Pallets for materials handling - Repair of flat wooden pallets (ISO 18613:2014)

This International Standard specifies the maximum defects and damage allowed before a flat wooden
pallet shall be repaired, and defines the minimum repair criteria that shall be used.
This International Standard is applicable to wooden flat pallets repaired with wood based components.
NOTE The maximum allowed defects and damage for pallets are described in this International Standard
and the Annexes A to D show examples of defects and damage which make the widely used pallets unacceptable
for use. For other pallet types similar criteria should be set up. The repair criteria for pool and rental pallets are
controlled by their respective controlling operators/owners, and may be subject to a licence.

Paletten für die Handhabung von Gütern - Reparatur von Flachpaletten aus Holz (ISO 18613:2014)

Diese Internationale Norm definiert die größten Mängel und Beschädigungen, die zulässig sind, bevor eine Flachpalette aus Holz repariert werden muss, und sie legt die mindestens anzuwendenden Reparaturkriterien fest.
Diese Internationale Norm ist auf Flachpaletten aus Holz anwendbar, die mit Teilen aus Holz repariert werden.
ANMERKUNG In dieser Internationalen Norm werden die größten Mängel und Beschädigungen beschrieben, und in den Anhängen A bis D werden Beispiele für Mängel und Beschädigungen der besonders häufig eingesetzten Paletten angegeben, mit deren Feststellung diese Paletten für die Verwendung unannehmbar werden. Für sonstige Palettentypen sollten ähnliche Kriterien aufgestellt werden. Die Reparaturkriterien für Pool- und Mietpaletten werden durch ihre jeweiligen Prüfer bzw. Eigentümer überwacht, und können einer Lizenz unterliegen.

Palettes pour la manutention et le transport des marchandises - Réparation des palettes plates en bois (ISO 18613:2014)

L'ISO 18613:2014 décrit les défauts et dommages maximums admissibles avant qu'une palette soit réparée et spécifie les critères de réparation minimaux à utiliser.

Palete za ravnanje z blagom - Popravilo ravnih lesenih palet (ISO 18613:2014)

Ta mednarodni standard določa največje dopustno število nepravilnosti in poškodb, preden je treba ravno leseno
paleto popraviti, in določa minimalne kriterije popravila, ki jih je treba uporabiti.
Ta mednarodni standard se uporablja za ravne lesene palete, ki se popravijo s sestavnimi deli na osnovi lesa.
OPOMBA: Največje dopustno število nepravilnosti in poškodb za palete je navedeno v tem mednarodnem standardu, dodatki A do D pa prikazujejo primere nepravilnosti in poškodb, zaradi česar so pogosto uporabljene palete neuporabne. Tudi za druge tipe palet naj bi se vzpostavili podobni kriteriji. Posamezni nadzorni operaterji/lastniki nadzorujejo kriterije popravila za zbirne in najete palete, za katere je morda potrebno dovoljenje.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-Sep-2014
Publication Date
07-Dec-2014
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
18-Nov-2014
Due Date
23-Jan-2015
Completion Date
08-Dec-2014

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
01-januar-2015
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 18613:2003
Palete za ravnanje z blagom - Popravilo ravnih lesenih palet (ISO 18613:2014)
Pallets for materials handling - Repair of flat wooden pallets (ISO 18613:2014)

Paletten für die Handhabung von Gütern - Reparatur von Flachpaletten aus Holz (ISO

18613:2014)

Palettes pour la manutention et le transport des marchandises - Réparation des palettes

plates en bois (ISO 18613:2014)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 18613:2014
ICS:
55.180.20 9HþQDPHQVNHSDOHWH General purpose pallets
SIST EN ISO 18613:2015 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
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SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 18613
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
November 2014
ICS 55.180.20 Supersedes EN ISO 18613:2003
English Version
Pallets for materials handling - Repair of flat wooden pallets (ISO
18613:2014)

Palettes pour la manutention et le transport des Paletten für die Handhabung von Gütern - Reparatur von

marchandises - Réparation des palettes plates en bois (ISO Flachpaletten aus Holz (ISO 18613:2014)

18613:2014)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 25 August 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 18613:2014 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
EN ISO 18613:2014 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
EN ISO 18613:2014 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 18613:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 51 “Pallets for unit

load method of materials handling" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 261 “Packaging” the

secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2015, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the

latest by May 2015.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 18613:2003.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 18613:2014 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 18613:2014 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
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SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 18613
Second edition
2014-11-01
Pallets for materials handling —
Repair of flat wooden pallets
Palettes pour la manutention et le transport des marchandises —
Réparation des palettes plates en bois
Reference number
ISO 18613:2014(E)
ISO 2014
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SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
ISO 18613:2014(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2014

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
ISO 18613:2014(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Defects and damage criteria ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 Overriding criterion ............................................................................................................................................................................ 2

4.2 Nail joint strength ................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.3 Inspection .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.4 General conditions identifying an unacceptable pallet ........................................................................................ 2

5 Repair ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.2 Repair of pallets of known specification ........................................................................................................................... 3

5.3 Repair of pallets of unknown specification .................................................................................................................... 3

5.4 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.5 Final inspection of repaired pallets....................................................................................................................................... 5

6 Recycling - disposal ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

Annex A (informative) Defects and damage which make a 4-way block pallet unacceptable

for use .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

Annex B (informative) Defects and damage which make a perimeter base pallet

unacceptable for use ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

Annex C (informative) Defects and damage which make a 2-way stringer (bearer) pallet

unacceptable for use .....................................................................................................................................................................................10

Annex D (informative) Defects or damage which make a partial 4-way pallet unacceptable

for use ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

Annex E (normative) Metal plates for repairing of notched stringers (bearers) ................................................13

Annex F (informative) Action needed for the repair of pallets of unknown specification

........................15

Annex G (informative) Special accuracy and tolerance for repaired pallets (e.g. for use in

certain automatic handling systems) ...........................................................................................................................................16

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................17

© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
ISO 18613:2014(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of any

patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or on

the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 51, Pallets for unit load method of materials handling.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 18613:2003), which has been

technically revised.
iv © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
ISO 18613:2014(E)
Introduction

Mandatory requirements for recycling of packaging materials has led to an expansion of reuse, repair

and recycling of wooden pallets. This International Standard is intended to assist this process, in

that, through its implementation, the safety and longevity of repaired pallets will be maximised.

This International Standard also refers particularly to new pallet standards and prescriptive pallet

specifications in wide use.

There is no requirement in this International Standard for pallet repairers to undertake tests, since, if

guidance given in this International Standard is followed and systematic repair and inspection systems

are used, then a successful repair is assumed to follow.
There are four related International Standards:

— ISO 15629, Pallets for materials handling — Quality of fasteners for assembly of new and repair of used,

flat wooden pallets

— ISO 18333, Pallets for materials handling — Quality of new wooden components for flat pallets

— ISO 18334, Pallets for materials handling — Quality of assembly of new wooden pallets

— ISO 18613, Pallets for materials handling — Repair of flat wooden pallets
© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
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SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 18613:2014(E)
Pallets for materials handling — Repair of flat wooden pallets
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies the maximum defects and damage allowed before a flat wooden

pallet shall be repaired, and defines the minimum repair criteria that shall be used.

This International Standard is applicable to wooden flat pallets repaired with wood based components.

NOTE The maximum allowed defects and damage for pallets are described in this International Standard

and the Annexes A to D show examples of defects and damage which make the widely used pallets unacceptable

for use. For other pallet types similar criteria should be set up. The repair criteria for pool and rental pallets are

controlled by their respective controlling operators/owners, and may be subject to a licence.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 445, Pallets for materials handling — Vocabulary

ISO 15629, Pallets for materials handling — Quality of fasteners for assembly of new and repair of used, flat,

wooden pallets
EN 1087-1:1994, Particleboards — Determination of moisture resistance— Boil test
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 445 (some of which are

repeated below for convenience) and the following apply.
3.1
board
top deck board, bottom deck board, or stringer board
3.2
deckboard
individual member of a top or bottom deck
3.3
bottom deck board
individual member of bottom deck
3.4
stringerboard
horizontal member linking the blocks and deckboards
3.5
stringer or bearer

continuous longitudinal member underneath the top deck or between the top and bottom decks, which

provides space for the entry of fork-lift forks and pallet-truck fingers
© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 18613:2015
ISO 18613:2014(E)
4 Defects and damage criteria
4.1 Overriding criterion

The overriding criterion for an unacceptable pallet is if its condition is such that it cannot be regarded as

safe and that handling the pallet might be dangerous for persons or goods (as illustrated in Annexes A to D).

4.2 Nail joint strength
Nail joint strength is particularly important for the performance of pallets.
4.3 Inspection

Inspection of a pallet shall take place before any handling, whether loaded or empty.

4.4 General conditions identifying an unacceptable pallet
The general conditions which make a pallet unacceptable for use are as follows.
a) One deckboard missing or broken, either obliquely or across.
b) Either one block, stringer (bearer) or stringerboard missing or broken.

c) Missing wood on deckboards to such an extent that on one deckboard, two or more nail shanks are

visible, or on more than two deckboards, one or more nail shanks are visible, or missing wood of

more than 1/4 of the width of the board for 1/4 length. Missing wood on a deckboard between the

blocks of more than 1/4 of the width of the deckboard.

d) Splits on deckboards of more than 1/2 of the width or the length of the deckboard, which cannot be

securely nailed.

e) Wings on pallets may only have missing wood from inner deckboard ends for a maximum of 1/3 of

projecting wing length.

f) Missing wood on blocks, stringers (bearers) or stringerboards, if more than one nail shank is visible

at any one joint.

g) Depending on use, dirty or contaminated pallet. If any doubt exists as to the n

...

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