Environmental management systems - Guidelines for incorporating ecodesign (ISO 14006:2020)

EN-ISO 14006 gives guidelines for assisting organizations in establishing, documenting, implementing, maintaining and continually improving their management of ecodesign as part of an environmental management system (EMS).This document is intended to be used by organizations that have implemented an EMS in accordance with ISO 14001, but it can also help in integrating ecodesign using other management systems. The guidelines are applicable to any organization regardless of its type, size or product(s) provided.This document is applicable to product-related environmental aspects and activities that an organization can control and those it can influence.This document does not establish specific environmental performance criteria.

Umweltmanagementsysteme - Leitlinien zur Berücksichtigung umweltverträglicher Produktgestaltung (ISO 14006:2020)

Dieses Dokument enthält Leitlinien, die Organisationen bei der Einrichtung, Dokumentation, Implementierung, Aufrechterhaltung und fortlaufenden Verbesserung ihres Ökodesign-Managements als Teil eines Umweltmanagementsystems (UMS) unterstützen.
Dieses Dokument ist für den Gebrauch durch Organisationen vorgesehen, die ein UMS nach ISO 14001 eingeführt haben, kann jedoch auch bei der Einbindung von Ökodesign unter Verwendung anderer Managementsysteme helfen. Diese Leitlinien sind für jede Organisation, unabhängig von ihrer Art, Größe oder hergestellten Produkte, anwendbar.
Dieses Dokument ist auf produktbezogene Umweltaspekte und Tätigkeiten anwendbar, die eine Organisation überwachen und steuern kann.
Dieses Dokument legt keine speziellen umweltbezogenen Leistungskriterien fest.

Systèmes de management environnemental - Lignes directrices pour intégrer l'éco-conception (ISO 14006:2020)

Le présent document donne des lignes directrices pour aider les organismes à établir, documenter, mettre en œuvre, tenir à jour et améliorer en continu leur management de l'éco-conception dans le cadre d'un système de management environnemental (SME).
Le présent document est destiné à être utilisé par les organismes qui ont mis en œuvre un SME conformément à l'ISO 14001, mais il peut également aider à intégrer l'éco-conception à l'aide d'autres systèmes de management. Les lignes directrices sont applicables à tout organisme indépendamment de son type, de sa taille ou du ou des produits qu'il fournit.
Le présent document est applicable aux aspects environnementaux des produits et aux activités que l'organisme a les moyens de maîtriser et sur lesquels il a les moyens d'avoir une influence.
Le présent document n'établit pas de critères de performance environnementale spécifiques.

Sistemi ravnanja z okoljem - Smernice za vpeljevanje ekološkega načrtovanja (ISO 14006:2020)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
01-Apr-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
02-Mar-2020
Due Date
07-May-2020
Completion Date
02-Apr-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
01-maj-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 14006:2012
Sistemi ravnanja z okoljem - Smernice za vpeljevanje ekološkega načrtovanja (ISO
14006:2020)
Environmental management systems - Guidelines for incorporating ecodesign (ISO
14006:2020)
Umweltmanagementsysteme - Leitlinien zur Berücksichtigung umweltverträglicher
Produktgestaltung (ISO 14006:2020)
Systèmes de management environnemental - Lignes directrices pour intégrer l'éco-
conception (ISO 14006:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14006:2020
ICS:
03.100.70 Sistemi vodenja Management systems
13.020.10 Ravnanje z okoljem Environmental management
SIST EN ISO 14006:2020 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
EN ISO 14006
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
February 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 03.100.70; 13.020.10 Supersedes EN ISO 14006:2011
English Version
Environmental management systems - Guidelines for
incorporating ecodesign (ISO 14006:2020)

Systèmes de management environnemental - Lignes Umweltmanagementsysteme - Leitlinien zur

directrices pour intégrer l'éco-conception (ISO Berücksichtigung umweltverträglicher

14006:2020) Produktgestaltung (ISO 14006:2020)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 21 January 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 14006:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
EN ISO 14006:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
EN ISO 14006:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 14006:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207

"Environmental management" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/SS S26 “Environmental

management” the secretariat of which is held by CCMC.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2020, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by August 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 14006:2011.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 14006:2020 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 14006:2020 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14006
Second edition
2020-01
Environmental management
systems — Guidelines for
incorporating ecodesign
Systèmes de management environnemental — Lignes directrices pour
intégrer l'éco-conception
Reference number
ISO 14006:2020(E)
ISO 2020
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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
ISO 14006:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
ISO 14006:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 Terms related to organization and leadership ............................................................................................................ 1

3.2 Terms related to planning ............................................................................................................................................................. 3

3.3 Terms related to support and operation ........................................................................................................................... 6

3.4 Terms related to performance evaluation and improvement ........................................................................ 7

4 Context of the organization ....................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.1 Understanding the organization and its context ....................................................................................................... 9

4.2 Understanding the needs and expectations of interested parties .............................................................. 9

4.3 Determining the scope of the environmental management system ......................................................10

4.4 Environmental management system ................................................................................................................................10

5 Leadership ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.1 Leadership and commitment ..................................................................................................................................................10

5.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................10

5.1.2 Benefits of conducting ecodesign ...................................................................................................................11

5.1.3 Strategic aspects of ecodesign ...........................................................................................................................11

5.2 Environmental and ecodesign policies ...........................................................................................................................12

5.2.1 Environmental policy ........................................................................................................................................... .....12

5.2.2 Ecodesign policy ............................................................................................................................................................12

5.3 Organizational roles, responsibilities and authorities.......................................................................................13

6 Planning ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.1 Actions to address risks and opportunities ................................................................................................................13

6.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.1.2 Environmental aspects ............................................................................................................................................14

6.1.3 Legal and other requirements (i.e. compliance obligations) ..................................................15

6.1.4 Planning action ...............................................................................................................................................................15

6.2 Environmental objectives and planning to achieve them ...............................................................................16

7 Support ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.1 Resources ..................................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.2 Competence ............................................................................................................................................................................................16

7.3 Awareness ................................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.4 Communication ...................................................................................................................................................................................17

7.5 Documented information ............................................................................................................................................................18

8 Operation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................18

8.1 Operational planning and control .......................................................................................................................................18

8.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................18

8.1.2 Integrating ecodesign into design and development ....................................................................18

8.2 Emergency preparedness and response ........................................................................................................................20

9 Performance evaluation ............................................................................................................................................................................20

9.1 Monitoring, measurement, analysis and evaluation ............................................................................................20

9.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................20

9.1.2 Evaluation of compliance ......................................................................................................................................20

9.2 Internal audit .........................................................................................................................................................................................20

9.3 Management review ........................................................................................................................................................................21

10 Improvement .........................................................................................................................................................................................................21

10.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................21

10.2 Nonconformity and corrective action ..............................................................................................................................21

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
ISO 14006:2020(E)

10.3 Continual improvement ...............................................................................................................................................................21

11 Ecodesign activities in design and development .............................................................................................................22

11.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................22

11.2 Design and development .............................................................................................................................................................22

11.3 How to get started with ecodesign .....................................................................................................................................22

11.4 Establishing a plan to incorporate ecodesign into design and development .................................23

Annex A (informative) Top management and strategic issues on ecodesign ..........................................................24

Annex B (informative) Correlation of this document with other International Standards

on ecodesign ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................29

Annex C (informative) Ecodesign and design and development ..........................................................................................30

Annex D (informative) Clarification of concepts ...................................................................................................................................31

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................32

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
ISO 14006:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207, Environmental management,

Subcommittee SC 1, Environmental management systems, in collaboration with the European Committee

for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/SS S26, Environmental management, in accordance

with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 14006:2011), which has been technically

revised. The main changes compared with the previous edition are as follows:

— Clause 6, which covered ecodesign at an operational level, has been deleted due to the development

of IEC 62430:2019 (however, the basic information has been retained in a new Annex C);

— the structure has been adapted to ISO 14001:2015;
— the boxes related to ISO 14001 and ISO 9001 have been removed;

— text has been added to address management issues related to the outsourcing of ecodesign;

— a new Clause 11 covering management issues associated with setting ecodesign has been added.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
ISO 14006:2020(E)
Introduction
0.1 Audience

This document is primarily aimed at organizations that have an environmental management system

(EMS), such as that described in ISO 14001, whether or not combined with a quality management

system (QMS). This document can also be useful for organizations that only have a QM, as well as for

organizations without a formalized EMS or QMS, but that are interested in reducing adverse product-

related environmental impacts.

NOTE In this document, the term “product” is understood to cover both goods and services (see 3.2.3).

0.2 Concepts and definitions

Organizations are recognizing both the need to reduce adverse impacts on the environment from

their product(s) and the need to include environmental considerations in design and development,

applying life cycle thinking. This process is generally called “ecodesign”. Other terms that are used

include “design for environment (DfE)”, “environmentally conscious design (ECD)”, “environmentally

sustainable design” and “green design”. The term “ecodesign” is used throughout this document.

NOTE In this document, design and development is regarded as a process, and is referred to as simply

“design and development”.

Ecodesign is defined in this document as a systematic approach, which considers environmental

aspects in design and development with the aim to reduce adverse environmental impacts throughout

the life cycle of a product. In this document it is understood that the EMS should take account of design

and development, and, within that, ecodesign, with a view to enhancing product-related environmental

performance.

Ecodesign should be applied to new and existing products, including the modification of processes as

needed in delivering products.
0.3 Life cycle thinking and trade-offs
0.3.1 Life cycle thinking
Life cycle thinking is essential for ecodesign.

Life cycle thinking means the consideration of environmental aspects relevant to a product during its

entire life cycle. This implies considering consecutive and interlinked stages, such as:

— material acquisition;
— design and development;
— manufacturing;
— delivery and installation;

— use (including reuse, maintenance, repair, remanufacturing, refurbishing and upgrading);

— end-of-life treatment;
— disposal.

NOTE In this document, the use of the term “life cycle” is different from other terms used in relation to

products, e.g. the term “product life cycle (PLC)” describes the market stages of a product: introduction, growth,

maturity and decline, and the term “product life cycle management (PLM)” describes a system used to manage

the data and design process associated with the life of a product, from its design and development through to its

manufacture and finally to its disposal.
vi © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
ISO 14006:2020(E)
0.3.2 Trade-offs

Inherent in ecodesign are trade-offs, which, in this document, implies balancing pros and cons between

various product-related environmental requirements and alternative product solutions in order to

make an informed decision on the basis of the net benefit to interested parties.
0.4 Why implement ecodesign?

Legislation, codes of conduct and customer demands associated with product-related environmental

impacts are being implemented at an increasing rate worldwide. This is leading many organizations

to focus on improving the environmental performance of their products across different life cycle

stages. Such organizations need guidance on how to develop and implement systematic approaches to

ecodesign, in order to achieve the organization’s environmental objectives and to enable a continual

improvement in the environmental performance of products. This will have an impact on design and

development and will need to be managed within the EMS.

An organization and its product(s) have environmental impacts (e.g. climate change) that are derived

from its environmental aspects. It can influence its product-related environmental aspects, e.g. energy

consumption through decisions in design and development.

In order to be of benefit to the organization and to ensure that it achieves its environmental objectives,

it is intended that ecodesign be carried out as an integral part of the business operations of the

organization, particularly in design and development.

The reasons why an organization should integrate ecodesign into design and development include:

a) increasing concern over damage to the environment, e.g. climate change, depletion of resources,

loss of biodiversity, pollution;

b) recognition of business opportunities related to resource efficiency and the circular economy

(e.g. strategies to enable lower carbon and water use, as well as product-life-extension strategies

including product reuse, repair, refurbishment and remanufacturing);
c) life cycle thinking facilitates:

1) the identification of product-related environmental requirements expressed by customers, and

other external and internal interested parties:

2) the avoidance of unintentionally shifting environmental impacts within the life cycle.

0.5 Why ecodesign in an EMS?

As stated in ISO 14001, an organization is expected to consider life cycle thinking when determining

the environmental aspects of its activities, products and services that it determines it can either control

or influence. A benefit of linking an EMS to design and development, therefore, is that it requires the

identification of product-related environmental aspects and their associated environmental impacts at

each life cycle stage.
0.6 What are the needs and considerations when integrating ecodesign in EMS?

The integration of ecodesign into design and development needs the support of top management (see 5.1).

When ecodesign is implemented within an EMS, the person(s) responsible for the EMS should have an

understanding of design and development (see Clause 11), product-related environmental issues and

the requirements of interested parties. In this way, the integrity of the EMS is not jeopardized and the

product-related environmental objectives can be achieved.

If ecodesign is not implemented within an EMS, the organization should provide product-related

environmental training and guidance to those involved in design and development in order to ensure

the integration of ecodesign into the process.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved vii
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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
ISO 14006:2020(E)

Implementing ecodesign requires a multidisciplinary approach with buy-in from all relevant business

functions (e.g. marketing, sales, logistics, manufacturing) and external partners (e.g. recyclers,

suppliers, consultants).

To incorporate ecodesign in the context of an EMS, aligned with the organization’s business objectives,

competence needs should be considered. This includes:
a) understanding how products are being designed and developed;

b) determining and evaluating the importance of the environmental aspects and the associated

impacts of a product on the environment throughout its life cycle;

c) determining the environmental significance in terms that designers can understand and apply;

d) identifying appropriate measures to reduce the adverse effects of environmental impacts;

e) understanding how ecodesign and its management fit within an EMS or are supported by an EMS.

0.7 Relationships with other documents

This document addresses three interrelated areas required for ecodesign within an EMS: environment,

design and development, and management systems.

Figure 1 illustrates the relationship between the three related International Standards, their scope

of knowledge and their relationship with this document, which links all three areas and related

documents. See also Annex B.

Figure 1 — Relationship between ISO 14001, ISO 9001, IEC 62430, this document and the

organization’s business functions

ISO 14001 links the management of an organization’s processes with environmental aspects and

associated environmental impacts. It includes design management in ISO 14001:2015, 8.1 a).

ISO 9001:2015, 8.3, covers the design management process, but does not explicitly cover environmental

impacts.

IEC 62430:2019 assists in the incorporation of an evaluation of environmental aspects and associated

impacts into design and development, but, as such, it does not fully explain the activities involved

within an environmental and business management framework, such as those described in ISO 14001.

This document provides guidelines to assist organizations in establishing a systematic and structured

approach to the incorporation and implementation of ecodesign within an EMS, such as that described

in ISO 14001. The guidelines are intended to be applicable to all organizations, regardless of type, size

and product provided.
viii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14006:2020
ISO 14006:2020(E)
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