Intelligent transport systems (ITS) -- Nomadic device service platform for micro-mobility

This document provides the service framework to identify the connectivity between nomadic devices, cloud servers and micro-mobility in pre-trip, en-route and post-trip. The service framework can promote micro-mobility as a new type of urban and rural transport mode and increase the possibility to be included in an integrated mobility system. Micro-mobility can be defined as a small or compact sized electric vehicle. Normally, it is designed to be used as a first-mile and last-mile service connecting public transit routes or to provide personal mobility with one or two passengers for a short distance trip. The vehicle types of micro-mobility are very wide, including three or four wheeled micro electric vehicle, electric utility task vehicle, electric bike, electric kick scooter, electric skateboard, and electric self-balancing unicycles. This document focuses on three or four wheeled micro electric vehicle. The nomadic device service framework aims to accommodate the specific needs of integrated mobility services for either urban or rural areas. The service framework focuses on the use of data exchange interface standards between micro-mobility and nomadic devices to enable the development of cloud-based intelligent transport systems (ITS) using wireless networks. A nomadic device needs to be connected with micro-mobility reliably and consistently. In addition, it is necessary to provide power supply interface for stable nomadic device operation. The service framework and use cases described in this document include: — The service framework architecture between nomadic devices, micro-mobility and cloud servers. — Use cases that are are divided into three categories including pre-trip, en-route, and post-trip: — Pre-trip service configuration: the pre-trip use cases provide micro-mobility information, on-demand navigation service with charging station and available parking lots, and reserving micro-mobility car sharing services. — En-route service configuration: the en-route use cases provide ITS information, e.g. traffic conditions, safety information, and toll service. The use cases also provide information on available parking lots and charging stations when the micro-mobility vehicle approaches a destination. — Post-trip service configuration: the post-trip use cases provide micro-mobility driving records, battery level, parking location information, and a return service for shared micro-mobility. — Guidance documents to facilitate the practical implementation of diverse ITS service providers including related use cases. This work includes the identification of existing ISO/TC 204 International Standards in ITS and existing vehicle communication network access standards.

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Status
Published
Publication Date
15-May-2019
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
17-Apr-2019
Completion Date
16-May-2019
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ISO/TR 22085-1:2019 - Intelligent transport systems (ITS) -- Nomadic device service platform for micro-mobility
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TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 22085-1
First edition
2019-05
Intelligent transport systems (ITS) —
Nomadic device service platform for
micro-mobility —
Part 1:
General information and use case
definitions
Reference number
ISO/TR 22085-1:2019(E)
ISO 2019
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TR 22085-1:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 22085-1:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms ....................................................................................................... 2

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Document overview and structure .................................................................................................................................................... 4

5 General information ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.1 Purpose of this document .............................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.2 Overview of ND service platform for micro-mobility ............................................................................................ 4

5.3 Background and challenges ......................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.4 Issues for proposition ....................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6 Use case overview and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2 Use case overview ................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

6.2.1 Basic principles for use cases ............................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.2 Use case clusters .............................................................................................................................................................. 6

6.3 Use case definitions ............................................................................................................................................................................ 8

6.3.1 Use case cluster 1: Pre-trip ..................................................................................................................................... 8

6.3.2 Use case cluster 2: En-route ................................................................................................................................11

6.3.3 Use case cluster 3: Post-trip ................................................................................................................................14

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................17

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/TR 22085-1:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 204, Intelligent transport systems.

A list of all parts in the ISO 22085 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 22085-1:2019(E)
Introduction

ISO/TC 204/Working Group 17, Nomadic Devices in ITS systems, is designed to facilitate the development,

promotion and standardisation of the use of nomadic and portable devices to support ITS service

provisions and multimedia use, e.g. passenger information, automotive information, driver advisory

and warning systems, and entertainment system interfaces to ITS service providers and motor vehicle

communication networks. This document fosters the introduction of nomadic devices in the public

transport and automotive world.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
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TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 22085-1:2019(E)
Intelligent transport systems (ITS) — Nomadic device
service platform for micro-mobility —
Part 1:
General information and use case definitions
1 Scope

This document provides the service framework to identify the connectivity between nomadic devices,

cloud servers and micro-mobility in pre-trip, en-route and post-trip. The service framework can

promote micro-mobility as a new type of urban and rural transport mode and increase the possibility

to be included in an integrated mobility system.

Micro-mobility can be defined as a small or compact sized electric vehicle. Normally, it is designed to

be used as a first-mile and last-mile service connecting public transit routes or to provide personal

mobility with one or two passengers for a short distance trip. The vehicle types of micro-mobility are

very wide, including three or four wheeled micro electric vehicle, electric utility task vehicle, electric

bike, electric kick scooter, electric skateboard, and electric self-balancing unicycles. This document

focuses on three or four wheeled micro electric vehicle.

The nomadic device service framework aims to accommodate the specific needs of integrated mobility

services for either urban or rural areas. The service framework focuses on the use of data exchange

interface standards between micro-mobility and nomadic devices to enable the development of cloud-

based intelligent transport systems (ITS) using wireless networks.

A nomadic device needs to be connected with micro-mobility reliably and consistently. In addition, it is

necessary to provide power supply interface for stable nomadic device operation.
The service framework and use cases described in this document include:

— The service framework architecture between nomadic devices, micro-mobility and cloud servers.

— Use cases that are are divided into three categories including pre-trip, en-route, and post-trip:

— Pre-trip service configuration: the pre-trip use cases provide micro-mobility information, on-

demand navigation service with charging station and available parking lots, and reserving

micro-mobility car sharing services.

— En-route service configuration: the en-route use cases provide ITS information, e.g. traffic

conditions, safety information, and toll service. The use cases also provide information on

available parking lots and charging stations when the micro-mobility vehicle approaches a

destination.

— Post-trip service configuration: the post-trip use cases provide micro-mobility driving records,

battery level, parking location information, and a return service for shared micro-mobility.

— Guidance documents to facilitate the practical implementation of diverse ITS service providers

including related use cases.

This work includes the identification of existing ISO/TC 204 International Standards in ITS and existing

vehicle communication network access standards.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO/TR 22085-1:2019(E)
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviated terms
3.1 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1.1
nomadic device

implementation of a personal ITS station which provides communication connectivity via portable

equipment, e.g. cellular telephones, wireless communication networks (3G, 4G and 5G), mobile wireless

broadband (WIMAX, HC-SDMA), IEEE 802.11, and includes short range links, e.g. IEEE 802.15.1, IEEE

802.15.4, to connect portable devices to the motor vehicle communications system network

3.1.2
micro-mobility
new concept of eco-friendly personal electric vehicles for one or two passengers
3.1.3
in mobility network
IMN

local network bus among electrical control units (ECUs) in micro-mobility (MM) (3.1.2), providing

diagnostics information to nomadic device (ND) (3.1.1) through short-range links, e.g. IEEE 802.15.1,

IEEE 802.15.4
3.1.4
micro-mobility service provider
MMSP

vendor or organization that provides IT solutions and/or services related with public transportation to

end users
3.1.5
micro-mobility cloud server
MMCS

network server between the nomadic device (ND) (3.1.1) and the micro-mobility service provider

(MMSP) (3.1.4)
3.1.6
micro-mobility communication network
MMCN

communication network between the nomadic device (ND) (3.1.1) and the micro-mobility cloud server

(MMCS) (3.1.5)
2 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 22085-1:2019(E)
3.1.7
public communication network
PCN

communication network between the micro-mobility cloud server (MMCS) (3.1.5) and the service

providers which provides various micro-mobility (MM) (3.1.2) information services, e.g. charging

stations, parking lots, traffic congestion
3.2 Abbreviated terms
ARMS adaptive route management service
BMS battery management system
CSLPS charging station location providing service
ECU electrical control unit
IMN in mobility network
ITIPS interconnected transfer information providing service
KGSSMM keyless go service for shared micro-mobility
MM micro-mobility
MMCN micro-mobility communication network
MMCS micro-mobility cloud server
MMDB micro-mobility database
MMIMS micro-mobility as an integrated mobility service
MMIPS micro-mobility information providing service
MDPS motor driven power steering-wheel
MMFMS micro-mobility fault management service
MMG micro-mobility gateway
MMSS micro-mobility sharing service
MMTIPS micro-mobility trip information providing service
MTS mobile tolling service
ND nomadic device
PAPSS pre-scanning available parking space service
PCN public communication network
PMMPPS parked micro-mobility position providing service
SAPSS searching available parking space service on the way
SMMRS shared mico-mobility return service
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO/TR 22085-1:2019(E)
SOC states of charge
TIPS traffic information providing service
Wi-Fi wireless fidelity
4 Document overview and structure

This document provides all information and references required to support the implementation of the

requirements related to standardized access to nomadic device service platforms for micro-mobility.

The rest of the document consists of the following information.
— General information is described in Clause 5.

This clause provides the purpose of this document and an overview of the nomadic device service

platform for micro-mobility, which includes a service framework architecture.
— Use case overview and definitions are described Clause 6.

This clause specifies all technical requirements related to nomadic device service platforms for

micro-mobility to be interfaced with micro-mobility cloud servers and micro-mobility service

providers. The requirements reflect the user services from the use cases as specified in this

document.
5 General information
5.1 Purpose of this document
This document addresses two major areas:

— Identifies the method to describe the ND interfaced with MMG and MMCS, and ND service platform

for micro-mobility.

— Specifies the general use cases that should be included in the ND service platform for micro-mobility.

5.2 Overview of ND service platform for micro-mobility

Conceptual aspects of the general use cases should be included in the ND service platform for micro-

mobility, and should be considered as illustrated in Figure 1.
4 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 22085-1:2019(E)
Key
MM micro-mobility
MMG micro-mobility gateway
ND nomadic device
IMN in mobility network
MMCN micro-mobility communication network
MMCS micro-mobility cloud server
PCN public communication network
Figure 1 — Service framework architecture
5.3 Background and challenges
The background and challenges of the ND service platform for micro-mobility are:

— various services use micro-mobility, e.g. first/last mile service and sharing service, are

commercialized;
— applying micro-mobility to delivery and to postal services is considered;

— because of a battery with small capacity, micro-mobility has challenges, e.g. connection with

charging stations, fault diagnosis and management, connection with public transportation,

providing seamless service;

— the ND service platform for micro-mobility aims to induce the continued use of MM by providing the

driver with status information about MM and status information of destination to find the optimal

path of movement of MM;

— new service models and standards framework related to the ND service platform for micro-mobility

would be under discussion in the existing business areas influenced by MM and information and

communication technologies.
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ISO/TR 22085-1:2019(E)
5.4 Issues for proposition

The issues for the proposition of the ND service platform for micro-mobility are as follows.

— MMG: micro-mobility gateway

The MMG provides the ND the mechanical information of MM, by connecting with the IMN to

provide MM status information requested by the driver.
— ND: nomadic device

The ND collects the MM's mechanical and location information, sends it to the MMCS, and provides

the driver services related to the operation of the MM. The ND includes both the MMG and the

MMCS data interfaces and services to provide MM status and optimal route guidance.

— MMCS: micro-mobility cloud server

The MMCS plays the role of storing and providing the data required for operation to the MM, in

order to provide the services requested by the MM driver.

It includes both cloud servers and other service providers for MMCS data storage and services.

6 Use case overview and definitions
6.1 General

The main objective of this document is to define the service platform with the related use cases.

6.2 Use case overview
6.2.1 Basic principles for use cases

Basic principles have been established as a nomadic device service platform for micro-mobility to

define the use cases.

— The use cases of nomadic device service platform for micro-mobility describe the interaction

between the micro-mobility gateway (MMG), the nomadic device (ND), and the MM cloud server.

— The use cases in this document define sample cases of the nomadic device service platform for

micro-mobility for pre-trip, en-route, and post-trip MM users.

The nomadic device service platform for micro-mobility may include the following groups of use cases.

— Pre-trip: MM information providing services, on-demand navigation service linked with information

on charging stations, pre-scanning available parking space service, micro-mobility sharing service,

and micro-mobility as an integrated mobility service.
— En-route: Traffic information providing servi
...

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