Railway applications - Track - Track alignment design parameters - Track gauges 1435 mm and wider

The purpose of this European standard is to specify rules and limits for track alignment design parameters, including alignments within switches and crossings. Several of these limits are functions of speed. Alternatively, for a given track alignment, it specifies rules and limits that determine permissible speed.
This European Standard applies to track gauges 1435 mm and wider with speeds up to 360 km/h. Informative Annex A describes the conversion rules which should be applied for tracks with gauges wider than 1435 mm. Normative Annex B is applied for track gauges wider than 1435 mm.
This European Standard is also applicable where track alignment takes into account vehicles that have been approved for high cant deficiencies (including tilting trains).
More restrictive requirements of the Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TSI) and other (national, company, etc.) rules will apply.
This European Standard need not be applicable to lines or dedicated parts of railway infrastructure that are not interoperable with railway vehicles tested and approved according to European Standard EN 14363.

Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Linienführung in Gleisen - Spurweiten 1 435 mm und größer

Der Zweck dieser Europäischen Norm besteht in der Festlegung der Regeln und Grenzwerte für die Linienführung in Gleisen, einschließlich der Trassierung in Weichen und Kreuzungen. Verschiedene dieser Grenzwerte sind Funktionen der Geschwindigkeit. Alternativ legt die Norm für eine vorhandene Trassierung die Regeln und Grenzwerte fest, die die zulässige Geschwindigkeit bestimmen.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für nominale Spurweiten von 1 435 mm und größer mit Geschwindigkeiten bis zu 360 km/h. Der normative Anhang A beschreibt die Umrechnungsregeln, die für Gleise mit nominalen Spurweiten größer als 1 435 mm anzuwenden sind. Der normative Anhang B wird für nominale Spurweiten von 1 520 mm, 1 524 mm und 1 668 mm angewendet.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt auch für Fälle, in denen die Trassierung Fahrzeuge berücksichtigt, die für hohe Überhöhungsfehlbeträge zugelassen sind (einschließlich Neigetechnik-Zügen).
Stärker einschränkende Anforderungen der Technischen Spezifikationen für die Interoperabilität des Teilsystems "Infrastruktur" des Bahnsystems der Europäischen Union (TSI INF) sowie weitere (nationale, firmeninterne usw.) Regeln sind zu beachten.
Diese Europäische Norm muss nicht auf Strecken oder zweckbestimmte Teile der Eisenbahninfrastruktur angewendet, welche nicht mit Eisenbahnfahrzeugen interoperabel sind, die nach EN 14363 geprüft und zugelassen wurden.

Applications ferroviaires - Voies - Paramètres de conception du tracé de la voie - Écartement 1435 mm et plus large

L'objectif de la présente Norme européenne est de spécifier les règles et limites pour les paramètres de tracé de voie, y compris dans les appareils de voie. Plusieurs de ces limites dépendent de la vitesse. En outre, pour un tracé de voie spécifique, elle spécifie les règles et les limites qui déterminent la vitesse admissible.
La présente Norme européenne s'applique aux écartements de voie nominaux de 1 435 mm et plus, parcourues à des vitesses pouvant aller jusqu'à 360 km/h. L'Annexe A normative décrit les règles de conversion qui doivent être appliquées pour les voies dont l'écartement nominal est supérieur à 1 435 mm. L'Annexe B normative s'applique aux écartements de voie nominaux de 1 520 mm, 1 524 mm et 1 668 mm.
La présente Norme européenne est également applicable lorsque le tracé de voie prend en compte les véhicules qui ont été homologués pour d'importantes insuffisances de dévers (y compris les trains pendulaires).
Des exigences plus restrictives des Spécifications techniques d'interopérabilité relatives au sous-système « Infrastructure » du système ferroviaire dans l'Union européenne (STI INF) et d'autres règles (nationales, d'entreprise, etc.) s'appliquent.
Il n'est pas nécessaire d'appliquer la présente Norme européenne aux lignes ou parties dédiées d'infrastructure ferroviaire non interopérables avec des véhicules ferroviaires soumis à l'essai et homologués conformément à l'EN 14363.

Železniške naprave - Zgornji ustroj proge - Parametri za načrtovanje trase proge - Tirne širine 1435 mm in več

Namen tega evropskega standarda je določiti pravila in omejitve za parametre za načrtovanje trase proge, vključno z načrtovanjem kretnic in križišč. Več teh omejitev predstavlja funkcije hitrosti. Za določene parametre za načrtovanje trase proge pa lahko določa pravila in omejitve, ki določajo dovoljeno hitrost. Ta evropski standard se uporablja za tirne širine 1435 mm in več ter hitrosti do 360 km/h. Informativni dodatek A opisuje pravila za pretvorbo, ki jih je treba uporabiti za tirnice s profili, ki so širši od 1435 mm. Normativni dodatek B se uporablja za tirne širine, ki so večje od 1435 mm. Ta evropski standard se uporablja tudi, kadar načrtovanje trase zajema vozila, ki so bila odobrena za velik primanjkljaj nadvišanja (vključno z nagibnimi vlaki). Uporabljajo se strožje zahteve tehničnih specifikacij za interoperabilnost (TSI) in druga pravila (nacionalne zahteve, zahteve podjetij itd.). Tega evropskega standarda ni treba uporabljati za tire ali namenske dele železniške infrastrukture, ki niso inteoperabilni z železniškimi vozili, ki so bila preskušena in potrjena v skladu z evropskim standardom EN 14363.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
17-Aug-2014
Publication Date
16-May-2017
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
09-May-2017
Due Date
14-Jul-2017
Completion Date
17-May-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 13803:2017
01-julij-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13803-1:2010
SIST EN 13803-2:2007+A1:2010

äHOH]QLãNHQDSUDYH=JRUQMLXVWURMSURJH3DUDPHWUL]DQDþUWRYDQMHWUDVHSURJH

7LUQHãLULQHPPLQYHþ

Railway applications - Track - Track alignment design parameters - Track gauges 1435

mm and wider
Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Linienführung in Gleisen - Spurweiten 1 435 mm und
größer

Applications ferroviaires - Voies - Paramètres de conception du tracé de la voie -

Écartement 1435 mm et plus large
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 13803:2017
ICS:
45.080 7UDþQLFHLQåHOH]QLãNLGHOL Rails and railway
components
93.100 Gradnja železnic Construction of railways
SIST EN 13803:2017 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 13803:2017
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SIST EN 13803:2017
EN 13803
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2017
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 93.100 Supersedes EN 13803-1:2010, EN 13803-
2:2006+A1:2009
English Version
Railway applications - Track - Track alignment design
parameters - Track gauges 1 435 mm and wider

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Paramètres de Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Trassierungsparameter

conception du tracé de la voie - Écartement 1 435 mm - Spurweiten 1 435 mm und größer

et plus large
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 21 December 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13803:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 13803:2017
EN 13803:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Symbols and abbreviations ...................................................................................................................... 10

5 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.1 Background .................................................................................................................................................... 11

5.2 Alignment characteristics ......................................................................................................................... 11

6 Limits for 1 435 mm gauge ....................................................................................................................... 13

6.1 Radius of horizontal curve R .................................................................................................................... 13

6.2 Cant D ................................................................................................................................................................ 13

6.3 Cant deficiency I ............................................................................................................................................ 14

6.4 Cant excess E .................................................................................................................................................. 16

6.5 Length of cant transitions L and transition curves in the horizontal plane L ..................... 17

D K

6.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

6.5.2 Lengths of linear cant transitions and clothoids .............................................................................. 17

6.5.3 Lengths of transition curves with non-constant gradient of curvature and cant ................. 18

6.6 Cant gradient dD/ds .................................................................................................................................... 19

6.7 Rate of change of cant dD/dt .................................................................................................................... 19

6.8 Rate of change of cant deficiency dI/dt ................................................................................................ 20

6.9 Length of constant cant between two linear cant transitions L .................................................. 21

6.10 Abrupt change of horizontal curvature ................................................................................................ 22

6.11 Abrupt change of cant deficiency ΔI ...................................................................................................... 22

6.12 Length between two abrupt changes of horizontal curvature L ................................................ 22

6.13 Length between two abrupt changes of cant deficiency L ............................................................ 23

6.14 Track gradients p ......................................................................................................................................... 24

6.15 Vertical radius Rv .......................................................................................................................................... 25

6.16 Length of vertical curves L ....................................................................................................................... 25

6.17 Abrupt change of track gradient Δp ...................................................................................................... 26

Annex A (normative) Rules for converting parameter values for track gauges wider than

1 435 mm ......................................................................................................................................................... 27

A.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 27

A.2 Symbols and abbreviations ...................................................................................................................... 27

A.3 Basic assumptions and equivalence rules ........................................................................................... 29

A.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 29

A.3.2 Basic formulae ............................................................................................................................................... 29

A.3.3 Basic data ........................................................................................................................................................ 30

A.4 Detailed conversion rules ......................................................................................................................... 30

A.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 30

A.4.2 Cant D (Subclause 6.2 of the main body of the standard) ............................................................ 30

A.4.3 Cant deficiency I (Subclause 6.3 of the main body of the standard) ........................................ 32

A.4.4 Cant excess E (Subclause 6.4 of the main body of the standard) ............................................... 33

A.4.5 Lengths of cant transitions L and transition curves in the horizontal plane L

D K

(Subclause 6.5 of the main body of the standard) ............................................................................ 33

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SIST EN 13803:2017
EN 13803:2017 (E)

A.4.6 Cant gradient dD /ds (Subclause 6.6 of the main body of the standard) ................................. 34

A.4.7 Rate of change of cant dD /dt (Subclause 6.7 of the main body of the standard) ................. 34

A.4.8 Rate of change of cant deficiency dI /dt (Subclause 6.8 of the main body of the

standard) ......................................................................................................................................................... 35

A.4.9 Abrupt change of curvature and abrupt change of cant deficiency ΔI

(Subclauses 6.10 and 6.11 of the main body of the standard)...................................................... 36

A.4.10 Other parameters (Subclauses 6.1, 6.9, 6.12, 6.13, 6.14, 6.15, 6.16 and 6.17 of the

main body of the standard) ....................................................................................................................... 36

Annex B (normative) Track alignment design parameter limits for track gauges wider than

1 435 mm ......................................................................................................................................................... 37

B.1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 37

B.2 Requirements for a gauge of 1 520 mm and 1 524 mm .................................................................. 37

B.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 37

B.2.2 Radius of horizontal curve R ................................................................................................................... 37

B.2.3 Cant D ............................................................................................................................................................... 37

B.2.4 Cant deficiency I ........................................................................................................................................... 38

B.2.5 Cant excess E ................................................................................................................................................. 39

B.2.6 Length of cant transitions L and transition curves in the horizontal plane L .................. 39

D1 K1

B.2.7 Cant gradient dD /ds ................................................................................................................................... 40

B.2.8 Rate of change of cant dD /dt ................................................................................................................... 41

B.2.9 Rate of change of cant deficiency dI /dt ............................................................................................... 41

B.2.10 Length of constant cant between two linear cant transitions L ................................................ 42

B.2.11 Abrupt change of horizontal curvature ................................................................................................ 43

B.2.12 Abrupt change of cant deficiency ΔI ..................................................................................................... 43

B.2.13 Length between two abrupt changes of horizontal curvature L ............................................... 43

B.2.14 Length between two abrupt changes of cant deficiency L ........................................................... 43

B.2.15 Track gradients p ........................................................................................................................................ 44

B.2.16 Vertical radius R ......................................................................................................................................... 44

B.2.17 Length vertical curves L .......................................................................................................................... 44

B.2.18 Abrupt change of track gradient Δp ..................................................................................................... 44

B.3 Requirements for a gauge of 1 668 mm ................................................................................................ 44

B.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 44

B.3.2 Radius of horizontal curve R ................................................................................................................... 44

B.3.3 Cant D ............................................................................................................................................................... 44

B.3.4 Cant deficiency I ........................................................................................................................................... 45

B.3.5 Cant excess E1 ................................................................................................................................................. 46

and transition curves in the horizontal plane L .................. 46
B.3.6 Length of cant transitions LD1 K1

B.3.7 Cant gradient dD /ds ................................................................................................................................... 47

B.3.8 Rate of change of cant dD /dt ................................................................................................................... 48

B.3.9 Rate of change of cant deficiency dI /dt ............................................................................................... 49

B.3.10 Length of constant cant between two linear cant transitions L ................................................ 50

B.3.11 Abrupt change of horizontal curvature ................................................................................................ 50

B.3.12 Abrupt change of cant deficiency ΔI ..................................................................................................... 50

B.3.13 Length between two abrupt changes of horizontal curvature L ............................................... 51

B.3.14 Length between two abrupt changes of cant deficiency L ........................................................... 51

B.3.15 Track gradients p1 ........................................................................................................................................ 51

B.3.16 Vertical radius R ......................................................................................................................................... 51

B.3.17 Length vertical curves L .......................................................................................................................... 52

B.3.18 Abrupt change of track gradient Δp ..................................................................................................... 52

Annex C (informative) Supplementary information about shape and length of transition

curves ................................................................................................................................................................ 53

C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 53

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SIST EN 13803:2017
EN 13803:2017 (E)

C.2 Definitions and properties of different transition curves and cant transitions.................... 53

C.2.1 Definitions ...................................................................................................................................................... 53

C.2.2 Properties ....................................................................................................................................................... 54

C.3 Further aspects that may be considered for a progressive track alignment design ........... 59

C.3.1 Background .................................................................................................................................................... 59

C.3.2 Progressive track alignment design ...................................................................................................... 59

Annex D (informative) Constraints and risks associated with the use of exceptional limits ........ 62

Annex E (informative) Evaluation of conditions at the toe of a switch .................................................. 63

E.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 63

E.2 Method based on effective radius .......................................................................................................... 63

Annex F (informative) Design considerations for switch and crossing units ...................................... 65

F.1 Examples of common switch and crossing units .............................................................................. 65

F.2 Use of diamond crossings, diamond crossings with slips and tandem turnouts .................. 67

F.3 Switch and crossing units on, or near, under-bridges .................................................................... 67

F.4 Abutting switch and crossing units........................................................................................................ 67

F.5 Switch and crossing units on horizontal curves................................................................................ 67

F.6 Switch and crossing units on canted track .......................................................................................... 68

F.7 Vertical alignments and switch and crossing units ......................................................................... 68

Annex G (informative) Examples of applications .......................................................................................... 71

G.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 71

G.2 Example of crossover on horizontal curve.......................................................................................... 71

G.3 Example of bi-linear cant transition ..................................................................................................... 72

G.4 Example where a cant transition is designed without a coinciding transition curve ......... 73

G.5 Example of substandard transition curve ........................................................................................... 74

G.6 Example where several alignment elements forms an intermediate length.......................... 75

Annex H (informative) Examples of local limits for cant deficiency ....................................................... 76

Annex I (informative) Considerations regarding cant deficiency and cant excess ........................... 77

I.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................... 77

I.2 Cant deficiency .............................................................................................................................................. 77

I.3 Cant excess ...................................................................................................................................................... 77

I.4 Wheel climb criterion ................................................................................................................................. 77

I.5 Vehicle overturning ..................................................................................................................................... 78

I.6 The lateral strength of a track under loading (Prud'homme limit) ............................................ 78

I.7 Cant deficiency at switch and crossing layouts on curves ............................................................. 78

Annex J (informative) Passenger comfort on curves .................................................................................... 79

J.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 79

J.2 Lateral acceleration .................................................................................................................................... 79

J.3 Lateral jerk ..................................................................................................................................................... 79

J.3.1 Lateral jerk as a function of rate of change of cant deficiency ..................................................... 79

J.3.2 Lateral jerk as a function of an abrupt change of cant deficiency .............................................. 80

J.4 Roll motions ................................................................................................................................................... 80

Annex K (normative) Sign rules for calculation of ΔD, ΔI and Δp ............................................................ 81

K.1 General regarding the sign rules ............................................................................................................ 81

K.2 Sign rules for calculation of ΔD ............................................................................................................... 81

K.3 Sign rules for calculation of ΔI ................................................................................................................. 81

K.4 Sign rules for calculation of Δp ................................................................................................................ 82

Annex L (informative) Length of constant cant between two linear cant transitions L .................. 84

Annex M (informative) The principle of virtual transition ........................................................................ 85

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SIST EN 13803:2017
EN 13803:2017 (E)

M.1 Virtual transition at an abrupt change of cant deficiency .............................................................. 85

M.2 Virtual transition at a short intermediate length between two abrupt changes of cant

deficiency ......................................................................................................................................................... 86

M.3 Limits based on the principle of the virtual transition ................................................................... 87

M.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 87

M.3.2 Characteristic vehicle with a distance of 20 m between bogie centres ..................................... 87

M.3.3 Characteristic vehicle with a distance of 12,2 m and 10,06 m between bogie centres ....... 87

Annex N (normative) Lengths of intermediate elements L to prevent buffer locking ..................... 89

N.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 89

N.2 Basic vehicles and running conditions ................................................................................................. 89

N.3 Lengths Lc of an intermediate straight track between two long circular curves in the

opposite directions ...................................................................................................................................... 89

N.4 General cases for end throw differences .............................................................................................. 90

Annex O (informative) Considerations for track gradients ........................................................................ 93

O.1 Uphill gradients ............................................................................................................................................. 93

O.2 Downhill gradients ....................................................................................................................................... 93

O.3 Gradients for stabling tracks and at platforms .................................................................................. 93

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC ........................................................................................ 94

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 97

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SIST EN 13803:2017
EN 13803:2017 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 13803:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway

applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2017, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by October 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 13803-1:2010 and EN 13803-2:2006+A1:2009.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC.

For relationship with EU Directive 2008/57/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of

this document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 13803:2017
EN 13803:2017 (E)
1 Scope

The purpose of this European Standard is to specify rules and limits for track alignment design

parameters, including alignments within switches and crossings. Several of these limits are functions of

speed. Alternatively, for a given track alignment, it specifies rules and limits that determine permissible

speed.

This European Standard applies to nominal track gauges 1 435 mm and wider with speeds up to

360 km/h. Normative Annex A describes the conversion rules which shall be applied for tracks with

nominal gauges wider than 1 435 mm. Normative Annex B is applied for nominal track gauges

1 520 mm, 1 524 mm and 1 668 mm.

This European Standard is also applicable where track alignment takes into account vehicles that have

been approved for high cant deficiencies (including tilting trains).

More restrictive requirements of Technical specifications for interoperability relating to the

‘infrastructure’ subsystem of the rail system in the European Union (TSI INF) and other (national,

company, etc.) rules will apply.

This European Standard need not be applicable to lines, or dedicated parts of railway infrastructure

that are not interoperable with railway vehicles tested and approved accordin
...

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