Information technology -- Learning, education and training -- Metadata for learning resources

ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015 provides data elements for the description of persons (individual or organization) that are related to the description of a learning resource. These elements can later be combined with other descriptive elements from other type 1 parts of ISO/IEC 19788 or other standards to provide the description of a learning resource and of related entities needed for that description.

Technologie de l'information -- Apprentissage, éducation et formation -- Métadonnées pour ressources d'apprentissage

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Published
Publication Date
05-Nov-2015
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9093 - International Standard confirmed
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08-Mar-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 19788-9
First edition
2015-11-15
Information technology — Learning,
education and training — Metadata
for learning resources —
Part 9:
Data elements for persons
Technologie de l’information — Apprentissage, éducation et
formation — Métadonnées pour ressources d’apprentissage —
Partie 9: Éléments de données pour les personnes
Reference number
ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
ISO/IEC 2015
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2015, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

1.1 Scope of MLR International Standard ................................................................................................................................. 1

1.2 Scope of this part of ISO/IEC 19788 — Data elements for persons .......................................................... 1

1.3 Exclusions .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms ........................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Data element specifications ...................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.1 Identifier (DES0100) ......................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.2 Name (DES0200) .................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.3 Family Name (DES0300) ................................................................................................................................................................ 3

5.4 Given Name (DES0400) ................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.5 Contact Information (DES0500) .............................................................................................................................................. 4

5.6 vCard Text (DES0600) ...................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.7 Email Address (DES0700) ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.8 Affiliation (DES0800) ........................................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.9 Geolocation (DES0900) ................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.10 Latitude (DES1000) ............................................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.11 Longitude (DES1100) ....................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.12 Has Communication Account (DES1200) ........................................................................................................................ 8

5.13 Service Provided (DES1300) ...................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.14 VoIP ID (DES1400) .............................................................................................................................................................................. 9

5.15 Social Network Name (DES1500) ........................................................................................................................................... 9

5.16 Social Network ID (DES1600) .................................................................................................................................................10

5.17 Phone Type (DES1700) ................................................................................................................................................................10

5.18 Phone Number (DES1800) ........................................................................................................................................................11

6 Resource Classes ................................................................................................................................................................................................11

6.1 Resource classes from ISO/IEC 19788-1 and other parts ..............................................................................11

6.2 Resource classes defined in this part of ISO/IEC 19788 ..................................................................................11

6.2.1 Resource class “Natural Person” .....................................................................................................................11

6.2.2 Resource class “Organization” ...........................................................................................................................11

6.2.3 Resource class “Geographic Point” ................................................................................................................12

6.2.4 Resource class “Communication Account” .............................................................................................12

6.2.5 Resource class “VoIP Account” ..........................................................................................................................12

6.2.6 Resource class “Social Network Account” ...............................................................................................12

6.2.7 Resource class “Telephone Account” ...........................................................................................................12

6.2.8 Resource class “VCard” ............................................................................................................................................13

7 Predefined rule sets .......................................................................................................................................................................................13

7.1 Predefined rule sets from ISO/IEC 19788-1 and other parts ......................................................................13

7.2 Rule sets defined in this part of ISO/IEC 19788 .....................................................................................................13

8 Predefined Data Element Group Specifications (DEGS) ...........................................................................................13

8.1 Location Data Element Group Specification ...............................................................................................................13

Annex A (normative) MLR vocabularies ........................................................................................................................................................14

Annex B (normative) Language equivalents: English, French and Russian ..............................................................15

Annex C (normative) XML Names: English, French and Russian ..........................................................................................17

Annex D (normative) Data Element Specification (DES) diagram ......................................................................................19

Annex E (informative) Crosswalk to MLR .....................................................................................................................................................20

© ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................23

iv © ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical

activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work. In the field of information technology, ISO and IEC have established a joint technical committee,

ISO/IEC JTC 1.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for

the different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights. Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the

Introduction and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology, Subcommittee

SC 36, Information technology for learning, education and training.

ISO/IEC 19788 consists of the following parts, under the general title Information technology —

Learning, education and training — Metadata for learning resources:
— Part 1: Framework
— Part 2: Dublin Core elements
— Part 3: Basic application profile
— Part 4: Technical elements
— Part 5: Educational elements
— Part 8: Data elements for MLR records
The following parts are under preparation:
— Part 7: Bindings
— Part 9: Data elements for persons
— Part 11: Migration from the LOM to MLR
© ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved v
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ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
Introduction

The primary purpose of ISO/IEC 19788 is to facilitate (1) the description of a learning resource by

providing a standards-based approach to the identification and specification of the metadata elements

required to describe a learning resource, e.g. as a metadata learning resource (MLR) record, and (2)

the search, discovery, acquisition, evaluation, and use of learning resources, for instance, by learners,

instructors or automated software processes.

This International Standard is modularly structured with all subsequent parts corresponding to a

specified set of user requirements for the identification and specification of metadata elements having

a particular focus and intended use in the description of a learning resource. This includes categories of

metadata elements focused on technical perspectives, pedagogical aspects, availability and intellectual

property aspects, bindings, etc.

This part of ISO/IEC 19788 uses the data element specification model and framework provided in

ISO/IEC 19788-1 to specify data elements for the description of persons (individual or organization).

Persons here are entities that need description because they are related to a learning resource (e.g. they

created or contributed to the learning resource). Data elements specified in this part of ISO/IEC 19788

can provide, for example, the given name, family name and email address of such a person contributing

to the learning resource under description.
vi © ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
Information technology — Learning, education and
training — Metadata for learning resources —
Part 9:
Data elements for persons
1 Scope
1.1 Scope of MLR International Standard

The primary purpose of this International Standard is to specify metadata elements and their attributes

for the description of learning resources. This includes the rules governing the identification of data

elements and the specification of their attributes.

This International Standard provides data elements for the description of learning resources and

resources directly related to learning resources.

This International Standard provides principles, rules and structures for the specification of the

description of a learning resource; it identifies and specifies the attributes of a data element, as well

as the rules governing their use. The key principles stated in ISO/IEC 19788-1 are informed by a

user requirements-driven context with the aim of supporting multilingual and cultural adaptability

requirements from a global perspective.

ISO/IEC 19788-1 is information technology neutral and defines a set of common approaches, i.e.

methodologies and constructs, which apply to the development of the subsequent parts of ISO/IEC 19788.

1.2 Scope of this part of ISO/IEC 19788 — Data elements for persons

This part of ISO/IEC 19788 provides data elements for the description of persons (individual or

organization) that are related to the description of a learning resource.

These elements can later be combined with other descriptive elements from other type 1 parts of

ISO/IEC 19788 or other standards to provide the description of a learning resource and of related

entities needed for that description.
1.3 Exclusions

Excluded from the scope of this part of ISO/IEC 19788 are descriptive elements of a person as a learning

resource. The provision of descriptive elements of a person as a learning resource might be addressed

in another (future) part of ISO/IEC 19788.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 6709:2008, Standard representation of geographic point location by coordinates

ISO/IEC 19788-1, Information technology — Learning, education and training — Metadata for learning

resources — Part 1: Framework
© ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 19788-1 and the

following apply.
3.1
document
piece of written, printed, or electronic matter that provides information
[SOURCE: Adapted from the Oxford English Dictionary]
3.2
vCard

document (3.1) that provides contact information about a person (individual or organization) and

that is conformant with the vCard 4.0 specification (IETF RFC6350) or earlier vCard 3.0 or vCard 2.1

specifications

Note 1 to entry: IETF RFC 6350 is available as http://tools.ietf.org/pdf/rfc6350.pdf.

Note 2 to entry: All conformant vCards contains a value for the VERSION property.

4 Symbols and abbreviated terms
DEGS Data Element Group Specification
DES Data Element Specification
FOAF Friend of a Friend
GPS Global Positioning System
IRM International Reference Meridian
PRS Predefined Rule Set
RC Resource Class
URI Uniform Resource Identifier
WGS World Geodetic System
5 Data element specifications
5.1 Identifier (DES0100)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES0100
Data element specification attributes
Property name identifier
alphanumeric string uniquely associated with a person
(individual or organization) that serves to differentiate that
Definition
person from other persons within a referenced identification
schema
Linguistic indicator linguistic
Person
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-1:2011::RC0003)
2 © ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
Data element specification
Codomain literal
MLR STRING
Content value rules
(ISO_IEC_19788-1:2011::PRS0001)
Refines —
1) Union List of Artist Names ID: 500208005 (English)
Example(s)
2) Union List of Artist Names ID: 500218573 (English)
1. Precede the identifier with the name of the entity
responsible for assigning the identifier.
Note(s)
2. See examples in Reference [2], sections 9.18
and 11.11.
5.2 Name (DES0200)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES0200
Data element specification attributes
Property name name
word, phrase, character, or group of characters by which a
Definition
person (individual or organization) is known
Linguistic indicator linguistic
Person
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-1:2011::RC0003)
Codomain literal
MLR STRING
Content value rules
(ISO_IEC_19788-1:2011::PRS0001)
Refines —
ﻦﺑﺍﺎﻨﻴ ﺳ
1) (Arabic)
2) Hong Gil-dong (English)
Example(s)
䞁Ὤ┍
(Korean)
3) Université du Québec à Montréal (French)
1. Refines http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name
Note(s)
2. See examples in Reference [2], sections 9.2 and 11.2.
5.3 Family Name (DES0300)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES0300
Data element specification attributes
Property name family name
name common to all members of the individual’s family (as
Definition
distinguished from each member’s given name)
Linguistic indicator linguistic
Natural Person
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0001)
Codomain literal
© ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
Data element specification
MLR STRING
Content value rules
(ISO_IEC_19788-1:2011::PRS0001)
Refines —
Example(s) 䞁
(Korean)
1. Synonym for “family name”: surname
2. In some societies or culture, there are no “family names”
as such or the full name of the individual consists of
Note(s)
a single name (a single character string). In such
cases, use DES0200 instead of DES0300.
3. Refines http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/familyName
5.4 Given Name (DES0400)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES0400
Data element specification attributes
Property name given name
personal name that specifies and differentiates between
Definition members of a group of individuals, especially in a family, all
of whose members usually share the same family name
Linguistic indicator linguistic
Natural Person
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0001)
Codomain literal
MLR STRING
Content value rules
(ISO_IEC_19788-1:2011::PRS0001)
Refines —
Example(s) Ὤ┍
(Korean)
Note(s) Refines http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/givenName
5.5 Contact Information (DES0500)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES0500
Data element specification attributes
Property name contact information
Definition contact information related to the person, as a vCard
Linguistic indicator non-linguistic
Person
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0003)
VCard
Codomain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0008)
Content value rules N/A
Refines —
4 © ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
Data element specification
1) Resource denoted by http://example.com/v314159.vcf
Example(s)
2) Resource denoted by
urn:uuid:690e54c0-c37e-11e4-8135-0002a5d5c51b
Note(s) —
5.6 vCard Text (DES0600)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES0600
Data element specification attributes
Property name vCard text
Definition text content of the vCard
Linguistic indicator non-linguistic
VCard
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0008)
Codomain literal
Content value rules RS_DES0600
Refines —
BEGIN:VCARD
VERSION:4.0
UID:urn:uuid:ed7e0980-c2ca-11e4-bd82-0002a5d5c51b
KIND:org
Example(s)
FN;LANGUAGE=en:International Organization for Standardization
FN;LANGUAGE=fr:Organisation internationale de normalisation
FN;LANGUAGE=ru:Международная организация по стандартизации
END:VCARD
The vCard example is the value of ‘vCard text’ for the vCard
Note(s)
denoted by urn:uuid:690e54c0-c37e-11e4-8135-0002a5d5c51b.
ID: RS_DES0600
Rule_ID Rule statement/Example(s) & Note(s)
01 A MLR STRING (ISO_IEC_19788-1:2011::PRS0001)

02 Shall be conformant with the vCard 4.0 specification (IETF RFC6350) or earlier vCard 3.0 or

vCard 2.1 specifications
5.7 Email Address (DES0700)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES0700
Data element specification attributes
Property name email address
Definition an Internet mailbox associated with the individual
Linguistic indicator non-linguistic
Natural Person
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0001)
Codomain literal
© ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved 5
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ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
Data element specification
MLR STRING
Content value rules
(ISO_IEC_19788-1:2011::PRS0001)
Refines —
Example(s) —
Note(s) —
5.8 Affiliation (DES0800)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES0800
Data element specification attributes
Property name affiliation
Definition an organization with which the individual is associated
Linguistic indicator non-linguistic
Natural Person
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0001)
Organization
Codomain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0002)
Content value rules N/A
Refines —
Example(s) —
Note(s) —
5.9 Geolocation (DES0900)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES0900
Data element specification attributes
Property name geolocation
Definition real-world geographic location of the organization
Linguistic indicator non-linguistic
Organization
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0002)
Geographic Point
Codomain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0003)
Content value rules N/A
Refines —
Example(s) —
Note(s) —
5.10 Latitude (DES1000)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES1000
Data element specification attributes
6 © ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
Data element specification
Property name latitude
angle, in degrees, of a point on Earth in relation to the equator
as per the World Geodetic System (WGS 84) (Latitude is
Definition
positive for a place above the equator and negative for a place
below the equator)
Linguistic indicator non-linguistic
Geographic Point
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0003)
Codomain literal
Content value rules RS_DES1000
Refines —
1) 45.239483
Example(s)
2) 45°14’22.1388”N
1. For more information concerning the World Geodetic
System (WGS84), see Reference [5].
2. WGS 84 is currently the reference system used by the
Note(s)
Global Positioning System (GPS).
3. Example 1 (above) uses the ‘decimal degrees notation’ and
Example 2 uses the ‘degrees, minutes, seconds notation’.
ID: RS_DES1000
Rule_ID Rule statement/Example(s) & Note(s)

01 Values for the latitude may be either given as decimal number (“decimal degrees”) — this is the

preferred form — or using the sexagesimal notation (“degrees minutes seconds”).

02 If the sexagesimal notation is used to express the latitude, then it shall conform with ISO 6709:2008,

Annex D, items e), f) and g).
5.11 Longitude (DES1100)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES1100
Data element specification attributes
Property name longitude
angle, in degrees, of a point on Earth east or west from a
reference line — the International Reference Meridian IRM) — as
Definition
per the World Geodetic System (WGS 84) (Longitude east of
the IRM is positive and longitude west of the IRM is negative)
Linguistic indicator non-linguistic
Geographic Point
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0003)
Codomain literal
Content value rules RS_DES1100
Refines —
1) -72.544487
Example(s)
2) 72°32’40.1532”W
© ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved 7
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ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
Data element specification
1. The International Reference Meridian is about 102
meters from the Royal Observatory, Greenwich.
2. For more information concerning the World Geodetic
System (WGS 84), see Reference [5].
Note(s) 3. WGS 84 is currently the reference system used by the
Global Positioning System (GPS).
4. The 180th meridian is negative.
5. Example 1 (above) uses the ‘decimal degrees notation’ and
Example 2 uses the ‘degrees, minutes, seconds notation’.
ID: RS_DES1100
Rule_ID Rule statement/Example(s) & Note(s)

01 Values for the longitude may be either given as decimal number (“decimal degrees”) — this is the

preferred form — or using the sexagesimal notation (“degrees minutes seconds”).

02 If the sexagesimal notation is used to express the longitude, then it shall conform with ISO 6709:2008,

Annex D, items e), f) and h).
5.12 Has Communication Account (DES1200)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES1200
Data element specification attributes
Property name has communication account
account on a communication system (voice over IP system,
Definition
social network…)
Linguistic indicator non-linguistic
Person
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-1:2011::RC0003)
Communication Account
Codomain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0004)
Content value rules N/A
Refines —
Example(s) —
Note(s) —
5.13 Service Provided (DES1300)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES1300
Data element specification attributes
Property name service provided
Definition name of voice over IP system related to account
Linguistic indicator linguistic
VoIP Account
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0005)
Codomain literal
8 © ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights reserved
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ISO/IEC 19788-9:2015(E)
Data element specification
Note(s) —
5.16 Social Network ID (DES1600)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES1600
Data element specification attributes
Property name social network ID
identifier registered for the social network
Definition
system account
Linguistic indicator non-linguistic
Social Network Account
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0006)
Codomain literal
MLR STRING
Content value rules
(ISO_IEC_19788-1:2011::PRS0001)
Refines —
Example(s) —
Note(s) —
5.17 Phone Type (DES1700)
Data element specification
Identifier ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::DES1700
Data element specification attributes
Property name phone type
characteristics associated with the telephone (e.g. home,
Definition
work, fixed, mobile…)
Linguistic indicator non-linguistic
Telephone Account
Domain
(ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::RC0007)
Codomain literal
Content value rules RS_DES1700
Refines —
1) ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::VA.2.1:T010 (home)
Example(s)
2) ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015::VA.2.1:T040 (mobile)
Note(s) —
ID: RS_DES1700
Rule_ID Rule statement/Example(s) & Note(s)
01 Is an MLR STRING (ISO_IEC_19788-1:2011::PRS0001)

02 Is the identifier of an entry from the coded domain ISO_IEC_19788-9:2015:VA.2.1 “Phone types”

10 © ISO/IEC 2015 – All rights re
...

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