Electromagnetic compatibility - Requirements for household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus - Part 1: Emission

This part of CISPR 14 specifies the requirements that apply to the emission of radio-frequency
disturbances in the frequency range 9 kHz to 400 GHz from appliances, electric tools and similar
apparatus as defined below, whether powered by AC or DC (including a battery).
This document is applicable to the following equipment:
• household appliances or similar equipment;
NOTE 1 Examples are equipment used:
– for typical housekeeping functions in the household environment, which includes the dwelling and its
associated buildings, the garden, etc.;
– for typical housekeeping functions in shops, offices, commercial and other similar working environments;
– on farms;
– by clients in hotels and other residential type environments;
– for induction cooking or air-conditioning, either in residential or commercial environments.
• electric tools;
NOTE 2 Examples of electric tools include electric motor-operated or electromagnetically driven hand-held tools,
transportable tools, lawn and garden machinery.
• similar apparatus.
NOTE 3 Examples are:
– external power controllers using semiconductor devices;
– motor-driven electro-medical equipment;
– electric/electronic toys;
– personal care and beauty care appliances;
– automatic goods-dispensing machines;
– entertainment machines;
– cine or slide projectors;
– battery chargers and external power supplies for use with products under the scope of this document;
– electric fence energisers.
Also included in the scope of this document are separate parts of the above mentioned
equipment such as motors and switching devices (e.g. power or protective relays). However,
no emission requirements apply to such separate parts, unless otherwise stated in this
document.
Products which incorporate radio transmit/receive functions are included in the scope of this
document.
Equipment under the scope of this document making use of IPT is also in the scope.
SIST EN IEC 55014-1:2021
CISPR 14-1:2020 © IEC 2020 – 11 –
Excluded from the scope of this document are:
– equipment for which all emission requirements in the radio-frequency range are explicitly
formulated in other CISPR standards;
NOTE 4 Examples are:
− luminaires, including portable luminaires for children, discharge lamps and other lighting devices under the
scope of CISPR 15;
− information technology equipment, e.g. home computers, personal computers, electronic copying machines
under the scope of CISPR 32;
− audio/video equipment and electronic music instruments other than toys under the scope of CISPR 32;
− mains communication devices, as well as baby surveillance systems;
− equipment which is under the scope of CISPR 11 (e.g. microwave ovens) but be aware of 6.5 on
multifunction equipment (e.g. for another function requiring click measurements)
− radio controls, walkie-talkies and other types of radio-transmitters;
− arc welding equipment.
– equipment intended to be used only on a vehicle, ship or aircraft;
– equipment used only in industrial environment
– the effects of electromagnetic phenomena relating to the safety of the equipment.
Multifunction equipment may be required to comply with clauses in this and other standards.
The details are given in 6.5.
The emission requirements in this document are not intended to be applicable to the intentional
transmissions from a radio transmitter as defined by the ITU including their spurious emissions.

Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit - Anforderungen an Haushaltgeräte, Elektrowerkzeuge und ähnliche Elektrogeräte - Teil 1: Störaussendung

Compatibilité électromagnétique - Exigences pour les appareils électrodomestiques, outillages électriques et appareils analogues - Partie 1: Emission

Elektromagnetna združljivost - Zahteve za (električne) gospodinjske aparate, električna ročna orodja in podobne aparate - 1. del: Oddajanje

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
03-May-2021
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
06-Apr-2021
Due Date
11-Jun-2021
Completion Date
04-May-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN IEC 55014-1:2021
01-junij-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 55014-1:2017
SIST EN 55014-1:2017/A11:2020
Elektromagnetna združljivost - Zahteve za (električne) gospodinjske aparate,
električna ročna orodja in podobne aparate - 1. del: Oddajanje

Electromagnetic compatibility - Requirements for household appliances, electric tools

and similar apparatus - Part 1: Emission
Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit - Anforderungen an Haushaltgeräte,
Elektrowerkzeuge und ähnliche Elektrogeräte - Teil 1: Störaussendung

Compatibilité électromagnétique - Exigences pour les appareils électrodomestiques,

outillages électriques et appareils analogues - Partie 1: Emission
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN IEC 55014-1:2021
ICS:
33.100.10 Emisija Emission
SIST EN IEC 55014-1:2021 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 55014-1:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 55014-1:2021
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN IEC 55014-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
March 2021
ICS 33.100.10 Supersedes EN 55014-1:2017 and all of its amendments
and corrigenda (if any)
English Version
Electromagnetic compatibility - Requirements for household
appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus - Part 1:
Emission
(CISPR 14-1:2020)

Compatibilité électromagnétique - Exigences pour les Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit - Anforderungen an

appareils électrodomestiques, outillages électriques et Haushaltgeräte, Elektrowerkzeuge und ähnliche

appareils analogues - Partie 1: Emission Elektrogeräte - Teil 1: Störaussendung
(CISPR 14-1:2020) (CISPR 14-1:2020)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2020-10-12. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN IEC 55014-1:2021 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 55014-1:2021
EN IEC 55014-1:2021 (E)
European foreword

The text of document CIS/F/796/FDIS, future edition 7 of CISPR 14-1, prepared by CISPR SC F

"Interference relating to household appliances tools, lighting equipment and similar apparatus" of

CISPR "International special committee on radio interference" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC

parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN IEC 55014-1:2021.
The following dates are fixed:

• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national (dop) 2021-09-26

level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement

• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the (dow) 2023-10-12

document have to be withdrawn

This document supersedes EN 55014-1:2017 and all of its amendments and corrigenda (if any).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CENELEC by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard CISPR 14-1:2020 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards

indicated:
CISPR 11 NOTE Harmonized as EN 55011
CISPR 12 NOTE Harmonized as EN 55012
CISPR 15:2018 NOTE Harmonized as EN IEC 55015:2019 (not modified)
IEC 60335-2-3:2012 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60335-2-3:2016 (modified)

IEC 60335-2-3:2012/A1:2015 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60335-2-3:2016/A1:2020 (not modified)

IEC 61140 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61140
IEC 61558-2-7 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61558-2-7
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SIST EN IEC 55014-1:2021
EN IEC 55014-1:2021 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments)

applies.

NOTE 1 Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod),

the relevant EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available

here: www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
CISPR 16-1-1 2015 Specification for radio disturbance and - -
immunity measuring apparatus and methods
- Part 1-1: Radio disturbance and immunity
measuring apparatus - Measuring apparatus
CISPR 16-1-2 2014 Specification for radio disturbance and EN 55016-1-2 2014
immunity measuring apparatus and methods
- Part 1-2: Radio disturbance and immunity
measuring apparatus - Coupling devices for
conducted disturbance measurements
+ A1 2017 + A1 2018
CISPR 16-1-3 2004 Specification for radio disturbance and EN 55016-1-3 2006
immunity measuring apparatus and methods
- Part 1-3: Radio disturbance and immunity
measuring apparatus - Ancillary equipment -
Disturbance power
+ A1 2016 + A1 2016
+ A2 2020 + A2 2020
CISPR 16-1-4 2019 Specification for radio disturbance and EN IEC 55016-1-4 2019
immunity measuring apparatus and methods
- Part 1-4: Radio disturbance and immunity
measuring apparatus - Antennas and test
sites for radiated disturbance measurements

4th edition (2015). This 4th edition has been replaced in 2019 by a 5th Edition CISPR 16-1-1:2019, Specification

for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 1-1: Radio disturbance and immunity

measuring apparatus – Measuring apparatus.
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SIST EN IEC 55014-1:2021
EN IEC 55014-1:2021 (E)
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
CISPR 16-2-1 2014 Specification for radio disturbance and EN 55016-2-1 2014
immunity measuring apparatus and methods
- Part 2-1: Methods of measurement of
disturbances and immunity - Conducted
disturbance measurements
+ A1 2017 + A1 2017
CISPR 16-2-2 2010 Specification for radio disturbance and EN 55016-2-2 2011
immunity measuring apparatus and methods
- Part 2-2: Methods of measurement of
disturbances and immunity - Measurement
of disturbance power
CISPR 16-2-3 2016 Specification for radio disturbance and EN 55016-2-3 2017
immunity measuring apparatus and methods
- Part 2-3: Methods of measurement of
disturbances and immunity - Radiated
disturbance measurements
+ A1 2019 + A1 2019
CISPR 16-4-2 2011 Specification for radio disturbance and EN 55016-4-2 2011
immunity measuring apparatus and methods
- Part 4-2: Uncertainties, statistics and limit
modelling - Measurement instrumentation
uncertainty
+ A1 2014 + A1 2014
+ A2 2018 + A2 2018
CISPR 32 2015 Electromagnetic compatibility of multimedia EN 55032 2015
equipment - Emission requirements
IEC 60050-161 1990 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary. - -
Chapter 161: Electromagnetic compatibility
+ A1 1997 - -
+ A2 1998 - -
+ A3 2014 - -
+ A4 2014 - -
+ A5 2015 - -
+ A6 1990 - -
+ A7 2017 - -
+ A8 2018 - -
+ A9 2019 - -

IEC 61000-4-20 2010 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part EN 61000-4-20 2010

4-20: Testing and measurement techniques -
Emission and immunity testing in transverse
electromagnetic (TEM) waveguides

IEC 61000-4-22 2010 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part EN 61000-4-22 2011

4-22: Testing and measurement techniques -
Radiated emissions and immunity
measurements in fully anechoic rooms
(FARs)
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SIST EN IEC 55014-1:2021
CISPR 14-1
Edition 7.0 2020-09
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
colour
inside
INTERNATIONAL SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON RADIO INTERFERENCE
Electromagnetic compatibility – Requirements for household appliances, electric
tools and similar apparatus –
Part 1: Emission
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 33.100.10 ISBN 978-2-8322-8744-6

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN IEC 55014-1:2021
– 2 – CISPR 14-1:2020 © IEC 2020
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 8

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................ 10

2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 11

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ...................................................................... 12

3.1 General ................................................................................................................. 12

3.2 General terms and definitions ............................................................................... 13

3.3 Terms and definitions related to click analysis ...................................................... 14

3.4 Terms and definitions related to types of ports ...................................................... 15

3.5 Terms and definitions related to parts and devices connected to the EUT ............. 16

3.6 Terms and definitions related to operating conditions ............................................ 17

3.7 Terms and definitions related to toys .................................................................... 18

3.8 Terms and definitions related to IPT...................................................................... 19

3.9 Other terms and definitions ................................................................................... 20

3.10 Abbreviated terms ................................................................................................. 21

4 Limits of disturbances .................................................................................................... 22

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 22

4.2 Application of limits ............................................................................................... 22

4.3 Continuous disturbances ....................................................................................... 23

4.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 23

4.3.2 Frequency range 9 kHz to 30 MHz ................................................................. 23

4.3.3 Frequency range 150 kHz to 30 MHz ............................................................. 25

4.3.4 Frequency range 30 MHz to 1 000 MHz ......................................................... 27

4.3.5 Frequency range 1 GHz to 6 GHz .................................................................. 29

4.4 Discontinuous disturbances .................................................................................. 30

4.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 30

4.4.2 Limits ............................................................................................................ 30

5 Test equipment and methods of measurement ............................................................... 31

5.1 Test equipment ..................................................................................................... 31

5.1.1 General ......................................................................................................... 31

5.1.2 Measuring receivers ...................................................................................... 31

5.1.3 Artificial Mains Network (AMN) ...................................................................... 31

5.1.4 Voltage probe ................................................................................................ 31

5.1.5 Current probe ................................................................................................ 32

5.1.6 Artificial hand ................................................................................................ 32

5.1.7 Click analyser for discontinuous disturbance ................................................. 32

5.1.8 Absorbing clamp ............................................................................................ 32

5.1.9 Radiated emission test sites .......................................................................... 32

5.2 Conducted disturbances set-up and measurements .............................................. 32

5.2.1 Arrangement of the EUT ................................................................................ 32

5.2.2 Arrangement of the leads at the ports of the EUT .......................................... 34

5.2.3 Arrangement of auxiliary equipment ............................................................... 35

5.3 Radiated disturbances set-up and measurements ................................................. 37

5.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 37

5.3.2 Magnetic field strength – 9 kHz to 30 MHz ..................................................... 37

5.3.3 Disturbance power – 30 MHz to 300 MHz ...................................................... 37

5.3.4 Radiated emission – 30 MHz to 1 000 MHz and 1 GHz to 6 GHz ................... 39

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SIST EN IEC 55014-1:2021
CISPR 14-1:2020 © IEC 2020 – 3 –

5.4 Measurement procedures and interpretation of results .......................................... 40

5.4.1 Continuous disturbance ................................................................................. 40

5.4.2 Discontinuous disturbance ............................................................................. 41

5.4.3 Exceptions ..................................................................................................... 43

6 Operating conditions ...................................................................................................... 45

6.1 General ................................................................................................................. 45

6.2 Mains operation .................................................................................................... 46

6.2.1 Voltage at the AC mains port ......................................................................... 46

6.2.2 Frequency at the AC mains port ..................................................................... 46

6.3 DC operation ........................................................................................................ 46

6.3.1 Battery operation ........................................................................................... 46

6.3.2 Operation from a DC supply other than a battery ........................................... 46

6.4 Speed controls ...................................................................................................... 47

6.5 Multifunction equipment ........................................................................................ 47

6.6 Equipment with built-in luminaires ......................................................................... 47

6.7 Equipment incorporating IPT functions .................................................................. 48

7 Compliance with this document ..................................................................................... 48

8 Measurement uncertainty .............................................................................................. 48

9 Test report ..................................................................................................................... 48

Annex A (normative) Standard operating conditions and normal loads for specific

equipment ............................................................................................................................. 68

A.1 Motor operated equipment for household and similar purposes ............................. 68

A.1.1 Vacuum cleaners ........................................................................................... 68

A.1.2 Floor polishers ............................................................................................... 69

A.1.3 Coffee grinders and coffee makers ................................................................ 69

A.1.4 Kitchen machines .......................................................................................... 69

A.1.5 Personal care appliances with a motor ........................................................... 69

A.1.6 Fans .............................................................................................................. 70

A.1.7 Extractors and range hoods ........................................................................... 70

A.1.8 Hair-dryers, fan heaters ................................................................................. 70

A.1.9 Refrigerators and freezers ............................................................................. 70

A.1.10 Washing machines......................................................................................... 70

A.1.11 Dishwashers .................................................................................................. 71

A.1.12 Tumble dryers ............................................................................................... 71

A.1.13 Centrifugal dryers .......................................................................................... 71

A.1.14 Razors and clippers ....................................................................................... 71

A.1.15 Sewing machines ........................................................................................... 71

A.1.16 Electro-mechanical office machines ............................................................... 71

A.1.17 Projectors ...................................................................................................... 72

A.1.18 Milking machines ........................................................................................... 72

A.1.19 Lawn mowers ................................................................................................ 72

A.1.20 Air conditioning equipment............................................................................. 72

A.2 Electric tools ......................................................................................................... 74

A.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 74

A.2.2 Handheld (portable) motor-operated tools ...................................................... 74

A.2.3 Transportable (semi-stationary) motor-operated tools .................................... 74

A.2.4 Soldering equipment, soldering guns, soldering irons and similar .................. 74

A.2.5 Glue guns ...................................................................................................... 75

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SIST EN IEC 55014-1:2021
– 4 – CISPR 14-1:2020 © IEC 2020

A.2.6 Heat guns ...................................................................................................... 75

A.2.7 Power staplers ............................................................................................... 75

A.2.8 Spray guns .................................................................................................... 75

A.2.9 Internal vibrators ........................................................................................... 75

A.3 Motor-operated electro-medical apparatus ............................................................ 75

A.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 75

A.3.2 Dental drills ................................................................................................... 75

A.3.3 Saws and knives ............................................................................................ 75

A.3.4 Electrocardiograms and similar recorders ...................................................... 75

A.3.5 Pumps ........................................................................................................... 76

A.4 Electrical heating equipment ................................................................................. 76

A.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 76

A.4.2 Hobs and hotplates ........................................................................................ 76

A.4.3 Cooking pans, table-type roasters, deep-fat fryers ......................................... 76

A.4.4 Feed boilers, water boilers, kettles and similar boilers ................................... 76

A.4.5 Instantaneous water heaters .......................................................................... 76

A.4.6 Storage heaters ............................................................................................. 76

A.4.7 Warming plates, boiling tables, heating drawers, heating cabinets ................. 77

A.4.8 Cooking ovens, grills, waffle irons, waffle grills .............................................. 77

A.4.9 Toasters ........................................................................................................ 77

A.4.10 Ironing machines ........................................................................................... 77

A.4.11 Clothes irons ................................................................................................. 78

A.4.12 Vacuum packagers ........................................................................................ 78

A.4.13 Flexible electrical heating equipment ............................................................. 78

A.4.14 Air convection room heaters .......................................................................... 78

A.4.15 Rice cookers .................................................................................................. 79

A.5 Thermostats .......................................................................................................... 79

A.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 79

A.5.2 Thermostatically controlled three-phase switches .......................................... 80

A.5.3 Thermostats – Alternative procedure to that specified in A.5.1 ....................... 80

A.6 Automatic goods-dispensing machines, entertainment machines and similar

equipment ............................................................................................................. 81

A.6.1 General ......................................................................................................... 81

A.6.2 Automatic dispensing machines ..................................................................... 81

A.6.3 Juke boxes .................................................................................................... 81

A.6.4 Automatic entertainment machines incorporating a winnings-payout

mechanism .................................................................................................... 81

A.6.5 Automatic entertainment machines with no winnings-payout mechanism ....... 82

A.7 Electric and electronic toys ................................................................................... 82

A.7.1 General ......................................................................................................... 82

A.7.2 Operating conditions ...................................................................................... 82

A.8 Miscellaneous equipment ...................................................................................... 83

A.8.1 Time switches not incorporated in equipment................................................. 83

A.8.2 Electric fence energizers ............................................................................... 84

A.8.3 Electronic gas igniters ................................................................................... 84

A.8.4 Insect killers .................................................................................................. 85

A.8.5 Personal care appliances without a motor ...................................................... 85

A.8.6 Air cleaners ................................................................................................... 85

A.8.7 Steam generators and humidifiers ................................................................. 85

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SIST EN IEC 55014-1:2021
CISPR 14-1:2020 © IEC 2020 – 5 –

A.8.8 Battery chargers other than IPT chargers ...................................................... 86

A.8.9 External Power Supplies (EPS) ...................................................................... 86

A.8.10 Lifting devices (electric hoists) ....................................................................... 86

A.8.11 Robotic equipment ......................................................................................... 87

A.8.12 Other robotic equipment ................................................................................ 89

A.8.13 Clocks ........................................................................................................... 89

A.9 Induction cooking appliances ................................................................................ 89

A.9.1 General ......................................................................................................... 89

A.9.2 Operating conditions for EUT with fixed cooking zone(s)................................ 89

A.9.3 Operating conditions for EUT with many small coils ....................................... 90

A.10 Equipment making use of IPT other than induction cooking appliances ................. 90

A.10.1 General ......................................................................................................... 90

A.10.2 IPTS .............................................................................................................. 90

A.10.3 IPTC .............................................................................................................. 91

A.10.4 IPTE .............................................................................................................. 91

A.11 Operating conditions for particular equipment and integrated parts ....................... 92

A.11.1 Integrated starting switches, speed controls, etc. ........................................... 92

A.11.2 Regulating controls and external power controller .......................................... 92

A.11.3 Equipment operated from External Power Supplies (EPS) ............................. 93

A.11.4 Remote controls and timers ........................................................................... 93

Annex B (normative) Click rate of special equipment.......................................................... 101

Annex C (informative) Background information on the measurement of discontinuous

disturbances/clicks ............................................................................................................. 102

C.1 General ............................................................................................................... 102

C.2 Additional recommendations for the use of an oscilloscope ................................. 102

C.3 Additional recommendations for the application of exceptions ............................. 103

C.4 Example for the use of the upper quartile met
...

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