Soil quality - Guidance on the establishment and maintenance of monitoring programmes (ISO 16133:2018)

This document gives general guidance on the selection of procedures for the establishment and
maintenance of programmes for long-term monitoring of soil quality. It takes into account the large
number of objectives for soil-monitoring programmes.
This document is intended to help provide a basis for dialogue between parties which might be involved
in a monitoring scheme.

Bodenbeschaffenheit - Leitfaden zur Einrichtung und zum Betrieb von Beobachtungsprogrammen (ISO 16133:2018)

Dieses Dokument enthält einen Leitfaden für die Auswahl von Verfahren für die Einrichtung und den Betrieb von Dauerbeobachtungsprogrammen der Bodenbeschaffenheit. Berücksichtigt werden die zahlreichen Zielstellungen für Bodenbeobachtungsprogramme.
Mit diesem Dokument ist beabsichtigt, eine Hilfestellung für einen Austausch von Informationen zwischen den Beteiligten zu bieten, die in ein Beobachtungsprogramm eingebunden sein können.

Qualité du sol - Lignes directrices pour l'établissement et l'entretien de programmes de surveillance (ISO 16133:2018)

Le présent document fournit des recommandations relatives à la sélection de modes opératoires visant à établir et entretenir des programmes de surveillance de la qualité du sol à long terme. Il tient compte des nombreux objectifs des programmes de surveillance du sol.
Le présent document a pour but de contribuer à l'instauration d'une base de dialogue entre les parties susceptibles d'être impliquées dans un système de surveillance.

Kakovost tal - Navodilo za vzpostavitev in vzdrževanje programov monitoringa (ISO 16133:2018)

Ta dokument podaja splošne smernice za izbiro postopkov vzpostavljanja in vzdrževanja programov za dolgoročno spremljanje kakovosti tal. Upošteva veliko število ciljev, ki jih imajo programi spremljanja tal.
Namen tega dokumenta je pomagati zagotoviti podlago za dialog med strankami, ki bi lahko bile vključene v shemo spremljanja.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
01-Apr-2018
Publication Date
10-Feb-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
29-Jan-2019
Due Date
05-Apr-2019
Completion Date
11-Feb-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
01-marec-2019
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 16133:2011
SIST ISO 16133:2006
Kakovost tal - Navodilo za vzpostavitev in vzdrževanje programov monitoringa
(ISO 16133:2018)

Soil quality - Guidance on the establishment and maintenance of monitoring programmes

(ISO 16133:2018)
Bodenbeschaffenheit - Leitfaden zur Einrichtung und zum Betrieb von
Beobachtungsprogrammen (ISO 16133:2018)

Qualité du sol - Lignes directrices pour l'établissement et l'entretien de programmes de

surveillance (ISO 16133:2018)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 16133:2018
ICS:
13.080.05 Preiskava tal na splošno Examination of soils in
general
SIST EN ISO 16133:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
EN ISO 16133
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.080.01 Supersedes EN ISO 16133:2011
English Version
Soil quality - Guidance on the establishment and
maintenance of monitoring programmes (ISO
16133:2018)

Qualité du sol - Lignes directrices pour l'établissement Bodenbeschaffenheit - Leitfaden zur Einrichtung und

et l'entretien de programmes de surveillance (ISO zum Betrieb von Beobachtungsprogrammen (ISO

16133:2018) 16133:2018)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 8 December 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 16133:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
EN ISO 16133:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
EN ISO 16133:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 16133:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 190 "Soil

quality" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 345 “Characterization of soils” the

secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 16133:2011.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 16133:2018 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 16133:2018 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 16133
Second edition
2018-12
Soil quality — Guidance on the
establishment and maintenance of
monitoring programmes
Qualité du sol — Lignes directrices pour l'établissement et l'entretien
de programmes de surveillance
Reference number
ISO 16133:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
ISO 16133:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
ISO 16133:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Monitoring objectives ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Examples of monitoring purposes ......................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Monitoring programme ................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.1 General considerations .................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Elements of a monitoring programme ............................................................................................................................... 4

5.2.1 Status of the monitoring sites ............................................................................................................................... 4

5.2.2 Changes at the monitoring sites ......................................................................................................................... 4

5.2.3 Interpretation of status and changes ............................................................................................................. 4

5.2.4 Statistical sampling design ...................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2.5 Selection of sites in space ......................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2.6 Resampling in time ........................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.3 Sampling and measurement ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3.2 Site design and identification................................................................................................................................ 6

5.3.3 Soil and site description ............................................................................................................................................ 6

5.3.4 Sampling.................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.3.5 Field and laboratory measurements............................................................................................................... 6

5.3.6 Specimen banking ........................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3.7 Time interval between samplings ..................................................................................................................... 7

6 Data quality and quantity............................................................................................................................................................................ 7

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
ISO 16133:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 190, Soil quality, Subcommittee SC 7,

Impact assessment.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 16133:2004), which has been technically

revised. The main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— Clause 2 has been updated;

— Clause 3 has been updated, definitions that were not used in the document have been deleted;

— new subclauses have been introduced regarding sampling designs (5.2.4), sampling in space (5.2.5)

and in time (5.2.6);

— all examples of monitoring programmes described in Annex A have been deleted as part were

outdated.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
ISO 16133:2018(E)
Introduction

Monitoring is the process of repetitive observation, for defined purposes, of one or more components

of the environment according to pre-arranged schedules in space and time using comparable methods

[14][15]

for environmental sensing and data collection . Monitoring schemes are used all over the world

for a large number of purposes. Soil monitoring, particularly, is a long-term undertaking. The quality

and the utility of the information from the monitoring is to a large degree determined by the choice

of monitoring sites and by their maintenance over the years, and by appropriate quality control at all

stages of the process.

Monitoring associated with industrial (contaminated) sites can involve many specific considerations,

including legal requirements. The guidance in this document is not designed or intended to cover such

situations.
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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 16133:2018(E)
Soil quality — Guidance on the establishment and
maintenance of monitoring programmes
1 Scope

This document gives general guidance on the selection of procedures for the establishment and

maintenance of programmes for long-term monitoring of soil quality. It takes into account the large

number of objectives for soil-monitoring programmes.

This document is intended to help provide a basis for dialogue between parties which might be involved

in a monitoring scheme.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 15903, Soil quality — Format for recording soil and site information
ISO 18400 (all parts), Soil quality — Sampling
ISO 25177, Soil quality — Field soil description
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 11074 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org ./obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1
anthropogenic change
change in soil properties caused by human activities

[SOURCE: ISO 11074:2015, 5.1.1, modified — “influence on” has been replaced by “change in”]

3.2
background concentration

concentration of an element or a substance characteristic of a soil type in an area or region arising from

both natural sources and anthropogenic diffuse sources such as atmospheric deposition

[SOURCE: ISO 11074:2015, 3.5.1, modified — in the definition, “an element or” has been introduced

before “a substance” and “anthropogenic” has replaced “non-natural”. Note 1 to entry has been

removed.]
3.3
habitat

sum of the environment of a particular species or community (e.g. in terms of soil properties, land use,

climate)
[SOURCE: ISO 23611-6:2012, 3.2.2]
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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
ISO 16133:2018(E)
3.4
monitoring site
area in which investigations take place
Note 1 to entry: Such an area is usually chosen to be relatively homogenous.

[SOURCE: ISO 11074:2015, 5.1.5 modified — the following part of the definition "such an area is usually

chosen to be relatively homogenous" has been moved to Note 1 to entry]
4 Monitoring objectives
4.1 General

Monitoring programmes provide baseline soil information and help in deriving soil quality values

for managing soils (e.g. to verify soil quality after the implementation of remediation actions in

contaminated sites).

Monitoring is also an important tool for the early detection of changes in soil properties and soil

[16]

processes . It, thus, has a major role in the prevention or minimization of environmental damage

or the detection of environmental improvement. By the early detection of environmental impact, or

the potential for such impact, a monitoring programme could help to reduce or remove the costs of

reaching or maintaining a given level of environmental management, protection or quality.

Monitoring programmes can also be used to evaluate the outcome of environmental policies, to assist in

the development of strategies for soil protection and environmental management. They can also serve

as research platforms for the development and validation of field and analytical methods and of models

of soil and related environmental processes.

The range of purposes for which soil-monitoring programmes can be designed encompasses such a vast

range of time scales, variables and processes that it is not possible to give specific guidance on the

design of a monitoring programme to meet all the objectives which might be covered by this diversity.

The selection of sites, sampling schemes, etc. should be made following consideration of the specific

objectives of the particular monitoring programme. This document identifies the principles underlying

such programmes.
4.2 Examples of monitoring purposes

Some examples of monitoring purposes might include the need to establish one or more of the following:

— short-, intermediate- and long-term environmental impacts varying in magnitude, importance,

duration and probability;

— changes in chemical, biological and physical soil properties (e.g. pH, adsorption processes, toxic

element accumulation, radiation, compaction, erosion) and the dynamics of changes in such

properties;
— effects of human impacts;

— differentiation of human impacts from inter-annual variability and longer-term climate change;

— differentiation of local contamination from long-range transport;
— evaluation of productivity;
— assessment of biological diversity;

— input of elements into the soil environment and output of elements from the soil environment;

— transport processes in the soil profile (gases; particles; elements or compounds in solution);

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SIST EN ISO 16133:2019
ISO 16133:2018(E)

— calculations of uptake and retention of elements, compounds or substances by particular components

of the ecosystem.
5 Monitoring programme
5.1 General considerations

It is generally not feasible to monitor all variables at all locations of the studied area. Wherever possible,

consideration should be given to the monitoring of soil properties which, as well as being of s

...

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