Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Automatic Identification Systems (AIS) - Part 2: Class A shipborne equipment of the automatic identification system (AIS) - Operational and performance requirements, methods of test and required test results

This part of IEC 61993 specifies the minimum operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results conforming to performance standards adopted by the IMO in Resolution MSC.74(69), Annex 3, Shipborne Automatic Identification System. This standard incorporates the applicable technical characteristics of Class A shipborne equipment included in Recommendation ITU-R M.1371-4 and takes into account the ITU Radio Regulations, where applicable. In addition, it takes account of IMO Resolution A.694(17) to which IEC 60945 is associated. When a requirement in this standard is different from IEC 60945, the requirement of this standard takes precedence. This part of IEC 61993 also specifies the minimum requirements both for the means to input and display data and for the interfaces to other equipment suitable to be used as means of input and display data.

Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt - Automatische Identifikationssysteme (AIS) - Teil 2: Geräte der Klasse A des automatischen Identifikationssystems (AIS) für Schiffe - Betriebs- und Leistungsanforderungen, Prüfverfahren und geforderte Prüfergebnisse

Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunications maritimes - Systèmes d'identification automatique (AIS) - Partie 2: Equipements AIS de type Classe A embarqués - Exigences d'exploitation et de fonctionnement, méthodes d'essai et résultats d'essai exigés

Pomorska navigacijska in radiokomunikacijska oprema in sistemi - Sistemi za avtomatično identifikacijo (AIS) - 2. del: Ladijska oprema razreda A sistema za avtomatično identifikacijo (AIS) - Operativne in tehnične zahteve, preskusne metode in pričakovani rezultati preskušanja

Ta del standarda IEC 61993 določa minimalne operativne in izvedbene zahteve, preskusne metode in pričakovane rezultate preskušanja v skladu z izvedbenimi standardi, ki jih je sprejela Mednarodna pomorska organizacija v dodatku 3 k resoluciji MSC.74(69), Ladijski sistemi za avtomatično identifikacijo. Ta standard vključuje veljavne tehnične lastnosti ladijske opreme razreda A, ki je zajeta v priporočilu ITU-R M.1371-4 in upošteva pravilnik ITU o radiokomunikacijah, kadar je to primerno. Poleg tega upošteva resolucija Mednarodne pomorske organizacije A.694(17), s katero je povezan standard IEC 60945. Če se zahteva iz tega standarda razlikuje od zahteve iz standarda IEC 60945, ima prednost zahteva iz tega standarda. Ta del standarda IEC 61993 določa tudi minimalne zahteve za sredstva za vnos in prikaz podatkov ter vmesnike za drugo opremo, ki se lahko uporabljajo kot sredstva za vnos in prikaz podatkov.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
04-Feb-2013
Withdrawal Date
19-Sep-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
17-Sep-2021
Due Date
10-Oct-2021
Completion Date
20-Sep-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt - Automatische Identifikationssysteme (AIS) - Teil 2: Geräte der Klasse A des automatischen Identifikationssystems (AIS) für Schiffe - Betriebs- und Leistungsanforderungen, Prüfverfahren und geforderte PrüfergebnisseMatériels et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunications maritimes - Systèmes d'identification automatique (AIS) - Partie 2: Equipements AIS de type Classe A embarqués - Exigences d'exploitation et de fonctionnement, méthodes d'essai et résultats d'essai exigésMaritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Automatic Identification Systems (AIS) - Part 2: Class A shipborne equipment of the automatic identification system (AIS) - Operational and performance requirements, methods of test and required test results47.020.70Navigacijska in krmilna opremaNavigation and control equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 61993-2:2013SIST EN 61993-2:2013en01-marec-2013SIST EN 61993-2:2013SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 61993-2:2013
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 61993-2 NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM January 2013

CENELEC European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung

Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels
© 2013 CENELEC -

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 61993-2:2013 E
ICS 47.020.70 Supersedes EN 61993-2:2002
English version
Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems -
Automatic Identification Systems (AIS) -

Part 2: Class A shipborne equipment of the automatic identification system (AIS) -

Operational and performance requirements, methods of test and required test results (IEC 61993-2:2012)

Matériels et systèmes de navigation et de radiocommunications maritimes -
Systèmes d'identification automatique (AIS) -
Partie 2: Equipements AIS de type Classe A embarqués -

Exigences d'exploitation et de fonctionnement, méthodes d'essai et résultats d'essai exigés (CEI 61993-2:2012)

Navigations- und Funkkommunikationsgeräte und -systeme für die Seeschifffahrt -
Automatische
Identifikationssysteme (AIS) -

Teil 2: Geräte der Klasse A des universellen automatischen Identifikationssystems (AIS) für Schiffe -

Betriebs- und Leistungsanforderungen, Prüfverfahren und geforderte Prüfergebnisse (IEC 61993-2:2012)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2012-11-23. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 61993-2:2013

EN 61993-2:2013 - 2 -

Foreword The text of document 80/656/CDV, future edition 2 of IEC 61993-2, prepared by IEC TC 80 "Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN 61993-2:2013.

The following dates are fixed: • latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2013-08-23 • latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the document have to be withdrawn (dow) 2015-11-23

This document supersedes EN 61993-2:2002. EN 61993-2:2013 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to EN 61993-2:2002: It incorporates the technical characteristics included in Recommendation ITU-R M.1371-4, which was published in 2010. New technical characteristics result in sundry clarifications to the requirements and the ability to handle five new messages – Messages 23, 24, 25, 26 and 27. The significant changes in this edition include: − a new requirement in 6.9 for vessels of type “tanker” to use a low power setting; − expanded requirements for the functionality of the minimum keyboard and display in 6.11 including new requirements for display of AIS-SART together with an AIS-SART alarm and new requirements for the protection of the static data of the ship; − expanded requirements for the transmitters and receivers in 7.2 but with the removal of the previous requirement for 12,5 kHz channel operation which has not been used in practice; − expanded requirements for long-range applications in Clause 8 to add a broadcast method; − a definition of the pilot plug pin out in 7.6 together with some new requirements for interfaces; − extensively revised test methods in Clauses 14 to 19 based on the experience of testing AIS equipment; − expanded test methods in Annex D for DSC functionality but the removal of the previous requirement for DSC polling which is no longer used. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

SIST EN 61993-2:2013
- 3 - EN 61993-2:2013

Endorsement notice The text of the International Standard IEC 61993-2:2012 was approved by CENELEC as a European Standard without any modification. In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated: IEC 61097-14 NOTE

Harmonized as EN 61097-14. IEC 61108-1 NOTE
Harmonized as EN 61108-1. IEC 61108-2 NOTE
Harmonized as EN 61108-2. IEC 61162-3 NOTE
Harmonized as EN 61162-3. IEC 61162-450 NOTE
Harmonized as EN 61162-450. IEC 62287-1 NOTE
Harmonized as EN 62287-1. IEC 62320-1 NOTE
Harmonized as EN 62320-1. IEC 62320-2 NOTE
Harmonized as EN 62320-2. ISO 9000 series NOTE
Harmonized in EN ISO 9000 series.
SIST EN 61993-2:2013
EN 61993-2:2013 - 4 -
Annex ZA
(normative)

Normative references to international publications with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE

When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD applies.

Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60945 + corr. April

2002 2008 Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - General requirements - Methods of testing and required test results EN 60945 2002

IEC 61108 Series Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) EN 61108 Series

IEC 61162-1 - Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Digital interfaces - Part 1: Single talker and multiple listeners EN 61162-1 -

IEC 61162-2 - Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Digital interfaces - Part 2: Single talker and multiple listeners, high-speed transmission EN 61162-2 -

IEC 62288 - Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Presentation of navigation-related information on shipborne navigational displays - General requirements, methods of testing and required test results EN 62288 -

IEC 62388 - Maritime navigation and radio-communication equipment and systems - Shipborne radar - Performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results EN 62388 -

IMO Resolution A.694(17) - General requirements for shipborne radio equipment forming part of the global maritime distress and safety system (GMDSS) and for electronic navigational aids - -

IMO Resolution MSC.74(69)
- Recommendations on performance standards for Track control systems - -

IMO Resolution MSC.43(64) - Guidelines and Criteria for Ship Reporting Systems (as amended by MSC.111(73)) - -

ITU-R Recommendation M.1371-4 - Technical characteristics for an automatic identification system using time-division multiple access in the VHF maritime mobile band - -

ITU-R Recommendation M.825-3 - Characteristics of a transponder system using digital selective calling techniques for use with vessel traffic services and ship-to-ship identification - -

SIST EN 61993-2:2013
- 5 - EN 61993-2:2013

Publication Year Title EN/HD Year ITU-R Recommendation M.493-13 - Digital selective-calling system for use in the maritime mobile service - -

ITU-T Recommendation O.153

- Basic parameters for the measurement of error performance at bit rates below the primary rate - -

ITU-R Recommendation M.1084-5 - Interim solutions for improved efficiency in the use of the band 156-174 MHz by stations in the maritime mobile service - -

ITU-R Recommendation M.541-9 - Operational procedures for the use of digital selective-calling equipment in the maritime mobile service - -

SIST EN 61993-2:2013
SIST EN 61993-2:2013

IEC 61993-2 Edition 2.0 2012-10 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems – Automatic identification systems (AIS) Part 2: Class A shipborne equipment of the automatic identification system (AIS) – Operational and performance requirements, methods of test and required test results

INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION XF ICS 47.020.70 PRICE CODE ISBN 978-2-83220-416-0

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission ®

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor. SIST EN 61993-2:2013

– 2 – 61993-2 © IEC:2012(E) CONTENTS FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 9 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 11 1 Scope ............................................................................................................................. 12 2 Normative references ..................................................................................................... 12 3 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................. 13 4 General requirements ..................................................................................................... 14 4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 14 4.1.1 Overview ................................................................................................... 14 4.1.2 General requirements ................................................................................ 14 4.1.3 Capabilities of the AIS ............................................................................... 15 4.1.4 Additional requirements ............................................................................. 15 4.1.5 Transmitter shutdown procedure................................................................ 15 4.1.6 Quality assurance ...................................................................................... 15 4.2 Modes of operation ................................................................................................ 15 4.3 Manuals ................................................................................................................ 15 4.4 Marking and identification ...................................................................................... 16 5 Other requirements......................................................................................................... 16 5.1 Environmental, power supply, special purpose and safety requirements ................ 16 5.2 Display of information ............................................................................................ 16 6 Performance requirements ............................................................................................. 16 6.1 Composition .......................................................................................................... 16 6.2 Time and position .................................................................................................. 17 6.2.1 Source for UTC ......................................................................................... 17 6.2.2 Source for AIS position reporting ............................................................... 17 6.3 User interface ........................................................................................................ 17 6.4 Identification.......................................................................................................... 18 6.5 Information ............................................................................................................ 18 6.5.1 Information provided by the AIS ................................................................. 18 6.5.2 Information reporting intervals ................................................................... 19 6.5.3 Ship reporting capacity .............................................................................. 19 6.6 Event log ............................................................................................................... 20 6.7 Permissible initialization period ............................................................................. 20 6.8 Power supply ......................................................................................................... 20 6.9 Technical characteristics ....................................................................................... 20 6.10 Alarms and indications, fall-back arrangements ..................................................... 20 6.10.1 Built-in test equipment ............................................................................... 20 6.10.2 Alarm messages ........................................................................................ 21 6.10.3 Status messages ....................................................................................... 23 6.11 Display, input and output ....................................................................................... 26 6.11.1 Minimum keyboard and display (MKD) ....................................................... 26 6.11.2 Communication test ................................................................................... 28 6.11.3 Alarms and status information ................................................................... 29 6.11.4 Data protection .......................................................................................... 29 6.11.5 Distance calculation .................................................................................. 29 6.12 Protection from invalid controls ............................................................................. 30 7 Technical requirements .................................................................................................. 30 SIST EN 61993-2:2013

61993-2 © IEC:2012(E) – 3 – 7.1 General ................................................................................................................. 30 7.2 Physical layer ........................................................................................................ 30 7.2.1 General ..................................................................................................... 31 7.2.2 Transmitter parameters ............................................................................. 31 7.2.3 Receiver parameters ................................................................................. 32 7.3 Link layer .............................................................................................................. 32 7.3.1 General ..................................................................................................... 32 7.3.2 Link sublayer 1: Medium Access Control (MAC) ......................................... 33 7.3.3 Link sublayer 2: Data Link Service (DLS) ................................................... 33 7.3.4 Link sublayer 3 – Link Management Entity (LME) ...................................... 33 7.4 Network layer ........................................................................................................ 35 7.4.1 General ..................................................................................................... 35 7.4.2 Management of regional operating settings ............................................... 35 7.5 Transport layer ...................................................................................................... 37 7.6 Presentation interface ........................................................................................... 37 7.6.1 General ..................................................................................................... 37 7.6.2 Automatic input of sensor data .................................................................. 38 7.6.3 High speed input/output ports .................................................................... 38 7.6.4 Long-range communication ports ............................................................... 41 7.6.5 BIIT alarm output ....................................................................................... 43 8 Long-range applications ................................................................................................. 43 8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 43 8.2 Long-range application by two-way interface ......................................................... 43 8.2.1 General ..................................................................................................... 43 8.2.2 Interrogations and responses .................................................................... 44 8.2.3 Manual and automatic response ................................................................ 44 8.2.4 Data formats and contents ......................................................................... 44 8.2.5 Addressing AIS-units ................................................................................. 44 8.3 Long-range application by broadcast ..................................................................... 45 9 Test conditions ............................................................................................................... 45 9.1 Normal and extreme test conditions....................................................................... 45 9.1.1 Normal test conditions ............................................................................... 45 9.1.2 Extreme test conditions ............................................................................. 45 9.2 Standard test environment..................................................................................... 46 9.3 Additional test arrangements ................................................................................. 46 9.3.1 Arrangements for test signals applied to the receiver input ........................ 46 9.3.2 Encoder for receiver measurements .......................................................... 46 9.3.3 Waiver for receivers .................................................................................. 46 9.3.4 Impedance................................................................................................. 47 9.3.5 Artificial antenna (dummy load) ................................................................. 47 9.3.6 Facilities for access ................................................................................... 47 9.3.7 Modes of operation of the transmitter ........................................................ 47 9.4 Common test conditions for protection from invalid controls .................................. 47 9.5 Measurement uncertainties ................................................................................... 47 10 Test signals .................................................................................................................... 48 10.1 Standard test signal number 1 (DSC) .................................................................... 48 10.2 Standard test signal number 2 (TDMA) .................................................................. 48 10.3 Standard test signal number 3 (TDMA) .................................................................. 48 10.4 Standard test signal number 4 (PRBS) .................................................................. 48 SIST EN 61993-2:2013

– 4 – 61993-2 © IEC:2012(E) 10.5 Standard test signal number 5 (PRBS) .................................................................. 48 11 Power supply, special purpose and safety tests .............................................................. 49 12 Environmental tests ........................................................................................................ 49 13 EMC tests....................................................................................................................... 50 14 Operational tests ............................................................................................................ 50 14.1 Identification and operating modes ........................................................................ 50 14.1.1 Autonomous mode ..................................................................................... 50 14.1.2 Assigned mode .......................................................................................... 51 14.1.3 Polled mode .............................................................................................. 51 14.1.4 Addressed operation.................................................................................. 52 14.1.5 Broadcast operation .................................................................................. 52 14.1.6 Multiple slot messages .............................................................................. 53 14.2 Information ............................................................................................................ 53 14.2.1 Information provided by the AIS ................................................................. 54 14.2.2 Reporting intervals .................................................................................... 54 14.3 Event log ............................................................................................................... 55 14.3.1 Method of measurement ............................................................................ 56 14.3.2 Required results ........................................................................................ 56 14.4 Initialization period ................................................................................................ 56 14.4.1 Method of measurement ............................................................................ 56 14.4.2 Required results ........................................................................................ 56 14.5 Technical characteristics ....................................................................................... 56 14.5.1 Channel selection ...................................................................................... 56 14.5.2 Transceiver protection ............................................................................... 57 14.5.3 Automatic power setting ............................................................................ 57 14.6 Alarms and indicators, fall-back arrangements ...................................................... 57 14.6.1 Loss of power supply ................................................................................. 57 14.6.2 Monitoring of functions and integrity .......................................................... 57 14.6.3 Monitoring of sensor data .......................................................................... 59 14.7 Display, input and output ....................................................................................... 62 14.7.1 Data input/output facilities ......................................................................... 62 14.7.2 Initiate message transmission .................................................................... 62 14.7.3 Communication test ................................................................................... 63 14.7.4 System control........................................................................................... 63 14.7.5 Display of received targets ........................................................................ 64 14.7.6 Display of position quality .......................................................................... 65 14.7.7 Display of targets if optional filter is implemented ...................................... 65 14.7.8 Display of received safety related messages ............................................. 66 14.7.9 Presentation of navigation information ....................................................... 66 15 Physical tests ................................................................................................................. 66 15.1 TDMA transmitter .................................................................................................. 67 15.1.1 Frequency error ......................................................................................... 67 15.1.2 Carrier power ............................................................................................ 67 15.1.3 Slotted transmission spectrum ................................................................... 68 15.1.4 Modulation accuracy .................................................................................. 69 15.1.5 Transmitter output power characteristics ................................................... 69 15.2 TDMA receivers ..................................................................................................... 70 15.2.1 Sensitivity .................................................................................................. 70 SIST EN 61993-2:2013

61993-2 © IEC:2012(E) – 5 – 15.2.2 Error behaviour at high input levels ........................................................... 71 15.2.3 Co-channel rejection .................................................................................. 71 15.2.4 Adjacent channel selectivity ....................................................................... 72 15.2.5 Spurious response rejection ...................................................................... 72 15.2.6 Intermodulation response rejection and blocking ....................................... 75 15.2.7 Transmit to receive switching time ............................................................. 76 15.2.8 Immunity to out-of-band energy ................................................................. 77 15.3 Conducted spurious emissions .............................................................................. 77 15.3.1 Spurious emissions from the transmitter .................................................... 77 15.3.2 Spurious emissions from the receiver ........................................................ 78 16 Specific tests of link layer ............................................................................................... 78 16.1 TDMA synchronisation........................................................................................... 78 16.1.1 Synchronisation test using UTC ................................................................. 78 16.1.2 Synchronisation test using UTC with repeated messages .......................... 79 16.1.3 Synchronisation test without UTC, semaphore ........................................... 79 16.1.4 Synchronisation test without UTC .............................................................. 80 16.1.5 Reception of un-synchronised messages ................................................... 80 16.2 Time division (frame format) .................................................................................. 80 16.2.1 Method of measurement ............................................................................ 80 16.2.2 Required results ........................................................................................ 80 16.3 Synchronisation and jitter accuracy ....................................................................... 81 16.3.1 Definition ................................................................................................... 81 16.3.2 Method of measurement ............................................................................ 81 16.3.3 Required results ........................................................................................ 81 16.4 Data encoding (bit stuffing) ................................................................................... 81 16.4.1 Method of measurement .

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