Construction products - Assessment of release of dangerous substances - Analysis of inorganic substances in eluates

This European Standard specifies methods for the determination of major, minor, and trace elements (Ag, Al, As, Ba, Be, Bi, B, Cd, Ca, Cr, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, K, La, Li, Mg, Mo, Mn, Na, Nd, Ni, P, Pb, Pr, Total S, Sb, Sc, Se, Sm, Sr, Te, Tl, Th, Ti, U, V, W, Zn and Zr) and of anions (Cl-, Br-, F-, SO42-),in aqueous eluates for the quantification of release from construction products. The standard also describes how to measure general parameters like pH, electrical conductivity, DOC/TOC. <> Method detection limits are provided to enable the choice for which analysis method to use. For Hg also a cold vapour method is given.

Bauprodukte - Bewertung der Freisetzung von gefährlichen Stoffen - Analyse von anorganischen Stoffen in Eluaten

Diese Technische Spezifikation legt Analyseverfahren für die Bestimmung von Haupt , Neben  und Spurenelementen sowie von Anionen in wässrigen Eluaten von Bauprodukten fest. Sie bezieht sich auf die folgenden 67 Elemente:
Aluminium (Al), Antimon (Sb), Arsen (As), Barium (Ba), Beryllium (Be), Bismut (Bi), Blei (Pb), Bor (B), Cadmium (Cd), Calcium (Ca), Cer (Ce), Cäsium (Cs), Chrom (Cr), Cobalt (Co), Dysprosium (Dy), Eisen (Fe), Erbium (Er), Europium (Eu), Gadolinium (Gd), Gallium (Ga), Germanium (Ge), Gold (Au), Hafnium (Hf), Holmium (Ho), Indium (In), Iridium (Ir), Kalium (K), Kupfer (Cu), Lanthan (La), Lithium (Li), Lutetium (Lu), Magnesium (Mg), Mangan (Mn), Molybdän (Mo), Natrium (Na), Neodym (Nd), Nickel (Ni), Palladium (Pd), Phosphor (P), Platin (Pt), Praseodym (Pr), Quecksilber (Hg), Rhenium (Re), Rhodium (Rh), Rubidium (Rb), Ruthenium (Ru), Samarium (Sm), Scandium (Sc), Schwefel (S), Selen (Se), Silicium (Si), Silber (Ag), Strontium (Sr), Tellur (Te), Terbium (Tb), Thallium (Tl), Thorium (Th), Thulium (Tm), Titan (Ti), Uran (U), Vanadium (V), Wolfram (W), Ytterbium (Yb), Yttrium (Y), Zink (Zn), Zinn (Sn) und Zirconium (Zr) sowie auf die folgenden vier Anionen: Cl−, Br−, F− und SO42−.
Diese Technische Spezifikation legt außerdem fest, wie allgemeine Parameter, wie pH-Wert, elektrische Leitfähigkeit, DOC/TOC gemessen werden.
Die in dieser Technischen Spezifikation beschriebenen Verfahren sind für Bauprodukte geeignet.
ANMERKUNG   Bauprodukte umfassen z. B. mineralische Produkte (S), bituminöse Produkte (B), Metalle (M), Holzprodukte (W), Kunststoffe und Gummi (P), Dichtstoffe und Kleber (A), Farben und Beschichtungen (C), siehe auch CEN/TR 16045.
Die Auswahl der zu verwendenden Analyseverfahren beruht auf der erforderlichen Sensitivität des Verfahrens, die für jede Stoff-Analysenverfahren-Kombination angegeben wird.

Produits de construction - Evaluation de l’émission de substances dangereuses - Analyse des substances inorganiques dans les éluats

Gradbeni proizvodi - Ocenjevanje sproščanja nevarnih snovi - Analiza anorganskih snovi v izlužkih

Ta evropski standard določa metode za določanje glavnih in stranskih elementov ter elementov v sledovih (Ag, Al, As, Ba, Be, Bi, B, Cd, Ca, Cr, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, K, La, Li, Mg, Mo, Mn, Na, Nd, Ni, P, Pb, Pr, skupnega S, Sb, Sc, Se, Sm, Sr, Te, Tl, Th, Ti, U, V, W, Zn in Zr) ter anionov (Cl-, Br-, F-, SO42-) v vodnih izlužkih za kvantifikacijo sproščanja iz gradbenih proizvodov. Standard opisuje tudi način merjenja splošnih parametrov, kot so pH, električna prevodnost, DOC/TOC. <> Pri tej metodi so podane meje zaznavanja, ki omogočajo izbiro analize metode za uporabo. Za živo srebro je podana tudi metoda hladnih par.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
01-Feb-2018
Publication Date
09-Dec-2018
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
20-Nov-2018
Due Date
25-Jan-2019
Completion Date
10-Dec-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17195:2019
01-januar-2019
*UDGEHQLSURL]YRGL2FHQMHYDQMHVSURãþDQMDQHYDUQLKVQRYL$QDOL]DDQRUJDQVNLK
VQRYLYL]OXåNLK

Construction products - Assessment of release of dangerous substances - Analysis of

inorganic substances in eluates
Bauprodukte - Bewertung der Freisetzung von gefährlichen Stoffen - Analyse von
anorganischen Stoffen in Eluaten
Produits de construction - Evaluation de l’émission de substances dangereuses -
Analyse des substances inorganiques dans les éluats
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TS 17195:2018
ICS:
13.020.99 Drugi standardi v zvezi z Other standards related to
varstvom okolja environmental protection
91.100.01 Gradbeni materiali na Construction materials in
splošno general
SIST-TS CEN/TS 17195:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TS CEN/TS 17195:2019
CEN/TS 17195
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
July 2018
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
ICS 91.100.01
English Version
Construction products: Assessment of release of
dangerous substances - Analysis of inorganic substances in
eluates

Produits de construction - Evaluation de l'émission de Bauprodukte - Bewertung der Freisetzung von

substances dangereuses - Analyse des substances gefährlichen Stoffen - Analyse von anorganischen

inorganiques dans les éluats Stoffen in Eluaten

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 9 March 2018 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to

submit their comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS

available promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in

parallel to the CEN/TS) until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TS 17195:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 8

5 Sample pre-treatment ................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Selection of suitable analytical test method .......................................................................................... 9

6.1 Table of test methods .................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 General validation information ................................................................................................................. 9

7 Method performance .................................................................................................................................. 11

8 Expression of results ................................................................................................................................... 11

9 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 11

10 Test performance ......................................................................................................................................... 12

Annex A (informative) Validation of analytical methods for eluates of waste ................................... 13

A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

A.2 Interlaboratory study ................................................................................................................................. 13

Annex B (informative) Additional validation data for Ba, Cd, Cr, Mo, Sb and Se in eluates

using hydride generation .......................................................................................................................... 19

B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

B.2 Round robin samples .................................................................................................................................. 19

B.3 Results of the round robin test ................................................................................................................ 20

B.4 Conclusion from the round robin test .................................................................................................. 24

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 25

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European foreword

This document (CEN/TS 17195:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 351

“Construction products: Assessment of release of dangerous substances”, the secretariat of which is

held by NEN.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

A similar standard has been developed for eluates from different types of waste, see Annex A.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to announce this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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Introduction

Following an extended evaluation of available methods for content analysis in construction products

(CEN/TR 16045, [1]) it was concluded that eluate analysis methods are very similar to analytical

methods used to determine content after digestion of a solid matrix.

This document has been adopted from the work carried out in the context of CEN/TC 292 and is very

similar to EN 16192 Characterization of waste – Analysis of waste eluates [2].

This Technical Specification is part of a modular horizontal approach which was adopted in

CEN/TC 351. 'Horizontal' means that the methods can be used for a wide range of materials and

products with certain properties. 'Modular' means that a test standard developed in this approach

concerns a specific step in assessing a property and not the whole chain of measurement (from

sampling to analyses). Beneficial features of this approach are that modules can be replaced by better

ones without jeopardizing the standard chain and duplication of work of in different Technical

Committees for Products can be avoided as far as possible.

The modules that relate to the standards developed in CEN/TC 351 are specified in CEN/TR 16220 [3],

which distinguishes between the modules. This Technical Specification belongs to the analytical step.

The use of modular horizontal standards implies the drawing of test schemes as well. Before executing a

test on a certain construction product to determine certain characteristics it is necessary to draw up a

protocol in which the adequate modules are selected and together form the basis for the entire test

procedure.
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1 Scope

This Technical Specification specifies analytical methods for the determination of major, minor and

trace elements and of anions in aqueous eluates from construction products. It refers to the following

67 elements:

Aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), bismuth (Bi), boron (B),

cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), cerium (Ce), cesium (Cs), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu),

dysprosium (Dy), erbium (Er), europium (Eu), gadolinium (Gd), gallium (Ga), germanium (Ge), gold

(Au), hafnium (Hf), holmium (Ho), indium (In), iridium (Ir), iron (Fe), lanthanum (La), lead (Pb), lithium

(Li), lutetium (Lu), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), molybdenum (Mo), neodymium

(Nd), nickel (Ni), palladium (Pd), phosphorus (P), platinum (Pt), potassium (K), praseodymium (Pr),

rubidium (Rb), rhenium (Re), rhodium (Rh), ruthenium (Ru), samarium (Sm), scandium (Sc), selenium

(Se), silicon (Si), silver (Ag), sodium (Na), strontium (Sr), sulphur (S), tellurium (Te), terbium (Tb),

thallium (Tl), thorium (Th), thulium (Tm), tin (Sn), titanium (Ti), tungsten (W), uranium (U), vanadium

- -

(V), ytterbium (Yb), yttrium (Y), zinc (Zn), and zirconium (Zr) and to the following four anions: Cl , Br ,

- 2-
F , SO .

The Technical Specification also describes how to measure general parameters like pH, electrical

conductivity, DOC/TOC.

The methods in this Technical Specification are applicable to construction products.

NOTE Construction products include e.g. mineral-based products (S); bituminous products (B); metals (M);

wood-based products (W); plastics and rubbers (P); sealants and adhesives (A); paints and coatings (C), see also

CEN/TR 16045.

The selection of analytical methods to be applied is based on the required sensitivity of the method,

which is provided for all substance - analytical procedure combinations.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

CEN/TS 17197, Construction products: Assessment of release of dangerous substances — Analysis of

major, minor and trace elements in digests and eluates by Inductively Coupled Plasma — Optical Emission

Spectrometry (ICP-OES)

CEN/TS 17200, Construction products: Assessment of release of dangerous substances — Analysis of

major, minor and trace elements in digests and eluates by Inductively Coupled Plasma — Mass

Spectrometry (ICP-MS)

EN 1484, Water analysis — Guidelines for the determination of total organic carbon (TOC) and dissolved

organic carbon (DOC)
EN 27888, Water quality — Determination of electrical conductivity (ISO 7888)

EN ISO 5667-3, Water quality — Sampling — Part 3: Preservation and handling of water samples (ISO

5667-3)

EN ISO 10304-1, Water quality — Determination of dissolved anions by liquid chromatography of ions —

Part 1: Determination of bromide, chloride, fluoride, nitrate, nitrite, phosphate and sulfate (ISO 10304-1)

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EN ISO 10523, Water quality — Determination of pH (ISO 10523)

EN ISO 12846, Water quality — Determination of mercury — Method using atomic absorption

spectrometry (AAS) with and without enrichment (ISO 12846)

EN ISO 15586, Water quality — Determination of trace elements using atomic absorption spectrometry

with graphite furnace (ISO 15586)

EN ISO/IEC 17025, General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories

(ISO/IEC 17025)

EN ISO 17852, Water quality — Determination of mercury — Method using atomic fluorescence

spectrometry (ISO 17852)

ISO 10359-1, Water quality — Determination of fluoride — Part 1: Electrochemical probe method for

potable and lightly polluted water

ISO 17378-1, Water quality — Determination of arsenic and antimony — Part 1: Method using hydride

generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HG-AFS)

ISO 17378-2, Water quality — Determination of arsenic and antimony — Part 2: Method using hydride

generation atomic absorption spectrometry (HG-AAS)

ISO/TS 13530, Water quality — Guidance on analytical quality control for chemical and physicochemical

water analysis

ISO/TS 17379-1, Water quality — Determination of selenium — Part 1: Method using hydride generation

atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HG-AFS)

ISO/TS 17379-2, Water quality — Determination of selenium — Part 2: Method using hydride generation

atomic absorption spectrometry (HG-AAS)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
eluate
solution obtained from a leaching test
[SOURCE: EN 12457-1:2002 [4], 3.3, modified – “recovered” replaced by “obtained]
3.2
leachant

liquid that is brought into contact with the test portion in the leaching procedure

Note 1 to entry: Usually demineralized water is used as leachant for laboratory leaching tests.

[SOURCE: EN 16687:2015 [5]]
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3.3
leaching test

laboratory test for the determination of the release of substances from a construction product into a

leachant
3.4
sample
portion of material selected from a larger quantity of material
[SOURCE: ISO 11074:2015 [6], 4.1.16; modified – “soil deleted”, Note deleted]

Note 1 to entry: The term “sample” is often accompanied by a prefix (e.g. laboratory sample, test sample)

specifying the type of sample and/or the specific step in the sampling process to which the obtained material

relates.
[SOURCE of note: EN 16687:2015 [5], 3.2.1]
3.5
laboratory sample
sample or subsample(s) sent to or received by the laboratory

Note 1 to entry: When the laboratory sample is further prepared by subdividing, mixing, diluting, etc. or by

combinations of these operations, the result is the test sample. When no preparation of the laboratory sample is

required, the laboratory sample is the test sample. A test portion is removed from the test sample for the

performance of the test/ analysis.
[SOURCE: IUPAC 2014 [7], modified – abridged and specified]
3.6
test sample
analytical sample

sample, prepared from the laboratory sample, from which test portions are removed for testing or for

analysis
[SOURCE: IUPAC 2014 [7]]
3.7
test portion
analytical portion

amount of the test sample taken for testing/analysis, usually of known weight or volume

[SOURCE: IUPAC 2014 [7], modified – first “or volume” deleted, “testing” added]
3.8
method detection limit
MDL

smallest analyte concentration that can be detected with a specified analytical method including sample

preparation with a defined statistical probability

[SOURCE: ISO 17294-1:2004 [8], 3.12, modified – “including sample preparation” added, symbol

replaced by abbreviation]
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4 Abbreviations
For the purposes of this document, the following abbreviations apply.
CV-AAS Cold vapour atomic absorption spectrometry
CV-AFS Cold vapour atomic fluorescence spectrometry
DOC Dissolved organic carbon
GF-AAS Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry
HG-AAS Hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry
IC Ion chromatography
ICP Inductively coupled plasma
ISE Ion selective electrode
MDL Method detection limit (limit of detection)
MS Mass spectrometry
OES Optical emission spectrometry
TOC Total organic carbon
5 Sample pre-treatment

The eluate shall be analysed for the total content of the elements and anions of interest. If precipitation

occurs between the preparation of the eluate and the analysis it is necessary to ensure by appropriate

methods (e.g. redissolution, separate analysis of solution and precipitate) that the total content of the

substances of interest is determined. If the eluate results from a procedure including 0,45 µm

membrane filtration, analytical results refer to the content obtained from the leaching process.

Eluates are susceptible to be changed to different extents as a result of physical, chemical or biological

reactions which may take place between the time of leaching and the analysis. pH shall be determined

as soon as possible after preparation of the eluates and prior to sample pretreatment. In case of

collection of eluates over periods of days, the time between completing eluate collection and pH

measurement shall not exceed 18 hrs (overnight).

NOTE As noted in CEN/TS 16637-2 [9] and CEN/TS 16637-3 [10] measures can be taken to avoid eluate

deterioration by carbonation through CO uptake in alkaline eluates.

Split the eluate (the laboratory sample) into an adequate number of test samples for different chemical

analyses. Take the necessary precautions and make preservations according to the requirements in the

analytical standards (EN ISO 5667-3).

One specific test sample may be an untreated aliquot of the laboratory sample for the analysis of anions

such as chloride, bromide, fluoride and sulfate, as well as for the determination of electrical

conductivity.

For safety reasons it is recommended to acidify the test portion under a hood as volatile toxic

substances can be generated.
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6 Selection of suitable analytical test method
6.1 Table of test methods

Select the appropriate standardized test method listed in Table 1 according to the type of eluate, the

concentration range of the substances of interest, regulatory requirements, the expected interferences

and the precision needed.

For analytical quality control purposes ISO/TS 13530 and EN ISO/IEC 17025 shall be considered.

6.2 General validation information

A selection of the test methods listed in Table 1 will be validated by CEN/TC 351 in an interlaboratory

trial for a limited number of construction product matrices. Their suitability for other construction

product eluates shall be checked in the laboratory performing the analysis.

It is pointed out that the standardized test methods listed in Table 1 have primarily been developed for

the analysis of water samples. Most of them were validated by CEN/TC 292 in an interlaboratory trial

for a limited number of eluates from various matrices. The validation data on these other matrices

obtained in the evaluation of the analytical performance of laboratories are given in Annex A and B.

Those analytical methods cited in Table 1 that have not been validated in the CEN/TC 292

interlaboratory trial in 1999-2001, have the matrix waste water and/or leachates included in their

scope, and they proved to be applicable for the analysis of eluates in routine analyses.

If the methods referred to in Table 1 are found to be inappropriate by reason of, for example, detection

limits, repeatability or interferences, other methods validated for water analysis may be used. Their

suitability for construction product eluates shall be checked in the laboratory performing the analysis.

The reason for the deviation shall be stated in the test report.

The values for MDL as listed in Table 1 are indicative values in the sense that they are not to be used as

sole guideline to select between methods to be applied. An actual MDL will depend on the equipment,

matrix properties, interferences, and laboratory experience. If based on better precision for the listed

methods another MDL is chosen than the MDL that would result from applying the tabulated values, this

shall be mentioned in the test report.
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Table 1 — Parameters and test methods for eluates
Parameter Test method Method type Indicative analytical sensitivity –
method detection limit (MDL) (μg/l)
General parameters
pH 0,1 unit
EN-ISO 10523
Electrical conductivity 2,0 mS/m
EN 27888
DOC/TOC 200 (as C)
EN 1484
Anion
- - - 2- EN ISO 10304-1 IC − 2-
Cl , Br , F , SO Cl , F-, SO 100
4 4
Br- 50
- a) ISO 10359-1 ISE F- 200
Major, minor and trace elements
Ag, Al, As, B, Ba, Be, Bi, ICP-OES Be, Cd, Mn, Sc, Sr
CEN/TS 17197
Ca, Cd, Ce, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe,
Ba, Cr, Ni
Hg, K, La, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo,
Na, Nd, Ni, P, Pb, Pr,
Co, Cu, V, Zn
Total S, Sb, Sc, Se, Si, Sm,
Sn, Sr, Te, Th, Ti, Tl, U, V,
W, Zn and Zr
B, Hg, Pb, Tl, Ti
Al, Ca, Fe, La, Zr, U
Ag, Bi, K, Li, Mg, Na, P,
Total S, Sb, Si, W 20
Pr, Sm, Te
Nd, Sn
100
Th no data
Ag, Al, As, Au, Ba, Be, Bi, ICP-MS Ce, Dy, Er, Eu, Gd, Hf, Ho, In,
CEN/TS 17200
B, Cd, Ce, Ca, Cr, Co, Cs, Ir, La, Lu, Nd, Pr, Rb, Re, Rh,
Cu, Dy, Er, Eu, Fe, Ga, Gd, Ru, Sm, Tb, Th, Tl, Tm, U, Y
0,1
Ge, Hf, Hg, Ho, In, Ir, K,
Co, Pb, Sb, Yb, Zr
0,2
La, Li, Lu, Mg, Mo, Mn,
Na, Nd, Ni, P, Pb, Pd, Pr,
Cd, Ga, Ge, Mo, W 0,3
Pt, Rb, Re, Rh, Ru, Total
Au, B, Be, Bi, Pd, Pt, Sr
0,5
S, Sb, Sc, Se, Si, Sm, Sn,
Sr, Tb, Te, Th, Ti, Tl, Tm,
Ag, As, Cr, Cu, Li, Ni, Sn, Ti, V
U, V, W, Y, Yb, Zn and Zr
P, Zn
Ba, Mn
Al, Hg, Sc, Te
B, Mg, Na, Se, Si 10
Ca, Fe, K
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Parameter Test method Method type Indicative analytical sensitivity –
method detection limit (MDL) (μg/l)
Total S 1000
More sensitive methods
As, Sb HG-AFS
ISO 17378-1
As, Sb HG-AAS
ISO 17378-2
Cd GF-AAS 0,3
EN ISO 15586
Hg CV-AAS 0,01
EN ISO 12846
CV-AFS 0,002
EN ISO 17852
Sb, Se GF-AAS Sb 3
EN ISO 15586
Se 6
Se HG-AFS
ISO/TS 17379-1
Se HG-AAS
ISO/TS 17379-2
In case of interference with carbonate.
7 Method performance
A number of aspects are deemed to be relevant in this context, among others:
— blank determination;
— calibration;
— interference;
— recovery;
— precision.

Were relevant these subjects are covered in the specific method standards referenced in this standard.

8 Expression of results

Specific instructions for the calculation of the results given in the individual analytical standards shall

be strictly observed.

The results of the tests except for pH and electrical conductivity shall be expressed as a concentration of

the constituents in the eluate, expressed in µg/l or mg/l. The amount of constituent leached relative to

the total mass of the sample, in mg/kg of dry matter, can be calculated using the liquid to solid ratio of

the leaching test.
9 Test report

The work carried out by the testing laboratory shall be covered by a report which accurately, clearly

and unambiguously presents the test results and all other relevant information.
Each test report shall include at least the following information:
a) a title (e.g. “Test Report”);
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b) the name and address of the laboratory, and the location where the tests were carried out, if

different from the address of the laboratory;

c) unique identification of the test report (such as the serial number), and on each page the number of

the page and the total number of pages of the report;
d) the name and address of the customer;
e) reference to this Technical Specification and supplementary standards;

f) identification of the test specification or description of the method or procedure;

g) a description of, the condition of, and unambiguous identification of the laboratory sample;

h) the date of receipt of the laboratory sample, and the date(s) of performance of the test;

i) description of eluate sampling, treatment and storage, where relevant;

j) any deviations, additions to or exclusions from the test specification, and any other information

relevant to a specific test;

k) measurements, examinations and derived results, supported by tables, graphs, sketches and

photographs as appropriate, and any failures identified;
l) a statement on measurement uncertainty (where needed)

m) the name(s), function(s) and signature(s) or equivalent identification of person(s) accepting

technical responsibility for the test report;
n) a statement that the results relate only to the laboratory sample.
10 Test performance

When this Technical Specification was adopted by CEN, the robustness was assessed [11, 12]. At that

time there were no available data for repeatability and reproducibility.
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SIST-TS CEN/TS 17195:2019
CEN/TS 17195:2018 (E)
Annex A
(informative)
Validation of analytical methods for eluates of waste
A.1 General

During 1999 – 2001 a project for validation of EN 12506:2003, Characterization of waste — Analysis of

eluates — Determination of pH, As, Ba, Cd, Cl , Co, Cr, Cr VI, Cu, Mo, Ni, NO2-, Pb, total S, SO42-, V and Zn

[13] and EN 13370:2003, Characterization of waste - Analysis of eluates - Determination of Ammonium,

AOX, conductivity, Hg, phenol index, TOC, easily liberatable CN-, F- [14] has been carried out covering

several waste materials and a few synthetic solutions (Van der Sloot e.a. 2001 [15]). In 2011 the

validation results of both EN 12506:2003 and EN 13370:2003 have been embedded in EN 16192:2011

[2].

NOTE 1 The standards mentioned here are umbrella type standards. They refer to specific standards for the

actual test methods.

NOTE 2 Both EN 12506 [13] and EN 13370 [14] have been superseded by EN 16192 [2].

Although the work was focussed on waste, the matrices are rather comparable with several

construction products. The homogeneity and the trace composition obviously are not. This work can

therefor be used as a reference to what is achievable in terms of repeatability and reproducibility.

NOTE 3 In Annex B additional validation data are given for Ba, Cd, Cr, Mo, Sb and Se.

A.2 Interlaboratory study

In the Table A.1 below the most relevant information on methods, matrices and substances is

summarized. Tables A.2 to A.6 provide performance data for eluates from a contaminated soil (COS), a

sand blasting waste (SBW) and synthetic eluates 1, 2 and 3 (SYN1, SYN2 and SYN3).

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SIST-TS CEN/TS 17195:2019
CEN/TS 17195:2018 (E)
Table A.1 — Validated parameter/method/sample combinations
Parameter Standard Prescribed Used COS SBW SYN1 SYN2 SYN3 Validated by
conservation Conservatio ISO on waste
in standard n in trial water
As EN ISO 11885 HNO pH 2 HNO pH 2 x x
3 3
As ISO 17378-2 HCl pH 2 HNO pH 2 x
Ba EN ISO 11885 HNO pH 2 HNO pH 2 x x
3 3
Cd EN ISO 11885 HNO pH 2 HNO pH 2 x x
3 3
- EN ISO 10304- None, 4 °C None, 4 °C x x
Co EN ISO 11885 HNO pH 2 HNO pH 2 x x
3 3
Cr EN ISO 11885 HNO pH 2 HNO pH 2 x
3 3
Cu EN ISO 11885 HNO pH 2 HNO pH 2 x x x
3 3
Electrical EN 27888 None, 4 °C None, 4 °C x x x x x
conductivity
- EN ISO 10304- None, 4 °C None, 4 °C x
Hg EN ISO 12846 K Cr O pH 1 HNO pH 2 x x
2 2 7 3
Mo EN ISO 11885 HNO pH 2 HNO pH 2 x
3 3
Ni EN ISO 11885 HNO pH 2 HNO pH 2 x x
3 3
Pb EN ISO 11885 HNO pH 2 HNO pH 2 x x
3 3
pH ISO 10523 None, None, 4 °C x x x x
immediate
analysis
Total S EN ISO 11885 HNO pH 2 HNO pH 2 x x
3 3
2- EN ISO 10304- None, 4 °C None, 4 °
...

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