Environmental management - Environmental assessment of sites and organizations (EASO) (ISO 14015:2001)

This International Standard provides guidance on how to conduct an EASO through a systematic process of identifying environmental aspects and environmental issues and determining, if appropriate, their business consequences. This International Standard covers the roles and responsibilities of the parties to the assessment (the client, the assessor and the representative of the assessee), and the stages of the assessment process (planning, information gathering and validation, evaluation and reporting).

Umweltmanagement - Umweltbewertung von Standorten und Organisationen (UBSO) (ISO 14015:2001)

Diese Internationale Norm gibt eine Anleitung zur Durchführung einer UBSO durch einen systematischen Prozess der Erfassung und Bewertung von Umweltaspekten und Umweltthemen sowie gegebenenfalls der Bestimmung ihrer wirtschaftlichen Auswirkungen.
Diese Internationale Norm umfasst die Aufgaben und Verantwortlichkeiten der an der Bewertung Beteiligten (Auftraggeber, Sachverständiger, Repräsentant des Bewertungsobjektes) und der Stadien des Bewertungsprozesses (Planung, Informationssammlung und  validierung, Beurteilung und Berichterstattung). Das Ablaufschema zur Durchführung der UBSO ist in Bild 1 dargestellt.
Diese Internationale Norm gibt keine Anleitung zur Durchführung anderer Vorgehensweisen bei Umweltbewertungen, wie z. B.:
a)   Umwelt Erstbewertungen;
b)   Umweltaudits (einschließlich Audits zu Umweltmanagementsystemen und zur Compliance mit Vorschriften);
c)   Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfungen; oder
d)   Umweltleistungsbewertungen.
Umwelttechnische Untersuchungen und Standortsanierungen sowie die Entscheidung, diese durchzuführen, liegen nicht im Anwendungsbereich dieser Internationalen Norm.
Diese Internationale Norm ist nicht zur Verwendung als Spezifikationsnorm zur Zertifizierung oder Registrierung oder für die Festlegung von Umweltmanagementsystemanforderungen vorgesehen.
Aus der Anwendung dieser Internationalen Norm erfolgt keine Verpflichtung, dass dem Auftraggeber oder dem Bewertungsobjekt andere Normen und gesetzliche Vorschriften vorgeschrieben werden können.

Management environnemental - Évaluation environnementale de sites et d'organismes (EESO) (ISO 14015:2001)

La présente Norme internationale donne des lignes directrices sur le mode de conduite d'une EESO par l'application d'un processus systématique d'identification des aspects environnementaux et des préoccupations environ nementales et, le cas échéant, par la détermination de leurs conséquences économiques et commerciales.  La présente Norme internationale couvre les fonctions et les responsabilités des parties intéressées par l'évaluation (le commanditaire, l'expert et le représentant de l'expertisé), et les étapes du processus d'évaluation (planification, regroupement et validation des informations, interprétation et établissement de rapports). Le processus de conduite d'une EESO est illustré à la Figure 1.  La présente Norme internationale de donne pas d'indications sur le mode de conduite d'autres types d'évaluations environ nementales, telles que  a) les analyses environ nem entales initiales;  b) les audits environnementaux (y compris les audits de systèmes de management environnemental et les audits de conformité à la réglementation);  c) les évaluations d'impact environnemental; ou  d) les évaluations de performance environ nementale.  Les mesures sur le terrain ou la remise en état environnementale du site, ainsi que la décision de lancer ces procédures, sortent du domaine d'application de la présente Norme internationale.  La présente Norme internationale n'est pas destinée à être utilisée comme une norme de spécification à des fins de certification ou d'enregistrement, ou pour l'établissement d'exigences relatives aux systèmes de management environnemental.  L'utilisation de la présente Norme internationale n'implique pas que d'autres normes ou règles sont imposées au commanditaire ou à l'expertisé.

Ravnanje z okoljem - Okoljsko ocenjevanje lokacij in organizacij (ISO 14015:2001)

Ta mednarodni standard zagotavlja vodilo o izvajanju okoljskega ocenjevanja lokacij in organizacij s sistematskim postopkom prepoznavanja okoljskih vidikov in problemov ter po potrebi ugotavljanja njihovih poslovnih posledic. Ta mednarodni standard zajema vloge in odgovornosti strank v ocenjevanju (naročnika, ocenjevalca in predstavnika ocenjevanca) ter stopnje ocenjevalnega postopka (načrtovanje, zbiranje podatkov in validacija, vrednotenje in poročanje).

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
11-May-2010
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
22-Jun-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
01-december-2010

Ravnanje z okoljem - Okoljsko ocenjevanje lokacij in organizacij (ISO 14015:2001)

Environmental management - Environmental assessment of sites and organizations
(EASO) (ISO 14015:2001)
Umweltmanagement - Umweltbewertung von Standorten und Organisationen (UBSO)
(ISO 14015:2001)

Management environnemental - Évaluation environnementale de sites et d'organismes

(EESO) (ISO 14015:2001)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14015:2010
ICS:
13.020.10 Ravnanje z okoljem Environmental management
SIST EN ISO 14015:2010 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 14015
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2010
ICS 13.020.10
English Version
Environmental management - Environmental assessment of
sites and organizations (EASO) (ISO 14015:2001)

Management environnemental - Évaluation Umweltmanagement - Umweltbewertung von Standorten

environnementale de sites et d'organismes (EESO) (ISO und Organisationen (UBSO) (ISO 14015:2001)

14015:2001)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 23 April 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the

official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 14015:2010: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
EN ISO 14015:2010 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
EN ISO 14015:2010 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO 14015:2001 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207 “Environmental

management” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO

14015:2010.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2010, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn

at the latest by November 2010.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 14015:2001 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 14015:2010 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14015
First edition
2001-11-15
Environmental management —
Environmental assessment of sites and
organizations (EASO)
Management environnemental — Évaluation environnementale de sites et
d'organismes (EESO)
Reference number
ISO 14015:2001(E)
ISO 2001
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
ISO 14015:2001(E)
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© ISO 2001

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic

or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body

in the country of the requester.
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ii © ISO 2001 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
ISO 14015:2001(E)
Contents Page

Foreword.....................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction.................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ..............................................................................................................................................................1

2 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................2

3 Roles and responsibilities ............................................................................................................................4

3.1 Client...............................................................................................................................................................4

3.2 Representative of the assessee ...................................................................................................................4

3.3 Assessor.........................................................................................................................................................5

4 Assessment process.....................................................................................................................................6

4.1 General............................................................................................................................................................6

4.2 Planning..........................................................................................................................................................6

4.3 Information gathering and validation ..........................................................................................................8

4.4 Evaluation.....................................................................................................................................................14

5 Reporting......................................................................................................................................................16

5.1 Report content .............................................................................................................................................16

5.2 Report form ..................................................................................................................................................17

5.3 Report distribution ......................................................................................................................................18

Bibliography..............................................................................................................................................................19

© ISO 2001 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
ISO 14015:2001(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO

member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical

committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has

the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in

liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical

Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 3.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards adopted

by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International

Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this International Standard may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 14015 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207, Environmental management, Subcommittee SC 2,

Environmental auditing and related environmental investigations.
iv © ISO 2001 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
ISO 14015:2001(E)
Introduction

Organizations are increasingly interested in understanding the environmental issues associated with their sites and

activities or those of potential acquisitions. These issues and their associated business consequences can be

appraised by means of an Environmental Assessment of the Site and Organization (EASO). Such an assessment

may be carried out during operations or at the time of acquisition or divestiture of assets and may be conducted as

part of a broader business assessment process often referred to as "due diligence".

This International Standard gives guidance on how to conduct an EASO. It provides the basis for harmonization of

the terminology used and for a structured, consistent, transparent and objective approach to conducting such

environmental assessments. It can be used by all organizations, including small- and medium-sized enterprises,

operating anywhere in the world. This International Standard is flexible in its application and may be used for self-

assessments as well as external assessments, with or without the need to employ third parties. The users of this

International Standard are expected to be industry, past, present and possible future users of particular sites, and

organizations with a financial interest in the industry or site (e.g. banks, insurance companies, investors and site

owners). This International Standard is likely to be used in connection with the transfer of responsibilities and

obligations.

The information used during an EASO may be derived from sources that include environmental management

system audits, regulatory compliance audits, environmental impact assessments, environmental performance

evaluations or site investigations. Some of these assessments or investigations may have been conducted using

other relevant ISO standards (e.g. ISO 14001, ISO 14011 or ISO 14031).

Through the process of evaluating both existing and newly acquired information, an EASO seeks to draw

conclusions relating to business consequences associated with environmental aspects and issues.

Conclusions in an EASO should be based on objective information. In the absence of validated information, an

EASO assessor may be required to exercise professional judgement in evaluating the available environmental

information and drawing conclusions.

This International Standard does not provide guidance on intrusive investigations or site remediation. However, if

requested by the client, these may be undertaken in accordance with other standards or procedures.

© ISO 2001 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14015:2001(E)
Environmental management — Environmental assessment of sites
and organizations (EASO)
1 Scope

This International Standard provides guidance on how to conduct an EASO through a systematic process of

identifying environmental aspects and environmental issues and determining, if appropriate, their business

consequences.

This International Standard covers the roles and responsibilities of the parties to the assessment (the client, the

assessor and the representative of the assessee), and the stages of the assessment process (planning,

information gathering and validation, evaluation and reporting). The process for conducting an EASO is shown in

Figure 1.

This International Standard does not provide guidance on how to conduct other types of environmental

assessment, such as:
a) initial environmental reviews;

b) environmental audits (including environmental management system and regulatory compliance audits);

c) environmental impact assessments; or
d) environmental performance evaluations.

Intrusive investigations and site remediation, as well as the decision to proceed with them, are outside the scope of

this International Standard.

This International Standard is not intended for use as a specification standard for certification or registration

purposes or for the establishment of environmental management system requirements.

Use of this International Standard does not imply that other standards and legislation are imposed on the client or

the assessee.
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
ISO 14015:2001(E)

NOTE The numbers between brackets refer to (sub)clauses in this International Standard. The dashed lines indicate that

the assessee is not necessarily involved in an EASO as described in this International Standard (see note to 3.2)

Figure 1 — Process for conducting an Environmental Assessment of Sites and Organizations

2 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this International Standard the following terms and definitions apply.

2.1
assessee
site or organization being assessed
2.2
assessor

person, possessing sufficient competence, designated to conduct or participate in a given assessment

NOTE An assessor may be internal or external to the organization subject to the assessment. More than one assessor may

be required to ensure adequate coverage of all relevant matters, for example when there is a need for specific expertise.

2.3
business consequence

actual or potential impact (financial or other; positive or negative; qualitative or quantitative) of the identified and

evaluated environmental issues
2.4
client
organization commissioning the assessment
EXAMPLES The site owner, the assessee, or any other party.
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
ISO 14015:2001(E)
2.5
environment

surroundings in which an organization operates, including air, water, land, natural resources, flora, fauna, humans,

and their interrelation

NOTE Surroundings in this context extend from within an organization to the global system.

[ISO 14001:1996]
2.6
environmental aspect

element of an organization’s activities, products or services that can interact with the environment

NOTE An environmental aspect can relate to past, present and future activities, products and services.

2.7
environmental assessment of sites and organizations
EASO

process to identify objectively the environmental aspects, to identify the environmental issues and to determine the

business consequences of sites and organizations as a result of past, current and expected future activities

NOTE The determination of business consequences is optional, at the discretion of the client.

2.8
environmental impact

any change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an organization’s

activities, products or services
[ISO 14001:1996]
2.9
environmental issue

issue for which validated information on environmental aspects deviates from selected criteria and may result in

liabilities or benefits, effects on the assessee’s or the client’s public image, or other costs

2.10
environmental management system

that part of the overall management system that includes organizational structure, planning activities,

responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes and resources for developing, implementing, achieving,

reviewing and maintaining the environmental policy
[ISO 14001:1996]
2.11
intrusive investigation
sampling and testing using instruments and/or requiring physical interference
2.12
organization

company, corporation, firm, enterprise, authority or institution, or part or combination thereof, whether incorporated

or not, public or private, that has its own functions and administration

NOTE In organizations with more than one operative unit, each operative unit can be defined as an organization.

2.13
representative of the assessee
person authorized to represent the assessee
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
ISO 14015:2001(E)
2.14
site

location with defined geographical boundaries and on which activities under the control of an organization may be

carried out

NOTE The geographical boundaries may be on land and in water, and include above- and below-surface structures, both

natural and man-made.
2.15
validation

process whereby the assessor determines that the information gathered is accurate, reliable, sufficient and

appropriate to meet the objectives of the assessment
3 Roles and responsibilities
3.1 Client
Client responsibilities and activities should include
a) determining the need for the assessment,
b) defining the objectives of the assessment,

c) determining the scope and criteria of the assessment, if appropriate in consultation with the assessor,

d) selecting the assessor(s),
e) providing instructions to the assessor(s),

f) defining which parts of the assessment (planning, information gathering and validation, evaluation and

reporting) will be conducted by the assessor and which parts will be the responsibility of the client; this may

require identification of and coordination with other experts,
g) identifying and determining priority assessment areas, if appropriate,

h) contacting the representative of the assessee, if appropriate, to obtain full cooperation and to initiate the

process,
i) approving the assessment plan,

j) providing appropriate authority and resources to enable the assessment to be conducted,

k) providing the assessor with the information necessary to undertake the assessment, and

l) receiving the assessment results and determining their distribution.

Before any disclosure of the results of the assessment to a third party, the client should decide whether to inform

the representative of the assessee.

NOTE The client, assessor and representative of the assessee may be the same body.

3.2 Representative of the assessee

The roles and responsibilities of the representative of the assessee should include

a) providing access to relevant areas and information to meet the objectives of the assessment,

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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
ISO 14015:2001(E)
b) informing relevant employees and other parties about the assessment process,
c) providing, or assisting to provide, personnel for interviews,
d) providing personnel to assist in the assessment process, if requested, and
e) providing a safe working environment for the assessor.

At the discretion of the client, the representative of the assessee may participate in the determination of the scope

and the assessment plan and may receive the results of the assessment.

The role of the representative of the assessee does not apply if the assessment is undertaken without the

knowledge of the assessee, or if the site and/or organization is one for which no responsible party can be identified.

3.3 Assessor

The roles and responsibilities of an assessor are in some respects different from those of an auditor. Whereas an

auditor verifies existing information against established criteria, an assessor in addition gathers new information

and is often required to evaluate information to determine business consequences.

In the conduct of an environmental assessment of sites and organizations, an assessor should use the diligence,

knowledge, skill and judgement expected of any assessor in similar circumstances. An assessor should exercise

discretion and maintain confidentiality unless required by laws or regulations to do otherwise.

The responsibility and activities of the assessor, or the team leader when more than one assessor is involved,

should include

a) assisting the client, when requested, to determine the objectives, scope (including the identification and

determination of priority assessment areas) and criteria of the assessment,
b) agreeing with the client on the method and format for reporting,

c) preparing the assessment plan and obtaining the client’s approval and, if appropriate, that of the

representative of the assessee,
d) creating and maintaining working documents such as checklists and protocols,

e) ensuring that the necessary skills are available to meet the assessment objectives and, if appropriate,

assembling an assessment team,
f) obtaining the client’s approval of the assessment team,
g) obtaining initial information,

h) assigning members of the assessment team to conduct the component parts of the assessment,

i) gathering and validating information in accordance with the assessment plan,
j) identifying and evaluating environmental issues,
k) determining business consequences, if requested by the client, and
l) preparing and providing the report to the client, if requested.

This International Standard does not give guidance on assessor competence and qualifications. However, the

performance of an environmental assessment requires sufficient
 education,
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
ISO 14015:2001(E)
 training, and
 relevant work experience
as well as knowledge of and competence in
 relevant laws and regulations and related documents,
 environmental science and technology,
 economics and the relevant business area,
 technical and environmental aspects of (commercial) operations,
 facility operations, and
 assessment techniques.
4 Assessment process
4.1 General

The assessment process involves planning the assessment, gathering and validating information, evaluating the

information, and reporting on the assessment.

The process may include the identification of business opportunities, if specifically requested by the client.

4.2 Planning
4.2.1 General

Once it has been agreed that an assessment will be conducted, it should be planned. Planning includes defining

and agreeing on the objectives, the scope and the criteria of the assessment, and developing the assessment plan.

4.2.2 Objectives of the assessment

The assessment should address the objectives defined by the client. The objectives of an EASO may include

 the identification, gathering and evaluation of information on the environmental aspects and environmental

issues associated with the site and/or organization; and when desired,

 the determination of the business consequences of the environmental issues associated with the site and/or

organization.
4.2.3 Scope of the assessment
The scope establishes the boundaries and the focus of the assessment.

At the discretion of the client, the scope may or may not include the determination of business consequences.

In developing the scope of the assessment, the following should be considered:
 categories of environmental aspects to be assessed;

 any environmental impacts that other sites and organizations may have on the assessee;

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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
ISO 14015:2001(E)
 physical boundaries of the assessee (e.g. site, part of a site);
 adjacent and nearby sites, where applicable;

 organizational boundaries, including relationships with or activities involving contractors, suppliers,

organizations (e.g. off-site waste disposal), individuals, former occupants;
 time period covered (e.g. past, present and/or future):

 with regard to the activities of the assessee and/or the client (e.g. continuing present operations, plans for

change, expansion, demolition, decommissioning, revamping);
 with regard to development of the criteria (see 4.2.4); and
 business consequence cost threshold, if applicable.

The scope may define or limit any related sites and organizations to be included in the assessment. At the

discretion of the client, the scope may be amended after the assessment has begun. Any change should be

recorded and communicated to the relevant parties.

The client may identify elements within the defined scope that deserve priority attention during the assessment.

Priorities are typically established on the basis of information available while planning the assessment. The

identification of priorities does not exempt the assessor from the obligation of taking into account the full scope

during the assessment.
4.2.4 Assessment criteria

Criteria should be identified against which gathered information will be assessed. Criteria may include but are not

limited to

 currently applicable and reasonably foreseeable legal requirements (e.g. consents, permits, environmental

laws and regulations and regulatory policies),

 other client-defined environmental requirements (e.g. organizational policies and procedures, specific

environmental conditions, management practices, systems and performance requirements, industry and

professional codes of practice and conduct),

 requirements, claims or potential claims of interested third parties (e.g. insurance companies, financial

organizations), and
 technological considerations.
4.2.5 Assessment plan
The assessment plan should include the following, where applicable:

 identification of the client, the representative of the assessee, and the assessor(s);

 assessment objectives and scope;
 assessment criteria;
 priority assessment areas;
 roles and responsibilities;
 working language of the assessment and associated reports;
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SIST EN ISO 14015:2010
ISO 14015:2001(E)
 assessment schedule, including dates and duration;
 resources requirements (e.g. human, financial, technological);
 outline of the assessment procedures to be used;

 summary of the reference documents, checklists and protocols and other working documents, to be used;

 reporting requirements; and
 confidentiality requirements.

A number of possible limitations that could influence the assessment may be identified in the assessment plan.

Possible limitations include:
 time available for the assessment;
 resources available for the assessment;
 access to relevant areas;
 available information; and
 communications with personnel or access to relevant documents.

The client should review and approve the assessment plan. The assessment plan should be communicated, if

appropriate, to the representative of the assessee.
4.3 Information gathering and validation
4.3.1 General

The assessment is based on validated information gathered on the environmental aspects through reviewing

existing documents and records (both prior to and during the site visit), observing activities and physical conditions,

and interviewing.
The process of gathering information on
...

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