This document specifies requirements, test methods, marking and information for protective gloves and other hand protective equipment’s against thermal risks for professional use, consumer, domestic use.
This document is also applicable to arm protective equipment.
It is used for all gloves and other hand protective equipment’s which protect the hands or part of the hand against heat and/or fire in one or more of the following forms: flame, contact heat, convective heat, radiant heat, small splashes or large quantities of molten metal.
This standarddocument is only applicable in conjunction with EN ISO 21420:2020.
This document doesn’tdoes not apply to gloves for fire-fighters or welding that have their own standards.

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This document specifies the requirements and test methods for ergonomics, innocuousness, comfort/sizing, restraint, ability to limit wrist extension and attenuate impact force on the palm as well as provisions for marking and instructions supplied by the manufacturer for wrist protectors for all users of snowboard equipment.
It does not apply to protectors used in roller sports, alpine skiing, or other sports. This document does not address protection for the forearm due to axial forces caused by an impact on the fingers or fist. Moreover, this document does not address protection against palmar flexion (terminal flexion) caused by an impact on the dorsal side of the hand.

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This document describes some of the test methods for use with EN 17092 protective garments for motorcycle riders (Part 2 and following parts). It describes the appropriate test methods for zoning, ergonomics, mechanical properties and impact abrasion resistance.

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This document specifies the general requirements and relevant test procedures for glove design and construction, innocuousness, comfort and efficiency, as well as the marking and information supplied by the manufacturer applicable to all protective gloves.
It can also apply to arm protectors and gloves permanently incorporated in containment enclosures.
Gloves and hand protectors such as mittens, pot holders and arm protection are covered by this document.
This document does not address the protective properties of gloves and therefore is not used alone but only in combination with the appropriate specific standard(s). A non-exhaustive list of these standards is given in the Bibliography.

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This document specifies general requirements for motorcyclists’ protective garments of Class AAA: protective garments, which are intended to provide limited protection to the wearer against abrasion and impact injury. It applies to protective garments for motorcycle on-road use.

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This document specifies general requirements for motorcyclists’ protective garments of Class A: protective garments, which are intended to provide limited protection to the wearer against abrasion and impact injury. It applies to protective garments for motorcycle on-road.

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This document specifies general requirements for motorcyclists’ protective garments of Class AA: protective garments, which are intended to provide limited protection to the wearer against abrasion and impact injury. It applies to protective garments for motorcycle on-road use.

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This European Standard specifies general requirements for motorcyclists’ protective garments of Class B: protective garments, which are intended to provide limited protection to the wearer against abrasion injury. It applies to protective garments for motorcycle on-road use.

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This document specifies general requirements for motorcyclists’ protective garments of Class C, worn as under or overgarments, intended to provide limited protection to the wearer against impact injury. It applies to protective garments for motorcycle on-road use.

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This standard specifies the properties of protective clothing that minimize the risk of its entanglement or drawing-in by moving parts when the wearer is working at or near hazardous moving machines or devices. This standard does not include protective clothing against injuries by special moving machine parts for which specific standards exist, e.g. protective clothing for users of chainsaws.

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This International Standard establishes minimum performance, classification, and labelling requirements
for protective clothing worn by operators handling liquid pesticide products as well as re-entry workers. Pesticide
handling includes application of diluted formulations, mixing and loading, and other activities such as cleaning
of contaminated equipment and containers. Protective clothing covered by this International Standard
includes, but is not limited to, shirts, jackets, trousers, coveralls, aprons, protective sleeves, caps/hats and
other headwear made with textile material, and material placed below knapsack/backpack sprayers. This
International Standard does not address items used for the protection of the respiratory tract, hands, and feet.
This International Standard does not address protection against biocides, fumigants or highly volatile liquids.

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This document specifies a test method for the penetration resistance of gloves that protect against dangerous chemicals and/or micro-organisms.

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This European standard describes a thermophysiological model (thermal
human simulator) that uses the output data of the first part to obtain
physiological heat load criteria that predicts the (maximal) duration of
work in the protective clothing in fire fighters’ relevant conditions.
NOTE The human simulator method using the Sweating Torso (i.e.
coupling of the instrumented manikin with a thermo-physiological
feedback model) is validated for different scenarios by comparison to
human subject trials(1, 2). The scenarios also included warm and hot
environments as can be expected for firefighter applications. Core
temperature, being one of the most important physiological variables,
and mean skin temperature, which is a useful indicator of thermal comfort
sensation and of the overall condition of the body, are chosen as relevant
physiological parameters for the thermophysiological human simulator.

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This European Standard specifies the Sweating Torso as a method to
measure the coupled heat and mass transfer through protective clothing
in fire fighters’ specific conditions.
NOTE The Sweating Torso is developed to perform highly reproducible
laboratory tests for heat and mass transfer on clothing systems under
controlled conditions which are closely correlated to real conditions. The
Sweating Torso is a cylinder with the same size as a human trunk. The
layers of the measurement cylinder are made of compact Teflon,
polyethylene and aluminium. Due to this combination of materials,
transient processes can be modelled. Thus, changes in the skin and core
temperature can be simulated. The Sweating Torso contains a total of 54
independently-controlled sweating nozzles. In order to avoid any axial
heat loss, the cylinder has a heated guard at each end. The cylinder and
the thermal guards are heated electrically using heating foils. The
Sweating Torso can be run either with constant surface temperature or
with constant heating. The whole Sweating Torso is placed on a
precision scale to assess the evaporated and condensed amount of
water.

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This document specifies the test method for the determination of the resistance of protective glove materials to degradation by dangerous chemicals with continuous contact.
NOTE Annex A gives information on interlaboratory test results on this method.
It is preferable that other tests used in addition to the evaluation of chemical resistance such as permeation resistance and penetration, as the chemical test do not provide sufficient information on the physical property changes affecting a glove during exposure to a chemical. It is necessary that the outside surface of the glove be exposed to the chemical.

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This document specifies the performance requirements, test methods, design requirements, identification and marking information for leg protectors that offer protection against cutting by hand-held chainsaws.

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This document specifies the performance requirements, test methods, design requirements, identification and marking information for gloves that offer protection against cutting by hand-held chainsaws.
Guidance on chainsaw use and the selection of gloves is given in Annex A.

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This document specifies the performance requirements, test methods, design requirements, identification and marking information for upper body protectors that offer protection against cutting by hand-held chainsaws.
It also specifies procedures for sampling and pre-treatment of upper body protectors, the measurement of the protective coverage, the apparatus and test methods for assessing resistance to cutting, and the practical performance test for evaluating ergonomic properties.
Guidance on chainsaw use and the selection of appropriate upper body protectors is given in Annex A.

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This document specifies requirements and test methods for assessing the resistance to cutting of gaiters by hand-held chainsaws and other properties. It includes a requirement and a test method for assessing the strength of underfoot straps of gaiters.
This document is applicable to gaiters used in conjunction with safety footwear with a steel toecap conforming to ISO 20345 design "C" or "D". These gaiters are designed to be used only in association with a defined model of footwear and tested together.
NOTE These products are intended, but are not limited, to be used in combination with a defined model of orthopaedic footwear.
This document does not apply to gaiters intended for use in situations where there is a significant risk of tripping, such as tree climbing or in forests.

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This European Standard specifies the minimum requirements, test methods, marking and information supplied by the manufacturer for ventilated and non-ventilated gas-tight chemical protective suits.
It specifies full body personal protective ensembles to be worn for protection against solid, liquid and gaseous chemicals, including liquid and solid aerosols.
This standard does not establish minimum criteria for protection for non-chemical hazards, e.g. radiological, fire, heat, explosive hazards, infective agents. This type of equipment is not intended for total immersion in liquids.
The seams, joins and assemblages attaching the accessories are included within the scope of this standard. The basic performance criteria for the components such as gloves, boots or respiratory protective equipment are given in other Standards, supplemantary requirements are provided in this standard.
Particulate protection is limited to physical penetration of the particulates only.
Chemicals such as violently air sensitive reagents, unstable explosives and cryogenic liquids have not been considered since protection against these additional hazards is beyond the scope of this standard.

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This document specifies the minimum requirements, test methods, marking and information supplied by the manufacturer, for ventilated and non-ventilated gas-tight chemical protective suits for use by emergency teams (ET).
It specifies full body personal protective ensembles to be worn for protection against solid, liquid and gaseous chemicals, including liquid and solid aerosols. Chemicals such as violently air sensitive reagents, unstable explosives and cryogenic liquids have not been considered since protection against these additional hazards is beyond the scope of this standard.
This document does not establish minimum criteria for protection against non-chemical hazards, e.g. radiological, fire, heat and explosive hazards and infective agents. This type of equipment is not intended for total immersion in liquids.
The seams, joins and assemblages attaching the accessories are included within the scope of this standard. The performance criteria for the accessories, gloves, boots or respiratory protective equipment are given in other standards.
Particulate protection is limited to physical penetration of the particulates only.

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This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods applicable to ready-made garments, materials and seams of protective clothing against the influence of precipitation (e.g. rain, snowflakes), fog and ground humidity.

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This document provides guidance to the employers or persons advising them such as suppliers of PPE or services, inspection, insurance companies etc.) in taking the necessary decisions regarding the selection, use, care and maintenance of protective clothing against foul weather, wind and cold, and is compliant with the applicable European legislation.
This document is not exhaustive in addressing all the safety concerns associated with the use of compliant protective equipment for protection against foul weather, wind and cold and other related risks.
This document does not address all the safety concerns, if any, associated with the use of this document by testing or repair facilities. It is the responsibility of the persons and organizations using this document and any other documents related to PPE:
-   to conduct a risk assessment,
-   to select the protective clothing and other PPE,
-   to ensure that these provide a holistic protection; this can be achieved by not only assessing the risks, but also the work place and the work environment, and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to using this document for any designing, manufacturing, and testing.

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This European Standard specifies the minimum coverage to be provided by motorcyclists’ chest protectors. This European Standard contains the requirements for the performance of the protectors under impact and details of the test methods, requirements for sizing, ergonomic requirements, and requirements for innocuousness, labelling and the provision of information.
Note that this European Standard defines a product which provides limited protection against mechanical impacts and falls to the chest. If the product is only intended to protect against lofted stones (commonly used in Motocross riding) readers are invited to refer to EN 14021:2003 instead.

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This European Standard specifies a test method for the determination of the resistance of protective
clothing, gloves and footwear materials to permeation by potentially hazardous gaseous chemicals
under the condition of continuous contact.
This test method is applicable to the assessment of protection against gazeous chemicals that can be
collected only by liquid or gaseous collecting media.
!This test method is not applicable for the assessment of gaseous chemical mixtures."
This test method describes the modifications to EN 16523-1 necessary to test against gaseous chemicals
that can be collected by liquid or gaseous collecting media.

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This European Standard specifies requirements, test methods, marking and information to be supplied for protective gloves against the mechanical risks of abrasion, blade cut, tear, puncture and, if applicable, impact.
This standard is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 420.
The test methods developed in this standard may also be applicable to arm protectors.

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This document provides guidance to the employers, users and purchasers with respect to selection, use, care, and maintenance requirements for protective clothing against heat and flame and is compliant with the European legislation.
This document is not exhaustive in addressing all the safety concerns associated with the use of compliant protective equipment for protection against heat and flames and other related risks.
It is essential not to construe this document as addressing all the safety concerns, if any, associated with the use of this document by testing or repair facilities. It is the responsibility of the persons and organizations that use this document and any other standards related technical report to PPE:
-   to conduct a risk assessment,
-   to select the protective clothing and other PPE,
-   as well as to ensure that these provide a holistic protection, only when the compatibility has been assessed including understanding the work place and the work environment to determine the properties of protective clothing against heat and flames to establish safety and health practices
-   and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to using this technical report for any designing, manufacturing, and testing.
This guidance is meant for all end users that may be confronted with heat and flame risks although it will focus on the first four in the list below:
-   petrochemical and chemical industry;
-   welders and foundries;
-   utilities (electrical, gas, water);
-   fire fighters and emergency response;
-   sports (motor sports, boating, etc.);
-   security forces (military, police and private).
It is essential that nothing herein restricts any jurisdiction from exceeding the minimum requirements as provided in the relevant standards.

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This European Standard specifies a test method for the determination of the resistance of protective clothing, gloves and footwear materials to permeation by potential hazardous liquid chemicals under the condition of continuous contact.
This test method is applicable to the assessment of protection against liquid chemicals that can be collected only by liquid or gaseous collecting media.
This test method is not adapted for the assessment of chemical mixtures, except for aqueous solutions.
This standard shall be used with the specifications given in the products standards (for examples EN 374 1 for gloves) where the following information shall be defined:
-   any pre-conditioning;
-   precise sampling (place, size, number);
-   associated levels of performance.

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This document specifies the test rig for assessing the resistance to cutting of protective clothing, footwear and gloves by hand-held chainsaws. It also describes the calibration procedure.

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This document specifies test methods for assessing the resistance of footwear to cutting by hand-held chainsaws.
This document is applicable only to footwear with integral protection.

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This European Standard specifies material and design requirements for electrostatic dissipative protective clothing, including hoods and caps, used as part of a total earthed system, to avoid incendiary discharges, where the minimum ignition energy of an explosive atmosphere is not less than 0,016 mJ.
In the context of this European Standard, a total earthed system is one in which personnel and other conductors are connected to earth via a resistance of less than 108 Ω.
The material and design requirements do not presume adequate earthing of additional equipment worn or carried in contact with clothing, e.g. breathing apparatus, etc. If such additional equipment is required to be earthed, other requirements beyond the scope of this European Standard may be necessary.
The scope of this standard does not include electrostatic dissipative protective gloves or footwear that are separate and not integral parts of garments.
The material and design requirements may not provide sufficient protection in oxygen enriched flammable atmospheres.
NOTE Additional information about oxygen enriched flammable atmospheres can be found in CEN/CLC/TR 16832:2015 [1].
This European Standard is not applicable for protection against mains voltages.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements and test methods for protective clothing, ventilated by an independent supply of air from an uncontaminated source, protecting the body and the respiratory system of the wearer against solid airborne particles including radioactive contamination. This kind of protective clothing can be provided with an emergency breathing facility.
This European Standard does not apply for the protection against ionizing radiation and the protection of patients against contamination with radioactive substances by diagnostic and/or therapeutic measures.
If additional protection against chemicals is required, reference should be made to the relevant standard and/or CEN/TR 15419.

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This document provides a test method for evaluating the physiological impact of protective fabric ensembles and potentially protective clothing ensembles in a series of simulated activities (phases) under defined ambient conditions. This standard test method characterizes the essential properties of fabric assemblies of a representative garment or clothing ensemble for thermo-physiological assessment:
— dry thermal insulation;
— cooling properties during average metabolic activity and moisture management (dry and wet heat transfer);
— drying behaviour.
Default measurements are done on fabric samples representing the garment or protective clothing combination. Optionally and in addition to the standard test method, the same testing protocol can be applied to characterise more complex protective clothing ensembles including underwear, air layer and certain design features[1]. In addition, measurements on readymade garments are possible.
This test method is intended to be used to measure and describe the behaviour of fabric assemblies of a garment or clothing ensemble in response to a simulated series of activities under controlled laboratory conditions, with the results used to optimize garment combinations and material selection. Furthermore, this document together ISO 18640-2, is intended to be used to describe the thermo-physiological impact of protective clothing but not the risk for heat stress under actual fire conditions. The results of this test can be used as elements of a risk assessment with respect to thermo-physiological load.
[1] A study conducted by Empa (Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Switzerland) showed good correlation between results of standard torso tests (without underwear and air layers on fabrics) to tests on fabrics with underwear, tests on fabrics with underwear and air layers and test on readymade garments (with underwear and with or without air layers) of the same material composition. Due to the added thermal insulation values of the additional layers direct comparison of results between different measurement configurations is not possible, however.

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This European Standard specifies the performance classification and test methods for materials used in chemical protective clothing, including gloves and footwear. The gloves and boots should have the same chemical protective barrier requirements as the fabric when an integral part of the clothing. This is a reference standard to which chemical protective clothing performance standards may refer in whole or in part, but this standard is not exhaustive in the sense that product standards may well require testing according to test method standards which are not included in this standard.
While these performance levels are intended to relate to the usage to which the chemical protective clothing is to be put, it is essential that the chemical protective clothing manufacturer or supplier indicate the intended use of the protective clothing and that the user (specifier) carries out a risk assessment in order to establish the correct performance level for the intended task.

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This document specifies a method for evaluating the thermo-physiological impact of protective fabric ensembles and potentially protective clothing ensembles in a simulated activity under defined relevant conditions for firefighters.
This document is intended to be used to assess the thermo-physiological impact of protective fabric ensembles and potentially protective clothing ensembles but not the risk for heat stress due to actual fire conditions. The results of this test method can be used as elements of characterisation and comparison of thermo-physiological impact of various types of protective fabric ensembles and potentially protective clothing ensembles.
Default measurements are undertaken on fabric samples representing the garment or protective clothing combination. Optionally and in addition to the standard test method, the same testing protocol can be applied to characterise protective clothing ensembles including underwear, air layers and certain design features[1]. In addition measurements on readymade garments are optionally possible.
NOTE The presently used evaluation methods are only validated for structural firefighting garments.
[1] A study conducted at Empa (Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Switzerland) showed good correlation between results of standard torso tests (without both underwear and air layers on fabrics) to tests on fabrics with underwear, tests on fabrics with underwear and air layers and test on readymade garments (with underwear and with or without air layers) of the same material composition. Due to the different thermal insulation of the systems direct comparison of the results is not possible.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements and test methods for the coverage, sizing, adaptability and adjustability, restraint, ergonomics, construction, innocuousness, and performance under impact to be provided by protective jackets, body and shoulder protectors to be worn by children, youths and adults of either sex while riding horses, working with horses, driving horses or being a passenger in a horse driven vehicle.
These protectors are intended to provide some protection against impacts due to falls from horses and vehicles, and impacts while on the ground due to a fall, or while working with a horse. Impacts may be against the ground or objects such as trees or vehicles, or impacts may be due to kicks or being trodden on.
The protectors covered by this Standard are not intended to provide complete protection against injuries in accidents involving severe torsion, flexion or extension. Requirements for marking and the provision of information are given.

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This European Standard specifies the construction and performance of dry suits for wear by divers for underwater activities where the user is breathing underwater. Marking, labelling, information meant to be provided at the point of sale and instructions for use are also specified.
Laboratory and practical performance tests are specified.

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This European Standard specifies the construction and performance of actively heated suits and actively cooled suits or components thereof, for wear by divers for underwater activities where the user is breathing underwater. Marking, labelling, information meant to be provided at the point of sale and instructions for use are also specified.
Laboratory and practical performance tests are specified.

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This European Standard specifies the construction and performance requirements (including thermal) of wet suits for wear by divers for underwater activities where the user is breathing underwater. Marking, labelling, information meant to be provided at the point of sale, and instructions for use are also specified.
Laboratory and practical performance tests are specified.
Short sleeve jackets, short-leg trousers, under- and overgarments, and separate accessories such as gloves, hoods and boots are not within the scope of this document.
NOTE   Suits and shorties for snorkelling including underwater activities are not covered by this standard.

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This Technical Report is primarily intended for users, specifiers and others with responsibility for the procurement and provision of chemical protective clothing. It is also intended to be used by manufacturers in their dialogue with the users of PPE.
This Technical Report is intended to clarify the inter-relationship of the set of standards, developed by CEN/TC 162 WG 3, and to explain the main ideas behind these standards. This set of standards has been developed in support of the European legislation on PPE and is currently used as a major technical tool for the assessment and certification of CPC before it is put on the European market.
These guidelines are intended to assist users and specifiers in selecting the correct type of CPC for the task to be performed, and to help them ensure it is used according to the manufacturer's instructions to provide adequate protection during its entire lifetime. Lifetime and effectiveness of protective clothing depend largely on care and maintenance. When cleaning, disinfection and end-of-life disposal are considered the environmental impact should also be taken into account.
This Technical Report does not address chemical nuisance factors without potential impact on a person's health and safety, e.g. smell.

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ISO 27065 establishes minimum performance, classification, and marking requirements for protective clothing worn by operators handling pesticide products as well as re-entry workers. For the purpose of ISO 27065, the term pesticide applies to insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and other substances applied in liquid form that are intended to prevent, destroy, repel, or reduce any pest or weeds in agricultural settings, green spaces, roadsides, etc. It does not include biocidal products used for agricultural and non-agricultural settings.
Pesticide handling includes mixing and loading, application, and other activities such as cleaning contaminated equipment and containers. Concentrated pesticides are typically handled during mixing and loading. Protective clothing covered by ISO 27065includes, but is not limited to, shirts, jackets, trousers, coveralls, aprons, protective sleeves, caps/hats and other headwear (excluding hard hats made of rigid materials, e.g. hats worn by construction workers), and accessories used under knapsack/backpack sprayers.
ISO 27065 does not address items used for the protection of the respiratory tract, hands, and feet. ISO 27065 does not address protection against fumigants.

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ISO 19918 describes laboratory test methods to determine the resistance of materials, closures, and seams used in personal protective equipment (PPE) to permeation by solid or liquid chemicals with low vapour pressure (less than 133,322 Pa at 25 °C) and/or insolubility in water or other liquids commonly used as collection media. These chemicals that are often part of pesticide formulations and other mixtures cannot be measured using other standards for measuring permeation. This test method is suitable for field strength and concentrated pesticide formulations as well as other mixtures in which the active ingredient is a chemical with low vapour pressure and/or low solubility in commonly used liquid and gaseous collection media.
This test method is not intended to be used in place of standards such as ISO 6529, EN 16523-1 and ASTM F739, which measure permeation of chemicals that are either volatile or soluble in water or other liquids that do not interact with the material being tested. ISO 19918 is not suitable for measurement of volatile chemicals that may evaporate before the chemical analysis is complete.
The degree of contamination depends on numerous factors, such as type of exposure, application technique, and chemical formulation. As the level of exposure can vary considerably, this method is designed to rate relative performance of PPE materials for different durations.
This method is designed to measure cumulative permeation. Breakthrough time cannot be measured by this method. This test method does not measure resistance to penetration or degradation.
The test method standard may be used for the evaluation of PPE materials that are new or those for which the product standard requires treatment, such as laundering or simulated abrasion. Details of the treatment shall be reported.

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This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for the performance of garments for protection against the effects of cool environments above −5 °C (see Annex C). These effects comprise not only low air temperatures, but also humidity and air velocity.
Cold protective ensembles are excluded from this standard.
The protective effects and requirements of footwear, gloves and separate head wear are excluded from the scope of this standard.

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This European standard specifies additional test methods and requirements for face protectors, used in the practice of karate.
This European Standard is not applicable for other sports equipment and protectors except face protectors for karate because the test methods and requirements are very specific for karate face protectors and do not meet the characteristics of face protectors for other sports.

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This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for the performance of clothing ensembles (i.e. g two piece suits or coveralls) for protection against the effects of cold environments equal to or below −5°C (see Annex C). These effects comprise not only low air temperatures but also humidity and air velocity.
Requirements and test methods of garments for protection against cool environments are specified in EN 14058.
The protective effects and requirements of footwear, gloves and separate head wear are excluded from the scope of this standard.

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This standard specifies minimum safety requirements and test methods for a firehood to be worn during firefighting operations to protect against heat and fire. This standard only applies in situations when protective clothing (EN 469), breathing apparatus (EN 136 and EN 137), and helmet (EN 443) are also worn.

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ISO 13506-1:2017 specifies the overall requirements, equipment and calculation methods to provide results that can be used for evaluating the performance of complete garments or protective clothing ensembles exposed to short duration flame engulfment.
This test method establishes a rating system to characterize the thermal protection provided by single-layer and multi-layer garments made of flame resistant materials. Any material construction such as coated, quilted or sandwich can be used. The rating is based on the measurement of heat transfer to a full-size manikin exposed to convective and radiant energy in a laboratory simulation of a fire with controlled heat flux, duration and flame distribution. The heat transfer data are summed over a prescribed time to give the total transferred energy.
For the purposes of this test method, the incident heat flux is limited to a nominal level of 84 kW/m2 and limited to exposure durations of 3 s to 12 s dependant on the risk assessment and expectations from the thermal insulating capability of the garment. The results obtained apply only to the particular garments or ensembles, as tested, and for the specified conditions of each test, particularly with respect to the heat flux, duration and flame distribution.
This test method requires a visual evaluation, observation and inspection on the overall behaviour of the test specimen during and after the exposure as the garment or complete ensemble on the manikin is recorded before, during and after the flame exposure. Visuals of the garment or complete ensemble on the manikin are recorded (i.e. video and still images) before, during and after the flame exposure. This also applies to the evaluation of protection for the hands or the feet when they do not contain sensors. For the interfaces of ensembles tested, the test method is limited to visual inspection. The effects of body position and movement are not addressed in this test method.
The heat flux measurements can also be used to calculate the predicted skin burn injury resulting from the exposure (see ISO 13506-2).
This test method does not simulate high radiant exposures such as those found in arc flash exposures, some types of fire exposures where liquid or solid fuels are involved, nor exposure to nuclear explosions.
NOTE 1 This test method provides information on material behaviour and a measurement of garment performance on a stationary upright manikin. The relative size of the garment and the manikin and the fit of the garment on the shape of the manikin have an important influence on the performance.
NOTE 2 This test method is complex and requires a high degree of technical expertise in both the test setup and operation.
NOTE 3 Even minor deviations from the instructions in this test method can lead to significantly different test results.

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This European Standard specifies the minimum requirements for technical rescue clothing.
Technical rescues involves work associated with the environments, and conditions associated with operational scenarios such as but not limited to those found during road traffic collisions and when working in and around collapsed structures often for extended periods of time after natural disasters (earthquake, landslides, etc.) where protection against mechanical risks, limited heat and flame and conspicuity is needed.
NOTE   This could involve heavy workloads, working in confined spaces and require conspicuity in public places.
This European Standard covers the general clothing design, the minimum performance levels of the material used, the methods of test to be used to determine these performance levels, and marking and information supplied by the manufacturer.
Unless combined with other specialized PPE and tested accordingly this standard is not applicable to clothing used to protect against risks encountered in fighting fires, wildland fires or rescue from fire, dealing with hazardous chemicals, working with chainsaws and water and rope rescue.
This European Standard does not cover protection for the head, hands and feet or protection against other hazards e.g. chemical, radiological and electrical hazards. These aspects are covered in other European Standards.

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ISO 15025:2016 specifies two procedures (surface ignition and bottom-edge ignition) for determining flame spread properties of vertically oriented flexible materials in the form of single or multicomponent fabrics (coated, quilted, multilayered, sandwich constructions and similar combinations), when subjected to a small defined flame. This test standard does not apply to situations where there is restricted air supply or exposure to large sources of intense heat, for which other test methods are more appropriate.
This test method is not appropriate for materials that demonstrate extensive melting or shrinkage.

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