Household and similar electrical air cleaning appliances - Methods for measuring the performance - Part 1: General requirements

IEC 63086-1:2020 applies to electrically powered household and similar air cleaners intended for use on rated single-phase AC input voltage circuits not exceeding 250 V and DC input voltage circuits not exceeding 48 V.
If the test methods in this document are applied to combination products (air conditioners, humidifiers, dehumidifiers, heaters, etc.) with air cleaning function, they are only aimed at their air cleaning function when tested.
Battery-operated appliances are within the scope of this document. Dual-supply appliances, either mains-supplied or battery-operated, are regarded as battery-operated appliances when operated in the battery mode.
This document is not applicable to:
- appliances intended exclusively for industrial purposes;
- appliances intended for use in medical treatment locations, such as surgical suites, laboratories, medical treatments rooms, etc.
- household range hoods or cooking fume extractors – see IEC 61591.
This first edition cancels and replaces IEC PAS 62587 published in 2008.

Appareils d'épuration d'air électriques domestiques et appareils similaires - Méthodes de mesure de l’aptitude à la fonction - Partie 1: exigences générales

L'IEC 63086-1:2020 s'applique aux appareils d'épuration d'air domestiques et appareils similaires électriques destinés à être utilisés sur des circuits à tension d'entrée en courant alternatif monophasé assigné ne dépassant pas 250 V et sur des circuits à tension d'entrée en courant continu ne dépassant pas 48 V.
Si les méthodes d'essai du présent document sont appliquées à des produits mixtes (des climatiseurs, des humidificateurs, des déshumidificateurs, des chauffages, etc.) avec une fonction d'épuration d'air, elles ne visent qu'à assurer leur fonction d'épuration de l'air lors des essais.
Les appareils alimentés par batterie relèvent du domaine d'application du présent document. Les appareils à double alimentation, qu'ils soient alimentés par le réseau ou par batterie, sont considérés comme des appareils alimentés par batterie lorsqu'ils fonctionnement en mode batterie.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas:
- aux appareils destinés exclusivement à un usage industriel;
- aux appareils destinés à être utilisés dans des lieux de soins médicaux (les blocs opératoires, les laboratoires, les salles de soins médicaux, etc.).
- aux hottes domestiques ni aux hottes de cuisine (voir l'IEC 61591).
Cette première édition annule et remplace l'IEC PAS 62587, publiée en 2008.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
08-Apr-2020
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Completion Date
09-Apr-2020
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IEC 63086-1
Edition 1.0 2020-04
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Household and similar electrical air cleaning appliances – Methods for
measuring the performance
Part 1: General requirements
Appareils d'épuration d'air électriques domestiques et appareils similaires –
Méthodes de mesure de l'aptitude à la fonction
Partie 1: Exigences générales
IEC 63086-1:2020-04(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 63086-1
Edition 1.0 2020-04
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Household and similar electrical air cleaning appliances – Methods for
measuring the performance
Part 1: General requirements
Appareils d'épuration d'air électriques domestiques et appareils similaires –
Méthodes de mesure de l'aptitude à la fonction
Partie 1: Exigences générales
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 23.120 ISBN 978-2-8322-8115-4

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 63086-1:2020  IEC 2020
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 6

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 6

4 Classification ................................................................................................................... 8

4.1 Types of technologies used in air cleaners .............................................................. 8

4.2 Areas of placement for air cleaners ......................................................................... 8

5 Conditions, instrumentation, and equipment for measurements ....................................... 8

5.1 Measurements and calculations .............................................................................. 8

5.2 General conditions .................................................................................................. 9

5.2.1 Test chamber conditions .................................................................................. 9

5.2.2 DUT conditions ................................................................................................ 9

5.3 Test voltage and frequency ..................................................................................... 9

5.3.1 AC-powered DUT ............................................................................................. 9

5.3.2 DC-powered DUT ............................................................................................ 9

5.4 Sample plan ............................................................................................................ 9

5.5 Test instrumentation ............................................................................................... 9

5.5.1 General ........................................................................................................... 9

5.5.2 Thermometer ................................................................................................. 10

5.5.3 Hygrometer .................................................................................................... 10

5.5.4 Timer ............................................................................................................. 10

5.5.5 Power supply ................................................................................................. 10

5.5.6 CO detector ................................................................................................. 10

5.6 Test chamber ........................................................................................................ 10

5.6.1 Structure of the 30 m test chamber .............................................................. 10

5.6.2 Schematic of the test chamber ....................................................................... 11

5.7 Placement of the DUT ........................................................................................... 13

5.7.1 General placement of the DUT ....................................................................... 13

5.7.2 Placement of a floor type air cleaner .............................................................. 13

5.7.3 Placement of a table type air cleaner ............................................................. 13

5.7.4 Placement of a wall type air cleaner .............................................................. 13

5.7.5 Placement of a robotic air cleaner.................................................................. 13

5.7.6 Placement of a direct plug-in type air cleaner ................................................ 13

5.7.7 Placement of an air cleaner not specified ...................................................... 13

6 Determination of the air exchange rate of the test chamber ........................................... 13

6.1 Tracer gas ............................................................................................................ 13

6.2 Setting the sampling point ..................................................................................... 13

6.3 Test chamber conditioning .................................................................................... 13

6.4 Tracer gas introduction ......................................................................................... 14

6.5 Initial concentration ............................................................................................... 14

6.6 Data sampling ....................................................................................................... 14

6.7 Decay of tracer gas ............................................................................................... 14

6.8 Decay constant ..................................................................................................... 14

7 Measurement of noise ................................................................................................... 14

8 Energy efficiency ........................................................................................................... 15

8.1 Energy efficiency in maximum performance operation mode ................................. 15

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
IEC 63086-1:2020  IEC 2020 – 3 –

8.2 Standby power ...................................................................................................... 15

Annex A (informative) Determination of the test chamber mixing level ................................. 16

Annex B (normative) Standardization of calculations ............................................................ 17

B.1 Pollutant concentration ......................................................................................... 17

B.2 Slope of decay line ............................................................................................... 17

B.3 Clean air delivery rate (CADR) .............................................................................. 17

B.3.1 Tabulation and calculation ............................................................................. 17

B.3.2 Certification, verification or other formal reporting .......................................... 17

Annex C (normative) Test stand for wall and direct plug-in type air cleaners ........................ 18

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 19

Figure 1 – Schematic of the 30 m test chamber ................................................................. 12

Figure C.1 – Construction requirements for test stand for wall and direct plug-in type

air cleaners ........................................................................................................................... 18

Table 1 – 30 m test chamber ............................................................................................... 11

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 63086-1:2020  IEC 2020
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
HOUSEHOLD AND SIMILAR ELECTRICAL AIR CLEANING APPLIANCES –
METHODS FOR MEASURING THE PERFORMANCE
Part 1: General requirements
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote international

co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To this end and

in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications, Technical Reports,

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Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

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3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

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8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of patent

rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 63086 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 59:

Performance of household and similar electrical appliances.
This first edition cancels and replaces IEC PAS 62587 published in 2008.
The text of this International Standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
59/722/FDIS 59/725/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this International Standard can be found in the

report on voting indicated in the above table.

This document has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 63086-1:2020  IEC 2020 – 5 –
In this standard, the following print types are used:
– terms defined in Clause 3: bold type.

A list of all parts in the IEC 63086 series, published under the general title Household and

similar electrical air cleaning appliances – Methods for measuring the performance can be found

on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this document will remain unchanged until the

stability date indicated on the IEaC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to

the specific document. At this date, the document will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 63086-1:2020  IEC 2020
HOUSEHOLD AND SIMILAR ELECTRICAL AIR CLEANING APPLIANCES –
METHODS FOR MEASURING THE PERFORMANCE
Part 1: General requirements
1 Scope

This part of IEC 63086 applies to electrically powered household and similar air cleaners

intended for use on rated single-phase AC input voltage circuits not exceeding 250 V and DC

input voltage circuits not exceeding 48 V.

NOTE 1 See Clause 4 for examples of different technologies and placements of household and similar air cleaners.

NOTE 2 If the test methods in this document are applied to combination products (air conditioners, humidifiers,

dehumidifiers, heaters, etc.) with air cleaning function, they are only aimed at their air cleaning function when tested.

NOTE 3 Battery-operated appliances are within the scope of this document. Dual-supply appliances, either mains-

supplied or battery-operated, are regarded as battery-operated appliances when operated in the battery mode.

NOTE 4 This document is not applicable to:
• appliances intended exclusively for industrial purposes;

• appliances intended for use in medical treatment locations, such as surgical suites, laboratories, medical

treatments rooms, etc.
• household range hoods or cooking fume extractors – see IEC 61591.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies.

For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any

amendments) applies.

IEC 60704 (all parts), Household and similar electrical appliances – Test code for the

determination of airborne acoustical noise
IEC 62301:2011, Household electrical appliances – Measurement of standby power
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following

addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
air cleaner

electrically powered household, or similar, appliance that employs one or multiple technologies

to reduce one or more types of indoor air pollutants
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 63086-1:2020  IEC 2020 – 7 –
3.2
robotic air cleaner

air cleaner that operates and changes its physical location autonomously without user

intervention

Note 1 to entry: The robotic air cleaner can consist of a part that houses the air cleaning function and can have a

docking station and/or other accessories to assist its operation.
3.3
fresh-air air cleaner

air cleaner connected to the external environment, which provides pollutant-reduced outdoor

air into an indoor space

Note 1 to entry: The fresh-air air cleaner can also include other auxiliary functions, such as heat exchange.

3.4
combination products

air cleaner that includes a secondary function besides air cleaning within the same housing,

such as humidifying, dehumidifying, heating, or air conditioning
3.5
DUT
device under test
air cleaner undergoing examination
3.6
test chamber

self-contained room with determined volume, shape, and dimensions, which is used to measure

the performance of the DUT
3.7
target pollutant

specific air pollutant with defined components, including three main categories: particulate

matter, gaseous pollutants, and microorganisms
3.8
operation decay rate

reduction rate of the target pollutant in the test chamber, due to operation of the DUT

Note 1 to entry: Units are per hour (h ).
3.9
CADR
clean air delivery rate

flow rate of clean air (with respect to the target pollutant) delivered by the DUT calculated as

the product of the measured operation decay rate and the associated test chamber volume

3 −1
Note 1 to entry: The unit is cubic metres per hour (m h ).
3.10
automatic operation mode

setting of the DUT chosen by the user in which the performance is regulated by the air cleaner

without further user interaction
3.11
manual operation mode

setting of the DUT, chosen by the user, that is not influenced by further external operator

interaction, air quality sensor data, and/or timers throughout the duration of the test

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 63086-1:2020  IEC 2020
3.12
maximum performance operation mode

manual operation mode where the DUT is set to the highest flow rate with all air cleaning

functions switched on and set to maximum, where applicable

Note 1 to entry: If the DUT has zero flow rate, the CADR is measured with all air cleaning functions switched on.

Note 2 to entry: "All air cleaning functions switched on" implies that the requirements for testing are that all available

filters, either for particle and gas filtration, or a combination of both, are inserted in the DUT for each type of test

described in the applicable parts of IEC 63086-2.
3.13
energy efficiency in maximum performance operation mode

volume of cleaned air provided by consumption of a certain amount of energy calculated by

dividing the CADR of the DUT by the electrical power input
3 −1 −1
Note 1 to entry: The unit is cubic metres per watt hour (m W h ).
4 Classification
4.1 Types of technologies used in air cleaners

According to the cleaning principles, the following types of technologies or combinations are

used in air cleaning, but are not limited to:
• mechanical filtration type;
• physical and/or chemical adsorption type;
• chemical catalysis type;
• electrostatic filtration type;
• photocatalytic type;
• plasma type;
• ozone generating type;
• hydroxyl generating type;
4.2 Areas of placement for air cleaners

According to the installation modes described by the manufacturer, the following placement

types exist for air cleaners, but are not limited to:
• floor type;
• table type;
• wall type;
• direct plug-in type;
• ceiling type;
• portable in-vehicle type;
• robotic type;
• fresh-air type
5 Conditions, instrumentation, and equipment for measurements
5.1 Measurements and calculations

All calculations and reporting of values shall use the methods of standardization of calculations,

as described in Annex B.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
IEC 63086-1:2020  IEC 2020 – 9 –
5.2 General conditions
5.2.1 Test chamber conditions

Unless otherwise specified, each test shall be conducted in the test chamber without influence

of outside air, direct sunlight and other radiation effects.
The test temperature and acceptable range of variation shall be (23 ± 3) °C.

The test relative humidity and acceptable range of variation shall be (50 ± 10) %.

5.2.2 DUT conditions
5.2.2.1 DUT with manual operation mode

A DUT with manual operation mode shall be tested in accordance with the manufacturer's

instructions in the maximum performance operation mode.
5.2.2.2 DUT with only automatic operation mode
A DUT with only automatic operation mode shall be tested in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions.

NOTE A testing method for DUT with only automatic operation mode is under consideration and will be presented

in the applicable parts of IEC 63086-2.
5.3 Test voltage and frequency
5.3.1 AC-powered DUT

The test voltage and frequency shall comply with the rated voltages and frequencies listed in

IEC 62301:2011, Table 1. If the corresponding country or region is not included in the table, the

voltage and frequency as stated by the manufacturer shall be used. In both cases, the test

voltage and frequency shall be maintained at the rated voltage and frequency ±1 % throughout

the duration of the test.
NOTE A stabilized power supply can be required to meet these requirements.
5.3.2 DC-powered DUT

The rated voltage as stated by the manufacturer shall be used. The test voltage shall be

maintained at the rated voltage ±1 % throughout the duration of the test.
NOTE A stabilized power supply can be required to meet these requirements.
5.4 Sample plan

For increased confidence in the test results, a minimum of three samples of the DUT should be

tested. Some performance tests can require additional samples or replacement parts if the

performance is adversely impacted by testing. If additional samples or replacement parts are

used, they shall be recorded in the report.

NOTE All measurements of performance within each test method of IEC 63086-2 are carried out on the same DUT.

5.5 Test instrumentation
5.5.1 General

All measurement instruments shall be operated in accordance with the manufacturer’s

specification. The instruments shall meet the requirements in 5.5.2 to 5.5.6.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
– 10 – IEC 63086-1:2020  IEC 2020
5.5.2 Thermometer
The accuracy shall be within ±0,5 °C.
5.5.3 Hygrometer
The accuracy shall be within ±2 % RH.
5.5.4 Timer
The accuracy shall be within ±1 s in 24 h.
5.5.5 Power supply
5.5.5.1 General

The connection between the DUT and the power supply shall be made in such a way that an

uninterruptable power supply is guaranteed throughout the duration of the test.
5.5.5.2 AC power supply
The AC power supply shall comply with IEC 62301:2011, 4.3.2.
5.5.5.3 DC power supply
The power supply is a DC stabilized supply.
5.5.5.4 Power meter
The power meter shall comply with IEC 62301:2011.
5.5.6 CO detector

The accuracy shall be within ±3 % of reading or ±50 ppm (parts per million), whichever is greater.

The resolution shall be 1 ppm.
5.6 Test chamber
5.6.1 Structure of the 30 m test chamber
The parameters of the 30 m test chamber are described in Table 1.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
IEC 63086-1:2020  IEC 2020 – 11 –
Table 1 – 30 m test chamber
Items Parameters
Interior volume (30 ± 1,5) m
Height = (2,5 ± 0,1) m
Interior dimensions
The width shall be within 85 % and 100 % of the length.
All surfaces shall be low-adsorptive, chemically inert, non-corrosive, easy to

clean, and with sufficient structural integrity. Recommended material for the walls,

Surfaces

ceiling and floor: stainless steel AISI grades 304, 310, or 316, glass or equivalent.

All conducting surfaces shall be grounded.
Welding, silicon rubber strip material, and low-emission glass sealant may be
Sealing material
used, where necessary.
The ceiling-mounted mixing fan shall have a diameter of between 1,0 m and 1,4 m
with three blades and a minimal airspeed of 1 ms . The air speed shall be
measured 0,5 m below the fan blade's surface and laterally halfway between the
Mixing fan

central axis and the blade's tip. Installation location: on the ceiling in the centre of

the test chamber, with the distance of the highest point on the blades to the
ceiling's surface of between 0,25 m and 0,5 m.
3 −1
The wall-mounted recirculation fan shall have a flow rate of between 700 m h
3 −1 −1
and 800 m h , and a maximum airspeed of 15 ms measured at the centre of the
Recirculation fan

fan exhaust at 0,5 m from the face. Installation location: 1,5 m above the floor of

the test chamber and 0,4 m away from the wall measured at the centre of the fan
exhaust, with the airflow exhaust not directed at the DUT and/or sample point.
The test chamber air treatment unit shall be
...

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