Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 1: General requirements

This European Standard specifies the general safety requirements for earth-moving machinery ) described in EN ISO 6165:2006, except rollers and horizontal directional drill.
NOTE 1   Rollers are covered by EN 500.
NOTE 2   Horizontal directional drills are covered by EN 791.
This European Standard also applies to derivative machinery (see 3.1.2) designed primarily for use with equipment to loosen, pick-up, move, transport, distribute and grade earth and rock.
This European Standard gives the common safety requirements for earth-moving machinery families and is intended to be used in conjunction with one of the EN 474 parts 2 to 12. These machine specific parts EN 474-2 to -12 do not repeat the requirements from EN 474-1:2006+A1:2009, but add or replace the requirements for the family in question.
NOTE 3   The requirements specified in this part of the standard are common to two or more families of earth- moving machinery.
This part gives specific requirements for demolition machinery.
Specific requirements in EN 474 parts 2 to 12 take precedence over the respective requirements of EN 474-1:2006+A1:2009.
For multipurpose machinery the parts of the standard that cover the specific functions and applications have to be used e.g. a compact loader also used as a trencher shall use the relevant requirements of EN 474 parts 1, 3 and 10.
The standard also covers general requirements for attachments intended to be used with earth moving machine families covered in the scope.
Except for part 12 this European Standard does not deal with the electrical hazards related to the main circuits and drives of machinery when the principal source of energy is electrical.
This European Standard does not deal with towing of trailers.
This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to earth-moving machinery, when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4). This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events during commissioning, operation and maintenance of earth-moving machinery.
This European Standard is not applicable to earth moving machines, which are manufactured before the date of publication of this European Standard by CEN.

Erdbaumaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen

Diese Europäische Norm& legt allgemeine sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen für
Erdbaumaschinen1) fest, die in EN ISO 6165:2006 beschrieben sind, ausgenommen hiervon sind Walzen und
Horizontalbohrmaschinen.
ANMERKUNG 1 Walzen werden in EN 500 behandelt.
ANMERKUNG 2 Horizontalbohrmaschinen werden in EN 791 behandelt.
%Diese Europäische Norm& gilt auch für artverwandte Maschinen (siehe 3.1.2), die vorrangig für die
Verwendung mit Arbeitseinrichtungen zum Lösen, Aufnehmen, Bewegen, Transportieren, Verteilen und
Planieren von Erdreich und Gestein vorgesehen sind.
%Diese Europäische Norm& beschreibt gemeinsame Sicherheitsanforderungen für Erdbaumaschinen
und ist dazu vorgesehen, zusammen mit einem der Teile von EN 474, Teil 2 bis Teil 12, angewendet zu
werden. Diese maschinenspezifischen Teile (EN 474-2 bis EN 474-12) wiederholen nicht die Anforderungen
von !EN 474-1:2006+A1:2009", sondern ergänzen bzw. ersetzen Anforderungen für die jeweilige
Maschinenart.
ANMERKUNG 3 Die Anforderungen, die in diesem Teil der Normenreihe beschrieben sind, treffen auf zwei oder
mehr Arten von Erdbaumaschinen zu.
'Dieser Teil enthält spezifische Anforderungen für Abrissmaschinen.(
Die spezifischen Anforderungen von EN 474, Teil 2 bis Teil 12, haben Vorrang vor den entsprechenden Anforderungen
in!EN 474-1:2006+A1:2009".
Für Mehrzweckmaschinen sind die Teile der Normenreihe anzuwenden, die die spezifischen Funktionen und
Einsatzarten behandeln. Für einen Kompaktlader, der z. B. auch als Grabenfräse eingesetzt wird, sind die
zutreffenden Anforderungen von EN 474-1, EN 474-3 und EN 474-10 zu berücksichtigen.
Die Norm enthält auch allgemeine Anforderungen für Arbeitsausrüstungen, die dazu bestimmt sind, in
Verbindung mit den im Anwendungsbereich beschriebenen Erdbaumaschinen eingesetzt zu werden.
Elektrische Gefährdungen, die durch den Hauptstromkreis und den Antrieb hervorgerufen werden, !
werden, außer in Teil 12, in dieser Europäischen Norm nicht behandelt", wenn die Primär-Energiequelle
Elektrizität ist.
!Diese Europäische Norm behandelt nicht das Ziehen von Anhängern."
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und
Gefährdungsereignisse, die auf Erdbaumaschinen zutreffen, wenn sie bestimmungsgemäß verwendet
werden. Die nach vernünftigem Ermessen für den Hersteller vorhersehbare Nutzung der Maschine
außerhalb der bestimmungsgemäßen Verwendung ist ebenfalls berücksichtigt (siehe Abschnitt 4). Die
entsprechenden Maßnahmen, um die Risiken, die von den signifikanten Gefährdungen,
Gefährdungssituationen und Gefährdungsereignissen während der Inbetriebnahme, des Betriebs und der
Instandhaltung der Erdbaumaschine ausgehen, zu verhindern oder zu minimieren, sind in dieser
Europäischen Norm beschrieben.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Erdbaumaschinen, die vor Veröffentlichung dieser Europäischen Norm
durch CEN hergestellt wurden.

Engins de terrassement - Sécurité - Partie 1: Prescriptions générales

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les prescriptions générales de sécurité applicables aux engins de terrassement 1) définis par l’EN ISO 6165:2006, à l'exception des compacteurs.
NOTE 1   L’EN 500 traite des compacteurs.
NOTE 2   Les appareils de forage dirigé sont couverts par l’EN 791.
La présente Norme européenne s'applique aussi aux machines dérivées (voir 3.1.2) conçues principalement pour être utilisées avec un équipement de travail permettant de désagréger, prendre, déplacer, transporter et répandre des matériaux ou de niveler des matériaux ou de la roche.
La présente Norme européenne donne les prescriptions de sécurité communes applicables à tous les types d'engins de terrassement et doit être utilisée conjointement avec l’une des parties 2 à 12 de l’EN 474. Ces parties (EN 474-2 à -12) qui sont spécifiques aux différentes machines ne répètent pas les prescriptions de l’EN 474-1:2006+A1:2009, mais en ajoutent ou en remplacent certaines applicables à l’engin correspondant.
NOTE 3   Les prescriptions de sécurité communes spécifiées dans la présente partie de la norme concernent plus de deux familles d'engins de terrassement.
La présente partie donne des prescriptions spécifiques pour les machines de démolition.
Les prescriptions spécifiques des EN 474 parties 2 à 12 prennent le pas sur les prescriptions correspondantes de l’EN 474-1:2006+A1:2009.
Pour les engins de terrassement polyvalents, les parties de la norme qui traitent des fonctions et configurations spécifiques doivent être utilisées, par exemple une mini-chargeuse également utilisée comme trancheuse doit utiliser les prescriptions pertinentes des parties EN 474-1, -3 et -10.
La norme traite également des prescriptions générales relatives aux accessoires destinés à être utilisés avec des familles d’engins de terrassement citées dans le domaine d’application.
À l'exception de la partie 12, la présente Norme européenne ne traite pas des risques électriques liés aux circuits principaux de puissance et de commande des machines lorsque la principale source d’énergie est électrique.
La présente Norme européenne ne traite pas des remorques attelées à un véhicule.
La présente Norme européenne traite de tous les phénomènes, situations et événements dangereux significatifs relatifs aux engins de terrassement lorsqu'ils sont utilisés comme prévu ou dans des conditions de mauvais usage que le fabricant peut raisonnablement prévoir (voir Article 4). La présente Norme européenne prescrit les mesures techniques appropriées pour éliminer ou réduire les risques dus aux phénomènes, situations et événements dangereux significatifs survenant lors de la mise en service, du fonctionnement et de la maintenance des engins de terrassement.
La présente Norme européenne n’est pas applicable aux engins de terrassement fabriqués avant la date de publication de la présente Norme européenne par le CEN.

Stroji za zemeljska dela - Varnost - 1. del: Splošne zahteve

Ta evropski standard določa splošne varnostne zahteve za stroje za zemeljska dela, opisane v standardu EN ISO 6165:2006, razen valjarjev in opreme za horizontalno usmerjeno vrtanje.
OPOMBA 1: Valjarji so obravnavani v standardu EN 500.
OPOMBA 2: Oprema za horizontalno usmerjeno vrtanje je obravnavana v standardu EN 791.
Ta evropski standard se uporablja tudi za sorodne stroje (glej točko 3.1.2), zasnovane zlasti za uporabo z opremo za rahljanje, pobiranje, premikanje, razvrščanje in ravnanje zemlje in skal.
Ta evropski standard določa splošne varnostne zahteve za različne vrste strojev za zemeljska dela in je predviden za uporabo skupaj z enim od delov od 2 do 12 standarda EN 474. Deli od 2 do 12 standarda EN 474, specifični za posamezne stroje, ne navajajo ponovno zahtev iz standarda EN 474-1:2006+A1:2009, ampak dodajajo ali nadomeščajo zahteve za posamezno vrsto strojev.
OPOMBA 3: Zahteve, določene v tem delu standarda, so skupne dvema ali več družinam strojev za zemeljska dela.
Ta del vsebuje posebne zahteve za rušilne stroje.
Posebne zahteve v delih od 2 do 12 standarda EN 474 imajo prednost pred ustreznimi zahtevami v standardu EN 474-1:2006+A1:2009.
Pri večnamenskih strojih je treba uporabiti dele standarda, ki obravnavajo posamezne funkcije in načine uporabe. Mini nakladač, ki se uporablja tudi kot rovokopač, mora na primer izpolnjevati ustrezne zahteve iz delov 1, 3 in 10 standarda EN 474.
Ta standard vključuje tudi splošne zahteve za priključke za uporabo s stroji za zemeljska dela, ki spadajo na področje uporabe tega standarda.
Ta evropski standard (razen 12. dela) ne obravnava električnih nevarnosti, povezanih z glavnimi vezji in pogoni strojev, kadar je glavni vir energije električni.
Ta evropski standard ne obravnava vleke prikolic.
Ta evropski standard opisuje vsa večja tveganja, nevarne situacije in nevarne dogodke v zvezi s stroji za zemeljska dela, kadar se ti uporabljajo v skladu z njihovim namenom in pod pogoji pričakovane nepravilne uporabe, ki jih določi proizvajalec (glej točko 4). Ta evropski standard določa ustrezne tehnične ukrepe za odpravo ali zmanjšanje večjih tveganj, nevarnih situacij in nevarnih dogodkov med začetkom obratovanja, obratovanjem ter vzdrževanjem strojev za zemeljska dela.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za stroje za zemeljska dela, proizvedene pred datumom izdaje tega evropskega standarda s strani odbora CEN.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
03-Nov-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
17-Oct-2019
Due Date
22-Dec-2019
Completion Date
04-Nov-2019

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
English language
67 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
01-december-2019
Stroji za zemeljska dela - Varnost - 1. del: Splošne zahteve
Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 1: General requirements
Erdbaumaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen
Engins de terrassement - Sécurité - Partie 1: Prescriptions générales
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019
ICS:
53.100 Stroji za zemeljska dela Earth-moving machinery
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 53.100 Supersedes EN 474-1:2006+A5:2018
English Version
Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 1: General
requirements

Engins de terrassement - Sécurité - Partie 1: Erdbaumaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Allgemeine

Prescriptions générales Anforderungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1 October 2017 and includes Amendment 6 approved by CEN on 9 August

2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 10

4 List of significant hazards ......................................................................................................................... 12

5 Safety requirements and/or measures ................................................................................................ 12

6 Verification of safety requirements/measures ................................................................................. 30

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 31

Annex A (normative) List of significant hazards .............................................................................................. 36

Annex B (normative) +Requirements for attachment and quick coupler, ................................... 41

Annex C (informative) Requirements for no-text safety signs .................................................................... 42

Annex D (normative) Requirements for elevating operator's station ..................................................... 44

Annex E (normative) Requirements for lifting device(s) used for object handling application .... 46

Annex F (normative) Requirements for earth-moving machinery used in underground

working in non-explosive atmosphere ................................................................................................ 52

Annex G (normative) 'Demolition machinery ............................................................................................. 55

Annex ZA (informative) +Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC machinery, and amending Directive

95/16/EC (recast) [2006 L157] aimed to be covered ..................................................................... 60

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 65

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 151

“Construction equipment and building material machines — Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by

DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2020, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document includes Corrigendum 1 issued by CEN on 2014-03-05, Amendment 1, approved by CEN

on 2009-01-04, Amendment 3, approved by CEN on 2013-01-06, Amendment 4, approved by CEN on

2013-08-10, Amendment 5, approved by CEN on 2017-10-01 and Amendment 6, approved by CEN on

2019-08-09.
This document supersedes +EN 474-1:2006+A5:2018,.

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !"

and %& and '( and )* and +,.

The modifications of the related CEN Corrigendum have been implemented at the appropriate places in

the text and are indicated by the tags ˜™.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive.

!For relationship with EU Directive(s), see %informative Annex ZA&, which is an integral part of

this document."
EN 474 "Earth-moving machinery — Safety" comprises the following parts:
— Part 1: General requirements
— Part 2: Requirements for tractor-dozers
— Part 3: Requirements for loaders
— Part 4: Requirements for backhoe-loaders
— Part 5: Requirements for hydraulic excavators
— Part 6: Requirements for dumpers
— Part 7: Requirements for scrapers
— Part 8: Requirements for graders
— Part 9: Requirements for pipe-layers
— Part 10: Requirements for trenchers
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 (E)
— Part 11: Requirements for earth and landfill compactors
— Part 12: Requirements for cable excavators

For specific machines covered by other parts of the standard, this European Standard is intended for

use in combination with relevant other parts of the series.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 (E)
Introduction
This part of EN 474 is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100-1:2003.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are

covered are indicated in the scope of this European Standard.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B

standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other

standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C

standard.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This %European Standard& specifies the general safety requirements for earth-moving machinery

described in EN ISO 6165:2006, except rollers and horizontal directional drill.
NOTE 1 Rollers are covered by EN 500.
NOTE 2 Horizontal directional drills are covered by EN 791.

This %European Standard& also applies to derivative machinery (see 3.1.2) designed primarily for

use with equipment to loosen, pick-up, move, transport, distribute and grade earth and rock.

This %European Standard& gives the common safety requirements for earth-moving machinery

families and is intended to be used in conjunction with one of the EN 474 parts 2 to 12. These machine

specific parts (EN 474-2 to -12) do not repeat the requirements from !EN 474-1:2006+A1:2009",

but add or replace the requirements for the family in question.

NOTE 3 The requirements specified in this part of the standard are common to two or more families of earth-

moving machinery.
'This part gives specific requirements for demolition machinery.(

Specific requirements in EN 474 parts 2 to 12 take precedence over the respective requirements of

!EN 474-1:2006+A1:2009".

For multipurpose machinery the parts of the standard that cover the specific functions and applications

have to be used e.g. a compact loader also used as a trencher shall use the relevant requirements of EN

474 parts 1, 3 and 10.

The standard also covers general requirements for attachments intended to be used with earth moving

machine families covered in the scope.

!Except for part 12 this European Standard does not deal" with the electrical hazards related to the

main circuits and drives of machinery when the principal source of energy is electrical.

!This European Standard does not deal with towing of trailers."

This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to

earth-moving machinery, when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably

foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4). This European Standard specifies the appropriate

technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards, hazardous

situations and events during commissioning, operation and maintenance of earth-moving machinery.

This European Standard is not applicable to earth moving machines, which are manufactured before the

date of publication of this European Standard by CEN.

For travelling on public roads the national traffic regulations apply until harmonised requirements are available. (A CEN-

standard is under preparation.)
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 (E)
2 Normative references

%The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.&

EN 286-2:1992, Simple unfired pressure vessels designed to contain air or nitrogen — Part 2: Pressure

vessels for air braking and auxiliary systems for motor vehicles and their trailers

EN 287-1:2004, Qualification test of welders — Fusion welding — Part 1: Steels

'EN 356:1999, Glass in building — Security glazing — Testing and classification of resistance against

manual attack

EN 474-5:2006+A3:2013, Earth-moving machinery — Safety — Part 5: Requirements for hydraulic

excavators

EN 474-12:2006+A1:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Safety — Part 12: Requirements for cable

excavators(
!deleted text"

EN 982:1996, Safety of machinery — Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components

— Hydraulics

EN 1677-2:2000, Components for slings — Safety — Part 2: Forged steel lifting hooks with latch, Grade 8

!EN 12643:1997+A1:2008", Earth-moving machinery — Rubber-tyred machines — Steering

requirements (ISO 5010:1992, modified)

EN 13309:2000, Construction machinery — Electromagnetic compatibility of machines with internal

electrical power supply
!deleted text"

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code) (IEC 60529:1989)

EN 61310-1:1995, Safety of machinery — Indication, marking and actuation — Part 1: Requirements for

visual, auditory and tactile signals (IEC 61310-1:1995)

EN ISO 2860:1999, Earth-moving machinery — Minimum access dimensions (ISO 2860:1992)

)EN ISO 2867:2011, Earth-moving machinery — Access systems (ISO 2867:2011)*

!EN ISO 3411:2007, Earth-moving machinery — Physical dimensions of operators and minimum

operator space envelope (ISO 3411:2007)"

!EN ISO 3449:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Falling-object protective structures — Laboratory

tests and performance requirements (ISO 3449:2005)"

EN ISO 3450:1996, Earth-moving machinery — Braking systems of rubber-tyred machines — System and

performance requirements and test procedures (ISO 3450:1996)

EN ISO 3457:2003, Earth-moving machinery — Guards — Definitions and requirements (ISO 3457:2003)

!EN ISO 3471:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Roll-over protective structures — Laboratory tests

and performance requirements (ISO 3471:2008)"
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 (E)

'EN ISO 4414:2010, Pneumatic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and

their components (ISO 4414:2010)(

'EN ISO 4871:2009(, Acoustics — Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery

and equipment (ISO 4871:1996)

EN ISO 5353:1998, Earth-moving machinery, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry —

Seat index point (ISO 5353:1995)

EN ISO 6165:2006, Earth-moving machinery — Basic types — !deleted text" Identification and terms

and definitions (ISO 6165:2006)

EN ISO 6682:1995, Earth-moving machinery — Zones of comfort and reach for controls (ISO 6682:1986

including Amendment 1:1989)

EN ISO 6683:2005, Earth-moving machinery — Seat belts and seat belt anchorages — Performance

requirements and tests (ISO 6683:2005)

EN ISO 7096:2000, Earth-moving machinery — Laboratory evaluation of operator seat vibration

(ISO 7096:2000)

!EN ISO 11688-1:1998, Acoustics — Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and

equipment — Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)"

EN ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 1:

Basic terminology, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003)

EN ISO 12100-2:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 2:

Technical principles (ISO 12100-2:2003)

EN ISO 13732-1:2006, Ergonomics of the thermal environment — Methods for the assessment of human

responses to contact with surfaces — Part 1: Hot surfaces (ISO 13732-1:2006)

!EN ISO 13849-1:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1:

General principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2006)"

ISO 3795:1989, Road vehicles, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry — Determination

of burning behaviour of interior materials

ISO 3864-1:2002, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 1: Design principles for

safety signs in work places and public areas

ISO 3864-2:2004, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 2: Design principles for

product safety labels
!ISO 4250-3:2006", Earth-mover tyres and rims — Part 3: Rims

)ISO 5006:2017, Earth-moving machinery — Operator’s field of view — Test method and performance

criteria*
ISO 6011:2003, Earth-moving machinery — Visual display of machine operation
ISO 6014:1986, Earth-moving machinery — Determination of ground speed

ISO 6016:1998, Earth-moving machinery — Methods of measuring the masses of whole machines, their

equipment and components
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 (E)

!ISO 6395:2008, Earth-moving machinery — Determination of sound power level — Dynamic test

conditions"

!ISO 6396:2008", Earth-moving machinery — Determination of emission sound pressure level at

operator’s position — Dynamic test conditions

ISO 6405-1:2004, Earth-moving machinery — Symbols for operator controls and other displays — Part 1:

Common symbols

ISO 6405-2:1993, Earth-moving machinery — Symbols for operator controls and other displays — Part 2:

Specific symbols for machines, equipment and accessories
ISO 6749:1984, Earth-moving machinery — Preservation and storage

ISO 8643:1997, Earth-moving machinery — Hydraulic excavator and backhoe loader boom-lowering

control device — Requirements and tests

ISO 9533:1989, Earth-moving machinery — Machine mounted forward and reverse audible warning

alarm — Sound test method

'ISO 10262:1998, Earth-moving machinery — Hydraulic excavators — Laboratory tests and

performance requirements for operator protective guards(

!ISO/DIS 10263-2:2007, Earth-moving machinery — Operator enclosure environment — Part 2: Air

filter element test method"

!ISO/DIS 10263-3:2007, Earth-moving machinery — Operator enclosure environment — Part 3:

Pressurization test method"

!ISO/DIS 10263-4:2007, Earth-moving machinery — Operator enclosure environment — Part 4:

Heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) test method and performance"
ISO 10264:1990, Earth-moving machinery — Key-locked starting systems

!ISO 10265:2008", Earth-moving machinery — Crawler machines — Performance requirements and

test procedures for braking systems

ISO 10532:1995, Earth-moving machinery — Machine-mounted retrieval device — Performance

requirements
ISO 10533:1993, Earth-moving machinery — Lift-arm support devices

ISO 10570:2004, Earth-moving machinery — Articulated frame lock — Performance requirements

ISO 10968:2004, Earth-moving machinery — Operator’s controls

ISO 11112:1995, Earth-moving machinery — Operator’s seat — Dimensions and requirements

ISO 11862:1993, Earth-moving machinery — Auxiliary starting aid electrical connector

ISO 12508:1994, Earth-moving machinery — Operator station and maintenance areas — Bluntness of

edges

ISO 12509:2004, Earth-moving machinery — Lighting, signalling and marking lights, and reflex-reflector

devices
+ISO 13031:2016, Earth-moving machinery — Quick couplers — Safety,
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 (E)

ISO 13333:1994, Earth-moving machinery — Dumper body support and operator’s cab tilt support

devices

ISO 14396:2002, Reciprocating internal combustion engines — Determination and method for the

measurement of engine power — Additional requirements for exhaust emission tests in accordance with

ISO 8178

ISO 14401-1:2004, Earth-moving machinery — Field of vision of surveillance and rear-view mirrors —

Part 1: Test methods

ISO 14401-2:2004, Earth-moving machinery — Field of vision of surveillance and rear-view mirrors —

Part 2: Performance criteria

ISO 15817:2005, Earth-moving machinery — Safety requirements for remote operator control

!ISO 15998:2008", Earth-moving machinery — Machine-control systems (MCS) using electronic

components — Performance criteria and tests for functional safety
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this %document&, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100-1:2003 and

the following apply.
Earth-moving machinery and their families are defined in EN ISO 6165:2006.

NOTE Definitions used in EN and ISO standards referred to in this European Standard are also valid for this

document.
3.1
earth-moving machinery

self-propelled or towed machine on wheels, crawler or legs, having equipment and/or attachment

(working tool), primarily designed to perform excavating, loading, transporting, spreading, compacting

or trenching of earth, rock or similar materials

NOTE An earth-moving machine is normally operated by a ride-on operator but can also be remote – or

pedestrian –controlled.
3.1.1
compact machine

earth-moving machinery having an operating mass (see ISO 6016:1998) of 4 500 kg or less, or compact

excavators having an operating mass (see ISO 6016:1998) of 6 000 kg or less
3.1.2
derivative machinery

earth-moving machinery fitted with equipment and/or attachment which modifies its function

NOTE For the European Economic Area (EEA) the equipment or attachment or a piece of equipment as

defined in ISO 6016:1998 which modifies the function of the machine and is intended to be assembled by the

operator can be "interchangeable equipment" in the sense of the Machinery Directive.

3.2
attachment (working tool)

component or assembly of components, which can be mounted onto the base machine or equipment

(see ISO 6746-1:2003, ISO 6746-2:2003 and ISO 6016:1998) for a specific use
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 (E)

+Note 1 to entry: Attachments might be, in the meaning of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC, either

interchangeable equipment or tools. The term ‘attachments’ is used in this standard to cover both.,

+3.3
quick coupler

device mounted on an earth-moving machine to allow the quick interchange of attachments

Note 1 to entry: Quick couplers are also commonly referred to under many different names, including “quick

hitch” and “attachment bracket”. For the purposes of this International Standard, only the term “quick coupler” is

used.”.
[SOURCE: ISO 13031:2016, 3.1]

Note 2 to entry: Quick couplers are generally considered to be interchangeable equipment when placed on the

market separately, whether or not installed on the machine before first use, and when it is reasonably foreseeable

that they might be installed or removed by the operator (e.g. for installation on another machine).,

3.4
object handling

application of earth-moving machinery comprising lifting, lowering and transporting of a load by use of

lifting accessories, whereby the assistance of a person or the operator of the machine is required for

hooking, unhooking or stabilising (whilst transporting) the load

NOTE 1 If the load is picked-up by a self-acting device and no assistance of a person is required for hooking,

unhooking and stabilising the load, this work is considered as usual earth-moving application.

NOTE 2 Lifting accessories are, e.g., wire ropes, chains or textile straps; loads in object handling application are,

e.g., pipes, vessels; self-acting devices are, e.g., grabs, clamshell buckets, log clamps, vacuum lifting device,

magnetic plate and fork.
3.5
maximum rated operating/lift capacity in object handling

maximum capacity which can be lifted at least in one position of the working range as specified by the

manufacturer (e.g. on the rated object handling capacity table) in the most stable configuration (e.g.

outriggers down)

NOTE The term "rated operating capacity" is defined in ISO 14397-1:2002 and used in

!EN 474-3:2006+A1:2009" and !EN 474-4:2006+A1:2009". The term "rated lift capacity" is defined in

ISO 10567:1992 and used in !EN 474-5:2006+A3:2013". Both terms are equivalent.
'3.6
demolition machine

machine based on earth moving machinery (see EN ISO 6165) and including equipment and attachment

(working tool – e.g. processor or breaker) specifically designed to demolish, cut, loosen, separate, pick

up, transport and distribute component parts of buildings, civil engineering structures

3.7
processor

attachment with tooth, teeth and/or cutting edges, used for demolition or deconstruction

3.8
hydraulic hammer or breaker

equipment which uses the hydraulic power source of the carrier machine to accelerate a piston

(sometimes gas-assisted), which then hits a tool
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 (E)

Note 1 to entry: The stress wave generated by kinetic action flows through the tool into the material, which

causes the material to break. Hydraulic hammers need a supply of pressurised oil to function. The complete

carrier/hammer unit is controlled by an operator, usually seated in the cabin of the carrier.

3.9
high reach equipment

multi piece rigid or telescopic equipment with the primary function of operating specialised

attachments for the demolition of structures at heights that cannot be reached by standard backhoe

equipment
3.10
base machine

machine with a cab or canopy and operator protective structures if required, without equipment or

attachments but possessing the necessary mountings for such equipment and attachments

[SOURCE: ISO 6016:2008, 3.1.1](
4 List of significant hazards
See Annex A.

NOTE Annex A (normative) contains all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, as far as

they are dealt with in this European Standard, identified by risk assessment as common to two or more machinery

families and which require action to eliminate or reduce the risk.
5 Safety requirements and/or measures
5.1 General

Earth-moving machinery shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures of this

European Standard, as far as not modified by requirements of the relevant specific part of the standard

series. In addition, the machine shall be designed according to the principles of EN ISO 12100-1:2003

and EN ISO 12100-2:2003 for hazards relevant but not significant which are not dealt with by this

European Standard.
5.2 Access
5.2.1 General requirements

Adequate access systems shall be provided to the operator's station and areas where routine

maintenance has to be performed by the operator as described in the operator's manual. Access

)systems* shall comply with )EN ISO 2867:2011*.
Effect of mud on the means of access shall be minimised by adequate design.
5.2.2 Access to articulated machines

On machines with articulated frames and in the fully articulated steering position, a minimum clearance

of 150 mm for the lower limbs shall be provided !between firm structures and components with"

relative movement in the path of the access systems to the operator's station, as illustrated in Figure 1.

---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 1 — Minimum clearance of lower limbs at access to the operator's station on machines

with articulated steering
)deleted text*
5.3 Operator's station
5.3.1 General requirements
5.3.1.1 Machinery equipment

!The driving position of ride-on drivers shall be designed and constructed in such a way that a

driver's cab may be fitted, provided this does not increase the risk and there is room for it."

Machines with an operating mass less than 1 500 kg are not required to have a cab.

Machines with an operating mass greater than or equal to 1 500 kg shall be equipped with a cab, unless

the foreseeable adverse weather conditions allow all-year operation without a cab (negotiated between

manufacturer and user).

Machines shall be equipped with a cab and a contamination protective system if the machine is

intended for use in unhealthy environments, e.g. contaminated areas (negotiated between

manufacturer and user). See 5.14.1.

If a hazard due to projection of splinters exists, e.g. operation with a hydraulic- or demolition-hammer,

an adequate protection such as bullet proof glass, mesh guard or an equivalent protection is required.

5.3.1.2 Minimum space

The minimum space available to the operator shall be as defined in !EN ISO 3411:2007" (except as

amended in 5.3.2.5).

For compact machines the minimum space envelope width (dimension 920 mm in !EN ISO

3411:2007, Figure 4") may be reduced to 650 mm.

The minimum space and location of the controls at the operator's station shall meet the requirements

specified in EN ISO 6682:1995.
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN 474-1:2007+A6:2019
EN 474-1:2006+A6:2019 (E)
5.3.1.3 Moving parts

Measures shall be taken to avoid accidental contact from the operating position with moving parts, e.g.

the wheels, or tracks or working equipment and/or attachment in accordance with relevant subclauses

of 5.14.
5.3.1.4 Engine exhaust

The engine exhaust system shall release the exhaust gas away from the operator and the air inlet of the

cab.
5.3.1.5 Instruc
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.