Intelligent transport systems -- Framework architecture for plug and play (PnP) functionality in vehicles utilizing nomadic devices

This document defines framework architecture for plug and play (PnP) vehicles and identifies the issues related to exchanging information between occupants (users) and PnP vehicles with nomadic devices. The purpose of architecture is to enhance PnP vehicles and the occupants' safety state by exchanging the information/availability from PnP vehicles and occupants' information/status. The function of frame architecture is to define message follows and its effect on safety state between a PnP vehicle and the occupants. This document specifies the framework of safety state representation between the PnP vehicle and the occupants. The state of the PnP vehicle depending on the PnP vehicle's equipment informs the occupants, and the status of the occupants is also transmitted to the PnP vehicle where status information is delivered by nomadic devices.

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General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
15-Jul-2019
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
07-Jun-2019
Completion Date
16-Jul-2019
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ISO/TR 21735:2019 - Intelligent transport systems -- Framework architecture for plug and play (PnP) functionality in vehicles utilizing nomadic devices
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TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 21735
First edition
2019-07
Intelligent transport systems —
Framework architecture for plug and
play (PnP) functionality in vehicles
utilizing nomadic devices
Reference number
ISO/TR 21735:2019(E)
ISO 2019
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ISO/TR 21735:2019(E)
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© ISO 2019

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ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 21735:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

5 Conventions ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6 Technical information ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6.1 General descriptions .......................................................................................................................................................................... 2

6.2 Framework architecture for in-vehicle PnP ................................................................................................................... 3

6.3 Information transmission logic ................................................................................................................................................ 3

6.4 Information from a PNP vehicle to occupants ............................................................................................................. 4

6.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.4.2 Sensor related information ..................................................................................................................................... 4

6.4.3 Communication related information .............................................................................................................. 5

6.4.4 Mechanical related information ......................................................................................................................... 5

6.5 Information from occupant to PnP vehicle ..................................................................................................................... 5

6.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.5.2 Occupants’ information ........................................................................................................................................... ... 5

7 Use case scenario ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

7.1 Use case 1 — Acceptance and denial of service usage ......................................................................................... 6

7.1.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

7.1.2 Description .................. .................................................... ...................................................................................................... 6

7.1.3 Example ................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

7.2 Use case 2 — Ownership exchanging .................................................................................................................................. 7

7.2.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

7.2.2 Description .................. .................................................... ...................................................................................................... 7

7.2.3 Example ................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.3 Use case 3 — Suggestion of optimum functional package ................................................................................ 8

7.3.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.3.2 Description .................. .................................................... ...................................................................................................... 8

7.3.3 Example ................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.4 Use case 4 — Mandatory operation of functional package .............................................................................. 8

7.4.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.4.2 Description .................. .................................................... ...................................................................................................... 8

7.4.3 Example ................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/TR 21735:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 21735:2019(E)
Introduction

This document specifies framework architecture for plug and play (PnP) functionality in vehicles and

identifies the issues related to exchanging information between occupants (users) and PnP functions.

The connection between PnP vehicles and occupants is established by nomadic devices and the

exchanging information is bidirectional. The main purpose of architecture is to utilize the PnP vehicle

information and enhance the safety state and improve the convenience of occupants in PnP vehicles by

adopting various pieces of information of PnP functionality in vehicles including sensors, mechanical

equipment, and communication devices.

This document covers subjects related to representation of the status of a PnP vehicle and occupant.

The status of a PnP vehicle and occupant is represented as a safety state/availability state and driver

information, respectively. Therefore, information exchange between a PnP vehicle and occupants is

mandatory.
This system is based on the following assumptions:

— A PnP vehicle is equipped with several sensors such as radar, lidar, camera, vehicle mechanical

information such as steering, acceleration/brake, ECU, and communication devices such as WLAN,

Bluetooth. In addition, more sensors or devices can be extensible with the advance of technology,

and a PnP vehicle can adapt these devices.

— Occupants have a nomadic device such as smart phone, or wearable which can be used to exchange

information with a PnP vehicle. The health information of occupants may be delivered to a PnP

vehicle.

— The major use case is to inform the status of a PnP vehicle and occupants using the information

between a PnP vehicle and occupants.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
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TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 21735:2019(E)
Intelligent transport systems — Framework architecture
for plug and play (PnP) functionality in vehicles utilizing
nomadic devices
1 Scope

This document defines framework architecture for plug and play (PnP) vehicles and identifies the issues

related to exchanging information between occupants (users) and PnP vehicles with nomadic devices.

The purpose of architecture is to enhance PnP vehicles and the occupants’ safety state by exchanging

the information/availability from PnP vehicles and occupants’ information/status.

The function of frame architecture is to define message follows and its effect on safety state between a

PnP vehicle and the occupants. This document specifies the framework of safety state representation

between the PnP vehicle and the occupants. The state of the PnP vehicle depending on the PnP vehicle’s

equipment informs the occupants, and the status of the occupants is also transmitted to the PnP vehicle

where status information is delivered by nomadic devices.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 17419, Intelligent transport systems — Cooperative systems — Globally unique identification

ISO 17423, Intelligent transport systems — Cooperative systems — Application requirements and objectives

ISO 21217, Intelligent transport systems — Communications access for land mobiles (CALM) — Architecture

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 17419, ISO 17423 and

ISO 21217 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
plug and play
PnP

vehicle which allows attaching, switching and detaching devices, e.g. sensors, actuators or

communication devices, in the vehicle at both before and after market, and then the various applications

can be implemented using a specific function
Note 1 to entry: Plug and play is a next generation ITS concept.

Note 2 to entry: The information from the PnP function can be monitored and controlled by nomadic devices. It

could be a chance to produce small and special batches by small manufacturers, and to keep continuous value

improvement of the vehicle by switching devices to improved ones as modern desktop computers do.

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO/TR 21735:2019(E)
3.2
plug and play v
...

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