Household electrical appliances - Performance - Hard water for testing

Describes the preparation of three types of water of differend hardness for testing the performance of household appliances (e.g. washing machines, dishwashers, dryers, steam irons, etc). It defines the characteristics of these waters and gives various methods for obtaining them.

Elektrische Geräte für den Hausgebrauch - Gebrauchseigenschaften - Hartes Wasser für Prüfungen

Appareils électrodomestiques - Aptitude à la fonction - Eau dure pour les essais

En anglais seulement.

Household electrical appliances - Performance - Hard water for testing

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9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
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EN 60734:2003
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junij 2003
Household electrical appliances - Performance - Hard water for testing
ICS 13.060.99; 97.030 Referenčna številka
SIST EN 60734:2003(en)
©  Standard je založil in izdal Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje ali kopiranje celote ali delov tega dokumenta ni dovoljeno

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ICS 97.030 Supersedes EN 60734:1993

English version

Household electrical appliances –
Performance –
Hard water for testing
(IEC 60734:2001)

Appareils électrodomestiques –  Elektrische Geräte für den Hausgebrauch -
Aptitude à la fonction – Gebrauchseigenschaften –
Eau dure pour les essais Hartes Wasser für Prüfungen
(CEI 60734:2001) (IEC 60734:2001)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2002-12-01. CENELEC members are bound to
comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on
application to the Central Secretariat or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other
language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and
notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta,
Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung

Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 35, B - 1050 Brussels

© 2003 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 60734:2003 E

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EN 60734:2003 - 2 -

The text of the International Standard IEC 60734:2001, prepared by SC 59D, Home laundry
appliances, of IEC TC 59, Performance of household electrical appliances, was submitted to the
CENELEC Unique Acceptance Procedure and was approved by CENELEC as EN 60734
on 2002-12-01 without any modification.

This European Standard supersedes EN 60734:1993.

The following dates were fixed:

- latest date by which the EN has to be implemented
 at national level by publication of an identical
 national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2003-12-01

- latest date by which the national standards conflicting
 with the EN have to be withdrawn (dow) 2005-12-01

Annexes designated "normative" are part of the body of the standard.
Annexes designated "informative" are given for information only.
In this standard, Annex B is normative and Annexes A and C are informative.
Endorsement notice
The text of the International Standard IEC 60734:2001 was approved by CENELEC as a European
Standard without any modification.

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Third edition
Household electrical appliances –
Performance –
Hard water for testing
Appareils électrodomestiques –
Aptitude à la fonction –
Eau dure pour les essais
 IEC 2001  Copyright - all rights reserved
No part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or
mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from the publisher.
International Electrotechnical Commission 3, rue de Varembé Geneva, Switzerland
Telefax: +41 22 919 0300 e-mail: IEC web site
Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
International Electrotechnical Commission
For price, see current catalogue

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– 2 – 60734  IEC:2001(E)
1 Scope.6
2 Normative references .6
3 Definitions .6
4 General .7
5 Composition and preparation of artificial hard waters.7
6 Storage of standardised hard water .11
7 Checking .11
Annex A (informative) Water hardness – Conversion table.12
Annex B (normative) Amounts of salts to be used for rehardening demineralised water .13
Annex C (informative) Amounts of waters to be mixed at various degrees of hardness
of the natural water according to methods C1 and C2 .14

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60734  IEC:2001(E) – 3 –
1) The IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising
all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of the IEC is to promote
international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To
this end and in addition to other activities, the IEC publishes International Standards. Their preparation is
entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested in the subject dealt with may
participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-governmental organizations liaising
with the IEC also participate in this preparation. The IEC collaborates closely with the International
Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the
two organizations.
2) The formal decisions or agreements of the IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an
international consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation
from all interested National Committees.
3) The documents produced have the form of recommendations for international use and are published in the form
of standards, technical specifications, technical reports or guides and they are accepted by the National
Committees in that sense.
4) In order to promote international unification, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC International
Standards transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional standards. Any
divergence between the IEC Standard and the corresponding national or regional standard shall be clearly
indicated in the latter.
5) The IEC provides no marking procedure to indicate its approval and cannot be rendered responsible for any
equipment declared to be in conformity with one of its standards.
6) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this International Standard may be the subject
of patent rights. The IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
International standard IEC 60734 has been prepared by subcommittee 59D: Home laundry
appliances, of IEC Technical Committee 59: Performance of household electrical appliances.
This third edition of IEC 60734 replaces the second edition published in 1993.
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
59D/201/FDIS 59D/210/RVD
Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on
voting indicated in the above table.
This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 3.
Annex B forms an integral part of this standard.
Annexes A and C are for information only.
Words in bold in the text are defined in clause 3.

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– 4 – 60734  IEC:2001(E)
The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until
2006. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed;
• withdrawn;
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
A bilingual version of this standard may be issued at a later date.

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60734  IEC:2001(E) – 5 –
This publication describes several methods to prepare water of standardised hardness to be
used for testing household appliances in cases where the water quality is important for the
reproducibility of the test results.
It is based on the second edition of IEC 60734, which describes two methods, A and B, of
preparing water of three different water hardnesses. Experiences from application of the
methods have shown that they are unnecessarily rigid for some purposes and thus expensive
or not suited for the preparation of large quantities of water. Furthermore the hardness given
is not in line with those stated in some performance standards. Complementary methods C1
and C2 have been developed to be used in such cases. These allow the use of natural
instead of demineralised water.
Method A is used to prepare hard water of the correct total hardness. Preparation starts with
demineralised water in which hardening salts are dissolved by bubbling carbon dioxide though
the mixture.
Method B involves preparation in a similar way but with other salts, which are soluble without
addition of carbon dioxide. This method will result in excessive amounts of some ions
compared to method A. Both methods give water with specified temporary as well as
permanent hardness.
Method C1 starts with natural water with higher hardness than required, while method C2
starts with soft natural water, which is hardened. Depending on the composition of the natural
water, several other ions might be present. Restrictions regarding the amounts are given for
some ions, which may influence the cleaning results when testing washing machines and
dishwashers. No specification regarding temporary and permanent hardness is given.

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– 6 – 60734  IEC:2001(E)
1 Scope
This International Standard describes the preparation of three types of water of different
hardness intended to be used for testing the performance of household appliances such as
washing machines, dishwashers, dryers, steam irons etc.
It defines the characteristics of these waters and establishes various methods to be used for
obtaining them.
2 Normative references
The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text,
constitute provisions of this International Standard. For dated references, subsequent
amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications do not apply. However, parties to
agreements based on this International Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility
of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For undated
references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of IEC
and ISO maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.
ISO 6059:1984, Water quality – Determination of the sum of calcium and magnesium – EDTA
titrimetric method
3 Definitions
For the purposes of this International Standard, the following definitions apply.
water hardness
measurement, in degrees, indicating the quantity of alkaline earth salts (bicarbonates,
sulphates, chlorides etc.) present in the water
total hardness
the sum of calcium and magnesium ions in the water
temporary hardness
the fraction of the total hardness equivalent to the bicarbonate content
permanent hardness
the difference between the total and the temporary hardness

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60734  IEC:2001(E) – 7 –
4 General
4.1 Principle
Hard water may be prepared

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