Safety of toys - Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use

This document specifies requirements and test methods for trampolines for domestic use, their access devices and their enclosures, intended for outdoor and/or indoor use by one person at a time.
The scope of this document excludes:
-   trampolines used as gymnastic equipment, covered by EN 13219:2008;
-   floating inflatable trampolines, covered by the EN ISO 25649:2017 series;
-   trampolines used in public playgrounds;
-   inclined mat trampolines;
-   inflatable trampolines;
-   fitness trampolines, including trampolines for medical use;
-   trampolines with additional features, e.g. tents, basketball hoop.

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 14: Trampoline für den häuslichen Gebrauch

Dieses Dokument legt Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Trampoline für den häuslichen Gebrauch, ihre Einstiegshilfen und ihre Sicherheitsnetze fest, die für den Gebrauch im Freien und/oder im Innenbereich durch jeweils eine Person vorgesehen sind.
Vom Anwendungsbereich dieses Dokumentes ausgeschlossen sind:
-   Trampoline zum Gebrauch als Turngeräte, die in EN 13219:2008 behandelt werden;
-   schwimmende aufblasbare Trampoline, die in Normenreihe EN ISO 25649:2017 behandelt werden;
-   Trampoline zum Gebrauch auf öffentlichen Spielplätzen;
-   Trampoline mit einstellbarer Neigung;
-   aufblasbare Trampoline;
-   Fitnesstrampoline, einschließlich Trampoline für medizinische Anwendungen;
-    Trampoline mit zusätzlichen Merkmalen, z. B. Zelte, Basketball Ring.

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 14: Trampolines à usage familial

Le présent document spécifie les exigences et les méthodes d’essai relatives aux trampolines à usage familial, leurs dispositifs d’accès et leurs enceintes, destinés à une utilisation intérieure et/ou extérieure par une seule personne à la fois.
Sont exclus du domaine d’application du présent document :
-   les trampolines utilisés comme matériel de gymnastique, couverts par l’EN 13219:2008 ;
-   les trampolines gonflables flottants, couverts par la série de normes EN ISO 25649:2017 ;
-   les trampolines utilisés dans les aires de jeux ;
-   les trampolines à tapis incliné ;
-   les trampolines gonflables ;
-   les trampolines de fitness, y compris les trampolines à usage médical ;
-   les trampolines dotés d’autres fonctions, par exemple avec tentes ou panier de basket.

Varnost igrač - 14. del: Trampolini za domačo uporabo

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve in preskusne metode za trampoline za domačo uporabo, njihove mehanizme za dostop in njihove ograde, ki so namenjeni zunanji in/ali notranji uporabi nad tlemi in jih lahko uporablja samo ena oseba naenkrat. Področje uporabe tega evropskega standarda ne zajema: –    trampolinov, ki se uporabljajo kot gimnastična oprema in so zajeti v standardu EN 13219; –    napihljivih plavajočih trampolinov, ki so zajeti v standardih EN 15649; –    trampolinov, ki se uporabljajo na javnih igriščih; –    trampolinov z nagnjeno površino; –    napihljivih trampolinov; –    fitnes trampolinov, vključno s trampolini za medicinsko uporabo; –    trampolinov z dodatnimi elementi, npr. šotorom, košarkarskim košem; –    trampolinov za domačo uporabo za talno vgradnjo.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
11-Dec-2018
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
12-Dec-2018
Completion Date
12-Dec-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 71-14:2019
01-februar-2019
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 71-14:2015+A1:2017
9DUQRVWLJUDþGHO7UDPSROLQL]DGRPDþRXSRUDER
Safety of toys - Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use
Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 14: Trampoline für den häuslichen Gebrauch
Sécurité des jouets Partie 14 : Trampolines à usage familial
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 71-14:2018
ICS:
97.200.50 ,JUDþH Toys
SIST EN 71-14:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 71-14:2019
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SIST EN 71-14:2019
EN 71-14
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.200.50 Supersedes EN 71-14:2014+A1:2017
English Version
Safety of toys - Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 14: Trampolines à usage Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 14: Trampoline für den

familial häuslichen Gebrauch
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 5 October 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 71-14:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 71-14:2019
EN 71-14:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Trampoline categories ............................................................................................................................... 10

5 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 11

5.1 Exemptions from certain requirements in EN 71-1 (see A.2) ...................................................... 11

5.2 General requirements for the trampoline construction (see A.3) ............................................. 11

5.2.1 Requirements for mini-trampolines (see Clause 4) ........................................................................ 11

5.2.2 Requirements for medium and large trampolines (see Clause 4) ............................................. 12

5.2.3 Requirements for all trampoline categories ...................................................................................... 13

5.3 Durability of materials (see A.4) ............................................................................................................ 14

5.3.1 Metallic parts ................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.3.2 Non-metallic parts ....................................................................................................................................... 14

5.4 Entrapment (see A.5) .................................................................................................................................. 15

5.4.1 Finger entrapment ....................................................................................................................................... 15

5.4.2 Head and neck entrapment ...................................................................................................................... 15

5.4.3 Foot entrapment ........................................................................................................................................... 16

5.5 Pinching and crushing hazards (see 7.7 and A.6) ............................................................................. 16

5.6 Sharp edges, sharp points and protruding parts .............................................................................. 16

5.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

5.6.2 Sharp edges and sharp points .................................................................................................................. 16

5.6.3 Protruding parts ........................................................................................................................................... 17

5.7 Access devices ............................................................................................................................................... 17

5.8 Padding (see 7.7 and A.7) .......................................................................................................................... 17

5.8.1 Padding coverage ......................................................................................................................................... 17

5.8.2 Impact resistance of the frame padding and the suspension system ........................................ 18

5.8.3 Protection of the poles ............................................................................................................................... 18

5.8.4 Protection of the handrails (for mini-trampolines) ........................................................................ 18

5.9 Strength (see A.8) ......................................................................................................................................... 18

5.9.1 Vertical strength of the enclosure .......................................................................................................... 18

5.9.2 Frame strength .............................................................................................................................................. 18

5.9.3 Dynamic strength of enclosures ............................................................................................................. 18

5.9.4 Strength of the fixations of the padding to the frame ..................................................................... 18

5.9.5 Static strength of access devices ............................................................................................................. 18

5.9.6 Strength of mat, suspension system and frame................................................................................. 18

5.10 Mat deflection (see A.9) ............................................................................................................................. 18

5.10.1 Non-buried trampolines ............................................................................................................................. 18

5.10.2 Buried trampolines ...................................................................................................................................... 19

5.11 Stability ............................................................................................................................................................ 19

5.12 Tool for assessing a correct hole depth for buried trampolines .................................................. 19

6 Warnings, markings and instructions (see A.10) ............................................................................. 19

6.1 Warnings ......................................................................................................................................................... 19

6.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

6.1.2 Warning regarding domestic use ........................................................................................................... 19

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6.1.3 Warning regarding trampolines not intended for children under 36 months ...................... 19

6.2 Warnings and markings on the product (see A.10) ......................................................................... 20

6.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20

6.2.2 Marking of the centre of the mat ............................................................................................................. 20

6.3 Warnings and markings on the packaging .......................................................................................... 21

6.4 Warnings and information in the instructions for use ................................................................... 22

6.4.1 Warnings .......................................................................................................................................................... 22

6.4.2 Information ..................................................................................................................................................... 23

6.4.3 Assembly and maintenance instructions ............................................................................................. 23

7 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 24

7.1 Dynamic tests ................................................................................................................................................. 24

7.1.1 Padding impact test (see 5.8.2) ............................................................................................................... 24

7.1.2 Enclosure and poles impact strength test (see 5.2.3.1 and 5.9.3) ............................................... 24

7.2 Strength ............................................................................................................................................................ 26

7.2.1 Vertical strength of the enclosure (see 5.9.1) .................................................................................... 26

7.2.2 Frame strength (see 5.9.2) ........................................................................................................................ 27

7.2.3 Strength test of mat, suspension system and frame (see 5.9.6) ................................................... 29

7.2.4 Strength of the padding fixations to the frame (see 5.9.4) ............................................................ 29

7.2.5 Static strength of access devices (see 5.9.5)........................................................................................ 29

7.3 Stability (see 5.11) ....................................................................................................................................... 29

7.3.1 Stability of the frame ................................................................................................................................... 29

7.3.2 Enclosure and poles impact stability test ............................................................................................ 30

7.4 Testing of the assembly (see 5.2.3.1 and 5.2.3.2) .............................................................................. 31

7.5 Durability tests (see 5.3) ............................................................................................................................ 32

7.5.1 Metallic parts (see 5.3.1) ............................................................................................................................ 32

7.5.2 Non-metallic parts ........................................................................................................................................ 32

7.6 Mat deflection test (see 5.10) ................................................................................................................... 33

7.6.1 Buried trampolines ....................................................................................................................................... 33

7.6.2 Non-buried trampolines .............................................................................................................................. 33

7.7 Test for padding and pinching and crushing hazards (see 5.5 and 5.8.1) ............................... 35

7.8 Test for retaining wall system (see 5.2.2.3) ........................................................................................ 35

Annex A (informative) Rationale ......................................................................................................................... 36

A.1 Scope (see Clause 1) ..................................................................................................................................... 36

A.2 General (see 5.1 and 5.2.3) ........................................................................................................................ 36

A.3 Enclosure and soft surface (see 5.2) ...................................................................................................... 37

A.4 Durability of materials (see 5.3) ............................................................................................................. 38

A.5 Entrapment (see 5.4) ................................................................................................................................... 39

A.6 Pinching and crushing hazards (see 5.5) ............................................................................................. 39

A.7 Padding (see 5.8) .......................................................................................................................................... 39

A.8 Strength test (see 5.9) ................................................................................................................................. 39

A.9 Mat deflection (see 5.10)............................................................................................................................ 40

A.10 Warnings and markings on the product (see 6.2) ............................................................................ 41

A.11 Skirt to prevent children, animals or objects to end up under the mat .................................... 41

Annex B (informative) Significant technical changes between this European Standard and

the previous version .................................................................................................................................... 42

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Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2009/48/EC aimed to be covered .............................................. 44

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 45

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SIST EN 71-14:2019
EN 71-14:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 71-14:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 52 “Safety of

toys”, the secretariat of which is held by DS.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 71-14:2014+A1:2017.

This document has been prepared under mandate M/445 given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of
EU Directive 2009/48/EC.

For relationship with EU Directive 2009/48/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of

this document.

This European Standard constitutes the 14 part of the European Standard on safety of toys and needs

to be read in conjunction with Part 1.
This European Standard, Safety of toys, consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties;
— Part 2: Flammability;
— Part 3: Migration of certain elements;
— Part 4: Experimental sets for chemistry and related activities;
— Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets;
— Part 7: Finger paints — Requirements and test methods;
— Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use;
— Part 9: Organic chemical compounds — Requirements;
— Part 10: Organic chemical compounds — Sample preparation and extraction;
— Part 11: Organic chemical compounds — Methods of analysis;
— Part 12: N-Nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances;
— Part 13: Olfactory board games, cosmetic kits and gustative games;
— Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use [this document].
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EN 71-14:2018 (E)

NOTE 1 In addition to the above parts of EN 71, the following guidance documents have been published: the

CEN Technical Report, CEN/TR 15071, Safety of toys — National translations of warnings and instructions for use in

EN 71, and the CEN Technical Report, CEN/TR 15371 (all parts), Safety of toys — Interpretations.

NOTE 2 Words in italics are defined in Clause 3 (Terms and definitions). Additional information on the

background and rationale for various requirements is given in Annex A.
NOTE 3 Different legal requirements may exist in non-EU countries.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 71-14:2019
EN 71-14:2018 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies requirements and test methods for trampolines for domestic use, their access

devices and their enclosures, intended for outdoor and/or indoor use by one person at a time.

The scope of this document excludes:
— trampolines used as gymnastic equipment, covered by EN 13219:2008;
— floating inflatable trampolines, covered by the EN ISO 25649:2017 series;
— trampolines used in public playgrounds;
— inclined mat trampolines;
— inflatable trampolines;
— fitness trampolines, including trampolines for medical use;
— trampolines with additional features, e.g. tents, basketball hoop.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, Safety of toys — Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties

EN 71-8:2018, Safety of toys — Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use
EN 913:2008, Gymnastic equipment — General safety requirements and test methods

EN 1176-1:2017, Playground equipment and surfacing — Part 1: General safety requirements and test

methods

EN 13219:2008, Gymnastic equipment — Trampolines — Functional and safety requirements, test

methods

EN ISO 4892-3:2016, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 3: Fluorescent UV

lamps (ISO 4892-3:2016)

EN ISO 9227:2017, Corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres — Salt spray tests (ISO 9227:2017)

EN ISO 13934-1:2013, Textiles — Tensile properties of fabrics — Part 1: Determination of maximum force

and elongation at maximum force using the strip method (ISO 13934-1:2013)

EN ISO 25649:2017 (all parts), Floating leisure articles for use on and in the water (ISO 25649:2017)

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3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia. available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
access device

equipment used for access to, or egress from, the mat of a trampoline including, but not limited to,

ladders
3.2
bouncing

action considered as normal use of a trampoline consisting of continuous, vertical jumping in which

each landing is in close proximity to the previous landing
3.3
enclosure
flexible barrier (constraint) surrounding the trampoline
3.4
enclosure height

distance from the surface of the mat to the lowest point of the brim of the enclosure

Note 1 to entry: The enclosure height is illustrated in Figure 1:
Key
1 enclosure height
Figure 1 — Enclosure height
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EN 71-14:2018 (E)
3.5
frame
construction of rigid supportive materials from which the mat is suspended

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 2 for an example of domestic trampoline including trampoline frame and mat.

Key
1 mat
2 suspension system

3 frame size (in case of a non-circular trampoline the frame size is the maximum distance between two opposite

points of the frame)
4 frame
5 padding
6 jumping area
Figure 2 — Example of trampoline frame and mat
3.6
legs
part of the framework, constructed of rigid materials which support the frame
3.7
mat

predominantly flexible surface which the user contacts in the course of bouncing on the trampoline

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 2 for an example of domestic trampoline including trampoline frame and mat.

3.8
maximum user weight

mass, in kilograms, indicated by the manufacturer as the maximum weight of a user

3.9
padding

shock-attenuating protective system attached to the frame to cover the frame and the suspension system

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 2 for an example of domestic trampoline including trampoline frame and mat.

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EN 71-14:2018 (E)
3.10
suspension system

mechanism that supports the mat, consisting of flexible devices that connect the mat to the frame

Note 1 to entry: Steel extension springs are a typical example of a suspension system.

3.11
buried trampoline

trampoline which according to the manufacturer's instructions requires a hole to be dug as part of the

installation process
3.12
raised buried trampoline
buried trampoline with the frame levelled above the ground
3.13
ground-levelled trampoline
buried trampoline with the frame levelled with the ground
3.14
non-buried trampoline

trampoline which according to the manufacturer's instructions does not require a hole to be dug as part

of the installation process
3.15
skirt
device intended to prevent the user to enter the area below the trampoline
3.16
jumping area
area of the mat accessible for bouncing

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 2 for an example of domestic trampoline including trampoline frame and mat.

3.17
collapse
sudden or unexpected folding of a structure
[SOURCE: EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, 3.12]
4 Trampoline categories

Trampolines shall be classified by the frame size, maximum user weight and frame height according to

Table 1.
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EN 71-14:2018 (E)
Table 1 — Trampoline frame size, frame height and maximum user weight
Mini Medium Large
Frame size < 1 500 < 2 500 ≥ 2 500
in mm
Maximum user weight ≤ 25 ≤ 50 Manufacturer defined
in kg
Frame height of non- < 350 < 500 ≥ 500
buried trampolines
in mm

The frame size for a circular trampoline is equal to the diameter (see Figure 2) while for non-circular

trampolines it is equal to the maximum distance between two opposite points of the outside of the

frame (e.g. the largest diagonal in the case of a rectangular trampoline).

If at least one of the measurements in Table 1 is exceeded, the trampoline shall be classified in the

closest higher category.
5 General requirements
5.1 Exemptions from certain requirements in EN 71-1 (see A.2)

The requirements in EN 71-1 are applicable to trampolines for domestic use with exemptions for the

requirements under the following headings in EN 71-1:
— edges (EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, 4.7);
— points and metallic wires (EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, 4.8);
— protruding parts (EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, 4.9);
— toys which a child can enter (EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, 4.14.1).

The above-mentioned requirements from EN 71-1 are not exempted for trampolines intended for

children under 36 months.

NOTE This European standard specifies specific requirements for edges, sharp points and protruding parts

for trampolines for domestic use (see 5.6.2, sharp edges and sharp points and 5.6.3) which is why the

corresponding requirements of EN 71–1 do not apply to trampolines (for children of 36 months and over).

5.2 General requirements for the trampoline construction (see A.3)
5.2.1 Requirements for mini-trampolines (see Clause 4)

Mini-trampolines shall be provided with anti-slip feet. Such trampolines shall not slip when tested

according to EN 13219:2008, 5.2.

Mini-trampolines may be equipped with handrails to assist the balance of the user. Mini-trampolines

may be equipped with an enclosure. If mini-trampolines are equipped with handrails, they shall not be

equipped with an enclosure.
NOTE See 5.2.3.2 for requirements on enclosures.
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5.2.2 Requirements for medium and large trampolines (see Clause 4)
5.2.2.1 Non-buried trampolines
Non-buried large trampolines shall have a frame height of ≥ 500 mm.

Non-buried medium and large trampolines shall be equipped with an enclosure but shall not be

equipped with a handrail.
NOTE See 5.2.3.2 for requirements on enclosures.
5.2.2.2 Raised buried trampolines

Raised buried medium and large trampolines shall be equipped with an enclosure but shall not be

equipped with a handrail.
NOTE See 5.2.3.2 for requirements on enclosures.

If any part of a raised buried trampoline is located below ground level a retaining wall system as

specified in 5.2.2.3 shall be provided.
5.2.2.3 Ground-levelled trampolines

The frame of ground-levelled trampolines shall be levelled with the ground. A tolerance of ± 50 mm is

acceptable.

Ground-levelled medium and large trampolines shall not be equipped with a handrail. They shall

— either be equipped with an enclosure; or

— be provided with means of ensuring a soft surface (e.g. impact absorbing material) of 1,0 m

measured from the edge of the jumping area. The soft surface on and outside the frame shall comply

with EN 1176-1:2017, 4.2.8.5 (Protection against injuries from the surface of the impact area) with

a critical fall height of 1,5 m. The soft surface shall be flat. A tolerance of ± 50 mm is acceptable.

NOTE 1 See 5.2.3.2 for requirements on enclosures.

NOTE 2 The soft surface may consist of e.g. impact absorbing material. It can be the same material as the

padding if the material complies with the requirements in 5.2.2.3 and 5.8.

Ground-levelled trampolines shall be provided with a retaining wall system to avoid soil or other

substances from falling beneath the structure.
When tested according to 7.8, the retaining wall system shall not:
— break;
— deform in such a way that it enters the safety zone (see Figure 13); or
— permanently deform.

If the frame of the ground-levelled trampoline is resting on a ledge the height of the retaining wall

system (H) shall be equal or more than the lengths of the ledge (l, see Figure 3).

...

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