Children's furniture - Cribs - Safety requirements and test methods

This document specifies safety requirements and test methods for cribs (including cradles, suspended cribs and bedside sleepers) for domestic and non-domestic use.
The requirements apply to cribs with a maximum internal length of crib base of 900 mm which are intended to provide sleeping accommodation for infants, until they are able to sit unaided or pull or push themselves up on their hands and knees.
This document does not apply to electrical safety.
It does not apply to cribs used for medical purposes or used in hospitals.
Products that can be converted into other items may be covered by other relevant European Standards.
Annex A (informative) includes a rationale.
Annex B (informative) includes an A-deviation.

Kindermöbel - Krippen - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt Sicherheitsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Krippen (einschließlich Wiegen, Hängekrippen und Beistellbetten) für den häuslichen und nichthäuslichen Gebrauch fest.
Die Anforderungen gelten für Krippen mit einer maximalen Innenlänge des Krippenbodens von 900 mm, welche als Schlafplatz für Kleinkinder vorgesehen sind, bis diese in der Lage sind, eigenständig zu sitzen oder sich auf ihre Hände und Knie hochzuziehen oder hochzudrücken.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für elektrische Sicherheit.
Es gilt nicht für Krippen, welche für medizinische Zwecke oder in Krankenhäusern eingesetzt werden.
Produkte, die in andere Möbelstücke umgebaut werden können, werden möglicherweise durch andere maßgebende Europäische Normen abgedeckt.
Anhang A (informativ) enthält eine Begründung.
Anhang B (informativ) enthält eine A-Abweichung.

Mobilier de puériculture - Berceaux - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

Le présent document spécifie les exigences de sécurité et les méthodes d’essai relatives aux berceaux (y compris les berceaux à bascule, les berceaux suspendus et les cododos) pour un usage domestique et autre que domestique.
Les exigences s’appliquent aux berceaux dont la longueur intérieure maximale du sommier est de 900 mm, prévus pour servir de couchage aux nourrissons jusqu’à ce qu’ils puissent se tenir assis seuls, se lever ou se mettre à quatre pattes.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas à la sécurité électrique.
Il ne s’applique pas aux berceaux utilisés pour des raisons médicales ou dans des hôpitaux.
Les produits qui peuvent être convertis en d’autres articles peuvent être couverts par d’autres Normes européennes applicables.
L’Annexe A (informative) contient les justifications correspondantes.
L’Annexe B (informative) contient une divergence A.

Pohištvo za otroke - Zibelke - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa varnostne zahteve za otroške posteljice (vključno z zibelkami, visečimi otroškimi posteljicami in priposteljnimi ležišči) za stanovanjske in nestanovanjske prostore, ki imajo notranjo dolžino podlage manjšo ali enako 900 mm in se uporabljajo za spanje majhnih dojenčkov, dokler ti ne morejo sedeti brez opore ali se opreti na roke in kolena. Izdelke, ki jih je mogoče pretvoriti v druge izdelke, lahko zajemajo drugi ustrezni evropski standardi.
Ta evropski standard ne zajema električnih varnostnih zahtev. Ta standard ne zajema otroških posteljic za medicinske namene. Ta standard ne zajema vzmetnic, priloženih posteljicam.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
26-Nov-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
27-Nov-2019
Completion Date
27-Nov-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1130:2020
01-januar-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1130-1:1996
SIST EN 1130-2:1996
Pohištvo za otroke - Zibelke - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode
Children's furniture - Cribs - Safety requirements and test methods
Möbel für Kleinkinder - Krippen - Sicherheitstechnischte Anforderungen und
Prüfverfahren
Mobilier de puériculture - Berceaux - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1130:2019
ICS:
97.140 Pohištvo Furniture
97.190 Otroška oprema Equipment for children
SIST EN 1130:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 1130:2020
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SIST EN 1130:2020
EN 1130
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
November 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.140; 97.190 Supersedes EN 1130-1:1996, EN 1130-2:1996
English Version
Children's furniture - Cribs - Safety requirements and test
methods

Mobilier de puériculture - Berceaux - Exigences de Kindermöbel - Krippen - Sicherheitstechnische

sécurité et méthodes d'essai Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 April 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1130:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 1130:2020
EN 1130:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 General test conditions ................................................................................................................................. 7

4.1 Preliminary preparation .............................................................................................................................. 7

4.2 Application of Forces ..................................................................................................................................... 7

4.3 Tolerances ......................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.4 Definition of the protected volume........................................................................................................... 8

5 Test equipment ................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.2 Test mass ............................................................................................................................................................ 8

5.3 Entrapment test probes ................................................................................................................................ 8

5.3.1 Finger probes with hemispherical end ................................................................................................... 8

5.3.2 Finger probe for mesh ................................................................................................................................... 9

5.3.3 Other probes ..................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.3.4 Small head probe ............................................................................................................................................. 9

5.3.5 Large head probe ......................................................................................................................................... 10

5.3.6 Shape assessment probe ........................................................................................................................... 10

5.4 Side impactor ................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.5 Stops .................................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.6 Small parts cylinder .................................................................................................................................... 12

5.7 Test platform ................................................................................................................................................. 13

5.7.1 Mattress support .......................................................................................................................................... 13

5.7.2 Test mattress ................................................................................................................................................. 13

5.8 Test bar ............................................................................................................................................................ 13

5.9 Test plate ......................................................................................................................................................... 13

5.10 Template for V-shaped openings ............................................................................................................ 14

5.11 Feeler gauge ................................................................................................................................................... 15

5.12 Aluminium oxide abrasive paper ........................................................................................................... 15

6 Chemical hazards (see A.2) ....................................................................................................................... 15

6.1 Migration of certain elements ................................................................................................................. 15

6.2 Formaldehyde ............................................................................................................................................... 16

7 Flammability hazards (see A.3) .............................................................................................................. 16

8 Mechanical hazards ..................................................................................................................................... 16

8.1 Crib base inclination ................................................................................................................................... 16

8.2 Entrapment hazards from gaps and openings (see A.4) ................................................................ 16

8.2.1 Finger entrapment hazards ...................................................................................................................... 16

8.2.2 Other entrapment hazards ....................................................................................................................... 17

8.2.3 Entrapment hazards outside the crib ................................................................................................... 17

8.2.4 Test method for holes, gaps and openings .......................................................................................... 17

8.3 Hazards from moving parts ...................................................................................................................... 20

8.3.1 Shearing and crushing hazards ............................................................................................................... 20

8.3.2 Hazards due to body weight ..................................................................................................................... 21

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EN 1130:2019 (E)

8.3.3 Hazards due to unintentional folding of the crib .............................................................................. 21

8.4 Hazards due to the movements of the product (see A.5) ............................................................... 21

8.4.1 Hazards due to the movement of cradles and suspended cribs .................................................. 21

8.4.2 Castors and wheels ....................................................................................................................................... 22

8.4.3 Locking system for foldable or adjustable legs and feet ................................................................ 23

8.5 Falling hazards .............................................................................................................................................. 23

8.5.1 Height of sides and ends ............................................................................................................................. 23

8.5.2 Hazards due to inadvertent release of adjustable sides ................................................................. 23

8.5.3 Locking system for adjustment in height or angle of the base ..................................................... 24

8.5.4 Stability (see A.6) .......................................................................................................................................... 24

8.5.5 Structural integrity of suspended cribs ................................................................................................ 25

8.6 Entanglement hazards (see A.7) .............................................................................................................. 26

8.6.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 26

8.6.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 26

8.7 Choking and ingestion hazards (see A.8) ............................................................................................. 27

8.7.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 27

8.7.2 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 27

8.8 Suffocation hazards...................................................................................................................................... 28

8.8.1 Hazards due to the deflection of the base ............................................................................................ 28

8.8.2 External suffocation hazards (see A.9) ................................................................................................. 29

8.8.3 Plastic packaging .......................................................................................................................................... 29

8.9 Hazards from sharp points and edges ................................................................................................... 29

8.9.1 General requirement ................................................................................................................................... 29

8.9.2 Requirement on attachment devices for suspended cribs (see A 9) .......................................... 29

8.10 Hazards due to bedside sleeping (see A.11) ....................................................................................... 29

8.10.1 Hazards due to the drop side (see A.12) .............................................................................................. 29

8.10.2 Hazards from bedside sleepers disengagement (see A.13) .......................................................... 29

8.10.3 Bedside sleeper attachment system ...................................................................................................... 30

8.11 Structural integrity ...................................................................................................................................... 31

8.11.1 Connecting screws ........................................................................................................................................ 31

8.11.2 Static strength ................................................................................................................................................ 31

8.11.3 Strength of sides, structural members of the sides, ends and corners ..................................... 32

8.11.4 Vertical static load ........................................................................................................................................ 33

9 Mattresses ....................................................................................................................................................... 34

10 Product information (see A.14) ............................................................................................................... 34

10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 34

10.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 34

10.3 Purchase information ................................................................................................................................. 35

10.4 Instructions for use ...................................................................................................................................... 36

10.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 36

10.4.2 Warnings .......................................................................................................................................................... 36

10.4.3 Information for all cribs ............................................................................................................................. 36

10.4.4 Information for suspended cribs ............................................................................................................ 37

10.4.5 Information for bedside sleepers ........................................................................................................... 38

Annex A (informative) Rationale ......................................................................................................................... 39

A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 39

A.2 Rationale for Chemical Requirements (Clause 6) ............................................................................. 39

A.3 Rationale for requirements on ignitability and flash effect (Clause 7) ..................................... 39

A.4 Requirements for entrapment hazards (8.2) ..................................................................................... 40

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EN 1130:2019 (E)
A.5 Requirements for hazards due to the movement of cradles and suspended cribs

(8.4.1) ............................................................................................................................................................... 40

A.6 Requirements for stability (8.5.4) ......................................................................................................... 40

A.7 Requirements for entanglement hazards (8.6) ................................................................................. 40

A.8 Requirements for choking hazards and ingestion hazards (8.7) ............................................... 41

A.9 Requirements for external suffocation hazards (8.8.2) ................................................................. 41

A.10 Requirements on attachment devices of suspended cribs (8.9.2) ............................................. 41

A.11 Requirements for bed side sleepers (8.10) ........................................................................................ 41

A.12 Requirements for drop sides (8.10.1) .................................................................................................. 42

A.13 Requirements for hazards due to bedside sleepers disengagement (8.10.3) ........................ 42

A.14 Product information (Clause 9) .............................................................................................................. 42

Annex B (informative) A–deviations .................................................................................................................. 43

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 45

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SIST EN 1130:2020
EN 1130:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1130:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 207 “Furniture”, the

secretariat of which is held by UNI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2020, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by May 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document defines safety requirements and test methods for baby cribs and it was developed in

support of the implementation of the General Product Safety Directive (Directive 2001/95/EC).

This document supersedes EN 1130-1:1996 and EN 1130-2:1996.

Compared to EN 1130-1:1996 and EN 1130-2:1996, the following modifications have been made:

— Combination of both parts of EN 1130:1996 in one document;

— Modification of the structure of the document to have a hazards-based approach;

— Introduction and update of the test methods from EN 1130-2:1996;

— Introduction of requirements and test methods for suspended cribs and bedside sleepers;

— Introduction of requirements concerning chemical and thermal hazards;
— Introduction of a A-deviation concerning flammability hazards;
— Introduction of a Rationale in Annex A.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
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SIST EN 1130:2020
EN 1130:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies safety requirements and test methods for cribs (including cradles, suspended

cribs and bedside sleepers) for domestic and non-domestic use.

The requirements apply to cribs with a maximum internal length of crib base of 900 mm which are

intended to provide sleeping accommodation for infants, until they are able to sit unaided or pull or push

themselves up on their hands and knees.
This document does not apply to electrical safety.
It does not apply to cribs used for medical purposes or used in hospitals.

Products that can be converted into other items may be covered by other relevant European Standards.

Annex A (informative) includes a rationale.
Annex B (informative) includes an A-deviation.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, Safety of toys — Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties

EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, Safety of toys — Part 2: Flammability
EN 71-3, Safety of toys — Part 3: Migration of certain elements

EN 16890, Children's furniture — Mattresses for cots and cribs — Safety requirements and test methods

EN ISO 14184-1, Textiles — Determination of formaldehyde — Part 1: Free and hydrolysed formaldehyde

(water extraction method) (ISO 14184-1)

ISO 48-5, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic — Determination of hardness — Part 5: Indentation

hardness by IRHD pocket meter method
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
crib

piece of furniture intended to provide sleeping accommodation for infants, until they are able to sit

unaided or pull or push themselves up on their hands and knees
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SIST EN 1130:2020
EN 1130:2019 (E)
3.2
cradle

moving crib (e.g. rocking, swinging or bouncing) but not suspended with cords, straps or the like

Note 1 to entry: Examples of rocking and swinging cribs can be found in Figure 16 b) and c).

3.3
suspended crib
crib suspended with cords, straps or the like from one or more anchorage points
3.4
bedside sleeper

crib with one drop side with that side intended to be adjacent to the adult’s bed

3.5
mattress base
crib base and mattress combined in one component.
3.6
shearing hazard

hazard due to the movement of components relatively one to another resulting in a scissoring action

3.7
crushing hazard

hazard due to the movement of components relatively one to another resulting in a compression action

4 General test conditions
4.1 Preliminary preparation

The tests are designed to be applied to a crib that is fully assembled and ready for use.

The test unit shall be stored in indoor ambient conditions for at least 24 h prior to testing.

Before testing, any fabrics intended to be removable shall be cleaned or washed twice in accordance with

the manufacturer's instructions. If no instructions are supplied, the manner of washing/cleaning shall be

stated in the test report.

The tests shall be carried out under indoor ambient conditions, but if during a test the atmospheric

temperature is outside the range 15 °C to 25 °C, the maximum and/or minimum temperature shall be

recorded in the test report.

The crib shall be tested as delivered. If the crib is a knock down type, it shall be assembled according to

the manufacturer's instructions supplied with the crib. If the crib can be assembled, combined or adjusted

in different ways, the most adverse combination shall be used for each test.

Knock-down fittings shall be tightened before testing. Re-tightening during remaining tests shall not take

place unless this is specifically required by the manufacturer.
4.2 Application of Forces

The test forces in durability and static load tests shall be applied sufficiently slowly to ensure that

negligible dynamic load is applied and kinetic heating does not occur.

Unless otherwise stated, static forces, including tension, torque test, shall be maintained for (10 ± 2) s.

Unless otherwise stated, durability forces shall be maintained for (2 ± 1) s.

The forces may be replaced by masses. The relationship 10 N = 1 kg shall be used.

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EN 1130:2019 (E)
4.3 Tolerances
Unless otherwise stated, the following tolerances apply:
— Forces: ± 5 % of the nominal force;
— Angles: ± 2° of the nominal angle;
— Masses: ± 1 % of the nominal mass;
— Dimensions: ± 1,0 mm of the nominal dimension;
— Positioning of loading pads: ± 5 mm;

NOTE For the purposes of uncertainty measurement, test results are not considered to be adversely affected

when the above tolerances are met.
4.4 Definition of the protected volume

When the crib is assembled according to the manufacturer's instructions the protected volume is defined

as follows:

— when a child’s hand can neither reach through sides nor ends, inside of the crib and the exterior of the

crib 50 mm measured in any direction from the upper part of the rim ;

— when a child’s hand can reach through sides or ends, whole crib, except for the underside of the crib

base
5 Test equipment
5.1 General

Unless otherwise specified, test forces may be applied by any suitable device, because results are

dependent only upon correctly applied forces and loads, and not upon apparatus.
5.2 Test mass

The test mass is a rigid cylinder (120 ± 5) mm in diameter and (180 ± 5) mm in height, having a mass of

+0,01

9 kg and with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall be rounded with radius

of (5 ± 1) mm.
5.3 Entrapment test probes
5.3.1 Finger probes with hemispherical end

Probes with hemispherical end made of plastic or other hard, smooth material, mounted on a force-

measuring device. See Figure 1.
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SIST EN 1130:2020
EN 1130:2019 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 hemispherical end
2 scribed line circumference
0 +0,1 +0,1
Ø 7 mm, 12 mm or 18 mm
−0,1 0 0
Figure 1 — Finger probes with hemispherical end
5.3.2 Finger probe for mesh

A probe with the end as specified in Figure 2 made of plastic or other hard, smooth material mounted on

a force-measuring device with a diameter of mm. The radius is (2,8 ± 0,2) mm.
−0,1
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 2 —Finger probe for mesh
5.3.3 Other probes

Probes with the ends at an angle of 30° ± 0,5° made of plastic or other hard, smooth material mounted on

+0,1 +0,1 +0,1

a force-measuring device, one each with a diameter 25 mm, 45 mm, and 65 mm with rounded

−0 −0 −0
or conical ends, see Figure 3.
Figure 3 — Other probes
5.3.4 Small head probe

A probe made from plastic or other hard, smooth material with the dimensions given in Figure 4. The

radius shall be 53 mm.
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SIST EN 1130:2020
EN 1130:2019 (E)
Key
a 106 mm
b 145 mm
c 126 mm
Figure 4 — Small head probe
5.3.5 Large head probe

A probe made of plastic or other hard, smooth material with the dimensions given in Figure 5.

Key
a 223 mm
b 100 mm
Figure 5 — Large head probe
5.3.6 Shape assessment probe

Probe made from plastics or other hard smooth materials with the dimensions shown in Figure 6.

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SIST EN 1130:2020
EN 1130:2019 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
A side view
B top view
C face view
D isometric view
Figure 6 — Shape assessment probe
5.4 Side impactor

A pendulum with a cylindrical head made of steel (Figure 7). The head of the pendulum shall be

surrounded by a 10 mm thick layer of rubber of hardness 76 IRHD to 78 IRHD in accordance with

ISO 48-5. The total mass shall be 2 kg.
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SIST EN 1130:2020
EN 1130:2019 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 pivot point
2 centre of gravity
3 rubber 76 to 78 IRHD
Figure 7 — Side impactor
5.5 Stops
Devices of 12 mm maximum height to prevent the article from sl
...

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