Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 14: Guidelines for planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and maintenance

This Technical Specification provides guidelines for the application of automatic fire detection and fire alarm systems in and around buildings. The guideline covers planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and maintenance of the systems.
The guidelines cover systems intended for the protection of life and/or the protection of property. The guidelines cover systems with a control and indicating equipment and at least one manual call point or one fire detector. In the event of a fire the systems may be capable of providing signals to initiate the operation of ancillary equipment (such as fixed fire extinguishing systems) and other precautions and actions (such as machinery shutdown or remote transmission of alarms). These guidelines do not cover the ancillary services themselves or ancillary circuits to interface with them.
The guidelines do not cover systems combining fire alarm functions with other non-fire related functions.
The guidelines do not recommend whether or not an automatic fire detection and/or fire alarm system should be installed in any given premises.
It has been assumed in the drafting of these guidelines that they are used by appropriately competent persons. However, guidance is also given to other persons purchasing or using a fire detection and / or fire alarm system.
Smoke alarms according to EN 14604 are not fire detection and fire alarm systems.

Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 14: Leitfaden für Planung, Projektierung, Montage, Inbetriebsetzung, Betrieb und Instandhaltung

Diese Technische Spezifikation enthält Leitfäden für die Verwendung von automatischen Brandmeldeanlagen in Gebäuden und deren Nähe. Der Leitfaden umfasst Planung, Projektierung, Montage, Inbetriebsetzung, Betrieb und Instandhaltung der Anlagen.
Die Leitfäden gelten für Anlagen, die für den Personenschutz und/oder den Sachgüterschutz vorgesehen sind. Die Leitfäden gelten für Anlagen mit Brandmelderzentrale und mindestens einem Handfeuermelder oder einem Brandmelder. Im Brandfall dürfen die Anlagen Signale zur Ansteuerung von zusätzlichen Einrichtungen (wie stationäre Löschanlagen) und anderen Sicherheitsmaßnahmen und Aktionen (wie Abschaltung von Maschinen oder Fernübertragung von Alarmsignalen) liefern. Diese Leitfäden behandeln jedoch weder diese zusätzlichen Einrichtungen selbst, noch die zusätzlichen Schaltungen zur Bildung einer Schnittstelle mit ihnen.
Die Leitfäden behandeln keine Anlagen, die Alarmierungsfunktionen mit Funktionen verknüpfen, die sich nicht auf einen Brand beziehen.
Die Leitfäden enthalten keine Empfehlungen darüber, wann oder wann nicht in Gebäuden eine automatische Brandmeldeanlage montiert werden sollte.
Bei der Erarbeitung dieser Leitfäden wurde davon ausgegangen, dass sie von Sachkundigen angewendet werden. Trotzdem werden auch Hinweise für andere Personen angegeben, die Brandmeldeanlagen kaufen oder betreiben.
Rauchwarnmelder nach EN 14604 sind keine Brandmeldeanlagen.

Guide d'application pour la planification, la conception, l'installation, la mise en service, l'exploitation et la maintenance des systèmes de détection et d’alarme incendie

Sistemi za odkrivanje in javljanje požara ter alarmiranje - 14. del: Smernice za načrtovanje, projektiranje, vgradnjo, preverjanje, uporabo in vzdrževanje

Ta tehnična specifikacija podaja smernice za uporabo sistemov za samodejno odkrivanje in javljanje požara ter alarmiranje v stavbah in njihovi okolici. Smernice obravnavajo načrtovanje, projektiranje, vgradnjo, preverjanje, uporabo in vzdrževanje sistemov.
Smernice obravnavajo sisteme, namenjene za varovanje življenj in/ali zaščito lastnine. Smernice obravnavajo sisteme z nadzorno in indikatorsko opremo ter najmanj eno točko za ročni klic ali en javljalnik požara. V primeru požara lahko sistemi posredujejo signale za sprožitev delovanja pomožne opreme (kot so fiksni sistemi za gašenje požara) ter drugih previdnostnih ukrepov in dejanj (na primer izklop strojev ali oddaljeno oddajanje alarmov). Te smernice ne zajemajo samih pomožnih storitev ali pomožnih tokokrogov za povezovanje z njihovimi vmesniki.
Smernice ne zajemajo sistemov, ki združujejo funkcije požarnega alarma z drugimi funkcijami, ki niso povezane s požari.
Smernice ne priporočajo, ali naj bi se v posameznih prostorih namestil samodejni sistem za odkrivanje in/ali javljanje požara ter alarmiranje.
Pri pripravljanju osnutka teh smernic se je domnevalo, da bodo smernice uporabljale osebe z ustreznimi kompetencami. Podane pa so tudi smernice za druge osebe, ki kupijo ali uporabljajo sistem za odkrivanje in/ali javljanje požara ter alarmiranje.
Dimni alarmi v skladu s standardom EN 14604 niso sistemi za odkrivanje in/ali javljanje požara ter alarmiranje.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-Nov-2015
Publication Date
14-Nov-2018
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
12-Nov-2018
Due Date
17-Jan-2019
Completion Date
15-Nov-2018

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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN/TS 54-14:2018
01-december-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST-TS CEN/TS 54-14:2004
6LVWHPL]DRGNULYDQMHLQMDYOMDQMHSRåDUDWHUDODUPLUDQMHGHO6PHUQLFH]D
QDþUWRYDQMHSURMHNWLUDQMHYJUDGQMRSUHYHUMDQMHXSRUDERLQY]GUåHYDQMH

Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 14: Guidelines for planning, design,

installation, commissioning, use and maintenance
Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 14: Leitfaden für Planung, Projektierung, Montage,
Inbetriebsetzung, Betrieb und Instandhaltung

Guide d'application pour la planification, la conception, l'installation, la mise en service,

l'exploitation et la maintenance des systèmes de détection et d’alarme incendie
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TS 54-14:2018
ICS:
13.220.20 3RåDUQD]DãþLWD Fire protection
13.320 Alarmni in opozorilni sistemi Alarm and warning systems
SIST-TS CEN/TS 54-14:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TS CEN/TS 54-14:2018
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SIST-TS CEN/TS 54-14:2018
CEN/TS 54-14
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
October 2018
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
ICS 13.220.20 Supersedes CEN/TS 54-14:2004
English Version
Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 14: Guidelines
for planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and
maintenance

Guide d'application pour la planification, la conception, Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 14: Leitfaden für Planung,

l'installation, la mise en service, l'exploitation et la Projektierung, Montage, Inbetriebsetzung, Betrieb und

maintenance des systèmes de détection et d'alarme Instandhaltung
incendie

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 2 March 2018 for provisional application.

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was corrected and reissued by the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre on 7 November

2018.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to

submit their comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS

available promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in

parallel to the CEN/TS) until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE N O R M A L I S A T IO N
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUN G
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TS 54-14:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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CEN/TS 54-14:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 7

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 9

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 10

2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................. 10

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 11

4 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15

4.1 Guideline usage ............................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2 Guideline format........................................................................................................................................... 16

4.3 False alarms ................................................................................................................................................... 18

4.4 Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 18

4.5 Responsibility ................................................................................................................................................ 18

4.6 Qualifications ................................................................................................................................................. 18

5 Assessment of needs ................................................................................................................................... 18

5.1 Purpose ............................................................................................................................................................ 18

5.2 Consultation ................................................................................................................................................... 18

5.3 Parts of the building needing cover ....................................................................................................... 19

5.3.1 Extent of cover ............................................................................................................................................... 19

5.3.2 Description of extent................................................................................................................................... 20

5.3.3 Total cover ...................................................................................................................................................... 20

5.3.4 Fire compartment cover ............................................................................................................................ 20

5.3.5 Escape route cover ....................................................................................................................................... 20

5.3.6 Local cover ...................................................................................................................................................... 20

5.3.7 Equipment cover .......................................................................................................................................... 21

5.3.8 Manual detection system ........................................................................................................................... 21

5.3.9 Areas not needing cover ............................................................................................................................ 21

5.4 Fire brigade attendance ............................................................................................................................. 22

5.4.1 Communications ........................................................................................................................................... 22

5.4.2 Delay to output E according to EN 54-2 ................................................................................................ 22

5.5 Fire alarm response strategy ................................................................................................................... 22

5.6 Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 23

5.7 Responsibility ................................................................................................................................................ 23

5.8 Qualifications ................................................................................................................................................. 23

6 Planning and design .................................................................................................................................... 23

6.1 Devices connected to the system ............................................................................................................ 23

6.1.1 Components ................................................................................................................................................... 23

6.2 System design ................................................................................................................................................ 23

6.2.1 Compatibility ................................................................................................................................................. 23

6.2.2 Fault effects .................................................................................................................................................... 23

6.2.3 Hazardous atmospheres ............................................................................................................................ 25

6.2.4 False alarms ................................................................................................................................................... 25

6.2.5 Connection to fire protection systems .................................................................................................. 25

6.2.6 Special risks ................................................................................................................................................... 25

6.3 Zones ................................................................................................................................................................. 25

6.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25

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6.3.2 Detection zones ............................................................................................................................................. 25

6.3.3 Alarm zones .................................................................................................................................................... 26

6.4 Selection of detectors and manual call points .................................................................................... 26

6.4.1 Detectors - General....................................................................................................................................... 26

6.4.2 Smoke detectors ............................................................................................................................................ 27

6.4.3 Heat detectors ................................................................................................................................................ 27

6.4.4 Flame detectors ............................................................................................................................................. 28

6.4.5 Combustion gas fire detectors ................................................................................................................. 28

6.4.6 Multi-sensor fire detectors ........................................................................................................................ 28

6.4.7 Radio linked systems................................................................................................................................... 30

6.4.8 Manual call points ........................................................................................................................................ 30

6.5 Siting and spacing of detectors and manual call points .................................................................. 31

6.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 31

6.5.2 Heat and smoke detectors ......................................................................................................................... 36

6.5.3 Flame detectors ............................................................................................................................................. 37

6.5.4 Manual call points ........................................................................................................................................ 40

6.5.5 Identification .................................................................................................................................................. 40

6.5.6 Coincidence detection ................................................................................................................................. 41

6.6 Alarm systems and devices ....................................................................................................................... 41

6.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 41

6.6.2 Audible Alarms .............................................................................................................................................. 41

6.6.3 Visual fire alarm devices ............................................................................................................................ 42

6.7 Control and indication ................................................................................................................................ 42

6.7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 42

6.7.2 Location of control and indicating equipment ................................................................................... 42

6.7.3 Repeat control and indication panels ................................................................................................... 43

6.7.4 Alarm location aids ...................................................................................................................................... 44

6.7.5 Fire brigade panel ........................................................................................................................................ 44

6.8 Power supplies .............................................................................................................................................. 44

6.8.1 Power supply equipment ........................................................................................................................... 44

6.8.2 Main power source ....................................................................................................................................... 44

6.8.3 Standby power source................................................................................................................................. 45

6.9 Signals to a fire alarm receiving station ............................................................................................... 45

6.10 Signals to a fault warning receiving station ........................................................................................ 45

6.11 Other equipment or systems .................................................................................................................... 45

6.12 Transmission paths ..................................................................................................................................... 46

6.12.1 Cables ................................................................................................................................................................ 46

6.12.2 Radio linked systems................................................................................................................................... 48

6.13 Protection against electromagnetic interference ............................................................................. 49

6.14 Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 49

6.15 Responsibility ................................................................................................................................................ 50

6.16 Qualifications ................................................................................................................................................. 50

7 Installation ...................................................................................................................................................... 50

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 50

7.2 Siting of equipment ...................................................................................................................................... 50

7.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 50

7.2.2 Hazardous areas............................................................................................................................................ 50

7.3 Cable installation .......................................................................................................................................... 50

7.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 50

7.3.2 Cable identification ...................................................................................................................................... 50

7.3.3 Multi-core cable restrictions .................................................................................................................... 50

7.3.4 Cable joints and terminations .................................................................................................................. 51

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7.4 Radioactivity .................................................................................................................................................. 51

7.5 Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 51

7.6 Responsibility ................................................................................................................................................ 51

7.7 Qualifications ................................................................................................................................................. 51

8 Initialization and configuration .............................................................................................................. 51

8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 51

8.2 Programming of the CIE ............................................................................................................................. 51

8.3 Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 52

8.4 Responsibility ................................................................................................................................................ 52

8.5 Qualifications ................................................................................................................................................. 52

9 Commissioning acceptance and verification ...................................................................................... 52

9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 52

9.2 Commissioning .............................................................................................................................................. 52

9.3 Verification (optional) ............................................................................................................................... 54

9.4 Responsibility ................................................................................................................................................ 54

9.5 Qualifications ................................................................................................................................................. 54

10 Third party approval .................................................................................................................................. 54

10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 54

10.2 Approval procedures .................................................................................................................................. 55

10.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 55

10.2.2 Inspection and testing ................................................................................................................................ 55

10.2.3 Testing of operation .................................................................................................................................... 55

10.3 Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 55

10.4 Periodic inspection by an approving body ......................................................................................... 55

10.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 55

10.4.2 Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 55

10.5 Qualifications ................................................................................................................................................. 56

11 User responsibilities ................................................................................................................................... 56

11.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 56

11.2 User scheduled maintenance ................................................................................................................... 56

11.2.1 Daily user maintenance ............................................................................................................................. 56

11.2.2 Quarterly user maintenance .................................................................................................................... 57

11.2.3 Annual user maintenance ......................................................................................................................... 57

11.3 Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 57

12 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................... 57

12.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 57

12.2 Maintenance routine ................................................................................................................................... 57

12.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 57

12.2.2 Prevention of unwanted fire signals to the fire and rescue service during

maintenance................................................................................................................................................... 57

12.2.3 Prevention of unwanted activation during routine testing .......................................................... 58

12.2.4 Precautions during maintenance ........................................................................................................... 58

12.3 Corrective maintenance ............................................................................................................................. 58

12.4 Spares ............................................................................................................................................................... 58

12.5 Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 59

12.6 Responsibility ................................................................................................................................................ 59

12.7 Qualifications ................................................................................................................................................. 59

13 Modification of an installed system ....................................................................................................... 59

13.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 59

13.2 Third party approval .................................................................................................................................. 59

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13.3 Extent of compliance ................................................................................................................................... 59

13.4 Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 59

13.5 Responsibility ................................................................................................................................................ 59

13.6 Qualifications ................................................................................................................................................. 59

14 Operation of other fire protection systems ......................................................................................... 60

14.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 60

14.2 Responsibility ................................................................................................................................................ 60

15 Applications in special risks ..................................................................................................................... 60

15.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 60

15.2 Electronic data processing areas ............................................................................................................ 61

15.3 High-rack warehouses ................................................................................................................................ 61

15.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 61

15.3.2 Aspirating smoke detection ...................................................................................................................... 61

15.3.3 Other detection .............................................................................................................................................. 61

15.4 Atrium and high ceiling areas ..............................
...

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