Protective clothing - Gloves and armguards protecting against cuts by powered knives - Requirements and test methods

This document specifies the requirements for the design, cut resistance, ergonomic characteristics, innocuousness, fixings, construction materials, marking and instructions for use, for chain mail gloves and armguards providing protection against powered knives. Appropriate test methods are also specified.

Schutzkleidung - Handschuhe und Armschützer zum Schutz gegen Schnittverletzungen durch angetriebene Messer - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt für Metallringgeflecht-Handschuhe und Armschützer zum Schutz gegen angetriebene
Messer die Anforderungen an Gestaltung, Schnittfestigkeit, ergonomische Merkmale, Unschädlichkeit,
Befestigungen, Baustoffe, Kennzeichnung und Gebrauchsanleitungen fest. Geeignete Prüfverfahren sind
ebenfalls festgelegt.

Vêtements de protection - Gants et protège-bras protégeant contre les coupures par des couteaux électriques - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

La présente norme européenne spécifie les exigences concernant la conception, la résistance à la coupure,
les caractéristiques ergonomiques, l'innocuité, la fixation, les matériaux de construction, le marquage et les
instructions d'utilisation des gants et des protège-bras en cote de maille assurant une protection contre les
couteaux électriques. Elle précise également des méthodes d'essai appropriées.

Varovalna obleka - Rokavice in ščitniki rok za varovanje pred urezninami gnanih nožev – Zahteve in preskusne metode

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
19-Apr-2005
Current Stage
9060 - Closure of 2 Year Review Enquiry - Review Enquiry
Due Date
03-Mar-2020
Completion Date
03-Mar-2020

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Protective clothing - Gloves and armguards protecting against cuts by powered knives - Requirements and test methodsVetements de protection - Gants et protege-bras protégeant contre les coupures par des couteaux électriques - Exigences et méthodes d'essaiSchutzkleidung - Handschuhe und Armschützer zum Schutz gegen Schnittverletzungen durch angetriebene Messer - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren13.340.40Varovanje dlani in rokHand and arm protectionICS:SIST EN 14328:2005enTa slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14328:200501-julij-2005SIST EN 14328:2005SLOVENSKI

STANDARD

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 14328April 2005ICS 13.340.40English versionProtective clothing - Gloves and armguards protecting againstcuts by powered knives - Requirements and test methodsVêtements de protection - Gants et protège-brasprotégeant contre les coupures par des couteauxélectriques - Exigences et méthodes d'essaiSchutzkleidung - Handschuhe und Armschützer zumSchutz gegen Schnittverletzungen durch angetriebeneMesser - Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 March 2005.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2005 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 14328:2005: E

EN 14328:2005 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword..................................................................................................................................................................3 Introduction..............................................................................................................................................................4 1 Scope...........................................................................................................................................................5 2 Normative references.................................................................................................................................5 3 Terms and definitions.................................................................................................................................5 4 Requirements..............................................................................................................................................6 4.1 Innocuousness............................................................................................................................................6 4.2 Dimensions of the protective surface areas of gloves and armguards..................................................7 4.3 Construction................................................................................................................................................8 4.4 Straps...........................................................................................................................................................9 4.5 Cleaning temperature stability...................................................................................................................9 4.6 Ergonomic requirements............................................................................................................................9 5 Test methods...............................................................................................................................................9 5.1 General........................................................................................................................................................9 5.2 Innocuousness............................................................................................................................................9 5.3 Pre-treatment and conditioning.................................................................................................................9 5.4 Visual and manual examination.................................................................................................................9 5.5 Examination of coverage............................................................................................................................9 5.6 Strength of attachment of armguards and protective sleeves to gloves and the resistance to displacement of sleeves from within cuffs and on arms.......................................................................10 5.7 Impact cut testing.....................................................................................................................................10 5.8 Testing the dimensions of interstices.....................................................................................................10 5.9 Testing the opening of the slit.................................................................................................................10 6 Marking......................................................................................................................................................10 7 Information supplied by the manufacturer..............................................................................................11 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 89/686/EEC..............................................................................................12 Bibliography...........................................................................................................................................................14

EN 14328:2005 (E)

3 Foreword This document (EN 14328:2005) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 162 “Protective clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2005, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by October 2005. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 89/686/EEC. For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. This document contains a bibliography. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EN 14328:2005 (E) 4 Introduction Powered knives are used when it is advantageous, to reduce the muscular effort required by the worker, or to increase their rate of working. They are commonly used in clothing factories, in slaughterhouses and in meat cutting plants. Band knives, reciprocating straight knives, rotating circular cutters and other designs are used.

Electricity or compressed air normally powers them. The tool driving the blade may be partly supported by the work pieces or by the workbench, or may be held in one hand. The edges of the blades may be quite smooth, coarsely honed, finely serrated or scalloped. They need to be distinguished from cutting blades with saw-tooth edges with teeth above 1 mm in height, which generally are unsafe to use with chain mail gloves, and armguards. Powered knives enable workers to cut rapidly through very resistant materials. Their hands are always in the vicinity of the blade in order to present the work piece to the blade, and it is not possible to guard the whole cutting edge. Thus there is significant potential for serious hand injuries during cutting operations. Most accidents occur during cutting but they are also recorded during blade changing, blade cleaning, guard adjustment, and moving the tool. At the present time it is not known that any practical glove material other than metal chain mail provides significant protection against powered knives. Even chain mail is rapidly cut through and injuries will only be avoided by strict adherence to safe working practices. Armguards made from sheet metal or rigid plastic material also provide some protection. Users of chain mail gloves note that the vibration and noise caused by contact of their glove with a powered knife blade often enables them to react in time to prevent an injury.

EN 14328:2005 (E)

5 1 Scope This document specifies the requirements for the design, cut resistance, ergonomic characteristics, innocuousness, fixings, construction materials, marking and instructions for use, for chain mail gloves and armguards providing protection against powered knives. Appropriate test methods are also specified. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 340, Protective clothing — General requirements. EN 420, Protective gloves — General requirements and test methods. EN 1082-1:1996, Protective clothing — Gloves and arm guards protecting against cuts and stabs by hand knives – Part 1:

Chain mail gloves and arm guards. EN 1082-2:2000, Protective clothing — Gloves and arm guards protecting against cuts and stabs by hand knives – Part 2: Gloves and arm guards made of material other than chain mail. EN 1811, Reference test method for release of nickel from products intended to come into direct and prolonged contact with the skin. EN 12472, Method for the simulation of wear and corrosion for the detection of nickel release from coated items. EN 14362-1, Textiles — Methods for the determination of certain aromatic amines derived from azo colorants — Part 1: Detection of the use of certain azo colorants accessible without extraction. EN 14362-2, Textiles — Methods for determination of certain aromatic amines derived from azo colorants — Part 2: Detection of the use of certain azo colorants accessible by extracting the fibres. EN 23758, Textiles — Care labelling code using symbols (ISO 3758:1991). EN ISO 4045, Leather — Determination of pH (ISO 4045:1977). EN ISO 13998, Protective clothing — Aprons, trousers and vests protecting against cuts and stabs by hand knives (ISO 13998:2003). ISO 3071, Textiles — Determination of pH of the aqueous extract.

3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 1082-1:1996 and EN 1082-2:2000, and the following apply. 3.1 powered knife hand held or fixed machine using a power source to drive a rotating, reciprocating or vibrating knife blade 3.2 knife blade sharp edged cutting tool with a either a smooth edge, or a serrated edge with points less than 1 mm high, or with a scalloped edge with points less than 3 mm high

EN 14328:2005 (E) 6 3.3 saw blade cutting tool with a serrated or toothed edge with points more than 1 mm high, or with a scalloped edge with points more than 3 mm high 3.4 serrated edge grinding pattern of a knife edge in which sharp points are separated by valleys, and in which the height of the points is greater than the distance between them 3.5 scalloped edge grinding pattern of a knife edge in which rounded or blunt points are separated by round bottomed valleys, and in which the height of the points is less than half the distance between the them 3.6 toothed edge grinding pattern of a knife edge in which sharp points are separated by sharp valleys, and in which the height of the points is less than the distance between them 4 Requirements 4.1 Innocuousness 4.1.1 General innocuousness requirements Gloves and armguards protecting against cuts by powered knives shall meet a general requirement that they are safe to use and fit for their purpose. They shall be designed and manufactured to provide protection when used according to the manufacturer’s instructions, without endangering the user or others. There shall not be hard or sharp edges, seams, buckles or other items on their surfaces that could harm the user or others during normal use. Examination shall be made according to 5.4. All materials of the gloves and armguards protecting against cuts by powered knives shall not adversely affect the health of the user. They shall be made of materials that have been shown to be chemical suitable. The materials shall not in the foreseeable conditions of normal use release or degrade to release substances generally known to be toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic, allergenic or otherwise harmful. The manufacturer's claim that the product is innocuous shall be checked according to 5.2. NOTE Information on the classification and identification of harmful substances can be found e.g. in the Council Directives 67/548/EEC [1] (classification, packaging, labelling of dangerous substances) and 76/769/EEC [2] (restriction on use of dangerous substances) and amendments. Any of the following documents that are available should be examined: a) The manufacturer's technical file, b) Materials specifications from the material producers, and certificates of conformity, c) Safety data sheets relating to the materials, d) Certificates or reports relating to the suitability of the materials for use with food, in medical devices, or other relevant applications. e) Certificates or reports relating to toxicological, allergenic, carcinogenic or mutagenic investigations on the materials, f) Other documents submitted by the manufacturer The examination should determine whether the claim that the materials are suitable for use in the protective clothing or protective equipment is justified. Particular attention shall be paid to the presence of plasticisers, unreacted components, heavy metals or, impurities, and the chemical identity of pigments and dyes.

EN 14328:2005 (E)

7 4.1.2 Specific innocuousness requirements In the absence of satisfactory documentary evidence, testing shall be conducted to ensure materials in gloves and armguards protecting against cuts by powered knives meet the following requirements and any relevant additional requirements in EN 340: a) The chromium VI content of leather in clothing and gloves shall comply with the requirement in EN 420. b) All metallic materials which could come permanently into contact with the skin such as chain mail, sheet metal, studs, fittings and buckles, shall be free of nickel or shall have an emission of nickel of less than 0,5 µg/cm² per week. The test methods shall be according to EN 12472 and EN 1811. c) The pH value of any leather or fabric components shall be greater tha

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