This document specifies requirements for and gives guidance on the application of life cycle costing
to create value for the development activities and operations associated with drilling, exploitation,
processing and transport of petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas resources. This document
covers facilities and associated activities within different business categories (upstream, midstream,
downstream and petrochemical).
The life cycle costing process as described in this document is applicable when making decisions
between competing options that are differentiated by cost and/or economic value. This document is not
concerned with decision-making related to the economic performance of individual options or options
differentiated by factors other than cost or economic value.
Guidance is provided on the management methodology and application of life cycle costing in support
of decision-making across life cycle phases. The extent of planning and management depends on the
magnitude of the costs involved, the potential value that can be created and the life cycle phase. It also
provides the means of identifying cost drivers and provides a cost-control framework for these cost
drivers, allowing effective cost control and optimization over the entire life of an asset.

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This part of IEC 62832 specifies rules of the Digital Factory framework for managing information
of a production system throughout its life cycle. It also defines how information will be added,
deleted or changed in the DigitalFactory by the various activities during the life cycle of the
production system.
These rules include:
– rules to represent a production system with a DigitalFactory;
– rules to represent a PS asset or a role with a DFasset;
– rules to represent a relationship between PS assets with a DFassetLink;
– rules to represent a relationship between roles with a DFassetLink;
– rules to represent the hierarchy of PS assets in a production system;
– rules to check the compatibility between associated PS assets.
NOTE 1 "PS" and "DF" are used in IEC 62832 (all parts) as qualifiers, they are part of the concept names. See
IEC 62832-1:2020, Clause 3.
NOTE 2 Common rules are the base for the exchange of data between and within enterprises, between engineering
tools, and between departments.

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This International Standard establishes basic principles for Life-Cycle-Management of systems
and components used for industrial-process measurement, control and automation. These
principles are applicable to various industrial sectors. This standard provides definitions and
reference models related to the life-cycle of a product type and the life time of a product instance,
It defines a consistent set of generic reference models and terms. The key models defined are:
– Life-Cycle-Model;
– structure model;
– compatibility model.
This document also describes the application of these models for Life-Cycle-Management
strategies. The content is used for technical aspects concerning the design, planning,
development and maintenance of automation systems and components and the operation of
the plant.
The definitions of generic models and terms regarding Life-Cycle-Management are
indispensable for a common understanding and application by all partners in the value chain
such as plant user, product and system producer, service provider, and component supplier.
The models and strategies described in this standard are also applicable for related
management systems, i.e. MES and ERP.

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This International standard sets out the concepts, principles and the general structure for product data templates for products used in construction works. This general structure can be used to describe any product, e.g. in the domains of construction products, mechanical products, electrical products, plumbing products, and HVAC products.
This standard gives the specification of a taxonomy model based on ISO 12006-3 Building construction -- Organization of information about construction works -- Part 3: Framework for object-oriented information, that provides a methodology for creating concepts, grouping concepts, and defining relationships between concepts. Concepts defined in this standard are representing reference documents, product types, properties, property sets, quantities, units and values, with relationships between the concepts to provide the formal description of the product type as well as its typical behavior. This structure of concepts and relationships forms the basis for a product data template.
This standard describes how product data templates shall be linked to IFC classes according EN ISO 16739 - Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) for data sharing in the construction and facility management industries, by describing the general rule for creating relations between xtdsubject and xtdproperty with Ifc entities and Ifc properties in a data dictionary based on EN ISO 12006-3 Building construction -- Organization of information about construction works -- Part 3: Framework for object-oriented information.
This standard describes the general product data template structure that shall be used for developing specific product data templates based on domain and/or specific areas such as standards developed in ISO/IEC, CEN/CENELEC, ASTM, ANSI, etc.

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This document defines product category rules (PCR) for electronic and electrical products and systems (EEPS).
It specifies the process and requirements on how to conduct life cycle assessment in the context of
environmental declarations.
PCR is complemented by additional product-specific rules (PSR), which further define e.g. functional units and
default scenarios in the product-specific context. Therefore, it also provides guidance on how to develop PSR
in corresponding technical committees.
This document provides common rules for:
a) life cycle assessment (LCA), including the requirements for developing default scenarios;
b) the LCA report;
c) the development of product specific rules.
This document provides further guidelines for environmental declarations.
The basic LCA principles and framework are based on the EN ISO 14040 series of standards (i.e EN ISO 14040
and ISO 14044), and therefore out of scope of the standard.

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EN-IEC 63171-6 covers 2-way and 4-way (data/power) shielded free and fixedconnectors for data transmission with frequencies up to 600 MHz and specifies the commondimensions, mechanical, electrical and transmission characteristics and environmentalrequirements as well as test specifications respectively.This document specifies several properties overlapping with specifications in the IEC 63171series which have been drafted later. In case of conflict the specifications within thisdocument prevail.

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ISO 20294 specifies the requirements for quantifying the carbon footprint of those processes, materials and technologies within the user's knowledge and control that are necessary for the delivery and use of e-media. It covers requirements to account for e-media archiving, distribution, use and storage. It is based on a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach, using defined system boundaries and a specified functional unit as the basis for complete or partial carbon footprinting studies. These data can be referenced throughout supply chains for individual e-media products. This document is applicable to a carbon footprint of a product (CFP) study of e-media regarding contents and e-media devices. This document provides a framework for carbon calculators that organisations can follow and that can be used as the structure for market- or sector-specific carbon footprinting tools. Studies and tools constructed within this framework methodology provide carbon footprint quantifications of e-media that can be validated, verified and provide reference for future studies. This document does not assess any social or economic aspects or impacts, or any other environmental aspects and related impacts potentially arising from the life cycle of a product.

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This European Standard specifies a detailed methodology that will allow any economic operator in a biofuel or bioliquid chain to calculate the actual GHG emissions associated with its operations in a standardised and transparent manner, taking all materially relevant aspects into account. It includes all steps of the chain from biomass production to the end transport and distribution operations.
The methodology strictly follows the principles and rules stipulated in the RED and particularly its Annex V, the EC decision dated 10 June 2010 "Guideline for calculation of land carbon stocks" for the purpose of Annex V to Directive 2009/28/EC (2010/335/EU) [5] as well as any additional interpretation of the legislative text published by the EU Commission. Where appropriate these rules are clarified, explained and further elaborated. In the context of accounting for heat and electricity consumption and surpluses reference is also made to Directive 2004/8/EC [6] on "the promotion of cogeneration based on a useful heat demand in the internal energy market" and the associated EU Commission decision of 21/12/2006 "establishing harmonised efficiency reference values for separate production of electricity and heat" [7].
The main purpose of this standard is to specify a methodology to estimate GHG emissions at each step of the biofuel/bioliquid production and transport chain. The specific way in which these emissions have to be combined to establish the overall GHG balance of a biofuel or bioliquid depends on the chain of custody system in use and is not per se within the scope of this part 4 of the EN 16214 standard. Part 2 of the standard, addresses these issues in detail also in accordance with the stipulations of the RED. Nevertheless, Clause 6 of this part of the standard includes general indications and guidelines on how to integrate the different parts of the chain.

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This document specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification and reporting
of the carbon footprint of a product (CFP), in a manner consistent with International Standards on life
cycle assessment (LCA) (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044).
Requirements and guidelines for the quantification of a partial CFP are also specified.
This document is applicable to CFP studies, the results of which provide the basis for different
applications (see Clause 4).
This document addresses only a single impact category: climate change. Carbon offsetting and
communication of CFP or partial CFP information are outside the scope of this document.
This document does not assess any social or economic aspects or impacts, or any other environmental
aspects and related impacts potentially arising from the life cycle of a product.

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This document provides guidelines for application of Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) of specific relevance to manufactured nanomaterials (MNMs), including their use in other products, according to EN ISO 14044:2006. It does not cover incidental nanomaterials.

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ISO 20294:2018 This document specifies the requirements for quantifying the carbon footprint of those processes, materials and technologies within the user's knowledge and control that are necessary for the delivery and use of e-media. It covers requirements to account for e-media archiving, distribution, use and storage. It is based on a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach, using defined system boundaries and a specified functional unit as the basis for complete or partial carbon footprinting studies. These data can be referenced throughout supply chains for individual e-media products.
This document is applicable to a carbon footprint of a product (CFP) study of e-media regarding contents and e-media devices.
This document provides a framework for carbon calculators that organisations can follow and that can be used as the structure for market- or sector-specific carbon footprinting tools. Studies and tools constructed within this framework methodology provide carbon footprint quantifications of e-media that can be validated, verified and provide reference for future studies.
This document does not assess any social or economic aspects or impacts, or any other environmental aspects and related impacts potentially arising from the life cycle of a product.

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This document specifies the requirements for quantifying the carbon footprint of those processes, materials and technologies within the user's knowledge and control that are necessary for the delivery and use of e-media. It covers requirements to account for e-media archiving, distribution, use and storage. It is based on a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach, using defined system boundaries and a specified functional unit as the basis for complete or partial carbon footprinting studies. These data can be referenced throughout supply chains for individual e-media products. This document is applicable to a carbon footprint of a product (CFP) study of e-media regarding contents and e-media devices. This document provides a framework for carbon calculators that organisations can follow and that can be used as the structure for market- or sector-specific carbon footprinting tools. Studies and tools constructed within this framework methodology provide carbon footprint quantifications of e-media that can be validated, verified and provide reference for future studies. This document does not assess any social or economic aspects or impacts, or any other environmental aspects and related impacts potentially arising from the life cycle of a product.

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The present document specifies the general engineering of various broadband infrastructures to enable the most
effective energy management (and management of other resources) and the appropriate measures for EoL treatment of
ICT equipment.
The present document specifies the requirements for resource management of customer network infrastructures within
homes (single-tenant), as recipients of broadband services, as a combination of:
• Energy management while maintaining or even improving the level of service is supported by requirements
for:
i) in new, refurbished and existing buildings: the selection of customer premises equipment and associated
power supplies which meet specific energy consumption and energy efficiency requirements (by means
of external references);
ii) in new or refurbished buildings: the provision of appropriate spaces and pathways to accommodate
cabling infrastructure.
• EoL of ICT equipment by reference to ETSI EN 305 174-8 [7].

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This part of IEC 62443 specifies process requirements for the secure development of
products used in industrial automation and control systems. It defines a secure development
life-cycle (SDL) for the purpose of developing and maintaining secure products. This life-cycle
includes security requirements definition, secure design, secure implementation (including
coding guidelines), verification and validation, defect management, patch management and
product end-of-life. These requirements can be applied to new or existing processes for
developing, maintaining and retiring hardware, software or firmware for new or existing
products. These requirements apply to the developer and maintainer of the product, but not to
the integrator or user of the product. A summary list of the requirements in this document can
be found in Annex B.

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This part of EN 16785 specifies a method of determining the bio-based content in products using the material balance applied to a representative product batch in a production unit.
This European Standard is applicable to any solid, liquid and gaseous bio-based product containing carbon, obtained by chemical synthesis, mixing or assembling, provided that:
-   for a product batch, the composition of the product and the bio-based content of each input, output and loss  in the production unit are known; and
-   the bio-based content of the product is verifiable by analysis.
This method incorporates only the physical parts of the input and output stream as present in the final product, and does not incorporate material inputs for the energy to be used during the production process.
This method is not needed for the determination of the bio-based content in natural products wholly derived from biomass.

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The present document is part 1 of a multi-part deliverable which specifies the general engineering of various broadband
infrastructures to enable the most effective energy management (and management of other resources) and the
appropriate measures for End-of-Life (EoL) treatment of ICT equipment.
This multi-part deliverable does not address the following aspects of the broadband network sub-systems:
• implications for carbon "footprint";
• resources used to construct the sub-systems;
• the nature or method of production of the energy consumed by the infrastructures.
The present document provides an overview of the ETSI EN 305 174 series of standards together with a definition of
the common and generic aspects to which the other standards in the series conform.
Clause 2 and clause 3 contain references, definitions, symbols and abbreviations which relate to this part; similar
information will be included in the corresponding clauses of the other parts, thus ensuring that each document can be
used on a "stand-alone" basis.
Clause 4 describes the network sub-systems applicable to broadband infrastructures and their interconnections that are
addressed by the ETSI EN 305 174 series.
Clause 5 specifies the format of the other parts of the ETSI EN 305 174 series (other than ETSI EN 305 174-8 [i.6]).

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The present document is part 2 of a multi-part deliverable which specifies the general engineering of various broadband
infrastructures to enable the most effective energy management (and management of other resources) and the
appropriate measures for EoL treatment of ICT equipment.
The present document specifies the requirements for resource management of ICT sites, as a combination of:
• energy management;
• management of the End-of-Life (EoL) procedures for ICT equipment by reference to ETSI EN 305 174-8 [1].

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The present document is part 8 of a multi-part deliverable which specifies requirements for processes in relation to
management of end-of-life of ICT equipment.
The present document specifies requirements and recommendations for the ICT sector to contribute actively to the
WEEE collection objectives as defined in the WEEE Directive.
Interpretation of regulation and legislation concerning the topic are outside the outside the scope of the present
document and are covered by other standards and regulations. However, information given in the present document may
be of assistance in meeting these standards and regulations.

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ISO/TR 14073:2017 provides illustrative examples of how to apply ISO 14046, in order to assess the water footprint of products, processes and organizations based on life cycle assessment. The examples are presented to demonstrate particular aspects of the application of ISO 14046 and therefore do not present all of the details of an entire water footprint study report as required by ISO 14046.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for transparent and non-misleading business-to consumer communication of characteristics of bio-based products by means of labelling and claims. It does not specify requirements for bio-based products.
This European Standard is intended to be used as a tool to generate and transfer information to the consumer and/or as an input for product-specific standards and certification schemes.
Business to business communication is covered by FprEN 16848.[1]
NOTE   This standard is applicable to all claims which are based on or make reference to bio-based content (e.g. vegetable-based, plant-based).

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The scope of this standard is to calculate the Product Carbon Footprint (PCF) of leather as defined in EN 15987 and sold in the semi-processed state or ready to be shipped for use in consumer articles manufacturing processes.

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The well integrity standard should provide guidance to the oil and gas industry on how to effectively manage well integrity during the well operational condition. The "Well Operational Condition" is defined as, the well life cycle from the handover of the construction phase to the abandonment phase, assuring compliance with the defined safe operating envelope. The standard shall address the process of managing well integrity, by identified well types based on exposure of risk to people, environment, assets and reputation that is supported by associated maintenance / monitoring plans, technical reviews and management of change as detailed in following steps:
1   A pro-active well / field review monitoring process for wells' safe operating envelope to include changes in flow parameters, gas or effluent composition, annuli pressure communication, corrosion or wear, that re-assures the wells operate safely within their boundaries. Changes to the operating envelopes shall be recorded and the associated assurance task for maintenance and monitoring of well conditions shall be updated.
2   Well types defined based on environment (onshore, offshore, subsea) and functionality (injector, producer, artificial lift, gas, oil, water) with their operating envelopes or barrier elements specified. The requirements for barrier elements shall be based on well outflow potential risk and severity of impact to the environment. The well type defines the inspection and maintenance frequency of the barriers defined to minimise the risk to environment, people, assets and reputation.  
3   Risk based monitoring and maintenance plans based on well type and risk exposure that assure wells are maintained within their safe operating envelopes. To minimize the risk of uncontrolled release of hydrocarbons, or associated products from the production or injection activities to the environment (atmosphere / sea / swamp / land or aquifers), throughout the life cycle of each well.
4   Test criteria

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This European Standard specifies a method for the determination of the bio-based carbon content in products, based on the 14C content measurement.
This European Standard also specifies three test methods to be used for the determination of the 14C content from which the bio-based carbon content is calculated:
-   Method A: Liquid scintillation-counter method (LSC) (normative);
-   Method B: Beta-ionization (BI) (informative);
-   Method C: Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) (normative).
The bio-based carbon content is expressed by a fraction of sample mass or as a fraction of the total carbon content. This calculation method is applicable to any product containing carbon, including bio composites.
NOTE   This European standard does not provide the methodology for the calculation of the biomass content of a sample see prEN 16785-1 [5] and prEN 16785-2 [6].

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This European Standard specifies a template for the reporting and communication of characteristics, including recovery and disposal options, of bio-based products designed for business to business transactions.
This horizontal European Standard is intended to be used as a tool to generate and transfer information in the industrial chain and/or as an input for product specific standards and certification schemes.
This European Standard does not contain requirements for bio-based products, but requirements for claims about bio-based products.
Business to consumer communication is not covered by this standard

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This Technical Report provides guidance on how to compile an inventory for the end-of-life phase in LCA of bio-based products. All the end-of-life treatments here addressed are shown in Figure 1.

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This Technical Report provides guidance on how to compile an inventory for the end-of-life phase in LCA of bio-based products. All the end-of-life treatments here addressed are shown in Figure 1.
NOTE   The order of the end-of-life options indicated in Figure 1 respect the Directive 2008/98/EC on waste. This list is not exhaustive, but illustrates the content of this Technical Report.

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This Technical Specification provides additional specifications to ISO 14040:2006 and ISO 14044:2006.
It provides requirements and guidelines for conducting a critical review of any type of LCA study and
the competencies required for the review.
This Technical Specification provides:
— details of a critical review process, including clarification with regard to ISO 14044:2006;
— guidelines to deliver the required critical review process, linked to the goal of the life cycle
assessment (LCA) and its intended use;
— content and deliverables of the critical review process;
— guidelines to improve the consistency, transparency, efficiency and credibility of the critical review
process;
— the required competencies for the reviewer(s) (internal, external and panel member);
— the required competencies to be represented by the panel as a whole.
This Technical Specification does not cover the applications of LCA (as illustrated in ISO 14040:2006,
Figure 1).

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TThis European Standard sets horizontal sustainability criteria applicable to the bio-based part of all bio-based products, excluding food, feed and energy, covering all three pillars of sustainability; environmental, social and economic aspects. If the product is partly bio-based, this European Standard can only be used for the bio-based part since it does not address non-bio-based (fossil, mineral) parts of a product.
This European Standard can be used for two applications; either to provide sustainability information about the biomass production only or to provide sustainability information in the supply chain for the bio-based part of the bio-based product.
This European Standard sets a framework to provide information on management of sustainability aspects.
This European Standard cannot be used to make claims that operations or products are sustainable since it does not establish thresholds or limits.
This European Standard can however be used for business-to-business (B2B) communication or for developing product specific standards and certification schemes.

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ISO/TS 14071:2014 provides additional specifications to ISO 14040:2006 and ISO 14044:2006. It provides requirements and guidelines for conducting a critical review of any type of LCA study and the competencies required for the review.
ISO/TS 14071:2014 provides:
details of a critical review process, including clarification with regard to ISO 14044:2006;
guidelines to deliver the required critical review process, linked to the goal of the life cycle assessment (LCA) and its intended use;
content and deliverables of the critical review process;
guidelines to improve the consistency, transparency, efficiency and credibility of the critical review process;
the required competencies for the reviewer(s) (internal, external and panel member);
the required competencies to be represented by the panel as a whole.
ISO/TS 14071:2014 does not cover the applications of LCA.

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ISO 14046:2014 specifies principles, requirements and guidelines related to water footprint assessment of products, processes and organizations based on life cycle assessment (LCA).
ISO 14046:2014 provides principles, requirements and guidelines for conducting and reporting a water footprint assessment as a stand-alone assessment, or as part of a more comprehensive environmental assessment.
Only air and soil emissions that impact water quality are included in the assessment, and not all air and soil emissions are included.
The result of a water footprint assessment is a single value or a profile of impact indicator results.
Whereas reporting is within the scope of ISO 14046:2014, communication of water footprint results, for example in the form of labels or declarations, is outside the scope of ISO 14046:2014.

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This European Standard specifies a method of determining the bio-based content in products, based on the radiocarbon analysis and elemental analysis.
This European Standard is applicable to any solid, liquid and gaseous product containing carbon element, provided that a statement giving the composition and the origin of the product is available.
This method is not needed for the determination of the bio based content in natural products wholly derived from biomass.

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This European Standard provides specific life cycle assessment (LCA) requirements and guidance for bio-based products, excluding food, feed and energy, based on EN ISO 14040 Environmental management — Life cycle assessment — Principles and framework and EN ISO 14044 Environmental management — Life cycle assessment — Requirements and guidelines.
This European Standard covers bio-based products, derived wholly or partly from biomass.
This European Standard provides guidance and requirements to assess impact over the life cycle of bio-based products.
The applications of LCA as such are outside the scope of this European Standard. Clarifications, considerations, practices, simplifications and options for the different applications, are also beyond the scope of this European Standard.
In addition, this European Standard may be applied in studies that do not cover the whole life cycle, with justification e.g. in the case of business-to-business information, such as cradle-to-gate studies, gate-to-gate studies, and specific parts of the life cycle (e.g. waste management, components of a product).
For those studies most requirements of this European Standard are applicable (e.g. data quality, collection and calculation as well as allocation and critical review), but not all the requirements for the system boundary.

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This European Standard provides specific life cycle assessment (LCA) requirements and guidance for bio-based products, excluding food, feed and energy, based on EN ISO 14040 and EN ISO 14044.
This European Standard covers bio-based products, derived wholly or partly from biomass.
This European Standard provides guidance and requirements to assess impact over the life cycle of bio-based products with the focus on how to handle the specificities of the bio-based part of the product.
The applications of LCA as such are outside the scope of this European Standard. Clarifications, considerations, practices, simplifications and options for the different applications, are also beyond the scope of this European Standard. In addition, this European Standard may be applied in studies that do not cover the whole life cycle, with justification e.g. in the case of business-to-business information, such as cradle-to-gate studies, gate-to-gate studies, and specific parts of the life cycle (e.g. waste management, components of a product).

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PWI created for possible future // procedures

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The scope of WG28 Performance Classification is expressed in this Technical Report:
Guidance on the determination of end use performance of wood products: utilization and improvement of existing test methods to estimate service life, in order to give input to the harmonized product standards dealing with the durability requirement of the CPD and future CPR.
This Technical Report brings together the evaluations and discussions to date that have occurred within CEN/TC38/WG28 Performance Classification.

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ISO/TS 14072:2014 provides additional requirements and guidelines for an effective application of ISO 14040 and ISO 14044 to organizations. This Technical Specification details ? the application of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) principles and methodology to organizations, ? the benefits that LCA can bring to organizations by using LCA methodology at organizational level, ? the system boundary, ? specific considerations when dealing with LCI, LCIA, and interpretation, and ? the limitations regarding reporting, environmental declarations, and comparative assertions. This Technical Specification applies to any organization that has interest in applying LCA. It is not intended for the interpretation of ISO 14001 and specifically covers the goals of ISO 14040 and ISO 14044.

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This part of ISO 15686 describes procedures that facilitate service life predictions of building components, based on technical and functional performance. It provides a general framework, principles and requirements for conducting and reporting such studies. It does not cover limitation of service life due to obsolescence or other non-measurable or unpredictable performance states.

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This European Standard defines general terms to be used in the field of bio-based products, including horizontal aspects relevant for bio-based product standards.
NOTE   Though the terms in this standard are horizontally applicable to bio-based products, this standard focuses on areas other than food, feed and energy applications, where terms may be defined in existing specific standards.

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This Technical Report gives an overview of methods which can be used for the determination of the bio-based content of solid, liquid and gaseous products. It describes more specifically:
a)   a method using the radiocarbon analysis and elemental analysis: this method is based on a statement and a verification of the composition of the products;
b)   methods based on measurement of stable isotopic ratio; and
c)   a method based on the material balance.
This Technical Report gives guidance on the applicability of the different methods.
This Technical Report also gives recommendations for the further development of European Standards for the determination of the bio-based content.

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ISO 14046:2014 specifies principles, requirements and guidelines related to water footprint assessment of products, processes and organizations based on life cycle assessment (LCA). ISO 14046:2014 provides principles, requirements and guidelines for conducting and reporting a water footprint assessment as a stand-alone assessment, or as part of a more comprehensive environmental assessment. Only air and soil emissions that impact water quality are included in the assessment, and not all air and soil emissions are included. The result of a water footprint assessment is a single value or a profile of impact indicator results. Whereas reporting is within the scope of ISO 14046:2014, communication of water footprint results, for example in the form of labels or declarations, is outside the scope of ISO 14046:2014.

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EN 4057-402 specifies the procedure to determine the life cycle of cable ties for harnesses under random vibration conditions for aerospace applications. It shall be used together with EN 4057-100.

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ISO/TS 14071:2014 provides additional specifications to ISO 14040:2006 and ISO 14044:2006. It provides requirements and guidelines for conducting a critical review of any type of LCA study and the competencies required for the review. ISO/TS 14071:2014 provides: details of a critical review process, including clarification with regard to ISO 14044:2006; guidelines to deliver the required critical review process, linked to the goal of the life cycle assessment (LCA) and its intended use; content and deliverables of the critical review process; guidelines to improve the consistency, transparency, efficiency and credibility of the critical review process; the required competencies for the reviewer(s) (internal, external and panel member); the required competencies to be represented by the panel as a whole. ISO/TS 14071:2014 does not cover the applications of LCA.

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ISO 16759:2013 specifies the requirements for quantifying the carbon footprint of those processes, materials and technologies required to produce print media products using any form of printing technology and that are within the user's knowledge and control. It is based on a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach, using defined system boundaries and a specified functional unit as the basis for complete or partial carbon footprinting studies. This data can be referenced throughout supply chains for individual print media products. ISO 16759:2013 defines standards of completeness to be followed when communicating the results of a carbon footprint study for print media products to business and consumers. ISO 16759:2013 provides a framework for carbon calculators that organisations can follow, and that can be used as the structure for market or sector-specific carbon footprinting tools. Studies and tools constructed within this framework methodology provide carbon footprint quantifications of print media products that can be validated and verified.

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