Safety requirements for lifting tables - Part 1: Lifting tables serving up to two fixed landings

1.1   This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for industrial lifting tables for raising and/or lowering goods and the operator(s):
-   where the lifting table does not pass a fixed landing;
-   serving not more than 2 fixed landings.
1.2   This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to lifting tables when they are used as intended by the operating instructions and under the conditions foreseen (including foreseeable misuse) with the operating instructions (see Clause 4). This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce the risks arising from the significant hazards.
1.3   Both power operated and manually operated lifting tables are included whether stationary or mobile.
1.4    This European Standard does not apply to the following equipment:
-   lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a building, for lifting goods with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-2);
-   lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a building for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-3);
-   lifting tables carrying operators and installed in full enclosures (EN 1570-3);
-   permanently and temporarily installed lifting tables, serving specific levels of a building for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 81-1 and EN 81-2);
-   lifting tables with flat or toothed belts lifting systems for the carrying of operators;
-   lifting tables whose vertical travel speed exceeds 0,15 m/s (unless safe by position and non person carrying);
-   power operated lifting platforms for persons with impaired mobility (EN 81-41);
-   mobile lifting tables for airport ground support equipment (EN 1915-2 and EN 12312 1);
-   lifting tables which are designed as part of a lift according to Directive (95/16/EC);
-   lifting tables used on ships;
-   mobile elevating work platforms (EN 280);
-   static elevating work platforms;
-   vehicle lifts for maintenance (EN 1493);
-   mobile lifting tables used for fire fighting (EN 1777);
-   mobile lifting tables used as fork lift trucks and order pickers;
-   mobile lifting tables with a horizontal travelling speed of more than 1,6 m/s;
-   rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (EN 528);
-   theatre stage lifts intended to move performers;
-   scissor lift pallet trucks (EN ISO 3691 5);
-   suspended lifting tables;
-   lifting tables operated by pushing chains.
1.5   This standard does not establish the additional requirements for:
-   electromagnetic compatibility;
-   operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer applications, strong magnetic fields);
-   operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines);
-   handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, especially brittle loads);
-   hazards occurring during construction, transportation and disposal;
-   equipment installed on the load platform or replacing it;
-   integration into systems or other machines, control from more than two control stations, etc.;
-   cable-less controls;
-   lifting tables where the hydraulic pressure is derived directly from gas pressure;
-   the power supply to the lifting table by internal combustion engine.

Sicherheitsanforderungen an Hubtische - Teil 1: Hubtische, die bis zu zwei feste Haltestellen anfahren

Diese Europäische Norm beschreibt Sicherheitsanforderungen für Industriehubtische zum Heben
und/oder Senken von Gütern und Bedienpersonen:
⎯ wobei der Hubtisch keine feste Haltestelle durchfährt;
⎯ wobei nicht mehr als 2 feste Haltestellen angefahren werden.
1.2 Diese Europäische Norm behandelt alle von Hubtischen ausgehenden signifikanten Gefährdungen,
wenn diese bestimmungsgemäß nach der Bedienungsanleitung und unter den darin vorgesehenen
Bedingungen (einschließlich vorhersehbarer Fehlanwendung) benutzt werden (siehe Abschnitt 4). Diese
Europäische Norm beschreibt die geeigneten technischen Maßnahmen zur Vermeidung oder Verminderung
der Risiken, die sich aus den zutreffenden Gefährdungen ergeben.
1.3 Sowohl kraftbetriebene als auch handbetriebene Hubtische, die ortsfest oder ortsveränderlich sein
können, werden erfasst.
1.4 Diese Europäische Norm findet keine Anwendung auf folgende Geräte:
⎯ Hubtische zum Heben von Gütern, die mehr als 2 Haltestellen eines Gebäudes anfahren und deren
Hubgeschwindigkeit 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-2) nicht überschreitet;
⎯ Hubtische zum Heben von Bedienungspersonen, die mehr als 2 Haltestellen eines Gebäudes anfahren
und deren Hubgeschwindigkeit 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-3) nicht überschreitet;
⎯ Hubtische zum Tragen von Bedienungspersonen mit einer vollständig eingebauten Einhausung
(EN 1570-3);
⎯ Dauerhaft und vorübergehend eingebaute Hubtische, die festgelegte Ebenen eines Gebäudes zum
Transportieren von Bedienpersonen anfahren, mit einer vertikalen Hubgeschwindigkeit, die 0,15 m/s
(EN 81-1 und EN 81-2) überschreitet;
⎯ Hubtische mit Flach- oder Zahnriemenantrieb zum Heben von Bedienpersonen;
⎯ Hubtische, deren Hubgeschwindigkeit 0,15 m/s überschreitet (es sei denn der Hubtisch ist sicher durch
die Einbauposition und es werden keine Personen transportiert);
⎯ Kraftbetriebene Hubplattformen für Behinderte (EN 81-41);
⎯ Fahrbare Hubtische als Flughafenbodengeräte (EN 1915-2 und EN 12312-1);
⎯ Hubtische, die als Teil eines Aufzuges nach der Aufzugsrichtlinie (95/16/EG) ausgelegt werden;
⎯ Hubtische für die Verwendung auf Schiffen;
⎯ Fahrbare Hubarbeitsbühnen (EN 280);
⎯ Feststehende Hubarbeitsbühnen;
⎯ Fahrzeughebebühnen für die Instandhaltung (EN 1493);
⎯ Fahrbare Hubtische zur Feuerbekämpfung (EN 1777);
⎯ Fahrbare Hubtische, die als Gabelstapler und Kommissionierhubwagen verwendet werden;
⎯ Fahrbare Hubtische mit einer horizontalen Fahrgeschwindigkeit von mehr als 1,6 m/s;

Prescriptions de sécurité des tables élévatrices - Partie 1 : Tables élévatrices desservant jusqu’à deux niveaux définis

1.1   La présente Norme européenne spécifie les prescriptions de sécurité applicables aux tables élévatrices industrielles utilisées pour monter et/ou descendre des marchandises et des opérateurs :
-   lorsque la table élévatrice ne traverse pas un palier fixe ;
-   lorsqu’elle dessert au maximum deux paliers fixes.
1.2   La présente Norme européenne traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux significatifs relatifs aux tables élévatrices utilisées comme prévu dans les instructions d’utilisation et dans les conditions prévues (y compris un mauvais usage prévisible) par les instructions d’utilisation (voir l’Article 4). La présente Norme européenne spécifie les mesures techniques appropriées pour éliminer ou réduire les risques émanant des phénomènes dangereux significatifs.
1.3   Elle vise à la fois les tables élévatrices motorisées et manuelles, qu’elles soient fixes ou mobiles.
1.4   La présente Norme européenne ne concerne pas les matériels suivants :
-   les tables élévatrices desservant plus de deux paliers fixes d’un bâtiment, utilisées pour transporter des marchandises, et dont la vitesse de déplacement vertical ne dépasse pas 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-2) ;
-   les tables élévatrices desservant plus de deux paliers fixes d’un bâtiment, utilisées pour transporter des opérateurs, et dont la vitesse de déplacement vertical ne dépasse pas 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-3) ;
-   les tables élévatrices transportant des opérateurs et installées dans des enceintes closes (EN 1570-3) ;
-   les tables élévatrices installées de manière permanente ou provisoire, desservant des niveaux spécifiques d’un bâtiment pour transporter des opérateurs, et dont la vitesse de déplacement vertical est supérieure à 0,15 m/s (EN 81-1 et EN 81-2) ;
-   les tables élévatrices avec des systèmes de levage par courroie crantée ou plate utilisés pour transporter des opérateurs ;
-   les tables élévatrices dont la vitesse de déplacement vertical est supérieure à 0,15 m/s (sauf si elles sont sûres de par leur position et ne transportent pas de personnes) ;
-   les plates-formes élévatrices motorisées à l’usage des personnes à mobilité réduite (EN 81-41) ;
-   les tables élévatrices mobiles destinées au matériel au sol pour aéronefs (EN 1915-2 et EN 12312-1) ;
-   les tables élévatrices conçues pour faire partie d’un ascenseur en vertu de la Directive (95/16/CE) ;
-   les tables élévatrices utilisées à bord de navires ;
-   les plates-formes de travail élévatrices mobiles (EN 280) ;
-   les plates-formes de travail élévatrices fixes ;
-   les élévateurs de véhicules pour la maintenance (EN 1493) ;
-   les tables élévatrices mobiles utilisées pour lutter contre les incendies (EN 1777) ;
-   les tables élévatrices mobiles utilisées comme chariots élévateurs à fourche et préparateurs de commandes ;
-   les tables élévatrices mobiles dont la vitesse de déplacement horizontal est supérieure à 1,6 m/s ;
-   les transtockeurs (EN 528) ;
-   les ascenseurs de théâtre destinés à déplacer des personnes ;
-   les transpalettes à ciseaux (EN ISO 3691-5) ;
-   les tables élévatrices suspendues ;
-   les tables élévatrices actionnées par des chaînes passeuses.
1.5   La présente norme ne fixe pas de prescriptions supplémentaires concernant :
-   la compatibilité électromagnétique ;
-   l’utilisation dans les conditions sévères (par exemple, climats extrêmes, applications dans les chambres froides, champs magnétiques élevés) ;
-   l’utilisation soumise à des règles spéciales (par exemple, atmosphères potentiellement explosives, mines) ;
-   la manutention de charges dont la nature pourrait engendrer des situations dangereuses (par exemple, métal fondu, acides, matériaux rayonnants, charges particulièrement fragiles) ;
-   les phénomènes dangereux engendrés lors d’opérations de construction, de transport ou de mise au rebut ;
(...).

Varnostne zahteve za dvižne mize - 1. del: Dvižne mize za dvigovanje do dveh stalnih nivojev

1.1 Ta evropski standard določa varnostne zahteve za industrijske dvižne mize za dviganje in/ali spuščanje blaga in upravljavcev:
– kadar dvižna miza ne prečka stalnega nivoja;
– za dvigovanje do največ dveh stalnih nivojev.
1.2 Ta evropski standard obravnava vsa večja tveganja, ki se nanašajo na dvižne mize, kadar se uporabljajo v skladu z namembnostjo v navodilih za uporabo in pod pogoji (vključno s predvidljivo nepravilno uporabo), ki jih predvidevajo navodila za uporabo (glej točko 4). Ta evropski standard določa ustrezne tehnične ukrepe za odpravljanje ali zmanjšanje tveganj, ki nastanejo pri resnih tveganjih.
1.3 Vključene so dvižne mize s pogonom in ročno upravljane dvižne mize, ki so nepremične ali premične.
1.4 Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za naslednjo opremo:
– dvižne mize za dvigovanje do več kot dveh stalnih nivojev stavbe, za dvigovanje blaga z navpično potovalno hitrostjo, ki ne presega 0,15 m/s (standard EN 1570-2);
– dvižne mize za dvigovanje do več kot dveh stalnih nivojev stavbe, za dvigovanje upravljavcev z navpično potovalno hitrostjo, ki ne presega 0,15 m/s (standard EN 1570-3);
– dvižne mize, ki prenašajo upravljavce in so vgrajene v popolnih ohišjih (standard EN 1570-3);
– stalno in začasno vgrajene dvižne mize za dvigovanje do posebnih nivojev stavbe, za dvigovanje upravljavcev z navpično potovalno hitrostjo, ki presega 0,15 m/s (standarda EN 81-1 in EN 81-2);
– dvižne mize z dvižnimi sistemi s ploščatimi ali zobatimi jermeni za prenašanje upravljavcev;
– dvižne mize z navpično potovalno hitrostjo, ki presega 0,15 m/s (razen če je varno zaradi položaja in ne prenašajo oseb);
– napajane dvižne ploščadi za osebe z omejenimi gibalnimi sposobnostmi (standard EN 81-41);
– premične dvižne mize za podporno opremo na tleh za letalski promet (standarda EN 1915-2 in EN 12312-1);
– dvižne mize, ki so zasnovane kot del dvigala v skladu z Direktivo 95/16/ES;
– dvižne mize, ki se uporabljajo na ladjah;
– premične dvižne delovne ploščadi (standard EN 280);
– statične dvižne delovne ploščadi;
– dvigala za servisiranje vozil za vzdrževanje (standard EN 1493);
– premične dvižne ploščadi za gasilske enote (standard EN 1777);
– premične dvižne ploščadi, ki se uporabljajo kot viličarji in stroji za pripravo blaga;
– premične dvižne ploščadi z vodoravno potovalno hitrostjo nad 1,6 m/s;
– regalna dvigala in opremo (standard EN 528);
– gledališka odrska dvigala za premikanje nastopajočih;
– vozila z dvižno ploščadjo (standard EN ISO 3691-5);
– viseče dvižne mize;
– dvižne mize, ki se jih upravlja prek verig.
1.5 Ta standard ne določa dodatnih zahtev za:
– elektromagnetno združljivost;
– obratovanje v težkih pogojih (npr. skrajne podnebne razmere, zmrzal, močna magnetna polja);
– postopke, za katere veljajo posebna pravila (npr. potencialno eksplozivne atmosfere, rudniki);
– ravnanje z nevarnimi tovori, ki lahko povzročijo nevarne razmere (npr. taljena kovina, kisline, sevajoči materiali, še posebej krhki tovori);
– nevarnosti, ki se pojavijo med gradnjo, prevozom in odstranitvijo;
– opremo, ki je nameščena na ploščad z bremenom ali jo nadomešča;
– vgraditev v sisteme ali druge stroje, krmiljenje prek več kot dveh nadzornih postaj itd.;
– krmiljenje brez kablov;
– dvižne mize, pri katerih hidravlični tlak izhaja neposredno iz plinskega tlaka;
– napajanje dvižne mize z motorjem z notranjim zgorevanjem.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
13-Nov-2014
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
08-Oct-2014
Due Date
13-Dec-2014
Completion Date
14-Nov-2014

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Varnostne zahteve za dvižne mize - 1. del: Dvižne mize za dvigovanje do dveh stalnih nivojevSicherheitsanforderungen an Hubtische - Teil 1: Hubtische, die bis zu zwei feste Haltestellen anfahrenPrescriptions de sécurité des tables élévatrices - Partie 1 : Tables élévatrices desservant jusqu’à deux niveaux définisSafety requirements for lifting tables - Part 1: Lifting tables serving up to two fixed landings53.020.99Druga dvigalna opremaOther lifting equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014SIST EN 1570-1:2012+A1:2014en,fr01-december-2014SIST EN 1570-1:2012+A1:2014SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 1570-1:2012+A1:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1570-1:2011+A1
October 2014 ICS 53.020.99 Supersedes EN 1570-1:2011English Version

Safety requirements for lifting tables - Part 1: Lifting tables serving up to two fixed landings

Prescriptions de sécurité des tables élévatrices - Partie 1 : Tables élévatrices desservant jusqu'à deux niveaux définis Sicherheitsanforderungen an Hubtische - Teil 1: Hubtische, die bis zu zwei feste Haltestellen anfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 September 2011 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 11 August 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014 ESIST EN 1570-1:2012+A1:2014

EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................5 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................6 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................7 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................8 4 List of hazards ..................................................................................................................................... 11 5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures ........................................................................... 17 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 17 5.1.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 17 5.1.2 Calculations ......................................................................................................................................... 17 5.1.3 Stability ................................................................................................................................................ 20 5.2 Safeguarding ....................................................................................................................................... 20 5.3 Speeds ................................................................................................................................................. 35 5.4 Platform ............................................................................................................................................... 35 5.5 Operator position ................................................................................................................................ 36 5.6 Mobile lifting tables ............................................................................................................................ 37 5.7 Mechanical driving system ................................................................................................................ 40 5.7.1 Rope drives ......................................................................................................................................... 40 5.7.2 Chain drives ........................................................................................................................................ 40 5.7.3 Screw drives ........................................................................................................................................ 41 5.7.4 Rack and pinions drives .................................................................................................................... 41 5.7.5 Flat belt drives ..................................................................................................................................... 42 5.7.6 Toothed belt drives ............................................................................................................................. 42 5.7.7 Manually driven drives ....................................................................................................................... 42 5.7.8 Additional requirements .................................................................................................................... 43 5.8 Hydraulic system ................................................................................................................................ 43 5.9 Pneumatic system .............................................................................................................................. 45 5.10 Electrical system................................................................................................................................. 46 5.10.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 46 5.10.2 IP code ................................................................................................................................................. 46 5.11 Safety devices ..................................................................................................................................... 46 6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or measures .............................................................. 46 6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 46 6.2 Design check ....................................................................................................................................... 49 6.3 Manufacturing check .......................................................................................................................... 50 6.4 Visual inspection ................................................................................................................................ 50 6.5 Practical tests ...................................................................................................................................... 50 6.6 Electrical tests ..................................................................................................................................... 50 6.7 Individual final verification before putting into service .................................................................. 50 7 Information for use ............................................................................................................................. 50 7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 50 7.2 Marking ................................................................................................................................................ 51 7.3 Signs .................................................................................................................................................... 51 7.4 Accompanying documents ................................................................................................................ 52 7.4.1 Instructions for use ............................................................................................................................ 52 7.4.2 Instructions for installation ............................................................................................................... 53 SIST EN 1570-1:2012+A1:2014

EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014 (E) 3 7.5 Instructions for maintenance and inspection................................................................................... 54 Annex A (informative)

Overloading ................................................................................................................. 55 Annex B (normative)

Noise .............................................................................................................................. 56 Annex C (normative)

Test procedures ............................................................................................................ 57 C.1 Practical testing procedure ................................................................................................................ 57 Annex D (informative)

Controls ....................................................................................................................... 58 D.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 58 D.2 Requirements according to 5.5.3 ....................................................................................................... 58 D.3 Requirements according to 5.5.4 ....................................................................................................... 58 D.4 Requirements according to 5.5.5 ....................................................................................................... 59 Annex E (normative)

Manual force measurement methods ......................................................................... 62 E.1 Driving the lifting table ........................................................................................................................ 62 E.1.1 Maximum allowed forces for mobile lifting tables ........................................................................... 62 E.1.2 Conditions for test ............................................................................................................................... 62 E.1.3 Measurement of starting force and rolling force ............................................................................. 62 E.1.4 The maximum starting force .............................................................................................................. 62 E.1.5 The maximum rolling force................................................................................................................. 62 E.1.6 Average forces ..................................................................................................................................... 62 E.2 Lifting and lowering ............................................................................................................................ 62 E.2.1 Hand or foot forces ............................................................................................................................. 62 Annex F (informative)

Signs ............................................................................................................................. 64 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC ........................................................................................ 65 Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 66

SIST EN 1570-1:2012+A1:2014

EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 98 “Lifting tables”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2015, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by April 2015. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 11 August 2014. This document supersedes !EN 1570-1:2011". The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !". This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. The revisions to the standard are based mainly on the following points: - the incorporation of essential health and safety requirements of the relevant EU Directives; - the elimination of obvious errors; - the incorporation of proposals resulting from interpretation requests dealing with the improvement relative to the progress in technology; - the improvement of references to other standards according to improvements in the field. The revision of this standard is needed because of the change of the relevant scope and relationship of the machinery and lift Directives. Part 1 of this standard deals with the protection at landings and safety requirements of lifting tables serving up to two fixed landings. Part 2 will deal with slow lifting tables serving more than 2 fixed landings for accessible only goods lifts and Part 3 will deal with slow lifting tables serving more than 2 fixed landings for operator carrying lifts. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 1570-1:2012+A1:2014

EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014 (E) 5 Introduction This European Standard is a Type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100. The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events are covered are indicated in the scope of this European Standard. As lifting tables are used in a wide range of applications it is also essential to make individual risk assessments in accordance with EN ISO 12100 for the actual operating conditions. Products sold indirectly to end users should be made for all the risks, which are related to the use and conditions foreseen by the manufacturer, as described in the instruction manual. While producing this standard, it was assumed that: — only trained operators using the equipment in accordance with manufacturers instructions operate the lifting tables and that the working area is adequately lit; — lifting tables are operating on substantially firm, smooth, even and prepared surfaces. It is not necessary to consider centrifugal forces specifically as the current requirements consider all lateral forces; — where there is a special requirement for a low noise level, e.g. hospital applications, theatre applications etc. this will be specified by the customer and appropriate measures taken by the manufacturer. When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard. SIST EN 1570-1:2012+A1:2014

EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014 (E) 6 1 Scope 1.1 This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for industrial lifting tables for raising and/or lowering goods and the operator(s): — where the lifting table does not pass a fixed landing; — serving not more than 2 fixed landings. 1.2 This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to lifting tables when they are used as intended by the operating instructions and under the conditions foreseen (including foreseeable misuse) with the operating instructions (see Clause 4). This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce the risks arising from the significant hazards. 1.3 Both power operated and manually operated lifting tables are included whether stationary or mobile. 1.4

This European Standard does not apply to the following equipment: — lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a building, for lifting goods with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-2); — lifting tables, serving more than 2 fixed landings of a building for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed not exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 1570-3); — lifting tables carrying operators and installed in full enclosures (EN 1570-3); — permanently and temporarily installed lifting tables, serving specific levels of a building for lifting operators, with a vertical travel speed exceeding 0,15 m/s (EN 81-1 and EN 81-2); — lifting tables with flat or toothed belts lifting systems for the carrying of operators; — lifting tables whose vertical travel speed exceeds 0,15 m/s (unless safe by position and non person carrying); — power operated lifting platforms for persons with impaired mobility (EN 81-41); — mobile lifting tables for airport ground support equipment (EN 1915-2 and EN 12312-1); — lifting tables which are designed as part of a lift according to Directive (95/16/EC); — lifting tables used on ships; — mobile elevating work platforms (EN 280); — static elevating work platforms; — vehicle lifts for maintenance (EN 1493); — mobile lifting tables used for fire fighting (EN 1777); — mobile lifting tables used as fork lift trucks and order pickers; — mobile lifting tables with a horizontal travelling speed of more than 1,6 m/s; — rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment (EN 528); SIST EN 1570-1:2012+A1:2014

EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014 (E) 7 — theatre stage lifts intended to move performers; — scissor lift pallet trucks (EN ISO 3691-5); — suspended lifting tables; — lifting tables operated by pushing chains. 1.5 This standard does not establish the additional requirements for: — electromagnetic compatibility; — operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer applications, strong magnetic fields); — operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines); — handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, especially brittle loads); — hazards occurring during construction, transportation and disposal; — equipment installed on the load platform or replacing it; — integration into systems or other machines, control from more than two control stations, etc.; — cable-less controls; — lifting tables where the hydraulic pressure is derived directly from gas pressure; — the power supply to the lifting table by internal combustion engine. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 1088:1995+A2:2008, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for design and selection EN 13241-1:2003+A1:2011, Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates — Product standard — Part 1: Products without fire resistance or smoke control characteristics EN 60204-1:2006, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60204-1:2005, modified) EN 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989) EN 60947-5-1, Low-voltage switchgear and control gear — Part 5-1: Control circuit devices and switching elements — Electromechanical control circuit devices (IEC 60947-5-1:2003) EN 60947-5-3, Low-voltage switchgear and control gear — Part 5-3: Control circuit devices and switching elements — Requirements for proximity devices with defined behaviour under fault conditions (PDF) (IEC 60947-5-3:1999) SIST EN 1570-1:2012+A1:2014

EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014 (E) 8 EN 61310-1, Safety of machinery — Indication, marking and actuation — Part 1: Requirements for visual, acoustic and tactile signals (IEC 61310-1:2007) EN 61310-2, Safety of machinery — Indication, marking and actuation — Part 2: Requirements for marking (IEC 61310-2:2007) EN 61310-3, Safety of machinery — Indication, marking and actuation — Part 3: Requirements for the location and operation of actuators (IEC 61310-3:2007) EN 61496-1, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 1: General requirements and tests (IEC 61496-1:2004, modified) CLC/TS 61496-2:2006, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 2: Particular requirements for equipment using active opto-electronic protective devices (AOPDs) (IEC 61496-2:2006) EN ISO 4413, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components (ISO 4413:2010) EN ISO 4414, Pneumatic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components (ISO 4414:2010) EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk reduction (ISO 12100:2010) EN ISO 13849-1:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2006) EN ISO 13850:2008, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop — Principles for design (ISO 13850:2006) EN ISO 13857, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008) EN ISO 14122-3:2001, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 3: Stairs, stepladders and guard-rails (ISO 14122-3:2001) ISO 606, Short-pitch transmission precision roller and bush chains, attachments and associated chain sprockets ISO 2408, Steel wire ropes for general purposes — Minimum requirements ISO 4301-1, Cranes and lifting appliances — Classification — Part 1: General ISO 4308-1, Cranes and lifting appliances — Selection of wire ropes — Part 1: General ISO 4308-2, Cranes and lifting appliances — Selection of wire ropes — Part 2: Mobile cranes — Coefficient of utilization ISO 11228-1, Ergonomics — Manual handling — Part 1: Lifting and carrying ISO 11228-2, Ergonomics — Manual handling — Part 2: Pushing and pulling 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the following apply. SIST EN 1570-1:2012+A1:2014

EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014 (E) 9 3.1 lifting table load lifting device with a load supporting platform rigidly guided throughout its travel (e.g. guided by its own mechanism) 3.2 fixed lifting table lifting table where the place of installation is not intended by the manufacturer to be changed 3.3 movable lifting table lifting table installed so that the place of installation may be readily changed 3.4 mobile lifting table lifting table which is mobile by one or more integrated devices (e.g. wheels, air cushions etc.) 3.5 guided mobile lifting table lifting table which runs on a pre-set route, (e.g. on rails, in tracks etc.) 3.6 self-propelled lifting table lifting table, other than vehicle mounted, which is capable of horizontal movement under its own power 3.7 automatic programme controlled lifting table lifting table designed for the lifting of goods only where movement takes place that is not initiated by hold-to run manual controls (e.g. self levelling, etc.) 3.8 platform part of the lifting table (including connecting/bridging plate) designed to accommodate the working load and/or persons; fork arms are considered as a load platform for goods only 3.9 vertical travel vertical distance between the highest and the lowest working position for which the lifting table is designed 3.10 rated load load that the manufacturer has guaranteed that the machine will lift when used in accordance with the instruction handbook 3.11 guard part of the machine specifically used to provide protection by means of a physical barrier 3.12 safe by position condition when a lifting table or part of a lifting table is sufficiently shielded from access to avoid any hazard to persons or goods 3.13 emergency stop control component of emergency stop equipment which generates the emergency stop signal when the associated manual control (actuator) is operated SIST EN 1570-1:2012+A1:2014

EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014 (E) 10 3.14 operator carrying lift table lifting table whose platform is entered by operator(s) for the purpose of loading or unloading or on which an operator may travel and is provided with controls on the platform 3.15 maximum working pressure highest pressure in the hydraulic or pneumatic system or part of system at which it is intended to operate under normal working conditions with rated load 3.16 operator person who is trained to operate the lifting table safely according to the manufacturer’s instructions 3.17 remote control cable-connected control that is not situated on the platform of the lifting table 3.18 restricted area area to which access is restricted only to persons who are authorized to be in that area and not accessible to the general public 3.19 travel zone space through which the lifting mechanism and load, platform and any attachment to it moves 3.20 public areas areas to which the public have access 3.21 hinged connecting plate plate mounted to the edge of the platform by a hinge to connect the platform to a landing 3.22 unassisted hinged connecting plate hinged connecting plate that is entirely manually operated 3.23 assisted hinged connecting plate hinged connecting plate that is counterbalanced by spring force or weights to reduce the manual effort of operating the plate 3.24 power actuated hinged connecting plate hinged connecting plate that requires no manual effort to operate 3.25 split hinged connecting plate hinged connecting plate that is divided into two or more sections 3.26 full enclosure where the whole of the travel zone of the lifting table is protected with rigid panels to make the lifting table inaccessible whilst in operation SIST EN 1570-1:2012+A1:2014

EN 1570-1:2011+A1:2014 (E) 11 4 List of hazards The list of hazards according to the following table is based on EN ISO 12100. The table has been formulated to show the hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events which have been identified by risk assessment to be relevant for this type of machinery and which require action to eliminate or reduce risk. Table 1a — List of hazards No. Type or group Examples of hazards Clause number in this standard Origin a Potential

consequences b 1 Mechanical hazards Acceleration, deceleration

(kinetic energy) Being run over Being thrown Crushing Cutting or severing Drawing-in or trapping Entanglement Friction or abrasion Impact Injection Shearing Slipping, tripping and falling Stabbing or puncture Suffocation 5.1.2.6, 5.1.2.7, 5.3.2, Angular parts 5.2.1, 5.2.5, 5.2.10.1 Approach of a moving element to a fixed part 5.2.1, 5.2.2.2.3, 5.2.2.3.1, 5.2.2.5, !5.2.3/5.2.4/5.2.5", 5.2.10.3, 5.2.10.6 Cutting parts 5.2.5 Elastic elements 5.9.7, 7.2.6 Falling objects 5.2.9, 5.2.10.11, 5.2.12, 5.4.2 Gravity (stored energy) 5.1.2.7 Height from the ground 5.2.9, !5.2.11/5.2.12" High pressure !5.8.2/5.8.3", 5.8.4.1, 5.8.8, !5.9.3/5.9.4/5.9.5/5.9.6/5.9.7/5.9.9", 7.3.5, 7.5.7 Machinery mobility 5.3.2, 5.5.1, 5.6 Moving elements !5.2.2.2/5.2.2.3/5.2.2.4/5.2.2.5/5.2.2.6", !5.2.5/5.2.6/5.2.7", 5.6 Rotating elements 5.2.11, 5.2.12.2, !5.2.13.3/5.2.13.4", 5.3.3, 5.4.4 Rough, slippery surface 5.2.5, 5.4.1, 5.4.4 Sharp edges 5.2.5, 5.2.10.13, 5.7.5.4, D.4 d) Stability 5.1.3, 6

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