Road traffic noise reducing devices - Test method for determining the acoustic performance - Part 6: Intrinsic characteristics - In situ values of airborne sound insulation under direct sound field conditions

This document describes a test method for measuring a quantity representative of the intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation for traffic noise reducing devices: the sound insulation index.
The test method is intended for the following applications:
-   determination of the intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation of noise reducing devices to be installed along roads, to be measured either in situ or in laboratory conditions;
-   determination of the in situ intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation of noise reducing devices in actual use;
-   comparison of design specifications with actual performance data after the completion of the construction work;
-   verification of the long term performance of noise reducing devices (with a repeated application of the method);
-   interactive design process of new products, including the formulation of installation manuals.
The test method is not intended for the determination of the intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation of noise reducing devices to be installed in reverberant conditions, e.g. inside tunnels or deep trenches or under covers.
Results are expressed as a function of frequency in one-third octave bands, where possible, between 100 Hz and 5 kHz. If it is not possible to get valid measurement results over the whole frequency range indicated, the results will be given in a restricted frequency range and the reasons for the restriction(s) will be clearly reported.

Lärmschutzvorrichtungen an Straßen - Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung der akustischen Eigenschaften - Teil 6: Produktspezifische Merkmale - In-situ-Werte der Luftschalldämmung in gerichteten Schallfeldern

Diese Europäische Norm beschreibt ein Prüfverfahren zur Messung einer Größe, die für die produkt-spezifischen Merkmale der Luftschalldämmung von Lärmschutzvorrichtungen charakteristisch ist: den Schalldämmungsindex.
Das Prüfverfahren ist für die folgenden Anwendungen vorgesehen:
-   Bestimmung der produktspezifischen Merkmale der Luftschalldämmung von Lärmschutzvorrichtungen, die entlang von Straßen einzubauen sind und die in situ oder unter Prüfstandbedingungen zu messen sind;
-   Bestimmung der in situ gegebenen produktspezifischen Merkmale der Luftschalldämmung von Lärmschutzvorrichtungen im tatsächlichen Einsatz;
-   Vergleich der Bemessungsfestlegungen mit den tatsächlichen Leistungsdaten nach Abschluss der Bauarbeiten;
-   Überprüfung der Langzeitwirksamkeit von Lärmschutzvorrichtungen (durch wiederholtes Anwenden des Verfahrens);
-   interaktiver Bemessungsprozess von neuen Produkten, einschließlich der Formulierung von Einbauanleitungen.
Das Prüfverfahren ist nicht für die Bestimmung der produktspezifischen Eigenschaften der Luftschall-dämmung von Lärmschutzvorrichtungen vorgesehen, die in halligen Schallfeldern einzubauen sind, z. B. innerhalb von Tunneln, in ausgeprägten Tieflagen oder unter Abdeckungen.
Ergebnisse werden als Funktion der Frequenz in Terzbändern zwischen 100 Hz und 5 kHz angegeben, wo möglich. Falls kein gültiges Messergebnis über den gesamten Frequenzbereich zu gewinnen ist, müssen die Ergebnisse im eingeschränkten Frequenzbereich zusammen mit den Gründen der Einschränkung(en) klar angegeben werden.

Dispositifs de réduction du bruit du trafic routier - Méthode d'essai pour la détermination de la performance acoustique - Partie 6 : Caractéristiques intrinsèques - Valeurs in situ d'isolation aux bruits aériens dans des conditions de champ acoustique direct

Le présent document décrit une méthode d'essai permettant de mesurer une grandeur représentative des caractéristiques intrinsèques de l'isolation aux bruits aériens des dispositifs de réduction du bruit du trafic routier : l'indice d'isolation acoustique.
La méthode d'essai est destinée aux applications suivantes :
-   la détermination des caractéristiques intrinsèques d'isolation aux bruits aériens de dispositifs de réduction du bruit destinés à être installés le long des routes, à mesurer sur site ou dans des conditions de laboratoire ;
-   la détermination des caractéristiques intrinsèques sur site d'isolation aux bruits aériens de dispositifs de réduction du bruit en service ;
-   la comparaison des spécifications de conception avec des données de performance réelles de l'ouvrage de construction achevé ;
-   la vérification des performances à long terme de dispositifs de réduction du bruit (par l'application répétée de la méthode) ;
-   un processus interactif de conception de nouveaux produits, y compris la formulation des manuels d'installation.
La méthode d'essai n'est pas destinée à la détermination des caractéristiques intrinsèques d'isolation aux bruits aériens de dispositifs de réduction du bruit destinés à être installés dans des conditions réverbérantes, par exemple à l'intérieur de tunnels ou de tranchées profondes ou sous des couvertures.
Les résultats sont exprimés en fonction de la fréquence, par bandes de tiers d'octave, si possible, entre 100 Hz et 5 kHz. S'il est impossible d'obtenir des résultats de mesure valables sur toute la plage de fréquences indiquée, les résultats seront donnés pour la plage de fréquences réduite et les raisons de la ou des restriction(s) seront clairement consignées.

Protihrupne ovire za cestni promet - Preskusna metoda za ugotavljanje akustičnih lastnosti - 6. del: Bistvene karakteristike - Terenske vrednosti izolirnosti pred zvokom v zraku pri usmerjenem zvočnem polju

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
24-May-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
22-Mar-2021
Due Date
27-May-2021
Completion Date
25-May-2021

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
English language
50 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
01-julij-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1793-6:2018
Protihrupne ovire za cestni promet - Preskusna metoda za ugotavljanje akustičnih

lastnosti - 6. del: Bistvene karakteristike - Terenske vrednosti izolirnosti pred

zvokom v zraku pri usmerjenem zvočnem polju
Road traffic noise reducing devices - Test method for determining the acoustic

performance - Part 6: Intrinsic characteristics - In situ values of airborne sound insulation

under direct sound field conditions

Lärmschutzvorrichtungen an Straßen - Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung der akustischen

Eigenschaften - Teil 6: Produktspezifische Merkmale - In-situ-Werte der
Luftschalldämmung in gerichteten Schallfeldern

Dispositifs de réduction du bruit du trafic routier - Méthode d'essai pour la détermination

de la performance acoustique - Partie 6 : Caractéristiques intrinsèques - Valeurs in situ

d'isolation aux bruits aériens dans des conditions de champ acoustique direct
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
ICS:
17.140.30 Emisija hrupa transportnih Noise emitted by means of
sredstev transport
93.080.30 Cestna oprema in pomožne Road equipment and
naprave installations
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
EN 1793-6:2018+A1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 17.140.30; 93.080.30
English Version
Road traffic noise reducing devices - Test method for
determining the acoustic performance - Part 6: Intrinsic
characteristics - In situ values of airborne sound insulation
under direct sound field conditions

Dispositifs de réduction du bruit du trafic routier - Lärmschutzvorrichtungen an Straßen - Prüfverfahren

Méthode d'essai pour la détermination de la zur Bestimmung der akustischen Eigenschaften - Teil

performance acoustique - Partie 6 : Caractéristiques 6: Produktspezifische Merkmale - In-situ-Werte der

intrinsèques - Valeurs in situ d'isolation aux bruits Luftschalldämmung in gerichteten Schallfeldern

aériens dans des conditions de champ acoustique
direct

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 February 2018 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 17 August

2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Sound insulation index measurements ................................................................................................ 12

4.1 General principle .......................................................................................................................................... 12

4.2 Measured quantity ....................................................................................................................................... 12

4.3 Test arrangement ......................................................................................................................................... 13

4.4 Measuring equipment ................................................................................................................................ 18

4.4.1 Components of the measuring system .................................................................................................. 18

4.4.2 Sound source .................................................................................................................................................. 18

4.4.3 Test signal ....................................................................................................................................................... 18

4.5 Data processing ............................................................................................................................................. 19

4.5.1 Calibration ...................................................................................................................................................... 19

4.5.2 Sample rate ..................................................................................................................................................... 19

4.5.3 Background noise ........................................................................................................................................ 20

4.5.4 Scanning technique using a single microphone ................................................................................ 20

4.5.5 Scanning technique using nine microphones .................................................................................... 20

4.5.6 Adrienne temporal window ..................................................................................................................... 21

4.5.7 Placement of the Adrienne temporal window ................................................................................... 22

4.5.8 Low frequency limit and sample size .................................................................................................... 23

4.6 Positioning of the measuring equipment ............................................................................................ 24

4.6.1 Selection of the measurement positions.............................................................................................. 24

4.6.2 Post measurements ..................................................................................................................................... 25

4.6.3 Additional measurements......................................................................................................................... 25

4.6.4 Reflecting objects ......................................................................................................................................... 25

4.6.5 Safety considerations.................................................................................................................................. 25

4.7 Sample surface and meteorological conditions ................................................................................ 26

4.7.1 Condition of the sample surface ............................................................................................................. 26

4.7.2 Wind .................................................................................................................................................................. 26

4.7.3 Air temperature ............................................................................................................................................ 26

4.8 Single-number rating .................................................................................................................................. 26

4.8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 26

4.8.2 Acoustic elements ........................................................................................................................................ 26

4.8.3 Posts .................................................................................................................................................................. 27

4.8.4 Global ................................................................................................................................................................ 27

5 Measurement uncertainty ........................................................................................................................ 28

6 Measuring procedure ................................................................................................................................. 28

7 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 29

Annex A (informative) Categorization of single-number rating .............................................................. 31

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021 (E)

Annex B (informative) Guidance note on use of the single-number rating .......................................... 32

Annex C (informative) Measurement uncertainty ......................................................................................... 33

C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 33

C.2 Measurement uncertainty based upon reproducibility data ....................................................... 33

C.3 Standard deviation of repeatability and reproducibility of the sound insulation

index .................................................................................................................................................................. 33

Annex D (informative) Template of test report on airborne sound insulation of road traffic

noise reducing devices ................................................................................................................................ 36

D.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 36

D.2 Test setup (example) ................................................................................................................................... 38

D.3 Test object and test situation (example).............................................................................................. 39

D.4 Results (example) ......................................................................................................................................... 42

D.4.1 Part 1 – Results for ‘element’ in tabular form .................................................................................... 42

D.4.2 Part 2 – Results for ‘element’ in graphic form .................................................................................... 43

D.4.3 Part 3 – Results for ‘post’ in tabular form ............................................................................................ 43

D.4.4 Part 4 – Results for ‘post’ in graphic form............................................................................................ 44

D.4.5 Part 5 – Results for global condition (average of ‘element’ and ‘post’) in tabular form ..... 45

D.4.6 Part 6 – Results for global condition (average of ‘element’ and ‘post’) in graphic form ..... 46

D.5 Uncertainty (example) ................................................................................................................................ 46

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 49

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 226

“Road equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2021, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 06 January 2020.
This document supersedes !EN 1793-6:2018".
!Deleted text"

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !".

EN 1793-6 is part of a series of documents and will be read in conjunction with the following:

— EN 1793-1, Road traffic noise reducing devices - Test method for determining the acoustic

performance - Part 1: Intrinsic characteristics of sound absorption under diffuse sound field

conditions;

— EN 1793-2, Road traffic noise reducing devices - Test method for determining the acoustic

performance - Part 2: Intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation under diffuse sound field

conditions;

— EN 1793-3, Road traffic noise reducing devices - Test method for determining the acoustic

performance - Part 3: Normalized traffic noise spectrum;

— EN 1793-4, Road traffic noise reducing devices - Test method for determining the acoustic

performance - Part 4: Intrinsic characteristics - In situ values of sound diffraction;

— EN 1793-5, Road traffic noise reducing devices - Test method for determining the acoustic

performance - Part 5: Intrinsic characteristics - In situ values of sound reflection under direct sound

field conditions.

This European Standard has been prepared, under the direction of Technical Committee CEN/TC 226

“Road equipment”, by Working Group 6 “Noise reducing devices”.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021 (E)
Introduction

Noise reducing devices alongside roads should provide adequate sound insulation so that sound

transmitted through the device is not significant compared with the sound diffracted over the top. This

document specifies a test method for assessing the intrinsic airborne sound insulation performance for

noise reducing devices designed for roads in non-reverberant conditions. It can be applied in situ,

i.e. where the noise reducing devices are installed. The method can be applied without damaging the

surface of the noise reducing device.

The method can be used to qualify products to be installed along roads as well as to verify the

compliance of installed noise reducing devices to design specifications. Regular application of the

method can be used to verify the long term performance of noise reducing devices.

The method requires the averaging of results of measurements taken at different points behind the

device under test. The method is able to investigate flat and non-flat products.

The method uses the same principles and equipment for measuring sound reflection (see EN 1793-5)

and airborne sound insulation (the present document).

The measurement results of this method for airborne sound insulation are comparable but not identical

with the results of the EN 1793-2 method, mainly because the present method uses a directional sound

field, while the EN 1793-2 method assumes a diffuse sound field (where all angles of incidence are

equally probable). Research studies suggest that good correlation exists between laboratory data,

measured according to EN 1793-2 and field data, measured according to the method described in the

present document [4], [5], [6], [7], [15].

The test method described in this document should not be used to determine the intrinsic

characteristics of airborne sound insulation for noise reducing devices to be installed in reverberant

conditions, e.g. inside tunnels or deep trenches or under covers.

For the purpose of this document, reverberant conditions are defined based on the geometric envelope,

e, across the road formed by the barriers, trench sides or buildings (the envelope does not include the

road surface) as shown by the dashed lines in Figure 1. Conditions are defined as being reverberant

when the percentage of open space in the envelope is less than or equal to 25 %, i.e. reverberant

conditions occur when w/e ≤ 0,25, where e = (w+h +h ).
1 2

This document introduces a specific quantity, called sound insulation index, to define the airborne

sound insulation of a noise reducing device. This quantity should not be confused with the sound

reduction index used in building acoustics, sometimes also called transmission loss.

NOTE This method can be used to qualify noise reducing devices for other applications, e.g. to be installed

nearby industrial sites. In this case, the single-number ratings can preferably be calculated using an appropriate

spectrum.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021 (E)

a) Partial cover on both sides of the road; b) Partial cover on one side of the road;

envelope, e = w+h +h envelope, e = w+h
1 2 1
c) Deep trench; d) Tall barriers or buildings;
envelope, e = w+h +h envelope, e = w+h +h
1 2 1 2
Key
r road surface
w width of open space
h Developed length of element, e.g. cover, trench side, barrier or building
h Developed length of element, e.g. cover, trench side, barrier or building
NOTE Figure 1 is not to scale.
Figure 1 — Sketch of the reverberant condition check in four cases
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021 (E)
1 Scope

This document describes a test method for measuring a quantity representative of the intrinsic

characteristics of airborne sound insulation for traffic noise reducing devices: the sound insulation

index.
The test method is intended for the following applications:

— determination of the intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation of noise reducing devices

to be installed along roads, to be measured either in situ or in laboratory conditions;

— determination of the in situ intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound insulation of noise reducing

devices in actual use;

— comparison of design specifications with actual performance data after the completion of the

construction work;

— verification of the long term performance of noise reducing devices (with a repeated application of

the method);

— interactive design process of new products, including the formulation of installation manuals.

The test method is not intended for the determination of the intrinsic characteristics of airborne sound

insulation of noise reducing devices to be installed in reverberant conditions, e.g. inside tunnels or deep

trenches or under covers.

Results are expressed as a function of frequency in one-third octave bands, where possible, between

100 Hz and 5 kHz. If it is not possible to get valid measurement results over the whole frequency range

indicated, the results will be given in a restricted frequency range and the reasons for the restriction(s)

will be clearly reported.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 1793-3, Road traffic noise reducing devices - Test method for determining the acoustic performance –

Part 3: Normalized traffic noise spectrum

EN 61672-1, Electroacoustics - Sound level meters – Part 1: Specifications (IEC 61672 1)

ISO/IEC Guide 98-3, Uncertainty of measurement – Part 3: Guide to the expression of uncertainty in

measurement (GUM:1995)
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
noise reducing device

device that is designed to reduce the propagation of traffic noise away from the road environment

Note 1 to entry: This may be a noise barrier, cladding, a road cover or an added device. These devices may

include both acoustic and structural elements.
3.2
acoustical element

element whose primary function is to provide the acoustic performance of the device

3.3
structural element
element whose primary function is to support or hold in place acoustic elements
3.4
sound insulation index
result of airborne sound insulation test described by Formula (1)
3.5
reference height

height h equal to half the height, h , of the noise reducing device under test: h = h /2 (see Figures 2

S B S B
and 3)

Note 1 to entry: When the height of the device under test is greater than 4 m and, for practical reasons, it is not

advisable to have a height of the source h = h /2, it is possible to have h = 2 m, accepting the corresponding low

S B S
frequency limitation (see 4.5.8).
3.6
source reference plane

plane facing the sound source side of the noise reducing

device and touching the most protruding parts of the device under test within the tested area

(see Figures 2, 4 and 9)

Note 1 to entry: The device under test includes both structural and acoustic elements.

3.7
microphone reference plane

plane facing the receiver side of the noise reducing device and touching the most protruding parts of the

device under test within the tested area (see Figures 4 and 9)

Note 1 to entry: The device under test includes both structural and acoustic elements.

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021 (E)
3.8
source reference position

position facing the side to be exposed to noise when the device is in place, located at the reference

height h and placed so that its horizontal distance to the source reference plane is d = 1 m

S s
(see Figures 2, 5, 8 and 9)

Note 1 to entry: The actual dimensions of the loudspeaker used for the background research on which this

document is based are: 0,40 m x 0,285 m x 0,285 m (length x width x height).
3.9
measurement grid for sound insulation index measurements
vertical measurement grid constituted of nine equally spaced points

Note 1 to entry: A microphone is placed at each point (see Figures 3, 5, 6, 8, 9 and 4.5.4 and 4.5.5).

3.10
barrier thickness

distance t between the source reference plane and the

microphone reference plane at a height equal to the reference height h (see Figures 4, 8 and 9)

3.11
free-field measurement

measurement taken with the loudspeaker and the

microphone in an acoustic free field in order to avoid reflections from any nearby object, including the

ground (see Figure 6)
3.12
Adrienne temporal window
composite temporal window described in 4.5.6
3.13
background noise
noise coming from sources other than the source emitting the test signal
3.14
signal-to-noise ratio, S/N

difference in decibels between the level of the test signal and the level of the background noise at the

moment of detection of the test signal (within the Adrienne temporal window)
3.15
impulse response

time signal at the output of a system when a Dirac function is applied to the input

Note 1 to entry: The Dirac function, also called δ function, is the mathematical idealization of a signal that is

infinitely short in time which carries a unit amount of energy.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021 (E)
Key
1 source reference plane 4 loudspeaker front panel

2 noise reducing device height, h [m] 5 distance between the loudspeaker front panel and source

reference plane, d [m]
3 reference height, h [m]

Figure 2 — Sketch of the loudspeaker-microphone assembly in front of the noise reducing device

under test for sound insulation index measurements (not to scale)

a) Measurement grid for sound insulation index b) Numbering of the measurement points

measurements as seen from the receiver (not to as seen from the receiver (not to scale)

scale)
Key
1 noise reducing device height, h (m)
2 reference height, h (m)
3 orthogonal spacing between two adjacent microphones, s (m)
Figure 3 — Measurement points as seen from the receiver
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021 (E)
Key
1 sound source reference plane 4 noise reducing device height, h [m]
2 microphone reference plane 5 reference height, h [m]
3 noise reducing device thickness, t , at height h [m]
B S
Figure 4— Sound source and microphone reference planes (side view, not to scale)
Key
M measurement grid h noise reducing device height (m)

s distance between two vertical or horizontal d horizontal distance [loudspeaker - source

microphones in the grid reference plane] at height h
h reference height d horizontal distance [microphone 5 - microphone
S M
reference plane] at height h

Figure 5 — Placement of the sound source and measurement grid for sound insulation index

measurement (side view, not to scale)
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021
EN 1793-6:2018+A1:2021 (E)
Key
S loudspeaker front panel t noise reducing device thickness at height h
B S
M measurement grid d horizontal distance [microphone 5 - microphone
reference plane] at height h
h reference height d horizontal distance [loudspeaker –
S T
microphone 5] at height h
d horizontal distance [loudspeaker - source
reference plane] at height h
NOTE d= dt++ d ; see Formula (3).
T SB M

Figure 6 — Sketch of the set-up for the reference “free-field” sound measurement for the

determination of the sound insulation index (not to scale)
4 Sound insulation index measurements
4.1 General principle

The sound source emits a transient sound wave that travels toward the device under test and is partly

reflected, partly transmitted and partly diffracted by it. The microphone placed on the other side of the

device under test receives both the transmitted sound pressure wave travelling from the sound source

through the device under test, and the sound pressure wave diffracted by the top edge of the device

under test (for the test to be meaningful the diffraction from the lateral edges should be sufficiently

delayed). If the measurement is repeated without the device under test between the loudspeaker and

the microphone, the direct free-field wave can be acquired. The power spectra of the direct wave and

the transmitted wave give the basis for calculating the sound insulation index.

The sound insulation index shall be the logarithmic average of the values measured at nine points

placed on the measurement grid (scanning points). See Figure 3 and Formula (1).

The measurement shall take place in a sound field free from reflections within the Adrienne temporal

window. For this reason, the acquisition of an impulse response having peaks as sharp as possible is

recommended: in this
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.