Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-49: Particular requirements for commercial electric appliances for keeping food and crockery warm

Deals with the safety of electrically operated commercial hot cupboards not intended for household use. The rated voltage being not more than 250 V for single-phase appliances connected between one phase and neutral, and 480 V for other appliances. Hot cupboards with heated tops, heated display cases, heated crockery dispensers and heated shelves and tables are also within the scope of this standard. The appliances within the scope of this standard are typically used in restaurants, canteens, hospitals and similar commercial enterprises. The electrical part of appliances making use of other forms of energy is also within the scope of this standard.

Sicherheit elektrischer Geräte für den Hausgebrauch und ähnliche Zwecke - Teil 2-49: Besondere Anforderungen für elektrische Geräte zum Warmhalten von Nahrungsmitteln und Geschirr für den gewerblichen Gebrauch

Appareils électrodomestiques et analogues - Sécurité - Partie 2-49: Règles particulières pour les appareils électriques à usage collectif destinés à maintenir au chaud les aliments et la vaisselle

Traite de la sécurité des armoires chauffantes électriques à usage collectif, qui ne sont pas destinées aux usages domestiques, dont la tension assignée n'est pas supérieure à 250 V pour les appareils monophasés alimentés entre phase et neutre et 480 V pour les autres appareils. Les armoires chauffantes avec dessus chauffants, les comptoirs de distribution chauffants, les distributeurs de vaisselle chaude et les étagères et tables chauffantes sont également compris dans le domaine d'application de la présente norme. Ces appareils sont utilisés, par exemple, dans les restaurants, les cantines, les hôpitaux, et entreprises commerciales similaires. La partie électrique des appareils utilisant d'autres formes d'énergie entre également dans le domaine d'application de la présente norme.

Gospodinjski in podobni električni aparati - Varnost - 2-49. del: Posebne zahteve za komercialne gostinske električne grelne omare (IEC 60335-2-49:2002) (vsebuje popravek AC:2007)

Standard obravnava varnost električno upravljanih komercialnih grelnih omar, ki niso namenjene gospodinjski uporabi. Nazivna napetost mora biti manjša od 250 V za enofazne aparate, priključene med fazo in nevtralni vodnik, in 480 V za ostale aparate. Tudi grelne omare z ogrevanim vrhnjim delom, ogrevanimi vitrinami, ogrevanimi delilniki posode ter ogrevanimi policami in mizami spadajo v področje uporabe tega standarda. Aparati, ki spadajo v področje uporabe tega standarda, se običajno uporabljajo v restavracijah, menzah, bolnišnicah in podobnih komercialnih podjetjih. Tudi električni del aparatov, ki uporabljajo druge vire energije, spada v področje uporabe tega standarda.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-Mar-2003
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
11-Mar-2003
Completion Date
11-Mar-2003

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
01-september-2003
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SIST EN 60335-2-49:2001
SIST EN 60335-2-50:2001

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Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety -- Part 2-49: Particular requirements

for commercial electric hot cupboards

Sicherheit elektrischer Geräte für den Hausgebrauch und ähnliche Zwecke -- Teil 2-49:

Besondere Anforderungen für elektrische Wärmeschränke für den gewerblichen
Gebrauch

Appareils électrodomestiques et analogues - Sécurité -- Partie 2-49: Règles particulières

pour les armoires chauffantes électriques à usage collectif
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 60335-2-49:2003
ICS:
97.040.50 Majhni gospodinjski aparati Small kitchen appliances
SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 60335-2-49
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM March 2003
ICS 97.030 Supersedes EN 60335-2-49:2000
Incorporates Corrigendum September 2007
English version
Household and similar electrical appliances –
Safety
Part 2-49: Particular requirements for commercial electric hot cupboards
(IEC 60335-2-49:2002)
Appareils électrodomestiques Sicherheit elektrischer Geräte für den
et analogues – Hausgebrauch und ähnliche Zwecke
Sécurité Teil 2-49: Besondere Anforderungen
Partie 2-49: Règles particulières für elektrische Wärmeschränke
pour les armoires chauffantes électriques für den gewerblichen Gebrauch
à usage collectif (IEC 60335-2-49:2002)
(CEI 60335-2-49:2002)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2003-02-01. CENELEC members are bound to

comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the Central Secretariat or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and

notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic,

Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 35, B - 1050 Brussels

© 2003 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 60335-2-49:2003 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
EN 60335-2-49:2003 - 2 -
Foreword

The text of document 61E/404/FDIS, future fourth edition of IEC 60335-2-49, prepared by SC 61E of the

IEC Technical Committee 61, was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and was approved by

CENELEC as EN 60335-2-49 on 2003-02-01.
This European Standard replaces EN 60335-2-49:2000.
The following dates are applicable:
- latest date by which the EN has to be implemented
at national level by publication of an identical
national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2003-11-01
- date on which national standards
conflicting with the EN have to be withdrawn (dow) 2006-02-01

This part 2 has to be used in conjunction with EN 60335-1, Household and similar electrical appliances –

Safety – Part 1: General requirements. It was established on the basis of the 2002 edition of that standard.

Amendments and revisions of Part 1 have also to be taken into account and the dates when such changes

become applicable will be stated in the relevant amendment or revision of Part 1.

This part 2 supplements or modifies the corresponding clauses of EN 60335-1, so as to convert it into the

European Standard: Safety requirements for commercial electric hot cupboards.

When a particular subclause of Part 1 is not mentioned in this part 2, that subclause applies as far as is

reasonable. When this standard states "addition", "modification" or "replacement", the relevant text of

Part 1 is to be adapted accordingly.
NOTE 1 The following numbering system is used:

- subclauses, tables and figures that are numbered starting from 101 are additional to those in Part 1;

- unless notes are in a new subclause or involve notes in Part 1, they are numbered starting from 101, including those in a

replaced clause or subclause;
- additional annexes are lettered AA, BB, etc.;

- subclauses, notes and annexes that are additional to those in the IEC standard are prefixed with the letter Z.

NOTE 2 The following print types are used:
- requirements: in roman type;
- test specifications: in italic type;
- notes: in small roman type.

Words in bold in the text are defined in Clause 3. When a definition concerns an adjective, the adjective and the associated noun

are also in bold.

There are no special national conditions causing a deviation from this European Standard, other than

those listed in Annex ZA to EN 60335-1.

There are no national deviations from this European Standard, other than those listed in Annex ZB to

EN 60335-1.

The contents of the corrigendum of September 2007 have been included in this copy.

p NOTE In this document, p is used in the margin to indicate instructions for preparing the printed version.

_____________
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
- 3 - EN 60335-2-49:2003
Introduction
p Add:

An investigation by CENELEC TC 61 has shown that all risks from products within the scope of this

standard are fully covered by the Low Voltage Directive, 73/23/EEC. For products having mechanical

moving parts, a risk assessment in accordance with the Machinery Directive, 98/37/EC, has shown that

the risks are mainly of electrical origin and consequently this directive is not applicable. However, the

relevant essential safety requirements of the Machinery Directive are covered by this standard together

with the principal objectives of the Low Voltage Directive.
____________
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 60335-2-49:2002 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.
____________
Annex ZC
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
1) 2)
IEC 60436 – Methods for measuring the performance
of electric dishwashers
____________
undated reference.

EN 50242:1998, which is related to, but not directly equivalent with, IEC 60436:1981, applies instead.

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
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SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
IEC 60335-2-49
Edition 4.0 2002-11
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety –
Part 2-49: Particular requirements for commercial electric hot cupboards
Appareils électrodomestiques et analogues – Sécurité –
Partie 2-49: Règles particulières pour les armoires chauffantes électriques à
usage domestique
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX
ICS 97.030 ISBN 2-8318-7981-7
® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
60335-2-49 © IEC:2002 – 3 –
CONTENTS

FOREWORD...........................................................................................................................5

INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................9

1 Scope.............................................................................................................................11

2 Normative references .....................................................................................................11

3 Definitions ......................................................................................................................13

4 General requirement.......................................................................................................13

5 General conditions for the tests ......................................................................................15

6 Classification..................................................................................................................15

7 Marking and instructions.................................................................................................15

8 Protection against access to live parts............................................................................19

9 Starting of motor-operated appliances ............................................................................19

10 Power input and current .................................................................................................19

11 Heating ..........................................................................................................................19

12 Void................................................................................................................................21

13 Leakage current and electric strength at operating temperature......................................21

14 Transient overvoltages ...................................................................................................21

15 Moisture resistance ........................................................................................................21

16 Leakage current and electric strength.............................................................................25

17 Overload protection of transformers and associated circuits ...........................................25

18 Endurance......................................................................................................................25

19 Abnormal operation ........................................................................................................25

20 Stability and mechanical hazards ...................................................................................27

21 Mechanical strength .......................................................................................................29

22 Construction ...................................................................................................................29

23 Internal wiring.................................................................................................................31

24 Components ...................................................................................................................31

25 Supply connection and external flexible cords ................................................................31

26 Terminals for external conductors...................................................................................33

27 Provision for earthing .....................................................................................................33

28 Screws and connections .................................................................................................35

29 Clearances, creepage distances and solid insulation ......................................................35

30 Resistance to heat and fire.............................................................................................35

31 Resistance to rusting......................................................................................................35

32 Radiation, toxicity and similar hazards............................................................................35

Annexes ...............................................................................................................................39

Annex N (normative) Proof tracking test...............................................................................39

Bibliography..........................................................................................................................39

Figure 101 – Splash apparatus .............................................................................................37

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SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
60335-2-49 © IEC:2002 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
HOUSEHOLD AND SIMILAR ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES –
SAFETY –
Part 2-49: Particular requirements
for commercial electric hot cupboards
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC provides no marking procedure to indicate its approval and cannot be rendered responsible for any

equipment declared to be in conformity with an IEC Publication.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This part of International Standard IEC 60335 has been prepared by IEC subcommittee 61E:

Safety of electrical commercial catering equipment, of IEC technical committee 61: Safety of

household and similar electrical appliances.

This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 2000. It constitutes a

technical revision.

This bilingual version, published in 2005-06, corresponds to the English version.

The text of this part of IEC 60335 is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
61E/404/FDIS 61E/416/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
60335-2-49 © IEC:2002 – 7 –
The French version of this standard has not been voted upon.

This part 2 is to be used in conjunction with the latest edition of IEC 60335-1 and its

amendments. It was established on the basis of the fourth edition (2001) of that standard.

NOTE 1 When “Part 1” is mentioned in this standard, it refers to IEC 60335-1.

This part 2 supplements or modifies the corresponding clauses in IEC 60335-1, so as to

convert that publication into the IEC standard: Safety requirements for commercial electric hot

cupboards.

When a particular subclause of Part 1 is not mentioned in this part 2, that subclause applies

as far as is reasonable. When this standard states "addition", "modification" or "replacement", the

relevant text in Part 1 is to be adapted accordingly.
NOTE 2 The following numbering system is used:

– subclauses, tables and figures that are numbered starting from 101 are additional to those in Part 1;

– unless notes are in a new subclause or involve notes in Part 1, they are numbered starting from 101, including

those in a replaced clause or subclause;
– additional annexes are lettered AA, BB, etc.
NOTE 3 The following print types are used:
– requirements: in roman type;
– test specifications: in italic type;
– notes: in small roman type.

Words in bold in the text are defined in Clause 3. When a definition of Part 1 concerns an adjective, the

adjective and the associated noun are also in bold .
The following differences exist in the countries indicated below.
– 6.1: Class 01 appliances are allowed (Japan).

– 6.2: For appliances intended to be installed in a kitchen, an appropriate degree of protection against harmful

ingress of water is required according to their height of installation (France).
– 13.2: Leakage current limits are different (Japan).

– Clause 21: For appliances intended to be installed in a kitchen, different values of impact energy are

applicable according to the height of the impact point (France).

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the maintenance result date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in

the data related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be

• reconfirmed;
• withdrawn;
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
60335-2-49 © IEC:2002 – 9 –
INTRODUCTION

It has been assumed in the drafting of this International Standard that the execution of its

provisions is entrusted to appropriately qualified and experienced persons.

This standard recognizes the internationally accepted level of protection against hazards such

as electrical, mechanical, thermal, fire and radiation of appliances when operated as in

normal use taking into account the manufacturer's instructions. It also covers abnormal

situations that can be expected in practice.

This standard takes into account the requirements of IEC 60364 as far as possible so that

there is compatibility with the wiring rules when the appliance is connected to the supply

mains. However, national wiring rules may differ.

If an appliance within the scope of this standard also incorporates functions that are covered

by another part 2 of IEC 60335, the relevant part 2 is applied to each function separately, as

far as is reasonable. If applicable, the influence of one function on the other is taken into

account.

This standard is a product family standard dealing with the safety of appliances and takes

precedence over horizontal and generic standards covering the same subject.

An appliance that complies with the text of this standard will not necessarily be considered to

comply with the safety principles of the standard if, when examined and tested, it is found to

have other features that impair the level of safety covered by these requirements.

An appliance employing materials or having forms of construction differing from those detailed

in the requirements of this standard may be examined and tested according to the intent of

the requirements and, if found to be substantially equivalent, may be considered to comply

with the standard.
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SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
60335-2-49 © IEC:2002 – 11 –
HOUSEHOLD AND SIMILAR ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES –
SAFETY –
Part 2-49: Particular requirements
for commercial electric hot cupboards
1 Scope
This clause of Part 1 is replaced by the following:

This International Standard deals with the safety of electrically operated commercial hot

cupboards not intended for household use, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V for

single-phase appliances connected between one phase and neutral, and 480 V for other

appliances.

Hot cupboards with heated tops, heated display cases, heated crockery dispensers and

heated shelves and tables are also within the scope of this standard.

NOTE 101 These appliances are used, for example in restaurants, canteens, hospitals and similar commercial

enterprises.

The electrical part of appliances making use of other forms of energy is also within the scope

of this standard.

As far as is practicable, this standard deals with the common hazards presented by these

types of appliances.
NOTE 102 Attention is drawn to the fact that

− for appliances intended to be used in vehicles or on board ships or aircraft, additional requirements may be

necessary;

− in many countries additional requirements are specified by the national health authorities, the national

authorities responsible for the protection of labour, the national water supply authorities and similar authorities;

− for appliances intended to be used outdoors, additional requirements may be necessary.

NOTE 103 This standard does not apply to
− appliances designed exclusively for industrial purposes;

− appliances intended to be used in locations where special conditions prevail, such as the presence of a

corrosive or explosive atmosphere (dust, vapour or gas);
− continuous process appliances for the mass production of food;
− bains-marie (IEC 60335-2-50).
2 Normative references
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
Addition:
IEC 60436, Methods for measuring the performance of electric dishwashers
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SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
60335-2-49 © IEC:2002 – 13 –
3 Definitions
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
3.1.4 Addition:

NOTE 101 The rated power input is the sum of the power inputs of all the individual elements in the appliance

that can be on at one time; where there are several such combinations possible, that giving the highest power input

is used in determining the rated power input.
3.1.9 Replacement:
normal operation
operation of the appliance under the following conditions

Appliances are operated empty and with any controls intended to be operated by the user set

at the maximum.

If the appliance cannot be operated empty, then the manufacturer's instructions are taken into

account.
Doors, covers or lids, if any, are placed in their intended positions.

Motors incorporated in the appliance are operated in the intended manner under the most

severe conditions that can be expected in normal use taking into account the manufacturer's

instructions.
3.101
hot cupboard

an appliance that is used for maintaining the temperature of hot food and for the warming of

crockery
3.102
heated top

the top surface of a hot cupboard, that is designed to maintain the required temperature. It

may be heated indirectly by the hot cupboard heating elements or directly by separate

heating elements
3.103
heated display case

a hot cupboard in which food is displayed, the heated food being served from the display

3.104
heated crockery dispenser

an appliance designed specifically for the storage, warming and dispensing of plates, etc.

3.105
installation wall

a special fixed construction containing supply facilities for appliances installed in conjunction

with it
4 General requirement
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
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SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
60335-2-49 © IEC:2002 – 15 –
5 General conditions for the tests
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
5.10 Addition:

Appliances intended for installation in a bank of other appliances and appliances intended to

be fixed to an installation wall are enclosed to obtain protection against electric shock and

harmful ingress of water equivalent to that obtained when installed in accordance with the

instructions provided with the appliance.

NOTE 101 Appropriate enclosures or additional appliances may be needed for test purposes.

5.101 Appliances are tested as heating appliances, even if they incorporate a motor.

5.102 Appliances, when assembled in combination with or incorporating other appliances,

are tested in accordance with the requirements of this standard. The other appliances are

operated simultaneously in accordance with the requirements of the relevant standards.

6 Classification
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
6.1 Replacement:
Appliances shall be class I with respect to protection against electric shock.
Compliance is checked by inspection and by the relevant tests.
7 Marking and instructions
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
7.1 Addition:

In addition, appliances shall be marked with the water pressure or range of pressures, in

kilopascals (kPa), for appliances intended to be connected to a water supply, unless this is

indicated in the instructions.
7.6 Addition:
[symbol 5021 of IEC 60417-1] equipotentiality
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
60335-2-49 © IEC:2002 – 17 –
7.12 Addition:

The instructions of appliances provided with wheels or similar means shall also state the

maximum load, in kilograms (kg), of the appliance.

If symbol 5021 of IEC 60417-1 is marked on the appliance its meaning shall be explained.

7.12.1 Replacement:

The appliance shall be accompanied by instructions detailing any special precautions

necessary for installation. For appliances intended for installation in a bank of other

appliances and appliances intended to be fixed to an installation wall, details of how to

ensure appropriate protection against electric shock and harmful ingress of water shall be

supplied. If the controls of more than one appliance are combined in a separate enclosure,

detailed installation instructions shall be supplied. Instructions for user maintenance, for

example cleaning, shall also be given. They shall include a statement that the appliance is not

to be cleaned with a water jet.

For appliances that are permanently connected to fixed wiring and for which leakage currents

may exceed 10 mA, particularly if disconnected or not used for long periods, or during initial

installation, the instruction sheet shall give recommendations regarding the rating of

protective devices, such as earth leakage relays, to be installed.
Compliance is checked by inspection.
7.12.4 Addition:

The instructions for built-in appliances having a separate control panel for several

appliances shall state that the control panel is only to be connected to the specified

appliances in order to avoid a possible hazard.
7.15 Addition:

When it is not practical to place the marking of fixed appliances so that it is visible after the

appliance has been installed, the relevant information shall also be included in the

instructions for use or on an additional label that can be fixed near the appliance after

installation.
NOTE 101 An example of such a fixed appliance is a built-in appliance.

7.101 Equipotential bonding terminals shall be marked with symbol 5021 of IEC 60417-1.

These markings shall not be placed on screws, removable washers or other parts that can be

removed when conductors are being connected.
Compliance is checked by inspection.
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN 60335-2-49:2003
60335-2-49 © IEC:2002 – 19 –
8 Protection against access to live parts
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
9 Starting of motor-operated appliances
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.

9.101 Fan motors providing a cooling effect in order to comply with the requirements of

Clause 11 shall start unde
...

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