Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 5: Heat detectors - Point heat detectors

This European Standard specifies the requirements, test methods and performance criteria for point heat detectors intended for use in fire detection and fire alarm systems installed in and around buildings (see EN 54-1:2011).
This European Standard provides for the assessment of verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) of point heat detectors to this EN.
For other types of heat detector, or for detectors intended for use in other environments, this standard should only be used for guidance.
Heat detectors with special characteristics and developed for specific risks are not covered by this standard.

Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 5: Wärmemelder - Punktförmige Melder

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Anforderungen, Prüfverfahren und Leistungskriterien für punktförmige Wärmemelder fest, die für den Einsatz in Brandmeldeanlagen bestimmt sind, die in und in der Nähe von Gebäuden eingebaut sind (siehe EN 54-1:2011).
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt die Bewertung und Überprüfung der Leistungsbeständigkeit (en: assessment of verification of constancy of performance, AVCP) von punktförmigen Wärmemeldern nach dieser EN.
Für andere Typen von Wärmemeldern oder für Wärmemelder, die für die Anwendung unter anderen Umge-bungsbedingungen vorgesehen sind, sollte die vorliegende Norm nur als Leitfaden angewendet werden.
Wärmemelder mit speziellen Merkmalen, die für besondere Risiken entwickelt wurden, sind nicht Gegen-stand dieser Norm.

Systèmes de détection et d'alarme incendie - Partie 5 : Détecteurs de chaleur - Détecteurs ponctuels

Sistemi za odkrivanje in javljanje požara ter alarmiranje - 5. del: Toplotni javljalniki - Točkovni javljalniki

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve, preskusne metode in merila učinkovitosti za točkovne javljalnike, namenjene uporabi v sistemih za odkrivanje in javljanje požara, ki so nameščeni v zgradbah in njihovi okolici (glej standard EN 54-1:2011).
Ta evropski standard omogoča ocenjevanje v okviru preverjanja nespremenljivosti lastnosti (AVCP) točkovnih javljalnikov v skladu s tem standardom.
Za druge vrste toplotnih javljalnikov ali javljalnike, ki so namenjeni uporabi v drugih okoljih, se ta standard lahko uporablja samo kot vodilo.
Toplotni javljalniki s posebnimi lastnostmi, ki so izdelani za uporabo v posebnih tveganih okoliščinah, niso zajeti v tem standardu.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-Oct-2018
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
05-Sep-2018
Due Date
10-Nov-2018
Completion Date
11-Oct-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018
01-november-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 54-5:2017

6LVWHPL]DRGNULYDQMHLQMDYOMDQMHSRåDUDWHUDODUPLUDQMHGHO7RSORWQLMDYOMDOQLNL

7RþNRYQLMDYOMDOQLNL

Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 5: Heat detectors - Point heat detectors

Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 5: Wärmemelder - Punktförmige Melder
Systèmes de détection et d'alarme incendie - Partie 5 : Détecteurs de chaleur -
Détecteurs ponctuels
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018
ICS:
13.220.20 3RåDUQD]DãþLWD Fire protection
13.320 Alarmni in opozorilni sistemi Alarm and warning systems
SIST EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018
EN 54-5:2017+A1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.220.20 Supersedes EN 54-5:2017
English Version
Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 5: Heat
detectors - Point heat detectors

Systèmes de détection et d'alarme incendie - Partie 5 : Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 5: Wärmemelder -

Détecteurs de chaleur - Détecteurs ponctuels Punktförmige Melder

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 23 October 2016 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 10 April

2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018
EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword .......................................................................................................................................................5

1 Scope ....................................................................................................................................................................7

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................7

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ......................................................................................................8

3.1 Terms and Definitions ...................................................................................................................................8

3.2 Abbreviations ....................................................................................................................................................8

4 Product characteristics .................................................................................................................................8

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................8

4.1.1 Heat Response Categories ............................................................................................................................8

4.2 Operational reliability ...................................................................................................................................9

4.2.1 Position of heat sensitive elements ...........................................................................................................9

4.2.2 Individual alarm indication .........................................................................................................................9

4.2.3 Connection of ancillary devices ............................................................................................................... 10

4.2.4 Monitoring of detachable detectors ....................................................................................................... 10

4.2.5 Manufacturer's adjustments..................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.6 On-site adjustment of response behaviour ......................................................................................... 10

4.2.7 Software controlled detector (when provided) ................................................................................. 10

4.3 Nominal activation conditions/sensitivity .......................................................................................... 12

4.3.1 Directional dependence ............................................................................................................................. 12

4.3.2 Static response temperature .................................................................................................................... 12

4.3.3 Response times from typical application temperature .................................................................. 12

4.3.4 Response times from 25 °C ........................................................................................................................ 12

4.3.5 Response times from high ambient temperature ............................................................................. 12

4.3.6 Reproducibility .............................................................................................................................................. 12

4.4 Response delay (response time) ............................................................................................................. 13

4.4.1 Additional tests for suffix S detectors ................................................................................................... 13

4.4.2 Additional tests for suffix R detectors ................................................................................................... 13

4.5 Tolerance to supply voltage - Variation in supply parameters .................................................... 13

4.6 Durability of Nominal activation conditions/sensitivity ............................................................... 13

4.6.1 Temperature resistance ............................................................................................................................. 13

4.6.2 Humidity resistance ..................................................................................................................................... 13

4.6.3 Corrosion resistance: Sulphur dioxide (SO ) corrosion (endurance) ....................................... 14

4.6.4 Vibration resistance .................................................................................................................................... 14

4.6.5 Electrical stability: Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), Immunity tests

(operational) .................................................................................................................................................. 14

5 Testing, assessment and sampling methods ....................................................................................... 14

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.1.1 Atmospheric conditions for tests ............................................................................................................ 14

5.1.2 Operating conditions for tests ................................................................................................................. 15

5.1.3 Mounting arrangements............................................................................................................................. 15

5.1.4 Tolerances ....................................................................................................................................................... 15

5.1.5 Measurement of response time ............................................................................................................... 15

5.1.6 Provision for tests ........................................................................................................................................ 16

5.1.7 Test schedule .................................................................................................................................................. 16

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018
EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018 (E)

5.2 Operational reliability ................................................................................................................................ 20

5.2.1 Position of heat sensitive elements ........................................................................................................ 20

5.2.2 Individual alarm indication ...................................................................................................................... 20

5.2.3 Connection of ancillary devices ............................................................................................................... 20

5.2.4 Monitoring of detachable detectors ....................................................................................................... 21

5.2.5 Manufacturer's adjustments..................................................................................................................... 21

5.2.6 On-site adjustment of response behaviour ......................................................................................... 21

5.2.7 Software controlled detectors (when provided) ............................................................................... 21

5.3 Nominal activation conditions/sensitivity .......................................................................................... 21

5.3.1 Directional dependence ............................................................................................................................. 21

5.3.2 Static response temperature .................................................................................................................... 22

5.3.3 Response times from typical application temperature .................................................................. 22

5.3.4 Response times from 25 °C ........................................................................................................................ 23

5.3.5 Response times from high ambient temperature ............................................................................. 24

5.3.6 Reproducibility .............................................................................................................................................. 25

5.4 Response delay (response time) ............................................................................................................. 25

5.4.1 Additional tests for suffix S detectors ................................................................................................... 25

5.4.2 Additional test for suffix R detectors ..................................................................................................... 27

5.5 Tolerance to supply voltage ...................................................................................................................... 28

5.5.1 Variation in supply parameters .............................................................................................................. 28

5.6 Durability of Nominal activation conditions/sensitivity ............................................................... 29

5.6.1 Temperature resistance ............................................................................................................................. 29

5.6.2 Humidity resistance ..................................................................................................................................... 31

5.6.3 Corrosion resistance .................................................................................................................................... 33

5.6.4 Vibration resistance .................................................................................................................................... 34

5.6.5 Electrical stability ......................................................................................................................................... 38

6 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) ............................................ 40

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 40

6.2 Type testing .................................................................................................................................................... 40

6.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 40

6.2.2 Test samples, testing and compliance criteria ................................................................................... 41

6.2.3 Test reports .................................................................................................................................................... 41

6.3 Factory production control FPC) ............................................................................................................. 41

6.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 41

6.3.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 42

6.3.3 Product specific requirements ................................................................................................................ 44

6.3.4 Initial inspection of factory and FPC ...................................................................................................... 45

6.3.5 Continuous surveillance of FPC ............................................................................................................... 45

6.3.6 Procedure for modifications ..................................................................................................................... 46

6.3.7 One-off products, pre-production products, (e.g. prototypes) and products

produced in very low quantities ............................................................................................................. 46

7 Classification .................................................................................................................................................. 47

8 Marking, labelling and packaging ........................................................................................................... 47

Annex A (normative) Heat tunnel for response time and response temperature

measurements ............................................................................................................................................... 48

Annex B (informative) Information concerning the construction of the heat tunnel ....................... 49

Annex C (informative) Derivation of upper and lower limits of response times ................................ 52

Annex D (informative) Apparatus for impact test ......................................................................................... 55

Annex E (informative) Data supplied with point heat detectors .............................................................. 57

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SIST EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018
EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018 (E)
Annex ZA (informative) Relationship of this European Standard with Regulation

(EU) No.305/2011 ........................................................................................................................................ 58

ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics ........................................................................................................ 58

ZA.2 System of Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance (AVCP) ...................... 60

ZA.3 Assignment of AVCP tasks ......................................................................................................................... 60

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 62

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018
EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 72

“Fire detection and fire alarm systems”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of

an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2019, and conflicting national

standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2022.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the

subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights."
This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 2018-04-10.
This document supersedes !EN 54-5:2017".

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags

!".
EN 54-5 has been revised as follows:
Inclusion of new clauses and annexes:
— Clause 6 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP)
— Clause 7 Classification and designation
— Clause 8 Marking, labelling and packaging
— Annex E (informative) Data supplied with point heat detectors
The main technical changes are as follows:
— Applying the latest EN 50130-4:2011 EMC for immunity tests.
The editorial changes are as follows:
— Changes from classes to Categories

— Editorial changes in a number of clauses, such as software and General, in order to conform

to the regulation.

This document has been prepared under a standardization request given to CEN/CENELEC by

the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports the basic

requirements of Regulation (EU) 305/2011.

For relationship with EU Regulation, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.
EN 54, Fire detection and fire alarm systems, consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: Introduction
— Part 2: Control and indicating equipment
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018
EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018 (E)
— Part 3: Fire alarm devices – Sounders
— Part 4: Power supply equipment
— Part 5: Heat detectors – Point heat detectors

— Part 7: Smoke detectors – Point detectors using scattered light, transmitted light or

ionization
— Part 10: Flame detector – Point detectors
— Part 11: Manual call points
— Part 12: Smoke detectors – Line detector using an optical light beam
— Part 13: Compatibility assessment of system components

— Part 14: Guidelines for planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and maintenance

(CEN/TS)
— Part 16: Voice alarm control and indicating equipment
— Part 17: Short circuit isolators
— Part 18: Input/output devices
— Part 20: Aspirating smoke detectors
— Part 21: Alarm transmission and fault warning routine equipment
— Part 22: Line-type heat detectors
— Part 23: Fire alarm devices – Visual alarms
— Part 24: Components of voice alarm systems – Loudspeakers
— Part 25: Components using radio links and system requirements
— Part 26: Carbon monoxide detectors – Point detectors
— Part 27: Duct smoke detectors
— Part 28: Non-resettable (digital) line type heat detectors

— Part 29: Multi-sensor fire detectors - Point detectors using a combination of smoke and heat

sensors

— Part 30: Multi-sensor fire detectors - Point detectors using a combination of carbon

monoxide and heat sensors

— Part 31: Multi-sensor detector – Point detectors using a combination of smoke, carbon

monoxide and optionally heat sensors

— Part 32: Guidelines for the planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and

maintenance of voice alarm systems (CEN/TS)

NOTE This list includes standards that are in preparation and other standards may be added. For

current status of published standards refer to www.cen.eu.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of

Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia,

Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018
EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the requirements, test methods and performance criteria for

point heat detectors intended for use in fire detection and fire alarm systems installed in and

around buildings (see EN 54-1:2011).

This European Standard provides for the assessment of verification of constancy of performance

(AVCP) of point heat detectors to this EN.

For other types of heat detector, or for detectors intended for use in other environments, this

standard should only be used for guidance.

Heat detectors with special characteristics and developed for specific risks are not covered by

this standard.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and

are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.
EN 54-1:2011, Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 1: Introduction

EN 50130-4:2011, Alarm systems - Part 4: Electromagnetic compatibility - Product family

standard: Immunity requirements for components of fire, intruder, hold up, CCTV, access control

and social alarm systems

EN 60068-1:1994, Environmental testing - Part 1: General and guidance (IEC 60068-1:1988)

EN 60068-2-1:2007, Environmental testing - Part 2-1: Tests - Test A: Cold (IEC 60068-2-1:2007)

EN 60068-2-2:2007, Environmental testing - Part 2-2: Tests - Test B: Dry heat (IEC 60068-2-

2:2007)

EN 60068-2-6:2008, Environmental testing - Part 2-6: Tests - Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal) (IEC

60068-2-6:2008)

EN 60068-2-27:2009, Environmental testing - Part 2-27: Tests - Test Ea and guidance: Shock (IEC

60068-2-27:2009)

EN 60068-2-30:2005, Environmental testing - Part 2-30: Tests - Test Db: Damp heat, cyclic (12 h +

12 h cycle) (IEC 60068-2-30:2005)

EN 60068-2-42:2003, Environmental testing - Part 2-42: Tests - Test Kc: Sulphur dioxide test for

contacts and connections (IEC 60068-2-42:2003)

EN 60068-2-78:2013, Environmental testing - Part 2-78: Tests - Test Cab: Damp heat, steady state

(IEC 60068-2-78:2012)
ISO 209:2007, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Chemical composition
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SIST EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018
EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018 (E)
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations
3.1 Terms and Definitions

For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions and those given in

EN 54-1:2011 apply.
3.1.1
typical application temperature

temperature that an installed point heat detector can be expected to experience for long periods

of time in the absence of a fire condition

Note 1 to entry: This temperature is deemed to be 29 °C below the minimum static response

temperature, according to the category marked on the point heat detector, as specified in Table 1.

3.1.2
maximum application temperature

maximum temperature that an installed point heat detector can be expected to experience, even

for short periods of time, in the absence of a fire condition

Note 1 to entry: This temperature is deemed to be 4 °C below the minimum static response

temperature, according to the category marked on the point heat detector, as specified in Table 1.

3.1.3
static response temperature

temperature at which the point heat detector would produce an alarm signal if subjected to a

vanishingly small rate of rise of temperature

Note 1 to entry: Rates of rise of temperature of approximately 0,2 K min are normally found to be

suitable for measuring this, however lower rates can be required in some instances (see 5.3).

3.2 Abbreviations
RT Response time
T Temperature
4 Product characteristics
4.1 General
4.1.1 Heat Response Categories

Detectors are categorized by one or more of the following heat response categories: A1, A2, B, C,

D, E, F or G according to the requirements of the tests specified in Clause 5 (see Table 1).

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018
EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018 (E)
Table 1 — Detector categorization temperatures
Detector Typical Maximum Minimum Maximum
Category Application Application Static Static
Temperatur Temperatur Response Response
e e Temperature Temperature
°C °C °C °C
A1 25 50 54 65
A2 25 50 54 70
B 40 65 69 85
C 55 80 84 100
D 70 95 99 115
E 85 110 114 130
F 100 125 129 145
G 115 140 144 160

Manufacturers may optionally give additional information concerning the type of response

exhibited by the detector, by adding the suffix S or R to the above categories . Detectors, which

are marked with the letter S or R as a suffix to the category marking, shall be tested in

accordance with the applicable test, specified in 5.4.1 or 5.4.2, and shall meet the requirements

of that test, in addition to the tests of Clause 5. Addition of a suffix shall be regarded as creating a

new category.
4.2 Operational reliability
4.2.1 Position of heat sensitive elements

The heat sensitive element(s) or at least part of it, except elements with auxiliary functions (e.g.

characteristic correctors), shall be at a distance ≥ 15 mm from the mounting surface of the point

heat detector. To confirm this, the point heat detector shall be tested in accordance with 5.2.1.

4.2.2 Individual alarm indication

4.2.2.1 Category A1, A2, B, C or D point heat detectors shall be provided with an integral red

visual indicator, by which the individual point heat detector, which released an alarm, can be

identified, until the alarm condition is reset. Where other conditions of the point heat detector

can be visually indicated, they shall be clearly distinguishable from the alarm indication, except

when the point heat detector is switched into a service mode. For detachable point heat

detectors the indicator may be integral with the base or the point heat detector head. The visual

indicator shall be visible from a distance of 6 m directly below the point heat detector, in an

Detectors, with a suffix S to their category, do not respond below the minimum static response temperature,

applicable to their categories (see Table 1), even at high rates of rise of air temperature. Detectors with a suffix R to

their category, incorporate a rate-of-rise characteristic, which meets the response time requirements (see Table 4) for

high rates of rise of air temperature even when starting at air temperatures substantially below the typical application

temperature.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018
EN 54-5:2017+A1:2018 (E)

ambient light intensity up to 500 lx. To confirm this, the point heat detector shall be assessed in

accordance with 5.2.2.1

4.2.2.2 Category E, F or G point heat detectors shall be provided with either an integral red

indicator, or with another means for locally indicating the alarm status of the point heat

detector. To confirm this, the point heat detector shall be assessed in accordance with 5.2.2.2

NOTE The alarm condition is reset manually at the control and indicating equipment (see EN 54–2).

4.2.3 Connection of ancillary devices

Where the point heat detector provides for connections to ancillary devices (e.g. remote

indicators, contro
...

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