousel axis may oscillate in some designs.
4 Safety requirements
4.1 General

Carousels shall conform to EN 1176-1 unless otherwise specified in this part of EN 1176.

Carousels not clearly defined by any of the pre-defined types in this part should be evaluated based on a

risk assessment and using the applicable requirements from each type together with the general

requirements. Risk assessment should be based on comparison with the carousel type most similar to

the new design.

NOTE Due to the way in which speed generated from centrifugal force affects impact, some types of carousels

have increased attenuation and extent requirements for the impact area.
4.2 Free height of fall, height of user stations and impact areas

For each type of carousel, maximum heights of user stations shall not exceed the dimensions given in

Table 1.

Impact areas around carousels shall have an adequate level of impact attenuation at least equivalent to

the free height of fall (see Table 1) but always at least 600 mm.
The extent of impact area for each type of carousel is given in Table 1.
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Table 1 — Free height of fall, height of user stations and impact areas of carousels

Dimensions in millimetres
Type Maximum Free height of fall Minimum extent of the Free space
height of user impact area
stations
Type A Seat 1 000 1 000 2 000 Yes
Type B Platform 1 000 1 000 2 000 Yes
Seat 1 000
Type C Grip 3 000 Grip height minus 2 000 + 1 000 obstacle-free Yes
a a
Seat 1 500 1 500 , but area for hanging types
always ≥ 1 000
For seats 1 500
Type D Seat 1 000 Seat height 1 500 No
Type E Disc 1 000 1 000 3 000 Yes
Type F Top of profile 1 000 1 500 F1: No
1 000
F2: Yes, 1 000 mm
from the perimeter

The position is measured from the position where the suspended seat/grip is angled out by minimum 30°

...

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