Machine tools - Safety - Machining centres

1.1 This standard specifies the technical safety requirements and protective measures to be adopted by persons undertaking the design, construction and supply (including installation and dismantling, with arrangements for transport and maintenance) of machining centres (see 3.1).
1.2 This standard takes account of intended use including reasonably foreseeable misuse, maintenance, cleaning, and setting operations. It presumes access to the machine from all directions. It describes means to reduce risks to operators and other exposed persons.
1.3 This standard also applies to the workpiece transfer devices when they form an integral part of the machine.
1.4 This standard deals with significant hazards relevant to machining centres when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see clause 4).
1.5 Hazards arising from other metal working processes (e.g. grinding, turning, forming, EDM, laser processing) are covered by other standards (see Bibliography).
1.6 This standard applies to machines which are manufactured after (its date of publication).

Sicherheit von Werkzeugmaschinen - Bearbeitungszentren

1.1 Diese Norm legt die technischen Sicherheirsanfoderungen und Schutzmaßnahmen fest, die von Personen zu beachten sind, die mit der Konstruktion, dem Bau und der Lieferung (einschließlich Installation und Demontage, mit Vorkehrungen für Transport und instandhaltung) von Bearbeitungszentren befasst sind ( siehe 3.1)
1.2 Diese Norm berücksichtigt die bestimmungsgemäße Verwendung einschließlich des vernünftigerweise vorhersehbaren Missbrauchs, der Instandhaltung, der Reinigung und der Einrichtvorgänge. Sie sezt den Zugang zur Maschine von allen Seiten voraus. Sie beschreibt Mittel zur Risikominderung sowohl für Bediener als auch für andere gefährdete Personen.
1.3 Diese Norm gilt auch für Werkstück-Transporteinrichtungen, wenn diese einen integralen Bestandteil der Maschine bilden.
1.4 Diese Norm behandelt signifikante Gefährdungen an Bearbeitungszentren bei bestimmungsgemäßer Verwendung und unter Bedingungen, die für den Hersteller vorhersehbar sind (siehe Abschnitt 4).
1.5 Gefährdungen, die aus anderen Bearbeitungsverfahren herrühren (z.B. Schleifen, Drehen? Umformen? Elektroerodieren (EDM), laser-Bearbeitung), werden durch andere Normen abgedeckt (siehe Literaturhinweise).
1.6 Diese Norm gilt für Maschinen, die nach dem Ausgabedatum dieser Norm hergestellt wurden.

Machines-outils - Sécurité - Centres d'usinage

Domaine d'application
1.1   La présente norme précise les spécifications techniques de sécurité et les mesures qui doivent etre prises par les personnes réalisant la conception, la construction et la fourniture (y compris l'installation et démantelement ainsi que le transport et l'entretien) de centres d'usinage (voir 3.1).
1.2   La présente norme tient compte de l'usage prévu y compris du mauvais usage raisonnablement prévisible, des opérations d'entretien, de nettoyage et de réglage. Elle présume de l'acces a la machine dans toutes les directions. Elle décrit les moyens permettant de réduire les risques auxquels les opérateurs et aux autres personnes sont exposées.
1.3   La présente norme s'applique aussi aux dispositifs de changement de piece lorsqu'ils font partie intégrante de la machine.
1.4   La présente norme traite des phénomenes dangereux significatifs présentés par les centres d'usinage lorsqu'ils sont utilisés comme prévu et dans les conditions définies par le constructeur (voir article 4).
1.5   Les phénomenes dangereux provoqués par d'autres procédés d'usinage (par exemple meulage, tournage, formage, usinage par électroérosion, usinage par laser) sont traités dans d'autres normes (voir la Bibliographie).
1.6   La présente norme s'applique aux machines construites apres la publication de la présente norme.

Machine tools - Safety - Machining centres

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
31-Dec-2001
Withdrawal Date
24-Mar-2009
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
25-Mar-2009
Due Date
17-Apr-2009
Completion Date
25-Mar-2009

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 12417:2002
01-januar-2002
Machine tools - Safety - Machining centres
Machine tools - Safety - Machining centres
Sicherheit von Werkzeugmaschinen - Bearbeitungszentren
Machines-outils - Sécurité - Centres d'usinage
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 12417:2001
ICS:
25.040.10 9HþRSHUDFLMVNLVWURML Machining centres
SIST EN 12417:2002 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 12417
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
July 2001
ICS 25.040.10
English version
Machine tools - Safety - Machining centres

Machines-outils - Sécurité - Centres d'usinage Werkzeugmaschinen - Sicherheit - Bearbeitungszentren

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 9 June 2001.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,

Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2001 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 12417:2001 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
EN 12417:2001 (E)
Contents
Page

Foreword ...............................................................................................................................3

0 Introduction ....................................................................................................................4

1 Scope.............................................................................................................................5

2 Normative references.....................................................................................................5

3 Terms and definitions.....................................................................................................8

4 List of significant hazards...............................................................................................8

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures.........................................................14

6 Verification of safety requirements and/or protective measures ..................................29

7 Information for use .......................................................................................................29

Annex A (normative) Guards on machining centres - Impact test method .........................31

Annex B (informative) Equipment for impact test ...............................................................34

Annex C (informative) Illustrative figures used as examples..............................................35

Annex D (normative) Noise emission measurement ..........................................................40

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship of this standard with EC Directives ...........................41

Bibliography.........................................................................................................................42

Tables

Table 1 – List of significant hazards and major sources of these hazards associated with

machining centres ...............................................................................................................10

Table 2 – List of safety requirements and/or protective measures and their verification

procedures ..........................................................................................................................14

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
EN 12417:2001 (E)
Foreword

This European Standard has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 143 "Machine

tools - Safety", the secretariat of which is held by SNV.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of

an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2002, and conflicting national

standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by January 2002.
Annex A is normative. Annexes B to D and ZA are informative.

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of

EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EC–Directives, see informative annex ZA which is an integral part of this

standard.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of

the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium,

Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,

Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United

Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
EN 12417:2001 (E)
0 Introduction
This European Standard is a type C standard as stated in EN 292–1.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B

standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence.

Machining centres present a wide range of hazards, not least from their wide application as

rotating tool, 'stationary' workpiece machine tools, for general purpose cutting of cold metal work

material.

Protection of operators and other persons from contact with moving cutting tools, especially

when being rapidly rotated in the spindle, or being swung from a tool magazine to the spindle

during power-operated tool changing, or from contact with fast–moving workpieces, is of great

importance.

When power–operated mechanisms are provided for workpiece transfer, they can also create

hazardous situations during loading/unloading and workpiece alignment or clamping.

Total enclosure of the work zone using guards during cutting is practicable for smaller

machines. The requirements for access to the work zone of large machines used for the

processing of a wide range of workpiece configurations can require that operators are

safeguarded by other means (e.g. perimeter fencing, protective devices at the operating

position).

Pendant controls enable operators to move around the machine, especially large machines, and

to view the work zone, the load/aligning, clamping, cutting, or unloading operations,

maneuvering the pendant control as they move.

The significant hazards covered by this standard are those listed in clause 4. The safety

requirements and/or protective measures to prevent or minimize those hazards identified in

Table 1 and procedures for verification of these requirements or measures are found in clause 5.

The figures in annex C are examples only and are not intended to illustrate the only

interpretation of the text.
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EN 12417:2001 (E)
1 Scope

1.1 This standard specifies the technical safety requirements and protective measures to be

adopted by persons undertaking the design, construction and supply (including installation and

dismantling, with arrangements for transport and maintenance) of machining centres (see 3.1).

1.2 This standard takes account of intended use including reasonably foreseeable misuse,

maintenance, cleaning, and setting operations. It presumes access to the machine from all

directions. It describes means to reduce risks to operators and other exposed persons.

1.3 This standard also applies to the workpiece transfer devices when they form an integral part

of the machine.

1.4 This standard deals with significant hazards relevant to machining centres when they are

used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see clause 4).

1.5 Hazards arising from other metal working processes (e.g. grinding, turning, forming, EDM,

laser processing) are covered by other standards (see Bibliography).

1.6 This standard applies to machines which are manufactured after (its date of publication).

2 Normative references

This European Standard incorporates, by dated or undated reference, provisions from other

publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text, and the

publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions

of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by

amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to

applies (including amendments).

EN 292-1:1991 Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design - Part 1:

Basic terminology, methodology
EN 292-2:1991 and EN 292-2/A1:1995 Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general
principles for design - Part 2: Technical principles and specifications
EN 294:1992 Safety of machinery – Safety distances to prevent danger zones being
reached by the upper limbs

EN 349:1993 Safety of machinery – Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human

body
EN 547:1996 Safety of machinery – Human body measurements –
Part 1: Principles for determining the dimensions required for openings for
whole body access into machinery
Part 2: Principles for determining the dimensions required for access
openings
Part 3: Anthropometric data

EN 574:1996 Safety of machinery - Two hand control devices – Functional aspects –

Principles for design
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
EN 12417:2001 (E)
EN 614 Safety of machinery - Ergonomic design principles –
Part 1: Terminology and general principles
Part 2: Interaction between machinery design and work tasks
EN 626-1:1994 Safety of machinery – Reduction of risks to health from hazardous
substances emitted by machinery – Part 1: Principles and specifications for
machinery manufacturers

EN 894:1997 Safety of machinery – Ergonomics requirements and data for the design of

displays and control actuators –
Part 1: Human interactions
Part 2: Displays

EN 894-3:2000 Safety of machinery – Ergonomics requirements and data for the design of

displays and control actuators – Part 3: Control actuators

EN 953:1997 Safety of machinery – Guards – General requirements for the design and

construction of fixed and movable guards

EN 954-1:1996 Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1:

General principles for design

EN 982:1996 Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their

components - Hydraulics

EN 983:1996 Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their

components - Pneumatics

EN 999:1998 Safety of machinery – The positioning of protective equipment in respect of

approach speeds of parts of the human body
prEN 1005:1998 Safety of machinery – Human physical performance –
Part 1: Terms and definitions
Part 2: Manual handling of machinery and component parts of machinery
Part 3: Recommended force limits for machinery operation
EN 1037:1995 Safety of machinery – Prevention of unexpected start-up
EN 1050:1996 Safety of machinery - Principles for risk assessment

EN 1088:1995 Safety of machinery - Interlocking devices associated with guards – Principles

for design and selection

EN 1127–1:1997 Explosive atmospheres - Explosion prevention and protection – Part 1: Basic

concepts and methodology

EN 1760–1:1997 Safety of machinery - Pressure sensitive protective devices – Part 1: General

principles for the design and testing of pressure sensitive mats and pressure
sensitive floors
EN 1837:1999 Safety of machinery – Integral lighting of machines

EN 60529:1991 Specification for degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code)

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EN 12417:2001 (E)

EN 60825-1:1994 Safety of laser products – Equipment classification, requirements and user’s

guide

EN ISO 3744:1995 Acoustics – Determination of sound power level of noise sources using

sound pressure – Engineering method in an essentially free field over a
reflecting plane

EN ISO 3746:1995 Acoustics – Determination of sound power level of noise sources using

sound pressure – Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface
over a reflecting plane

EN ISO 4871:1997 Acoustics – Declaration and verification of noise emission values of

machinery and equipment

EN ISO 9614-1:1995 Acoustics – Determination of sound power level of noise sources

using sound intensity – Part 1: Measurement at discrete points
EN ISO 11202:1995 Acoustics – Noise emitted by machinery and equipment –
Measurement method of emission sound power levels at the work station and
at other specified positions – Survey method in situ
EN ISO 11204:1996 Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment – Method
requiring environmental corrections
prEN ISO 14122:1999 Permanent means of access to machines and industrial plants
Part 2: Working platforms and gangways
Part 3: Stairways, stepladders and guard-rails
prEN 13478:1999 Safety of machinery – Fire prevention and protection
EN ISO 11688-1:1998 Acoustics – Recommended practice for the design of low–noise
machinery and equipment - Part 1: Planning
ISO/TR 11688-2:1998 Acoustics – Recommended practice for the design of low–noise
machinery and equipment - Part 2: Introduction to the physics of low-noise
design

EN 50081–2:1993 Electromagnetic compatibility – Generic emission standard – Part 2: Industrial

environment

EN 60204-1:1997 Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General

requirements (IEC 60204-1:1997)

EN 61000-6-2 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-2: Generic standards - Immunity

for industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-2:1999)

EN 61496-1: 1997 Safety of machinery - Electrosensitive protective equipment - Part 1 -

General requirements and tests (IEC 61496-1:1997)

IEC 61496-2:1997 Safety of machinery - Electro-sensitive protective equipment - Part 2:

Particular requirements for equipment using active opto-electronic
protective devices (AOPDs)
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EN 12417:2001 (E)

ISO 2806: 1994 Industrial automation systems – Numerical control of machines – Vocabulary

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this standard, the following definitions apply. For other terms and

definitions, see EN 292–1, EN 292–2+A1.
3.1
machining centre

a numerically controlled machine tool, where the spindle orientation is usually either horizontal

or vertical, capable of carrying out two or more machining processes (e.g. milling, drilling,

boring) and having facilities to enable tools to be changed automatically from a magazine or

similar storage unit in accordance with the machining program. Such machines may incorporate

facilities for manual control in varying degrees
3.2
numerical control (computer numerical control) (NC, CNC)

automatic control of a process performed by a device that makes use of numeric data

introduced while the operation is in progress (ISO 2806:1994, 2.1.1)
3.3
work zone
the space where the metal cutting process can take place
3.4
workpiece transfer device

a mechanism integrated with the machine as a means of supplying a previously loaded

workpiece to a machine in exchange for a finished workpiece (e.g. pallet changing device – see

annex C, Figures C.1, C.2, C.3, C.4)
3.5
electronic handwheel

a manually operated control device which initiates and maintains an axis movement by pulse

generation input to the numerical control during its rotation
4 List of significant hazards

4.1 The list of hazards contained in Table 1 is the result of a hazard identification and risk

assessment carried out as described by EN 1050 for machining centres covered by the scope of

this standard. The safety requirements and/or protective measures and information for use

contained in clauses 5 and 7 are based on the risk assessment and deal with the identified

hazards by either eliminating them or reducing the effects of the risks they generate.

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EN 12417:2001 (E)

4.2 The risk assessment assumes foreseeable access from all directions, as well as

unexpected start–up. Risks to both the operators and other persons who can have access to the

hazard zones are identified, taking into account hazards which can occur under various

conditions (e.g. commissioning, set–up, production, maintenance, repair, decommissioning)

during the life of the machine. The assessment includes an analysis of the effect of failure in the

control system.

4.3 In addition, the user of this standard (i.e. the designer, manufacturer, supplier) shall

validate that the risk assessment is complete for the machine under consideration with particular

attention to:

– the intended use of the machine including maintenance, setting and cleaning, and its

reasonably foreseeable misuse;
– the identification of the significant hazards associated with the machine.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
EN 12417:2001 (E)

Table 1 – List of significant hazards and major sources of these hazards associated with

machining centres
• Description Example(s) of Associated Related danger Clause 5
related hazardous activity zone Referenc
situation(s) e (Table
1. Mechanical hazards
1.1 Crushing workpiece clamping loading/reorienting/ between clamps and 1.4
unloading workpiece
movements associated power–operated tool envelope of tool- 1.3
with automatic tool change changer motion
changing between spindle and
tool store
moving axes maintenance within pits 1.7
movement of operating normal operation, at or near machine 1.8
platforms maintenance
1.2 Shearing moving axes manual operation/ between tool/ spindle 1.1.6.3
tool change and table/ workpiece 1.1.6.4
1.2.1.3

1.3 Cutting or severing spindle or tool running spindle running at spindle or tool 1.1 to

or cutting 1.1.6.4
1.4 Entanglement movements associated power–operated tool- envelope of tool- 1.3
with automatic tool change changer motion
changing between spindle and
tool store
removal of swarf/chips power–operated swarf/chip collection 1.5
swarf/chip removal and discharge zones

1.5 Drawing–in or trapping rapid travel of table or power–operated envelope of 1.1

spindle head motion of workpiece movement of
on table or tool in workpiece on table
spindle axes; envelope of
movement of tool in
spindle head
rotating power maintenance in or around machine 1.6
transmission
mechanisms
1.6 Impact moving/rotating tool spindle running at spindle or tool 1.1 to
1.1.6.4
automatic tool changing power–operated tool envelope of tool 1.3
change change motion
automatic workpiece power-operated envelope of motion of 1.4
transfer (e.g. pallet workpiece transfer workpiece and
loading system) workpiece transfer
mechanisms

1.7 Stabbing or puncture moving/rotating tool process control at tool in spindle 1.1 to

(especially eccentric 1.1.6.4
tools)
movements associated power–operated tool envelope of tool 1.3
with automatic tool change changer motion
changing (especially tool
grippers)
handling tools during manual tool at sharp cutter faces (see clause
change or 7)
replenishing tool
magazine
handling swarf/chips during loading/ at workpiece, table, (see clause
unloading and and swarf /chip 7)
cleaning collecting and
discharge zones
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EN 12417:2001 (E)
Description Example(s) of Associated Related danger Clause 5
related hazardous activity zone Referenc
situation(s) e (Table
2 Electrical hazards
2.1 Contact of persons contact with live parts or during electrical cabinet, 2.1
with live parts (direct connections commissioning, terminal boxes,
contact) maintenance, trouble control panels at
shooting machine

2.2 Contact of persons contact with live parts or during operation, at machine or faulty 2.2

with parts which have connections inspection and part
become live under maintenance of
faulty conditions machine
(indirect contact)
4 Hazards generated by noise
4.1 Hearing loss motion of power during operating cycle near machine 4
(deafness), other transmission elements, of machine
physiological cutting processes and
disorders (e.g. loss of fluid power systems
balance, loss of
awareness)
4.2 Interference with air blast used for during operating cycle near machine 4
speech cleaning of tool or pallet of machine
communication, locations
acoustical signals
Hazards generated by radiation
6.5 Lasers direct or reflected visual maintenance of laser within machine 6.5
exposure to laser positional feedback
radiation system
7 Hazards generated by materials and substances

7.1 Hazards from contact conditions near machine during operating cycle at or near machine 7.1

with or inhalation of caused by ejection of of the machine
harmful fluids, gases, particles of work
mists, fumes, and material, fluid droplets
dusts or mist from metal
working fluids

7.2 Fire or explosion flammable work during operating cycle at or near machine 7.2

material, flammable (low of the machine
flash point) metal
working fluids

7.3 Biological or micro– contact with hydraulic or during operation, at or near machine 7.3

biological (viral or metal working fluid as process control, and
bacterial) hazards liquid or mist containing maintenance
detritus and bacteria
8 Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles in the design process

8.1 Unhealthy postures or lifting and reaching while during loading/ at load/unload and 8.1

excessive effort handling workpiece, unloading, process tool mounting
(repetitive strain) tools, and machine parts control, and positions,
maintenance maintenance action
points
8.2 Inadequate inappropriate location of during loading/ at load/unload and 8.2
consideration of hand- controls unloading, process tool mounting
arm or foot-leg control, and positions,
anatomy maintenance maintenance action
points

8.4 Inadequate local judgement and accuracy during loading at load/unload, tool 8.4

lighting of manual actions /unloading, process mounting positions
impaired during control, tool handling
handling/ positioning of
work materials and
cutters
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EN 12417:2001 (E)
• Description Example(s) of Associated Related danger Clause 5
related hazardous activity zone Referenc
situation(s) e (Table

8.6 Human errors, human reasonably foreseeable during loading/ at load/unload, tool 8.6

behaviour misuse, inadvertent unloading, process mounting positions
operation of controls, control, tool handling
incorrect work material
and cutter handling and
setting

8.7 Inadequate design, inadvertent operation of during setting, at or near machine 8.7

location or controls operating cycle
identification of
manual controls

8.8 Inadequate design or misinterpretation of during setting, at or near machine 8.8

location of visual displayed information operating cycle
display units
Unexpected start-up, unexpected overrun/ overspeed
10.1 Failure/disorder of the mechanical hazards during setting, at machine 10.1
control system associated with selected cleaning
machine movement

10.2 Restoration of energy unexpected movements during setting, at or near machine 10.2

supply after an of machine cleaning or
interruption maintenance

10.3 External influences on unpredictable behaviour during setting or at or near machine 10.3

the electrical of electronic controls operating cycle of
equipment due to electromagnetic the machine
interference

13 Failure of the power malfunctions of the during operation, at machine where 13

control with consequent process control, machine elements
supply
misapplication of stored maintenance retained in a safe
energy or power. Power condition by the
workholding fails, motor application of power
overspeed. Part or fluid pressure.
breakage causes
machine elements to
move under residual
forces (inertia, gravity,
spring/ energy storage
means) causing external
elements to move
unexpectedly

14 Failure of the control Unexpected movements during setting, at or near machine 14

of machine cleaning or
circuit
maintenance
15 Errors of fitting machine elements fail or during process at machine 15
swing unexpectedly control, tool
mounting,
maintenance
17 ejection of machine during the operating at or near machine 1.2.6
Falling or ejected
objects or fluids parts, workpiece or tools cycle of the machine 17
caused by clamping
device, control system
failures or collision due
to data errors
18 unrestrained machine or during loading/ at machine 18
Loss of stability,
machine part unloading and
overturning of
(maintained in position process control, at
machinery
by gravity), falls or heavy/unwieldy
overturns workpieces during
maintenance
(disassembly/
relocation)
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EN 12417:2001 (E)

19 Slip , trip, and fall of ejection or spillage of during workpiece machine table, floor 19

persons (related to
metal working fluids and load/unload, setting, area around machine
machinery)
lubricants (also hydraulic process control and and workpiece
fluid if used); work at maintenance permanent means of
heights work at heights access to the machine
work to replenish
fluids (e.g. lubricants)
• This list is derived from annex A of EN 1050: 1996.
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
EN 12417:2001 (E)
5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures
5.1 General requirements

Machining centres shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures of this

clause.

In addition, the machining centre shall be designed according to the principles of EN 292 for

hazards relevant but not significant which are not dealt with by this standard.
5.2 Specific requirements

Table 2 – List of safety requirements and/or protective measures and their verification

procedures

NOTE The numbering of various provisions in this table is in accordance with Table 1 and hence missing numbers

correspond to hazards which are not significant
Hazards Safety requirement and/or protective measure Verification
1 Mechanical 1.1 Work zone
1.1.1 Primary safeguards Visual inspection
The work zones of machining centres shall be safeguarded. The
guarding arrangements shall be designed to prevent access to
hazardous situations.
NOTE General guidance for the design selection of safeguards, where
the hazards from moving parts cannot be avoided by design is given in
4.1, 4.2 and Table 1 of EN 292-2:1991.
For the purposes of this clause,
1) all protective equipment shall be in accordance with the following: in
accordance with EN 61496-1:1997 (ESPE), in accordance with IEC
61496-2:1997, category 4 (AOPD), in accordance with EN 1760-1:1997
(PSPD).
2) Guards shall be in accordance with EN 953:1997, and interlocking
devices shall be in accordance with EN1088:1995.
1.1.2 Guarding strategies
1.1.2.1 General Visual inspection,
assessment
The work zone shall be enclosed where possible by fixed and/or
interlocked movable guards during machining operations. Where
enclosure is not reasonably practicable (e.g. due to the size of the
workpiece, its geometry, other special characteristics of the machine or
its application), operators and other exposed persons shall be
safeguarded by a combination of other means (e.g. protected operator
position (cabin), perimeter guarding, other protective devices).
Visual inspection
1.1.2.2 Enclosure
Examination of
Where reasonably practicable, work zone guarding shall be fixed to the drawings
structure of the machine (see 3.2.1 of EN 953:1997) (see also guard
characteristics below and Figures C.1 – C.4, C.6).
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
EN 12417:2001 (E)
Hazards Safety requirement and/or protective measure Verification
1.1.2.3 Alternatives to enclosures Visual inspection
Access to the work zone, by the operator, from the normal (fixed)
operating position shall be prevented by local guarding (typically
forming a cabin - see Figures C.5 and C.7). Access to the cabin shall
not require entry into the hazard zone enclosed by perimeter fencing or
other protective devices. Where this is not possible because of the
machine configuration or other operating constraints, the access route
to the operating position shall not require approach to hazardous
situations.

1 Mechanical Where the machine operator requires access to the work zone from the Visual inspection,

protected (fixed) operating position (cabin) e.g. for setting purposes or conformance to

process control, the cabin shall be designed so that access is via an drawings/

interlocked movable guard from within the cabin. Alternatively the specifications

movement of a pendant control from the cabin position shall have the
same effect as the interlocked guard above. Operation of the machine
in mode 1 (automatic cycle) shall only be possible when the pendant
control (above) is relocated in the cabin. Any other powered movement
of machine elements shall only be achieved by selection of the
appropriate operating mode (see operating modes below).
Access to the work zone by persons other than the machine operator
shall be prevented by perimeter fencing and/or other means (e.g.
electrosensitive protective equipment (ESPE), active-opto electronic
protective devices (AOPDs), pressure sensitive protective devices
(PSPDs). Where access points (e.g. gates), are provided they shall be
interlocked. Where int
...

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