Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 7: Smoke detectors - Point smoke detectors that operate using scattered light, transmitted light or ionization

This draft European Standard specifies requirements, test methods and performance criteria for point smoke detectors that operate using scattered light, transmitted light or ionization, intended for use in fire detection and fire alarm systems installed in and around buildings (see EN 54 1:2011).
This European standard provides for the assessment of verification of consistency of performance (AVCP) of point smoke detectors to this EN.
For other types of smoke detector, or smoke detectors working on different principles, this standard should only be used for guidance. Smoke detectors with special characteristics and developed for specific risks are not covered by this standard.
NOTE   Certain types of detector contain radioactive materials. The national requirements for radiation protection differ from country to country and they are not specified in this standard.

Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 7: Rauchmelder - Punktförmige Melder nach dem Streulicht-, Durchlicht- oder Ionisationsprinzip

Diese Entwurf einer Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen, Prüfverfahren und Leistungskriterien für punktförmige Rauchmelder fest, die nach dem Streulicht-, Durchlicht- oder Ionisationsprinzip arbeiten und in Brandmeldeanlagen eingesetzt werden, die in und in der Nähe von Gebäuden eingebaut sind (siehe EN 54­1:2011).
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt die Bewertung und Überprüfung der Leistungsbeständigkeit (AVCP) von punktförmigen Rauchmeldern nach dieser EN.
Für andere Typen von Rauchmeldern oder für Rauchmelder, die nach anderen Prinzipien arbeiten, sollte die vorliegende Norm nur als Leitfaden angewendet werden. Rauchmelder mit speziellen Merkmalen, entwickelt für besondere Risiken, sind nicht Gegenstand dieser Norm.
ANMERKUNG   Einige Meldertypen enthalten radioaktive Stoffe. Die nationalen Anforderungen für den Strahlenschutz sind in den Ländern unterschiedlich und werden deshalb in der vorliegenden Norm nicht festgelegt.

Systèmes de détection et d'alarme incendie - Partie 7 : Détecteurs de fumée - Détecteurs ponctuels fonctionnant suivant le principe de la diffusion de la lumière, de la transmission de la lumière ou de l'ionisation

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences, les méthodes d’essais et les critères de performance des détecteurs ponctuels de fumée fonctionnant suivant le principe de la diffusion de la lumière, de la transmission de la lumière ou de l’ionisation, destinés à être utilisés dans les systèmes de détection et d’alarme incendie installés dans les bâtiments et autour de ceux-ci (voir l’EN 54-1:2011).
La présente Norme européenne prévoit l’évaluation et la vérification de la constance des performances (EVCP) des détecteurs ponctuels de fumée par rapport à la présente EN.
Pour d’autres types de détecteur de fumée ou pour ceux fonctionnant suivant des principes différents, il convient d’utiliser cette norme comme un guide. Les détecteurs de fumée possédant des caractéristiques particulières, conçus pour des risques spéciaux, ne sont pas couverts par cette norme.

Sistemi za odkrivanje in javljanje požara ter alarmiranje - 7. del: Dimni javljalniki - Točkovni javljalniki na principu sipanja svetlobe, prepuščene svetlobe ali ionizacije

Ta osnutek evropskega standarda določa zahteve, preskusne metode in merila učinkovitosti za točkovne dimne javljalnike na principu sipanja svetlobe, prepuščene svetlobe ali ionizacije, namenjene uporabi v sistemih za odkrivanje in javljanje požara, ki so nameščeni v zgradbah in njihovi okolici (glej standard EN 54 1:2011).
Ta evropski standard omogoča ocenjevanje v okviru preverjanja nespremenljivosti lastnosti (AVCP) točkovnih dimnih javljalnikov v skladu s tem standardom EN.
Za druge vrste dimnih javljalnikov ali dimne javljalnike, ki delujejo po drugih principih, se ta standard lahko uporablja samo kot vodilo. Dimni javljalniki s posebnimi lastnostmi, ki so izdelani za uporabo v posebnih tveganih okoliščinah, v tem standardu niso zajeti.
OPOMBA:   Nekatere vrste javljalnikov vsebujejo radioaktivne materiale. Nacionalne zahteve za zaščito pred sevanjem se razlikujejo po posameznih državah in niso določene v tem standardu.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-Jul-2015
Publication Date
06-Nov-2018
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
07-Sep-2018
Due Date
12-Nov-2018
Completion Date
07-Nov-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 54-7:2018
01-december-2018
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SIST EN 54-7:2001
SIST EN 54-7:2001/A1:2002
SIST EN 54-7:2001/A2:2006

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Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 7: Smoke detectors - Point smoke detectors

that operate using scattered light, transmitted light or ionization

Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 7: Rauchmelder - Punktförmige Melder nach dem Streulicht-,

Durchlicht- oder Ionisationsprinzip
Systèmes de détection et d'alarme incendie - Partie 7 : Détecteurs de fumée -

Détecteurs ponctuels fonctionnant suivant le principe de la diffusion de la lumière, de la

transmission de la lumière ou de l'ionisation
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 54-7:2018
ICS:
13.220.20 3RåDUQD]DãþLWD Fire protection
13.320 Alarmni in opozorilni sistemi Alarm and warning systems
SIST EN 54-7:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 54-7:2018
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SIST EN 54-7:2018
EN 54-7
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.220.20 Supersedes EN 54-7:2000
English Version
Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 7: Smoke
detectors - Point smoke detectors that operate using
scattered light, transmitted light or ionization

Systèmes de détection et d'alarme incendie - Partie 7 : Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 7: Rauchmelder -

Détecteurs de fumée - Détecteurs ponctuels Punktförmige Melder nach dem Streulicht-, Durchlicht-

fonctionnant suivant le principe de la diffusion de la oder Ionisationsprinzip
lumière, de la transmission de la lumière ou de
l'ionisation
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 16 November 2015.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 54-7:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 54-7:2018
EN 54-7:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1 Compliance ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.2 Operational reliability ................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2.1 Individual alarm indication ......................................................................................................................... 8

4.2.2 Connection of ancillary devices ................................................................................................................. 8

4.2.3 Monitoring of detachable detectors ......................................................................................................... 8

4.2.4 Manufacturer's adjustments ....................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.5 On-site adjustment of response behaviour ............................................................................................ 9

4.2.6 Protection against the ingress of foreign bodies ................................................................................. 9

4.2.7 Response to slowly developing fires ........................................................................................................ 9

4.2.8 Software controlled detector (when provided) ................................................................................ 10

4.3 Nominal activation conditions/sensitivity ......................................................................................... 11

4.3.1 Repeatability .................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.3.2 Directional Dependence ............................................................................................................................ 11

4.3.3 Reproducibility ............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.4 Response delay (response time) ............................................................................................................ 11

4.4.1 Air movement ................................................................................................................................................ 11

4.4.2 Dazzling ........................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.5 Tolerance to supply voltage — Variation in supply parameters ................................................ 12

4.6 Performance parameters under fire conditions — Fire sensitivity .......................................... 12

4.7 Durability of Nominal activation conditions/sensitivity ............................................................... 12

4.7.1 Temperature resistance ............................................................................................................................ 12

4.7.2 Humidity resistance .................................................................................................................................... 12

4.7.3 Corrosion resistance — Sulfur dioxide (SO ) corrosion (endurance)....................................... 12

4.7.4 Vibration resistance .................................................................................................................................... 13

4.7.5 Electrical stability — Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), Immunity tests

(operational).................................................................................................................................................. 13

5 Testing, assessment and sampling methods ...................................................................................... 13

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

5.1.1 Atmospheric conditions for tests ........................................................................................................... 13

5.1.2 Operating conditions for tests ................................................................................................................. 13

5.1.3 Mounting arrangements ............................................................................................................................ 14

5.1.4 Tolerances ...................................................................................................................................................... 14

5.1.5 Measurement of response value ............................................................................................................. 14

5.1.6 Provision for tests ........................................................................................................................................ 15

5.1.7 Test schedule ................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.2 Operational reliability ................................................................................................................................ 17

5.2.1 Individual alarm indication ...................................................................................................................... 17

5.2.2 Connection of ancillary devices .............................................................................................................. 17

5.2.3 Monitoring of detachable detectors ...................................................................................................... 17

5.2.4 Manufacturer's adjustments .................................................................................................................... 17

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SIST EN 54-7:2018
EN 54-7:2018 (E)

5.2.5 On-site adjustment of response behaviour ......................................................................................... 17

5.2.6 Protection against the ingress of foreign bodies ............................................................................... 17

5.2.7 Response to slowly developing fires ...................................................................................................... 18

5.2.8 Software controlled detector (when provided) ................................................................................. 18

5.3 Nominal activation conditions/sensitivity .......................................................................................... 18

5.3.1 Repeatability .................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.3.2 Directional dependence ............................................................................................................................. 18

5.3.3 Reproducibility .............................................................................................................................................. 19

5.4 Response delay (response time) ............................................................................................................. 19

5.4.1 Air movement................................................................................................................................................. 19

5.4.2 Dazzling ............................................................................................................................................................ 20

5.5 Tolerance to supply voltage — Variation in supply parameters ................................................. 21

5.5.1 Object ................................................................................................................................................................ 21

5.5.2 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 21

5.5.3 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 21

5.6 Performance parameters under fire conditions ............................................................................... 21

5.6.1 Fire sensitivity ............................................................................................................................................... 21

5.7 Durability of Nominal activation conditions/sensitivity ............................................................... 23

5.7.1 Temperature resistance ............................................................................................................................. 23

5.7.2 Humidity resistance ..................................................................................................................................... 24

5.7.3 Corrosion resistance — Sulfur dioxide (SO ) corrosion (endurance) ....................................... 26

5.7.4 Vibration resistance .................................................................................................................................... 27

5.7.5 Electrical stability ......................................................................................................................................... 31

6 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) ............................................ 32

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 32

6.2 Type testing .................................................................................................................................................... 32

6.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 32

6.2.2 Test samples, testing and compliance criteria ................................................................................... 33

6.2.3 Test reports .................................................................................................................................................... 33

6.3 Factory production control (FPC) ........................................................................................................... 33

6.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 33

6.3.2 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 34

6.3.3 Product specific requirements ................................................................................................................ 36

6.3.4 Initial inspection of factory and FPC ...................................................................................................... 37

6.3.5 Continuous surveillance of FPC ............................................................................................................... 37

6.3.6 Procedure for modifications ..................................................................................................................... 37

6.3.7 One-off products, pre-production products, (e.g. prototypes) and products produced

in very low quantities .................................................................................................................................. 38

7 Classification .................................................................................................................................................. 38

8 Marking, labelling and packaging ........................................................................................................... 38

Annex A (normative) Smoke tunnel for response value measurements ............................................... 40

Annex B (normative) Test aerosol for response value measurements .................................................. 41

Annex C (normative) Smoke measuring instruments .................................................................................. 42

C.1 Obscuration meter ....................................................................................................................................... 42

C.2 Measuring ionization chamber (MIC) .................................................................................................... 42

C.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 42

C.2.2 Operating method and basic construction .......................................................................................... 43

C.2.3 Technical data ................................................................................................................................................ 44

Annex D (normative) Apparatus for dazzling test ......................................................................................... 46

Annex E (informative) Apparatus for impact test .......................................................................................... 48

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SIST EN 54-7:2018
EN 54-7:2018 (E)

Annex F (normative) Fire test room ................................................................................................................... 50

Annex G (normative) Smouldering (pyrolysis) wood fire (TF2) .............................................................. 52

G.1 Fuel .................................................................................................................................................................... 52

G.2 Hotplate ........................................................................................................................................................... 52

G.3 Arrangement .................................................................................................................................................. 52

G.4 Heating rate .................................................................................................................................................... 53

G.5 End of test condition ................................................................................................................................... 53

G.6 Test validity criteria .................................................................................................................................... 53

Annex H (normative) Glowing smouldering cotton fire (TF3) .................................................................. 55

H.1 Fuel .................................................................................................................................................................... 55

H.2 Arrangement .................................................................................................................................................. 55

H.3 Ignition ............................................................................................................................................................. 55

H.4 End of test condition ................................................................................................................................... 56

H.5 Test validity criteria .................................................................................................................................... 56

Annex I (normative) Flaming plastics (polyurethane) fire (TF4) ............................................................ 57

I.1 Fuel .................................................................................................................................................................... 57

I.2 Arrangement .................................................................................................................................................. 57

I.3 Ignition ............................................................................................................................................................. 57

I.4 End of test condition ................................................................................................................................... 57

I.5 Test validity criteria .................................................................................................................................... 57

Annex J (normative) Flaming liquid (n-heptane) fire (TF5) ...................................................................... 59

J.1 Fuel .................................................................................................................................................................... 59

J.2 Arrangement .................................................................................................................................................. 59

J.3 Ignition ............................................................................................................................................................. 59

J.4 End of test condition ................................................................................................................................... 59

J.5 Test validity criteria .................................................................................................................................... 59

Annex K (informative) Information concerning the construction of the smoke tunnel .................. 61

Annex L (informative) Information concerning the requirements for the response to

slowly developing fires .............................................................................................................................. 64

Annex M (informative) Information concerning the construction of the measuring

ionization chamber...................................................................................................................................... 68

Annex N (normative) Test set-up for testing the protection against the effect of moving

objects .............................................................................................................................................................. 71

Annex O (normative) Apparatus open detector static object test ........................................................... 73

Annex P (informative) Data supplied with point smoke detectors ......................................................... 74

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship of this European Standard with Regulation (EU)

No.305/2011 .................................................................................................................................................. 75

ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics ............................................................................................................ 75

ZA.2 System of Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance (AVCP) .......................... 77

ZA.3 Assignment of AVCP tasks ............................................................................................................................. 77

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 79

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SIST EN 54-7:2018
EN 54-7:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 54-7:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 72 “Fire detection

and fire alarm systems”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.
This document supersedes EN 54-7:2000.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2019, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2022.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports the basic requirements of Regulation (EU) 305/2011.

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

EN 54-7 has been revised so as to align the second answer to the mandate M/109. It includes new

clauses and annexes as follow:
— Clause 6, Assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP);
— Clause 7, Classification;
— Clause 8, Marking, labelling and packaging;

— Annex N (normative), Test set up for testing the protection against the effect of moving objects;

— Annex O (normative), Apparatus open detector static object test;
— Annex P (informative), Data supplied with point smoke detectors;
— Annex ZA updated to the latest template.
The main technical changes are as follow:
— applying the latest EN 50130-4:2011, EMC for immunity tests;

— introducing the open type smoke detector and related test methods and requirements;

— removing Annex N, Additional requirements and test methods for smoke detectors with more than

one smoke sensor.
EN 54, Fire detection and fire alarm systems, consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: Introduction;
— Part 2: Control and indicating equipment;
— Part 3: Fire alarm devices — Sounders;
— Part 4: Power supply equipment;
— Part 5: Heat detectors — Point heat detectors;

— Part 7: Smoke detectors — Point smoke detectors that operate using scattered light, transmitted light

or ionization [the present document];
— Part 10: Flame detectors — Point detectors;
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SIST EN 54-7:2018
EN 54-7:2018 (E)
— Part 11: Manual call points;
— Part 12: Smoke detectors — Line detectors using an optical light beam;
— Part 13: Compatibility and connectability assessment of system components;

— Part 14: Guidelines for planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and maintenance [CEN

Technical Specification];
— Part 16: Voice alarm control and indicating equipment;
— Part 17: Short circuit isolators;
— Part 18: Input/output devices;
— Part 20: Aspirating smoke detectors;
— Part 21: Alarm transmission and fault warning routing equipment;
— Part 22: Resettable line-type heat detectors [currently at acceptance stage];
— Part 23: Fire alarm devices — Visual alarms devices;
— Part 24: Components of voice alarm systems — Loudspeakers;
— Part 25: Components using radio links;
— Part 26: Carbon monoxide detectors — Point smoke detectors;
— Part 27: Duct smoke detectors;
— Part 28: Non-resettable line type heat detectors;

— Part 29: Multi-sensor fire detectors — Point smoke detectors using a combination of smoke and heat

sensors;

— Part 30: Multi-sensor fire detectors — Point smoke detectors using a combination of carbon monoxide

and heat sensors;

— Part 31: Multi-sensor fire detectors — Point smoke detectors using a combination of smoke, carbon

monoxide and optionally heat sensors;

— Part 32: Planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and maintenance of voice alarm systems.

NOTE This list includes standards that are in preparation and other standards may be added. For current

status of published standards refer to www.cen.eu.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 54-7:2018
EN 54-7:2018 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies requirements, test methods and performance criteria for point smoke

detectors that operate using scattered light, transmitted light or ionization, intended for use in fire

detection and fire alarm systems installed in and around buildings (see EN 54-1:2011).

This European standard provides for the assessment of verification of constancy of performance (AVCP)

of point smoke detectors to this EN.

For other types of smoke detector, or smoke detectors working on different principles, this standard

should only be used for guidance. Smoke detectors with special characteristics and developed for

specific risks are not covered by this standard.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the ed
...

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