Intelligent transport systems (ITS) — Nomadic device service platform for micro mobility — Part 2: Functional requirements and dataset definitions

This document provides definitions of functional requirements for connectivity among nomadic devices, cloud servers and micro mobility during pre-trip, post-trip and while driving, which is defined in ISO/TR 22085-1, and datasets for providing seamless mobility service. In addition, it also delivers related standards required to develop and operate the service platform between a nomadic device and micro mobility with intelligent transport systems (ITS) technologies. The functional requirements and the datasets can be used as a measure of exchanging information required to promote micro mobility as a new type of urban and rural transport mode, and so increase the possibility of being included in an integrated mobility and parcel delivery system. This document defines functional requirements and messages set by use case and a dataset of each message to provide services for use cases, which are defined in ISO/TR 22085-1 as follows: — Pre-trip (Use case 1.1-1.5) — En-route (Use case 2.1-2.7) — Post-trip (Use case 3.1-3.4)

Systèmes de transport intelligents - Plateforme de services de dispositifs portables pour la micro mobilité - Partie 2 : Exigences fonctionnelles et définitions des données — Partie 2: Exigences fonctionnelles et définitions des données

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Status
Published
Publication Date
26-Jul-2021
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
27-Jul-2021
Completion Date
27-Jul-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 22085-2
First edition
2021-07
Intelligent transport systems (ITS) —
Nomadic device service platform for
micro mobility —
Part 2:
Functional requirements and dataset
definitions
Systèmes de transport intelligents - Plateforme de services de
dispositifs portables pour la micro mobilité - Partie 2 : Exigences
fonctionnelles et définitions des données —
Partie 2: Exigences fonctionnelles et définitions des données
Reference number
ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms ....................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Document overview and structure .................................................................................................................................................... 3

5 General information ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 Purpose .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Use case overview ................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

6 Functional requirements and dataset definition ............................................................................................................... 5

6.1 Functional requirements ................................................................................................................................................................ 5

6.1.1 Functional requirements with related general use cases ............................................................. 5

6.1.2 Functional requirements for the connectivity among P-ITS-S, MM and MMCS ......... 6

6.2 Dataset definitions ............................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.2 Pre-trip ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.3 En-route ................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2.4 Post-trip ................................................................................................................................................................................13

7 Dataset definitions ..........................................................................................................................................................................................15

7.1 request-mm-status ...........................................................................................................................................................................15

7.2 mm-status-response .......................................................................................................................................................................16

7.3 stop-notify-mm-status ...................................................................................................................................................................16

7.4 notify-mm-service .............................................................................................................................................................................16

7.5 stop-notify-mm-service ................................................................................................................................................................17

7.6 charging-station-information ..................................................................................................................................................17

7.7 parking-space-information .......................................................................................................................................................18

7.8 reservation-acceptance ................................................................................................................................................................18

7.9 public-transit-schedule .................................................................................................................................................................19

7.10 public-transit-reserved-information ................................................................................................................................19

7.11 navigation-route-information .................................................................................................................................................20

7.12 traffic-information ............................................................................................................................................................................20

7.13 accident-information ......................................................................................................................................................................21

7.14 danger-zone-information ...........................................................................................................................................................21

7.15 warning-message ...............................................................................................................................................................................22

7.16 toll-balance-information .............................................................................................................................................................22

7.17 disconnection-warning-message .........................................................................................................................................23

7.18 return-information ...........................................................................................................................................................................24

7.19 payment-information .....................................................................................................................................................................24

7.20 request-public-transit-schedule ...........................................................................................................................................25

7.21 request-public-transit-reservation .....................................................................................................................................25

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................26

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems.

A list of all parts in the ISO 22085 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
Introduction

Micro mobility can be defined as a small or compact-sized electric vehicle. Normally, it is designed to

be used as a first-mile and last-mile service connecting public transit routes or to provide personal

mobility with one or two passengers for a short-distance trip.

The nomadic device service platform aims to accommodate the specific needs of integrated mobility

services for either urban or rural areas. The service platform focuses on the use of data exchange

interface standards between micro mobility and nomadic devices to enable the development of cloud-

based ITS using wireless networks.

This document fosters the introduction of nomadic devices in the public transport and automotive

world. It specifies functional requirements and dataset definitions based on Vehicle Interface Data

Format (VIDF) at the application level regarding pre-trip, post-trip and while driving, in order to

identify connectivity between a user’s personal ITS stations (P-ITS-S, for example nomadic devices),

roadside-ITS-station, vehicle-ITS-station gateway (V-ITS-S) and central ITS station (C-ITS-S). The

functional requirements and the dataset can be used as a measure for exchanging information required

to implement mobility services to be included in integrated mobility and parcel delivery services.

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
Intelligent transport systems (ITS) — Nomadic device
service platform for micro mobility —
Part 2:
Functional requirements and dataset definitions
1 Scope

This document provides definitions of functional requirements for connectivity among nomadic

devices, cloud servers and micro mobility during pre-trip, post-trip and while driving, which is defined

in ISO/TR 22085-1, and datasets for providing seamless mobility service. In addition, it also delivers

related standards required to develop and operate the service platform between a nomadic device and

micro mobility with intelligent transport systems (ITS) technologies. The functional requirements and

the datasets can be used as a measure of exchanging information required to promote micro mobility

as a new type of urban and rural transport mode, and so increase the possibility of being included in an

integrated mobility and parcel delivery system.

This document defines functional requirements and messages set by use case and a dataset of each

message to provide services for use cases, which are defined in ISO/TR 22085-1 as follows:

— Pre-trip (Use case 1.1-1.5)
— En-route (Use case 2.1-2.7)
— Post-trip (Use case 3.1-3.4)
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms
3.1 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1.1
central ITS station
C-ITS-S

network server between personal ITS server (i.e. nomadic device or mobile device) and micro mobility

service provider
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
3.1.2
personal ITS station
P-ITS-S

implementation of an ITS station as a personal ITS subsystem (e.g. nomadic device or mobile device)

which provides communication connectivity via a wireless communication network (3G, 4G, and 5G),

mobile wireless broadband (WIMAX, HC-SDMA, etc.), WiFi and short-range links, such as Bluetooth,

Zigbee, etc. to connect portable devices to the motor vehicle communications system network

3.1.3
micro mobility
new concept of eco-friendly personal electric vehicle for one or two passengers
3.1.4
in mobility network
IMN

local network bus among electrical control units in MM, providing diagnostics information to P-ITS-S

through vehicle-ITS-station gateway (V-ITS-S)
3.1.5
micro mobility service provider
MMSP

service provider including parking lot management service, public transit authority, charging station

management service, tolling service authority, car sharing service, traffic information service, etc.

3.1.6
micro mobility communication network
MMCN
communication network between P-ITS-S and C-ITS-S
3.1.7
public communication network
PCN

network between MMCS and service providers used to provide MM services information on, for

example, charging stations, parking lots and traffic congestion
3.2 Abbreviated terms
C conditional
Cvt. convention (M, O, C)
DTC diagnostic trouble code
EXE executor
FR functional requirement
IMN in mobility network
ITIPS interconnected transfer information providing service
ND nomadic device
M mandatory
MEC mobile edge computing
MM micro-mobility
2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
MMCN micro mobility communication network
MMCS micro-mobility cloud server
MTS mobile tolling service
O optional
OBD on board diagnostic
PCN public communication network
R-ITS-S roadside-intelligent transport system-station
SOC state of charge
SAPSS searching available parking space service on the way
SMMRS shared micro mobility return service
V-ITS-S vehicle ITS station
WiFi wireless fidelity
4 Document overview and structure

This document provides all documents and references required to support the implementation of the

requirements related to standardized access to nomadic device service platforms for micro mobility.

This document consists of three sections:
— General information is provided in Clause 5.

Clause 5 provides a purpose and overview, including a service framework architecture.

— Functional requirements and messages set by use case are described in Clause 6.

Clause 6 specifies all use case technical requirements and datasets related to nomadic device

service platforms for micro mobility to be interfaced with micro mobility cloud servers and micro

mobility service providers. The requirements reflect functional requirements as specified in this

document.
— Datasets are described in Clause 7.

Clause 7 provides definitions of each message including message ID, dataset and data type.

5 General information
5.1 Purpose
This document addresses two major areas:

— Identification of the functional requirements for describing the P-ITS-S interfaced with V-ITS-S and

C-ITS-S (or MMCS).

— Definition of the message set required in the general use cases defined in ISO/TR 22085-1.

— Definition of the dataset of each message from the use cases.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
5.2 Use case overview

Conceptual aspects of the general use cases of ISO/TR 22085-1 are shown in Figure 1 and are

summarized in Table 1.
Figure 1 — Conceptual aspects of the general use cases in ISO/TR 22085-1
Table 1 — Use cases clusters and associated use cases overview
Title of use cases cluster Brief description

1. Pre-trip This cluster specifies the detailed use cases at the pre-trip stage for micro mobil-

ity. It includes 5 different use cases, including MM information providing service,

navigation service linked information on charging stations, pre-scanning availa-
ble parking space service, micro mobility sharing service and micro mobility as
an integrated mobility service.
— UC 1.1 – Micro mobility information providing services
— UC 1.2 – Navigation service linked information on charging stations
— UC 1.3 – Pre-scanning available parking space services
— UC 1.4 – Micro mobility sharing services
— UC 1.5 – Micro mobility as an integrated mobility service
4 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
Table 1 (continued)
Title of use cases cluster Brief description

2. En-route This cluster specifies the detailed use cases at the en-route stage for micro

mobility. It includes 7 different use cases, including traffic information providing

service, micro mobility fault management service, mobile tolling service, adaptive

route management service, searching available parking space service on the way,
keyless go service for shared micro mobility and interconnected transfer infor-
mation providing service.
— UC 2.1 – Traffic information providing service
— UC 2.2 – Micro mobility status monitoring service
— UC 2.3 – Mobile tolling service
— UC 2.4 – Adaptive route management service
— UC 2.5 – Searching available parking space service on the way.
— UC 2.6 – Keyless go service for shared micro mobility
— UC 2.7 – Interconnected transfer information providing service

3. Post-trip This cluster specifies the detailed use cases at the post-trip stage for micro mobil-

ity. It includes 4 different use cases, including micro mobility driving information

providing service, charging station information service, parked micro mobility
position providing service and sharing micro mobility return service.
— UC 3.1 – Micro mobility driving information providing service
— UC 3.2 – Charging station information service
— UC 3.3 – Parked micro mobility position providing service
— UC 3.4 – Sharing micro mobility return service
6 Functional requirements and dataset definition
6.1 Functional requirements

This document provides functional requirements (FRs) for providing integrated mobility or postal

delivery services using a P-ITS-S, for instance, a nomadic device.

The FRs consist of connectivity, power supply, data collection and data storing for services provided in

pre-trip, post-trip, and en-route phases, and requirements for components of the service platform (i.e.,

P-ITS-S, V-ITS-S, C-ITS-S [or MMCS]).
6.1.1 Functional requirements with related general use cases
Table 2 — Functional requirements overview
FR# Description

FR1 IMN of MM provides V-ITS-S with status information (mileage, SOC, DTC) of MM.

FR2 V-ITS-S provides P-ITS-S with status information of MM.
FR3 P-ITS-S provides status information of MM to a driver.
FR4 P-ITS-S sends location information along with MM status to C-ITS-S.
FR5 P-ITS-S should always be in V2N (vehicle-to-network) with MM.

C-ITS-S manages all MM-related information (e.g. charging station, parking space, navigation route

FR6
information, toll balance information).
FR7 C-ITS-S stores MM driving information and calculates balance after driving.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 5
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
6.1.2 Functional requirements for the connectivity among P-ITS-S, MM and MMCS
6.1.2.1 P-ITS-S

The P-ITS-S is always interfaced with the V-ITS-S via a wireless communication link.

6.1.2.2 MM

MM should include interfaces which can transfer the MM’s information to the P-ITS-S and the MMCS.

6.1.2.3 C-ITS-S (or MMCS)

The C-ITS-S (or MMCS) should be able to store and accumulate information related to the MM’s status.

The C-ITS-S (or MMCS) should include interfaces through which data can be exchanged between the

C-ITS-S and public service providers (e.g. car sharing service, etc.).
6.2 Dataset definitions
6.2.1 Introduction

This document provides dataset definitions which contain required data and the required data type for

each use case defined in ISO/TR 22085-1, in order to provide integrated mobility or a postal delivery

service.
6.2.2 Pre-trip
6.2.2.1 General

The following subclauses define datasets in the pre-trip phase, including information on vehicle

identification, location and status, which is provided to an MM driver through a P-ITS-S.

6.2.2.2 UC 1.1 Micro mobility information providing service

Use case 1.1 requires a dataset containing the status information of the MM. When the MM is chosen,

V-ITS-S-ID and status information of the MM and an MM driver’s P-ITS-S identification is transferred

to a C-ITS-S (or MMCS) for providing services in use case 1.1. Table 3 shows data, data type and a

description of the dataset required for use case 1.1.
Table 3 — Dataset definition for use case 1.1
Micro mobility (MM) identification (V-ITS-S-ID) and
Cluster 1- Pre-trip
status information such as SOC, DTC is provided to MM
driver, who utilizes it to decide to choose the MM or not.
Name UC 1.1 — Micro mobility informa-
tion providing service
Subclause Name Exe Description
request-mm-status
7.1 P Request that V-ITS-S notifies MM status with SOC, DTC,
mileage and V-ITS-S-ID.
mm-status-response
7.2 V Send MM status information (SOC, DTC, mileage) to P-ITS-S.
stop-notify-mm-status
7.3 P Stop the communication to the V-ITS-S.
notify-mm-service
7.4 P Send MM status information, V-ITS-S-ID, position and user
information to C-ITS-S. After the first contact, send only
the P-ITS-S position and MM status information, V-ITS-
S-ID, in a predefined time interval.
stop-notify-mm-service
7.5 P Stop the communication to the C-ITS-S.
6 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
Messages Use case
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
6.2.2.3 UC 1.2 Navigation service linked information on charging station

Use case 1.2 requires a dataset to provide routes-linked information on charging station to an MM

driver. When a destination is set, the C-ITS-S (or MMCS) collects information on expected routes for

the MM and locations of charging stations. Then, the C-ITS-S (or MMCS) transfers them to the P-ITS-S.

Information on locations of charging stations includes charging stations on the way to or nearest to the

destination. Table 4 shows data, data type and a description of the dataset required for use case 1.2.

Table 4 — Dataset definition for use case 1.2
The route to destination is guided with the charging
Cluster 1- Pre-trip
station information on a P-ITS-S. The location of the
Name UC 1.2 — Navigation service linked
charging station can include that which is nearest to
information on charging station
the destination, or one on the way to the destination.
Sub- Name Exe Description
clause
request-mm-status
7.1 P Request that V-ITS-S notifies MM status with SOC, DTC,
mileage and V-ITS-S-ID.
mm-status-response
7.2 V Send MM status information (SOC, DTC, mileage) to
P-ITS-S.
stop-notify-mm-status
7.3 P Stop the communication to the V-ITS-S.
notify-mm-service
7.4 P Send MM status information, V-ITS-S-ID, position and
user information to C-ITS-S. After the first contact, send
only the P-ITS-S position and MM status information,
V-ITS-S-ID, in a predefined time interval.
charging-station-
7.6 C Send charging station location to the P-ITS-S.
information
navigation-route-
7.11 C Send navigation route information to the P-ITS-S.
information
stop-notify-mm-service
7.5 P Stop the communication to the C-ITS-S.
6.2.2.4 UC 1.3 Pre-scanning available parking space service

Use case 1.3 requires a dataset for providing information to an MM driver in pre-trip phase on available

parking spaces near to the destination. The C-ITS-S (or MMCS) transfers the information on available

parking spaces near to the destination to the P-ITS-S. Table 5 shows data, data type and a description of

the dataset required for use case 1.3.
Table 5 — Dataset definition for use case 1.3
Prior to driving, available parking space information
Cluster 1- Pre-trip
near to the destination is scanned and provided on the
Name UC 1.3 — Pre-scanning available
P-ITS-S, related with the navigation service defined in
parking space service
UC 1.3.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 7
Use Case Messages Use Case
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
Table 5 (continued)
Sub- Name Exe Description
clause
request-mm-status
7.1 P Request that V-ITS-S notifies MM status with SOC, DTC,
mileage and V-ITS-S-ID.
mm-status-response
7.2 V Send MM status information (SOC, DTC and mileage) to
P-ITS-S.
stop-notify-mm-status
7.3 P Stop the communication to the V-ITS-S.
notify-mm-service
7.4 P Send MM status information, V-ITS-S-ID, position and
user information to C-ITS-S. After the first contact, send
only the P-ITS-S position and MM status information,
V-ITS-S-ID, in a predefined time interval.
parking-space-information
7.7 C Send available parking space information to the
P-ITS-S.
navigation-route-
7.11 C Send navigation route information to the P-ITS-S.
information
stop-notify-mm-service
7.5 P Stop the communication to the C-ITS-S.
6.2.2.5 UC 1.4 Micro mobility sharing service

Use case 1.4 requires a dataset to provide information related to the MM sharing service. Information

related to searching available MM, reservation and payment is transferred to a C-ITS-S (or MMCS).

Table 6 shows data, data type and a description of the dataset required for use case 1.4.

Table 6 — Dataset definition for use case 1.4
Reserves MM for sharing service and displays reserved
Cluster 1- Pre-trip
information on a P-ITS-S.
Name UC 1.4 — Micro mobility sharing
Available MM information is provided by a C-ITS-S (or
service
MMCS).
Sub- Name Exe Description
clause
request-mm-status
7.1 P Request that V-ITS-S notifies MM status with SOC, DTC,
mileage and V-ITS-S-ID.
mm-status-response
7.2 V Send MM status information (SOC, DTC, mileage) to
P-ITS-S.
stop-notify-mm-status
7.3 P Stop the communication to the V-ITS-S.
notify-mm-service
7.4 P Send MM status information, V-ITS-S-ID, position and
user information to C-ITS-S. After the first contact,
send only the P-ITS-S position and MM status informa-
tion, V-ITS-S-ID, in a predefined time interval.
reservation-acceptance
7.8 C Send reservation acceptance information to the
P-ITS-S.
stop-notify-mm-service
7.5 P Stop the communication to the C-ITS-S.
6.2.2.6 UC 1.5 Micro mobility as an integrated mobility service
Use case 1.5 requires a dataset to provide information
...

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 22085-2
First edition
Intelligent transport systems (ITS) —
Nomadic device service platform for
micro mobility —
Part 2:
Functional requirements and dataset
definitions
Systèmes de transport intelligents - Plateforme de services de
dispositifs portables pour la micro mobilité - Partie 2 : Exigences
fonctionnelles et définitions des données —
Partie 2: Exigences fonctionnelles et définitions des données
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms ....................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Document overview and structure .................................................................................................................................................... 3

5 General information ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 Purpose .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Use case overview ................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

6 Functional requirements and dataset definition ............................................................................................................... 5

6.1 Functional requirements ................................................................................................................................................................ 5

6.1.1 Functional requirements with related general use cases ............................................................. 5

6.1.2 Functional requirements for the connectivity among P-ITS-S, MM and MMCS ......... 6

6.2 Dataset definitions ............................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.2 Pre-trip ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.3 En-route ................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2.4 Post-trip ................................................................................................................................................................................13

7 Dataset definitions ..........................................................................................................................................................................................15

7.1 request-mm-status ...........................................................................................................................................................................15

7.2 mm-status-response .......................................................................................................................................................................16

7.3 stop-notify-mm-status ...................................................................................................................................................................16

7.4 notify-mm-service .............................................................................................................................................................................16

7.5 stop-notify-mm-service ................................................................................................................................................................17

7.6 charging-station-information ..................................................................................................................................................17

7.7 parking-space-information .......................................................................................................................................................18

7.8 reservation-acceptance ................................................................................................................................................................18

7.9 public-transit-schedule .................................................................................................................................................................19

7.10 public-transit-reserved-information ................................................................................................................................19

7.11 navigation-route-information .................................................................................................................................................20

7.12 traffic-information ............................................................................................................................................................................20

7.13 accident-information ......................................................................................................................................................................21

7.14 danger-zone-information ...........................................................................................................................................................21

7.15 warning-message ...............................................................................................................................................................................22

7.16 toll-balance-information .............................................................................................................................................................22

7.17 disconnection-warning-message .........................................................................................................................................23

7.18 return-information ...........................................................................................................................................................................24

7.19 payment-information .....................................................................................................................................................................24

7.20 request-public-transit-schedule ...........................................................................................................................................25

7.21 request-public-transit-reservation .....................................................................................................................................25

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................26

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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems.

A list of all parts in the ISO 22085 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
Introduction

Micro mobility can be defined as a small or compact-sized electric vehicle. Normally, it is designed to

be used as a first-mile and last-mile service connecting public transit routes or to provide personal

mobility with one or two passengers for a short-distance trip.

The nomadic device service platform aims to accommodate the specific needs of integrated mobility

services for either urban or rural areas. The service platform focuses on the use of data exchange

interface standards between micro mobility and nomadic devices to enable the development of cloud-

based ITS using wireless networks.

This document fosters the introduction of nomadic devices in the public transport and automotive

world. It specifies functional requirements and dataset definitions based on Vehicle Interface Data

Format (VIDF) at the application level regarding pre-trip, post-trip and while driving, in order to

identify connectivity between a user’s personal ITS stations (P-ITS-S, for example nomadic devices),

roadside-ITS-station, vehicle-ITS-station gateway (V-ITS-S) and central ITS station (C-ITS-S). The

functional requirements and the dataset can be used as a measure for exchanging information required

to implement mobility services to be included in integrated mobility and parcel delivery services.

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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
Intelligent transport systems (ITS) — Nomadic device
service platform for micro mobility —
Part 2:
Functional requirements and dataset definitions
1 Scope

This document provides definitions of functional requirements for connectivity among nomadic

devices, cloud servers and micro mobility during pre-trip, post-trip and while driving, which is defined

in ISO/TR 22085-1, and datasets for providing seamless mobility service. In addition, it also delivers

related standards required to develop and operate the service platform between a nomadic device and

micro mobility with intelligent transport systems (ITS) technologies. The functional requirements and

the datasets can be used as a measure of exchanging information required to promote micro mobility

as a new type of urban and rural transport mode, and so increase the possibility of being included in an

integrated mobility and parcel delivery system.

This document defines functional requirements and messages set by use case and a dataset of each

message to provide services for use cases, which are defined in ISO/TR 22085-1 as follows:

— Pre-trip (Use case 1.1-1.5)
— En-route (Use case 2.1-2.7)
— Post-trip (Use case 3.1-3.4)
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms
3.1 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at https:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1.1
central ITS station
C-ITS-S

network server between personal ITS server (i.e. nomadic device or mobile device) and micro mobility

service provider
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
3.1.2
personal ITS station
P-ITS-S

implementation of an ITS station as a personal ITS subsystem (e.g. nomadic device or mobile device)

which provides communication connectivity via a wireless communication network (3G, 4G, and 5G),

mobile wireless broadband (WIMAX, HC-SDMA, etc.), WiFi and short-range links, such as Bluetooth,

Zigbee, etc. to connect portable devices to the motor vehicle communications system network

3.1.3
micro mobility
new concept of eco-friendly personal electric vehicle for one or two passengers
3.1.4
in mobility network
IMN

local network bus among electrical control units in MM, providing diagnostics information to P-ITS-S

through vehicle-ITS-station gateway (V-ITS-S)
3.1.5
micro mobility service provider
MMSP

service provider including parking lot management service, public transit authority, charging station

management service, tolling service authority, car sharing service, traffic information service, etc.

3.1.6
micro mobility communication network
MMCN
communication network between P-ITS-S and C-ITS-S
3.1.7
public communication network
PCN

network between MMCS and service providers used to provide MM services information on, for

example, charging stations, parking lots and traffic congestion
3.2 Abbreviated terms
C conditional
Cvt. convention (M, O, C)
DTC diagnostic trouble code
EXE executor
FR functional requirement
IMN in mobility network
ITIPS interconnected transfer information providing service
ND nomadic device
M mandatory
MEC mobile edge computing
MM micro-mobility
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
MMCN micro mobility communication network
MMCS micro-mobility cloud server
MTS mobile tolling service
O optional
OBD on board diagnostic
PCN public communication network
R-ITS-S roadside-intelligent transport system-station
SOC state of charge
SAPSS searching available parking space service on the way
SMMRS shared micro mobility return service
V-ITS-S vehicle ITS station
WiFi wireless fidelity
4 Document overview and structure

This document provides all documents and references required to support the implementation of the

requirements related to standardized access to nomadic device service platforms for micro mobility.

This document consists of three sections:
— General information is provided in Clause 5.

Clause 5 provides a purpose and overview, including a service framework architecture.

— Functional requirements and messages set by use case are described in Clause 6.

Clause 6 specifies all use case technical requirements and datasets related to nomadic device

service platforms for micro mobility to be interfaced with micro mobility cloud servers and micro

mobility service providers. The requirements reflect functional requirements as specified in this

document.
— Datasets are described in Clause 7.

Clause 7 provides definitions of each message including message ID, dataset and data type.

5 General information
5.1 Purpose
This document addresses two major areas:

— Identification of the functional requirements for describing the P-ITS-S interfaced with V-ITS-S and

C-ITS-S (or MMCS).

— Definition of the message set required in the general use cases defined in ISO/TR 22085-1.

— Definition of the dataset of each message from the use cases.
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
5.2 Use case overview

Conceptual aspects of the general use cases of ISO/TR 22085-1 are shown in Figure 1 and are

summarized in Table 1.
Figure 1 — Conceptual aspects of the general use cases in ISO/TR 22085-1
Table 1 — Use cases clusters and associated use cases overview
Title of use cases cluster Brief description

1. Pre-trip This cluster specifies the detailed use cases at the pre-trip stage for micro mobil-

ity. It includes 5 different use cases, including MM information providing service,

navigation service linked information on charging stations, pre-scanning availa-
ble parking space service, micro mobility sharing service and micro mobility as
an integrated mobility service.
— UC 1.1 – Micro mobility information providing services
— UC 1.2 – Navigation service linked information on charging stations
— UC 1.3 – Pre-scanning available parking space services
— UC 1.4 – Micro mobility sharing services
— UC 1.5 – Micro mobility as an integrated mobility service
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
Table 1 (continued)
Title of use cases cluster Brief description

2. En-route This cluster specifies the detailed use cases at the en-route stage for micro

mobility. It includes 7 different use cases, including traffic information providing

service, micro mobility fault management service, mobile tolling service, adaptive

route management service, searching available parking space service on the way,
keyless go service for shared micro mobility and interconnected transfer infor-
mation providing service.
— UC 2.1 – Traffic information providing service
— UC 2.2 – Micro mobility status monitoring service
— UC 2.3 – Mobile tolling service
— UC 2.4 – Adaptive route management service
— UC 2.5 – Searching available parking space service on the way.
— UC 2.6 – Keyless go service for shared micro mobility
— UC 2.7 – Interconnected transfer information providing service

3. Post-trip This cluster specifies the detailed use cases at the post-trip stage for micro mobil-

ity. It includes 4 different use cases, including micro mobility driving information

providing service, charging station information service, parked micro mobility
position providing service and sharing micro mobility return service.
— UC 3.1 – Micro mobility driving information providing service
— UC 3.2 – Charging station information service
— UC 3.3 – Parked micro mobility position providing service
— UC 3.4 – Sharing micro mobility return service
6 Functional requirements and dataset definition
6.1 Functional requirements

This document provides functional requirements (FRs) for providing integrated mobility or postal

delivery services using a P-ITS-S, for instance, a nomadic device.

The FRs consist of connectivity, power supply, data collection and data storing for services provided in

pre-trip, post-trip, and en-route phases, and requirements for components of the service platform (i.e.,

P-ITS-S, V-ITS-S, C-ITS-S [or MMCS]).
6.1.1 Functional requirements with related general use cases
Table 2 — Functional requirements overview
FR# Description

FR1 IMN of MM provides V-ITS-S with status information (mileage, SOC, DTC) of MM.

FR2 V-ITS-S provides P-ITS-S with status information of MM.
FR3 P-ITS-S provides status information of MM to a driver.
FR4 P-ITS-S sends location information along with MM status to C-ITS-S.
FR5 P-ITS-S should always be in V2N (vehicle-to-network) with MM.

C-ITS-S manages all MM-related information (e.g. charging station, parking space, navigation route

FR6
information, toll balance information).
FR7 C-ITS-S stores MM driving information and calculates balance after driving.
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
6.1.2 Functional requirements for the connectivity among P-ITS-S, MM and MMCS
6.1.2.1 P-ITS-S

The P-ITS-S is always interfaced with the V-ITS-S via a wireless communication link.

6.1.2.2 MM

MM should include interfaces which can transfer the MM’s information to the P-ITS-S and the MMCS.

6.1.2.3 C-ITS-S (or MMCS)

The C-ITS-S (or MMCS) should be able to store and accumulate information related to the MM’s status.

The C-ITS-S (or MMCS) should include interfaces through which data can be exchanged between the

C-ITS-S and public service providers (e.g. car sharing service, etc.).
6.2 Dataset definitions
6.2.1 Introduction

This document provides dataset definitions which contain required data and the required data type for

each use case defined in ISO/TR 22085-1, in order to provide integrated mobility or a postal delivery

service.
6.2.2 Pre-trip
6.2.2.1 General

The following subclauses define datasets in the pre-trip phase, including information on vehicle

identification, location and status, which is provided to an MM driver through a P-ITS-S.

6.2.2.2 UC 1.1 Micro mobility information providing service

Use case 1.1 requires a dataset containing the status information of the MM. When the MM is chosen,

V-ITS-S-ID and status information of the MM and an MM driver’s P-ITS-S identification is transferred

to a C-ITS-S (or MMCS) for providing services in use case 1.1. Table 3 shows data, data type and a

description of the dataset required for use case 1.1.
Table 3 — Dataset definition for use case 1.1
Micro mobility (MM) identification (V-ITS-S-ID) and
Cluster 1- Pre-trip
status information such as SOC, DTC is provided to MM
driver, who utilizes it to decide to choose the MM or not.
Name UC 1.1 — Micro mobility informa-
tion providing service
Subclause Name Exe Description
request-mm-status
7.1 P Request that V-ITS-S notifies MM status with SOC, DTC,
mileage and V-ITS-S-ID.
mm-status-response
7.2 V Send MM status information (SOC, DTC, mileage) to P-ITS-S.
stop-notify-mm-status
7.3 P Stop the communication to the V-ITS-S.
notify-mm-service
7.4 P Send MM status information, V-ITS-S-ID, position and user
information to C-ITS-S. After the first contact, send only
the P-ITS-S position and MM status information, V-ITS-
S-ID, in a predefined time interval.
stop-notify-mm-service
7.5 P Stop the communication to the C-ITS-S.
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Messages Use case
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
6.2.2.3 UC 1.2 Navigation service linked information on charging station

Use case 1.2 requires a dataset to provide routes-linked information on charging station to an MM

driver. When a destination is set, the C-ITS-S (or MMCS) collects information on expected routes for

the MM and locations of charging stations. Then, the C-ITS-S (or MMCS) transfers them to the P-ITS-S.

Information on locations of charging stations includes charging stations on the way to or nearest to the

destination. Table 4 shows data, data type and a description of the dataset required for use case 1.2.

Table 4 — Dataset definition for use case 1.2
The route to destination is guided with the charging
Cluster 1- Pre-trip
station information on a P-ITS-S. The location of the
Name UC 1.2 — Navigation service linked
charging station can include that which is nearest to
information on charging station
the destination, or one on the way to the destination.
Sub- Name Exe Description
clause
request-mm-status
7.1 P Request that V-ITS-S notifies MM status with SOC, DTC,
mileage and V-ITS-S-ID.
mm-status-response
7.2 V Send MM status information (SOC, DTC, mileage) to
P-ITS-S.
stop-notify-mm-status
7.3 P Stop the communication to the V-ITS-S.
notify-mm-service
7.4 P Send MM status information, V-ITS-S-ID, position and
user information to C-ITS-S. After the first contact, send
only the P-ITS-S position and MM status information,
V-ITS-S-ID, in a predefined time interval.
charging-station-
7.6 C Send charging station location to the P-ITS-S.
information
navigation-route-
7.11 C Send navigation route information to the P-ITS-S.
information
stop-notify-mm-service
7.5 P Stop the communication to the C-ITS-S.
6.2.2.4 UC 1.3 Pre-scanning available parking space service

Use case 1.3 requires a dataset for providing information to an MM driver in pre-trip phase on available

parking spaces near to the destination. The C-ITS-S (or MMCS) transfers the information on available

parking spaces near to the destination to the P-ITS-S. Table 5 shows data, data type and a description of

the dataset required for use case 1.3.
Table 5 — Dataset definition for use case 1.3
Prior to driving, available parking space information
Cluster 1- Pre-trip
near to the destination is scanned and provided on the
Name UC 1.3 — Pre-scanning available
P-ITS-S, related with the navigation service defined in
parking space service
UC 1.3.
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Use Case Messages Use Case
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ISO 22085-2:2021(E)
Table 5 (continued)
Sub- Name Exe Description
clause
request-mm-status
7.1 P Request that V-ITS-S notifies MM status with SOC, DTC,
mileage and V-ITS-S-ID.
mm-status-response
7.2 V Send MM status information (SOC, DTC and mileage) to
P-ITS-S.
stop-notify-mm-status
7.3 P Stop the communication to the V-ITS-S.
notify-mm-service
7.4 P Send MM status information, V-ITS-S-ID, position and
user information to C-ITS-S. After the first contact, send
only the P-ITS-S position and MM status information,
V-ITS-S-ID, in a predefined time interval.
parking-space-information
7.7 C Send available parking space information to the
P-ITS-S.
navigation-route-
7.11 C Send navigation route information to the P-ITS-S.
information
stop-notify-mm-service
7.5 P Stop the communication to the C-ITS-S.
6.2.2.5 UC 1.4 Micro mobility sharing service

Use case 1.4 requires a dataset to provide information related to the MM sharing service. Information

related to searching available MM, reservation and payment is transferred to a C-ITS-S (or MMCS).

Table 5 shows data, data type and a description of the dataset required for use case 1.4.

Table 6 — Dataset definition for use case 1.4
Reserves MM for sharing service and displays reserved
Cluster 1- Pre-trip
information on a P-ITS-S.
Name UC 1.4 — Micro mobility sharing
Available MM information is provided by a C-ITS-S (or
service
MMCS).
Sub- Name Exe Description
clause
request-mm-status
7.1 P Request that V-ITS-S notifies MM status with SOC, DTC,
mileage and V-ITS-S-ID.
mm-status-response
7.2 V Send MM status information (SOC, DTC, mileage) to
P-ITS-S.
stop-notify-mm-status
7.3 P Stop the communication to the V-ITS-S.
notify-mm-service
7.4 P Send MM status information, V-ITS-S-ID, position and
user information to C-ITS-S. After the first contact,
send only the P-ITS-S position and MM status informa-
tion, V-ITS-S-ID, in a predefined time interval.
reservation-acceptance
7.8 C Send reservation acceptance information to the
P-ITS-S.
stop-notify-mm-service
7.5 P Stop the
...

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