This document provides guidance for assessing the efficiency and related metrics of fish passage solutions using telemetry methods that allow fish approaching an impediment to be monitored.
It provides recommendations and requirements for equipment, study design, data analysis and reporting. A selected literature with references in support of this standard is given in the Bibliography section.

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This European Standard defines standard principles for the design of taxonomic keys to ensure proper use of nomenclatural rules and reproducible and traceable identification. These principles also allow for the selection of the best key available.

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This International Standard describes the preparation of four types of water of different hardness, conductivity and alkalinity, intended to be used for testing the performance of household appliances such as washing machines, dishwashers, tumble dryers, steam irons etc. It defines the characteristics of these waters and establishes various methods to be used for obtaining them. It also includes specifications for required measurements.

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This Technical Report (TR) describes a methodology to firstly identify the specific nature of oils spilled in marine, estuarine and aquatic environments and secondly compare the chemical composition of spilled oil or oily samples with that of suspected sources. Specifically, the TR describes the detailed analytical methods and data processing specifications for identifying the specific nature of waterborne oil spills and establishing their correlation to suspected sources. Even when samples or data from suspected sources are not available for comparison, establishing the specific nature (e.g., refined petroleum, crude oil, waste oil, etc.) of the spilled oil may still help constrain the possible source(s) of the spilled oil. This methodology is restricted to petroleum and petroleum products containing a significant proportion of hydrocarbon-components with a boiling point above 200°C. Examples are: crude oils, higher boiling condensates, diesel oils, residual bunker or heavy fuel oils, lubricants, and mixtures of bilge and sludge samples. While the specific analytical methods may not be appropriate for lower boiling oils (e.g. kerosenes, jet fuels, or gasoline), the general concepts described in this methodology, i.e., statistical comparison of weathering-resistant diagnostic ratios, may have applicability in spills involving lower boiling oils. This method is not directly intended for oil spills impacting groundwater, vegetation, wildlife/tissues, soils, or sediments, and although its application in these matrices is not precluded, it requires caution. The reason for caution is that the extractable compounds in these matrices may alter and/or contribute additional compounds compared to the source sample, which if left unrecognised, can lead to “false non-matches”. Including these “non-oil” matrices in this oil spill identification method may require additional sample preparation (e.g. cleanup) in the laboratory prior to analysis and consideration of the extent to which the matrix may affect the correlation achieved. Evaluating the possible effects in these matrices is beyond the scope of this guideline. Whether the method can be used for this kind of “non-oil” matrices may depend on the oil concentration compared to the “matrix concentration” of the samples. In “non-oil” matrices containing a relative high concentration of oil, a positive match can still be concluded. In “non-oil” matrices containing a relative low concentration of spilled oil, a non-match or an inconclusive match could be achieved due to matrix effects.

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This document provides guidance on taking and handling samples that are collected as part of an investigation into the likely source of a crude oil or petroleum product spill into a marine or aquatic environment. Guidance is given on taking samples from both the spill and its potential source.
If samples are to be used in connection with legal proceedings, this document should be read in conjunction with any documents issued by the regulatory authorities in the country and location where the spill has occurred.
Taking samples may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This document is not intended to address all the safety and health aspects associated with the guidance given. It is the responsibility of the user to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.  
For the sake of clarity the word ‘oil’ is used throughout this document to mean either crude oil, a petroleum product or mixtures of such.

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This document specifies standardized methods for assessing the efficiency and related metrics of fish passage solutions using telemetry techniques that allow individual fish approaching an impediment to be monitored.
It covers studies using fish that have been electronically tagged with acoustic, passive integrated transponder or radio tags in order to provide a variety of defined passage efficiency metrics and includes both upstream and downstream passage of fish.
It provides recommendations and requirements for equipment, study design, data analysis and reporting. Selected literature with references in support of this document is given in the Bibliography.

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This standard deals with installations for the separation of light liquids (e.g. oil and petrol), i.e. those with a density up to 0.95 g/cm3 from waste water by means of gravity and/or coalescence. The standard is not primarily intended to apply to installations that are required to treat large quantities of trade effluent (e.g., oil refinery effluent). The standard may, however, still be appropriate for this purpose depending on local requirements.

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This standard deals with installations for the separation of light liquids (e.g. oil and petrol), i.e. those with a density up to 0.95 g/cm3 from waste water by means of gravity and/or coalescence. The standard is not primarily intended to apply to installations that are required to treat large quantities of trade effluent (e.g., oil refinery effluent). The standard may, however, still be appropriate for this purpose depending on local requirements.

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This standard specifies definitions, nominal sizes, principles of design, performance requirements, marking, testing and quality control for grease separators.
This standard applies to separators for the separation of greases and oils of vegetable and animal origin from wastewater by means of gravity and without any external energy.
This standard does not cover grease separators intended to treat domestic wastewater from kitchen areas of single family dwellings, where the separator has a nominal size less than 1.
The standard is not applicable for the separation of light liquids, e.g. petrol, fuel and heating oil, and does not cover the treatment of wastewater exclusively containing stable emulsions of greases and oils.
The standard does not cover the use of biological means (bacteria and enzymes).

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This standard specifies definitions, nominal sizes, principles of design, performance requirements, marking, testing and quality control for grease separators.
This standard applies to separators for the separation of greases and oils of vegetable and animal origin from wastewater by means of gravity and without any external energy.
This standard does not cover grease separators intended to treat domestic wastewater from kitchen areas of single family dwellings, where the separator has a nominal size less than 1.
The standard is not applicable for the separation of light liquids, e.g. petrol, fuel and heating oil, and does not cover the treatment of wastewater exclusively containing stable emulsions of greases and oils.
The standard does not cover the use of biological means (bacteria and enzymes).

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This standard specifies definitions, principles of sizing, installation, operation and maintenance of separator systems for light liquids in accordance with prEN 858-1:1997 as well as requirements and test methods for cleansing agents discharged with the waste water into the separator system. When pollution control requires the treatment of pollutants other than light liquids, additional measures shall be necessary.

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Supersedes EN 60734:1993

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This standard specifies definitions, principles of sizing, installation, operation and maintenance of separator systems for light liquids in accordance with prEN 858-1:1997 as well as requirements and test methods for cleansing agents discharged with the waste water into the separator system. When pollution control requires the treatment of pollutants other than light liquids, additional measures shall be necessary.

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This standard deals with installations for the separation of light liquides (e.g. oil and petrol), i.e. those with a density up to 0.95 g/cm3 from waste water by means of gravity and/or coalescence. The standard is not primarily intended to apply to installations that are required to treat large quantities of trade effluent (e.g., oil refinery effluent). The standard may, however, still be appropriate for this purpose depending on local requirements.

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This standard deals with installations for the separation of light liquides (e.g. oil and petrol), i.e. those with a density up to 0.95 g/cm3 from waste water by means of gravity and/or coalescence. The standard is not primarily intended to apply to installations that are required to treat large quantities of trade effluent (e.g., oil refinery effluent). The standard may, however, still be appropriate for this purpose depending on local requirements.

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EN 15522-1 provides guidance on taking and handling samples, that are collected as part of an investigation into the likely source of a crude oil or petroleum product spill into a marine or aquatic environment. Guidance is given on taking samples from both the spill and its potential source.
Mostly, oil sampling is part of legal procedures and has to be treated like any other preservation of evidence (legal sampling). If samples are to be used in connection with legal proceedings, this document should be read in conjunction with any documents issued by the regulatory authorities in the country or countries in question where the spill has occurred.
Taking samples may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment.
This document is not intended to address all the safety and health aspects associated with the guidance given. It is the responsibility of the user to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note: Most countries have special trained teams to take samples on board of ships. As police officer or law enforcer don’t take unnecessary risks and ask assistance from such a team when available.
For the sake of clarity, the word ‘oil’ is used throughout this document. It can equally refer to crude oil, a petroleum product or mixtures of such.

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to revise it into a full test method and to bring the precision statement in line with the actual day-to-day precision, using the actual PT schemes

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This Technical Report (TR) describes a methodology to identify waterborne oils spilled in marine, estuarine and aquatic environments by comparing samples from spills with those of suspected sources . It provides detailed analytical and processing specifications for identifying waterborne oil spills and their correlation to suspected sources. When suspected sources are not available, the methodology may be used to characterise the spill as far as possible with respect to the oil type.
This methodology is restricted to petroleum and petroleum products containing a significant proportion of
HC-components with a boiling point above 200 °C. Examples are: Crude oils, condensates, light fuel oils, diesel oils, residual bunker oils, lubricants, and mixtures of bilge and sludge samples. Still, the general concepts described in this methodology have a limited applicability for some kerosenes and some condensates, but may not be applicable for gasoline
NOTE   This method is not intended for oil spills to groundwater and soil. The chromatograms of oil extracted from soil and found in ground water may contain reduced and/or additional peaks compared to the source sample. Including such samples in this method makes it necessary to add extraction methods and to describe which compounds are possibly reduced and/or which additional peaks can be expected to change the final conclusion from a probable match into a match. This is beyond the scope of this guideline, however,  when case samples completely match according to this method, the method is valid for those samples.

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EN following parallel vote * Superseded by EN 60734:2003

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