Environmental management systems - Guidelines for using ISO 14001 to address environmental aspects and conditions within an environmental topic area - Part 1: General (ISO 14002-1:2019)

This document gives general guidelines for organizations seeking to systematically manage environmental aspects or respond to the effects of changing environmental conditions within one or more environmental topic areas, based on ISO 14001.
This document also constitutes a framework for common elements of subsequent parts of the ISO 14002 series.

Umweltmanagementsysteme - Leitlinien für die Nutzung von ISO 14001 zur Behandlung von Umweltaspekten und -zuständen innerhalb eines Umweltthemengebiets - Teil 1: Allgemeines (ISO 14002-1:2019)

Dieses Dokument enthält allgemeine Leitlinien für Organisationen, die Umweltaspekte systematisch managen oder auf die Effekte sich ändernder Umweltzustände innerhalb eines oder mehrerer Umweltthemengebiete auf Grundlage der ISO 14001 reagieren wollen.
Dieses Dokument stellt auch einen Rahmen für gemeinsame Elemente der nachfolgenden Teile der Normenreihe ISO 14002 dar.

Systèmes de management environnemental - Lignes directrices pour l'utilisation de l'ISO 14001 afin de prendre en compte les situations et aspects environnementaux dans le cadre d'une thématique environnementale donnée - Partie 1: Généralités (ISO 14002-1:2019)

Le présent document donne des lignes directrices générales aux organismes cherchant à gérer de manière systématique les aspects environnementaux ou à réagir aux effets de l'évolution des situations environnementales dans une ou plusieurs thématiques environnementales, sur la base de l'ISO 14001.
Le présent document constitue également un cadre pour les éléments communs des parties ultérieures de la série ISO 14002.

Sistemi ravnanja z okoljem - Smernice za uporabo ISO 14001 pri upoštevanju okoljskega vidika in pogojev znotraj ISO 14002-1:2019 - 1. del: Splošno (ISO 14002-1:2019)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
09-Jul-2020
Publication Date
04-Oct-2020
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
02-Sep-2020
Due Date
07-Nov-2020
Completion Date
05-Oct-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
01-november-2020
Sistemi ravnanja z okoljem - Smernice za uporabo ISO 14001 pri upoštevanju

okoljskega vidika in pogojev znotraj ISO 14002-1:2019 - 1. del: Splošno (ISO 14002-

1:2019)
Environmental management systems - Guidelines for using ISO 14001 to address

environmental aspects and conditions within an environmental topic area - Part 1:

General (ISO 14002-1:2019)

Umweltmanagementsysteme - Leitlinien für die Nutzung von ISO 14001 zur Behandlung

von Umweltaspekten und -zuständen innerhalb eines Umweltthemengebiets - Teil 1:
Allgemeines (ISO 14002-1:2019)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14002-1:2020
ICS:
03.100.70 Sistemi vodenja Management systems
13.020.10 Ravnanje z okoljem Environmental management
SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
EN ISO 14002-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
September 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 03.100.70; 13.020.10
English Version
Environmental management systems - Guidelines for using
ISO 14001 to address environmental aspects and
conditions within an environmental topic area - Part 1:
General (ISO 14002-1:2019)
Umweltmanagementsysteme - Leitlinien für die
Nutzung von ISO 14001 zur Behandlung von
Umweltaspekten und -zuständen innerhalb eines
Umweltthemengebiets - Teil 1: Allgemeines (ISO
14002-1:2019)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 August 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 14002-1:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
EN ISO 14002-1:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
EN ISO 14002-1:2020 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 14002-1:2019 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207 "Environmental

management” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as

EN ISO 14002-1:2020 by Technical Committee CEN/SS S26 “Environmental management” the

secretariat of which is held by CCMC.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2021, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 14002-1:2019 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 14002-1:2020 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14002-1
First edition
2019-11
Environmental management
systems — Guidelines for using
ISO 14001 to address environmental
aspects and conditions within an
environmental topic area —
Part 1:
General
Reference number
ISO 14002-1:2019(E)
ISO 2019
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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
ISO 14002-1:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
ISO 14002-1:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Planning actions .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.2 Establish a baseline for the specific environmental topic area ..................................................................... 2

4.3 Determine appropriate actions ................................................................................................................................................ 3

4.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3.2 Types of action ................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.3.3 Considerations for decision-making ............................................................................................................... 3

5 Taking action ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

5.1 Environmental objectives .............................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.2 Support actions ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.3 Operational controls .......................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3.2 Life cycle perspective ................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3.3 Emergency preparedness and response ..................................................................................................... 8

5.4 Unintended consequences of actions taken ................................................................................................................... 8

6 Evaluating the effectiveness of actions .......................................................................................................................................... 8

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.2 Monitoring, measurement and analysis ............................................................................................................................ 8

7 Improvement ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
ISO 14002-1:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207, Environmental management,

Subcommittee SC 1, Environmental management systems.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
ISO 14002-1:2019(E)
Introduction
0.1 Background

Human society faces the challenge of living within planetary boundaries related to, for example, climate

change, freshwater consumption, land-use change and loss of biodiversity. Organizations need to take

into account the limitations these boundaries impose and can drive positive change in line with global

goals for sustainable development, such as those established by the United Nations. The ISO 14000

family of standards can help organizations to protect the environment and respond to changing

environmental conditions in support of these efforts.

Organizations have varying priorities related to environmental management based on their internal

and external contexts, including the surroundings within which they operate, the nature of their

interactions with the environment, as well as the concerns and requirements of their interested

parties. Organizations can benefit from applying a management system with a focus on an area of

interest or concern for environmental management that is of particular relevance for the organization

itself, the sector to which it belongs or public policy. ISO 14001 provides a framework for environmental

management regardless of an organization’s context, and without specifying how to implement its

requirements. ISO 14004 offers general guidance on establishing and implementing the ISO 14001

framework, but is not designed to address an organization’s specific environmental aspects, issues or

areas of interest.
0.2 Aim of the ISO 14002 series

The ISO 14002 series provides topic-specific guidance and examples for organizations that want to

apply their environmental management system to a more focused set of environmental aspects or a

combination of specific environmental aspects and environmental conditions.

This document presents generic guidance and establishes a framework for common elements to guide

the development of topic-specific parts. The subsequent parts of the series will provide a holistic

approach on how to use ISO 14001 in relation to a particular area of interest for environmental

management.

The ISO 14002 series supplements the general requirements and guidance in ISO 14001 and ISO 14004

and aims to connect other documents of the ISO 14000 family to ISO 14001. While this document does

not address every clause of ISO 14001, the clauses are in the same order and are consistent with a Plan-

Do-Check-Act (PDCA) approach.
Figure 1 shows how the ISO 14002 series is related to ISO 14001 and ISO 14004.
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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
ISO 14002-1:2019(E)
Figure 1 — ISO 14002 series and its relationship to ISO 14001 and ISO 14004
0.3 Entry points to the ISO 14002 series

The entry point for an organization applying one or more parts of the ISO 14002 series involves its

decision to establish an environmental management system, and its intention to take action in relation

to a particular area of interest or concern for environmental management, for example:

— specific commitment(s) related to protection of the environment, according to its environmental

policy;

— one or more of its significant environmental aspects or compliance obligations;

— specific risks and opportunities that need to be addressed related to environmental conditions.

An organization that seeks to enhance its focus on such an area of interest or concern can apply

ISO 14001 to that end, using the specific guidance in relevant part(s) of the ISO 14002 series.

0.4 Environmental topic areas

An environmental topic area is an area of interest or concern for environmental management in an

organization, in relation to its surroundings. This can include, for example, air, water, land, natural

resources, flora and fauna, consistent with the definition of environment in ISO 14001. A topic area is

typically reflected in one part of ISO 14002. However, a broader topic area could be divided into more

parts, if appropriate.

Managing an environmental topic area calls for an organization to take a holistic approach to addressing:

— environmental aspects that have or can have an impact on environmental conditions and can

therefore affect environmental performance;

— changing environmental conditions that can affect an organization’s ability to achieve the intended

outcomes of the environmental management system; or
— a combination of these.
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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
ISO 14002-1:2019(E)
0.5 Benefits of the ISO 14002 series

The ISO 14002 series provides guidance that is targeted toward specific types of interrelated

environmental aspects and environmental conditions. The benefits of applying the ISO 14002 series

can include:
— enhancing environmental performance within specific environmental topic areas;

— protecting the environment by preventing or mitigating adverse environmental impacts within

specific environmental topic areas;

— mitigating the potential adverse effect of environmental conditions on the organization within

specific environmental topic areas;

— aligning the environmental management system with the organization’s strategic direction, e.g. to

support a specific environmental policy or organizational commitment.
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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14002-1:2019(E)
Environmental management systems — Guidelines for
using ISO 14001 to address environmental aspects and
conditions within an environmental topic area —
Part 1:
General
1 Scope

This document gives general guidelines for organizations seeking to systematically manage

environmental aspects or respond to the effects of changing environmental conditions within one or

more environmental topic areas, based on ISO 14001.

This document also constitutes a framework for common elements of subsequent parts of the

ISO 14002 series.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 14001, Environmental management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 14001 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
environmental topic area

area of interest or concern for environmental management in an organization in relation to its

surroundings
4 Planning actions
4.1 General

To add focus on and improve environmental management related to the environmental topic area, the

organization should undertake a planning process. This includes establishing a baseline for comparison

of performance over time, and determining an appropriate combination of improvement actions within

the environmental management system.
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SIST EN ISO 14002-1:2020
ISO 14002-1:2019(E)
4.2 Establish a baseline for the specific environmental topic area

A baseline is a starting point that can be used for comparison. It can provide the necessary information

to effectively monitor and control the organization’s progress towards improvement. To establish a

baseline for the specific environmental topic area, the organization should review its existing activities,

knowledge and information related to, for example:
— its relevant environmental aspects;
— changing environmental conditions that can affect the organization;
— relevant ma
...

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