Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties

This European Standard specifies requirements and methods of tests for mechanical and physical properties of toys.
This European Standard applies to toys for children, toys being any product or material designed or clearly intended for use in play by children of less than 14 years. It refers to new toys taking into account the period of foreseeable and normal use, and that the toys are used as intended or in a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the normal behaviour of children.
It includes specific requirements for toys intended for children under 36 months and for children who are too young to sit up unaided. For the purpose of this European Standard, soft-filled toys with simple features intended for holding and cuddling are considered as toys intended for children under 36 months.
This European Standard also specifies requirements for packaging, marking and labelling.
This European Standard does not cover musical instruments, sports equipment or similar items but does include their toy counterparts.
This European Standard does not cover electrical safety aspects of toys. These are covered by EN 50088, Safety of electric toys.
Furthermore, it does not cover the following items which, for the purpose of this European Standard, are not considered as toys:
   Christmas decorations (see A.2);
   detailed scale models for adult collectors (see A.2);
   equipment intended to be used collectively in playgrounds;
   sports equipment;
   aquatic equipment intended to be used in deep water;
   folk dolls and decorative dolls and other similar articles for adult collectors;
   "professional" toys installed in public places (shopping centres, stations etc.) (see A.2);
   puzzles with more than 500 pieces or without picture, intended for specialists;
   air guns and air pistols (see A.2);
   fireworks, including percussion caps except percussion caps specifically designed for toys;
   slings and catapults (see A.2);
   sets of darts with metallic points;

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 1: Mechanische und physikalische Eigenschaften

Dieses Dokument legt Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für die mechanischen und physikalischen Eigenschaften von Spielzeug fest.
Dieses Dokument gilt für Kinderspielzeug, d. h. für alle Erzeugnisse oder Materialien, die konstruiert bzw. eindeutig dafür bestimmt sind, von Kindern unter 14 Jahren zum Spielen benutzt zu werden. Es gilt für Spielzeug im Neuzustand, berücksichtigt jedoch sowohl die bei bestimmungsgemäßem bzw. vorhersehbarem Gebrauch vorhersehbare, übliche Benutzungsdauer als auch das übliche kindgemäße Verhalten.
Es enthält spezifische Anforderungen an Spielzeug für Kinder unter 36 Monaten und für Kinder, die zu jung sind, um ohne Hilfe sitzen zu können. Spielzeug mit weicher Füllung und einfachen Formen zum Halten und Kuscheln wird für die Anwendung dieses Dokumentes als Spielzeug für Kinder unter 36 Monaten eingestuft.
Dieses Dokument legt ferner Anforderungen an Verpackung, Kennzeichnung und Beschriftung fest.
Dieses Dokument erfasst keine Musikinstrumente, Sportgeräte und Ähnliches. Sie schließt jedoch deren entsprechende Spielzeugvarianten ein.
Aspekte der elektrotechnischen Sicherheit des Spielzeugs werden in diesem Dokument nicht erfasst. Diese sind Inhalt von EN 50088 "Sicherheit elektrischer Spielzeuge".
Außerdem werden folgende Erzeugnisse, die für die Anwendung dieses Dokuments nicht als Spielzeug gelten, nicht behandelt:
-   Christbaumschmuck (siehe A.2);
-   naturgetreu nachgebildete Modelle für erwachsene Sammler (siehe A.2);
-   Geräte, die gemeinschaftlich auf Spielplätzen verwendet werden;
-   Sportgeräte;
-   Wassersportgeräte zur Verwendung in tiefem Wasser;
-   Folklorepuppen sowie dekorative Puppen und ähnliche Artikel für erwachsene Sammler;
-   "Professionelles" Spielzeug, das an öffentlich zugänglichen Orten (Kaufhäusern, Bahnhöfen usw.) aufgestellt ist (siehe A.2);
-                Puzzlespiele mit mehr als 500 Teilen bzw. ohne Vorlage für Spezialisten;

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 1: Propriétés mécaniques et physiques

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences et les méthodes d'essai pour les propriétés mécaniques et physiques des jouets.
La présente Norme européenne s'applique aux jouets pour enfants ; on entend par "jouet" tout produit ou matériau conçu ou manifestement destiné a etre utilisé a des fins de jeux par des enfants d'un âge inférieur a 14 ans. Il fait référence a des jouets neufs et en tenant compte de la durée d’utilisation normale et prévisible et de conditions normales ou prévisibles d’utilisation des jouets, eu égard au comportement habituel des enfants.
Elle comporte des exigences spécifiques pour les jouets destinés aux enfants de moins de 36 mois et a ceux qui sont trop jeunes pour s'asseoir tout seuls. Pour les besoins de la présente Norme européenne, les jouets souples rembourrés simples a tenir et câliner sont considérés comme des jouets destinés aux enfants de moins de 36 mois.
La présente Norme européenne spécifie également des exigences relatives a l'emballage, au marquage et a l'étiquetage.
Elle ne traite pas des instruments de musique, des équipements de sports ou autres produits semblables mais elle concerne leurs contreparties en jouet.
Elle ne traite pas de l'aspect de sécurité électrique des jouets, qui fait l'objet de l'EN 50088, Sécurité des jouets électriques.
En outre, elle ne traite pas des articles qui, pour les besoins de la présente Norme européenne, ne sont pas considérés comme des jouets :
-   les ornements de Noël (voir A.2) ;
-   les modeles réduits, construits a l'échelle en détails pour collectionneurs adultes (voir A.2) ;
-   les équipements destinés a etre utilisés collectivement sur des terrains de jeu ;
-   les équipements de sports ;
-   les équipements nautiques destinés a etre utilisés en eau profonde ;
-   les poupées folkloriques et décoratives et autres articles similaires pour collectionneurs adultes ;
-   les jouets "professionnels" installés dans des endroits publics (grandes surfaces, gares, etc.) (voir A.2)

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EN 71-1:2006
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Standards Content (Sample)

SIST EN 71-1:2006
SIST EN 71-1:2000
SIST EN 71-1:2000/A1:2002
SIST EN 71-1:2000/A10:2005
SIST EN 71-1:2000/A11:2005
SIST EN 71-1:2000/A2:2002
SIST EN 71-1:2000/A4:2004
SIST EN 71-1:2000/A5:2002
SIST EN 71-1:2000/A6:2002
SIST EN 71-1:2000/A7:2002
SIST EN 71-1:2000/A8:2003
SIST EN 71-1:2000/A9:2004
Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties
Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 1: Mechanische und physikalische Eigenschaften
Sécurité des jouets - Partie 1: Propriétés mécaniques et physiques
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 71-1:2005
97.200.50 ,JUDþH Toys
SIST EN 71-1:2006 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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EN 71-1
October 2005
ICS 97.200.50 Supersedes EN 71-1:1998
English Version
Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties
Sécurité des jouets - Partie 1: Propriétés mécaniques et Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 1: Mechanische und
physiques physikalische Eigenschaften
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 September 2005.
CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36  B-1050 Brussels
© 2005 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 71-1:2005: E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

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EN 71-1:2005 (E)
Contents Page
Foreword .6
1 Scope (see A.2) .8
2 Normative references .9
3 Terms and definitions.9
4 General requirements .14
4.1 Material (see A.3).14
4.2 Assembly (see A.4) .14
4.3 Flexible plastic sheeting (see A.5 and A.16) .15
4.4 Toy bags .15
4.5 Glass (see 5.7 and A.6) .15
4.6 Expanding materials (see A.7) .15
4.7 Edges (see A.8) .15
4.8 Points and wires (see A.9).16
4.9 Protruding parts (see A.10) .16
4.10 Parts moving against each other.16
4.10.1 Folding and sliding mechanisms (see A.11).16
4.10.2 Driving mechanisms (see A.12) .18
4.10.3 Hinges (see A.13) .18
4.10.4 Springs (see A.14).18
4.11 Mouth-actuated toys (see A.15) .19
4.12 Balloons (see 4.3 and A.16).19
4.13 Cords of toy kites and other flying toys (see A.17) .19
4.14 Enclosures.19
4.14.1 Toys which a child can enter (see A.18).19
4.14.2 Masks and helmets (see A.19) .20
4.15 Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (see A.20) .21
4.15.1 Toys propelled by a child or by other means .21
4.15.2 Free-wheeling toy bicycles (see A.20).23

4.15.3 Rocking horses and similar toys (see A.21) .24
4.15.4 Toys not propelled by a child.25
4.15.5 Toy scooters (see A.49).25
4.16 Heavy immobile toys .26
4.17 Projectiles (see A.22) .26
4.17.1 General .26
4.17.2 Projectile toys without stored energy .27
4.17.3 Projectile toys with stored energy.27
4.17.4 Bows and arrows .27
4.18 Aquatic toys (see A.23).28
4.19 Percussion caps specifically designed for use in toys (see A.24).28
4.20 Acoustics (see A.25).28
4.21 Toys containing a heat source.29
4.22 Small balls (see 5.10 and A.48) .29
5 Toys intended for children under 36 months.29
5.1 General requirements (see A.26) .29
5.2 Filling materials (see A.27).30
5.3 Plastic sheeting (see A.28).30
5.4 Cords on toys (see A.29) .31
5.5 Liquid-filled toys (see A.30).31

5.6 Speed limitation of electrically driven toys.32

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EN 71-1:2005 (E)

5.7 Glass and porcelain (see 4.5 and A.6).32
5.8 Shape and size of certain toys (see A.31) .32
5.9 Toys comprising monofilament fibres (see A.32).32
5.10 Small balls (see also 4.22 and A.48) .32
5.11 Play figures.33
5.12 Hemispheric-shaped toys (see A.50).33
5.13 Suction cups .35
6 Packaging.36
7 Warnings and instructions for use (see A.33) .36
7.1 General .36
7.2 Toys not intended for children under 36 months (see A.34) .36
7.3 Latex balloons (see 4.12 and A.16).37
7.4 Aquatic toys (see 4.18 and A.23) .37

7.5 Functional toys (see A.35).37
7.6 Hazardous sharp functional edges and points (see 4.7 and 4.8) .37
7.7 Projectiles (see 4.17.3 c) and 4.17.4 c)) .37
7.8 Imitation protective masks and helmets (see 4.14.2 and A.19) .37
7.9 Toy kites (see 4.13) .38
7.10 Roller skates, inline skates and toy skateboards (see
7.11 Toys intended to be strung across a cradle, cot, or perambulator (see 5.4 e)).38
7.12 Liquid-filled teethers (see 5.5).38
7.13 Percussion caps specifically designed for use in toys (see 4.19) .38
7.14 Acoustics (see 4.20 f)) .38
7.15 Toy bicycles (see .38
7.16 Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (see 4.10.1 and
7.17 Toys comprising monofilament fibres (see 5.9) .39
7.18 Small balls (see 4.22).39
7.19 Toy scooters (see .39
8 Test methods.40
8.1 General requirements for testing.40
8.2 Small parts cylinder (see 4.6, 4.11, 4.18, 5.1, 5.2 and A.36) .40
8.3 Torque test (see 4.6, 4.11, 4.14.2, 4.18, 4.22, 5.1, 5.10, 5.12 and 5.13).40
8.4 Tension test (see A.37).41

8.4.1 Apparatus .41
8.4.2 Procedure .41
8.5 Drop test (see 4.6, 4.10.2, 4.14.2, 4.22, 5.1, 5.10, 5.12 and 5.13).42
8.6 Tip over test (see 4.10.2, 4.22, 5.1, 5.10 and 5.12).42
8.7 Impact test (see 4.6, 4.10.2, 4.14.2, 4.22, 5.1, 5.10, 5.12, 5.13 and A.38).43
8.8 Compression test (see 4.6, 4.14.2, 4.22, 5.1, 5.10, 5.12, 5.13 and A.39).43
8.9 Soaking test (see 4.11, 5.1, 5.10 and 5.12) .43
8.10 Accessibility of a part or component (see 4.5, 4.7, 4.8, 4.10.2, 4.10.4,, 4.21, 5.1 and
8.10.1 Principle.43
8.10.2 Apparatus .43
8.10.3 Procedure .43
8.11 Sharpness of edges (see 4.7, 4,9, 4.10.2, 4.14.2, and 5.1) .46
8.11.1 Principle.46
8.11.2 Apparatus .46
8.11.3 Procedure .47
8.12 Sharpness of points (see 4.8, 4.10.2, 4.14.2,, 5.1 and A.40) .47
8.12.1 Principle.47
8.12.2 Apparatus .47
8.12.3 Procedure .48
8.13 Flexibility of wires (see 4.8 and A.41).49
8.14 Expanding materials (see 4.6).49
8.15 Leakage of liquid-filled toys (see 5.5 and A.42).50
8.16 Geometric shape of certain toys (see 5.8, 5.11 and A.43).50
8.17 Durability of mouth-actuated toys (see 4.11 c) and A.44) .51
8.18 Folding or sliding mechanisms (see 4.10.1 and A.45).51

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EN 71-1:2005 (E)

8.18.1 Loads .51
8.18.2 Toy pushchairs and perambulators.52
8.18.3 Other collapsible toys (see 4.10.1 c)) .53
8.19 Electric resistivity of cords (see 4.13) .53
8.20 Cord thickness (see 5.4).53
8.21 Static strength (see,, 4.15.3, 4.15.4 and A.46).53
8.22 Dynamic strength (see
8.22.1 Principle.54
8.22.2 Loads .54
8.22.3 Procedure .55
8.23 Stability.57
8.23.1 Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (see, 4.15.3 and 4.15.4).57
8.23.2 Heavy immobile toys (see 4.16) .57
8.24 Determination of kinetic energy (see A.47).57
8.24.1 Kinetic energy of projectiles (see 4.17.3) .57
8.24.2 Kinetic energy of bows and arrows (see 4.17.4).58
8.25 Plastic sheeting.58
8.25.1 Thickness (see 4.3, 5.3 and 6).58
8.25.2 Adhesion (see 5.3) .58
8.26 Brake performance .58
8.26.1 Brake performance for toys other than toy bicycles (see
8.26.2 Brake performance for toy bicycles (see .59
8.26.3 Brake performance for toy scooters (see
8.27 Strength of toy scooter steering tubes (see .60
8.27.1 Resistance to downward forces .60
8.27.2 Resistance to upward forces .61
8.28 Determination of emission sound pressure levels (see 4.20).61
8.28.1 Installation and mounting conditions.61
8.28.2 Measurement procedure .63
8.29 Determination of speed of electrically driven ride-on toys (see 5.6).67
8.30 Measurement of temperature rises (see 4.21).67
8.31 Toy chest lids (see 4.14.1 c)).67
8.31.1 Lid support .67
8.31.2 Durability test for vertically opening hinged lids .68
8.32 Small balls and suction cups test (see 4.22, 5.10 and 5.13) .68
8.33 Test for play figures (see 5.11).68
Annex A (informative) Background and rationale for this document.69

A.1 General .69
A.2 Scope (see 1).69
A.3 Material (see 4.1) .70
A.4 Assembly (see 4.2).70
A.5 Flexible plastic sheeting (see 4.3).70
A.6 Glass (see 4.5 and 5.7).70
A.7 Expanding materials (see 4.6).70
A.8 Edges (see 4.7).71
A.9 Points and wires (see 4.8) .71
A.10 Protruding parts (see 4.9).71
A.11 Folding and sliding mechanisms (see 4.10.1).72

A.12 Driving mechanisms (see 4.10.2).72
A.13 Hinges (see 4.10.3).72
A.14 Springs (see 4.10.4) .73
A.15 Mouth-actuated toys (see 4.11).73
A.16 Balloons (see 4.3, 4.12 and 7.3) .73
A.17 Cords of toy kites (see 4.13).73
A.18 Toys which a child can enter (see 4.14.1) .74
A.19 Masks and helmets (see 4.14.2 and 7.8).74
A.20 Toys intended to bear the mass of a child (see 4.15).74
A.21 Rocking horses and similar toys (see 4.15.3).75
A.22 Projectiles (see 4.17).75

A.23 Aquatic toys (see 4.18 and 7.4) .75

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EN 71-1:2005 (E)

A.24 Percussion caps specifically designed for use in toys (see 4.19) .76
A.25 Acoustics (see 4.20).76
A.26 General requirements for toys intended for children under 36 months (see 5.1).76
A.27 Filling materials (see 5.2) .77
A.28 Plastic sheeting (see 5.3) .77
A.29 Cords on toys (see 5.4).77
A.30 Liquid-filled toys (see 5.5 and A.42) .77
A.31 Shape and size of certain toys (see 5.8 and A.43).78
A.32 Toys comprising monofilament fibres (see 5.9) .78
A.33 Warnings and instructions for use (see 7.1).78
A.34 Warning for toys not intended for children under 36 months (see 7.2).78
A.35 Warnings in connection with functional toys (see 7.5).78
A.36 Small parts cylinder (see 8.2).79
A.37 Tension test (see 8.4).79
A.38 Impact test (see 8.7).79
A.39 Compression test (see 8.8) .79
A.40 Sharpness of points (see 8.12) .79
A.41 Flexibility of wires (see 8.13).79
A.42 Leakage of liquid-filled teethers (see 8.15 and A.30) .79
A.43 Geometric shape of certain toys (see 8.16 and A.31).79
A.44 Durability of mouth-actuated toys (see 8.17).80
A.45 Folding or slidi

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