Safety of toys - Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for the substances and materials used in chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets. These substances and mixtures are:
   those classified as dangerous by the EC-legislation applying to dangerous substances and dangerous mixtures [5];
   substances and mixtures which in excessive amounts could harm the health of the children using them and which are not classified as dangerous by the above mentioned legislation; and
   any other chemical substance(s) and mixture(s) delivered with the chemical toy.
NOTE   The terms “substance” and “mixture” are defined in the REACH regulation No. (EC)1907/2006 and in the CLP regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.
Additionally, requirements are specified for markings, warnings, safety rules, contents list, instructions for use and first aid information.
This Part of EN 71 applies to:
   plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets;
   ceramic and vitreous enamelling materials supplied in miniature workshop sets;
   oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets;
   plastic moulding sets;
   embedding sets;
   adhesives, paints, lacquers, varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents (solvents), supplied or recommended in model sets.

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 5: Chemisches Spielzeug (Sets) ausgenommen Experimentierkästen

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 5 : Jeux chimiques (coffrets) autres que les coffrets d’expériences chimiques

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences et les méthodes d’essai relatives aux substances et aux matériaux utilisés dans les jouets chimiques (coffrets) autres que les coffrets d’expériences. Ces substances et mélanges sont les suivants :
-   ceux classés comme dangereux par la législation européenne s’appliquant aux substances dangereuses et aux mélanges dangereux [5] ;
-   des substances et des mélanges qui, en quantités excessives, pourraient nuire à la santé des enfants les utilisant et qui ne sont pas classés comme dangereux par la législation susmentionnée ; et
-   tous les autres substance(s) et mélange(s) fournis avec le jouet chimique.
NOTE   Les termes « substance » et « mélange » sont définis dans le règlement REACH (CE) n° 1907/2006 et dans le règlement CLP (CE) n° 1272/2008.
De plus, des exigences sont spécifiées pour les marquages, les avertissements, les règles de sécurité, la liste du contenu, la notice d’emploi et les informations relatives aux premiers secours.
La présente partie de l’EN 71 s’applique aux :
-   coffrets de moulage à base de plâtre à modeler (gypse) ;
-   coffrets de pâte à modeler à base de PVC plastifié à durcir au four ;
-   coffrets de granulés de polystyrène ;
-   coffrets d’inclusion ;
-   adhésifs, peintures, laques, vernis, diluants et produits de nettoyage (solvants) fournis ou recommandés dans les boîtes de maquette.

Varnost igrač - 5. del: Kemijske igrače (kompleti), razen kompletov za kemijske poskuse

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve in preskusne metode za snovi in materiale, uporabljene v kemijskih igračah (kompletih), razen kompletov za kemijske poskuse. Te snovi in zmesi so: – tiste, ki so v zakonodaji ES navedene kot nevarne snovi in zmesi [5]; – snovi in zmesi, ki lahko v prekomernih količinah škodujejo zdravju otrok, ki jih uporabljajo, in ki jih zgoraj navedena zakonodaja ne razvršča med nevarne ter – katere koli druge kemijske snovi in zmesi, dobavljene skupaj s kemijsko igračo. OPOMBA Izraza »snov« in »zmes« sta opredeljena v uredbi REACH št. (ES)1907/2006 in v uredbi CLP (ES) št. 1272/2008. Poleg tega so določene zahteve za označevanje, opozorila, varnostne predpise, sezname vsebine, navodila za uporabo in informacije o prvi pomoči. Ta del standarda EN 71 se uporablja za: – komplete za modeliranje iz mavca Pariz (gips); – komplete z miniaturnimi delavnicami za keramiko in emajl; – komplete za modeliranje gline iz plastične mase PVC, ki se strdi v pečici; – komplete za modeliranje plastike; – komplete za vlivanje v plastično maso; – lepila, barve, lake, razredčevalce in čistilna sredstva (raztopila), priložene kompletom ali priporočene v navodilih kompleta.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
05-Jul-2015
Publication Date
01-Nov-2015
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
12-Oct-2015
Due Date
17-Dec-2015
Completion Date
02-Nov-2015

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 71-5:2015
01-december-2015
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 71-5:2013
9DUQRVWLJUDþGHO.HPLMVNHLJUDþH NRPSOHWL UD]HQNRPSOHWRY]DNHPLMVNH
SRVNXVH
Safety of toys - Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets
Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 5: Chemisches Spielzeug (Sets) ausgenommen
Experimentierkästen

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 5 : Jeux chimiques (coffrets) autres que les coffrets

d’expériences chimiques
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 71-5:2015
ICS:
97.200.50 ,JUDþH Toys
SIST EN 71-5:2015 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 71-5:2015
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SIST EN 71-5:2015
EN 71-5
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
September 2015
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.200.50 Supersedes EN 71-5:2013
English Version
Safety of toys - Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than
experimental sets

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 5 : Jouets chimiques Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 5: Chemisches Spielzeug

(coffrets) autres que les coffrets d'expériences (Sets) ausgenommen Experimentierkästen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 10 August 2015.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 71-5:2015 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 71-5:2015
EN 71-5:2015 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 9

4 Plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets ............................................................................................. 10

4.1 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 10

4.2 First aid information ................................................................................................................................... 10

4.3 Safety rules ..................................................................................................................................................... 10

5 Oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets...................................................................... 11

5.1 Chemical substances ................................................................................................................................... 11

5.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 11

5.3 First aid information ................................................................................................................................... 11

5.4 Safety rules ..................................................................................................................................................... 12

6 Moulding sets ................................................................................................................................................. 12

6.1 Polystyrene granules sets ......................................................................................................................... 12

6.1.1 Chemical substances ................................................................................................................................... 12

6.1.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 12

6.1.3 First aid information ................................................................................................................................... 12

6.1.4 Safety rules ..................................................................................................................................................... 13

6.2 Embedding sets ............................................................................................................................................. 13

6.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

6.2.2 Packaging ........................................................................................................................................................ 13

6.2.3 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 13

6.2.4 First aid information ................................................................................................................................... 13

6.2.5 Safety rules ..................................................................................................................................................... 13

7 Adhesives, paints, lacquers, varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents (solvents)

supplied or recommended in model sets ............................................................................................ 14

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

7.2 Adhesives ........................................................................................................................................................ 14

7.2.1 Water-based adhesives .............................................................................................................................. 14

7.2.2 Solvent-based adhesives............................................................................................................................ 17

7.3 Water-based paints or lacquers .............................................................................................................. 20

7.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20

7.3.2 Packaging ........................................................................................................................................................ 20

7.3.3 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 20

7.3.4 First aid information ................................................................................................................................... 21

7.3.5 Safety rules ..................................................................................................................................................... 21

7.4 Solvent-based paints, lacquers, thinners and cleaning solvents ................................................ 21

7.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21

7.4.2 Packaging ........................................................................................................................................................ 22

7.4.3 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 22

7.4.4 First aid information ................................................................................................................................... 22

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SIST EN 71-5:2015
EN 71-5:2015 (E)

7.4.5 Safety rules ...................................................................................................................................................... 23

8 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 23

8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 23

8.2 Marking of the primary packaging ......................................................................................................... 23

8.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 23

8.2.2 Manufacturer’s identification .................................................................................................................. 23

8.2.3 Warning phrases ........................................................................................................................................... 23

8.3 Marking of individual containers and any packagings ................................................................... 24

9 Instructions for use ...................................................................................................................................... 24

9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 24

9.2 Contents list .................................................................................................................................................... 24

9.3 Advice for adult supervision ..................................................................................................................... 24

9.4 Safety rules ...................................................................................................................................................... 25

9.5 Instructions for carrying out the activities ......................................................................................... 25

9.6 Spills and disposal of chemicals .............................................................................................................. 25

10 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 26

10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 26

10.2 Determination of plasticisers in oven-hardening polyvinyl chloride (PVC) modelling

clay sets ............................................................................................................................................................ 26

10.2.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 26

10.2.2 Standards and reagents .............................................................................................................................. 26

10.2.3 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 27

10.2.4 Preparation of standard solutions ......................................................................................................... 28

10.2.5 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 29

10.2.6 Sample preparation ..................................................................................................................................... 30

10.2.7 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 30

10.2.8 Evaluation of results .................................................................................................................................... 31

10.2.9 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 33

10.3 Determination of the emission of benzene, toluene and xylenes from oven-

hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets and polystyrene granules sets ..................... 33

10.3.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 33

10.3.2 Standards and reagents .............................................................................................................................. 34

10.3.3 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 34

10.3.4 Preparation of standard solutions ......................................................................................................... 36

10.3.5 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 36

10.3.6 Sample preparation ..................................................................................................................................... 36

10.3.7 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 36

10.3.8 Evaluation of results .................................................................................................................................... 36

10.3.9 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 37

10.3.10 Critical control points ......................................................................................................................... 37

10.4 Determination of styrene content in polystyrene granules .......................................................... 37

10.4.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 37

10.4.2 Standards and reagents .............................................................................................................................. 37

10.4.3 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 38

10.4.4 Preparation of the standard solutions .................................................................................................. 39

10.4.5 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 39

10.4.6 Sample preparation ..................................................................................................................................... 39

10.4.7 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 39

10.4.8 Evaluation of results .................................................................................................................................... 39

10.4.9 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 39

10.5 Determination of organic solvents ......................................................................................................... 40

10.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 40

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SIST EN 71-5:2015
EN 71-5:2015 (E)

10.5.2 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 42

10.5.3 Standards and reagents ............................................................................................................................. 43

10.5.4 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 44

10.5.5 Preparation of the standard solutions ................................................................................................. 46

10.5.6 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 53

10.5.7 Sample preparation ..................................................................................................................................... 53

10.5.8 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 55

10.5.9 Evaluation of results ................................................................................................................................... 60

10.5.10 Test report .............................................................................................................................................. 61

10.6 Combined approach for the determination of plasticisers in solvent-based adhesives

and in solvent-based paints or lacquers, film-forming agents in paints and lacquers

and modifiers in solvent-based paints or lacquers.......................................................................... 61

10.6.1 Principle .......................................................................................................................................................... 61

10.6.2 Determination of total extract ................................................................................................................. 62

10.6.3 Identification of nitrocellulose ................................................................................................................ 63

10.6.4 Determination of plasticisers .................................................................................................................. 65

10.6.5 Determination of film-forming agents ................................................................................................. 65

10.6.6 Determination of the modifiers .............................................................................................................. 71

10.6.7 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 71

Annex A (normative) Environmental, health and safety precautions for using the methods

of analysis ....................................................................................................................................................... 72

Annex B (informative) Organic solvents ........................................................................................................... 73

Annex C (informative) Validation of test methods ........................................................................................ 75

Annex D (informative) Rationale ......................................................................................................................... 76

D.1 General remark ............................................................................................................................................. 76

D.2 Primary packaging (4.1; 5.2; 6.1.2; 6.2.2; 7.2.1.2.2; 7.2.2.6; 7.3.2; 7.4.3; 8.2) ......................... 76

D.3 Minimum age (4.1; 5.2;6.1.2; 6.2.3; 7.2.1.2.3; 7.2.1.3.3; 7.2.2.6; 7.3.3; 7.4.3) ......................... 76

D.4 Benzene (5.1, Table 2; 7.2.2.4, Table 11; 7.4.1, Table 15) ............................................................. 76

D.5 Preservatives (6.2.1; 7.2.1.1; 7.3.1) ....................................................................................................... 77

Annex E (informative) Significant technical changes between this European Standard and

the previous version ................................................................................................................................... 78

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2009/48/EC........................................................................................ 79

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 80

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SIST EN 71-5:2015
EN 71-5:2015 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 71-5:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 52 “Safety of toys”,

the secretariat of which is held by DS.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2016, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2016.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes EN 71-5:2013.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive 2009/48/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of

this document.

The significant changes from the previous edition of this standard are detailed in Annex E.

This standard is Part 5 of the European Standard for safety of toys, EN 71.

This Part 5 of the EN 71 series is intended to be read in conjunction with EN 71, Part 1, Part 2 and Part

3, particularly the Introduction and Clause 1 of Part 1.
EN 71, Safety of toys, consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties;
— Part 2: Flammability;
— Part 3: Migration of certain elements;
— Part 4: Experimental sets for chemistry and related activities;
— Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets;
— Part 7: Finger paints — Requirements and test methods;
— Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use;
— Part 9: Organic chemical compounds — Requirements;
— Part 10: Organic chemical compounds — Sample preparation and extraction;
— Part 11: Organic chemical compounds — Methods of analysis;
— Part 12: N-Nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances;

— Part 13: Olfactory board games, gustative board games, cosmetic kits and gustative kits;

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SIST EN 71-5:2015
EN 71-5:2015 (E)
— Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use.

NOTE 1 In addition to the above parts of EN 71, the following guidance documents have been published: CEN

Report, CR 14379, Classification of toys — Guidelines, CEN Technical Report CEN/TR 15071, Safety of toys —

National translations of warnings and instructions for use in EN 71, and CEN Technical Report CEN/TR 15371,

Safety of toys — Replies to requests for interpretation of EN 71–1, EN 71–2, and EN 71–8.

NOTE 2 Words in italics are defined in Clause 3 (Terms and definitions).

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 71-5:2015
EN 71-5:2015 (E)
Introduction

This European Standard is intended to reduce the risks which may present health hazards to a child

when the chemical toys are used as intended or in a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the behaviour of

children.

When using these chemical toys, potential risks should be kept to a minimum by inclusion of

appropriate information to give special attention to possible hazards, risks and other problems.

Chemical Abstract Service Registry Number (CAS) and European Inventory of Existing Chemical

Substances Number (EINECS) given in various tables are provided for information purposes only.

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SIST EN 71-5:2015
EN 71-5:2015 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for the substances and materials used

in chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets. These substances and mixtures are:

— those classified as dangerous by the EU-legislation applying to dangerous substances and

dangerous mixtures [5];

— substances and mixtures which in excessive amounts could harm the health of the children using

them and which are not classified as dangerous by the above mentioned legislation; and

— any other chemical substance(s) and mixture(s) delivered with the chemical toy.

NOTE The terms “substance” and “mixture” are defined in the REACH regulation No. (EC)1907/2006 and in

the CLP regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.

Additionally, requirements are specified for markings, warnings, safety rules, contents list, instructions

for use and first aid information.
This Part of EN 71 applies to:
— plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets;
— oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets;
— polystyrene granules sets;
— embedding sets;

— adhesives, paints, lacquers, varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents (solvents), supplied or

recommended in model sets.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO 3104, Petroleum products — Transparent and opaque liquids — Determination of kinematic

viscosity and calculation of dynamic viscosity (ISO 3104)

EN ISO 3219, Plastics — Polymers/resins in the liquid state or as emulsions or dispersions —

Determination of viscosity using a rotational viscometer with defined shear rate (ISO 3219)

EN ISO 3696, Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods (ISO 3696)

EN ISO 22854, Liquid petroleum products — Determination of hydrocarbon types and oxygenates in

automotive-motor gasoline and in ethanol (E85) automotive fuel - Multidimensional gas chromatography

method (ISO 22854)
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SIST EN 71-5:2015
EN 71-5:2015 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
chemical toy

toy intended for the direct handling of chemical substances and mixtures and which is used in a manner

appropriate to a given age-group and under the supervision of an adult
[SOURCE: EN 71
...

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