Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and interactive services - Part 3: Active wideband equipment for cable networks (TA 5)

NEW!IEC 60728-3:2017 is available as IEC 60728-3:2017 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60728-3:2017 specifies the measuring methods, performance requirements and data publication requirements for active wideband equipment of cable networks for television signals, sound signals and interactive services. This fifth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition published in 2010. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) extension of upper frequency range limit for cable network equipment in the forward path from 1 000 MHz to 1 218 MHz (optional up to 1 794 MHz); b) extension of upper frequency range limit for cable network equipment in the return path from 85 MHz to 204 MHz; c) integration and update of IEC 60728-3-1 content; d) integration and update of the Technical Specification CLC/TS 50083-3-3 content; e) deletion of specifications and test methods for obsolete analogue parameters; f) additional normative references; g) additional terms and definitions and abbreviations.

Kabelnetze für Fernsehsignale, Tonsignale und interaktive Dienste - Teil 3: Aktive Breitbandgeräte für Kabelnetze

Réseaux de distribution par câbles pour signaux de télévision, signaux de radiodiffusion sonore et services interactifs - Partie 3: Matériel actif à large bande pour réseaux de distribution par câbles

NEW!IEC 60728-3:2017 est disponible sous forme de IEC 60728-3:2017 RLV qui contient la Norme internationale et sa version Redline, illustrant les modifications du contenu technique depuis l'édition précédente.

Kabelska omrežja za televizijske in zvokovne signale ter interaktivne storitve - 3. del: Aktivna širokopasovna oprema za kabelska omrežja (TA 5) (IEC 60728-3:2017)

Ta del standarda IEC 60728 določa merilne metode, zahteve glede učinkovitosti in zahteve glede objave podatkov za aktivno širokopasovno opremo kabelskih omrežij za televizijske in zvokovne signale ter interaktivne storitve.
Ta dokument:
• se uporablja za vse ojačevalnike v kabelskih omrežjih;
• zajema frekvenčno območje od 5 MHz do 3000 MHz;
OPOMBA: Zgornja meja 3000 MHz je samo informativna, ne predpisana vrednost.
• uporablja se za enosmerno ali dvosmerno opremo;
• določa osnovne metode meritve značilnosti delovanja aktivne opreme za namene ocenjevanja učinkovitosti te opreme;
• navaja specifikacije učinkovitosti delovanja, ki jih morajo objaviti proizvajalci;
• podaja minimalne zahteve glede učinkovitosti za nekatere parametre.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
22-Feb-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
15-Mar-2018

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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 60728-3:2018
01-november-2018
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 60728-3:2011
SIST EN 60728-3-1:2012
SIST-TS CLC/TS 50083-3-3:2015

Kabelska omrežja za televizijske in zvokovne signale ter interaktivne storitve - 3.

del: Aktivna širokopasovna oprema za kabelska omrežja (TA 5) (IEC 60728-3:2017)

Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and interactive services - Part 3:

Active wideband equipment for cable networks (TA 5) (IEC 60728-3:2017)

Kabelnetze für Fernsehsignale, Tonsignale und interaktive Dienste - Teil 3: Aktive

Breitbandgeräte für Kabelnetze (IEC 60728-3:2017)

Réseaux de distribution par câbles pour signaux de télévision, signaux de radiodiffusion

sonore et services interactifs - Partie 3: Matériel actif à large bande pour réseaux de

distribution par câbles (IEC 60728-3:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 60728-3:2018
ICS:
33.060.40 Kabelski razdelilni sistemi Cabled distribution systems
33.170 Televizijska in radijska Television and radio
difuzija broadcasting
SIST EN IEC 60728-3:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60728-3:2018
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60728-3:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 60728-3
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
February 2018
ICS 33.060.40; 33.170 Supersedes EN 60728-3:2011
English Version
Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and
interactive services - Part 3: Active wideband equipment for
cable networks (TA 5)
(IEC 60728-3:2017)

Réseaux de distribution par câbles pour signaux de Kabelnetze für Fernsehsignale, Tonsignale und interaktive

télévision, signaux de radiodiffusion sonore et services Dienste - Teil 3: Aktive Breitbandgeräte für Kabelnetze

interactifs - Partie 3: Matériel actif à large bande pour (IEC 60728-3:2017)
réseaux de distribution par câbles
(IEC 60728-3:2017)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2018-01-01. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 60728-3:2018 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60728-3:2018
EN IEC 60728-3:2018 (E)
European foreword

The text of document 100/2975/FDIS, future edition 5 of IEC 60728-3, prepared by technical area 5

"Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and interactive services" of IEC/TC 100 "Audio,

video and multimedia systems and equipment" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and

approved by CENELEC as EN IEC 60728-3:2018.
The following dates are fixed:
(dop) 2018-10-01
• latest date by which the document has to be
implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
• latest date by which the national (dow) 2021-01-01
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn

This document supersedes EN 60728-3:2011, EN 60728-3-1:2012 and CLC/TS 50083-3-3:2014.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 60728-3:2017 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 60728-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60728-1.
IEC 60728-6:2011 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60728-6:2011 (not modified)
IEC 60728-10 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60728-10
IEC 61169-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61169-2
IEC 61169-24 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61169-24
ISO 80416 series NOTE Harmonized in EN 80416 series
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60728-3:2018
EN IEC 60728-3:2018 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60068-1 - Environmental testing -- Part 1: General EN 60068-1 -
and guidance
IEC 60068-2-1 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-1: Tests - EN 60068-2-1 -
Test A: Cold
IEC 60068-2-2 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-2: Tests - EN 60068-2-2 -
Test B: Dry heat
IEC 60068-2-6 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-6: Tests - EN 60068-2-6 -
Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal)
IEC 60068-2-14 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-14: Tests - EN 60068-2-14 -
Test N: Change of temperature
IEC 60068-2-27 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-27: Tests - EN 60068-2-27 -
Test Ea and guidance: Shock
IEC 60068-2-30 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-30: Tests - EN 60068-2-30 -
Test Db: Damp heat, cyclic (12 h + 12 h
cycle)
IEC 60068-2-31 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-31: Tests - EN 60068-2-31 -
Test Ec: Rough handling shocks, primarily
for equipment-type specimens
IEC 60068-2-40 - Basic environmental testing procedures - EN 60068-2-40 -
Part 2: Tests. Test Z/AM: Combined
cold/low air pressure tests
IEC 60529 - Degrees of protection provided by - -
enclosures (IP Code)
IEC 60728-2 - Cable networks for television signals, EN 50083-2 -
sound signals and interactive services -
Part 2: Electromagnetic compatibility for
equipment
IEC 60728-4 - Cable networks for television signals, EN 60728-4 -
sound signals and interactive services --
Part 4: Passive wideband equipment for
coaxial cable networks
IEC 60728-5 - Cable networks for television signals, EN 60728-5 -
sound signals and interactive services -
Part 5: Headend equipment
IEC 60728-11 - Cable networks for television signals, EN 60728-11 -
sound signals and interactive services --
Part 11: Safety
IEC 61000-4-5 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part EN 61000-4-5 -
4-5: Testing and measurement techniques
- Surge immunity test
IEC 61319-1 - Interconnections of satellite receiving EN 61319-1 -
equipment -- Part 1: Europe
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60728-3:2018
EN IEC 60728-3:2018 (E)
IEC 61319-2 - Interconnections of satellite receiving - -
equipment -- Part 2: Japan
IEC 62368-1 - Audio/video, information and EN 62368-1 -
communication technology equipment --
Part 1: Safety requirements
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60728-3:2018
IEC 60728-3
Edition 5.0 2017-11
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
colour
inside
Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and interactive services
Part 3: Active wideband equipment for cable networks
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 33.060.40; 33.170 ISBN 978-2-8322-4934-5

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60728-3:2018
– 2 – IEC 60728-3:2017 © IEC 2017
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms .......................................................... 9

3.1 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................. 9

3.2 Symbols ................................................................................................................ 12

3.3 Abbreviated terms ................................................................................................. 14

4 Methods of measurement .............................................................................................. 14

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 14

4.2 Linear distortion .................................................................................................... 15

4.2.1 Return loss .................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2 Group delay variation .................................................................................... 15

4.3 Non-linear distortion.............................................................................................. 16

4.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 16

4.3.2 Types of measurements ................................................................................. 16

4.3.3 Intermodulation .............................................................................................. 17

4.3.4 Composite triple beat ..................................................................................... 19

4.3.5 Composite second order beat ........................................................................ 22

4.3.6 Method of measurement of non-linearity for pure digital channel load ............ 22

4.3.7 Hum modulation of carrier .............................................................................. 30

4.4 Noise figure .......................................................................................................... 33

4.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 33

4.4.2 Equipment required ....................................................................................... 33

4.4.3 Connection of equipment ............................................................................... 33

4.4.4 Measurement procedure ................................................................................ 34

4.5 Crosstalk attenuation ............................................................................................ 34

4.5.1 Crosstalk attenuation for loop-through ports .................................................. 34

4.5.2 Crosstalk attenuation for output ports ............................................................ 34

4.6 Measurement of noise power ratio (NPR) .............................................................. 36

4.6.1 General ......................................................................................................... 36

4.6.2 Equipment required ....................................................................................... 37

4.6.3 Connection of equipment ............................................................................... 37

4.6.4 Measurement procedure ................................................................................ 38

4.6.5 Presentation of the results ............................................................................. 38

4.7 Immunity to surge voltages ................................................................................... 39

4.7.1 General ......................................................................................................... 39

4.7.2 Equipment required ....................................................................................... 39

4.7.3 Connection of equipment ............................................................................... 39

4.7.4 Measurement procedure ................................................................................ 40

5 Equipment requirements ................................................................................................ 40

5.1 General requirements ........................................................................................... 40

5.2 Safety ................................................................................................................... 40

5.3 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ..................................................................... 40

5.4 Frequency range ................................................................................................... 40

5.5 Impedance and return loss .................................................................................... 40

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60728-3:2018
– 3 – IEC 60728-3:2017 © IEC 2017

5.6 Gain ...................................................................................................................... 41

5.6.1 Minimum and maximum gain .......................................................................... 41

5.6.2 Gain control ................................................................................................... 41

5.6.3 Slope and slope control ................................................................................. 41

5.7 Flatness ................................................................................................................ 41

5.8 Test points ............................................................................................................ 41

5.9 Noise figure .......................................................................................................... 41

5.10 Non-linear distortion.............................................................................................. 42

5.10.1 General ......................................................................................................... 42

5.10.2 Second-order distortion ................................................................................. 42

5.10.3 Third order distortion ..................................................................................... 42

5.10.4 Composite triple beat ..................................................................................... 42

5.10.5 Composite second order ................................................................................ 42

5.10.6 Maximum operating level for pure digital channel load ................................... 42

5.11 Hum modulation .................................................................................................... 43

5.12 Power supply ........................................................................................................ 43

5.13 Environmental ....................................................................................................... 43

5.13.1 General ......................................................................................................... 43

5.13.2 Transportation ............................................................................................... 43

5.13.3 Installation or maintenance ............................................................................ 43

5.13.4 Operation ...................................................................................................... 43

5.13.5 Energy efficiency of equipment ...................................................................... 44

5.14 Marking ................................................................................................................. 44

5.14.1 Marking of equipment .................................................................................... 44

5.14.2 Marking of ports ............................................................................................. 44

5.15 Requirements for multi-switches ........................................................................... 44

5.15.1 Control signals for multi-switches .................................................................. 44

5.15.2 Amplitude frequency response flatness .......................................................... 44

5.15.3 Return loss .................................................................................................... 44

5.15.4 Through loss .................................................................................................. 44

5.15.5 Isolation ......................................................................................................... 44

5.15.6 Crosstalk attenuation ..................................................................................... 44

5.15.7 Satellite IF to terrestrial signal isolation ......................................................... 45

5.16 Immunity to surge voltages ................................................................................... 45

5.16.1 Degrees of testing levels ............................................................................... 45

5.16.2 Recommendation of testing level degree ....................................................... 45

Annex A (normative) Test carriers, levels and intermodulation products ............................... 46

A.1 Two signal tests for second- and third-order products ........................................... 46

A.1.1 Intermodulation products with test signals at frequencies ƒ and ƒ ,
a b

see Table A.1 ................................................................................................ 46

A.1.2 Signal levels .................................................................................................. 46

A.2 Three signal tests for third order products – Intermodulation products with

test signals at frequencies ƒ , ƒ and ƒ , see Table A.2 and Figure A.3 .............. 47

a b c

Annex B (informative) Test frequency plan for composite triple beat (CTB), composite

second order (CSO) .............................................................................................................. 48

Annex C (informative) Measurement errors that occur due to mismatched equipment .......... 50

Annex D (informative) Examples of measurement channels ................................................. 51

D.1 Operating frequency range 110 MHz to 1 006 MHz ............................................... 51

D.2 Operating frequency range 110 MHz to 862 MHz .................................................. 51

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60728-3:2018
– 4 – IEC 60728-3:2017 © IEC 2017

D.3 Operating frequency range 258 MHz to 1 218 MHz ............................................... 51

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 52

Figure 1 – Basic arrangement of test equipment for evaluation of the ratio of signal to

intermodulation product ........................................................................................................ 18

Figure 2 – Connection of test equipment for the measurement of non-linear distortion

by composite beat ................................................................................................................. 21

Figure 3 – BER measurement test configuration ................................................................... 24

Figure 4 – CINR measurement test setup .............................................................................. 28

Figure 5 – Plot of CINR in dB curve (forward path) versus EUT channel output signal

level in dBµV ........................................................................................................................ 29

Figure 6 – Carrier/hum ratio .................................................................................................. 30

Figure 7 – Test set-up for local-powered objects ................................................................... 31

Figure 8 – Test set-up for remote-powered objects ............................................................... 31

Figure 9 – Oscilloscope display ............................................................................................ 32

Figure 10 – Measurement of noise figure .............................................................................. 33

Figure 11 – Measurement of crosstalk attenuation for loop through ports of multi-

switches................................................................................................................................ 36

Figure 12 – Characteristic of the noise filter .......................................................................... 37

Figure 13 – Test setup for the non-linearity measurement ..................................................... 37

Figure 14 – Presentation of the result of NPR ........................................................................ 39

Figure 15 – Measurement set-up for surge immunity test ...................................................... 40

Figure A.1 – An example showing products formed when 2ƒ >ƒ ....................................... 46

a b

Figure A.2 – An example showing products formed when 2ƒ < ƒ ....................................... 47

a b

Figure A.3 – Products of the form ƒ ± ƒ ± ƒ ...................................................................... 47

a b c

Figure C.1 – Error concerning return loss measurement ....................................................... 50

Figure C.2 – Maximum ripple ................................................................................................ 50

Table 1 – Measurement parameters for full channel load ...................................................... 26

Table 2 – Notch filter frequencies ......................................................................................... 37

Table 3 – Example of return loss requirements ..................................................................... 41

Table 4 – Parameters of surge voltages for different degrees of testing levels ...................... 45

Table 5 – Recommendations for degree of testing levels ...................................................... 45

Table A.1 – Intermodulation products with two signals .......................................................... 46

Table A.2 – Intermodulation products with three signals ........................................................ 47

Table B.1 – Frequency allocation plan .................................................................................. 48

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60728-3:2018
– 5 – IEC 60728-3:2017 © IEC 2017
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
CABLE NETWORKS FOR TELEVISION SIGNALS,
SOUND SIGNALS AND INTERACTIVE SERVICES –
Part 3: Active wideband equipment for cable networks
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 60728-3 has been prepared by technical area 5: Cable networks

for television signals, sound signals and interactive services of IEC technical committee 100:

Audio, video and multimedia systems and equipment.

This fifth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition published in 2010. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:

a) extension of upper frequency range limit for cable network equipment in the forward path

from 1 000 MHz to 1 218 MHz (optional up to 1 794 MHz);

b) extension of upper frequency range limit for cable network equipment in the return path

from 85 MHz to 204 MHz;
c) integration and update of IEC 60728-3-1 content;
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 60728-3:2018
– 6 – IEC 60728-3:2017 © IEC 2017

d) integration and update of the Technical Specification CLC/TS 50083-3-3 content;

e) deletion of specifications and test methods for obsolete analogue parameters;
f) additional normative references;
g) additional terms and definitions and abbreviations.
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
100/2975/FDIS 100/2990/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in

the report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The list of all the parts of the IEC 60728 series, under the general title Cable networks for

television signals, sound signals and interactive services, can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of th
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 60728-3:2018
01-november-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 60728-3:2011
SIST EN 60728-3-1:2012
SIST-TS CLC/TS 50083-3-3:2015

Kabelska omrežja za televizijske in zvokovne signale ter interaktivne storitve - 3.

del: Aktivna širokopasovna oprema za kabelska omrežja (TA 5) (IEC 60728-3:2017)

Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and interactive services - Part 3:

Active wideband equipment for cable networks (TA 5) (IEC 60728-3:2017)

Kabelnetze für Fernsehsignale, Tonsignale und interaktive Dienste - Teil 3: Aktive

Breitbandgeräte für Kabelnetze (IEC 60728-3:2017)

Réseaux de distribution par câbles pour signaux de télévision, signaux de radiodiffusion

sonore et services interactifs - Partie 3: Matériel actif à large bande pour réseaux de

distribution par câbles (IEC 60728-3:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 60728-3:2018
ICS:
33.060.40 Kabelski razdelilni sistemi Cabled distribution systems
33.170 Televizijska in radijska Television and radio
difuzija broadcasting
SIST EN 60728-3:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 60728-3:2018
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 60728-3:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 60728-3
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
February 2018
ICS 33.060.40; 33.170 Supersedes EN 60728-3:2011
English Version
Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and
interactive services - Part 3: Active wideband equipment for
cable networks (TA 5)
(IEC 60728-3:2017)

Réseaux de distribution par câbles pour signaux de Kabelnetze für Fernsehsignale, Tonsignale und interaktive

télévision, signaux de radiodiffusion sonore et services Dienste - Teil 3: Aktive Breitbandgeräte für Kabelnetze

interactifs - Partie 3: Matériel actif à large bande pour (IEC 60728-3:2017)
réseaux de distribution par câbles
(IEC 60728-3:2017)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2018-01-01. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,

Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 60728-3:2018 E
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SIST EN 60728-3:2018
EN IEC 60728-3:2018 (E)
European foreword

The text of document 100/2975/FDIS, future edition 5 of IEC 60728-3, prepared by technical area 5

"Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and interactive services" of IEC/TC 100 "Audio,

video and multimedia systems and equipment" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and

approved by CENELEC as EN IEC 60728-3:2018.
The following dates are fixed:
(dop) 2018-10-01
• latest date by which the document has to be
implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
• latest date by which the national (dow) 2021-01-01
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn

This document supersedes EN 60728-3:2011, EN 60728-3-1:2012 and CLC/TS 50083-3-3:2014.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 60728-3:2017 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

IEC 60728-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60728-1.
IEC 60728-6:2011 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60728-6:2011 (not modified)
IEC 60728-10 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60728-10
IEC 61169-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61169-2
IEC 61169-24 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61169-24
ISO 80416 series NOTE Harmonized in EN 80416 series
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SIST EN 60728-3:2018
EN IEC 60728-3:2018 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant

EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here:

www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60068-1 - Environmental testing -- Part 1: General EN 60068-1 -
and guidance
IEC 60068-2-1 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-1: Tests - EN 60068-2-1 -
Test A: Cold
IEC 60068-2-2 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-2: Tests - EN 60068-2-2 -
Test B: Dry heat
IEC 60068-2-6 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-6: Tests - EN 60068-2-6 -
Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal)
IEC 60068-2-14 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-14: Tests - EN 60068-2-14 -
Test N: Change of temperature
IEC 60068-2-27 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-27: Tests - EN 60068-2-27 -
Test Ea and guidance: Shock
IEC 60068-2-30 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-30: Tests - EN 60068-2-30 -
Test Db: Damp heat, cyclic (12 h + 12 h
cycle)
IEC 60068-2-31 - Environmental testing -- Part 2-31: Tests - EN 60068-2-31 -
Test Ec: Rough handling shocks, primarily
for equipment-type specimens
IEC 60068-2-40 - Basic environmental testing procedures - EN 60068-2-40 -
Part 2: Tests. Test Z/AM: Combined
cold/low air pressure tests
IEC 60529 - Degrees of protection provided by - -
enclosures (IP Code)
IEC 60728-2 - Cable networks for television signals, EN 50083-2 -
sound signals and interactive services -
Part 2: Electromagnetic compatibility for
equipment
IEC 60728-4 - Cable networks for television signals, EN 60728-4 -
sound signals and interactive services --
Part 4: Passive wideband equipment for
coaxial cable networks
IEC 60728-5 - Cable networks for television signals, EN 60728-5 -
sound signals and interactive services -
Part 5: Headend equipment
IEC 60728-11 - Cable networks for television signals, EN 60728-11 -
sound signals and interactive services --
Part 11: Safety
IEC 61000-4-5 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part EN 61000-4-5 -
4-5: Testing and measurement techniques
- Surge immunity test
IEC 61319-1 - Interconnections of satellite receiving EN 61319-1 -
equipment -- Part 1: Europe
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SIST EN 60728-3:2018
EN IEC 60728-3:2018 (E)
IEC 61319-2 - Interconnections of satellite receiving - -
equipment -- Part 2: Japan
IEC 62368-1 - Audio/video, information and EN 62368-1 -
communication technology equipment --
Part 1: Safety requirements
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SIST EN 60728-3:2018
IEC 60728-3
Edition 5.0 2017-11
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
colour
inside
Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and interactive services
Part 3: Active wideband equipment for cable networks
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 33.060.40; 33.170 ISBN 978-2-8322-4934-5

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
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SIST EN 60728-3:2018
– 2 – IEC 60728-3:2017 © IEC 2017
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms .......................................................... 9

3.1 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................. 9

3.2 Symbols ................................................................................................................ 12

3.3 Abbreviated terms ................................................................................................. 14

4 Methods of measurement .............................................................................................. 14

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 14

4.2 Linear distortion .................................................................................................... 15

4.2.1 Return loss .................................................................................................... 15

4.2.2 Group delay variation .................................................................................... 15

4.3 Non-linear distortion.............................................................................................. 16

4.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 16

4.3.2 Types of measurements ................................................................................. 16

4.3.3 Intermodulation .............................................................................................. 17

4.3.4 Composite triple beat ..................................................................................... 19

4.3.5 Composite second order beat ........................................................................ 22

4.3.6 Method of measurement of non-linearity for pure digital channel load ............ 22

4.3.7 Hum modulation of carrier .............................................................................. 30

4.4 Noise figure .......................................................................................................... 33

4.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 33

4.4.2 Equipment required ....................................................................................... 33

4.4.3 Connection of equipment ............................................................................... 33

4.4.4 Measurement procedure ................................................................................ 34

4.5 Crosstalk attenuation ............................................................................................ 34

4.5.1 Crosstalk attenuation for loop-through ports .................................................. 34

4.5.2 Crosstalk attenuation for output ports ............................................................ 34

4.6 Measurement of noise power ratio (NPR) .............................................................. 36

4.6.1 General ......................................................................................................... 36

4.6.2 Equipment required ....................................................................................... 37

4.6.3 Connection of equipment ............................................................................... 37

4.6.4 Measurement procedure ................................................................................ 38

4.6.5 Presentation of the results ............................................................................. 38

4.7 Immunity to surge voltages ................................................................................... 39

4.7.1 General ......................................................................................................... 39

4.7.2 Equipment required ....................................................................................... 39

4.7.3 Connection of equipment ............................................................................... 39

4.7.4 Measurement procedure ................................................................................ 40

5 Equipment requirements ................................................................................................ 40

5.1 General requirements ........................................................................................... 40

5.2 Safety ................................................................................................................... 40

5.3 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) ..................................................................... 40

5.4 Frequency range ................................................................................................... 40

5.5 Impedance and return loss .................................................................................... 40

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SIST EN 60728-3:2018
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5.6 Gain ...................................................................................................................... 41

5.6.1 Minimum and maximum gain .......................................................................... 41

5.6.2 Gain control ................................................................................................... 41

5.6.3 Slope and slope control ................................................................................. 41

5.7 Flatness ................................................................................................................ 41

5.8 Test points ............................................................................................................ 41

5.9 Noise figure .......................................................................................................... 41

5.10 Non-linear distortion.............................................................................................. 42

5.10.1 General ......................................................................................................... 42

5.10.2 Second-order distortion ................................................................................. 42

5.10.3 Third order distortion ..................................................................................... 42

5.10.4 Composite triple beat ..................................................................................... 42

5.10.5 Composite second order ................................................................................ 42

5.10.6 Maximum operating level for pure digital channel load ................................... 42

5.11 Hum modulation .................................................................................................... 43

5.12 Power supply ........................................................................................................ 43

5.13 Environmental ....................................................................................................... 43

5.13.1 General ......................................................................................................... 43

5.13.2 Transportation ............................................................................................... 43

5.13.3 Installation or maintenance ............................................................................ 43

5.13.4 Operation ...................................................................................................... 43

5.13.5 Energy efficiency of equipment ...................................................................... 44

5.14 Marking ................................................................................................................. 44

5.14.1 Marking of equipment .................................................................................... 44

5.14.2 Marking of ports ............................................................................................. 44

5.15 Requirements for multi-switches ........................................................................... 44

5.15.1 Control signals for multi-switches .................................................................. 44

5.15.2 Amplitude frequency response flatness .......................................................... 44

5.15.3 Return loss .................................................................................................... 44

5.15.4 Through loss .................................................................................................. 44

5.15.5 Isolation ......................................................................................................... 44

5.15.6 Crosstalk attenuation ..................................................................................... 44

5.15.7 Satellite IF to terrestrial signal isolation ......................................................... 45

5.16 Immunity to surge voltages ................................................................................... 45

5.16.1 Degrees of testing levels ............................................................................... 45

5.16.2 Recommendation of testing level degree ....................................................... 45

Annex A (normative) Test carriers, levels and intermodulation products ............................... 46

A.1 Two signal tests for second- and third-order products ........................................... 46

A.1.1 Intermodulation products with test signals at frequencies ƒ and ƒ ,
a b

see Table A.1 ................................................................................................ 46

A.1.2 Signal levels .................................................................................................. 46

A.2 Three signal tests for third order products – Intermodulation products with

test signals at frequencies ƒ , ƒ and ƒ , see Table A.2 and Figure A.3 .............. 47

a b c

Annex B (informative) Test frequency plan for composite triple beat (CTB), composite

second order (CSO) .............................................................................................................. 48

Annex C (informative) Measurement errors that occur due to mismatched equipment .......... 50

Annex D (informative) Examples of measurement channels ................................................. 51

D.1 Operating frequency range 110 MHz to 1 006 MHz ............................................... 51

D.2 Operating frequency range 110 MHz to 862 MHz .................................................. 51

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SIST EN 60728-3:2018
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D.3 Operating frequency range 258 MHz to 1 218 MHz ............................................... 51

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 52

Figure 1 – Basic arrangement of test equipment for evaluation of the ratio of signal to

intermodulation product ........................................................................................................ 18

Figure 2 – Connection of test equipment for the measurement of non-linear distortion

by composite beat ................................................................................................................. 21

Figure 3 – BER measurement test configuration ................................................................... 24

Figure 4 – CINR measurement test setup .............................................................................. 28

Figure 5 – Plot of CINR in dB curve (forward path) versus EUT channel output signal

level in dBµV ........................................................................................................................ 29

Figure 6 – Carrier/hum ratio .................................................................................................. 30

Figure 7 – Test set-up for local-powered objects ................................................................... 31

Figure 8 – Test set-up for remote-powered objects ............................................................... 31

Figure 9 – Oscilloscope display ............................................................................................ 32

Figure 10 – Measurement of noise figure .............................................................................. 33

Figure 11 – Measurement of crosstalk attenuation for loop through ports of multi-

switches................................................................................................................................ 36

Figure 12 – Characteristic of the noise filter .......................................................................... 37

Figure 13 – Test setup for the non-linearity measurement ..................................................... 37

Figure 14 – Presentation of the result of NPR ........................................................................ 39

Figure 15 – Measurement set-up for surge immunity test ...................................................... 40

Figure A.1 – An example showing products formed when 2ƒ >ƒ ....................................... 46

a b

Figure A.2 – An example showing products formed when 2ƒ < ƒ ....................................... 47

a b

Figure A.3 – Products of the form ƒ ± ƒ ± ƒ ...................................................................... 47

a b c

Figure C.1 – Error concerning return loss measurement ....................................................... 50

Figure C.2 – Maximum ripple ................................................................................................ 50

Table 1 – Measurement parameters for full channel load ...................................................... 26

Table 2 – Notch filter frequencies ......................................................................................... 37

Table 3 – Example of return loss requirements ..................................................................... 41

Table 4 – Parameters of surge voltages for different degrees of testing levels ...................... 45

Table 5 – Recommendations for degree of testing levels ...................................................... 45

Table A.1 – Intermodulation products with two signals .......................................................... 46

Table A.2 – Intermodulation products with three signals ........................................................ 47

Table B.1 – Frequency allocation plan .................................................................................. 48

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SIST EN 60728-3:2018
– 5 – IEC 60728-3:2017 © IEC 2017
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
CABLE NETWORKS FOR TELEVISION SIGNALS,
SOUND SIGNALS AND INTERACTIVE SERVICES –
Part 3: Active wideband equipment for cable networks
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 60728-3 has been prepared by technical area 5: Cable networks

for television signals, sound signals and interactive services of IEC technical committee 100:

Audio, video and multimedia systems and equipment.

This fifth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition published in 2010. This edition

constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:

a) extension of upper frequency range limit for cable network equipment in the forward path

from 1 000 MHz to 1 218 MHz (optional up to 1 794 MHz);

b) extension of upper frequency range limit for cable network equipment in the return path

from 85 MHz to 204 MHz;
c) integration and update of IEC 60728-3-1 content;
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SIST EN 60728-3:2018
– 6 – IEC 60728-3:2017 © IEC 2017

d) integration and update of the Technical Specification CLC/TS 50083-3-3 content;

e) deletion of specifications and test methods for obsolete analogue parameters;
f) additional normative references;
g) additional terms and definitions and abbreviations.
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
100/2975/FDIS 100/2990/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in

the report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The list of all the parts of the IEC 60728 series, under the general title Cable networks for

television signals, sound signals and interactive services, can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchang
...

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