Safety of toys - Interpretations - Part 1: Replies to requests for interpretation of EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 and EN 71-14

The purpose of this document is to provide replies to requests for interpretations of EN 71 1:2014+A1:2018, Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties, EN 71 2:2020, Safety of toys - Part 2: Flammability, EN 71 8:2018, Safety of toys - Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use and EN 71 14:2018 and Safety of toys - Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use.

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Interpretationen - Teil 1: Antworten auf Anfragen zur Interpretation von EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 und EN 71-14

Sécurité des jouets - Interprétations - Partie 1: Réponses aux demandes d’interprétation de EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 et EN 71-14

Varnost igrač - Razlaga - 1. del: Odgovori na zahteve po razlagi standardov EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 in EN 71-14

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
01-Mar-2021
Publication Date
14-Jun-2021
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
06-May-2021
Due Date
11-Jul-2021
Completion Date
15-Jun-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP CEN/TR 15371-1:2021
01-julij-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST-TP CEN/TR 15371-1:2017

Varnost igrač - Razlaga - 1. del: Odgovori na zahteve po razlagi standardov EN 71-

1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 in EN 71-14

Safety of toys - Interpretations - Part 1: Replies to requests for interpretation of EN 71-1,

EN 71-2, EN 71-8 and EN 71-14
Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Interpretationen - Teil 1: Antworten auf Anfragen zur
Interpretation von EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 und EN 71-14

Sécurité des jouets - Interprétations - Partie 1: Réponses aux demandes dinterprétation

de EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 et EN 71-14
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TR 15371-1:2021
ICS:
97.200.50 Igrače Toys
SIST-TP CEN/TR 15371-1:2021 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TP CEN/TR 15371-1:2021
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SIST-TP CEN/TR 15371-1:2021
CEN/TR 15371-1
TECHNICAL REPORT
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
April 2021
TECHNISCHER BERICHT
ICS 97.200.50 Supersedes CEN/TR 15371-1:2017
English Version
Safety of toys - Interpretations - Part 1: Replies to requests
for interpretation of EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 and EN 71-

Sécurité des jouets - Interprétations - Partie 1: Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Interpretationen - Teil 1:

Réponses aux demandes d¿interprétation de EN 71-1, Antworten auf Anfragen zur Interpretation von EN 71-

EN 71-2, EN 71-8 et EN 71-14 1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 und EN 71-14

This Technical Report was approved by CEN on 19 April 2021. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 52.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TR 15371-1:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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CEN/TR 15371-1:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

0 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, Safety of toys – Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties ........... 8

4.1 3.6 Ball (interpretation) ............................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 3.13 Cord (no action decision) ................................................................................................................... 9

4.3 3.36 Fuzz (no action decision) ................................................................................................................. 10

4.4 3.38 Hinge line and 4.10.3 Hinges (no action decision) ................................................................. 11

4.5 3.39 Large and bulky toy (interpretation) .......................................................................................... 12

4.6 3.54 and 3.55 Projectile toys (no action decision) ........................................................................... 14

4.7 3.54 and 3.55 Projectile toys (no action decision) ........................................................................... 15

4.8 3.61 Definition of soft filled toys (no action decision) .................................................................... 16

4.9 4.9 Protruding parts (interpretation) .................................................................................................. 16

4.10 4.10.1 c) folding and sliding mechanisms (no action decision) .................................................. 17

4.11 Mouth-actuated toys and other toys intended to be put in the mouth (interpretation) .... 18

4.12 4.14.2 Masks and helmets (no action decision) ................................................................................ 19

4.13 4.15.1.2 Warnings and instructions for use (no action decision) ............................................... 20

4.14 4.15.1.4 Stability (interpretation) .......................................................................................................... 21

4.15 4.15.1.4; 8.23.1 Stability (interpretation) ........................................................................................... 21

4.16 4.15.1.4 Stability (no action decision) .................................................................................................. 24

4.17 4.15.1.6 c) Transmission and wheel arrangement (no action decision) .................................. 26

4.18 4.15.5.7 Toy scooters – protruding parts (interpretation) ........................................................... 27

4.19 4.17 Projectile toys (no action decision) ............................................................................................. 27

4.20 4.19 Percussion caps (no action decision) .......................................................................................... 28

4.21 4.20 Acoustics (Re: percussion toys) (no action decision) ............................................................ 28

4.22 Acoustics (interpretation) ........................................................................................................................ 29

4.23 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 30

4.24 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 30

4.25 4.20 Acoustics (no action decision) ....................................................................................................... 31

4.26 Acoustics (interpretation) ........................................................................................................................ 32

4.27 Acoustics (interpretation) ........................................................................................................................ 33

4.28 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 33

4.29 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 34

4.30 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 35

4.31 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 35

4.32 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 36

4.33 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 37

4.34 Clause 5 Toys intended for children under 36 months (re: inflatable toys)

(interpretation) ............................................................................................................................................ 38

4.35 General requirements (re: small parts) (interpretation) ............................................................. 38

4.36 5.1 General requirements (re: small parts) (interpretation) ...................................................... 39

4.37 5.1 General requirements (re: fuzz) (no action decision) ............................................................. 39

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4.38 5.1 General requirements (re: plastic whiskers) (interpretation)............................................. 39

4.39 5.1 General requirements (no action decision) ................................................................................. 40

4.40 5.1 General requirements (no action decision) ................................................................................. 41

4.41 5.1 General requirements (no action decision) ................................................................................. 42

4.42 5.1 General requirements (interpretation) ........................................................................................ 42

4.43 5.1 e) General requirements (re: glued wooden toys) (no action decision) ........................... 44

4.44 5.1 e) General requirements (re: varnish) (interpretation) ......................................................... 44

4.45 5.2 Soft-filled toys and soft-filled parts of a toy (no action decision) ........................................ 45

4.46 5.4.2.1 Cords and chains with the potential to tangle and 5.4.4 Fixed loops, tangled

loops and nooses (no action decision) .................................................................................................. 45

4.47 5.7 Glass and porcelain (interpretation) ............................................................................................. 47

4.48 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (re: accessibility) (interpretation) ...................................... 47

4.49 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (interpretation) .......................................................................... 47

4.50 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (re: squeeze toys) (no action decision) .............................. 48

4.51 Shape and size of certain toys (interpretation) ................................................................................. 48

4.52 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (no action decision) .................................................................. 49

4.53 5.10 Small balls (no action decision) ..................................................................................................... 50

4.54 5.12 Hemispheric-shaped toys (no action decision) ........................................................................ 53

4.55 Clause 6 Packaging (no action decision) .............................................................................................. 54

4.56 7.1 Warnings, markings and instructions for use – General (no action decision) ................ 54

4.57 7.1 Warnings, markings and instructions for use – General (no action decision) ................ 55

4.58 7.1 and 7.2 Warnings, markings and instructions for use: general and toys not

intended for children under 36 months (no action decision) ...................................................... 56

4.59 7.2 Toys not intended for children under 36 months and 7.3 latex balloons (re:

warning) (no action decision) .................................................................................................................. 56

4.60 7.12 Liquid-filled teethers (interpretation) ....................................................................................... 57

4.61 8.4.2.2 Tension test - Seams and materials (interpretation) ........................................................ 57

4.62 8.4.2.2 Tension test - Seams and materials (interpretation) ........................................................ 58

4.63 8.5 Drop test and 8.7 Impact test (interpretation) ........................................................................... 59

4.64 8.13 Flexibility of metallic wires (no action decision) .................................................................... 59

4.65 8.18.2.b) Folding or sliding mechanisms – Toy pushchairs and perambulators

(interpretation) ............................................................................................................................................. 59

4.66 8.23.1 Stability – Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (no action decision) ................ 60

4.67 8.25.1.1 Plastic sheeting - apparatus (interpretation).................................................................... 61

4.68 8.28.2 Test procedures (re: acoustics) (no action decision) ......................................................... 63

4.69 8.28.2.1.3, 8.28.2.2.3, 8.28.2.3.3, 8.28.2.11.3 Operating conditions and

measurements (re: acoustics) (interpretation) ................................................................................ 63

4.70 8.28.2.2.3, 8.28.2.5.3 Operating conditions and measurements (re: acoustics) (no

action decision) ............................................................................................................................................. 64

4.71 8.28.2.7.3 Operating conditions and measurements (re: acoustics) (interpretation) ........ 65

4.72 8.28.2.9.3 Operating conditions and measurements (re: acoustics) (no action

decision)........................................................................................................................................................... 65

4.73 8.28.2.11 Voice toys (re: acoustics) (Interpretation) ...................................................................... 65

4.74 8.28.2.11.4 Voice toys – measurement results (interpretation) ................................................. 67

4.75 General interpretation and guidance document for the application of the acoustic

requirements from EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018 ....................................................................................... 67

4.76 8.40 Length of cords, chains and electrical cables (no action decision) ................................... 74

5 EN 71-2:2020, Safety of toys — Part 2: Flammability ...................................................................... 75

5.1 4.2.2 Beards, moustaches, wigs etc., ... (interpretation) ................................................................. 75

5.2 4.2.5 Toys to be worn on the head ... and 4.3 Toy disguise costumes ... (no action

decision)........................................................................................................................................................... 75

6 EN 71-8:2011, Safety of toys — Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use ...................................... 76

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6.1 3.1 Activity toy (no action decision) ...................................................................................................... 76

6.2 4.2.1 Barriers and handrails preventing the child from falling down (no action

decision) .......................................................................................................................................................... 77

6.3 4.3.1 Head and neck entrapment (no action decision) ................................................................... 78

6.4 4.3.1 a) Head and neck entrapment (no action decision) .............................................................. 78

6.5 4.3.2 Entrapment of clothing and hair (no action decision) ......................................................... 78

6.6 4.6.7 Suspension connectors and swing devices (no action decision) ...................................... 79

6.7 4.6.8.3 Geometry and design of swing elements (no action decision) ...................................... 81

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 82

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European foreword

This document (CEN/TR 15371-1:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 52 “Safety

of toys”, the secretariat of which is held by DS.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes CEN/TR 15371-1:2017.

Some of the previous interpretations and no action decisions have been deleted or modified, as due to

amendments to the corresponding EN 71 standards, answers have become obsolete.

CEN/TR 15371, Safety of toys — Interpretations, is currently composed of the following parts:

— Part 1: Replies to requests for interpretation of EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 and EN 71-14;

— Part 2: Replies to requests for interpretation of the chemical standards in the EN 71-series.

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CEN/TR 15371-1:2021 (E)
0 Introduction
0.1 Interpretations and no-action decisions

This document contains replies to requests for interpretations concerning the understanding of clauses

in EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, EN 71-2:2020, EN 71-8:2018 and EN 71-14:2018. The replies concern those

requests that have resulted in an interpretation or a decision that no action is required as the standard

is sufficiently clear.

An interpretation does not have the same status as the text of the standard, nor can it overrule the text

of the standard. However, following an interpretation should give assurance that the relevant clause of

the standard has been correctly applied. An interpretation should only be regarded as a clarification of

the meaning of the standard such that stakeholders can apply it correctly in a conformity assessment.

An interpretation is not an assessment of the requirement in the standard - it is only a strict

interpretation of the meaning of the text.
Disclaimer:

The interpretations have been derived by expert groups of CEN/TC 52. The information contained

herein is for guidance only and does not reflect the formal approval by CEN or CEN member bodies. It

should be noted that the interpretations are neither part of any standard nor have been referenced in

the Official Journal of the European Union.
0.2 Requests for interpretation

Requests for interpretations may be submitted by a CEN member body through its national committee

or by a CEN/TC 52 liaison (but not directly by an individual or a company) - in accordance with the

interpretation protocols agreed by CEN/TC 52. The requests are then channelled to the relevant

CEN/TC 52 working party, which will then deal with the request.
A request for an interpretation may lead to:
a) An interpretation of the standard:

This should reflect a reasonable interpretation of how the standard should be used, taking into

account:
1) the wording of the standard;
2) the rationale of the standard;
3) the history of the standard.
b) A no-action decision:

This is applicable when it is agreed that the standard appropriately specifies how a toy shall be

assessed.
c) A proposal for an amendment of the standard:
This is applicable when it is agreed that the standard is deficient in some way.

NOTE Interpretation and no-action decisions are published in the CEN/TR 15371 series, which will be

updated on a regular basis.
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CEN/TR 15371-1:2021 (E)

Proposals for amendments will be progressed as new work item proposals in accordance with CEN

rules.
0.3 Answers to requests for interpretations

Since requests for interpretations are submitted through a CEN member body or a CEN/TC 52 liaison, it

is assumed that they will keep themselves informed about decisions concerning the request and its

progress and will themselves inform the originator of the request as appropriate.

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CEN/TR 15371-1:2021 (E)
1 Scope

The purpose of this document is to provide replies to requests for interpretations of EN 71-

1:2014+A1:2018, Safety of toys — Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties, EN 71-2:2020, Safety of

toys — Part 2: Flammability, EN 71-8:2018, Safety of toys — Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use and

EN 71-14:2018 and Safety of toys — Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
No terms and definitions are listed in this document.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
4 EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, Safety of toys – Part 1: Mechanical and physical
properties
4.1 3.6 Ball (interpretation)
Question
The definition of a ball according to 3.6 is:

“Spherical, ovoid or ellipsoidal object, usually but not always designed or intended to be thrown, hit

kicked, rolled, dropped or bounced”.

There is an additional note explaining the ball definition includes multisided objects formed by at least

48 connecting planes into a generally spherical, ovoid or ellipsoidal shape.

What about spherical, ovoid or ellipsoidal objects having small protrusions or projections?

See below some examples of toys intended for children under 3 years of age that have a generally

spherical, ovoid, or ellipsoidal shape but in addition have protrusions or projections.

Should they be considered as balls?
a) b)
Figure 1
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CEN/TR 15371-1:2021 (E)

Ratio: minor/major axes = 90 % (green protrusion not counted) or 97,5 % (green protrusion counted)

Figure 2

Ratio: minor/major axes = 87 % (green protrusion not counted) or 75,5 % (green protrusion counted)

Figure 3

Ratio: minor/major axes = 74 % (yellow ends elements considered to be part of the whole shape)

Reply

The three toys as presented here would fall under the definition of balls and are subject to the

requirements for small balls per EN 71-1. In the case of the tomato and purple strawberry the

protrusions are on one side only and they are small. They appear to make no difference in the

assessment of the ratio between minor and major dimensions mentioned in the informative annex. For

the lemon shape the small end elements are considered to be part of the overall ellipsoidal shape. This

interpretation is only valid for the toys evaluated under this request.
REQ 156-15 (NEN, Netherlands)
4.2 3.13 Cord (no action decision)
Question
The question relates to 3.13 “cord” of EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018.
The standard defines cord as:

“narrow piece of flexible textile or non-textile material of which the length is significantly greater than

its thickness and width

EXAMPLES Examples of cords include elastic material, monofilament polymeric material, tape, ribbon,

rope, strap, woven and twisted material and string as well as certain weak and long springs”

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CEN/TR 15371-1:2021 (E)

Soft filled parts of a soft filled toy are not included by the definition of cord. Therefore, the requirements

of 5.4 shall not be applied to those parts.

In the example provided, the tail of Figure 4 and the toy of Figure 6 are soft filled, while the tail of

Figure 5 is not soft filled, therefore 5.4 is applicable only to the tail of Figure 5. Is it correct?

Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6
Reply

Standard is clear. Soft-filled parts of toys are not cords as defined in the standard. The tail of the toy in

Figure 5 is considered a cord because there is not stuffing material inside.
REQ 104-12 (UNI, Italy)
4.3 3.36 Fuzz (no action decision)
Question
The question relates to 3.36 “fuzz” of EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018.

Some soft filled toys may have fur with long hair, even longer than 50 mm. We do not know if such hair

is considered as monofilament fibre.

If the toy loses such hair when petted (as per foreseeable use), as in the attached picture, even in great

amount, is it correct to consider them as included in the definition of fuzz, therefore excluding them

from the requirements of 5.1?
Figure 7 Figure 8
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CEN/TR 15371-1:2021 (E)
Reply

Standard is clear. It is correct to consider the described fibres as fuzz (which is excluded from 5.1

requirements).
REQ 105-12 (UNI, Italy)
4.4 3.38 Hinge line and 4.10.3 Hinges (no action decision)
Question

A toy truck has a hinged container. The container opens and closes similar to a lid or door. The weight

of the container is more than 250 g. There is a gap along the hinge line where a 5 mm rod can be

inserted, but it does not allow the 12 mm rod to be inserted when closing the container.

Is the gap shown in the red rectangle a hinge line as defined in 3.38?
Is 4.10.3 applicable?
Figure 9
Figure 10
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CEN/TR 15371-1:2021 (E)
The location of the hinge is indicated below with red dots:
Figure 11
Reply
Standard is clear. 3.38 of EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018 defines a hinge line as:
“line along or parallel to the line projected through the axis of rotation…”

The line in the red rectangle as described in the above pictures is parallel to the line projected through

the axis of rotation and is therefore considered as a hinge line. 4.10.3 of EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018 applies.

REQ 160-18 (NEN - Netherlands)
4.5 3.39 Large and bulky toy (interpretation)
Question

How do you measure the volume of large and bulky toys as defined in 3.33 of EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018?

Here are two possible ways. Option A or Option B (see drawings below)?
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OptionA: global volume calculation
Option B : follow the shape to calculate volume
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CEN/TR 15371-1:2021 (E)
Toy 1
Figure 12
Interpretation

The volume is considered to be smallest imaginary box that would contain the toy after having removed

minor appendages which actually is option A above.
Minor appendages would be the wooden elements on the sides of toy 1.
REQ 134-13 (BSI, United Kingdom)
4.6 3.54 and 3.55 Projectile toys (no action decision)
Question
EN 71-1 has the below definitions of projectiles with or without stored energy:
3.54
projectile toy with stored energy

toy with a projectile launched by means of a discharge mechanism capable of storing energy

independent from the user and incorporating a mechanism
3.55
projectile toy without stored energy

toy with a projectile launched by the energy imparted by the user or by any means of a discharge

mechanism incapable of storing energy independent of the user
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An example - a toy where the energy is imparted by e.g. a spring or an elastic band and the launching is

entirely controlled by the child, as the toy has no mechanism for holding back the projectile and storing

the energy for a prolonged time. Such a toy could be interpreted not to be included in 3.55. However,

the toy is obviously also not within 3.54 because we interpret 3.54 so that the toy shall be capable to

accumulate and store the energy for a prolonged period of time without involvement of a child.

We would like to have a confirmation that a projectile toy, which cannot accumulate and store energy is

within 3.55 even if a spring is used in launching the projectile.
Figure 13
Reply

Standard is clear. In this case, the energy is not stored and released by a discharge mechanism, but the

energy is imparted by the user. In consequence, this toy is regarded as a “projectile toy without stored

energy”.
REQ 064-06 (DS, Denmark)
4.7 3.54 and 3.55 Projectile toys (no action decision)
Question

a) EN 71-1 defines as projectile an “object intended to be launched, thrown or released into free flight

or a trajectory in the air”
1) does this include toys like boomerang or frisbee?

2) does this include small toys designed in such a way that hitting their base, they make a little

jump, rotating on themselves? (to figure them think about a spoon on a table: hitting its

extremity you can have it make this kind of jump)
3) does it include objects launched by catapult toys?

b) If a toy has a spring or an elastic band, but no mechanism to hold the projectile in the “charged”

condition (this means that as soon as you release the projectile, it is launched, like in a bow), is it

considered “projectile toy with stored energy” (the spring and elastic are considered as discharge

mechanisms) or as a “projectile toy without stored energy” (the energy of the projectile depend

upon how much the
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
kSIST-TP FprCEN/TR 15371-1:2021
01-februar-2021

Varnost igrač - Razlaga - 1. del: Odgovori na zahteve po razlagi standardov EN 71-

1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 in EN 71-14

Safety of toys - Interpretations - Part 1: Replies to requests for interpretation of EN 71-1,

EN 71-2, EN 71-8 and EN 71-14
Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Interpretationen - Teil 1: Antworten auf Anfragen zur
Interpretation von EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 und EN 71-14

Sécurité des jouets - Interprétations - Partie 1: Réponses aux demandes dinterprétation

de EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 et EN 71-14
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: FprCEN/TR 15371-1
ICS:
97.200.50 Igrače Toys
kSIST-TP FprCEN/TR 15371-1:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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kSIST-TP FprCEN/TR 15371-1:2021
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kSIST-TP FprCEN/TR 15371-1:2021
FINAL DRAFT
TECHNICAL REPORT
FprCEN/TR 15371-1
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHER BERICHT
December 2020
ICS 97.200.50 Will supersede CEN/TR 15371-1:2017
English Version
Safety of toys - Interpretations - Part 1: Replies to requests
for interpretation of EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 and EN 71-

Sécurité des jouets - Interprétations - Partie 1: Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Interpretationen - Teil 1:

Réponses aux demandes d¿interprétation de EN 71-1, Antworten auf Anfragen zur Interpretation von EN 71-

EN 71-2, EN 71-8 et EN 71-14 1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 und EN 71-14

This draft Technical Report is submitted to CEN members for Vote. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 52.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a Technical Report. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a Technical Report.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. FprCEN/TR 15371-1:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

0 Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, Safety of toys – Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties ........... 8

4.1 3.6 Ball (interpretation) ............................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 3.13 Cord (no action decision) ................................................................................................................... 9

4.3 3.36 Fuzz (no action decision) ................................................................................................................. 10

4.4 3.38 Hinge line and 4.10.3 Hinges (no action decision) ................................................................. 11

4.5 3.39 Large and bulky toy (interpretation) .......................................................................................... 12

4.6 3.54 and 3.55 Projectile toys (no action decision) ........................................................................... 14

4.7 3.54 and 3.55 Projectile toys (no action decision) ........................................................................... 15

4.8 3.61 Definition of soft filled toys (no action decision) .................................................................... 16

4.9 4.9 Protruding parts (interpretation) .................................................................................................. 16

4.10 4.10.1 c) folding and sliding mechanisms (no action decision) .................................................. 17

4.11 4.11 Mouth-actuated toys and other toys intended to be put in the mouth

(interpretation) ............................................................................................................................................ 18

4.12 4.14.2 Masks and helmets (no action decision) ................................................................................ 19

4.13 4.15.1.2 Warnings and instructions for use (no action decision) ............................................... 20

4.14 4.15.1.4 Stability (interpretation) .......................................................................................................... 21

4.15 4.15.1.4; 8.23.1 Stability (interpretation) ........................................................................................... 21

4.16 4.15.1.4 Stability (no action decision) .................................................................................................. 24

4.17 4.15.1.6 c) Transmission and wheel arrangement (no action decision) .................................. 26

4.18 4.15.5.7 Toy scooters – protruding parts (interpretation) ........................................................... 27

4.19 4.17 Projectile toys (no action decision) ............................................................................................. 27

4.20 4.19 Percussion caps (no action decision) .......................................................................................... 28

4.21 4.20 Acoustics (Re: percussion toys) (no action decision) ............................................................ 28

4.22 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 29

4.23 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 30

4.24 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 31

4.25 4.20 Acoustics (no action decision) ....................................................................................................... 32

4.26 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 32

4.27 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 33

4.28 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 34

4.29 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 34

4.30 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 36

4.31 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 36

4.32 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 37

4.33 4.20 Acoustics (interpretation) .............................................................................................................. 38

4.34 Clause 5 Toys intended for children under 36 months (re: inflatable toys)

(interpretation) ............................................................................................................................................ 39

4.35 5.1 General requirements (re: small parts) (interpretation) ...................................................... 40

4.36 5.1 General requirements (re: small parts) (interpretation) ...................................................... 40

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4.37 5.1 General requirements (re: fuzz) (no action decision) ............................................................. 40

4.38 5.1 General requirements (re: plastic whiskers) (interpretation)............................................. 41

4.39 5.1 General requirements (no action decision) ................................................................................. 41

4.40 5.1 General requirements (no action decision) ................................................................................. 42

4.41 5.1 General requirements (no action decision) ................................................................................. 43

4.42 5.1 General requirements (interpretation) ........................................................................................ 43

4.43 5.1 e) General requirements (re: glued wooden toys) (no action decision) ........................... 45

4.44 5.1 e) General requirements (re: varnish) (interpretation) ......................................................... 45

4.45 5.2 Soft-filled toys and soft-filled parts of a toy (no action decision) ........................................ 46

4.46 5.4.2.1 Cords and chains with the potential to tangle & 5.4.4 Fixed loops, tangled

loops and nooses (no action decision) .................................................................................................. 46

4.47 5.7 Glass and porcelain (interpretation) ............................................................................................. 48

4.48 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (re: accessibility) (interpretation) ...................................... 48

4.49 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (interpretation) .......................................................................... 48

4.50 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (re: squeeze toys) (no action decision) .............................. 49

4.51 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (interpretation) .......................................................................... 49

4.52 5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (no action decision) .................................................................. 50

4.53 5.10 Small balls (no action decision) ..................................................................................................... 51

4.54 5.12 Hemispheric-shaped toys (no action decision) ........................................................................ 54

4.55 Clause 6 Packaging (no action decision) .............................................................................................. 55

4.56 7.1 Warnings, markings and instructions for use – General (no action decision) ................ 55

4.57 7.1 Warnings, markings and instructions for use – General (no action decision) ................ 56

4.58 7.1 & 7.2 Warnings, markings and instructions for use: general & toys not intended

for children under 36 months (no action decision) ......................................................................... 57

4.59 7.2 Toys not intended for children under 36 months and 7.3 latex balloons (re:

warning) (no action decision) .................................................................................................................. 57

4.60 7.12 Liquid-filled teethers (interpretation) ....................................................................................... 58

4.61 8.4.2.2 Tension test - Seams and materials (interpretation) ........................................................ 58

4.62 8.4.2.2 Tension test - Seams and materials (interpretation) ........................................................ 59

4.63 8.5 Drop test and 8.7 Impact test (interpretation) ........................................................................... 60

4.64 8.13 Flexibility of metallic wires (no action decision) .................................................................... 60

4.65 8.18.2.b) Folding or sliding mechanisms – Toy pushchairs and perambulators

(interpretation) ............................................................................................................................................. 60

4.66 8.23.1 Stability – Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (no action decision) ................ 61

4.67 8.25.1.1 Plastic sheeting - apparatus (interpretation).................................................................... 62

4.68 8.28.2 Test procedures (re: acoustics) (no action decision) ......................................................... 64

4.69 8.28.2.1.3, 8.28.2.2.3, 8.28.2.3.3, 8.28.2.11.3 Operating conditions and

measurements (re: acoustics) (interpretation) ................................................................................ 64

4.70 8.28.2.2.3, 8.28.2.5.3 Operating conditions and measurements (re: acoustics) (no

action decision) ............................................................................................................................................. 65

4.71 8.28.2.7.3 Operating conditions and measurements (re: acoustics) (interpretation) ........ 66

4.72 8.28.2.9.3 Operating conditions and measurements (re: acoustics) (no action

decision)........................................................................................................................................................... 66

4.73 8.28.2.11 Voice toys (re: acoustics) (Interpretation) ...................................................................... 66

4.74 8.28.2.11.4 Voice toys – measurement results (interpretation) ................................................. 68

4.75 General interpretation and guidance document for the application of the acoustic

requirements from EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018 ....................................................................................... 69

4.76 8.40 Length of cords, chains and electrical cables (no action decision) ................................... 75

5 EN 71-2:2020, Safety of toys — Part 2: Flammability ...................................................................... 76

5.1 4.2.2 Beards, moustaches, wigs etc., ... (interpretation) ................................................................. 76

5.2 4.2.5 Toys to be worn on the head ... and 4.3 Toy disguise costumes ... (no action

decision)........................................................................................................................................................... 77

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6 EN 71-8:2011, Safety of toys — Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use ..................................... 79

6.1 3.1 Activity toy (no action decision) ...................................................................................................... 79

6.2 4.2.1 Barriers and handrails preventing the child from falling down (no action

decision) .......................................................................................................................................................... 79

6.3 4.3.1 Head and neck entrapment (no action decision) ................................................................... 80

6.4 4.3.1 a) Head and neck entrapment (no action decision) .............................................................. 80

6.5 4.3.2 Entrapment of clothing and hair (no action decision) ......................................................... 81

6.6 4.6.7 Suspension connectors and swing devices (no action decision) ...................................... 81

6.7 4.6.8.3 Geometry and design of swing elements (no action decision) ...................................... 83

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 84

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European foreword

This document (FprCEN/TR 15371-1:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 52

“Safety of toys”, the secretariat of which is held by DS.
This document is currently submitted to the Vote on TR.
This document will supersede CEN/TR 15371-1:2017.

Some of the previous interpretations and no action decisions have been deleted or modified, as due to

amendments to the corresponding EN 71 standards, answers have become obsolete.

CEN/TR 15371, Safety of toys — Interpretations, is currently composed of the following parts:

— Part 1: Replies to requests for interpretation of EN 71-1, EN 71-2, EN 71-8 and EN 71-14;

— Part 2: Replies to requests for interpretation of the chemical standards in the EN 71-series.

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0 Introduction
0.1 Interpretations and no-action decisions

This document contains replies to requests for interpretations concerning the understanding of clauses

in EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, EN 71-2:2020, EN 71-8:2018 and EN 71-14:2018. The replies concern those

requests that have resulted in an interpretation or a decision that no action is required as the standard

is sufficiently clear.

An interpretation does not have the same status as the text of the standard, nor can it overrule the text

of the standard. However, following an interpretation should give assurance that the relevant clause of

the standard has been correctly applied. An interpretation should only be regarded as a clarification of

the meaning of the standard such that stakeholders can apply it correctly in a conformity assessment.

An interpretation is not an assessment of the requirement in the standard - it is only a strict

interpretation of the meaning of the text.
Disclaimer:

The interpretations have been derived by expert groups of CEN/TC 52. The information contained

herein is for guidance only and does not reflect the formal approval by CEN or CEN member bodies. It

should be noted that the interpretations are neither part of any standard nor have been referenced in

the Official Journal of the European Union.
0.2 Requests for interpretation

Requests for interpretations may be submitted by a CEN member body through its national committee

or by a CEN/TC 52 liaison (but not directly by an individual or a company) - in accordance with the

interpretation protocols agreed by CEN/TC 52. The requests are then channelled to the relevant

CEN/TC 52 working party, which will then deal with the request.
A request for an interpretation may lead to:
a) An interpretation of the standard:

This should reflect a reasonable interpretation of how the standard should be used, taking into

account:
1) the wording of the standard;
2) the rationale of the standard;
3) the history of the standard.
b) A no-action decision:

This is applicable when it is agreed that the standard appropriately specifies how a toy shall be

assessed.
c) A proposal for an amendment of the standard:
This is applicable when it is agreed that the standard is deficient in some way.

NOTE Interpretation and no-action decisions are published in the CEN/TR 15371 series, which will be

updated on a regular basis.
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Proposals for amendments will be progressed as new work item proposals in accordance with CEN

rules.
0.3 Answers to requests for interpretations

Since requests for interpretations are submitted through a CEN member body or a CEN/TC 52 liaison, it

is assumed that they will keep themselves informed about decisions concerning the request and its

progress and will themselves inform the originator of the request as appropriate.

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1 Scope

The purpose of this document is to provide replies to requests for interpretations of

EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, Safety of toys — Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties, EN 71-2:2020,

Safety of toys — Part 2: Flammability, EN 71-8:2018, Safety of toys — Part 8: Activity toys for domestic

use and EN 71-14:2018 and Safety of toys — Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use.

2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
No terms and definitions are listed in this document.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
4 EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, Safety of toys – Part 1: Mechanical and physical
properties
4.1 3.6 Ball (interpretation)
Question
The definition of a ball according to 3.6 is:

“Spherical, ovoid or ellipsoidal object, usually but not always designed or intended to be thrown, hit

kicked, rolled, dropped or bounced”.

There is an additional note explaining the ball definition includes multisided objects formed by at least

48 connecting planes into a generally spherical, ovoid or ellipsoidal shape.

What about spherical, ovoid or ellipsoidal objects having small protrusions or projections?

See below some examples of toys intended for children under 3 years of age that have a generally

spherical, ovoid, or ellipsoidal shape but in addition have protrusions or projections.

Should they be considered as balls?
a) b)
Figure 1
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Ratio: minor/major axes = 90 % (green protrusion not counted) or 97,5 % (green protrusion counted)

Figure 2

Ratio: minor/major axes = 87 % (green protrusion not counted) or 75,5 % (green protrusion counted)

Figure 3

Ratio: minor/major axes = 74 % (yellow ends elements considered to be part of the whole shape)

Reply

The three toys as presented here would fall under the definition of balls and are subject to the

requirements for small balls per EN 71-1. In the case of the tomato and purple strawberry the

protrusions are on one side only and they are small. They appear to make no difference in the

assessment of the ratio between minor and major dimensions mentioned in the informative annex. For

the lemon shape the small end elements are considered to be part of the overall ellipsoidal shape. This

interpretation is only valid for the toys evaluated under this request.
REQ 156-15 (NEN, Netherlands)
4.2 3.13 Cord (no action decision)
Question
The question relates to 3.13 “cord” of EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018.
The standard defines cord as:

“narrow piece of flexible textile or non-textile material of which the length is significantly greater than

its thickness and width

EXAMPLES Examples of cords include elastic material, monofilament polymeric material, tape, ribbon,

rope, strap, woven and twisted material and string as well as certain weak and long springs”

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Soft filled parts of a soft filled toy are not included by the definition of cord. Therefore, the requirements

of 5.4 shall not be applied to those parts.

In the example provided, the tail of Figure 4 and the toy of Figure 6 are soft filled, while the tail of

Figure 5 is not soft filled, therefore 5.4 is applicable only to the tail of Figure 5. Is it correct?

Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6
Reply

Standard is clear. Soft-filled parts of toys are not cords as defined in the standard. The tail of the toy in

Figure 5 is considered a cord because there is not stuffing material inside.
REQ 104-12 (UNI, Italy)
4.3 3.36 Fuzz (no action decision)
Question
The question relates to 3.36 “fuzz” of EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018.

Some soft filled toys may have fur with long hair, even longer than 50 mm. We do not know if such hair

is considered as monofilament fibre.

If the toy loses such hair when petted (as per foreseeable use), as in the attached picture, even in great

amount, is it correct to consider them as included in the definition of fuzz, therefore excluding them

from the requirements of 5.1?
Figure 7 Figure 8
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Reply

Standard is clear. It is correct to consider the described fibres as fuzz (which is excluded from 5.1

requirements).
REQ 105-12 (UNI, Italy)
4.4 3.38 Hinge line and 4.10.3 Hinges (no action decision)
Question

A toy truck has a hinged container. The container opens and closes similar to a lid or door. The weight

of the container is more than 250 g. There is a gap along the hinge line where a 5 mm rod can be

inserted, but it does not allow the 12 mm rod to be inserted when closing the container.

Is the gap shown in the red rectangle a hinge line as defined in 3.38?
Is 4.10.3 applicable?
Figure 9
Figure 10
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The location of the hinge is indicated below with red dots:
Figure 11
Reply
Standard is clear. 3.38 of EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018 defines a hinge line as:
“line along or parallel to the line projected through the axis of rotation…”

The line in the red rectangle as described in the above pictures is parallel to the line projected through

the axis of rotation and is therefore considered as a hinge line. 4.10.3 of EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018 applies.

REQ 160-18 (NEN - Netherlands)
4.5 3.39 Large and bulky toy (interpretation)
Question

How do you measure the volume of large and bulky toys as defined in 3.33 of EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018?

Here are two possible ways. Option A or Option B (see drawings below)?
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OptionA: global volume calculation
Option B : follow the shape to calculate volume
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Toy 1
Figure 12
Interpretation

The volume is considered to be smallest imaginary box that would contain the toy after having removed

minor appendages which actually is option A above.
Minor appendages would be the wooden elements on the sides of toy 1.
REQ 134-13 (BSI, United Kingdom)
4.6 3.54 and 3.55 Projectile toys (no action decision)
Question
EN 71-1 has the below definitions of projectiles with or without stored energy:
3.54
projectile toy with stored energy

toy with a projectile launched by means of a discharge mechanism capable of storing energy

independent from the user and incorporating a mechanism
3.55
projectile toy without stored energy

toy with a projectile launched by the energy imparted by the user or by any means of a discharge

mechanism incapable of storing energy independent of the user
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An example - a toy where the energy is imparted by e.g. a spring or an elastic band and the launching is

entirely controlled by the child, as the toy has no mechanism for holding back the projectile and storing

the energy for a prolonged time. Such a toy could be interpreted not to be included in 3.55. However,

the toy is obviously also not within 3.54 because we interpret 3.54 so that the toy shall be capable to

accumulate and store the energy for a prolonged period of time without involvement of a child.

We would like to have a confirmation that a projectile toy, which cannot accumulate and store energy is

within 3.55 even if a spring is used in launching the projectile.
Figure 13
Reply

Standard is clear. In this case, the energy is not stored and released by a discharge mechanism, but the

energy is imparted by the user. In consequence, this toy is regarded as a “projectile toy without stored

energy”.
REQ 064-06 (DS, Denmark)
4.7 3.54 and 3.55 Projectile toys (no action decision)
Question

a) EN 71-1 defines as projectile an “object intended to be launched, thrown or released into free flight

or a trajectory in the air”
1) does this include toys like boomerang or frisbee?

2) does this include small toys designed in such a way that hitting their base, they make a little

jump, rotating on themselves? (to figure them think about a spoon on a table: hitting its

extremity you can have it make this kind of jump)
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

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