Child care articles - Table mounted chairs - Safety requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies safety requirements and test methods for table mounted chairs, intended for children who are able to sit unaided up to a maximum weight of 15 kg.

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Tischhängesitze - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Tischhängesitze fest, die für Kinder bis zu einem Höchstgewicht von 15 kg bestimmt sind und die ohne fremde Hilfe sitzen können.

Articles de puériculture - Sièges de table - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences de sécurité et les méthodes d’essai relatives aux sièges de table destinés aux enfants capables de se tenir assis tous seuls, jusqu’à un poids maximum de 15 kg.

Izdelki za otroke - Stoli, ki se pritrdijo na mizo - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa varnostne zahteve in ustrezne preskusne metode za stole, ki se pritrdijo na mizo, namenjene za otroke, ki lahko sedijo samostojno (starost približno 6 mesecev) ali so težki vključno do 15 kg. Ta evropski standard obravnava samo varnost in ne določa posameznih zasnov ali metod izdelave za same stole, ki se pritrdijo na mizo.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
23-May-2017
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
24-May-2017
Completion Date
24-May-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Izdelki za otroke - Stoli, ki se pritrdijo na mizo - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metodeArtikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Tischhängesitze - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenArticles de puériculture - Sièges de table - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essaiChild care articles - Table mounted chairs - Safety requirements and test methods97.190Otroška opremaEquipment for children97.140PohištvoFurnitureICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1272:2017SIST EN 1272:2017en,fr,de01-julij-2017SIST EN 1272:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 1272:20021DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1272:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1272
May
t r s y ICS
{ yä s v râ
{ yä s { r Supersedes EN
s t y tã s { { zEnglish Version

Child care articles æ Table mounted chairs æ Safety requirements and test methods Articles de puériculture æ Sièges de table æ Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d 5essai

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder æ Tischhängesitze æ Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s y March
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s y CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s t y tã t r s y ESIST EN 1272:2017

EN 1272:2017 (E) 2 Contents PageEuropean foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6 4 Test equipment ................................................................................................................................................ 7 4.1 Test probes for finger entrapment ........................................................................................................... 7 Figure 1 — Test probes with hemispherical end ............................................................................................... 7 Figure 2 — Test probe for mesh with hemispherical end .............................................................................. 8 4.2 Test masses ....................................................................................................................................................... 8 4.2.1 Test mass A ........................................................................................................................................................ 8 Figure 3 — Test mass A ............................................................................................................................................... 8 4.2.2 Test mass B ........................................................................................................................................................ 9 Figure 4 — Test mass B ............................................................................................................................................... 9 4.2.3 Test mass C ........................................................................................................................................................ 9 Figure 5 — Test mass C ............................................................................................................................................. 10 4.3 Small torso probe ......................................................................................................................................... 10 Figure 6 — Small torso probe ................................................................................................................................ 10 4.4 Test foam ......................................................................................................................................................... 11 4.5 Small parts cylinder .................................................................................................................................... 11 Figure 7 — Small parts cylinder ............................................................................................................................ 11 4.6 Feeler gauge ................................................................................................................................................... 11 Figure 8 — Feeler gauge ........................................................................................................................................... 11 4.7 Test surface .................................................................................................................................................... 12 4.8 Loading pad .................................................................................................................................................... 12 4.9 Bouncing test machine ............................................................................................................................... 12 4.10 Test bar ............................................................................................................................................................ 12 5 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12 5.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 12 5.2 Product conditioning .................................................................................................................................. 12 5.3 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 12 5.4 Application of forces ................................................................................................................................... 13 5.5 Tolerances ...................................................................................................................................................... 13 5.6 Order of test ................................................................................................................................................... 13 6 Chemical hazards ......................................................................................................................................... 13 6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13 6.2 Migration of certain elements (see A.2) ............................................................................................... 13 Table 1 — Limits for heavy metals migration .................................................................................................. 13 6.3 Formaldehyde (see A.2) ............................................................................................................................. 14 6.4 Colorants and primary aromatic amines (see A.2) .......................................................................... 14 Table 2 — Colourants limits ................................................................................................................................... 15 SIST EN 1272:2017

EN 1272:2017 (E) 3 Table 3 — Primary aromatic amines limits....................................................................................................... 15 7 Thermal hazards (see A.3) ........................................................................................................................ 15 7.1 Requirement ................................................................................................................................................... 15 7.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 16 8 Mechanical hazards (see A.4) ................................................................................................................... 16 8.1 Hazards due to folding or dismantling of the product .................................................................... 16 8.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 8.1.2 Removable seat unit .................................................................................................................................... 16 8.2 Entrapment hazards (see A.4.1) .............................................................................................................. 16 8.2.1 Entrapment of fingers ................................................................................................................................. 16 8.2.2 Entrapment of head ..................................................................................................................................... 17 8.3 Hazards due to moving parts (see A.4.2) ............................................................................................. 17 8.3.1 Requirements for compression points ................................................................................................. 17 8.3.2 Requirements for shear points ................................................................................................................ 17 8.4 Entanglement hazards (see A.4.3) .......................................................................................................... 18 8.4.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 18 Figure 9 —

Examples of measuring cords, ribbons or similar parts ....................................................... 18 8.4.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 18 8.5 Choking and ingestion hazards (see A.4.4) ......................................................................................... 19 8.5.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 19 8.5.2 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 19 8.6 Suffocation hazards (see A.4.5) ............................................................................................................... 20 8.6.1 Plastic packaging - Requirement ............................................................................................................ 20 8.6.2 Plastic decals .................................................................................................................................................. 20 8.7 Hazardous edges, corners and protruding parts (see A.4.6) ........................................................ 20 8.8 Hazards from inadequate structural integrity (see A.4.7) ............................................................ 20 8.8.1 Static strength ................................................................................................................................................ 20 8.8.2 Dynamic strength ......................................................................................................................................... 21 8.8.3 Slippage of anchoring supports ............................................................................................................... 21 Figure 10 — Test method for anchoring support ............................................................................................ 22 8.8.4 Bouncing performance ............................................................................................................................... 22 8.9 Hazards due to falling ................................................................................................................................. 23 8.9.1 Footrests .......................................................................................................................................................... 23 8.9.2 Restraint system ........................................................................................................................................... 23 8.9.3 Lateral protection and backrest height ................................................................................................ 24 Figure 11 — Measurement of lateral protection and backrest height .................................................... 24 9 Product information .................................................................................................................................... 25 9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25 9.2 Marking of the product ............................................................................................................................... 25 9.2.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 25 9.2.2 Durability of marking .................................................................................................................................. 25 9.2.3 Test method for durability of marking ................................................................................................. 25 9.3 Purchase information ................................................................................................................................. 25 Figure 12 — Symbol for age and weight range ................................................................................................. 26 9.4 Instructions for use ...................................................................................................................................... 26 Annex A (informative)

Rationales ....................................................................................................................... 28 A.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 28 A.2 Chemical hazards (see Clause 6) ............................................................................................................. 28 SIST EN 1272:2017

EN 1272:2017 (E) 4 A.3 Thermal hazards (see Clause 7) .............................................................................................................. 28 A.4 Mechanical hazards (see Clause 8) ........................................................................................................ 28 A.4.1 Entrapment hazards (8.2) ......................................................................................................................... 28 A.4.2 Hazards due to moving parts (8.3) ........................................................................................................ 29 A.4.3 Entanglement hazards (8.4) ..................................................................................................................... 29 A.4.4 Choking and ingestion hazards (8.5) .................................................................................................... 29 A.4.5 Suffocation hazards (8.6) .......................................................................................................................... 29 A.4.6 Hazardous edges, corners and protruding parts (8.7) ................................................................... 29 A.4.7 Hazards from inadequate structural integrity (8.8) ....................................................................... 29 A.4.8 Hazards due to falling (8.9) ...................................................................................................................... 29 Annex B (normative)

Warnings ........................................................................................................................... 30 Table B.1 — Translation of warning phrases ................................................................................................... 30 Annex C (informative)

A–deviations .................................................................................................................. 35 SIST EN 1272:2017

EN 1272:2017 (E) 5 European foreword This document (EN 1272:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 252 “Child use and care articles”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2017, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by May 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 1272:1998. This document has been prepared under a mandate M/527 given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. EN 1272:201 includes the following significant technical changes with respect to EN 1272:1998: — full rewrite of the standard in hazard based approach; — updating of definitions; — updating of requirements and test methods to the latest state of the art adopted on other child care article standards; — updating of heavy metals requirements and introduction of formaldehyde requirements; — modification of thermal hazards by addition of requirements for flame propagation; — introduction of requirements and test methods to prevent feet-first head entrapment; — updating of restraint system requirements; — modification of bouncing performance requirements and test method. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 1272:2017

EN 1272:2017 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies safety requirements and test methods for table mounted chairs, intended for children who are able to sit unaided up to a maximum weight of 15 kg. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, Safety of toys - Part 2: Flammability EN 71-3, Safety of toys - Part 3: Migration of certain elements EN 71-10:2005, Safety of toys - Part 10: Organic chemical compounds - Sample preparation and extraction EN 71-11, Safety of toys - Part 11: Organic chemical compounds - Methods of analysis EN 20105-A03, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part A03: Grey scale for assessing staining (ISO 105-A03:1993) EN 717-1, Wood-based panels - Determination of formaldehyde release - Part 1: Formaldehyde emission by the chamber method EN 622-1, Fibreboards - Specifications - Part 1: General requirements EN ISO 14184-1, Textiles - Determination of formaldehyde - Part 1: Free and hydrolysed formaldehyde (water extraction method) (ISO 14184-1) EN ISO 2439:2008, Flexible cellular polymeric materials - Determination of hardness (indentation technique) (ISO 2439:2008) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 table mounted chair chair used for children that is intended to be attached to a table 3.2 restraint system system to restrain the child within the table mounted chair 3.3 waist restraint part of the restraint system that restrains the child in the waist area 3.4 crotch restraint part of the restraint system that fits between the child’s legs SIST EN 1272:2017

EN 1272:2017 (E) 7 3.5 anchoring supports devices designed to fix the table mounted chair to the table 3.6 folding system assembly of parts which enables the structure of the table mounted chair to be changed from an unfolded position to a folded position and vice versa under the control of the carer 3.7 seat unit part of the product comprising the sitting surface, backrest and lateral protection 4 Test equipment 4.1 Test probes for finger entrapment Probes (see Figure 1) made from plastics or other hard, smooth material of diameters ()0-0,17 mm and ()0,1012+ mm with a full hemispherical end that can be mounted on a force-measuring device. Probe for mesh made from plastics or other hard, smooth material, with a full hemispherical end and dimensions as stated in Figure 2, that can be mounted on a force-measuring device. Dimensions in millimetres

Key Probe type 7 mm probe 12 mm probe Diameter A 0-0,17 0,1012+ Radius RB half of diameter A half of diameter A 1 Line scribed around circumference showing depth of penetration Figure 1 — Test probes with hemispherical end SIST EN 1272:2017

EN 1272:2017 (E) 8 Dimensions in millimetres

Key Probe type Mesh probe Diameter A 00,17− Diameter B 00,15,6− Radius RB half of diameter B Figure 2 — Test probe for mesh with hemispherical end 4.2 Test masses 4.2.1 Test mass A A rigid cylinder (160 ± 5) mm in diameter and (300 ± 5) mm in height, having a mass of 9 kg and with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a radius of (5 ± 1) mm. Two anchorage points shall be provided. These shall be positioned (150 ± 2,5) mm from the base and at 180° to each other around the circumference (see Figure 3). Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 Radius: (5 ± 1) mm 2 Two anchorage points Figure 3 — Test mass A SIST EN 1272:2017

EN 1272:2017 (E) 9 4.2.2 Test mass B A rigid cylinder (200 ± 5) mm in diameter and (300 ± 5) mm in height, having a mass of 15 kg and with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a radius of (5 ± 1) mm. Two anchorage points shall be provided. These shall be positioned (150 ± 2,5) mm from the base and at 180° to each other around the circumference (see Figure 4). Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 Radius: (5 ± 1) mm 2 Two anchorage points Figure 4 — Test mass B 4.2.3 Test mass C A steel rectangular mass AA1B1B

120 mm × 150 mm of 9 kg mass (see Figure 5). SIST EN 1272:2017
EN 1272:2017 (E) 10 Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 5 — Test mass C 4.3 Small torso probe The small torso probe shall be made from plastics or other hard, smooth material with dimensions as shown in Figure 6. Dimensions in millimetres

a) Top view b) Side view Key 1 Handle a 86 b 40 c 120 Figure 6 — Small torso probe SIST EN 1272:2017

EN 1272:2017 (E) 11 4.4 Test foam Soft foam sheet (for example polyurethane) having a thickness of 25 mm with a bulk density of 35 kg/m3 ± 10 % and an indentation hardness index of 170 ± 40 according to EN ISO 2439:2008, A.40. 4.5 Small parts cylinder Small parts cylinder for the assessment of small components, having dimensions in accordance with Figure 7. Dimension in millimetres

Figure 7 — Small parts cylinder 4.6 Feeler gauge Gauge with a thickness of (0,4 ± 0,02) mm and an insertion edge radius of (3 ± 0,5) mm (Figure 8). Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 8 — Feeler gauge SIST EN 1272:2017

EN 1272:2017 (E) 12 4.7 Test surface The support structure shall be a rigid horizontal shiny (untextured) plastics laminated chipboard with a square edge and of a length and width sufficient to accommodate the table mounted chair. Two support structures shall be used for each test, one having the minimum thickness and one having the maximum thickness specified in the manufacturer’s instructions. 4.8 Loading pad A rigid circular object, 100 mm in diameter with a flat face and 12 mm edge radius. It shall be free to pivot (e.g. mounted on a ball joint). 4.9 Bouncing test machine A device which can apply a repeated upward force capable of raising test masses with a loading pad (4.8) intended to transmit impulses to the underside of the sitting surface with a cycle time of (60 ± 3) s per 60 cycles at constant interval. The device shall be capable of applying an upward force from the rest position up to (5 ± 2) mm above the rest position and of moving up to 20 mm below the rest position. The loading pad (4.8) shall not remain in contact with the sitting surface during downward movement. 4.10 Test bar A metal bar having a length at least the width of the table mounted chair, a cross section of 25 mm × 25 mm and with a mass of 750 g. 5 General 5.1 General requirements If the product has more than one function covered by different European Standards, the relevant European Standards shall apply. 5.2 Product conditioning Before testing, any fabrics used shall be cleaned or washed and dried twice in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. After the conditioning any fabrics shall be reassembled on the product in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. The sample shall be conditioned at a temperature of (23 ± 5) °C for at least 2 h prior to tests. 5.3 Test conditions The tests shall be carried out at a temperature of (20 ± 5) °C. The tests are designed to be applied to a table mounted chair that is fully assembled according to manufacturer’s instructions and ready for use. If the instructions allow for different adjustments or configurations of components (e.g. inclination of the backrest), the most onerous combination shall be used for each test, unless otherwise specified in the test method. Each requirement where attachment of the table mounted chair on the test surface is necessary should be assessed by attaching the table mounted chair both on the minimum and maximum thickness surfaces (see 4.7). SIST EN 1272:2017

EN 1272:2017 (E) 13 5.4 Application of forces The forces in the static load tests shall be applied sufficiently slowly to ensure that negligible dynamic force is applied. 5.5 Tolerances Unless otherwise stated, the following tolerances apply: — Forces: ±5 % of the nominal force; — Masses: ±0,5 % of the nominal mass; — Dimensions: ±1,0 mm of the nominal dimension; — Angles: ±2° of the nominal angle; — Positioning of loading pads: ±5 mm; — Duration of forces: ±1 s.

The tests are described in terms of the application of forces. Masses can however be used: 1 kg mass may be used for 10 N force. Unless otherwise specified, the test forces may be applied by any suitable device which does not adversely affect the results. 5.6 Order of test Unless otherwise stated the requirements of Clause 8 shall be assessed on the same table mounted chair in the order listed in this standard. 6 Chemical hazards 6.1 General If testing is required, a separate unconditioned sample shall be used for the tests in Clause 6. 6.2 Migration of certain elements (see A.2) The migration of elements from materials on exterior surfaces shall not exceed the limits listed in Table 1. Table 1 — Limits for heavy metals migration Element mg/kg Aluminium 70 000 Antimony 560 Arsenic 47 Barium 18 750 Boron 15 000 Cadmium 17 Chromium (III) 460 Chromium (VI) 0,2 SIST EN 1272:2017

EN 1272:2017 (E) 14 Element mg/kg Cobalt 130 Copper 7 700 Lead 160 Manganese 15 000 Mercury 94 Nickel 930 Selenium 460 Strontium 56 000 Tin 180 000 Organic tin 12 Zinc 46 000 When testing is performed, the method described in EN 71-3 shall be used. Materials on the back of the backrest and the surface under the sitting surface are excluded from these requirements. 6.3 Formaldehyde (see A.2) Accessible textile components shall not contain free and hydrolyzed formaldehyde in excess of 30 mg/kg. When

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