Quantities and units - Part 4: Mechanics (ISO 80000-4:2006)

ISO 80000-4:2006 specifies the names, symbols and definitions for quantities and units of classical mechanics. Where appropriate, conversion factors are also given.

Größen und Einheiten - Teil 4: Mechanik (ISO 80000-4:2006)

ISO 80000-4 enthält Benennungen, Formelzeichen und Definitionen für Größen und Einheiten der klassischen Mechanik. Wo benötigt, sind auch Umrechnungsfaktoren aufgeführt.

Grandeurs et unités - Partie 4: Mécanique (ISO 80000-4:2006)

L'ISO 80000-4:2006 spécifie les noms, les symboles et les définitions des grandeurs et unités de la mécanique classique. Des facteurs de conversion sont également indiqués, s'il y a lieu.

Veličine in enote - 4. del: Mehanika (ISO 80000-4:2006)

Standard ISO 80000-4:2006 podaja imena, simbole in definicije za veličine in enote, ki se uporabljajo v klasični mehaniki. Kjer je primerno, so navedeni tudi pretvorniki (pretvorni faktorji).

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
02-Apr-2013
Withdrawal Date
08-Oct-2019
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
09-Oct-2019

Relations

Buy Standard

Standard
EN ISO 80000-4:2013
English language
33 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (Sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
01-junij-2013
1DGRPHãþD
SIST ISO 31-3+A1:2007
9HOLþLQHLQHQRWHGHO0HKDQLND ,62
Quantities and units - Part 4: Mechanics (ISO 80000-4:2006)
Größen und Einheiten - Teil 4: Mechanik (ISO 80000-4:2006)
Grandeurs et unités - Partie 4 : Mécanique (ISO 80000-4:2006)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 80000-4:2013
ICS:
01.060 9HOLþLQHLQHQRWH Quantities and units
17.020 Meroslovje in merjenje na Metrology and measurement
splošno in general
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 80000-4
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2013
ICS 01.060
English Version
Quantities and units - Part 4: Mechanics (ISO 80000-4:2006)

Grandeurs et unités - Partie 4: Mécanique (ISO 80000- Größen und Einheiten - Teil 4: Mechanik (ISO 80000-

4:2006) 4:2006)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 March 2013.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2013 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 80000-4:2013: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
EN ISO 80000-4:2013 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
EN ISO 80000-4:2013 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO 80000-4:2006 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 12 “Quantities and units” of

the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 80000-4:2013.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by October 2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 80000-4:2006 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 80000-4:2013 without any modification.

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 80000-4
First edition
2006-03-01
Quantities and units —
Part 4:
Mechanics
Grandeurs et unités —
Partie 4: Mécanique
Reference number
ISO 80000-4:2006(E)
ISO 2006
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
ISO 80000-4:2006(E)
PDF disclaimer

This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but shall

not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In

downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat

accepts no liability in this area.
Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation

parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In the

unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below.

© ISO 2006

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56  CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
ISO 80000-4:2006(E)
Contents Page

Foreword........................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................... v

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references .......................................................................................................................... 1

3 Names, symbols and definitions ........................................................................................................ 1

Annex A (informative) Units in the CGS system with special names ...................................................... 20

Annex B (informative) Units based on the foot, pound, second and some other related units ............ 21

Annex C (informative) Other non-SI units given for information, especially regarding the conversion

factors ........................................................................................................................................................... 23

ISO 2006 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
ISO 80000-4:2006(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International

Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 80000-4 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 12, Quantities, units, symbols, conversion factors,

in collaboration with IEC/TC 25, Quantities and units, and their letter symbols.

This first edition cancels and replaces the second edition of ISO 31-3:1992. The major technical changes from

the previous standards are the following:
— the presentation of numerical statements has been changed;
— the normative references have been changed;

— quantities from analytical mechanics have been added to the list of quantities.

ISO 80000 consists of the following parts, under the general title Quantities and units:

— Part 1: General

— Part 2: Mathematical signs and symbols for use in the natural sciences and technology

— Part 3: Space and time
— Part 4: Mechanics
— Part 5: Thermodynamics
— Part 7: Light
— Part 8: Acoustics
— Part 9: Physical chemistry and molecular physics
— Part 10: Atomic and nuclear physics
— Part 11: Characteristic numbers
— Part 12: Solid state physics

IEC 80000 consists of the following parts, under the general title Quantities and units:

— Part 6: Electromagnetism
— Part 13: Information science and technology
— Part 14: Telebiometrics related to human physiology
iv ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
ISO 80000-4:2006(E)
Introduction
0.1 Arrangement of the tables

The tables of quantities and units in this International Standard are arranged so that the quantities are

presented on the left-hand pages and the units on the corresponding right-hand pages.

All units between two full lines on the right-hand pages belong to the quantities between the corresponding full

lines on the left-hand pages.

Where the numbering of an item has been changed in the revision of a part of ISO 31, the number in the

preceding edition is shown in parentheses on the left-hand page under the new number for the quantity; a dash

is used to indicate that the item in question did not appear in the preceding edition.

0.2 Tables of quantities

The names in English and in French of the most important quantities within the field of this International

Standard are given together with their symbols and, in most cases, their definitions. These names and symbols

are recommendations. The definitions are given for identification of the quantities in the International System of

Quantities (ISQ), listed on the left-hand pages of the table; they are not intended to be complete.

The scalar, vectorial or tensorial character of quantities is pointed out, especially when this is needed for the

definitions.

In most cases only one name and only one symbol for the quantity are given; where two or more names or two

or more symbols are given for one quantity and no special distinction is made, they are on an equal footing.

When two types of italic letters exist (for example as with ϑ and θ; ϕ and φ; a and a; g and g) only one of these

is given. This does not mean that the other is not equally acceptable. It is not recommended to give such

variants different meanings. A symbol within parentheses implies that it is a reserve symbol, to be used when,

in a particular context, the main symbol is in use with a different meaning.

In this English edition, the quantity names in French are printed in an italic font, and are preceded by fr. The

gender of the French name is indicated by (m) for male and (f) for female, immediately after the noun in the

French name.
0.3 Tables of units
0.3.1 General

The names of units for the corresponding quantities are given together with the international symbols and the

definitions. These unit names are language-dependent, but the symbols are international and the same in all

th 1)

languages. For further information, see the SI Brochure (7 edition 1998) from BIPM and ISO 80000-1 .

The units are arranged in the following way.

a) The coherent SI units are given first. The SI units have been adopted by the General Conference on

Weights and Measures (Conférence Générale des Poids et Mesures, CGPM). The use of coherent SI units

1) To be published.
ISO 2006 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
ISO 80000-4:2006(E)

is recommended; decimal multiples and submultiples formed with the SI prefixes are recommended even

though not explicitly mentioned.

b) Some non-SI units are then given, being those accepted by the International Committee for Weights and

Measures (Comité International des Poids et Mesures, CIPM), or by the International Organization of Legal

Metrology (Organisation Internationale de Métrologie Légale, OIML), or by ISO and IEC, for use with the SI.

Such units are separated from the SI units in the item by use of a broken line between the SI units and the

other units.

c) Non-SI units currently accepted by the CIPM for use with the SI are given in small print (smaller than the text

size) in the “Conversion factors and remarks” column.

d) Non-SI units that are not recommended are given only in annexes in some parts of this International

Standard. These annexes are informative, in the first place for the conversion factors, and are not integral

parts of the standard. These deprecated units are arranged in two groups:
1) units in the CGS system with special names;
2) units based on the foot, pound, second, and some other related units.

e) Other non-SI units given for information, especially regarding the conversion factors, are given in another

informative annex.

0.3.2 Remark on units for quantities of dimension one, or dimensionless quantities

The coherent unit for any quantity of dimension one, also called a dimensionless quantity, is the number one,

symbol 1. When the value of such a quantity is expressed, the unit symbol 1 is generally not written out

explicitly.
EXAMPLE 1 Refractive index n = 1,53× 1 = 1,53

Prefixes shall not be used to form multiples or submultiples of the unit one. Instead of prefixes, powers of 10 are

recommended.
EXAMPLE 2 Reynolds number Re = 1,32× 10

Considering that plane angle is generally expressed as the ratio of two lengths and solid angle as the ratio of

two areas, in 1995 the CGPM specified that, in the SI, the radian, symbol rad, and steradian, symbol sr, are

dimensionless derived units. This implies that the quantities plane angle and solid angle are considered as

derived quantities of dimension one. The units radian and steradian are thus equal to one; they may either be

omitted, or they may be used in expressions for derived units to facilitate distinction between quantities of

different kind but having the same dimension.
0.4 Numerical statements in this International Standard

The sign = is used to denote “is exactly equal to”, the sign ≈ is used to denote “is approximately equal to”, and

the sign := is used to denote “is by definition equal to”.

Numerical values of physical quantities that have been experimentally determined always have an associated

measurement uncertainty. This uncertainty should always be specified. In this International Standard, the

magnitude of the uncertainty is represented as in the following example.
EXAMPLE l = 2,347 82(32) m

In this example, l = a(b) m, the numerical value of the uncertainty b indicated in parentheses is assumed to

apply to the last (and least significant) digits of the numerical value a of the length l. This notation is used when

b represents the standard uncertainty (estimated standard deviation) in the last digits of a. The numerical

example given above may be interpreted to mean that the best estimate of the numerical value of the length l

(when l is expressed in the unit metre) is 2,347 82, and that the unknown value of l is believed to lie between

(2,347 82− 0,000 32) m and (2,347 82 + 0,000 32) m, with a probability determined by the standard

uncertainty 0,000 32 m and the probability distribution of the values of l.
vi ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 80000-4:2006(E)
Quantities and units —
Part 4:
Mechanics
1Scope

ISO 80000-4 gives the names, symbols and definitions for quantities and units of classical mechanics. Where

appropriate, conversion factors are also given.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document

(including any amendments) applies.
ISO 31-4:1992, Quantities and units — Part 4: Heat

ISO 31-11:1992, Quantities and units — Part 11: Mathematical signs and symbols for use in the physical

sciences and technology
ISO 80000-3:2006, Quantities and units — Part 3: Space and time
3 Names, symbols and definitions

The names, symbols, and definitions for quantities and units of mechanics are given on the following pages.

2) To be revised as ISO 80000-5.
3) To be revised as ISO 80000-2.
4) Revision of ISO 31-1:1992 and ISO 31-2:1992.
ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
ISO 80000-4:2006(E)
MECHANICS QUANTITIES
Item No. Name Symbol Definition Remarks
4-1 mass m mass is one of the seven base Mass is the quantity that can often
(3-1) fr masse (f) quantities in the International be measured with a balance.
System of Quantities, ISQ, on
which the International System
of Units, SI, is based
4-2 mass density, ρ ρ = dm/dV The systematic name, volumic
(3-2) density mass, is not given since the term
where m is mass (item 4-1)
fr masse (f) mass density or density is the
and Vis volume
volumique established term in the English
(ISO 80000-3:2006, item 3-4)
language.
4-3 relative mass For , the mass density of liquid
d d = ρ/ρ ρ
0 0
(3-3) density, water (1 000 kg/m ) is often used.
where ρ is the mass density
relative density
(item 4-2) of a substance and
fr densité (f),
ρ is the mass density (item
masse (f)
4-2) of a reference substance
volumique
under conditions that should be
relative
specified for both substances
4-4 specific volume, v v = 1/ρ
(3-4) massic volume
where is mass density (item
fr volume (m)
4-2)
massique
4-5 surface density, ρ ρ = dm/dA Surface mass density is also
A A
(3-6) areic mass used. The name “grammage”
where m is mass (item 4-1) and
fr masse (f) should not be used for this
A is area (ISO 80000-3:2006,
surfacique quantity.
item 3-3)
4-6 linear density, ρ ρ = dm/dl Linear mass density is also used.
l l
(3-5) lineic mass
where m is mass (item 4-1) and
fr masse (f) linéique
l is length (ISO 80000-3:2006,
item 3-1.1)
4-7 mass moment of This quantity should be
I, J
J = r dm
(3-7) inertia, distinguished from item 4-20, the
where r is the radial distance
moment of inertia second (axial or polar) moment of
(ISO 80000-3:2006, item 3-1.6)
fr moment (m) area. If there is a risk of confusion,
from a Q-axis and m is mass
d'inertie the symbol J should be used for
(item 4-1)
item 4-7 and I for item 4-20.
J also appears as a tensor of
the second order with
2 2
J = (y + z ) dm, cycl.,
xx �
cycl. and J =− xy dm,
cycl., cycl., where x, y, and z
are cartesian coordinates
(ISO 80000-3:2006, item
3-1.10)
2 ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
ISO 80000-4:2006(E)
UNITS MECHANICS
Inter-
Conversion factors and
Item No. Name national Definition
remarks
symbol

4-1.a kilogram kg unit of mass; it is equal to the Names of decimal multiples and

mass of the international submultiples of the unit of mass
prototype of the kilogram are formed by attaching prefixes
[3 CGPM (1901)] to the name “gram”
[CIPM (1967)].
1g = 0,001 kg
4-1.b tonne t 1t := 1 000 kg In the English language, this unit
is also called metric ton.
4-2.a kilogram per cubic kg/m
metre
3 3 3 3
4-2.b tonne per cubic t/m 1 t/m = 1 000 kg/m = 1 g/cm
metre
4-2.c kilogram per litre kg/l 1 kg/l = 1 000 kg/m
4-3.a one 1 See the Introduction, 0.3.2.
4-4.a cubic metre per m /kg
kilogram
4-5.a kilogram per square kg/m
metre
4-6.a kilogram per metre kg/m
4-7.a kilogram metre kg·m
squared
(continued)
ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 80000-4:2013
ISO 80000-4:2006(E)
MECHANICS QUANTITIES
Item No. Name Symbol Definition Remarks
4-8 momentum p for a particle
(3-8) fr quantité (f)
p = m v
de mouvement
where m is mass (item 4-1) and
v is velocity
(ISO 80000-3:2006, item 3-8.1)
4-9.1 force F F = dp/dt If the mass of a particle is
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.