This International Standard specifies a chromatographic method to determine the amount of middle-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCP) C14-C17 in processed and unprocessed leather.

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This standard specifies a Chromatographic method for the determination of short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCP) in leather

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This document specifies the terms and definitions relating to aromatic natural raw materials.

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This European Standard is applicable to calcium carbonate used for treatment of water intended for human consumption. It describes the characteristics of calcium carbonate and specifies the requirements and the corresponding test methods for calcium carbonate. It gives information on its use in water treatment.

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ISO 14687-2:2012 specifies the quality characteristics of hydrogen fuel in order to ensure uniformity of the hydrogen product as dispensed for utilization in proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell road vehicle systems.

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This document specifies the minimum amount of information spectroscopy to be reported with the analytical results to describe the methods of charge control and charge correction in measurements of core-level binding energies for insulating specimens by X‑ray photoelectron. It also provides methods for charge control and for charge correction in the measurement of binding energies.

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1 Scope and object
This clause of Part 1 is applicable, except as follows:
1.1 Scope
1.1.1 Equipment included in scope
Deletion:
Delete the first paragraph.
Replacement:
Replace the second paragraph (above items a) to c)) with the following new text:
This part of IEC 61010 specifies particular safety requirements for cabinet X-ray systems, which
fall under any of categories a), b) or c) below.
Addition:
Add the two following new paragraphs at the end of the subclause:
Equipment covered by this document can be both PROTECTED EQUIPMENT or PARTIALLY
PROTECTED EQUIPMENT, with X-ray generator voltage up to 500 kV.
A cabinet X-ray system is a system that contains an X-ray tube installed in a cabinet, which,
independently of existing architectural structures except the floor on which it may be placed, is
intended to contain at least that portion of a material being irradiated, provide radiation
attenuation and prevent operator access to the radiation beam, during generation of X-radiation.
These cabinet X-ray systems are used in industrial, commercial, and public environments, for
example, to inspect materials, to analyse materials, and to screen baggage.
1.1.2 Equipment excluded from scope
Addition:
Add the following new items to the list:
aa) Equipment intended to apply X-radiation to humans or animals;
bb) Equipment incorporating an X-ray tube but not incorporating complete shielding against
X-radiation HAZARDS, such as:
– equipment intended to be used within a shielded room which excludes personnel during
operation;
– equipment intended to be used with separate portable or temporary shielding;
– equipment intended to produce an emerging beam of X-radiation.
1.2 Object
1.2.1 Aspects included in scope
Addition:
Add the following new text to the end of the first paragraph:
This part of IEC 61010 specifies requirements for the design and methods of construction of
cabinet X-ray systems to provide adequate protection for OPERATORS, bystanders, trained
service personnel and the surrounding area against unintentionally-emitted X-radiation and from
mechanical HAZARDS related to their conveyors.

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This document specifies certain characteristics of the essential oil of Eucalyptus, Australian type, with a view to facilitating the assessment of its quality.

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1   Scope and object
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows:
1.1.1 Equipment included in scope
Replacement:
Replace the text with the following:
This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and lSO/lEC Guide 51.
This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements for equipment having testing or measuring circuits which are connected for test or measurement purposes to devices or circuits outside the measurement equipment itself.
These include measuring circuits which are part of electrical test and measurement equipment, laboratory equipment, or process control equipment. The existence of these circuits in equipment requires additional protective means between the circuit and an OPERATOR.
NOTE These testing and measuring circuits can, for example:
–   measure voltages in circuits of other equipment,
–   measure temperature of a separate device via a thermocouple,
–   measure force on a separate device via a strain gauge,
–   inject a voltage onto a circuit to analyse a new design.
Equipment having these testing and measuring circuits may be intended for performing tests and measurements on hazardous conductors, including MAINS conductors and telecommunication network conductors. See Annex BB for considerations of HAZARDS involved in various tests and measurements.

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This document specifies certain characteristics of the essential oil of palmarosa [Cymbopogon martini (Roxb.) W. Watson var. motia], with a view to facilitating the assessment of its quality.

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This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for
the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the
preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this
standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and lSO/lEC Guide 51.
This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements for measurement equipment for
insulation resistance and test equipment for electric strength with an output voltage exceeding
50 V a.c. or 120 V d.c.
This document also applies to combined measuring equipment which has an insulation
resistance measurement function or an electric strength test measurement function.

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This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for
the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the
preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this
standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and
lSO/lEC Guide 51.
This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements for equipment having testing or
measuring circuits which are connected for test or measurement purposes to devices or
circuits outside the measurement equipment itself.
These include measuring circuits which are part of electrical test and measurement
equipment, laboratory equipment, or process control equipment. The existence of these
circuits in equipment requires additional protective means between the circuit and an
OPERATOR.
NOTE These testing and measuring circuits can, for example:
– measure voltages in circuits of other equipment,
– measure temperature of a separate device via a thermocouple,
– measure force on a separate device via a strain gauge,
– inject a voltage onto a circuit to analyse a new design.
Equipment having these testing and measuring circuits may be intended for performing tests
and measurements on hazardous conductors, including MAINS conductors and
telecommunication network conductors. See Annex BB for considerations of HAZARDS involved
in various tests and measurements.

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This document specifies a high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method, using either an internal standard or external standard, for the determination of the bergapten content in essential oil of bergamot [Citrus aurantium ssp. bergamia (Risso et Poit.) Wight et Arn. ex Engl.], in essential oil of lemon [Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.], in essential oil of bitter orange (Citrus bigaradia Risso) and in essential oil of lime [Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle and Citrus latifolia Tanaka], all of them fully or partially reduced in bergapten.

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1   Scope and object
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows:
1.1.1 Equipment included in scope
Replacement:
Replace the text with the following:
This group safety publication is primarily intended to be used as a product safety standard for the products mentioned in the scope, but shall also be used by technical committees in the preparation of their publications for products similar to those mentioned in the scope of this standard, in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 104 and lSO/lEC Guide 51.
This part of IEC 61010 specifies safety requirements for measurement equipment for insulation resistance and test equipment for electric strength with an output voltage exceeding 50 V a.c. or 120 V d.c..
This part also applies to combined measuring equipment which has an insulation resistance measurement function or an electric strength test measurement function.

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This document specifies the requirements and test methods for external tooth bleaching products.
These products are intended for use in the oral cavity, either by professional application (in-office
tooth bleaching products) or consumer application (professional or non-professional home use of
tooth bleaching products), or both. It also specifies requirements for their packaging, labelling and
manufacturer’s instructions for use.
This document is not applicable to tooth bleaching products:
— specified in ISO 11609;
— intended to change colour perception of natural teeth by mechanical methods (e.g. stain removal)
or using restorative approaches, such as veneers or crowns;
— auxiliary or supplementary materials (e.g. tray materials) and instruments or devices (e.g. lights)
that are used in conjunction with the bleaching products.
This document does not specify biological safety aspects of tooth bleaching products.
NOTE Maximum concentration of a bleaching agent for professional or non-professional use is subject to
each country’s regulatory body.

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This document specifies a method of determining relative sensitivity factors (RSFs) for secondary-ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) from ion-implanted reference materials. The method is applicable to specimens in which the matrix is of uniform chemical composition, and in which the peak concentration of the implanted species does not exceed one atomic percent.

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IEC 60335-2-104:2021 is available as IEC 60335-2-104:2021 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60335-2-104:2021 deals with the safety of electrical recovery and/or recycle equipment to recover and/or recycle refrigerant from air conditioning and refrigeration equipment. This applies to air-conditioning, heat-pumps and refrigeration equipment incorporating open drive or motor-compressors, their maximum rated voltages being not more than 300 V for single phase appliances and 600 V for all other equipment.
Appliances not intended for normal household use but which nevertheless may be a source of danger to the public, such as appliances intended to be used by service personnel in shops, in light industry and on farms, are within the scope of this standard.
The appliances referenced above may consist of one or more factory made assemblies. If provided in more than one assembly, the separate assemblies are to be used together, and the requirements are based on the use of matched assemblies.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2003. This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) Clause 1 - The scope has been edited to reflect that "appliance" in this document means recovery and/or recycle equipment to recover and/or recycle refrigerant from air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment.
b) Clause 2 - Normative references were added.
c) Clause 3 - Some definitions were deleted, some were added.
d) Subclause 7.1 - Some markings were deleted, some were added.
e) Subclause 7.6 - Symbols were added for “read operator’s manual”, “operator’s manual; operating instructions” including coloring are placed in visible location; maximum allowable pressure markings following X MPa.
f) Subclause 19.11.4 was modified.
g) Subclause 21.1 was modified.
h) Subclause 21.2 was modified.
i) Subclause 22.102 was modified.
j) Subclause 22.104.1.1 was modified.
k) Subclause 22.104.5 was modified.
l) Subclause 22.104.10 was modified.
m) Subclause 22.104.11 was modified.
n) Subclause 22.105.1 was modified.
o) Subclause 22.107 was modified.
p) Subclause 30.2 was moved to Clause 29.
q) Annex AA was deleted and replaced with Annex AA.
r) Annex BB was deleted and replaced with former IEC 60335-2-104 Annex CC (normative) Compatibility requirements following addition to Annex BB.
s) Annex DD was deleted and replaced with Annex CC.
t) New Annex DD was added.
u) New Annex EE was added.
This part 2 is to be used in conjunction with the fifth edition of IEC 60335-1:2010 and its amendments.

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This document specifies a chromatographic method to determine the amount of short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs: C10-C13) and middle-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs: C14-C17) in textile articles, especially in polymer of the coated fabrics, prints made of polymer and buttons made of polymer (e.g. polyvinylchloride) by means of  solvent extraction and gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry (GC-NCI-MS).

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This document specifies a determination procedure of energy resolution in the scanning transmission electron microscope or the transmission electron microscope equipped with the electron energy loss (EEL) spectrometer. This document is applicable to both in-column type EEL spectrometer and post-column type EEL spectrometer. These EEL signal detecting systems are applicable to a parallel detecting system and a serial detecting system.

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This document specifies procedures for quantitative analysis of Mn dendritic segregation in steel billets, blooms, slabs using electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). This document is mainly applicable to continuously cast products with Mn content more than 0,01Â % by mass. It can also be used for steel ingots and steel products, such as cast iron and cast steel. The minimum size of analysable dendrites is totally dependent on the resolution of microscope of EPMA and beam size of filament used for quantitative analysis.

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This document gives guidance on methods of handling, mounting and surface treatment for a biomaterial specimen prior to surface chemical analysis. It is intended for the analyst as an aid in understanding the specialized specimen-handling conditions required for analyses by the following techniques: —   X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS or ESCA); —   secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS); —   Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). The protocols presented are also applicable to other analytical techniques that are sensitive to surface composition, such as: —   attenuated total reflectance -Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR); —   total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF); —   ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS). The influence of vacuum conditions applied and the issue of contamination before and after analysis and implantation, as well as issues related to contamination during analysis, are addressed. Biomaterials covered here are hard and soft specimens such as metals, ceramics, scaffolds and polymers. This document does not cover such viable biological materials as cells, tissues and living organisms. Other related topics not covered in this document include: preparation of specimens for electron or light microscopy.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of free and released formaldehyde in leathers.
This method, based on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), is selective and not sensitive
to coloured extracts and is intended to be used for precise quantification of formaldehyde.
The formaldehyde content is taken to be the quantity of free formaldehyde and formaldehyde extracted
through hydrolysis contained in a water extract from the leather under standard conditions of use.

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This document specifies the method for the determination of the content of lead and lead compounds in pyrotechnic compositions of fireworks by Inductive coupled plasma spectrometry.

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This document provides guidelines for measuring the sputtered depth in sputtered depth profiling. The methods of sputtered depth measurement described in this document are applicable to techniques of surface chemical analysis when used in combination with ion bombardment for the removal of a part of a solid sample to a typical sputtered depth of up to several micrometres. The depth typically determined by this approach is between 1 nm to 500 µm.

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This document specifies the method for the determination of the content of lead and lead compounds in pyrotechnic compositions of fireworks by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF).

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This document is provided to assist in the surface analysis of thin films on materials which are not thought to contain carbon compounds as intended components but for which a C1s peak is observed in the survey spectrum. The films can be those generated on metals and alloys by aerobic or electrochemical oxidation or be those deposited on inert substrates. The procedure described is not suitable for discontinuous deposits of particles on a substrate. With this exception, a simple procedure is provided for identifying the C1s signal from carbon-containing surface contamination. When the C1s peak is identified as arising from an adventitious over-layer the composition derived from the survey spectrum can be corrected for its influence. Recommended procedures are provided in the form of simple Rules structured in the 'If - Then` format with the intention that the information they embody might be utilised by automated procedures in data-systems. The rules provided utilize only information retrieved from the XPS survey scan.

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IEC 61010-2-202:2020 is available as IEC 61010-2-202:2020 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.

IEC 61010-2-202:2020 constitutes Part 2-202 of a planned series of standards on industrial-process measurement, control and automation equipment. Safety terms of general use are defined in IEC 61010-1. More specific terms are defined in each part. This part incorporates the safety related requirements of electrically operated valve ACTUATORs and SOLENOIDs. This document does not cover functional safety aspects of electrically operated ACTUATORs and SOLENOIDs.

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This document provides guidelines that are applicable to bulk and depth profiling GD-OES analyses. The guidelines discussed herein are limited to the analysis of rigid solids, and do not cover the analysis of powders, gases or solutions. Combined with specific standard methods which are available now and, in the future, these guidelines are intended to enable the regulation of instruments and the control of measuring conditions. Although several types of glow discharge optical emission sources have been developed over the years, the Grimm type with a hollow anode accounts for a very large majority of glow discharge optical emission devices currently in use both for dc and rf sources. However, the cathode contact is often located at the back of the sample, in e.g. the Marcus type source, rather than at the front as in the original Grimm design. The guidelines contained herein are equally applicable to both and other source designs and the Grimm type source is used only as an example.

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This document specifies the test method for the determination of the mercury content in pyrotechnic compositions by hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry.

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This document specifies the method for determination of the nitrogen content in nitrocellulose within pyrotechnic compositions of fireworks by iron(II) sulphate titration.

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This document defines the most important quantities that characterize an energy-dispersive X‑ray spectrometer consisting of a semiconductor detector, a pre-amplifier and a signal-processing unit as the essential parts. This document is only applicable to spectrometers with semiconductor detectors operating on the principle of solid-state ionization. This document specifies minimum requirements and how relevant instrumental performance parameters are to be checked for such spectrometers attached to a scanning electron microscope (SEM) or an electron probe microanalyser (EPMA). The procedure used for the actual analysis is outlined in ISO 22309[2] and ASTM E1508[3] and is outside the scope of this document.

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This document specifies a method of test for determining the natural durability of a timber against wood-destroying basidiomycetes cultured on a malt extract agar medium. The method is applicable to all timber species.
Furthermore this method can be used to test modified wood. The test method described in this document can be applied to specific wood species, commercial supplies of sawn timber, wood-based materials, wood treated with preservatives and modified wood, both thermally and chemically modified wood.
However, this document is not intended to determine the effectiveness of wood preservatives used to prevent decay.
NOTE 1 Determining the efficacy of wood preservatives used to prevent decay is the scope of EN 113-1. However, in addition to this and with some amendments, it might also be possible in some cases to test treated wood using the method described here.
NOTE 2 This method can be used in conjunction with an ageing procedure, for example EN 73 or EN 84.
Annex A (informative) contains a guidance on sampling.
Annex B (normative) contains some methods of sterilization.
Annex C (informative) contains information on the culture vessels.
Annex D (informative) contains an example of a test report.
Annex E (informative) contains information on the test fungi.
Annex F (informative) contains the assessment of the results.

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This document specifies the test method for the determination of the arsenic content in pyrotechnic compositions by hydride generation -atomic fluorescence spectrometry

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This document specifies the qualitative and quantitative analysis methods for the determination of the presence and content of zirconium with a particle size of less than 40 µm in pyrotechnic compositions by specific colour-rendering reactions and Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES), with a minimum detection limit of 100 mg/kg. The determination of the presence of zirconium with a particle size of less than 40 µm is required for application of ISO 25947-5. Quantitative analysis may bring complementary information if necessary.

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This document specifies the qualitative and quantitative analysis methods for the determination of the chlorates content in pyrotechnic compositions by chemical titration analysis, with the minimum detection limit (Cl O3-1) of 1 000 mg/kg.

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This Technical Reports describes quality designations and indications for algae and directly derived products from algae production required for or by cosmetics producers and industry. It does not apply to Food and Feed sectors.
Note: This TRs does not provide instructions on existing handling of technical requirements in existing legislations

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This document specifies a method for determining the efficacy of wood preservatives applied to wood by
penetration treatment against wood destroying basidiomycetes cultured on a malt extract agar medium.
The method is applicable to formulated products or to their active ingredients.
NOTE This method can be used in conjunction with an ageing procedure, for example EN 73 or EN 84.
Annex A (informative) contains an example of a test report.
Annex B (informative) contains some methods of sterilization.
Annex C (informative) contains information on the test vessels.
Annex D (informative) contains information on test fungi.
Annex E (informative) contains a recommended but non-comprehensive list of optional fungi.

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This European Standard describes a method for the determination of the boiling range distribution of petroleum products by capillary gas chromatography using flame ionisation detection. The standard is applicable to crude oils. The boiling range distribution and recovery to C100 or C120 can be determined.
Two procedures are described: single and dual analysis mode. The basis of each is the calculation procedure as described in Annex A.
NOTE 1   This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations.
NOTE 2   For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms "% (m/m)" and "% (V/V)" are used to represent respectively the mass fraction and the volume fraction.
WARNING : Use of this European Standard may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This European Standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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The aim of this technical report is to summarise the actual situation regarding many aspects regarding bio-based surfactants and their relation to any other surfactant regardless of its origin.  It will describe existing raw material sources with regard to their current usage in surface active agents, their source identification and conformation, and the options for communication same.
It shall also include the current work on surfactants regarding their performances, their sustainability, the LCA approaches and end of life options

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This document defines the minimum requirements to ensure the interoperability of hydrogen refuelling points, including refuelling protocols that dispense gaseous hydrogen to road vehicles (e.g. Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles) that comply with legislation applicable to such vehicles.
The safety and performance requirements for the entire hydrogen fuelling station, addressed in accordance with existing relevant European and national legislation, are not included in this document.
NOTE Guidance on considerations for hydrogen fuelling stations is provided in ISO 19880-1.

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This document specifies a method, using acetone, to determine the mass percentage of acetate, after
removal of non-fibrous matter, in textiles made of mixtures of
— acetate
with
— wool, animal hair, silk, protein, cotton (scoured, kiered, or bleached), flax (or linen), hemp, jute, abaca,
alfa, coir, broom, ramie, sisal, cupro, viscose, modal, polyamide, polyester, polypropylene, acrylic,
elastolefin, elastomultiester, melamine, polypropylene/polyamide bicomponent, polyacrylate and
glass fibres.
It is not applicable to mixtures containing modacrylic fibres, certain chlorofibres, nor to mixtures
containing acetate fibres that have been deacetylated on the surface.

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This document specifies certain characteristics of the essential oil of matricaria [Matricaria chamomilla L. syn. Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert] in order to facilitate assessment of its quality.

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This document specifies a method for the determination of traces of perchlorate with liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry detection (LC‐MS/MS). The method is applicable to mineral fertilizers.

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This European Standard specifies a test method and the minimum requirements for bactericidal activity of chemical disinfectant products intended to be used for treatment in aqueous systems against Legionella pneumophila that form a homogeneous, physically stable preparation when diluted with buffered ferrous hard water or hard water. Whenever Legionella pneumophila poses a risk to human health, this method is suitable for water used in cooling towers and water for general purposes, like spas, pools, showers and other uses. The method is not suitable for electro-chemical disinfection.
The European Standard applies to products used to treat water in order to kill Legionella pneumophila.
NOTE 1   The method described is intended to determine the activity of commercial formulations or active substances under the conditions in which they are used.
NOTE 2   This method corresponds to a phase 2 step 1 test .
NOTE 3   This method does not take into account the fact that Legionella pneumophila is often found in cells of amoebae and/or biofilms and that thereby a product’s activity against the bacteria may be reduced.
EN 14885 specifies in detail the relationship of the various tests to one another and to "use recommendation".

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This document specifies a procedure for evaluating the water resistance retention percentage, by comparing the sun protection factor (SPF) before water immersion (hereafter referred to as the "static" SPF) and after a fixed period of water immersion (hereafter referred to as the "wet" SPF).

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This document specifies the general provisions and gives the basic definitions of terms relating to sampling for gas analysis, including sampling devices, sampling methods, sampling technical considerations, and sampling safety. This document applies to both direct and indirect sampling of gas in pressure receptacles and pipelines, including pure gases and gas mixtures. Compressed and liquefied gases are both considered. This document applies to the sampling of processed gases and does not involve gas treatment processes. The sampling procedures specified are not intended for the sampling of special products which are the subject of other International Standards, such as liquefied petroleum gases (see ISO 4257) and gaseous natural gases (see ISO 10715).

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This document specifies a method for the determination of static electricity elimination (antistatic) performance. This document is applicable to fabric conditioners and antistatic agents. NOTE The differences between this document and some International Standards related to static electricity on textiles are listed in Annex B.

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