Pyrotechnic articles - Other pyrotechnic articles - Ignition devices

This European Standard defines various terms and specifies requirements, categorisation, test methods, minimum labelling requirements and end users documentation, for ignition devices (except ignition devices for vehicles) of the following generic types:
- Igniters,
- Components for pyrotechnic trains,
- Pyrotechnic Cords and fuses,
- Delay fuses,
- Fuzes.

Pyrotechnische Gegenstände - Sonstige pyrotechnische Gegenstände - Anzündmittel

Diese Europäische Norm legt verschiedene Begriffe und Anforderungen, die Kategorisierung, Prüfverfahren, Mindestanforderungen an die Kennzeichnung und die Gebrauchsanweisung fest, die sich auf Anzündmittel (mit Ausnahme von Anzündmitteln für pyrotechnische Gegenstände für Fahrzeuge) der folgenden Gegenstandstypen beziehen: ⎯ Anzünder; ⎯ Bestandteile von Anzündketten; ⎯ pyrotechnische Anzündschnüre und -litzen; ⎯ Anzündverzögerungsmittel (-schnüre); ⎯ Anzünder für Anzündketten. ANMERKUNG Anzündmittel, die für pyrotechnische Gegenstände für Fahrzeuge entwickelt wurden, können ohne Modifizierung oder Anpassung für andere Verwendungungszwecke als Fahrzeuganwendungen verwendet werden. In derartigen Fällen hat der Gegenstand, selbst wenn eine Ausführung mit einem für pyrotechnische Gegenstände für Fahrzeuge entwickelten Anzündmittel identisch ist, vorzugsweise einen anderen Verweis, um nachzuweisen, dass er die Anforderungen dieser Norm erfüllt.

Articles pyrotechniques - Autres articles pyrotechniques - Dispositifs de mise à feu

La présente Norme européenne définit les termes et spécifie les exigences, le classement en catégories, les méthodes d'essai, les exigences minimales d'étiquetage et les instructions d’utilisation concernant les types génériques de dispositifs de mise de feu suivants (à l'exception des dispositifs de mise de feu pour articles pyrotechniques destinés aux véhicules) :
-   les inflammateurs ou allumeurs,
-   les composants de chaînes pyrotechniques,
-   les cordeaux et mèches pyrotechniques,
-   les retards pyrotechniques,
-   les fusées.
NOTE   Les cordeaux de sécurité relèvent de la Directive 93/15/CEE et ne sont donc pas pris en considération dans la présente Norme européenne.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux articles contenant des compositions pyrotechniques comprenant l’une des substances suivantes :
-   arsenic ou composés à base d’arsenic,
-   polychlorobenzènes,
-   composés à base de mercure,
-   phosphore blanc,
-   picrates ou acide picrique.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux articles pyrotechniques contenant des substances explosives commerciales ou des explosifs militaires sauf ceux contenant de la poudre noire et une composition flash.

Pirotehnični izdelki - Drugi pirotehnični izdelki - Vžigalne naprave

Ta evropski standard opredeljuje različne izraze in določa zahteve, kategorizacijo, preskusne metode, minimalne zahteve za označevanje in dokumentacijo za končnega uporabnika za vžigalne naprave (razen vžigalnih naprav za vozila), ki spadajo med naslednje splošne tipe:
– vžigalniki;
– komponente za sled iz vnetljive snovi za vžig pirotehnike;
– pirotehnične vrvice;
– vrvice za vžig s časovno zakasnitvijo;
– vžigalne naprave.
vžigalne naprave.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
24-Jun-2011
Publication Date
03-Feb-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
27-Jan-2016
Due Date
02-Apr-2016
Completion Date
04-Feb-2016

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN 16265:2016
English language
98 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 16265:2016
01-marec-2016
3LURWHKQLþQLL]GHONL'UXJLSLURWHKQLþQLL]GHONL9åLJDOQHQDSUDYH
Pyrotechnic articles - Other pyrotechnic articles - Ignition devices
Pyrotechnische Gegenstände - Sonstige pyrotechnische Gegenstände - Anzündmittel

Articles pyrotechniques - Autres articles pyrotechniques - Dispositifs de mise à feu

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 16265:2015
ICS:
71.100.30 Eksplozivi. Pirotehnika Explosives. Pyrotechnics
SIST EN 16265:2016 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 16265:2016
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 16265:2016
EN 16265
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2015
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 71.100.30
English Version
Pyrotechnic articles - Other pyrotechnic articles - Ignition
devices

Articles pyrotechniques - Autres articles Pyrotechnische Gegenstände - Sonstige pyrotechnische

pyrotechniques - Dispositifs de mise à feu Gegenstände - Anzündmittel
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 10 October 2015.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 16265:2015 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 16265:2016
EN 16265:2015 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

3.1 General terms ................................................................................................................................................... 8

3.2 Technical terms ............................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Categories and types of ignition devices .............................................................................................. 14

4.1 Generic types ................................................................................................................................................. 14

4.2 Subtypes .......................................................................................................................................................... 14

4.3 Conditions determining whether an article is P1 or P2 ................................................................. 16

4.3.1 Igniters ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.3.2 Components for pyrotechnic trains ....................................................................................................... 16

4.3.3 Pyrotechnic cords and fuses..................................................................................................................... 16

4.3.4 Delay fuses ...................................................................................................................................................... 16

4.3.5 Fuzes ................................................................................................................................................................. 17

5 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 17

5.1 Verification of construction and design ............................................................................................... 17

5.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.1.2 Incompatible substances ........................................................................................................................... 17

5.1.3 Igniters ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.1.4 Delay fuses ...................................................................................................................................................... 18

5.1.5 Fuzes and components for pyrotechnic trains .................................................................................. 18

5.2 Verification of labelling and instructions for use ............................................................................. 18

5.3 Verification of specified functioning characteristics ...................................................................... 18

5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.3.2 Igniters ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.3.3 Components of pyrotechnic trains ......................................................................................................... 19

5.3.4 Delay fuses, pyrotechnic cords and fuses ............................................................................................ 19

5.3.5 Fuzes ................................................................................................................................................................. 20

5.4 Thermal stability .......................................................................................................................................... 20

5.5 Safety features ............................................................................................................................................... 20

5.6 Sensitivity to normal, foreseeable handling and transportation ............................................... 20

5.7 Resistance to moisture ............................................................................................................................... 21

5.8 Resistance to mechanical damage ......................................................................................................... 21

5.8.1 Leading wires of electric igniters and electrically triggered fuzes ............................................ 21

5.8.2 Leading optical fibre of optical igniters and optically triggered fuzes ..................................... 21

5.8.3 Crush test ........................................................................................................................................................ 22

5.8.4 Pyrotechnic cords and fuses..................................................................................................................... 22

5.9 All-Fire / No-Fire levels of igniters ........................................................................................................ 22

5.10 Series firings of electric igniters ............................................................................................................. 23

5.11 Electrical characteristics ........................................................................................................................... 23

5.12 Electrostatic discharge ............................................................................................................................... 23

5.13 Sensitivity of pyrotechnic composition ................................................................................................ 23

5.14 Type testing .................................................................................................................................................... 23

5.14.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 23

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 16265:2016
EN 16265:2015 (E)

5.14.2 Number of items to be tested ................................................................................................................... 23

5.14.3 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 25

5.15 Batch testing ................................................................................................................................................... 25

5.15.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25

5.15.2 Sampling plans............................................................................................................................................... 25

5.15.3 Sample size for small batches (destructive tests) ............................................................................. 26

5.15.4 Nonconformities ........................................................................................................................................... 27

5.15.5 Labelling and instructions for use .......................................................................................................... 28

5.15.6 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 28

5.15.7 Acceptance or rejection of a batch ......................................................................................................... 28

6 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 29

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 29

6.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 29

6.2.1 Calliper ............................................................................................................................................................. 29

6.2.2 Ruler .................................................................................................................................................................. 29

6.2.3 Balance ............................................................................................................................................................. 29

6.2.4 Climatic chamber .......................................................................................................................................... 29

6.2.5 Sound level meter ......................................................................................................................................... 29

6.2.6 Electric firing sources ................................................................................................................................. 29

6.2.7 Time-measuring equipment ..................................................................................................................... 30

6.2.8 Optical sensors .............................................................................................................................................. 30

6.2.9 Pressure sensors ........................................................................................................................................... 30

6.2.10 Video camera .................................................................................................................................................. 30

6.2.11 Stills photographic camera ....................................................................................................................... 30

6.2.12 Microphone ..................................................................................................................................................... 30

6.2.13 Shock apparatus ............................................................................................................................................ 30

6.2.14 Drop-test apparatus..................................................................................................................................... 30

6.2.15 Ohmmeters ..................................................................................................................................................... 30

6.2.16 ESD generator ................................................................................................................................................ 31

6.2.17 Magnifying equipment ................................................................................................................................ 31

6.2.18 Transparent type size sheet ..................................................................................................................... 31

6.3 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 31

6.3.1 Construction ................................................................................................................................................... 31

6.3.2 Verification of design .................................................................................................................................. 31

6.3.3 Verification of labelling and instructions for use ............................................................................. 32

6.3.4 Initiation (or reaction) time ..................................................................................................................... 32

6.3.5 Closed vessel test .......................................................................................................................................... 33

6.3.6 Aspect of flame or flow of reacting species ......................................................................................... 35

6.3.7 Fire transmission .......................................................................................................................................... 37

6.3.8 Linear burning rate or delay time .......................................................................................................... 38

6.3.9 Thermal conditioning ................................................................................................................................. 41

6.3.10 Mechanical conditioning ............................................................................................................................ 41

6.3.11 Mechanical impact (drop test) ................................................................................................................. 42

6.3.12 Resistance of leading wires to abrasion ............................................................................................... 43

6.3.13 Resistance of leading wires or fibres to traction .............................................................................. 50

6.3.14 Crush test ......................................................................................................................................................... 52

6.3.15 Resistance of cords and fuses to tension .............................................................................................. 54

6.3.16 Series firing of electric igniters ............................................................................................................... 55

6.3.17 Electrical resistance of electric igniters ............................................................................................... 56

6.3.18 Insulation resistance of electric igniters .............................................................................................. 56

6.3.19 Electrostatic discharge ............................................................................................................................... 57

6.3.20 Sensitivity testing ......................................................................................................................................... 59

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 16265:2016
EN 16265:2015 (E)

6.3.21 Water immersion test ................................................................................................................................. 63

6.3.22 Determination of the detonative / non- detonative characteristics .......................................... 63

6.3.23 Visual examination ...................................................................................................................................... 64

7 Minimum labelling requirements and instructions for use ......................................................... 64

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 64

7.2 Labelling requirements ............................................................................................................................. 64

7.2.1 Name and type ............................................................................................................................................... 64

7.2.2 CE marking and identification number ................................................................................................ 64

7.2.3 Category and registration number ........................................................................................................ 64

7.2.4 Age limit and specialist knowledge labelling ..................................................................................... 65

7.2.5 Net Explosive Content ................................................................................................................................. 65

7.2.6 Details on manufacturer or importer ................................................................................................... 65

7.2.7 “Use by” date .................................................................................................................................................. 65

7.2.8 Printing ............................................................................................................................................................ 65

7.2.9 Marking of very small items ..................................................................................................................... 66

7.2.10 Ignition input ................................................................................................................................................. 66

7.3 Instructions for use ..................................................................................................................................... 66

Annex A (informative) Bruceton method ......................................................................................................... 68

A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 68

A.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 68

A.3 Calculation of results .................................................................................................................................. 68

A.4 Values at 95 % confidence level .............................................................................................................. 69

A.5 Example ........................................................................................................................................................... 70

A.6 Curves of G and H functions ...................................................................................................................... 72

A.7 Table of Student-t distribution................................................................................................................ 72

Annex B (informative) Dichotomic (or Langlie) method ............................................................................ 74

B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 74

B.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 74

B.3 Calculation of results .................................................................................................................................. 75

B.4 Values at 95 % confidence level .............................................................................................................. 78

B.5 Example ........................................................................................................................................................... 79

Annex C (informative) Mechanical Conditioning (Shock Apparatus) .................................................... 83

Annex D (informative) Mechanical Impact Test (Drop Test) .................................................................... 86

Annex E (informative) Adjustment of the ESD generator ........................................................................... 87

E.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 87

E.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 88

Annex F (informative) Specification of grinding steel for wire abrasion test ..................................... 89

F.1 Type ................................................................................................................................................................... 89

F.2 Material ............................................................................................................................................................ 89

F.3 Dimensions ..................................................................................................................................................... 89

F.4 Availability of abrasive strips (informative) ...................................................................................... 91

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 16265:2016
EN 16265:2015 (E)
Annex G (normative) Determination of the duration of accelerated ageing test to

demonstrate the correct functioning at the “use by ” date ............................................................ 92

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2007/23/EC on the placing on the market of

pyrotechnic articles ..................................................................................................................................... 95

Annex ZB (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2013/29/EU on the placing on the market

of pyrotechnic articles ................................................................................................................................ 97

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 98

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 16265:2016
EN 16265:2015 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 16265:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 212 “Pyrotechnic

articles”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2016, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2016.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.

This European standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential safety requirements of EU Directive

2007/23/EC and 2013/29/EU on the placing on the market of pyrotechnic articles.

For relationship with EU Directives 2007/23/EC and 2013/29/EU on the placing on the market of

pyrotechnic articles, see informative Annexes ZA and ZB, which are an integral part of this document.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 16265:2016
EN 16265:2015 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard defines the terms and specifies the requirements, means of categorization, test

methods, minimum labelling requirements and instructions for use, for ignition devices (except ignition

devices for pyrotechnic articles for vehicles) of the following generic types:
— igniters;
— components for pyrotechnic trains;
— pyrotechnic cords and fuses;
— delay fuses;
— fuzes.

NOTE Safety fuses are subject to Directive 93/15/EEC and therefore not considered in this European

Standard.

This European Standard does not apply for articles containing pyrotechnic compositions that include

any of the following substances:
— arsenic or arsenic compounds;
— polychlorobenzenes;
— mercury compounds;
— white phosphorus;
— picrates or picric acid.

This European Standard does not apply to pyrotechnic articles that contain detonative explosives other

than black powder and/or flash composition, except igniters if these detonative explosives:

— can be easily extracted from the pyrotechnic article, or
— can initiate secondary explosives, or

— can function in a detonative manner, although the article is not designed to detonate and the article

belongs to the category P2.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO 13385-1, Geometrical product specifications (GPS) — Dimensional measuring equipment — Part

1: Callipers; Design and metrological characteristics (ISO 13385-1)

EN 61672-1, Electroacoustics — Sound level meters — Part 1: Specifications (IEC 61672-1)

ISO 2859-1, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes — Part 1: Sampling schemes indexed by

acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 16265:2016
EN 16265:2015 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1 G
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.