Intelligent transport systems - Cooperative ITS - Part 1: Roles and responsibilities in the context of co-operative ITS architecture(s) (ISO 17427-1:2018)

This document contains a detailed description of the (actor invariant) roles (3.22) and responsibilities (3.21) required to deploy and operate Cooperative-ITS (C-ITS) (3.8). The organization/organization of actors / roles described in this document are designed to be appropriate for any fully operational system that uses the C-ITS concepts and techniques in order to achieve its service provision. This document is presented in terms of an organizational or enterprise viewpoint (3.10) as defined in ISO/IEC 10746-1.
This document is for all types of road traffic of all classes, and for any other actors involved in the provision of applications and services which use C-ITS techniques to achieve service provision. The description of roles is technology agnostic and, in terms of C-ITS, agnostic in respect of communication modes and embraces vehicle-vehicle communications, vehicle-infrastructure communications and infrastructure-infrastructure communications.
This document provides a methodology for the identification of service specific roles and their corresponding responsibilities based on a process oriented approach. Additionally, the methodology is used to identify the roles and responsibilities for C-ITS in general. Both the methodology as well as the roles and responsibilities for C-ITS are deduced from ISO/IEC 10746-1, ISO/IEC 10746-2, ISO/IEC 10746-3, the reference model of Open Distributed Processing. Open Distributed Processing offers five viewpoints of which the enterprise viewpoint corresponds with the organizational architecture and its roles and responsibilities.
To limit the scope of the document to the core of C-ITS, the roles are separated into external and internal. Considered to be internal are all roles that are highly relevant for the purpose of achieving service provision by means of C-ITS. Considered to be external are all roles involved in C-ITS, but not set up only for the purpose of C-ITS.
This document provides a description of a high-level architectural viewpoint on C-ITS. It is designed to be used as a blueprint when implementing service provision systems that use C-ITS, and the corresponding organizational structures. The characteristics of C-ITS entail a huge number of data/ information exchanges. Therefore the implementation stringently respects privacy and data protection as it is defined in ISO/TR 12859 and in national laws and regulations (where instantiated). Privacy and data protection affects all roles defined in this document due to these characteristics and all actors occupying roles in C-ITS respects the corresponding standards and regulations.

Intelligente Transportsysteme - Kooperative ITS - Teil 1: Rollen und Verantwortlichkeiten im Zusammenhang mit kooperativer(n) ITS-Architektur(en) (ISO 17427-1:2018)

Dieses Dokument enthält eine detaillierte Beschreibung der (für alle Akteure gleichen) Rollen (3.22) und Verantwortlichkeiten (3.21), die für den Einsatz und den Betrieb von Kooperativen ITS (C-ITS) (3.8) erforderlich sind. Die in diesem Dokument beschriebene(n) Organisation / Organisation von Akteuren / Rollen wurde(n) für ein beliebiges, komplett funktionsfähiges System entwickelt, das die C-ITS-Konzepte und -Techniken für die Bereitstellung seiner Dienstleistungen nutzt. Dieses Dokument wird im Sinne einer organisatorischen oder Unternehmenssichtweise (3.10), wie in ISO/IEC 10746-1 definiert, dargestellt.
Dieses Dokument gilt für alle Arten von Straßenverkehr sämtlicher Klassen und für sämtliche Akteure, die an der Bereitstellung von Anwendungen und Diensten beteiligt sind, welche C-ITS-Techniken für die Dienstbereitstellung nutzen. Die Beschreibung der Rollen ist technologieunabhängig und in Bezug auf C-ITS unabhängig hinsichtlich der Kommunikationsmodi und umfasst Kommunikationen zwischen Fahrzeugen, Kommunikationen zwischen Fahrzeug und Infrastruktur und Kommunikationen zwischen Infrastrukturen.
Dieses Dokument bietet eine Methodik für die Identifizierung von Dienst-spezifischen Rollen und ihren zugehörigen Verantwortlichkeiten, basierend auf einem prozessorientierten Ansatz. Außerdem wird die Methodik verwendet, um die Rollen und Verantwortlichkeiten für C-ITS im Allgemeinen zu identifizieren. Sowohl die Methodik als auch die Rollen und Verantwortlichkeiten für C-ITS werden von ISO/IEC 10746-1, ISO/IEC 10746-2, ISO/IEC 10746-3 abgeleitet, dem Referenzmodell von „Open Distributed Processing“. Open Distributed Processing bietet fünf Sichtweisen, von denen die Unternehmenssichtweise der Organisationsarchitektur entspricht, sowie deren Rollen und Verantwortlichkeiten entspricht.
Um den Umfang des Dokuments auf den Kern von C-ITS einzuschränken, werden die Rollen in externe und interne unterteilt. Es werden sämtliche Rollen als intern angesehen, die zum Bereitstellen von Diensten mit Hilfe von C-ITS im höchsten Maße relevant sind. Als extern werden all diejenigen Rollen angesehen, die an C-ITS beteiligt sind, aber nicht nur für den Zweck von C-ITS eingerichtet wurden.
Dieses Dokument bietet eine Beschreibung einer übergeordneten architektonischen Sichtweise hinsichtlich C-ITS. Sie wurde entwickelt, um als Entwurf bei der Implementierung von Dienstbereitstellungssystemen zu dienen, die C-ITS nutzen, sowie der zugehörigen Organisationsstrukturen. Die Eigenschaften von C-ITS bringen eine große Anzahl an Daten-/Informationsaustauschen mit sich. Deshalb berücksichtigt die Implementierung strengstens die Privatsphäre- und Datenschutzbestimmungen, wie sie in ISO/TR 12859 und in nationalen Gesetzen und Vorschriften (wo instanziiert) festgelegt sind. Wegen dieser Eigenschaften betreffen Privatsphäre und Datenschutz alle Rollen, die in diesem Dokument festgelegt wurden und alle Akteure mit Rollen in C-ITS halten diese entsprechenden Normen und Vorschriften ein.

Systèmes de transport intelligents - Systèmes de transport coopératifs intelligents - Partie 1: Rôles et responsabilités dans le contexte des STI fondés sur l'architecture (ISO 17427-1:2018)

Le présent document contient une description détaillée des rôles et des responsabilités (de chaque acteur) nécessaires pour déployer un SIT coopératif (SIT-C). L'organisation/les acteurs de l'organisation/les rôles décrits dans le présent document sont conçus pour convenir à tout système entièrement opérationnel exploitant les concepts et les techniques des SIT-C pour réaliser la fourniture de ses services. Le present document est présenté sous le vocable « Organisationnel » ou « Point de vue d'entreprise », tels que ces termes sont définis dans l'ISO/IEC 10746 Traitement réparti ouvert.
Le present document concerne tous les types de trafic routier de toutes les classes, et tous les acteurs impliqués dans la fourniture d'applications et de services utilisant les techniques des SIT-C (3.8) pour réaliser la fourniture de service. La description des rôles est indépendante de la technologie et, en termes de SIT-coopératif, indépendante des modes de communication et englobe les communications de véhicule à véhicule, les communications de véhicule à infrastructure et les communications d'infrastructure à infrastructure.
Le present document fournit une méthodologie d'identification des rôles particuliers à chaque service et des responsabilités afférentes sur la base d'une approche orientée processus. De plus, cette méthodologie est utilisée pour identifier les rôles et les responsabilités des SIT-coopératifs (3.8) de manière générale. La méthodologie et les rôles et responsabilités relatifs aux SIT-coopératifs dérivent de l'ISO/IEC 10746, le modèle de référence du « Traitement réparti ouvert ». Un traitement réparti ouvert fournit cinq points de vue, parmi lesquels le Point de vue d'entreprise (3.10) correspond à « l'architecture organisationnelle » et à ses rôles et responsabilités.
Pour limiter la portée du document au cœur des SIT-coopératifs, les rôles sont divisés en rôles « externes » et rôles « internes ». Les rôles considérés comme internes sont tous ceux dont l'objectif est fortement orienté vers la fourniture de services au moyen d'un SIT-coopératif. Les rôles considérés comme externes sont tous ceux impliqués dans un SIT-coopératif, mais qui ne sont pas mis en place dans le seul but de servir un SIT-coopératif.
Le present document donne une description des SIT-coopératifs d'un point de vue architectural au niveau macroscopique. Elle est conçue pour servir de modèle lors de la mise en œuvre de systèmes de fourniture de services utilisant un SIT-coopératif, et des structures organisationnelles correspondantes. Les caractéristiques des SIT-coopératifs impliquent un très grand nombre d'échanges de données et d'informations. Par conséquent, leur mise en œuvre exige un respect rigoureux de la protection de la vie privée et des données tel que défini dans l'ISO/TR 12859 et dans. Compte tenu de ces caractéristiques, la protection de la vie privée et des données affecte tous les rôles définis dans le present document et tous les acteurs en charge de ces rôles au sein des SIT-coopératifs se doivent de respecter les normes et les réglementations correspondantes.

Inteligentni transportni sistemi (ITS) - Kooperativni ITS - 1. del: Vloge in odgovornosti v okviru arhitekture kooperativnega ITS (ISO 17427-1:2018)

Ta dokument vsebuje podroben opis vlog (nespremenjen dejavniki) (3.22) in odgovornosti (3.21), ki so potrebne za uvedbo in upravljanje kooperativnega ITS (C-ITS) (3.8). Organizacija ali organizacija dejavnikov oziroma vloge, opisane v tem dokumentu, so zasnovane tako, da ustrezajo poljubnemu popolnoma delujočemu sistemu, ki uporablja koncepte in tehnike kooperativnega ITS za doseganje izvajanja svojih storitev. Ta dokument je predstavljen z vidika organizacije oziroma podjetja (3.10), kot je opredeljeno v standardu ISO/ IEC 10746-1.
Ta dokument je namenjen vsem vrstam in razredom cestnega prometa ter poljubnim drugim dejavnikom, povezanih z izvajanjem aplikacij in storitev, ki za doseganje izvajanja storitev uporabljajo tehnike kooperativnega ITS. Opis vlog je nepristranski glede tehnologije, z vidika kooperativnega ITS pa je nepristranski v zvezi z načini komunikacije ter tako upošteva komunikacijo med vozilom in vozilom, vozilom in infrastrukturo ter infrastrukturo in infrastrukturo.
Ta dokument podaja metodologijo za identifikacijo vlog, povezanih z določeno storitvijo, in njim ustreznih odgovornosti na podlagi procesno usmerjenega pristopa. Poleg tega se metodologija v splošnem uporablja za identifikacijo vlog in odgovornosti v okviru kooperativnega ITS. Tako metodologija kot vloge in odgovornosti za kooperativni ITS so izpeljane iz referenčnega modela odprte porazdeljene obdelave iz standardov ISO/IEC 10746-1, ISO/IEC 10746-2, ISO/IEC 10746-3. Odprta porazdeljena obdelava ponuja pet vidikov, pri čemer vidik podjetja ustreza organizacijski arhitekturi ter njenim vlogam in odgovornostim.
Za namen omejitve področja uporabe tega dokumenta na jedro kooperativnega ITS so vloge ločene na zunanje in notranje.
Kot notranje se upoštevajo vse vloge, ki so izjemno pomembne za doseganje izvajanja storitve v okviru kooperativnega ITS. Kot zunanje se upoštevajo vse vloge, povezane s kooperativnim ITS, vendar niso nastavljene samo za namen kooperativnega ITS.
Ta dokument podaja opis visokonivojskega arhitekturnega vidika o kooperativnem ITS. Zasnovan je za uporabo kot podlaga pri uvajanju sistemov za izvajanje storitev, ki uporabljajo kooperativni ITS, in ustreznih organizacijskih struktur. Značilnosti kooperativnega ITS zajemajo veliko količino podatkov ali izmenjav informacij, zato se pri izvajanju strogo upoštevata zasebnost in varstvo podatkov, kot je opredeljeno v standardu ISO/TR 12859 ter nacionalni zakonodaji in predpisih (kjer je to navedeno). Zaradi teh značilnosti zasebnost in varstvo podatkov vplivata na vse vloge, opredeljene v tem dokumentu.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
17-Jul-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
18-Jul-2018
Completion Date
18-Jul-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
01-oktober-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 17427:2014
Inteligentni transportni sistemi (ITS) - Kooperativni ITS - 1. del: Vloge in
odgovornosti v okviru arhitekture kooperativnega ITS (ISO 17427-1:2018)

Intelligent transport systems - Cooperative ITS - Part 1: Roles and responsibilities in the

context of co-operative ITS architecture(s) (ISO 17427-1:2018)

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LP=XVDPPHQKDQJPLWNRRSHUDWLYHU Q ,76$UFKLWHNWXU HQ  ,62


Systèmes intelligents de transport - Systèmes intelligents de transport coopératifs -

Partie 1: Rôles et responsabilités dans le contexte des ITS fondés sur l'architecture (ISO

17427-1:2018)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 17427-1:2018
ICS:
03.220.01 Transport na splošno Transport in general
35.240.60 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in transport
prometu
SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
EN ISO 17427-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
July 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 03.220.01; 35.240.60 Supersedes CEN ISO/TS 17427:2014
English Version
Intelligent transport systems - Cooperative ITS - Part 1:
Roles and responsibilities in the context of co-operative
ITS architecture(s) (ISO 17427-1:2018)

Systèmes intelligents de transport - Systèmes Intelligente Transportsysteme - Kooperative ITS - Teil

intelligents de transport coopératifs - Partie 1: Rôles et 1: Rollen und Verantwortlichkeiten im Zusammenhang

responsabilités dans le contexte des ITS fondés sur mit kooperativer(n) ITS-Architektur(en) (ISO 17427-

l'architecture (ISO 17427-1:2018) 1:2018)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 June 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 17427-1:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
EN ISO 17427-1:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
EN ISO 17427-1:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 17427-1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204

"Intelligent transport systems" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 278 “Intelligent

transport systems” the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2019, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by January 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes CEN ISO/TS 17427:2014.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 17427-1:2018 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 17427-1:2018 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 17427-1
First edition
2018-06
Intelligent transport systems —
Cooperative ITS —
Part 1:
Roles and responsibilities in
the context of co-operative ITS
architecture(s)
Systèmes intelligents de transport — Systèmes intelligents de
transport coopératifs —
Partie 1: Rôles et responsabilités dans le contexte des ITS fondés sur
l'architecture
Reference number
ISO 17427-1:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
ISO 17427-1:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
ISO 17427-1:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5 Compliance ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

6 How to use this document ........................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.1 Roles and responsibilities in the context of Cooperative-ITS ......................................................................... 5

6.2 Guidance for developers and implementers of C-ITS application standards .................................... 6

7 Introduction and theoretical framework.................................................................................................................................... 6

7.1 Use of ODP................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

7.2 Transferring ODP to roles and responsibilities for C-ITS ................................................................................... 7

7.3 External enterprise objects .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

7.4 Internal enterprise objects ........................................................................................................................................................10

8 Roles and responsibilities .......................................................................................................................................................................10

8.1 Introduction ...........................................................................................................................................................................................10

8.2 Generic description of organizational architecture .............................................................................................10

8.2.1 System operation ..........................................................................................................................................................10

8.2.2 Functional operation .................................................................................................................................................11

8.2.3 System management..................................................................................................................................................11

8.2.4 Policy framework .........................................................................................................................................................11

8.3 General responsibilities of actors involved in C-ITS ............................................................................................11

8.3.1 Registration and authorization ........................................................................................................................11

8.3.2 Privacy and data protection ................................................................................................................................12

8.4 Role — Functional operation ...................................................................................................................................................12

8.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................12

8.4.2 Sub-role — Generic functional operation ...............................................................................................13

8.4.3 Sub-role — Specific functional operation ...............................................................................................14

8.5 Role — System management ...................................................................................................................................................16

8.5.1 Sub-role — Service catalogue manager ....................................................................................................16

8.5.2 Sub-role — C-ITS architect ...................................................................................................................................16

8.5.3 Sub-role — Change manager ..............................................................................................................................16

8.5.4 Sub-role — Test manager ......................................................................................................................................16

8.5.5 Sub-role — Service level manager .................................................................................................................16

8.5.6 Sub-role — Homologation manager ............................................................................................................16

8.5.7 Sub-role — Compliance manager ..................................................................................................................16

8.5.8 Sub-role — Financial manager .........................................................................................................................16

8.5.9 Sub-role — Service owner ....................................................................................................................................17

8.5.10 Sub-role — Project manager ..............................................................................................................................17

8.5.11 Sub-role — Information security manager ............................................................................................17

8.5.12 Sub-role — Privacy manager..............................................................................................................................17

8.6 Role — System operation............................................................................................................................................................17

8.6.1 Sub-role — Capacity manager...........................................................................................................................17

8.6.2 Sub-role — Availability manager ....................................................................................................................17

8.6.3 Sub-role — Technical analyst .............................................................................................................................17

8.6.4 Sub-role — Configuration manager .............................................................................................................17

8.6.5 Sub-role — IT-operations manager ..............................................................................................................17

8.6.6 Sub-role — Access manager ...............................................................................................................................17

8.7 Role — Policy framework ...........................................................................................................................................................18

8.7.1 Sub-role — Non-regulatory policy institution ....................................................................................18

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
ISO 17427-1:2018(E)

8.7.2 Sub-role —Cooperative ITS Credential Management system (CCMS)............................18

8.7.3 Privacy body .....................................................................................................................................................................18

8.7.4 Information security body ....................................................................................................................................18

8.7.5 Sub-role — Authority................................................................................................................................................18

8.8 Profiles ........................................................................................................................................................................................................18

Annex A (informative) Methodology and its sample application ........................................................................................19

Annex B (informative) Profiles ................................................................................................................................................................................30

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................43

iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
ISO 17427-1:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity assessment,

as well as information about ISO's adherence to the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport.

This first edition cancels and replaces ISO/TS 17427:2014 which has been technically revised.

A list of all the parts in the ISO 17427 series can be found on the ISO website.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
ISO 17427-1:2018(E)
Introduction

Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) (3.8) are a promising advancement of Intelligent

Transport Systems (ITS). Numerous applications, made possible only, or most efficiently, by the

cooperation of actors (3.2) (other vehicles, the infrastructure (3.12), service (3.25) providers, even

bystanders), are being devised that open up new possibilities to make traffic safer, more efficient and

smarter. Technologies are being developed and improved to realize and support those new services

and applications (3.3). But, to finally implement C-ITS and to achieve the benefits of greater safety and

better mobility, multiple actors will have to cooperate with each other in a completely new way. Actors

that have to date worked in isolation, i.e. in so called “silos”, will have to find a way to achieve these

possibilities. New actors may also be required for the provision of some services. This requires a clear

definition and assignment of behaviours (3.4), responsibilities (3.21) and liabilities. Therefore a general,

abstract organizational architecture with the description of the single roles (3.22), their behaviour, and

the corresponding responsibilities, is an essential prerequisite for the deployment of C-ITS.

The organizational relationships with the description of roles and responsibilities, is a crucial part of

the whole C-ITS architecture. C-ITS is not an objective in itself, it is a means to achieve the potential

of service provision through the cooperation of actors involved in the ITS sector. The architectural

viewpoint comprising the organizational architecture has extensive influences on the deployment and

implementation of C-ITS.

This document describes the high level roles and responsibilities of a C-ITS service provider and aligns

it with other C-ITS standards and specifications.
vi © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 17427-1:2018(E)
Intelligent transport systems — Cooperative ITS —
Part 1:
Roles and responsibilities in the context of co-operative ITS
architecture(s)
1 Scope

This document contains a detailed description of the (actor invariant) roles (3.22) and responsibilities

(3.21) required to deploy and operate Cooperative-ITS (C-ITS) (3.8). The organization/organization

of actors / roles described in this document are designed to be appropriate for any fully operational

system that uses the C-ITS concepts and techniques in order to achieve its service provision. This

document is presented in terms of an organizational or enterprise viewpoint (3.10) as defined in ISO/

IEC 10746-1.

This document is for all types of road traffic of all classes, and for any other actors involved in the

provision of applications and services which use C-ITS techniques to achieve service provision. The

description of roles is technology agnostic and, in terms of C-ITS, agnostic in respect of communication

modes and embraces vehicle-vehicle communications, vehicle-infrastructure communications and

infrastructure-infrastructure communications.

This document provides a methodology for the identification of service specific roles and their

corresponding responsibilities based on a process oriented approach. Additionally, the methodology

is used to identify the roles and responsibilities for C-ITS in general. Both the methodology as well

as the roles and responsibilities for C-ITS are deduced from ISO/IEC 10746-1, ISO/IEC 10746-2, ISO/

IEC 10746-3, the reference model of Open Distributed Processing. Open Distributed Processing offers

five viewpoints of which the enterprise viewpoint corresponds with the organizational architecture and

its roles and responsibilities.

To limit the scope of the document to the core of C-ITS, the roles are separated into external and internal.

Considered to be internal are all roles that are highly relevant for the purpose of achieving service

provision by means of C-ITS. Considered to be external are all roles involved in C-ITS, but not set up only

for the purpose of C-ITS.

This document provides a description of a high-level architectural viewpoint on C-ITS. It is designed

to be used as a blueprint when implementing service provision systems that use C-ITS, and the

corresponding organizational structures. The characteristics of C-ITS entail a huge number of data/

information exchanges. Therefore the implementation stringently respects privacy and data protection

as it is defined in ISO/TR 12859 and in national laws and regulations (where instantiated). Privacy and

data protection affects all roles defined in this document due to these characteristics and all actors

occupying roles in C-ITS respects the corresponding standards and regulations.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/TR 12859:2009, Intelligent transport systems — System architecture — Privacy aspects in ITS

standards and systems

ISO 14817-2, Intelligent transport systems — ITS central data dictionaries — Part 2: Governance of the

Central ITS Data Concept Registry
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
ISO 17427-1:2018(E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at https: //www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
3.1
action
something which happens; the fact or process (3.18) of doing something
EXAMPLE Typically to achieve an aim.
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 10746-2, 8.3]
3.2
actor

person or organizational unit playing a coherent set of roles (3.22) when interacting with the system

within a particular use case
[SOURCE: ISO 24014-1:2015, 2.2]
3.3
application
app
software based mechanism of delivering some or all parts of a service (3.25)
[SOURCE: ISO 14813-1, 3.2]
3.4
behaviour
collection of actions (3.1) with a set of constraints on when they may occur
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 10746-2, 8.7]
3.5
bounded secure managed domain
BSMD

ITS-S (3.15) application (3.3) processes (3.18) which function within a controlled environment comprised

of an ITS-S facilities layer, ITS-S networking & transport layer, ITS-S access layer, ITS-S management

entity and ITS-S security entity, which adhere to a minimum set of security principles and procedures

so as to establish a level of trust between itself and other similar ITS stations (3.15) with which it

communicates
3.6
client
party which instigates/authorizes the provision of an ITS service (3.14)
3.7
community
configuration of objects (3.17) formed to meet an objective
[SOURCE: ISO 10746-3, 5.1.1]
2 © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
ISO 17427-1:2018(E)
3.8
Cooperative-ITS
C-ITS

subset of overall ITS that communicates and shares information between ITS stations (3.15) to provide,

exchange, or receive, data, give advice or facilitate actions with the objective of improving safety,

sustainability, efficiency and comfort beyond the scope of stand-alone systems

Note 1 to entry: As an alternative to a “subset”, Cooperative-ITS could be viewed as a “paradigm” in overall ITS.

[SOURCE: ISO/TR 17465-1, 2.1]
3.9
enterprise object
object (3.17) in enterprise viewpoint (3.10)
3.10
enterprise viewpoint

viewpoint on an open distributed processing (ODP) system and its environment that focuses on the

purpose, scope and policies for that system
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 10746-3, 4.1.1.1]
3.11
external enterprise object

enterprise object (3.9) involved in C-ITS but not set up for the only purpose of C-ITS

3.12
infrastructure

system of facilities, equipment and services (3.25) needed for the operation of an organization

Note 1 to entry: C-ITS specific: static part of C-ITS incorporating sensors, actuators, static ITS Station(s) (3.15).

[SOURCE: ISO 9000:2015, 3.5.2]
3.13
internal enterprise object

enterprise object (3.9) within C-ITS set up only as an internal C-ITS mechanism to enable or support the

provision of an ITS service (3.14) via C-ITS
3.14
ITS service
provides benefits to its service recipient (3.28)
3.15
ITS Station
ITS-S

entity in a communication network, comprised of applications (3.3), facilities, networking and access

layer components that operate using regular wireless communications interface security, or may

operate within a bounded secure management domain (3.5)
3.16
data lifecycle process
process (3.18) based on data element transformation
3.17
object

model of an entity, characterized by its behaviour (3.4) and dually by its state, distinct from any other

object, encapsulated, i.e. any change in its state can only occur as a result of an internal action (3.1) or

as a result of an interaction with its environment
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 10746-2, 8.1]
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 17427-1:2018
ISO 17427-1:2018(E)
3.18
process

sequence of tasks (3.32) or set of interrelated tasks which transform inputs into outputs

[SOURCE: ISO 9000:2015, 3.4.1]
3.19
process chain

sequence of processes (3.18) that wait in the background for an event, with some of these processes

triggering a separate event that can start other processes in turn
[SOURCE: SAP Help Portal]
3.20
public key infrastructure
PKI

hierarchy of “certification authorities” to allow individuals and organizations to identify each other for

the purpose of doing business electronically
3.21
responsible
responsibility
responsibilities

state of being accountable or answerable, as for an entity, function, system, security service or obligation

Note 1 to entry: A responsibility might be a legally backed assignment of actions (3.1) to a role (3.22).

3.22
role

described by tasks (3.32), a behaviour (3.4) and responsibilities (3.21) and to be associated

...

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