Wood — Methods of physical and mechanical testing — Vocabulary — Part 1: General concepts and macrostructure

Gives terms and definitions relating to physical and mechanical properties of wood. Wood is defined as aggregate of secondary tissues (conductive, mechanical and storing) found in stems, branches and roots of woody plants between the bark and pith.

Bois — Méthodes d'essais physiques et mécaniques — Vocabulaire — Partie 1: Généralités et macrostructure

General Information

Publication Date
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9599 - Withdrawal of International Standard
Completion Date
Ref Project


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ISO 9086-1:1987
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Standards Content (Sample)

First edition
llept3oe i43AaHMe
1987-1 l-01
Methods of physical and mechanical
Wood -
Vocabulary -
testing -
Part 1 :
General concepts and macrostructure
Bois - M&hodes d ’essais physiques et
mkaniques - Vocabulaire -
Partie 1 :
G6n&alit& et macrostructure
MeTOAbl IdCnblTaHldi C#Nl3k ’lKO=MeXaHklIleCKHX
flpesecwia -
- CllOBapb -
%CTb 1 :
06uye nOHfITklfI PI MaKpOCTpyKTypa
Reference number
Num&-o de rkf&-ence
HoMep CCblflKkl
IS0 9086-l :
1987 (E/F/R)

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IS0 (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national
standards bodies (IS0 member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is nor-
mally carried out through IS0 technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject
for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that
committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with
ISO, also take part in the work.
Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member
bodies for approval before their acceptance as International Standards by the IS0 Council. They
are approved in accordance with IS0 procedures requiring at least 75 % approval by the member
bodies voting.
International Standard IS0 9086-I was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 55, Sawn
timber and sawlogs.
Users should note that all International Standards undergo revision from time to time and that
any reference made herein to any other International Standard implies its latest edition, unless
otherwise stated.
L ’ISO (Organisation internationale de normalisation) est une federation mondiale d ’organismes
nationaux de normalisation (comites membres de I ’ISO). L ’elaboration des Normes inter-
nationales est normalement confide aux comites techniques de I ’ISO. Chaque comite membre
interesse par une etude a le droit de faire partie du comite technique cre6 8 cet effet. Les organi-
sations internationales, gouvernementales et non gouvernementales, en liaison avec I ’ISO partici-
pent Bgalement aux travaux.
Les projets de Normes internationales adopt& par les comites techniques sont soumis aux comi-
tes membres pour approbation, avant leur acceptation comme Normes internationales par le
Conseil de I ’ISO. Les Normes internationales sont approuvees conformement aux procedures de
I ’ISO qui requierent I ’approbation de 75 % au moins des comites membres votants.
La Norme internationale IS0 9086- 4 a 6th ela boree par le comite technique ISO/TC 55, Bois scik
grumes A sciage.
L ’attention des utilisateurs est attiree sur le fait que toutes les Normes internationales sont de
temps en temps soumises a revision et que toute reference faite a une autre Norme internationale
dans le present document implique qu ’il s ’agit, sauf indication contraire, de la derniere edition.
L/1co (Me>KAyHapOAHaFi OpraHM3a~Wl l-l0 CTaHAapTM3a4MM) FIBflReTCFl BCeMMpHOti @eAepaL(Vler;l
Ha~klOHaflbHblX OpraHkl3a~ldl f-l0 CTaHAapTt ’l3a4MM (KOMMTBTOB-WleHOB MCO). Pa3pa6OTKa Mem-
TeT-WleH, 3aMHTepeCOBaHHblL;1 B AWlTenbHOCTM, AnR KOTOpOti 6bln CO3AaH TeXHMqeCKMti KOMMTeT,
MMeeT llpaB0 6blTb llpeACTaBneHHblM B 3TOM KOMMTeTe. MemAyHapOAHble npElBMTenbCTBeHHble
M HellpaBMTenbCTBeHHble OpraHM3a~MM, MMelOolql ’le CBR3M C MCO, TaK)) pa6oTax.
flpOeKTb4 Me~AyHapOAHblX CTaHAapTOB, npMHRTble TeXHMqeCKMMM KOMMTeTaMM, paCCblnalOTCfl
KOMMTeTaM-qJleHaM Ha OAO6peHW A0 MX yTBep~AeHVlf7 COBeTOM MC0 B Ka ‘deCTBe MemAyHapOA-
HblX CTaHAapTOB. OHM OAO6pfItOTCFI B COOTBeTCTBMM C i-tpOqe/IjypOr;t IKO, Tpe6ytoqeti OAO6peHMFI
l-l0 MeHblUelil Mepe 75 O/O KOMMTeTOB-WleHOB, l-lpMHMMalOqMX ylraCTL ’le B rOnOCOBaHMM.
MemAyHapOAHblr;l CTaHAapT LICO 9086-l 6bin -kxHMreCKMM KOMVlTeTOM MCOlTK 55,
nunotvamepuanbl u nunoBoYtible 6peBHa.
BCe MexAyHapOAHble CTaHAapTbl llO~BepralOTCR BpeMR OT BpeMeHM llepeCMOTpy kl,ll03TOMy, JlKIo-
6aH CCblnKa Ha KaKOlil-nkl60 Me>KAyHapOflHblti CTaHA9apT B HaCTOflqeM AOKyMeHTe, KpOMe Cny ’-laeB,
yKa3aHHblx 0~060, npeAnonaraeT ero nocneAHee i43AaHMe.
0 International Organization for Standardization, 1987 l
0 Organisation internationale de normalisation, 1987 l
@ MexAyHapoAHan OpraHwaqbtfl no CtaHaaprwaqHu, 1987 l
Printed in Switzerland / Imprime en SuisseblsclaHo B l.k%l(aPMu

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IS0 9086-l : 1987 (E/F/R)
MC0 9086-l : 1987 (A/@/P)
Wood - Methods Bois - M&hodes ApeBecuHa - MeTOAbl
HCllblTaHihi C#Nl3HKO-
of physical and d ’essais physiques
mechanical testing - et mkaniques -
Vocabulaire - CBOikTB - CJlOBapb -
Vocabulary -
Partie 1 : qaCTb 1 :
Part 1 3
G6n&alit& et 06qMe ~OHFITMFI VI
General concepts and
macrostructure MaKpOCTpyKTypa
Introduction BBeAeHHe
0 Introduction
kiaCTOFIqMI;;1 Mor<~yHapOQHbll;l CTaHAapT
La presente Norme internationale definit les
This International Standard defines
termes se rapportant aux generalites, a la YCTaHaBJlMBaeT TepMMHbl M Onpe~efleHVlfI,
terms relating to physical and
macrostructure ainsi qu ’aux proprietes OTHOCfIqMeCfl K 06l4MM flOHFITMfIM, MaKpO-
mechanical properties of wood, general
physiques et mecaniques du bois. CTpJ ’KType M C@l3MKO-MeXaHWleCKVIM VIC-
concepts and macrostructure.
nblTaHMFlM ApeBeWlHbl.
06%eKT H 06naCrb
I Scope and field Objet et domaine
d ’application QNlMeHeHHR
of application
La presente partie de I ’ISO 9086 donne les &iHHaR claCTb MC0 9086 onpeplenReT
This part of ISO 9086 gives terms and
definitions relating to general concepts termes et leurs definitions relatifs aux gene- TepMIAHbl, KacaioqMecfl 06~14~ ~~H~~TIIIL;~ l/l
ralites et a la macrostructure du bois.
and wood macrostructure. MaKpOCTpyKTYpbi ApeBeCVlHbl.
Termes et dbfinitions -kPMbdtibl w onpe/qeneHwi
2 Terms and definitions
2.1 General concepts
plpeBecb4Ha: COBOKynHOCTb BTOpWlHblX
2.1 .I wood : Aggregate of secondary bois: Ensemble de tissus secondaires (de
tissues (conductive, mechanical and soutien, de conduction et de mise en TKaHeti (npOBO~Fl~MX, MeXaHMqeCKMX M
sanacatoqmx), pacnonoMeHHblx B cTBonax,
storing) found in stems, branches and reserve) situ& dans les troncs, branches et
\ roots of woody plants between the bark racines des plantes ligneuses entre I ’ecorce BeTBRX M KOpHFIX ApeBeCHblX paCTeHvlli
MexAy KOpOti M CepJJqeBMHOk
and pith. et la moelle.
~peBecblHHoe Bel.yecrBo :
2.1.2 wood substance : Substance mati&re ligneuse : Matiere formant les BelqecTBo, o6pa-
parois cellulaires du bois. 3YlOqee KfleTOClHble CTeH KM ~peBeWlHbl.
forming the cellular walls of wood.
moelle: Partie axiale, de faible diametre, cepnyeBbdHa:
2.1.3 pith : Narrow central part of y3KaR 4eHTpafl bHafI I-laCTb
des tiges et des ramifications des plantes CTBOflOB M BeTBer;r ApeBeCHblX paCTeHl/lti,
woody stems and branches enclosed by
ligneuses, occupee par des tissus primaires COCTOfl~aFI l43 nepBMclHblX pblXIlblX TKa-
the first annual ring and consisting of
de consistance molle. Held.
primary soft tissue.
couche d ’accroissement; cerne:
2.1.4 growth ring : Increase of wood cnoti npb4pocTa : npl/lpOCT ApeBeCklHbl
Accroissement du bois des troncs, des CTBOIlOB, BeTBeti M KOpHeti, 06pasOBaB-
in stems, branches and roots formed
during one vegetative season. branches et des racines, forme durant une WlL;1CR 38 OflVlH BeI-eTa~l4OHHblti nepklO&J.
meme periode de vegetation.

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IS0 9086-l : 1987 (E/F/R)
MC0 9086-l : 1987 (A/@/P)
rO~l4 ’4Hblii CnOik i-@MPOCT ApeBeCklH bl
2.1.5 annual ring : Increase of wood couche annuelle : Accroissement du bois
CTBOnOB, BeTBeti M KOpHer;i, 06pa3OBaB-
des troncs, des branches et des racines,
in stems, branches and roots formed
I.I.WWI 3a 04~~ rofl.
during one year. forme durant une meme annee.
section longitudinale : Coupe selon un npoAon bH bl ii paspes : Paspes no nnocKo-
2.1.6 longitudinal section : Section
plan parallele aux tissus fondamentaux de CTVI, napannen bHoL;1 0cHoBHblM MexaHw
parallel to the direction of the principal
mechanical and conducting wood soutien et de conduction du bois.
section radiale: Coupe selon un plan lon- paJJi4anbHblli pa3pe3: npOQOnbHblti pas-
2.1.7 radial section : Longitudinal
section along the plane perpendicular to gitudinal passant par la moelle et perpendi- pes no nnocKocTM, npoxoQf4qel;i qepe3
culaire a la tangente avec une couche
the tangent of the growth ring (annual cepAqeBr/rHy M nepneHAk4KynflpHoti Kaca-
ring) at the point of tangency. d ’accroissement (couche annuelle) du bois TenbHOti K cnoto npMpocTa (w-u4 rO/JMclHO-
en son point de tangence.
My CnOtO) ApeBeWlHbl B TOqKe KaCaHI/IFI.
TaHreHTanbHblii (TaHreHlQlanbHblh) pas-
2.1.8 tangential section : Longitu- section tangentielle : Coupe longitudi-
nale selon un plan tangent a une couche pes: llpoAonbHbl1;1 paspes no nnocKocTr/l,
dinal section along the plane tangent to
the growth ring or annual ring of wood. d ’accroissement ou couche annuelle du KacaTenbHoti K cnom npMpocTa (MnM ro-
bois. AM~H~M~ cnot0) ApeBeWlHbl.
section transversale: Coupe perpendicu- nonepeqH bl ii paspes : Paspes, npoxoAflrqulr;r
2.1 .S cross-section : Section perpen-
dicular to the direction of the principal laire a la direction des tissus fondamentaux nepneHAuKynFfpH0 K HanpaBneHw ~CH~B-
HblX MeXaHM~eCKMX M npoBo/qflqklx 3ne-
mechanical and conducting elements. de soutien et de conduction du bois.
MeHTOB ApeBeCIlH bl.
2.1.10 workpiece sample : Unit or piece-echantillon : Element de bois, ou sa 3arOTOBKa Qnfi 06pa3qoB: EAMHMua npo-
part of products intended for manufac- partie, destine a fabriquer des eprouvettes jqyKqw~ unu ee clacTb, npefiHa3HareHHafl
turing of wood samples. de bois. Anfl M3rOTOBneHMFl 06pasyos RpeBeCklHbl.
2.1.11 test piece : Unit or part of pro- eprouvette : Piece de dimensions et de o6pa3eq ~peBeCHHbl AnR HCllblTaHHli :
forme definies, destinee aux essais.
ducts of definite dimensions and shape E,yHMqa npoAykqr44 r4nM ee qacTb onpe-
intended for tests. AeneHHblx pa3MepoB M @opMbl, npeAHa-
3Hal-leHHafI flnFl MCllblTaHMI;1.
2.1 .I1 .I small clear test piece : Test eprouvette nette de defauts visibles de Man bl ii wcT bl ii o6pa3eq : 06pa3eq Man blx
faibles dimensions : iprouvette de sec- pa3MepoB ceqeHMfl M QnuHbl, He co4ep-
piece of small cross-section and length
with no visible defects, which is cut out tion et de longueur reduites, sans defauts malql4ti BVlgql/lMblX llOpOKOB ApeBeCMHbl LA
apparents, prelevee dans une piece- Bblpe3aeMblti M3 3arOTOBKM.
of the work piece.
echantillon. full-size test piece: Test eprouvette a la section d ’emploi : o6pa3eq HaTYpH blX pamepos : OGpaseu,
iprouvette a la section d ’utilisation et de
piece of identical size to the product or He OTnWlaKJ~VlldCFI OT e&4HM4bl IlpOAyK-
differing in length only. longueur variable. ~MM r4nr4 oTnr4qatoyWcfi OT Hee TonbKo
2.1.12 working part of the test partie () d ’une Qprouvette: pa6orag rlaCTb o6paqa : qaCTb o6pa3ua
AnR VICnblTaHMti, B KOTOpOr;i 3@@eKT BO3-
piece: Part of the test piece where the Zone d ’une eprouvette ou l ’effet de la
effect of the characteristic being in- caracteristique examinee est primordial. AeticTBt4fi uccneflyeMor0 QaKTopa MMeeT
tiau6on buee 3HaqeHMe.
vestigated is most important.
2.1.13 side plane of the test piece : face d ’une eprouvette : Surface rpaH b o6pa3qa : 6OKOBaR MJlM TOpqOBaF1
ou de bout d ’une eprouvette. llOBepXHOCTb o6pa3qa.
Side surface.
2.1.14 arris of the test piece: In- arete d ‘une eprouvette: Ligne d ’in tersec- pe6po 06p asga : fl MHWI nepece LleHMfI AByX
tersection line of two adjacent surfaces. tion de deux faces adjacentes. CMemH blX rpaHer;i o6pa3qa.
conditionnement du bois : Exposition du Bbl-
2.1 .I5 wood conditioning : Season- KOH~H4HOHHpOBaHHe ~peBeCHH bl :
ing of wood, at atmospheric pressure bois a la pression atmospherique, a une AepXt4Batir4e ApesecMHbr npr4 a-rhnocaep-
temperature et une humidite relative cons- HOM AaBneHkw npM nocToflHHblx 3aAaH-
with constant set temperature and
relative humidity, until equilibrium tantes et determinees de I ’air jusqu ’a HblX TeMnepaType M OTHOCMTen bHOti
obtention de I ’humidite d ’equilibre. BnamHOCTM B03AyXa A0 AOCTL/l)) humidity is reached.

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IS0 9086-l : 1987 (E,/F/R)
L ’ICO 9086-l : 1987 (A/@/P)
22 . Wood macrostructure Macrostructure du bois
macrostructure du bois: Structure du MaKpOCTpyKTypa ~peBeCHHbl : CTpyKTypa
2.2.1 wood macrostructure: Wood
bois que I ’on peut apprecier a

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