Clay roofing tiles for discontinuous laying - Determination of physical characteristics - Part 1: Impermeability test

This European Standard describes two test methods for testing the impermeability to water of clay roof tiles and fittings which can be considered as equivalent.
NOTE   The methods are not applicable to all fittings, because of their different shapes.

Dachziegel für überlappende Verlegung - Bestimmung der physikalischen Eigenschaften - Teil 1: Prüfung der Wasserundurchlässigkeit

Diese Europäische Norm beschreibt zwei Verfahren zur Prüfung der Wasserundurchlässigkeit von Dachziegeln und Formziegeln, die als einander gleichwertig angesehen werden können.
ANMERKUNG   Diese Verfahren sind wegen der unterschiedlichen Formen nicht auf alle Formziegel anwendbar.

Tuiles de terre cuite pour pose en discontinu - Détermination des caractéristiques physiques - Partie 1: Essai d'imperméabilité

La présente Norme européenne décrit deux méthodes d’essai pour la détermination de l’imperméabilité à l’eau des tuiles et accessoires en terre cuite qui peuvent être considérées comme équivalentes.
NOTE   Les méthodes ne s’appliquent pas à tous les accessoires en raison de leur forme particulière.

Opečni strešniki – Ugotavljanje fizikalnih lastnosti – 1. del: Preskus neprepustnosti za vodo

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
20-Sep-2005
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Due Date
15-Sep-2016
Completion Date
09-Jun-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 539-1:2006
01-januar-2006
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 539-1:1998
Opečni strešniki – Ugotavljanje fizikalnih lastnosti – 1. del: Preskus
neprepustnosti za vodo

Clay roofing tiles for discontinuous laying - Determination of physical characteristics -

Part 1: Impermeability test

Dachziegel für überlappende Verlegung - Bestimmung der physikalischen Eigenschaften

- Teil 1: Prüfung der Wasserundurchlässigkeit

Tuiles de terre cuite pour pose en discontinu - Détermination des caractéristiques

physiques - Partie 1: Essai d'imperméabilité
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 539-1:2005
ICS:
91.100.25 Gradbeni izdelki iz terakote Terracotta building products
SIST EN 539-1:2006 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 539-1:2006
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 539-1:2006
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 539-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
September 2005
ICS 91.100.25 Supersedes EN 539-1:1994
English Version
Clay roofing tiles for discontinuous laying - Determination of
physical characteristics - Part 1: Impermeability test

Tuiles en terre cuite pour pose en discontinu - Tondachziegel für überlappende Verlegung - Bestimmung

Détermination des caractéristiques physiques - Partie 1: der physischen Charaktere - Teil 1: Prüfung der

Essai d'imperméabilité Wasserundurchlässigkeit
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1 April 2005.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,

Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2005 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 539-1:2005: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 539-1:2006
EN 539-1:2005 (E)
Contents
Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................3

1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................4

2 Normative references .........................................................................................................................4

3 Symbols and abbreviations................................................................................................................4

4 Samples ...............................................................................................................................................4

5 Test methods 1....................................................................................................................................4

5.1 Principe................................................................................................................................................4

5.2 Apparatus (see Figure 1) ....................................................................................................................5

5.3 Size of sample .....................................................................................................................................5

5.4 Preliminary treatment .........................................................................................................................5

5.5 Test pieces ..........................................................................................................................................5

5.6 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................6

5.7 Calculation of impermeability factor .................................................................................................7

5.8 Test report ...........................................................................................................................................7

6 Test method 2......................................................................................................................................8

6.1 Principle...............................................................................................................................................8

6.2 Apparatus (see Figures 2 and 3)........................................................................................................8

6.3 Size of sample .....................................................................................................................................8

6.4 Preliminary treatment .......................................................................................................................10

6.5 Procedure ..........................................................................................................................................11

6.6 Calculation of impermeability coefficient IC...................................................................................11

6.7 Test report .........................................................................................................................................11

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 539-1:2006
EN 539-1:2005 (E)
Foreword

This European Standard (EN 539-1:2005) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 128 “Roof

covering products for discontinuous laying and products for wall cladding”, the secretariat of which is held by

IBN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2006, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by March 2006.
This document supersedes EN 539-1:1994.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland

and United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 539-1:2006
EN 539-1:2005 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard describes two test methods for testing the impermeability to water of clay roof tiles

and fittings which can be considered as equivalent.

NOTE The methods are not applicable to all fittings, because of their different shapes.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 1304, Clay roofing tiles and fittings - Product definitions and specifications.

3 Symbols and abbreviations
X length of time in hours, before the first drop of water falls
X average length of time, in hours before the first drop of water falls
V volume of water passing through in 48 h
V volume of water evaporated in 48 h
A projected area of test piece in cm
d day
h hour
IF impermeability factor (method 1)
IC impermeability coefficient (method 2)
HR relative humidity
4 Samples

If the tiles or fittings are supplied with a surface coating or treatment then the test shall be carried out on

samples which include the surface coating or treatment.

When the tiles or fittings are taken from a site or building, they shall be tested in the state in which they are

found, but the interpretation of the test results shall take into account the stresses to which these installed

products have been subjected.
5 Test methods 1
5.1 Principe

The amount of water passing in 48 h through the ceramic body of the tile or fitting per cm of surface area,

under a load of 10 cm of water kept constant throughout the test is determined.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 539-1:2006
EN 539-1:2005 (E)
5.2 Apparatus (see Figure 1)

5.2.1 A glass tube (or other rigid transparent material) with an inside diameter of (38 ± 1) mm, and a height

of (150 ± 2) mm for each test piece and one for the measurement of the evaporation level.

5.2.2 A container to hold the test pieces after preparation.

5.2.3 A device at a constant level consisting of a graduated test tube or measuring cylinder with a capacity

3 3
of at least 100 cm graduated in steps not greater than 2 cm .
5.3 Size of sam
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 539-1:2006
01-januar-2006
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 539-1:1998
2SHþQLVWUHãQLNL±8JRWDYOMDQMHIL]LNDOQLKODVWQRVWL±GHO3UHVNXV
QHSUHSXVWQRVWL]DYRGR

Clay roofing tiles for discontinuous laying - Determination of physical characteristics -

Part 1: Impermeability test

Dachziegel für überlappende Verlegung - Bestimmung der physikalischen Eigenschaften

- Teil 1: Prüfung der Wasserundurchlässigkeit

Tuiles de terre cuite pour pose en discontinu - Détermination des caractéristiques

physiques - Partie 1: Essai d'imperméabilité
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 539-1:2005
ICS:
91.100.25 .HUDPLþQLJUDGEHQLL]GHONL Ceramic building products
SIST EN 539-1:2006 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 539-1:2006
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 539-1:2006
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 539-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
September 2005
ICS 91.100.25 Supersedes EN 539-1:1994
English Version
Clay roofing tiles for discontinuous laying - Determination of
physical characteristics - Part 1: Impermeability test

Tuiles en terre cuite pour pose en discontinu - Tondachziegel für überlappende Verlegung - Bestimmung

Détermination des caractéristiques physiques - Partie 1: der physischen Charaktere - Teil 1: Prüfung der

Essai d'imperméabilité Wasserundurchlässigkeit
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1 April 2005.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,

Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2005 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 539-1:2005: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 539-1:2006
EN 539-1:2005 (E)
Contents
Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................3

1 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................4

2 Normative references .........................................................................................................................4

3 Symbols and abbreviations................................................................................................................4

4 Samples ...............................................................................................................................................4

5 Test methods 1....................................................................................................................................4

5.1 Principe................................................................................................................................................4

5.2 Apparatus (see Figure 1) ....................................................................................................................5

5.3 Size of sample .....................................................................................................................................5

5.4 Preliminary treatment .........................................................................................................................5

5.5 Test pieces ..........................................................................................................................................5

5.6 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................6

5.7 Calculation of impermeability factor .................................................................................................7

5.8 Test report ...........................................................................................................................................7

6 Test method 2......................................................................................................................................8

6.1 Principle...............................................................................................................................................8

6.2 Apparatus (see Figures 2 and 3)........................................................................................................8

6.3 Size of sample .....................................................................................................................................8

6.4 Preliminary treatment .......................................................................................................................10

6.5 Procedure ..........................................................................................................................................11

6.6 Calculation of impermeability coefficient IC...................................................................................11

6.7 Test report .........................................................................................................................................11

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 539-1:2006
EN 539-1:2005 (E)
Foreword

This European Standard (EN 539-1:2005) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 128 “Roof

covering products for discontinuous laying and products for wall cladding”, the secretariat of which is held by

IBN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2006, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by March 2006.
This document supersedes EN 539-1:1994.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland

and United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 539-1:2006
EN 539-1:2005 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard describes two test methods for testing the impermeability to water of clay roof tiles

and fittings which can be considered as equivalent.

NOTE The methods are not applicable to all fittings, because of their different shapes.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 1304, Clay roofing tiles and fittings - Product definitions and specifications.

3 Symbols and abbreviations
X length of time in hours, before the first drop of water falls
X average length of time, in hours before the first drop of water falls
V volume of water passing through in 48 h
V volume of water evaporated in 48 h
A projected area of test piece in cm
d day
h hour
IF impermeability factor (method 1)
IC impermeability coefficient (method 2)
HR relative humidity
4 Samples

If the tiles or fittings are supplied with a surface coating or treatment then the test shall be carried out on

samples which include the surface coating or treatment.

When the tiles or fittings are taken from a site or building, they shall be tested in the state in which they are

found, but the interpretation of the test results shall take into account the stresses to which these installed

products have been subjected.
5 Test methods 1
5.1 Principe

The amount of water passing in 48 h through the ceramic body of the tile or fitting per cm of surface area,

under a load of 10 cm of water kept constant throughout the test is determined.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 539-1:2006
EN 539-1:2005 (E)
5.2 Apparatus (see Figure 1)

5.2.1 A glass tube (or other rigid transparent material) with an inside diameter of (38 ± 1) mm, and a height

of (150 ± 2) mm for each test piece and one for the measurement of the evaporation level.

5.2.2 A container to hold the test pieces after preparation.

5.2.3 A device at a constant level consisting of a graduated test tube or measuring cylinder with a capacity

3 3
of at least 100 cm graduated in steps not greater than 2 cm .
5.3 Size of sample
...

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