Lighters - Safety specification (ISO 9994:2018)

This document specifies requirements for lighters to ensure a reasonable degree of safety for normal
use or reasonably foreseeable misuse of such lighters by users.
This document applies to all flame-producing products commonly known as cigarette lighters, cigar
lighters and pipe lighters.
It does not apply to matches and flame-producing products intended solely for igniting materials other
than cigarettes, cigars, and pipes.

Feuerzeuge - Festlegungen für die Sicherheit (ISO 9994:2018)

Diese Internationale Norm legt Anforderungen für Feuerzeuge im Hinblick auf ein vernünftiges Sicherheitsniveau bei bestimmungsgemäßem Gebrauch oder bei vorhersehbarem, beabsichtigtem Missbrauch solcher Feuerzeuge durch Benutzer fest.
Die in dieser Internationalen Norm enthaltenen Sicherheitsfestlegungen gelten für alle flammenerzeugenden Produkte, die allgemein als Feuerzeuge für Zigaretten, Zigarren und Pfeifen bekannt sind. Sie gelten nicht für Streichhölzer oder andere flammenproduzierenden Produkte, sondern ausschließlich für Produkte, die zum Anzünden von Zigaretten, Zigarren und Pfeifen gedacht sind.
Feuerzeuge als Flammen erzeugende Einrichtungen können, wie alle Flammenquellen, ein potenzielles Risiko für den Benutzer darstellen. Die in dieser Internationalen Norm enthaltenen sicherheitstechnischen Festlegungen können nicht alle Risiken ausschließen, sie sind aber dazu bestimmt, das potenzielle Risiko für Benutzer zu reduzieren.

Briquets - Spécifications de sécurité (ISO 9994:2018)

Le présent document spécifie des exigences relatives aux briquets qui permettent d'assurer aux utilisateurs un niveau de sécurité raisonnable lors de leur usage normal ou anormal mais raisonnablement prévisible.
Le présent document couvre tous les produits de consommation produisant une flamme, communément désignés sous les appellations de briquets pour cigarettes, briquets pour cigares et briquets pour pipes.
Il ne s'applique pas aux allumettes ni aux dispositifs produisant une flamme destinée uniquement à allumer des matériaux autres que des cigarettes, des cigares et des pipes.

Vžigalniki - Varnostna specifikacija (ISO 9994:2018)

Ta dokument določa zahteve za vžigalnike, s katerimi se zagotovi razumna stopnja varnosti za normalno
uporabo ali razumno predvidljivo zlorabo takih vžigalnikov s strani uporabnikov.
Ta dokument velja za vse izdelke, ki proizvajajo plamen in so splošno znani kot vžigalniki za cigarete, cigare in pipe.
Ne uporablja se za vžigalice in izdelke, ki proizvajajo plamen, in so namenjeni izključno za vžig drugih materialov
kot so cigarete, cigare in pipe.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Dec-2015
Publication Date
06-Feb-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
31-Jan-2019
Due Date
07-Apr-2019
Completion Date
07-Feb-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
01-marec-2019
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 9994:2006
SIST EN ISO 9994:2006/A1:2008
Vžigalniki - Varnostna specifikacija (ISO 9994:2018)
Lighters - Safety specification (ISO 9994:2018)
Feuerzeuge - Festlegungen für die Sicherheit (ISO 9994:2018)
Briquets - Spécifications de sécurité (ISO 9994:2018)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 9994:2019
ICS:
97.180 Razna oprema za dom in Miscellaneous domestic and
trgovino commercial equipment
SIST EN ISO 9994:2019 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
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SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
EN ISO 9994
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
January 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.180 Supersedes EN ISO 9994:2006
English Version
Lighters - Safety specification (ISO 9994:2018)

Briquets - Spécifications de sécurité (ISO 9994:2018) Feuerzeuge - Festlegungen für die Sicherheit (ISO

9994:2018)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 December 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 9994:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
EN ISO 9994:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
EN ISO 9994:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 9994:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 61 "Plastics" in

collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 355 “Lighters” the secretariat of which is held by

AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by July 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 9994:2006.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 9994:2018 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 9994:2019 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
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SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 9994
Fifth edition
2018-12
Lighters — Safety specifications
Briquets — Spécifications de sécurité
Reference number
ISO 9994:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
ISO 9994:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
ISO 9994:2018(E)
Contents  Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1  Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2  Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3  Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4  Functional requirements ............................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.1 Flame generation .................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.2 Flame heights ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2.1 Non-adjustable lighters ........................................................................................................................................... ... 4

4.2.2 Adjustable lighters ......................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3 Flame-height adjustment ............................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.4 Resistance to spitting or sputtering and flaring ......................................................................................................... 7

4.5 Flame extinction .................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.6 Volumetric displacement of fuel .............................................................................................................................................. 8

4.7 Mass of fuel ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

5  Structural integrity requirements ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1 External finish .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2 Compatibility with fuel .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.3 Resistance to fuel loss ....................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.4 Resistance to dropping .................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.5 Resistance to elevated temperature ..................................................................................................................................... 9

5.6 Resistance to internal pressure ................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.7 Burning behaviour ............................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.8 Resistance to cyclic burning .....................................................................................................................................................10

5.9 Resistance to continuous burning .......................................................................................................................................10

6  Test methods ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................11

6.1 Test specimens and test sequencing .................................................................................................................................11

6.1.1 Test specimens................................................................................................................................................................11

6.1.2 Test sequencing..............................................................................................................................................................11

6.2 Flame height measurement ......................................................................................................................................................11

6.2.1 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................11

6.2.2 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3 Spitting, sputtering and flaring tests .................................................................................................................................11

6.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.2 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................11

6.4 Flame extinction test.......................................................................................................................................................................12

6.4.1 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................12

6.4.2 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................12

6.5 Fuel compatibility test ...................................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................13

6.5.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................13

6.6 Refilling test ............................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.6.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................15

6.6.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................15

6.6.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................15

6.7 Volumetric fuel-displacement test ......................................................................................................................................16

6.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................16

6.7.2 Test specimens................................................................................................................................................................16

6.7.3 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................16

6.7.4 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................16

6.8 Drop test ....................................................................................................................................................................................................17

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
ISO 9994:2018(E)

6.8.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................17

6.8.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................17

6.8.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................18

6.9 Elevated-temperature test .........................................................................................................................................................19

6.9.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................19

6.9.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................19

6.9.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................19

6.10 Internal-pressure test ....................................................................................................................................................................20

6.10.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................20

6.10.2 Test specimens................................................................................................................................................................20

6.10.3 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................20

6.10.4 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................20

6.11 Cyclic-burning-time test ..............................................................................................................................................................21

6.11.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................21

6.11.2 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................21

6.12 Continuous-burning-time test ................................................................................................................................................22

6.12.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................22

6.12.2 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................................22

6.12.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................22

7  Instructions and warnings ......................................................................................................................................................................23

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................23

7.2 Location ......................................................................................................................................................................................................23

7.3 Content ........................................................................................................................................................................................................23

7.4 Safety signs ..............................................................................................................................................................................................24

7.5 Refilling instructions .......................................................................................................................................................................25

7.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................25

7.5.2 Fluid lighters ....................................................................................................................................................................25

7.5.3 Gas lighters ........................................................................................................................................................................25

8  Product marking ................................................................................................................................................................................................25

Annex A (normative) Test sequencing .............................................................................................................................................................26

iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
ISO 9994:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 61, Plastics, Subcommittee SC 4, Burning

behaviour.

This fifth edition cancels and replaces the fourth edition (ISO 9994:2005), which has been technically

revised.
The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:

— Clause 2, 3.22, 3.23, subclause 4.2.2.4, subclause 4.2.3, subclause 4.2.4, subclause 4.7, subclause 6.1.2,

subclause 6.11.2.2.9 and subclause 6.11.2.2.10 have been added.

— term number 3.6, subclause 4.2.2.3, subclause 4.5, subclause 5.1, subclause 5.7, Figure 4,

subclause 6.3.2.7, subclause 6.7.4, subclause 6.9.3.3, subclause 6.10.4, subclause 6.12.3, subclause 7.3.1,

subclause 7.4, Figure 5, Figure 7 and Annex A have been modified.
— Bibliography has been deleted.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
ISO 9994:2018(E)
Introduction

Lighters, being flame-producing devices, can, as do all flame sources, present a potential hazard to

users. The safety specifications given in this document cannot eliminate all hazards, but are intended

to reduce potential hazards to users.

This document is intended to be revised periodically to consider flame height reduction for the various

technologies in line with technological progress.
vi © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 9994:2018(E)
Lighters — Safety specifications

WARNING — Persons using this document should be familiar with normal laboratory practice, if

applicable. This document does not purport to address all the safety concerns, if any, associated

with its use. It is the responsibility of the user to establish appropriate safety and health

practices and to determine the applicability of any other restrictions.
1  Scope

This document specifies requirements for lighters to ensure a reasonable degree of safety for normal

use or reasonably foreseeable misuse of such lighters by users.

This document applies to all flame-producing products commonly known as cigarette lighters, cigar

lighters and pipe lighters.

It does not apply to matches and flame-producing products intended solely for igniting materials other

than cigarettes, cigars, and pipes.
2  Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 7941, Commercial propane and butane — Analysis by gas chromatography
UL 1439, Tests for Sharpness of Edges on Equipment
3  Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
lighter

manually operated flame-producing device, employing a petrochemical derivative as a fuel, normally

used for deliberately igniting cigarettes, cigars and pipes, and which might foreseeably be used to ignite

(3.21) materials such as paper, wicks, candles and lanterns

Note 1 to entry: Lighters are specifically not intended for use as candles or as flashlights, or for other uses

requiring an extended burn time.
3.2
fluid lighter

lighter (3.1), with an exposed wick, that employs as fuel liquid hydrocarbons such as hexane whose

gauge vapour pressure at 24 °C does not exceed 34,5 kPa
3.3
gas lighter

lighter (3.1) that employs as fuel liquefied hydrocarbons such as n-butane, isobutane and propane

whose gauge vapour pressure at 24 °C exceeds 104 kPa
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 9994:2019
ISO 9994:2018(E)
3.4
postmixing burner lighter

gas lighter (3.3) in which fuel is supplied for combustion and air is supplied at the point of combustion

3.5
premixing burner lighter

gas lighter (3.3) in which fuel and air are mixed before being supplied for combustion

3.6
non-refillable lighter
disposable lighter

lighter (3.1) marketed with an integral supply of fuel and that is not intended to be refilled with fuel

3.7
refillable lighter

lighter (3.1) intended to be refuelled either by transferring fuel from an external container or by

inserting a new prefilled fuel reservoir
3.8
adjustable lighter

lighter (3.1) provided with a mechanism for the user to vary the flame height (3.13)

3.9
non-adjustable lighter

lighter (3.1) that is not provided with a user-accessible mechanism to adjust the flame height (3.13)

Note 1 to entry: The flame height is preset by the manufacturer.
3.10
automatically adjusting pipe lighter

lighter (3.1) characterized by an automatic increase in flame height (3.13) when tilted from an upright

position, designed specifically for lighting pipes
3.11
self-extinguishing lighter

lighter (3.1) that, once ignited, requires continuous intentional and positive action to maintain a flame

(3.20) and that is subsequently extinguished by the termination of such positive action

3.12
non-self-extinguishing lighter

lighter (3.1) that, once ignited, does not require intentional or positive action by the user to maintain a

flame (3.20) and requires a subsequent deliberate user action to extinguish the flame

3.13
flame height

linear distance from the tip of the visible flame (3.20) to the top of the shield or, in the absence of a

shield, from the tip of the visible flame to the bottom of the exposed wick or the top of the burner valve

orifice (3.16)
3.14
shield

structure that totally or partially surrounds the burner valve orifice (3.16) of a gas lighter (3.3) or the

wick of a fluid lig
...

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