This document specifies the method for the determination of the content of lead and lead compounds in pyrotechnic compositions of fireworks by Inductive coupled plasma spectrometry.

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This document specifies the method for the determination of the content of lead and lead compounds in pyrotechnic compositions of fireworks by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF).

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This document specifies the test method for the determination of the mercury content in pyrotechnic compositions by hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry.

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This document specifies the method for determination of the nitrogen content in nitrocellulose within pyrotechnic compositions of fireworks by iron(II) sulphate titration.

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This document specifies the qualitative and quantitative analysis methods for the determination of the presence and content of zirconium with a particle size of less than 40 µm in pyrotechnic compositions by specific colour-rendering reactions and Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES), with a minimum detection limit of 100 mg/kg. The determination of the presence of zirconium with a particle size of less than 40 µm is required for application of ISO 25947-5. Quantitative analysis may bring complementary information if necessary.

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This document specifies the qualitative and quantitative analysis methods for the determination of the chlorates content in pyrotechnic compositions by chemical titration analysis, with the minimum detection limit (Cl O3-1) of 1 000 mg/kg.

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This document specifies the test method for the determination of the arsenic content in pyrotechnic compositions by hydride generation -atomic fluorescence spectrometry

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This document provides guidance on the operation of fireworks displays by professional teams of people with specialized knowledge. It is not applicable to the use of theatrical pyrotechnic articles on stage, in filming locations, or any other locations. It is not applicable to displays that involve only fireworks of categories 1, 2 and 3.

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This document specifies the test method for determination of the lead content in pyrotechnic compositions of fireworks by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry, with a minimum detection limit of 10 mg/kg. It is generally recommended to perform a simple preliminary qualitative test to check whether a quantitative analysis is required.

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This document specifies the preparation methods of the test samples for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of specific chemical substances in fireworks. The document applies to the following substances to be tested using ISO 22863 (all parts): — hexachlorobenzene; — lead and lead compounds; — arsenic or arsenic compounds; — mercury compounds; — chlorates; — white phosphorus; — picrates or picric acid; — zirconium with a particle size of less than 40 µm; — content of nitrogen in nitrocellulose.

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This document specifies the test method for the determination of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in pyrotechnic compositions by gas chromatography. The limit of detection depends on the substance to be determined, the equipment used, the quality of chemicals used for the extraction of the sample, and the clean-up of the extract. Under the conditions specified in this document, a limit of detection of 1 mg/kg (expressed as dry matter) can be achieved.

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ISO/TR 21865:2017 describes the relevant responsibilities of the involved manufacturers of fireworks articles and corresponding laboratories for the application of the ISO 25947 series and the ISO 26261 series. By applying this approach, a clear separation of the responsibilities of the manufacturers and the third party laboratories is achieved in order to demonstrate the conformity to the relevant safety specifications defined in these standards.

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ISO 25947-1:2017 defines various terms relating to the design, construction, primary packaging and testing of fireworks of categories 1, 2 and 3.

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ISO 25947-3:2017 specifies the minimum labelling requirements for the article and primary or selection packaging of fireworks of the following types: - aerial wheels; - bangers; - batteries; - batteries requiring external support; - Bengal flames; - Bengal matches; - Bengal sticks; - Christmas crackers; - combinations; - combinations requiring external support; - compound fireworks; - crackling granules; - double bangers; - double flash bangers; - flash bangers; - flash pellets; - fountains; - ground movers; - ground spinners; - hand-held sparklers; - jumping crackers; - jumping ground spinners; - mines; - mini rockets; - nezumi-hanabi; - non-hand-held sparklers; - novelty matches; - party poppers; - rockets; - Roman candles; - senko-hanabi; - serpents; - shot tubes; - snaps; - spinners; - table bombs; - throwdowns; - wheels. ISO 29547-3:2017 does not apply for theatrical pyrotechnic articles which are designed for indoor or outdoor stage use, including film and television productions or similar use.

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ISO 25947-4:2017 specifies test methods. It is applicable to fireworks in categories 1, 2 and 3 according to ISO 25947‑2.

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ISO 25947-5:2017 specifies requirements for the construction, performance and primary packaging of fireworks of category 1, 2 and 3 of the following types: - aerial wheels; - bangers; - batteries; - batteries requiring external support; - Bengal flames; - Bengal matches; - Bengal sticks; - Christmas crackers; - combinations; - combinations requiring external support; - compound fireworks; - crackling granules; - double bangers; - double flash bangers; - flash bangers; - flash pellets; - fountains; - ground movers; - ground spinners; - hand-held sparklers; - jumping crackers; - jumping ground spinners; - mines; - mini rockets; - nezumi-hanabi; - non-hand-held sparklers; - novelty matches; - party poppers; - rockets; - Roman candles; - senko-hanabi; - serpents; - shot tubes; - snaps; - spinners; - table bombs; - throwdowns; - wheels. ISO 25947-5:2017 does not apply to articles containing pyrotechnic composition that includes any of the following substances: - arsenic or arsenic compounds; - hexachlorobenzene; - mixtures containing a mass fraction of chlorates greater than 80 %; - mixtures of chlorates with metals; - mixtures of chlorates with red phosphorus (except when used in Christmas crackers, party poppers, snaps and throwdowns); - mixtures of chlorates with potassium hexacyanoferrate(II); - mixtures of chlorates with sulfur (these mixtures are allowed for friction heads only); - mixtures of chlorates with sulfides; - lead or lead compounds; - mercury compounds; - white phosphorus; - picrates or picric acid; - potassium chlorate with a mass fraction of bromates greater than 0,15 %; - sulfur with an acidity, expressed in mass fraction of sulphuric acid, greater than 0,002 %; - zirconium with a particle size of less than 40 µm. ISO 25947-5:2017 does not apply for theatrical pyrotechnic articles which are designed for indoor or outdoor stage use, including film and television productions or similar use.

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ISO 25947-2:2017 establishes a system for dividing fireworks into categories and types. It is applicable to fireworks in categories 1, 2 and 3. This document does not apply to category 4 fireworks except for Clause 4 and theatrical pyrotechnic articles which are designed for indoor and outdoor stage use, including film and television productions or similar use.

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ISO 26261-3:2017 specifies test methods for fireworks of Category 4.

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ISO 26261-4:2017 specifies the minimum labelling requirements and the mandatory instructions for use for Category 4 fireworks. This document does not apply for theatrical pyrotechnic articles which are designed for indoor or outdoor stage use, including film and television productions or similar use.

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ISO 26261-1:2017 provides terminology relating to the design, construction, primary packaging and testing of category 4 fireworks.

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ISO 26261-2:2017 specifies requirements for the construction, performance and protective packaging of Category 4 fireworks, as listed in ISO 26261‑1. ISO 26261-2:2017 does not apply for articles containing pyrotechnic compositions that include any of the following substances: - arsenic or arsenic compounds; - polychlorobenzenes; - lead or lead compounds (except for igniters); - mercury compounds; - white phosphorus; - picrates or picric acid. ISO 26261-2:2017 does not apply for theatrical pyrotechnic articles which are designed for indoor or outdoor stage use, including film and television productions or similar use.

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This European Standard defines various terms and specifies requirements, categorisation, test methods, minimum labelling requirements and end users documentation, for ignition devices (except ignition devices for vehicles) of the following generic types:
- Igniters,
- Components for pyrotechnic trains,
- Pyrotechnic Cords and fuses,
- Delay fuses,
- Fuzes.

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This European Standard defines the terms and specifies the requirements, means of categorisation, test methods, minimum labelling requirements and instructions for use, for ignition devices (except ignition devices for pyrotechnic articles for vehicles) of the following generic types:
-  igniters;
-  components for pyrotechnic trains;
-  pyrotechnic Cords and fuses;
-  delay fuses;
-  fuzes.
NOTE   Safety fuses are subject to Directive 93/15/EEC and therefore not considered in this European Standard.
This European Standard does not apply for articles containing pyrotechnic compositions that include any of the following substances:
-  arsenic or arsenic compounds;
-  polychlorobenzenes;
-  mercury compounds;
-  white phosphorus;
-  picrates or picric acid.
This European Standard does not apply to pyrotechnic articles containing blasting agents and military explosives except black powder and flash composition.

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This European Standard defines various terms relating to the design, construction, primary packaging and testing of fireworks of categories 1, 2 and 3.

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This European Standard specifies minimum labelling requirements for the article and primary or selection packaging of fireworks of the following types: aerial wheels; bangers; batteries and combinations; batteries with external support; Bengal flames; Bengal matches; Bengal sticks; Christmas crackers; combinations; combinations with external support; compound fireworks; crackling granules; double bangers; flash bangers; flash pellets; fountains; ground movers; ground spinners; hand-held sparklers; jumping crackers; jumping ground spinners; mines; mini rockets; non-hand-held sparklers; novelty matches; party poppers; rockets; Roman candles; serpents; shot tubes; snaps; spinners; table bombs; throwdowns; wheels.

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This European Standard establishes a system for dividing fireworks into categories and types. It is applicable to fireworks in categories 1, 2 and 3.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for the construction, performance and primary packaging of fireworks of category 1, 2 and 3 of the following types: aerial wheels; bangers; batteries and combinations; batteries with external support; Bengal flames; Bengal matches; Bengal sticks; Christmas crackers; combinations; combinations with external support; compound fireworks; crackling granules; double bangers; flash bangers; flash pellets; fountains; ground movers; ground spinners; hand-held sparklers; jumping crackers; jumping ground spinners; mines; mini rockets; non-hand-held sparklers; novelty matches; party poppers; rockets; Roman candles; serpents; shot tubes; snaps; spinners; table bombs; throwdowns; wheels.

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This European Standard specifies test methods. It is applicable to fireworks in categories 1, 2 and 3 according to EN 15947-2.

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This European Standard defines various terms relating to the design, construction, primary packaging and testing of fireworks of categories F1, F2 and F3.

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This European Standard specifies test methods. It is applicable to fireworks in categories F1, F2 and F3 according to EN 15947 2:2015.

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This European Standard establishes a system for dividing fireworks into categories and types. It is applicable to fireworks in categories F1, F2 and F3.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for construction, performance and primary or selection packaging of fireworks. It is applicable to fireworks in categories F1, F2 and F3 according to EN 15947 2:2015.
This European Standard does not apply for articles containing detonative explosives except for black powder or flash composition.
This European Standard does not apply for articles containing pyrotechnic composition that includes any of the following substances:
-   arsenic or arsenic compounds;
-   hexachlorobenzene;
-   mixtures containing a mass fraction of chlorates greater than 80 %;
-   mixtures of chlorates with metals;
-   mixtures of chlorates with red phosphorus (except when used in Christmas crackers, party poppers or snaps);
-   mixtures of chlorates with potassium hexacyanoferrate(II);
-   mixtures of chlorates with sulfur (these mixtures are allowed for friction heads only);
-   mixtures of chlorates with sulfides;
-   lead or lead compounds;
-   mercury compounds;
-   white phosphorus;
-   picrates or picric acid;
-   potassium chlorate with a mass fraction of bromates greater than 0,15 %;
-   sulfur with an acidity, expressed in mass fraction of sulphuric acid, greater than 0,002 %;
-   zirconium with a particle size of less than 40 µm.

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This European Standard specifies minimum labelling requirements for the article and primary or selection packaging of fireworks. It is applicable to fireworks in categories F1, F2 and F3 according to EN 15947-2:2015.

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This European Standard defines the procedure for placing generic types, subtypes or individual items of other pyrotechnic articles (except pyrotechnic articles for vehicles and ignition devices) in the appropriate categories - P1 and P2 - and list them.

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This European Standard defines various terms relating to the design, construction, performances, labelling and testing of other pyrotechnic articles (except pyrotechnic articles for vehicles and ignition devices).

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This European standard specifies requirements for the construction and  performances of other pyrotechnic articles (except pyrotechnic articles for vehicles) of the following generic types:
- Semi-finished pyrotechnic products,
- Flash Cartridges,
- Other Cartridges,
- Pyrotechnic matches,
- Flares,
- Sound / Noise emitters,
- Gas generators,
- Smoke / Fog generators,
- Pyromechanical devices,
- Rockets and their motors,
- Heaters.

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This European standard specifies minimum requirements for labelling of the article and for the end users documentation applicable to other pyrotechnic articles (except pyrotechnic articles for vehicles and ignition devices).

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This European Standard specifies test methods for other pyrotechnic articles (except pyrotechnic articles for vehicles and ignition devices).

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This European Standard defines the procedure for categorization of other pyrotechnic articles except pyrotechnic articles for vehicles, ignition devices and cartridges for powder actuated tools (PAT).

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This European Standard defines various terms relating to the design, construction, performances, labelling and testing of other pyrotechnic articles as defined by Directive 2007/23/EC on the placing on the market of pyrotechnic articles (except pyrotechnic articles for vehicles, cartridges for powder actuated tools and ignition devices).

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This European Standard specifies the minimum labelling requirements and the mandatory instructions for use for other pyrotechnic articles (except pyrotechnic articles for vehicles, cartridges for powder actuated tools and ignition devices).

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This European Standard specifies requirements for the construction and performances of other pyrotechnic articles, except pyrotechnic articles for vehicles, ignition devices and cartridges for powder actuated tools (PAT), of the following generic types:
-   flares;
-   flash devices;
-   gas generators;
-   heaters;
-   other cartridges;
-   pyromechanical devices;
-   rockets and rocket motors;
-   semi-finished pyrotechnic articles;
-   smoke / aerosol generators;
-   sound emitters;
-   pyrotechnic liquid dispersers.
This European Standard does not apply for articles containing pyrotechnic compositions that include any of the following substances:
-   arsenic or arsenic compounds;
-   polychlorobenzenes;
-   mercury compounds;
-   lead compounds (except for those included in ignition devices);
-   white phosphorus;
-   picrates or picric acid.
This European Standard does not apply to pyrotechnic articles that contain detonative explosives other than black powder and/or flash composition, if these detonative explosives:
-   can be easily extracted from the pyrotechnic article, or;
-   can initiate secondary explosives, or;
-   can function in a detonative manner although the article is not designed to detonate and the article belongs to the category P2.

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This European Standard specifies test methods for other pyrotechnic articles (except pyrotechnic articles for vehicles, cartridges for powder actuated tools and ignition devices).

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EN 16264 defines the procedures for classifying, testing and labelling of cartridges for powder actuated tools (PAT cartridges), as defined in Clause 3 of this standard. This European Standard does not apply to pyrotechnic articles containing blasting agents and military explosives except black powder and flash composition. PAT cartridges contain pyrotechnic composition(s) delivering mainly gases, intended to propel a piston. The piston propels fasteners (e.g. nails) or drives hard marking characters into appropriate materials. This standard also applies to PAT cartridges sold to persons younger than 18 years, if this is permitted by the member state due to the low hazard of the PAT cartridges.

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This European Standard defines the procedures for classifying, testing and labelling of cartridges for powder actuated tools (PAT cartridges), as defined in Clause 3 of this standard.
This European Standard does not apply to pyrotechnic articles containing blasting agents and military explosives except black powder and flash composition.
PAT cartridges contain pyrotechnic composition(s) delivering mainly gases, intended to propel a piston. The piston propels fasteners (e.g. nails) or drives hard marking characters into appropriate materials.
This standard also applies to PAT cartridges sold to persons younger than 18 years, if this is permitted by the member state due to the low hazard of the PAT cartridges.
NOTE   PAT cartridges can also be used for hard marking tools. Information on cartridge operated fixing and hard marking tools can be found in EN 15895:2011.
This European Standard applies to the cartridges listed in Table 1.
(...)

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This European Standard describes a method for assessing the deflagration to detonation transition (DDT) risk of an explosive material subjected to a mechanical threat.
Testing applies to any compact solid explosive material.

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This part of ISO 14451 specifies the types and order of tests to be applied to the semi finished products and sets out the acceptance criteria and means of categorization. This part of ISO 14451 applies to type tests. This part of ISO 14451 is not applicable to articles containing military explosives or commercial blasting agents except for black powder or flash composition.

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This European Standard specifies test methods for fireworks of category 4.

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This European Standard defines various terms relating to the design, construction, primary packaging and testing of theatrical pyrotechnic articles and specifies their generic types.

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This European Standard specifies requirements for the construction, performance and protective packaging of Category 4 fireworks, as listed in EN 16261-1. This European Standard does not apply for articles containing pyrotechnic compositions that include any of the following substances: - arsenic or arsenic compounds; - polychlorobenzenes; - lead or lead compounds; - mercury compounds; - white phosphorus; - picrates or picric acid. This European Standard does not apply for articles containing military explosives or commercial blasting agents except for black powder or flash composition. In addition, any European regulation regarding forbidden substances should be taken into account.

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