Soil quality - Determination of dry bulk density (ISO 11272:2017)

ISO 11272:2017 specifies three methods for the determination of dry bulk density of soils calculated from the mass and the volume of a soil sample. The methods involve drying and weighing a soil sample, the volume of which is either known [core method (see 4.1)] or determined [excavation method (see 4.2) and clod method (see 4.4)].

Bodenbeschaffenheit - Bestimmung der Trockenrohdichte (ISO 11272:2017)

Dieses Dokument legt drei Verfahren für die Bestimmung der Trockenrohdichte von Böden, berechnet aus der Masse und dem Volumen einer Bodenprobe, fest. Diese Verfahren umfassen die Trocknung und Wägung einer Bodenprobe, deren Volumen entweder bekannt ist (Stechzylinderverfahren [siehe 4.1]) oder bestimmt wird (Aushubverfahren [siehe 4.2], und Klumpenverfahren [siehe 4.4]).

Qualité du sol - Détermination de la masse volumique apparente sèche (ISO 11272:2017)

ISO 11272:2017 spécifie trois méthodes de calcul de la masse volumique apparente sèche des sols à partir de la masse et du volume d'un échantillon de sol. Les méthodes consistent à sécher et peser un échantillon de sol, de volume connu [méthode du cylindre, (voir 4.1)] ou dont le volume est déterminé [(méthode par excavation (voir 4.2) et méthode des mottes (voir 4.4)].

Kakovost tal - Določevanje prostorninske gostote suhih vzorcev (ISO 11272:2017)

Ta dokument določa tri metode za določevanje prostorninske gostote suhih vzorcev, ki se izračuna iz mase in prostornine vzorca tal. Metode vključujejo sušenje in tehtanje vzorca tal, čigar prostornina je znana (metoda jedra (glej 4.1)) ali določena (metoda z izkopavanjem (glej 4.2) ali metoda grude (glej 4.4)).

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
28-Mar-2017
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
29-Mar-2017
Completion Date
29-Mar-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
01-december-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 11272:2014
.DNRYRVWWDO'RORþHYDQMHSURVWRUQLQVNHJRVWRWHVXKLKY]RUFHY ,62
Soil quality - Determination of dry bulk density (ISO 11272:2017)
Bodenbeschaffenheit - Bestimmung der Trockenrohdichte (ISO 11272:2017)
Qualité du sol - Détermination de la masse volumique apparente sèche (ISO
11272:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 11272:2017
ICS:
13.080.20 Fizikalne lastnosti tal Physical properties of soils
17.060 Merjenje prostornine, mase, Measurement of volume,
gostote, viskoznosti mass, density, viscosity
SIST EN ISO 11272:2017 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
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SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
EN ISO 11272
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2017
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.080.20 Supersedes EN ISO 11272:2014
English Version
Soil quality - Determination of dry bulk density (ISO
11272:2017)

Qualité du sol - Détermination de la masse volumique Bodenbeschaffenheit - Bestimmung der

apparente sèche (ISO 11272:2017) Trockenrohdichte (ISO 11272:2017)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 11 February 2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 11272:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
EN ISO 11272:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
EN ISO 11272:2017 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 11272:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 190 "Soil

quality" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 444 “Test methods for environmental

characterization of solid matrices” the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2017, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes EN ISO 11272:2014.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 11272:2017 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 11272:2017 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
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SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 11272
Second edition
2017-03
Soil quality — Determination of dry
bulk density
Qualité du sol — Détermination de la masse volumique apparente sèche
Reference number
ISO 11272:2017(E)
ISO 2017
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SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
ISO 11272:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
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CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
ISO 11272:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Test procedures ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 Core method .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.1.1 Principle .................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

4.1.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1.3 Sampling and drying ........................................................................................................................................... .......... 2

4.1.4 Calculation ............................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.2 Excavation method .............................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.2.1 Principle .................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.2.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.3 Field procedure ................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.2.4 Laboratory procedure ................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.2.5 Calculation ............................................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.3 Substitute methods ............................................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.4 Clod method .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

4.4.1 Principle .................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

4.4.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.4.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.4.4 Calculation ............................................................................................................................................................................. 8

4.4.5 Unified reference temperature ............................................................................................................................ 9

5 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

Annex A (informative) Volume measurement using plastic balls .......................................................................................10

Annex B (normative) Density of water at different temperatures .....................................................................................11

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
ISO 11272:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: w w w . i s o .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 190, Soil quality, Subcommittee SC 3,

Chemical methods and soil characteristics.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 11272:1998), which has been technically

revised.
iv © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
ISO 11272:2017(E)
Introduction

The dry bulk density is used together with the particle density (see ISO 11508) for the calculation of the

solids content and porosity of soil for the evaluation of soil structure and conversion of concentrations

of substances in soil from mass/volume to mass/mass and vice versa.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
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SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 11272:2017(E)
Soil quality — Determination of dry bulk density
1 Scope

This document specifies three methods for the determination of dry bulk density of soils calculated

from the mass and the volume of a soil sample. The methods involve drying and weighing a soil sample,

the volume of which is either known [core method (see 4.1)] or determined [excavation method (see 4.2)

and clod method (see 4.4)].
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ASTM D1556, Standard test method for density and unit weight of soil in place by sand-cone method

ASTM D2167, Standard test method for density and unit weight of soil in place by the rubber balloon method

ASTM D4914, Standard test methods for density of soil and rock in place by the sand replacement method

in a test pit

ASTM D5030, Standard test methods for density of soil and rock in place by the water replacement method

in a test pit

DIN 18125-2, Soil investigation and testing — Determination of density of soil — Part 2: Field tests

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http:// www .iso .org/ obp
3.1
dry bulk density
ratio of the oven-dry mass of the solids to the volume of the soil

Note 1 to entry: The bulk volume includes the volume of the solids and of the pore space.

Note 2 to entry: The preferred SI unit of measurement is kilograms per cubic metre (kg · m ), but grams per

-3 -3 -3

cubic centimetre (g · cm ) is also very common. Note that x g · cm = 1 000 x kg · m .

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 11272:2017
ISO 11272:2017(E)
4 Test procedures
4.1 Core method
4.1.1 Principle

This method is applicable to stoneless and slightly stony soils. Core samples of known volume are taken

with a metal sampling tool. The sample is dried in an oven and weighed, and the dry bulk density is

calculated.
4.1.2 Apparatus
3 3

4.1.2.1 Core sample holders, thin-walled metal cylinders with a volume of 100 cm to 400 cm , a

steel cap for driving into the soil, and a driver.

4.1.2.2 Oven, heated and ventilated, capable of maintaining a temperature of (105 ± 2) °C.

4.1.2.3 Desiccator, sealed chamber in which the air is kept dry with the aid of silica gel or other

desiccant.

4.1.2.4 Laboratory balance, capable of weighing to an accuracy of 1/1 000 of the measured value.

4.1.3 Sampling and drying

Press or drive a core sample holder (4.1.2.1) of known volume without deflection and compaction into

either a vertical or horizontal soil surface far enough to fill the sampler. Carefully remove the sample

holder and its contents to preserve the natural structure, and trim the soil extending beyond each end

of the sample holder with a straight-edged knife or sharp spatula. The soil sample volume is thus equal

to the volume of the sample holder. Take at least six core samples from each soil layer. Place the holders

containing the samples in an oven (4.1.2.2) at 105 °C until constant mass is reached.

NOTE 1 In most cases, constant mass is reached after 48 h drying.

Remove the samples from the oven and allow them to cool in the desiccator (4.1.2.3). Weigh the samples

on the balance (4.1.2.4) immediately after removal from the desiccator (m ). Control mass is reached

when the differences in successive weighings of the cooled sample, at intervals of 4 h, d

...

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