Abrasion resistance of protective clothing material - Test methods

This European Standard describes two test methods on abrasion resistance of materials using the same abrasion apparatus. The first method describes the determination of the abrasion resistance of protective clothing materials. The second method describes abrasion pre-treatment of these materials where the test specimens are used afterwards in other test methods or for evaluating the remaining protective properties.
The abradant is regarded to be a woven wool fabric for the purposes of this standard.
If other abradants (e.g. glass paper) are used, they should be specified in the requirement standard. Mounting instructions of special abradants should be described in requirement standards.
This European Standard is applicable as a reference standard on abrasion for standards and specifications on protective clothing textile materials.

Abriebfestigkeit von Material für Schutzkleidung - Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm beschreibt zwei Prüfverfahren zur Abriebfestigkeit von Materialien, bei denen das gleiche Gerät zur Anwendung kommt. Das erste Prüfverfahren beschreibt die Bestimmung der Abriebfestigkeit von Schutzkleidungsmaterial. Das zweite Prüfverfahren beschreibt die Vorbehandlung durch Abrieb dieser Materialien, bei denen die Prüfmuster nach der Vorbehandlung anderen Prüfverfahren unterzogen werden, oder bei denen die verbleibenden Schutzeigenschaften beurteilt werden.
Als Scheuermittel im Sinne dieser Norm wird ein Wollgewebe festgelegt.
Werden andere Scheuermittel (z. B. Glas-Schleifblätter) verwendet, so sollten diese in der entsprechenden Anforderungsnorm festgelegt werden. Festlegungen zur Befestigung von Scheuermitteln sollten in den Anforderungsnormen angegeben werden.
Diese Europäische Norm kann als Bezugsnorm für die Abriebfestigkeit in Normen und Spezifikationen für textile Schutzkleidungsmaterialien genutzt werden.

Résistance à l'abrasion du matériau constitutif d'un vêtement de protection - Méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne décrit deux méthodes d’essai de résistance à l’abrasion des matériaux,
toutes deux utilisant le même appareillage. La première méthode décrit la détermination de la résistance à
l’abrasion des matériaux constitutifs des vêtements de protection. La seconde méthode décrit un
prétraitement par abrasion de ces matériaux lorsque les échantillons d’essai sont utilisés ultérieurement pour
l’évaluation des propriétés de protection restantes.
L’abrasif de la présente norme est considéré comme étant un tissu de laine.
Si d’autres abrasifs sont utilisés (comme le papier de verre par exemple), il convient qu’ils soient notés dans
les exigences de la norme spécifique. Il convient que les instructions de mise en place des abrasifs spéciaux
soient décrites dans les exigences de la norme.
La présente Norme européenne s’applique comme norme de référence sur l’abrasion pour les normes et les
spécifications relatives aux vêtements de protection.

Material za varovalno obleko, odporen proti obrabi - Preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard opisuje dve preskusni metodi za materiale, odporne proti obrabi, ki uporabljata isti aparat za drgnjenje. Prva metoda opisuje ugotavljanje odpornosti proti obrabi materialov za varovalno obleko. Druga metoda opisuje predobdelavo pri obrabi teh materialov, pri kateri se preskusni primerki uporabijo kasneje pri drugih preskusnih metodah ali za vrednotenje drugih varovalnih lastnosti. V tem standardu je pripomoček za drgnjenje volnena tkanina. Če se uporabljajo drugi pripomočki za drgnjenje (npr. stekleni papir), morajo biti določeni v standardu za zahteve. Navodila za namestitev posebnih pripomočkov za drgnjenje marojo biti opisana v standardih za zahteve. Ta evropski standard se uporablja kot referenčni standard o obrabi za standarde in specifikacije tekstilnih materialov za varovalno obleko.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
27-Jul-2010
Current Stage
9060 - Closure of 2 Year Review Enquiry - Review Enquiry
Due Date
15-Sep-2016
Completion Date
15-Sep-2016

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Material za varovalno obleko, odporen proti obrabi - Preskusne metodeAbriebfestigkeit von Schutzkleidungsmaterial - PrüfverfahrenRésistance à l'abrasion du matériau constitutif d'un vêtement de protection - Méthodes d'essaiAbrasion resistance of protective clothing material - Test methods13.340.10Varovalna oblekaProtective clothingICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 530:2010SIST EN 530:2010en,fr,de01-oktober-2010SIST EN 530:2010SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 530:1996/AC:1998SIST EN 530:19961DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 530:2010
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 530
July 2010 ICS 13.340.10 Supersedes EN 530:1994English Version
Abrasion resistance of protective clothing material - Test methods

Résistance à l'abrasion du matériau constitutif d'un vêtement de protection - Méthodes d'essai

Abriebfestigkeit von Material für Schutzkleidung - Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 June 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 530:2010: ESIST EN 530:2010

EN 530:2010 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................41 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................52 Normative references ............................................................................................................................53 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................54 Methods of test ......................................................................................................................................64.1 Principles ................................................................................................................................................64.2 Conditioning and testing atmosphere .................................................................................................65 Apparatus and materials .......................................................................................................................65.1 Abrasion machine ..................................................................................................................................65.2 Abradant .................................................................................................................................................65.3 Foam .......................................................................................................................................................65.4 Felt ...........................................................................................................................................................65.5 Cutter ......................................................................................................................................................65.6 Magnifying glass or microscope ..........................................................................................................75.7 Useful life of auxiliary materials ...........................................................................................................76 Procedure of Method 1: Determination of abrasion resistance ........................................................76.1 Test specimen ........................................................................................................................................76.2 Setting up the machine .........................................................................................................................76.2.1 Mounting specimen in test piece holder .............................................................................................76.2.2 Mounting the woven wool fabric abradant on abrading table ..........................................................76.2.3 Wrinkles ..................................................................................................................................................86.2.4 Preparation of the abrasion machine ..................................................................................................86.3 Procedure ...............................................................................................................................................87 Procedure of Method 2: Pre-treatment procedure .............................................................................97.1 Test specimen ........................................................................................................................................97.2 Setting up the machine .........................................................................................................................97.2.1 Mounting specimens on abrading tables ............................................................................................97.2.2 Mounting the woven wool fabric abradant on test piece holder ......................................................97.2.3 Wrinkles ..................................................................................................................................................97.2.4 Preparation of the abrasion machine ..................................................................................................97.3 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................ 108 Method of assessment ....................................................................................................................... 109 Test report ........................................................................................................................................... 10Annex A (informative)

Significant technical changes between this document and the previous edition of this European Standard ................................................................................................................. 11Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 89/686/EEC ................................................................................................................ 12 SIST EN 530:2010

EN 530:2010 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 530:2010) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 162 “Protective clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2011, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by January 2011. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 530:1994. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. Annex A provides details of significant technical changes between this European Standard and the previous edition EN 530:1994. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 530:2010

EN 530:2010 (E) 4 Introduction This document describes testing of abrasion resistance of materials for protective clothing. It should be noted that in order to carry out the abrasion test according to this document the following parameters are to be specified:  abradant;  replacement of the abradant;

 conditioning and testing atmosphere;  debris removal;  pressure applied;  judgement of deterioration in case of using method 1;  number of cycles in case of using method 2. In general these parameters are specified in product standards.

SIST EN 530:2010

EN 530:2010 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard describes two test methods on abrasion resistance of materials using the same abrasion apparatus. The first method describes the determination of the abrasion resistance of protective clothing materials. The second method describes abrasion pre-treatment of these materials where the test specimens are used afterwards in other test methods or for evaluating the remaining protective properties. The abradant is regarded to be a woven wool fabric for the purposes of this standard. If other abradants (e.g. glass paper) are used, they should be specified in the requirement standard. Mounting instructions of special abradants should be described in requirement standards. This European Standard is applicable as a reference standard on abrasion for standards and specifications on protective clothing textile materials. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN ISO 139:2005, Textiles — Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing (ISO 139:2005) EN ISO 12947-1:1998, Textiles — Determination of the abrasion resistance of fabrics by the Martindale method — Part 1: Martindale abrasion testing apparatus (ISO 12947-1:1998) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 specimen breakdown

 in woven fabrics, when two separate threads are completely broken;  in knitted fabrics, when one thread is broken down causing a hole to appear;  in pile fabrics, when the pile is fully worn off;  in nonwovens, when the first hole resulting from the wear is of a diameter at least equal to 0,5 mm;  in coated material, when coating surface has the first hole resulting from the wear of a diameter at least equal to 0,5 mm (hole does not have to be through material) 3.2 abrasion rub one revolution of the outer drives of the Martindale abrasion tester 3.3 test interval amount of rubs to be preset for mandatory abrasion stop for breakdown evaluation and for cleaning the specimen and abradant or to change it SIST EN 530:2010

EN 530:2010 (E) 6 4 Methods of test 4.1 Principles The abrasion test using the Martindale abrasion machine is presented in two methods of operation. Method 1: Determination of abrasion resistance Determination of abrasion resistance employs the instrument in the conventional manner and produces an abraded disc of material 38 mm in diameter. This is convenient where only the loss of finish or appearance, or the mass or volume of abrasion loss, is to be determined and requires only small amounts of material to be tested. Method 2: Pre-treatment procedure P

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