Adhesives - Solvent-borne and solvent-free adhesives - Determination of flashpoint

This European Standard specifies a method for determining the flashpoint of adhesives containing volatile organic compounds and makes allowance for deviations from standard atmospheric pressure. It applies to solvent-borne and solvent-free adhesives but not to water-borne adhesives containing less than10% of solvents.
NOTE   Care should be taken in the interpretation of results obtained from solvent mixtures containing halogenated hydrocarbons as such mixtures can give anomalous results (see Annex A).

Klebstoffe - Lösemittelhaltige und lösemittelfreie Klebstoffe - Bestimmung des Flammpunktes

Adhésifs - Adhésifs a base de solvants et adhésifs exempts de solvant - Détermination du point d'éclair

La présente Norme européenne décrit une méthode de détermination du point d'éclair des adhésifs contenant des composés organiques volatiles. Elle tient compte des variations par rapport a la pression atmosphérique normale. Elle s'applique aux adhésifs a base de solvant et aux adhésifs exempts de solvant, mais ne s'applique pas aux adhésifs a base d'eau ne contenant pas plus de 10 % de solvants.
NOTE   Il convient d'interpréter avec prudence les résultats obtenus avec les mélanges de solvants qui contiennent des hydrocarbures halogénés car ces mélanges peuvent donner des résultats irréguliers (voir Annexe A).

Lepila - Raztopinska lepila in lepila brez topil - Določanje plamenišča

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Jun-2003
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Jul-2003
Due Date
01-Jul-2003
Completion Date
01-Jul-2003

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 924:2003
01-julij-2003
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 924:1998
/HSLOD5D]WRSLQVNDOHSLODLQOHSLODEUH]WRSLO'RORþDQMHSODPHQLãþD

Adhesives - Solvent-borne and solvent-free adhesives - Determination of flashpoint

Klebstoffe - Lösemittelhaltige und lösemittelfreie Klebstoffe - Bestimmung des
Flammpunktes

Adhésifs - Adhésifs a base de solvants et adhésifs exempts de solvant - Détermination

du point d'éclair
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 924:2003
ICS:
83.180 Lepila Adhesives
SIST EN 924:2003 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 924:2003
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SIST EN 924:2003
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 924
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2003
ICS 83.180 Supersedes EN 924:1994
English version
Adhesives - Solvent-borne and solvent-free adhesives -
Determination of flashpoint

Adhésifs - Adhésifs à base de solvants et exempts de Klebstoffe - Lösemittelhaltige und lösemittelfreie Klebstoffe

solvants - Détermination du point d'éclair - Bestimmung des Flammpunktes
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 February 2003.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2003 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 924:2003 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 924:2003
EN 924:2003 (E)
Contents
page

Foreword......................................................................................................................................................................3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope ..............................................................................................................................................................5

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................5

3 Terms and definitions....................................................................................................................................5

4 Principle..........................................................................................................................................................5

5 Safety ..............................................................................................................................................................6

6 Apparatus .......................................................................................................................................................6

7 Sampling and sample treatment...................................................................................................................8

8 Procedure .......................................................................................................................................................8

9 Tests for referee purposes..........................................................................................................................10

10 Calculation....................................................................................................................................................10

11 Precision.......................................................................................................................................................11

12 Test report ....................................................................................................................................................11

Bibliography ..............................................................................................................................................................12

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SIST EN 924:2003
EN 924:2003 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 924:2003) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 193 "Adhesives", the

secretariat of which is held by AENOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or

by endorsement, at the latest by October 2003, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest

by October 2003.
This document supersedes EN 924:1994.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal,

Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 924:2003
EN 924:2003 (E)
Introduction

This European Standard describes one method for the determination of the flashpoint of adhesives containing

volatile organic compounds. It is generally equivalent to ISO1523, Paints, varnishes, petroleum and related

products — Determination of flashpoint — Closed cup equilibrium method. By the procedure specified in this

European Standard, differences between test apparatus of various standard designs are minimised by ensuring

that the test is carried out only when the product under test and the air/vapour mixture above it in the test vessel

are approximately in temperature equilibrium.
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SIST EN 924:2003
EN 924:2003 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies a method for determining the flashpoint of adhesives containing volatile organic

compounds and makes allowance for deviations from standard atmospheric pressure. It applies to solvent-borne

and solvent-free adhesives but not to water-borne adhesives containing less than10% of solvents.

NOTE Care should be taken in the interpretation of results obtained from solvent mixtures containing halogenated

hydrocarbons as such mixtures can give anomalous results (see Annex A).
2 Normative references

This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These

normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For

dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this this European

Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the

publication referred to applies (including amendments).
EN 923:1998, Adhesives — Terms and definitions
EN 1066, Adhesives — Sampling.
Adhesives — Examination and preparation of samples for testing.
EN 1067,
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions given in EN 923:1998 and the following

apply:
3.1
flashpoint (closed cup)

minimum temperature to which a product, confined in a closed cup, is to be heated for the vapours emitted to ignite

momentarily in the presence of a flame, when operating under standardized conditions

NOTE In this European Standard, the flashpoint is corrected to an atmospheric pressure of 101,3 kPa.

4 Principle

The test portion is heated in a suitably designed closed cup by immersing it to the required level in a suitable bath.

The temperature of the bath is slowly raised at such a rate that the difference in temperature between the liquid in

the bath and the test portion in the cup never exceeds 2°C, and the heating procedure ensures that the

temperature of the test portion does not rise more quickly than about 0,5°C in 1,5 min (see Note 1).

During the heating-up period, ignition trials are carried out at intervals of not less than 1,5 min (see Note 2).

The lowest temperature at which a flash occurs is noted and from this and a duplicate determination the flashpoint

of the test product is calculated, corrected to the standard atmospheric pressure of 101, 3 kPa.

NOTE 1 To ensure that the test is carried out under approximately equilibrium conditions, a slow rate of heating is

recommended because of the low thermal conductivity of some products and also because heat transfer by convection is

hindered by the high viscosity of many products. Uniformity of temperature throughout the product under test can be assisted by

use of a stirring device, which is not operated during an ignition trial.

NOTE 2 A minimum time interval of 1,5 min is recommended to ensure that a saturation concentration of vapour in the air

space above the test portion is re-established after each ignition trial.
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SIST EN 924:2003
EN 924:2003 (E)
5 Safety
Persons using this standard shall be familiar with normal laboratory practice.

This standard does not purport to address all safety problems, if any, associated with its use.

It is the responsibility of the user to establish safety and health practices and to ensure compliance with any

European or national regulatory conditions.
6 Apparatus
 Test cup. A closed cup with an internal level indicator (see Figure 1).
Key
1 Support
2 Thermometers

Figure 1 — Closed cup with fitted stirrer (see 6.1) immersed in the bath. (The stirrer for the bath is not

shown)
Examples of suitable closed cups include Abel, Abel-Pensky and Pensky-Martens.
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SIST EN 924:2003
EN 924:2003 (E)
If the adhesive is liable to be affected by the cup materia
...

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