Crane - Safety - Non-fixed load lifting attachments

This European Standard specifies safety requirements for the following non-fixed load lifting attachments for cranes, hoists and manually controlled load manipulating devices:
a)   plate clamps;
b)   vacuum lifters;
1)   self-priming;
2)   non-self-priming (pump, venturi, turbine);
c)   electric lifting magnets (battery fed and mains-fed);
d)   permanent lifting magnets;
e)   electro-permanent lifting magnets;
f)   lifting beams;
g)   C-hooks;
h)   lifting forks;
i)   clamps; and
j)   lifting insert systems for use in normal weight concrete,
as defined in Clause 3.
This standard does not give requirements for:
-   non-fixed load lifting attachments in direct contact with foodstuffs or pharmaceuticals requiring a high level of cleanliness for hygiene reasons;
-   hazards resulting from handling specific hazardous materials (e.g. explosives, hot molten masses, radiating materials);
-   hazards caused by operation in an explosive atmosphere;
-   hazards caused by noise;
-   hazards relating to the lifting of persons;
-   electrical hazards; and
-   hazards due to hydraulic and pneumatic components.
For high risk applications not covered by this standard, EN 13001-2:2014, 4.3.2 gives guidance to deal with them.
This standard covers the proof of static strength, the elastic stability and the proof of fatigue strength. For attachments designed for less than 16 000 lifting cycles, the proof of fatigue strength is covered by the proof of static strength (elastic and yielded conditions, see 5.1.2.1).
NOTE   This standard does not generally cover attachments intended to lift above people. Some attachments are suitable for that purpose if equipped with additional safety features. In such cases the additional safety features are specified in the specific requirements.
This standard does not cover slings, ladles, expanding mandrels, buckets, grabs, or grab buckets.
This standard is not applicable to non-fixed load lifting attachments for crane, hoists and manually controlled load manipulating devices which are manufactured before the date this publication as EN.

Krane - Sicherheit - Lose Lastaufnahmemittel

Dieses Dokument legt Sicherheitsanforderungen für folgende lose Lastaufnahmemittel für Krane, Hubwerke und handgeführte Manipulatoren fest:
a)   Blechklemmen;
b)   Vakuumheber:
1)   selbstansaugend;
2)   nicht selbstansaugend (Pumpe, Venturi-Düse, Gebläse);
c)   Lasthebemagnete:
1)   Elektromagnete (batteriegespeiste und netzgespeiste);
2)   Permanentmagnete;
3)   Elektro Permanentmagnete;
d)   Traversen;
e)   C-Haken;
f)   Krangabeln;
g)   Klemmen;
h)   Transportankersysteme für die Anwendung in Normalbeton,
wie sie in Abschnitt 3 definiert sind.
Dieses Dokument enthält keine Anforderungen an:
-   lose Lastaufnahmemittel, die in direktem Kontakt mit Lebensmitteln oder pharmazeutischen Produkten stehen, die aus Hygienegründen hohen Sauberkeitsanforderungen unterliegen;
-   Gefährdungen, die infolge der Handhabung bestimmter gefährlicher Materialien auftreten (z. B. Explosivstoffe, feuerflüssige Massen, radioaktive Materialien);
-   Gefährdungen durch den Einsatz in explosionsfähiger Atmosphäre;
-   Gefährdungen durch Lärm;
-   Gefährdungen im Zusammenhang mit dem Heben von Personen;
-   elektrische Gefährdungen;
-   Gefährdungen durch hydraulische und pneumatische Bauteile.
Für risikoreiche Anwendungen, die von dieser Norm nicht behandelt werden, enthält EN 13001-2:2014, 4.3.2, eine Leitlinie.
Dieses Dokument behandelt den Nachweis der statischen Festigkeit, die elastische Festigkeit und den Nachweis der Ermüdungsfestigkeit.
ANMERKUNG   Dieses Dokument behandelt im Allgemeinen keine Lastaufnahmemittel für den Transport über Personen hinweg. Einige Lastaufnahmemittel sind für diesen Zweck geeignet, sofern sie mit zusätzlichen Sicherungseinrichtungen ausgerüstet sind. In diesem Fall sind die zusätzlichen Sicherungseinrichtungen in den besonderen Anforderungen festgelegt.
Dieses Dokument behandelt keine Anschlagmittel, Pfannen, Spreizdorne, Kübel, Greifer oder Kübelgreifer. Dieses Dokument behandelt keine kraftbetriebenen Spreader zum Umschlag von Containern, die in den Anwendungsbereich von EN 15056 fallen.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für lose Lastaufnahmemittel, die vor dem Datum der Veröffentlichung dieses Dokuments hergestellt wurden.

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Sécurité - Accessoires de levage amovibles

Le présent document spécifie les prescriptions de sécurité pour les accessoires de levage amovibles suivants destinés aux appareils de levage à charge suspendue, aux palans et aux manipulateurs de charge à contrôle manuel :
a)   pinces à tôle ;
b)   ventouses de levage ;
1)   dispositifs auto-amorçants ;
2)   dispositifs non auto-amorçants (pompe, venturi, turbine) ;
c)   aimants de levage :
1)   électro-aimants de levage (alimentés par batterie et par le réseau) ;
2)   aimants permanents de levage ;
3)   aimants électro-permanents de levage ;
d)   palonniers ;
e)   cés de levage ;
f)   fourches de levage ;
g)   pinces ;
h)   systèmes d’ancre de levage pour le béton de masse volumique normale,
comme définis à l’Article 3.
Le présent document ne spécifie pas de prescriptions pour :
-   les accessoires de levage amovibles en contact direct avec des produits alimentaires ou pharmaceutiques exigeant un degré élevé de propreté pour des raisons d’hygiène ;
-   les phénomènes dangereux résultant de la manutention de produits dangereux spécifiques (par exemple, explosifs, masses fondues chaudes, produits radioactifs) ;
-   les phénomènes dangereux causés par le fonctionnement en atmosphère explosible ;
-   les phénomènes dangereux causés par le bruit ;
-   les phénomènes dangereux liés au levage des personnes ;
-   les phénomènes dangereux électriques ;
-   les phénomènes dangereux causés par les composants hydrauliques et pneumatiques.
Les recommandations relatives aux applications à haut risque non couvertes par la présente norme sont données dans l’EN 13001-2:2014, 4.3.2.
Le présent document couvre la vérification de la résistance statique, de la stabilité élastique et de la résistance à la fatigue.
NOTE   De manière générale, le présent document ne traite pas des accessoires prévus pour le levage au-dessus de personnes. Certains accessoires peuvent être destinés à cette fonction s’ils sont équipés de dispositifs de sécurité supplémentaires. Dans de tels cas, les dispositifs de sécurité supplémentaires sont traités dans les prescriptions particulières.
Le présent document ne couvre pas les élingues, les poches de coulée, les mandrins d'expansion, les godets, les grappins ou les bennes de préhension. Le présent document ne s’applique aux palonniers motorisés de la manutention de conteneurs qui sont couverts par l’EN 15056.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux accessoires de levage amovibles fabriqués après la date de sa publication par le CEN.

Dvigala (žerjavi) - Varnost - Snemljiva dvigalna sredstva

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-Nov-2017
Publication Date
26-Jan-2021
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
05-Jan-2021
Due Date
12-Mar-2021
Completion Date
27-Jan-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 13155:2021
01-april-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009
Dvigala (žerjavi) - Varnost - Snemljiva dvigalna sredstva
Crane - Safety - Non-fixed load lifting attachments
Krane - Sicherheit - Lose Lastaufnahmemittel

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Sécurité - Accessoires de levage amovibles

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 13155:2020
ICS:
53.020.30 Pribor za dvigalno opremo Accessories for lifting
equipment
SIST EN 13155:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 13155:2021
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SIST EN 13155:2021
EN 13155
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 53.020.30 Supersedes EN 13155:2003+A2:2009
English Version
Crane - Safety - Non-fixed load lifting attachments

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Sécurité - Krane - Sicherheit - Lose Lastaufnahmemittel

Accessoires de levage amovibles
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 January 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13155:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 13155:2021
EN 13155:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 9

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 10

2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................. 11

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 12

4 List of significant hazards ......................................................................................................................... 21

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .......................................................................... 46

5.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 46

5.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 46

5.1.2 Mechanical load bearing parts ................................................................................................................ 46

5.1.3 Controls ............................................................................................................................................................ 47

5.1.4 Handles ............................................................................................................................................................ 47

5.1.5 Requirements for slings which are integrated .................................................................................. 47

5.1.6 Stability during storage ............................................................................................................................. 48

5.1.7 Quality of welding ........................................................................................................................................ 48

5.2 Specific requirements for each category of attachment ................................................................ 48

5.2.1 Plate clamps ................................................................................................................................................... 48

5.2.2 Vacuum lifters ............................................................................................................................................... 49

5.2.3 Lifting magnets.............................................................................................................................................. 50

5.2.4 C-hooks ............................................................................................................................................................ 52

5.2.5 Lifting forks .................................................................................................................................................... 52

5.2.6 Lifting beams ................................................................................................................................................. 53

5.2.7 Clamps .............................................................................................................................................................. 54

5.2.8 Lifting insert systems .................................................................................................................................. 55

6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures ...................................... 56

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 62

7.1 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 62

7.1.1 General information .................................................................................................................................... 62

7.1.2 Specific information .................................................................................................................................... 63

7.1.3 Guidance for maintenance ........................................................................................................................ 66

7.1.4 Verifications and inspections .................................................................................................................. 67

7.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 67

7.2.1 Minimum marking ....................................................................................................................................... 67

7.2.2 Additional marking ..................................................................................................................................... 67

7.2.3 Additional safety plates ............................................................................................................................. 68

Annex A (normative) General verification methods ...................................................................................... 69

A.1 Verification of mechanical strength by calculation ......................................................................... 69

A.2 Verification of mechanical strength on the type by a static test ................................................. 69

A.2.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 69

A.2.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 69

A.2.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 69

A.3 Verification of mechanical strength on each individual attachment by a static test ........... 70

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SIST EN 13155:2021
EN 13155:2020 (E)

A.3.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 70

A.3.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 70

A.3.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 70

A.4 Verification by inspection ......................................................................................................................... 70

A.4.1 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 70

A.4.2 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 70

Annex B (normative) Verification methods for plate clamps ..................................................................... 71

B.1 No detachment when the load is brought down and in case of impact ..................................... 71

B.1.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 71

B.1.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 71

B.1.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 71

B.2 Determination of the friction coefficient ............................................................................................. 71

B.2.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 71

B.2.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 72

B.2.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 73

B.3 No slipping of the load - clamping by friction or penetration ...................................................... 73

B.3.1 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 73

B.3.2 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 74

B.4 Range of thickness of clamps .................................................................................................................... 74

B.4.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 74

B.4.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 74

B.4.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 74

B.5 Minimum working load .............................................................................................................................. 74

B.5.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 74

B.5.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 74

B.5.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 74

Annex C (normative) Verification methods for vacuum lifters ................................................................... 75

C.1 Verification of pressure measuring device ......................................................................................... 75

C.1.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 75

C.1.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 75

C.1.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 75

C.2 Verification of leakage indicator ............................................................................................................. 75

C.2.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 75

C.2.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 75

C.2.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 75

C.3 Verification of visibility of measuring device or indicator ............................................................ 75

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SIST EN 13155:2021
EN 13155:2020 (E)

C.3.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 75

C.3.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 75

C.3.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 75

C.4 Verification of devices to compensate for vacuum losses ............................................................. 76

C.4.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 76

C.4.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 76

C.4.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 76

C.5 Verification of warning device ................................................................................................................ 76

C.5.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 76

C.5.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 76

C.5.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 76

C.6 Verification of the non-return valve ...................................................................................................... 76

C.6.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 76

C.6.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 76

C.6.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 76

C.7 Verification of controls .............................................................................................................................. 77

C.7.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 77

C.7.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 77

C.7.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 77

C.8 Verification of energy source failure warning system .................................................................... 77

C.8.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 77

C.8.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 77

C.8.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 77

C.9 Verification of the position of the load ................................................................................................. 77

C.9.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 77

C.9.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 77

C.9.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 77

C.10 Verification of adhesion force by calculation or testing ................................................................ 77

C.10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 77

C.10.2 Verification by calculation ........................................................................................................................ 78

C.10.2.1 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................... 78

C.10.2.2 Acceptance criteria .............................................................................................................................. 78

C.10.3 Verification by testing ................................................................................................................................ 79

C.10.3.1 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................... 79

C.10.3.2 Acceptance criteria .............................................................................................................................. 79

C.11 Determination of the friction coefficient ............................................................................................. 79

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SIST EN 13155:2021
EN 13155:2020 (E)

C.11.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 79

C.11.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 80

C.11.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 80

Annex D (normative) Verification methods for lifting magnets ................................................................ 81

D.1 Verification of tear-off force ..................................................................................................................... 81

D.1.1 Verification by pull test .............................................................................................................................. 81

D.1.1.1 Conditions (see Figure D.1): ..................................................................................................................... 81

D.1.1.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 82

D.1.1.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 82

D.1.2 Verification by flux measurement and calculation .......................................................................... 82

D.1.2.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 82

D.1.2.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 83

D.1.2.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 83

D.2 Verification of controls ............................................................................................................................... 83

D.2.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 83

D.2.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 83

D.2.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 83

D.3 Verification of back-up and warning devices ..................................................................................... 83

D.3.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 83

D.3.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 83

D.3.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 83

D.4 Verification of the discharge time of batteries .................................................................................. 83

D.4.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 83

D.4.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 84

D.4.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 84

D.5 Verification of indicating devices ........................................................................................................... 84

D.5.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 84

D.5.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 84

D.5.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 84

D.6 Verification of alternative mechanical back-up devices ................................................................ 84

D.6.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 84

D.6.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 84

D.6.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 84

D.7 Verification that the magnet is matched to the intended load(s) ............................................... 85

D.7.1 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 85

D.7.2 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 85

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SIST EN 13155:2021
EN 13155:2020 (E)

Annex E (normative) Verification methods for lifting beams ..................................................................... 86

E.1 Verification of mechanical strength of each individual lifting beam by static test or

live load test ................................................................................................................................................... 86

E.1.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 86

E.1.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 86

E.1.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 86

E.2 Verification of mechanical strength on the type by a static test ................................................. 86

E.2.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 86

E.2.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 86

E.2.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 87

E.3 Verification of locking or holding devices by testing ...................................................................... 87

E.3.1 Conditions ....................................................................................................................................................... 87

E.3.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 87

E.3.3 Acceptance criteria ...................................................................................................................................... 87

E.4 Verification of the locking or holding by calculation ...................................................................... 88

Annex F (normative) Verification methods for lifting forks ....................................................................... 89

F.1 Verification of mechanical strength of the secondary positive holding device for

lifting forks in horizontal direction ....................................................................................................... 89

F.1.1 Conditions ..........................................................................

...

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