Playground equipment and surfacing - Part 1: General safety requirements and test methods

This part of EN 1176 specifies general safety requirements for permanently installed public playground equipment and surfacing. Additional safety requirements for specific pieces of playground equipment are specified in subsequent parts of this standard.
This part of EN 1176 covers playground equipment for all children. It has been prepared with full recognition of the need for supervision of young children and of less able or less competent children.
The purpose of this part of EN 1176 is to ensure a proper level of safety when playing in, on or around playground equipment, and at the same time to promote activities and features known to benefit children because they provide valuable experiences that will enable them to cope with situations outside the playground.
This part of EN 1176 is applicable to playground equipment intended for individual and collective use by children. It is also applicable to equipment and units installed as children's playground equipment although they are not manufactured as such, but exclude those items defined as toys in EN 71 and the Toys Safety Directive.
It is not applicable to adventure playgrounds with the exception of those items which have been commercially sourced.
NOTE   Adventure playgrounds are fenced, secured playgrounds, run and staffed in accordance with the widely accepted principles that encourage children's development and often use self-built equipment.
This part of EN 1176 specifies the requirements that will protect the child from hazards that they might be unable to foresee when using the equipment as intended, or in a manner that can be reasonably anticipated.
The use of electricity in play equipment, either as a play activity or as a motive force, is outside the scope of this standard. The attention of users is drawn to European and local national standards and regulations which are to be complied with when using electricity.
Play equipment placed in water and where water can be seen as impact attenuating surfacing is not fully covered by this standard and additional risks are associated with wet environments.
The risk of exposure to excessive levels of UV radiation is not covered in this standard.

Spielplatzgeräte und Spielplatzböden - Teil 1: Allgemeine sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Dieser Teil der EN 1176 legt die allgemeinen Sicherheitsanforderungen für standortgebundene öffentliche Spielplatzgeräte und Spielplatzböden fest. Zusätzliche Sicherheitsanforderungen für spezielle Spielplatzgeräte sind in nachfolgenden Teilen dieser Norm festgelegt.
Dieser Teil der EN 1176 gilt für Spielplatzgeräte für alle Kinder. Er wurde in voller Anerkennung der Notwendigkeit von Aufsicht für Kleinkinder und weniger geschickte oder leistungsfähige Kinder erstellt.
Der Zweck dieses Teils der EN 1176 besteht darin, ein geeignetes Sicherheitsniveau beim Spielen in, an oder um Spielplatzgeräte herum sicherzustellen und gleichzeitig Aktivitäten und Eigenschaften zu fördern, die bekanntermaßen den Kindern nützen, da sie wertvolle Erfahrungen liefern, die sie in die Lage versetzen, Situationen außerhalb der Spielplätze zu bewältigen.
Dieser Teil der EN 1176 gilt für Spielplatzgeräte, die für einzelne und gemeinsame Benutzung durch Kinder vorgesehen sind. Er gilt auch für Geräte und Elemente, die als Spielplatzgeräte aufgestellt wurden, obwohl sie nicht als solche hergestellt sind, schließt aber die Geräte aus, die nach EN 71 und der Spielzeug Richtlinie als Spielzeug definiert sind.
Er gilt nicht für Abenteuerspielplätze, mit Ausnahme von dort befindlichen Geräten kommerziellen Ursprungs.
ANMERKUNG   Abenteuerspielplätze sind eingezäunte, gesicherte Spielplätze, die entsprechend den pädagogischen Grundsätzen betrieben und personell ausgestattet sind; sie fördern die Entwicklung von Kindern und sind oft mit selbst gebauten Geräten ausgestattet.
Dieser Teil der EN 1176 legt diejenigen Anforderungen fest, die das Kind vor Gefahren schützen, die es möglicherweise nicht voraussehen kann, wenn es das Gerät bestimmungsgemäß oder in einer Art benutzt, die vernünftigerweise erwartet werden kann.
Die Nutzung von Elektrizität bei Spielplatzgeräten, entweder als Spielaktivität oder als Bewegungskraft, befindet sich außerhalb des Anwendungsbereichs dieser Norm. Die Nutzer werden auf die Europäischen und jeweiligen nationalen Normen und Vorschriften hingewiesen, die bei der Nutzung von Elektrizität einzuhalten sind.
Spielgeräte, die sich im Wasser befinden und bei denen Wasser als stoßdämpfender Boden angesehen werden kann, werden in dieser Norm nicht vollständig behandelt. Solche nassen Umgebungen bergen zusätzliche Risiken.
Das Risiko der Aussetzung exzessiver UV-Strahlung wird in dieser Norm nicht behandelt.

Équipements et sols d’aires de jeux - Partie 1 : Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d’essai générales

La présente partie de l’EN 1176 spécifie les exigences de sécurité générale applicables aux équipements et sols d’aires de jeux publiques installés de façon permanente. Des exigences de sécurité complémentaires à certains équipements d’aires de jeux spécifiques seront définies dans les parties ultérieures de la présente norme.
La présente partie de l’EN 1176 concerne les équipements d’aires de jeux pour tous les enfants. Elle a été élaborée en reconnaissant pleinement la nécessité de surveiller les jeunes enfants ainsi que les enfants présentant moins d’aptitudes ou moins d’habileté.
L’objectif de la présente partie de l’EN 1176 est d’assurer un niveau approprié de sécurité en jouant dans, sur ou autour de l’équipement, et d’encourager en même temps les activités et caractéristiques fonctionnelles connues comme étant profitables aux enfants car elles leur donnent la possibilité d’acquérir une expérience utile qui leur permettra de faire face à d’autres situations hors des aires de jeux.
La présente partie de l’EN 1176 est applicable aux équipements d’aires de jeux destinés à être utilisés de manière individuelle et collective par des enfants. Elle s’applique en outre aux équipements et éléments qui sont installés en tant qu’équipements d’aires de jeux pour enfants, bien qu’à l’origine ils ne soient pas fabriqués à cette fin, mais elle ne s’applique pas aux articles définis comme jouets dans l’EN 71 et dans la directive relative à la sécurité des jouets.
Elle ne s’applique pas aux terrains d’aventure à l’exception des articles qui ont été obtenus dans le commerce.
NOTE   Les terrains d’aventures sont des terrains de jeux clôturés, protégés, gérés et dotés de personnel conformément aux principes largement acceptés qui encouragent le développement des enfants et utilisent souvent des équipements construits en interne.
La présente partie de l’EN 1176 spécifie les exigences qui protégeront l’enfant des risques dont il peut ne pas être conscient lorsqu’il utilise l’équipement comme prévu ou d’une manière raisonnablement prévisible.
L’emploi de l’électricité dans les équipements de jeu, que ce soit en tant qu’activité ludique ou que force motrice, n’entre pas dans le domaine d’application de la présente norme. L’attention de l’utilisateur est attirée sur les normes et réglementations européennes et nationales locales qu’il faut respecter en cas d’emploi d’électricité.
Les équipements de jeu qui sont placés dans l’eau et dont l’eau peut être considérée comme un revêtement atténuant l’impact ne sont pas intégralement couverts par la présente norme et il existe des risques supplémentaires associés aux environnements humides.
La présente norme ne couvre pas le risque d’exposition à des niveaux excessifs de rayonnement ultraviolet.

Oprema in podloge otroških igrišč - 1. del: Splošne varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta del standarda EN 1176 določa splošne varnostne zahteve za trajno vgrajeno javno opremo in podloge otroških igrišč . Dodatne varnostne zahteve za določene dele opreme za otroška igrišča so opredeljene v nadaljnjih delih tega standarda. Ta del standarda EN 1176 zajema opremo za otroška igrišča za vse otroke. Pripravljen je bil z upoštevanjem potrebe po nadzoru majhnih otrok in manj sposobnih ali manj zmožnih otrok. Namen tega dela standarda EN 1176 je zagotoviti ustrezno raven varnosti med igranjem v ali na opremi ali okoli nje ter hkrati spodbujati dejavnosti in lastnosti, za katere je znano, da koristijo otrokom, ker ponujajo dragocene izkušnje, ki jim bodo pomagale pri reševanju situacij izven otroškega igrišča. Ta del standarda EN 1176 se uporablja za opremo otroških igrišč, ki je namenjena za individualno in skupinsko rabo otrok, vendar ne zajema doživljajskih igrišč. Uporablja se tudi za opremo in enote, ki so nameščene kot oprema za otroška igrišča, čeprav niso izdelane za ta namen, vendar ne zajema elementov, ki so opredeljeni kot igrače v standardu EN 71 in direktivi o varnosti igrač. OPOMBA: Doživljajska igrišča so ograjena, zavarovana igrišča, ki jih vodi osebje v skladu s splošno sprejetimi načeli, ki spodbujajo razvoj otrok in pogosto uporabljajo opremo, ki jo zgradimo sami, z izjemo komercialnih elementov. Ta del standarda EN 1176 določa zahteve, ki bodo otroka zaščitile pred nevarnostmi, ki jih morda ne more predvideti med uporabo opreme v skladu z njeno predvideno uporabo ali na način, ki ga je mogoče razumno pričakovati. Uporaba elektrike pri igralni opremi – kot igralna dejavnost ali kot pogonska moč – ne sodi na področje uporabe tega standarda Pri uporabi elektrike morajo biti uporaba le-te v skladu z evropskimi in lokalnimi nacionalnimi standardi in predpisi.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
17-Oct-2017
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
18-Oct-2017
Completion Date
18-Oct-2017

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
EN 1176-1:2018 - BARVE na PDF-str 93,94,95,96,97,98 (natisnjeno za čitalnico čB)
English language
102 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
01-januar-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1176-1:2008
2SUHPDLQSRGORJHRWURãNLKLJULãþGHO6SORãQHYDUQRVWQH]DKWHYHLQ
SUHVNXVQHPHWRGH

Playground equipment and surfacing - Part 1: General safety requirements and test

methods
Spielplatzgeräte und Spielplatzböden - Teil 1: Allgemeine sicherheitstechnische
Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Équipements et sols d’aires de jeux - Partie 1: Exigences de sécurité et méthodes

d’essai générales
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1176-1:2017
ICS:
97.200.40 ,JULãþD Playgrounds
SIST EN 1176-1:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2017
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.200.40 Supersedes EN 1176-1:2008
English Version
Playground equipment and surfacing - Part 1: General
safety requirements and test methods

Équipements et sols d'aires de jeux - Partie 1: Spielplatzgeräte und Spielplatzböden - Teil 1:

Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai générales Allgemeine sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und

Prüfverfahren
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 8 June 2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1176-1:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 9

4 Safety requirements .................................................................................................................................... 17

4.1 Materials .......................................................................................................................................................... 17

4.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

4.1.2 Flammability .................................................................................................................................................. 17

4.1.3 Timber and associated products ............................................................................................................ 18

4.1.4 Metals ............................................................................................................................................................... 18

4.1.5 Synthetics ........................................................................................................................................................ 18

4.1.6 Dangerous substances ................................................................................................................................ 18

4.2 Design and manufacture ............................................................................................................................ 19

4.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

4.2.2 Structural integrity ...................................................................................................................................... 19

4.2.3 Accessibility for adults ............................................................................................................................... 20

4.2.4 Protection against falling .......................................................................................................................... 20

4.2.5 Finish of equipment .................................................................................................................................... 24

4.2.6 Moving parts .................................................................................................................................................. 24

4.2.7 Protection against entrapment ............................................................................................................... 24

4.2.8 Protection against injuries during movement and falling ............................................................ 29

4.2.9 Means of access ............................................................................................................................................. 38

4.2.10 Connections .................................................................................................................................................... 41

4.2.11 Consumable components .......................................................................................................................... 41

4.2.12 Ropes ................................................................................................................................................................ 41

4.2.13 Chains ............................................................................................................................................................... 43

4.2.14 Foundations ................................................................................................................................................... 43

4.2.15 Heavy suspended rigid beams ................................................................................................................. 44

4.2.16 Bouncing facilities ........................................................................................................................................ 45

5 Verification of compliance and reports ............................................................................................... 47

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 47

5.2 Confirming the adequate level of impact attenuation after installation of impact

attenuating surfacing .................................................................................................................................. 47

6 Information to be provided by the manufacturer/supplier ......................................................... 47

6.1 Information to be provided by the manufacturer/supplier of playground equipment ..... 47

6.1.1 General product information ................................................................................................................... 47

6.1.2 Pre-information ............................................................................................................................................ 48

6.1.3 Installation information ............................................................................................................................ 48

6.1.4 Inspection and maintenance information ........................................................................................... 49

6.2 Information to be provided by the manufacturer or supplier of impact attenuating

surfacing .......................................................................................................................................................... 50

6.2.1 Pre-information for impact attenuating surfacing .......................................................................... 50

6.2.2 Installation information for impact attenuating surfacing ........................................................... 51

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1:2017 (E)

6.2.3 Inspection and maintenance information for impact attenuating surfacing.......................... 51

6.2.4 Identification of impact attenuating playground surfacing .......................................................... 52

7 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 52

7.1 Equipment identification ........................................................................................................................... 52

7.2 Basic level mark ............................................................................................................................................ 52

Annex A (normative) Loads .................................................................................................................................... 53

Annex B (normative) Method of calculation of structural integrity ........................................................ 60

Annex C (normative) Physical testing of structural integrity .................................................................... 72

Annex D (normative) Test methods for entrapment .................................................................................... 74

Annex E (informative) Overview of possible entrapment situations ..................................................... 89

Annex F (informative) Illustrations of calculation of free height of fall (FHF) .................................... 91

Annex G (informative) Illustration of sieve test ............................................................................................. 97

Annex H (normative) Procedure for confirming the adequate level of impact attenuation

after installation of impact attenuating surfacing ............................................................................ 99

Annex I (informative) A–deviations ................................................................................................................. 100

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................. 102

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1:2017 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1176-1:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 136 “Sports,

playground and other recreational facilities and equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by October 2018.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1176-1:2008.
EN 1176 “Playground equipment and surfacing” consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: General safety requirements and test methods
— Part 2: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for swings
— Part 3: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for slides
— Part 4: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for cableways
— Part 5: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for carousels

— Part 6: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for rocking equipment

— Part 7: Guidance on installation, inspection, maintenance and operation

— Part 10: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for fully enclosed play equipment

— Part 11: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for spatial network

This part of EN 1176 should be read in conjunction with:

— EN 1177, Impact attenuating playground surfacing — Determination of critical fall height;

— CEN/TR 16467:2013, Playground equipment accessible for all children;
— CEN/TR 16598:2014, Collection of rationales for EN 1176;

— CEN/TR 16396:2012, Playground equipment for children, replies to requests for interpretation of

EN 1176:2008 and its parts;

— CEN/TR 16879:2016, Siting of playground and other recreational facilities — Advice on methods for

positioning and separation.

For inflatable play equipment, see EN 14960, Inflatable play equipment — Safety requirements and test

methods.
The main changes from the previous edition of this standard are as follows:
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1:2017 (E)
a) Reference to CEN/TR 16467:2013, CEN/TR 16598:2014, CEN/TR 16396:2012,
CEN/TR 16879:2016 added;

b) Scope amended to include reference to ‘permanently installed’ also reference to electricity,

water and UV added;
c) Clause 3.25 definition of easily accessible improved;

d) New definitions added for impact attenuating surfacing, adequate level of impact attenuation,

forced movement, bouncing facilities, suspension bed, one post equipment, post installation

inspection, fireman’s pole and tunnel;
e) Clause 4.2.4.1 amended to agree with Figure 8;
f) Clause 4.2.4.3 and 4.2.4.4 detail of measurement of 500 mm opening added;
g) Clause 4.2.7.1 new sentence adding reference to Clause 4.2.7.2;
h) Figure 13 amended to show direction of travel;
i) Clause 4.2.8.1 cross reference to Table 2 added;

j) Table 2 amended to clarify distinctions for climbing and hanging fall heights;

k) Figure 14 amended to include two types of net structure in fall height examples;

l) Clause 4.2.8.2.5 clarification of overlapping falling spaces added;
m) Clause 4.2.8.5.2 and Table 4 revised to align with changes to EN 1177;

n) Clause 4.2.9.5 major rewrite to clarify requirements for easily accessible equipment;

o) Clause 4.2.12.2 inclusion of reference to use of probe E;
p) New Clause 4.2.16 giving requirements for bouncing facilities;
q) Clauses 5.2 and Annex H relating to Impact Attenuating Surfacing added;
r) Clauses 6.2 amended to give more information on Impact Attenuating Surfacing;
s) A.2.2, notes 1 and 2 now included as part of requirements;

t) D.4.2, last paragraph now includes additional test requirement for holes behind holes;

u) New test (D.5) and Figure (D.13) for testing chain openings added;
v) New Figure (D.12) showing application of finger probes in test situations;
w) New test (D.6) for bouncing facilities;
x) New Annex F showing illustrations of free height of fall;
y) New Annex G showing illustration of sieve test results and sieve curve;
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1:2017 (E)

z) New Annex H "Procedure for confirming the adequate level of impact attenuation after installation

of impact attenuating surfacing" added;
aa) Annex I "A-Deviations" updated.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1:2017 (E)
Introduction

For the quality of reading and understanding this standard, the following wording is used:

— shall = requirement;
— should = recommendation;
— may = permission;
— can = possibility.

It is not the purpose of the requirements of this standard to lessen the contribution that playground

equipment makes to the child's development and/or play, which is meaningful from an educational

point of view.

This standard acknowledges the difficulties of addressing safety issues by age criteria alone because the

ability to handle risk is based on the individual users' level of skills and not age. Also, users other than

the intended age range will almost certainly make use of the playground equipment.

Risk-taking is an essential feature of play provision and of all environments in which children

legitimately spend time playing. Play provision aims to offer children the chance to encounter

acceptable risks as part of a stimulating, challenging and controlled learning environment. Play

provision should aim at managing the balance between the need to offer risk and the need to keep

children safe from serious harm.

The principles of safety management are applicable both to workplaces in general as well as to play

provision. However, the balance between safety and benefits is likely to be different in the two

environments. In play provision, exposure to some degree of risk might be of benefit because it satisfies

a basic human need and gives children the chance to learn about risk and consequences in a controlled

environment.

Respecting the characteristics of children's play and the way children benefit from playing on the

playground with regard to development, children need to learn to cope with risk and this can lead to

bumps and bruises and even occasionally a broken limb. The aim of this standard is first and foremost

to prevent accidents with a disabling or fatal consequence, and secondly to lessen serious consequences

caused by the occasional mishap that inevitably will occur in children's pursuit of expanding their level

of competence, be it socially, intellectually or physically.

Refusal of admittance and access as a safety precaution is problematic due to, for example, breach in

supervision or help by peers. Requirements of significant importance, such as head and neck

entrapment and protection against inadvertent falls, have been written with this in mind. It is also

recognized that there is an increasing need for play provision to be accessible to users with disabilities.

This of course requires play areas to provide a balance between safety and the offer of the required

level of challenge and stimulation to all possible groups of users. However, for the purposes of

protection against head and neck entrapment, this standard does not take into account children with an

increased head size e.g. hydrocephalus or Down's syndrome or wearing helmets.

For further information about making play provision suitable for less able users a CEN Technical Report

is available which discusses the challenges in provision and possible solutions that designers can

consider. See the European foreword for details of this document.

In addition to the short-term risks that are associated with a playground, there is a risk that the playing

child is overexposed to the ultraviolet radiation of the sun. Too much ultraviolet radiation and sunburns

in childhood increase the risk of developing skin cancer later in life. Therefore, the playgrounds should

be organized in a way that takes into account of the availability of shade options, and that a part of the

playground equipment and recreational areas are placed entirely or partly in shade.

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1:2017 (E)
1 Scope

This part of EN 1176 specifies general safety requirements for permanently installed public playground

equipment and surfacing. Additional safety requirements for specific pieces of playground equipment

are specified in subsequent parts of this standard.

This part of EN 1176 covers playground equipment for all children. It has been prepared with full

recognition of the need for supervision of young children and of less able or less competent children.

The purpose of this part of EN 1176 is to ensure a proper level of safety when playing in, on or around

playground equipment, and at the same time to promote activities and features known to benefit

children because they provide valuable experiences that will enable them to cope with situations

outside the playground.

This part of EN 1176 is applicable to playground equipment intended for individual and collective use

by children. It is also applicable to equipment and units installed as children's playground equipment

although they are not manufactured as such, but exclude those items defined as toys in EN 71 and the

Toys Safety Directive.

It is not applicable to adventure playgrounds with the exception of those items which have been

commercially sourced.

NOTE Adventure playgrounds are fenced, secured playgrounds, run and staffed in accordance with the

widely accepted principles that encourage children's development and often use self-built equipment.

This part of EN 1176 specifies the requirements that will protect the child from hazards that they might

be unable to foresee when using the equipment as intended, or in a manner that can be reasonably

anticipated.

The use of electricity in play equipment, either as a play activity or as a motive force, is outside the

scope of this standard. The attention of users is drawn to European and local national standards and

regulations which are to be complied with when using electricity.

Play equipment placed in water and where water can be seen as impact attenuating surfacing is not

fully covered by this standard and additional risks are associated with wet environments.

The risk of exposure to excessive levels of UV radiation is not covered in this standard.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 335, Durability of wood and wood-based products — Use classes: definitions, application to solid wood

and wood-based products

EN 350:2016, Durability of wood and wood-based products — Testing and classification of the durability

to biological agents of wood and wood-based materials

EN 351-1:2007, Durability of wood and wood-based products — Preservative-treated solid wood — Part

1: Classification of preservative penetration and retention
EN 636, Plywood — Specifications

EN 818-2:1996+A1:2008, Short link chain for lifting purposes — Safety — Part 2: Medium tolerance

chain for chain slings — Grade 8
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1:2017 (E)

EN 818-3:1999+A1:2008, Short link chain for lifting purposes — Safety — Part 3: Medium tolerance

chain for chain slings — Grade 4

EN 1177, Impact attenuating playground surfacing — Determination of critical fall height

EN 1991-1-2, Eurocode 1: Actions on structures — Part 1-2: General actions — Actions on structures

exposed to fire

EN 1991-1-3, Eurocode 1 — Actions on structures — Part 1-3: General actions — Snow loads

EN 1991-1-4, Eurocode 1: Actions on structures — Part 1-4: General actions — Wind actions

EN 13411-3, Terminations for steel wire ropes — Safety — Part 3: Ferrules and ferrule-securing

EN 13411-5, Terminations for steel wire ropes — Safety — Part 5: U-bolt wire rope grips

EN ISO 2307, Fibre ropes — Determination of certain physical and mechanical properties (ISO 2307)

EN ISO 4892-3, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 3: Fluorescent UV

lamps (ISO 4892-3)
EN ISO 9554, Fibre ropes — General specifications (ISO 9554)

EN ISO 13934-1, Textiles — Tensile properties of fabrics — Part 1: Determination of maximum force and

elongation at maximum force using the strip method (ISO 13934-1)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
playground equipment

equipment and structure, including components and constructional elements with, or on which,

children can play outdoors or indoors, either individually or in groups, according to their own rules or

own reasons for playing which can change at any time
3.2
climbing equipment

playground equipment that only allows the user to move on it or in it by the use of a hand and foot/leg

support and requires a minimum of three points of contact with the equipment, one of these being a

hand

Note 1 to entry: During movement, it is possible to have only one or two points of contact but this is only during

a transition from one rest position to the next.
3.3
impact area
area that can be hit by a user after falling through the falling space
3.4
impact attenuating surfacing

surfacing on impact areas intended to reduce the risk of injury when falling onto it

---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1:2017 (E)
3.5
playing surface

surface of a playground from which the use of the playground equipment commences and which

comprises at least the impact area
3.6
free space

space in, on or around the equipment that can be occupied by a user undergoing a movement forced by

the equipment

Note 1 to entry: Examples for this are sliding, swinging, rocking, jumping in bouncing facility for several users

(specific requirements are dealt with in the additional parts of EN 1176).
Note 2 to entry: See Figures 15, 16 and 19.
3.7
free height of fall

greatest vertical distance from the clearly intended body support to the impact area below

Note 1 to entry: The intended body support includes those surfaces to which access is encouraged.

3.8
falling space

space in, on or around the equipment that can be passed through by a user falling from an elevated part

of the equipment
Note 1 to entry: The falling space commences at the free height of fall.
Note 2 to entry: See Figure 1.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1:2017 (E)
Key
1 space occupied by equipment
2 falling space
3 free space
Figure 1 — Spaces
3.9
minimum space

space required for the safe use of equipment, comprising falling space, free space and space occupied by

the equipment
3.10
collective use
use by more than one user at the same time
3.11
crushing point

place where parts of the equipment can move against each other, or against a fixed area so that persons,

or parts of their body, can be crushed
3.12
shearing point

place where part of the equipment can move past a fixed or other moving part, or past a fixed area so

that persons, or parts of their body, can be cut
3.13
ladder

means of access incorporating rungs or steps on which a user can ascend or descend with the aid of the

hands
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 2.
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1:2017 (E)
Figure 2 — Example of a ladder
3.14
stair

means of access incorporating three or more risers on which a user can ascend or descend

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 3 and Figure 21.
Figure 3 — Example of stairs
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1:2017 (E)
3.15
ramp

means of access incorporating an inclined surface on which a user can ascend or descend

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 4 and 4.2.9.3.
Figure 4 — Example of a ramp
3.16
grip
holding of the hand round the entire circumference of a support
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 5.
Figure 5 — Grip
3.17
grasp
holding of the hand round part of the circumference of a support
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 6.
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN 1176-1:2018
EN 1176-1:2017 (E)
Figure 6 — Grasp
3.18
entrapment

hazard presented by the situation in which a body, or part of a body, or clothing can become trapped

Note 1 to entry: This part of EN 1176 only considers certain types of entrapment where the user is not able to

free themselves and injury is caused by the entrapment.
3.19
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.