Cryolite, natural and artificial — Conventional test for evaluation of free fluorides content

ISO/TR 4277:2009 describes a conventional test for the evaluation of the free fluorides content of natural, artificial and recovered cryolite. This method is applicable to products having free fluorides content greater than 0,15 % (mass fraction) of AIF3 or 0,4 % (mass fraction) of NaF.

Cryolithe, naturelle et artificielle — Essai conventionnel pour l'évaluation de la teneur en fluorures libres

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Status
Published
Publication Date
20-Oct-2009
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
21-Oct-2009
Completion Date
21-Oct-2009
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ISO/TR 4277:2009 - Cryolite, natural and artificial -- Conventional test for evaluation of free fluorides content
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TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 4277
First edition
2009-11-01
Cryolite, natural and artificial —
Conventional test for evaluation of free
fluorides content
Cryolithe, naturelle et artificielle — Essai conventionnel pour l'évaluation
de la teneur en fluorures libres
Reference number
ISO/TR 4277:2009(E)
ISO 2009
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ISO/TR 4277:2009(E)
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ii © ISO 2009 – All rights reserved
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ISO/TR 4277:2009(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

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International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

In exceptional circumstances, when a technical committee has collected data of a different kind from that

which is normally published as an International Standard (“state of the art”, for example), it may decide by a

simple majority vote of its participating members to publish a Technical Report. A Technical Report is entirely

informative in nature and does not have to be reviewed until the data it provides are considered to be no

longer valid or useful.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO/TR 4277 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 226, Materials for the production of primary

aluminium.

This first edition cancels and replaces ISO 4277:1977, of which it constitutes a minor revision.

© ISO 2009 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/TR 4277:2009(E)
Introduction

This Technical Report was published in order to retain the method specified in ISO 4277:1977 in a publicly

available standard.
ISO 4277:1977 was withdrawn in 2004.
iv © ISO 2009 – All rights reserved
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TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 4277:2009(E)
Cryolite, natural and artificial — Conventional test for
evaluation of free fluorides content
1 Scope

This Technical Report describes a conventional test for the evaluation of the free fluorides content of natural,

artificial and recovered cryolite.

This method is applicable to products having free fluorides content greater than 0,15 % (mass fraction) of AIF

or 0,4 % (mass fraction) of NaF.
2 Principle

A test portion is sintered with a known quantity of sodium fluoride at 790 ± 20 °C for 20 minutes. Under these

conditions, aluminium fluoride in excess of that required for the stoichiometric formula AlF ·3NaF reacts with

some of the sodium fluoride to form cryolite.

The ground sintered mass is extracted with boiling water and the solution is acidified with hydrochloric acid

solution to a pH less than 3,7, followed by titration of the excess sodium fluoride with standard volumetric

thorium nitrate solution in the presence of alizarin-S as indicator.
3 Reagents

During the analysis, use only reagents of recognized analytical grade and only distilled water or water of

equivalent purity.

3.1 Sodium fluoride, anhydrous, dried at about 120 °C to constant mass in a platinum crucible and cooled

in a desiccator.
3.2 Gelatine, 3 % freshly prepared solution.
3.3 Hydrochloric acid, approximately 0,1 N solution.
3.4 Sodium fluoride, 4,20 g/l standard solution (corresponding to 0,1 N).

Weigh, to the nearest 0,001 g, 4,20 g of the sodium fluoride (3.1). Transfer quantitatively to a 1 000 ml one-

mark volumetric flask containing a little water and, after dissolution, dilute to the mark and mix. Transfer the

solution to a suitable plastics bottle.
1 ml of this solution contains 4,20 mg of NaF.
3.5 Thorium nitrate, 0,1 N standard volumetric solution.

Weigh, to the nearest 0,001 g, 13,805 g of thorium nitrate tetrahydrate [Th(NO ) ·4H O], transfer

3 4 2

quantitatively to a 1 000 ml one-mark volumetric flask, dissolve in water, dilute to the mark and mix.

© ISO 2009 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO/TR 4277:2009(E)
3.6 Buffer solution, pH 2,7.

Neutralize a 9,5 % (mass fraction) solution of monochloroacetic acid (CH CI-COOH) with an approximately

10 N sodium hydroxide solution, in the presence of phenolphthalein. Add 50 ml of this solution to 50 ml of the

same monochloroacetic acid solution and mix.
3.7 Alizarin-S (sodium alizarinsulfonate), 0,5 g/l solution.
4 Apparatus
Ordinary laboratory apparatus and in particular the following.
4.1 Platinum crucible, diameter approximately 40 mm, height approximately 30 mm.
4.2 Electric furnace, capable of being controlled at 790 ± 20 °C.
5 Procedure
5.1 Test portion
Weigh, to the nearest 0,001 g, 4 g of the dried sample (see ISO 1619:1976, 3.3).
5.2 Preparation of the calibration graph
5.2.1 Preparation of the standard matching solutions

Into a series of seven 100 ml conical plastics flasks, place the volumes of the standard sodium fluoride

solution (3.4) shown in the following table.
Table 1 — Volumes of standard sodium fluoride solution
Standard sodium fluoride
Corresponding mass of NaF
solution (3.4)
ml mg
0 0
1,0 4,20
3,0 12,60
5,0 21,00
7,0 29,40
9,0 37,80
10,0 42,00
5.2.2 Titration

Add to each conical flask 40 ml of water, 5 ml of the buffer solution (3.6), 1 ml of the alizarin-S solution (3.7)

and 10 ml of the gelatine solution (3.2). Titrate with the standard volumetric thorium nitrate solution (3.5) until

the colour of the indicator changes to pink.
2 © ISO 2009 – All rights reserved
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