Textile child care articles - Safety requirements and test methods for children's cot bumpers

This European Standard specifies requirements for the safety of children's cot bumpers used in the children's sleeping environment (i.e. not under supervision) when sleeping in a cot or similar product (e.g. crib/cradle) in which a child is contained.
NOTE   The informative Annex C lists topics of further investigation which might lead to necessary improvement of the safety requirements of cot bumpers.
If a part of the children's cot bumpers is designed to offer additional function (e.g. play function), this part will, in addition to the following requirements, be subjected to safety requirements related to relevant standards (see A.1).

Textile Artikel für Kleinkinder und Säuglinge - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Kinderbettnestchen

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen an die Sicherheit von Kinderbettnestchen fest, die im Schlafumfeld des Kindes (d. h. nicht beaufsichtigt) verwendet werden, wenn das Kind in einem Kinderbett schläft oder sich in einem ähnlichen Produkt (z. B. Krippe/Wiege) befindet.
ANMERKUNG   Im informativen Anhang C sind Themen zur weiteren Untersuchung aufgeführt, die zu einer notwendigen Verbesserung der sicherheitstechnischen Anforderungen von Bettnestchen führen können.
Wenn ein Teil des Bettnestchens so gestaltet ist, dass er eine zusätzliche Funktion bietet (z.B. Spielfunktion), unterliegt dieser Teil zusätzlich zu den folgenden Anforderungen auch den sicherheitstechnischen Anforderungen der zutreffenden Normen (siehe A.1).

Articles textiles de puériculture - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai pour les tours de lit à nacelle

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences de sécurité concernant les tours de lit d’enfant utilisés dans l’environnement de sommeil des enfants (c’est-à-dire hors surveillance) quand ils dorment dans un lit d’enfant ou un produit similaire (berceau par exemple) dans lequel l’enfant est installé.
NOTE   L’Annexe C, informative, présente des pistes de recherches complémentaires susceptibles de faire évoluer les exigences de sécurité des tours de lit d’enfant.
Si une partie d’un tour de lit d’enfant est conçue pour permettre une fonction supplémentaire (fonction de jouer par exemple), cette partie, en plus des exigences suivantes, sera soumise aux exigences de sécurité des normes correspondantes (voir A.1).

Tekstilni izdelki za otroke - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za ščitnike za otroško posteljico

Ta evropski standard določa varnostne zahteve za ščitnike za otroške posteljice, ki se uporabljajo v otrokovem spalnem okolju (tj. brez nadzora) pri spanju v otroški posteljici ali podobnem izdelku (npr. zibelki), v katerem se nahaja otrok.
OPOMBA Informativni dodatek C navaja seznam tem za nadaljnje raziskave, ki lahko vodijo do nujnih izboljšav varnostnih zahtev za ščitnike za otroške posteljice.
Če je del ščitnika za otroške posteljice zasnovan tako, da ponuja dodatno funkcijo (npr. predvajanje), za ta del poleg navedenih zahtev veljajo tudi varnostne zahteve ustreznih standardov (glejte A.1).

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Published
Publication Date
31-Jul-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
01-Aug-2018
Completion Date
01-Aug-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Textile Artikel für Kleinkinder und Säuglinge - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für KinderbettnestchenArticles textiles de puériculture - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essais pour les tours de lit d'enfantsTextile child care articles - Safety requirements and test methods for children's cot bumpers97.190Otroška opremaEquipment for children97.160Tekstilije za dom. PeriloHome textiles. LinenICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16780:2018SIST EN 16780:2018en,fr,de01-oktober-2018SIST EN 16780:2018SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 16780:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16780
August
t r s z ICS
{ yä s v râ
{ yä s { r English Version

Textile child care articles æ Safety requirements and test methods for children 5s cot bumpers Articles textiles de puériculture æ Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d 5essai pour les tours de lit à nacelle

Textile Artikel für Kleinkinder und Säuglinge æ Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Kinderbettnestchen This European Standard was approved by CEN on

z February
t r s zä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x y z rã t r s z ESIST EN 16780:2018

EN 16780:2018(E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7 4 Requirements and test methods ................................................................................................................ 9 4.1 Design characteristics (see A.2) ................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9 4.1.2 Fabrics and filling materials ....................................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3 Functional cords .............................................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.4 Slide fasteners .................................................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.5 Touch and close fasteners ......................................................................................................................... 10 4.1.6 Threads (including cot bumpers seams) ............................................................................................. 10 4.1.7 Labels ................................................................................................................................................................ 11 4.1.8 Embellishments ............................................................................................................................................ 11 4.1.9 Suction cups ................................................................................................................................................... 11 4.1.10 Magnetic components ................................................................................................................................. 11 4.2 Mechanical and physical hazards ........................................................................................................... 11 4.2.1 Entrapment of fingers and toes, ischemia ........................................................................................... 11 4.2.2 Strangulation ................................................................................................................................................. 12 4.2.3 Small part aspiration or ingestion, internal asphyxiation (choking) ....................................... 12 4.2.4 Cutting, puncture, abrasion ...................................................................................................................... 14 4.3 Chemical hazards (see A.4) ....................................................................................................................... 14 4.3.1 Migration of certain substances .............................................................................................................. 14 4.3.2 Formaldehyde ............................................................................................................................................... 15 4.3.3 Flame retardants .......................................................................................................................................... 15 4.4 Fire hazards (see A.5) ................................................................................................................................. 15 4.5 Hygiene hazards (see A.6) ......................................................................................................................... 15 4.5.1 Requirements and methods ..................................................................................................................... 15 5 User information .......................................................................................................................................... 16 5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 5.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 16 5.3 Purchase information ................................................................................................................................. 16 5.4 Instructions for use ..................................................................................................................................... 17 5.5 Plastic packaging .......................................................................................................................................... 17 Annex A (informative)

Rationale ......................................................................................................................... 18 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18 A.2 Design hazards .............................................................................................................................................. 18 A.3 Mechanical and physical hazards ........................................................................................................... 20 A.3.1 Hazards of entrapment of fingers and toes, ischemia ..................................................................... 20 A.3.2 Hazards of strangulation ........................................................................................................................... 20 A.3.3 Hazards of internal asphyxiation (choking) by aspiration or ingestion of small parts ...... 20 SIST EN 16780:2018

EN 16780:2018 (E) 3 A.3.4 Hazards of external asphyxiation (suffocation) ................................................................................ 21 A.3.5 Hazards of cutting, puncture, abrasion ................................................................................................ 21 A.4 Chemical hazards .......................................................................................................................................... 22 A.4.1 Hazards related to harmful substances ................................................................................................ 22 A.4.2 Harms related to migration of certain substances ........................................................................... 22 A.4.3 Harms related to formaldehyde .............................................................................................................. 22 A.5 Fire hazards .................................................................................................................................................... 23 A.6 Hygiene hazards ............................................................................................................................................ 23 A.6.1 Washable (see 4.5.1.1) ................................................................................................................................ 23 A.6.2 Clean and free from infestation and foreign materials (see 4.5.1.2) ......................................... 23 A.6.3 Feather filled products (see 4.5.1.3) ...................................................................................................... 23 A.6.4 Used recycled fibres (see 4.5.1.4) ........................................................................................................... 24 Annex B (informative)

Specific marking, purchase information and user instruction .................... 25 Annex C (informative)

Topics for further investigations ............................................................................ 26 C.1 Cot bumpers profile ..................................................................................................................................... 26 C.2 Use of feathers and down ........................................................................................................................... 26 C.3 US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) ............................................................................ 26 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 27

SIST EN 16780:2018

EN 16780:2018(E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 16780:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 248 “Textiles and textile products”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2019. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. Following the publication and implementation of this document in CEN member countries, it has been agreed by CEN TC 248 that there should be an 18 month transition period from the date of availability to allow manufacturers to develop and produce garments that conform to the standard. This period is also to allow the supply chain, from manufacturer through to the consumer, to be cleared of non-conforming children's cot bumpers. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 16780:2018

EN 16780:2018 (E) 5 Introduction The European Commission Mandate N° M/497, followed by Product and Service safety in the Directorate-General Health and Consumers, under the title “Standardisation mandate to CEN, CENELEC and ETSI on the safety of child-care articles; Cluster 2- risks in the sleeping environment; Mattresses for cots, cot bumpers, suspended beds for children, duvets for children, sleep bags for children”, issued on 2011-10-20 and accepted by CEN BT on 2011-12-20, requested that CEN develop standards or specifications including safety requirements and test methods, warnings and instructions to adult users in order to address the possible hazard posed by these products. The aim of this European Standard is to minimize the main risks posed by products in the sleep environment of babies and young children, such as: — internal asphyxiation (choking); — entrapment; — strangulation; — external asphyxiation (suffocation); — flammability; — injuries due to falls; — injuries due to ingestion of small parts; — injuries due to chemicals. For the development of this document, attention was paid to: — the child’s stages of development (age, height, weight, ability, etc.). Cot bumpers were studied in relation to children up to 3 years of age; — the intended or foreseeable use of the product, bearing in mind a child’s behaviour. Such behaviour exposes children to injury in ways that differ from those of adults, making children a particularly vulnerable group in society; — the hazard presented by the product in the circumstances under which the product and the child come into contact with each other. IMPORTANT — In order to comply with the essential safety requirements, this document is hazard based. As this document only deals with a particular textile child-care article, i.e. cot bumpers, design characteristics have been specified only when necessary in order to introduce inherently safe design. These characteristics have been specified in a manner which allows compliance to be checked by interested parties, from designers to market surveillance authority officers. SIST EN 16780:2018

EN 16780:2018(E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies requirements for the safety of children's cot bumpers used in the children's sleeping environment (i.e. not under supervision) when sleeping in a cot or similar product (e.g. crib/cradle) in which a child is contained. NOTE The informative Annex C lists topics of further investigation which might lead to necessary improvement of the safety requirements of cot bumpers. If a part of the children's cot bumpers is designed to offer additional function (e.g. play function), this part will, in addition to the following requirements, be subjected to safety requirements related to relevant standards (see A.1). 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 71-1:2014, Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties EN 71-3:2013+A2:2017, Safety of toys - Part 3: Migration of certain elements EN 1103, Textiles - Fabrics for apparel - Detailed procedure to determine the burning behaviour EN 1162, Feather and down - Test methods - Determination of the oxygen index number EN 1164, Feather and down - Test methods - Determination of the turbidity of an aqueous extract EN 12935, Feather and down - Hygiene and cleanliness requirements EN 16732, Slide fasteners (zips) - Specification EN ISO 105-E01, Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part E01: Colour fastness to water (ISO 105-E01) EN ISO 6330, Textiles - Domestic washing and drying procedures for textile testing (ISO 6330) EN ISO 14184-1, Textiles - Determination of formaldehyde - Part 1: Free and hydrolysed formaldehyde (water extraction method) (ISO 14184-1) EN ISO 17226-1, Leather - Chemical determination of formaldehyde content - Part 1: Method using high performance liquid chromatography (ISO 17226-1) ISO 105-F10, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part F10: Specification for adjacent fabric: Multifibre ISO 4915, Textiles — Stitch types — Classification and terminology SIST EN 16780:2018

EN 16780:2018 (E) 7 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/

ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp 3.1 cot bumper product intended to be attached to the inner vertical surface of one or more cot sides 3.2 cot bed for a child consisting of a base and enclosed by high sides to prevent the child from falling out 3.3 harm injury or damage to the health of people [SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 51:2014, 3.1, modified — “or damage to property or the environment” has been deleted.] 3.4 hazard potential source of harm (3.3) [SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 51:2014, 3.2] 3.5 risk combination of the probability of occurrence of harm (3.3) and the severity of that harm [SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 51:2014, 3.9, modified — Note 1 to entry has been deleted.] 3.6 inherently safe design measures taken to eliminate hazards (3.4) and/or to reduce risks (3.5) by changing the design or operating characteristics of the product or system [SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 51:2014, 3.5] 3.7 cord cord, chain, ribbon, string or tape of any textile or non-textile material, including elastic material SIST EN 16780:2018

EN 16780:2018(E) 8 3.8 asphyxiation insufficient supply of air to the airways Note 1 to entry: Insufficient supply of air could be caused e.g. by closing off the flow of air as a result of choking or suffocation or by entrapment in an unventilated, confined space. [SOURCE: EN 71-1:2014, 3.3] 3.9 choking closing off the flow of air as a result of internal asphyxiation Note 1 to entry: Choking can, for example, be caused by inhalation of an object, by an object becoming wedged in the mouth or pharynx, or by an object becoming lodged over the entrance to the lower airways. [SOURCE: EN 71-1:2014, 3.9] 3.10 suffocation closing off the flow of air as a result of airway obstruction external to the mouth and nose [SOURCE: EN 71-1:2014, 3.59] 3.11 monofilament thread single thread of man-made fibre 3.12 burr roughness, caused by not cleanly severing or finishing the material [SOURCE: EN 71-1:2014, 3.6] 3.13 surface flash rapid spread of flame over the surface of a material without ignition of its basic structure [SOURCE: ISO 4880:1997 and its note to entry: Note 1 to entry: “However, if the latter occurs simultaneously or sequentially with surface flash, it is not considered as a part of surface flash.”] 3.14 three dimensional embellishment decorative item attached to a cord that is thicker and/or wider than the cord itself [SOURCE: EN 14682:2014, 2.21] 3.15 functional cord cord, chain, ribbon, string or tape, made of any textile or non-textile material including elastic material, which is used to attach the cot bumper to the cot Note 1 to entry: If a play function is offered, this definition may be extended to cords as described in EN 71-1. SIST EN 16780:2018

EN 16780:2018 (E) 9 4 Requirements and test methods NOTE Rationales for the inclusion of some of the requirements given in this document are given in Annex A.

Table A.1 summarizes the relation between the design characteristics (4.1) and the hazards (4.2 to 4.5). 4.1 Design characteristics (see A.2) 4.1.1 General 4.1.1.1 Cot bumpers shall be designed or manufactured such that no parts can be used as footholds enabling children to climb on the product and out of the cot. 4.1.1.2 Cot bumpers shall be designed or manufactured such that no horizontal gaps between parts can enable children to entrap their head; 4.1.1.3 The way to attach the cot bumper shall be designed such that the cot bumper cannot collapse or be drawn inside the cot. 4.1.1.4 Cot bumpers shall not have any pockets (see A.2.2). 4.1.2 Fabrics and filling materials 4.1.2.1 Cot bumpers shall not be manufactured with plastic transfer (e.g. plastic print) or coated fabrics or foam (see A.3.4). 4.1.2.2 “Fabrics and filling materials shall not contain any hard, sharp or foreign objects (i.e. any items which are not intended to be present such as needle, staple, nail, unattached press fastener, wood splinter, or insect or other infestation)” NOTE The test method is referred to in 4.2.4.2. 4.1.3 Functional cords 4.1.3.1 Functional cords shall have no knots or three dimensional embellishments and shall be secured to prevent fraying, for example by heat sealing or bar tacking. The ends may be doubled or folded provided no hazard of entrapment is created. 4.1.3.2 Functional cords intended to be tied together shall be attached to the bumper at the same point. 4.1.3.3 Non-functional cords with free end shall have no more than 75 mm in length (see A.3.2). 4.1.4 Slide fasteners 4.1.4.1 When slide fasteners are used and fastened, they shall be positioned external to the cot. 4.1.4.2 Slide fasteners shall comply with EN 16732, at least the performance requirements of code C and with the requirements of Table 2, as stated in EN 16732:2015. 4.1.4.3 Slide fasteners shall include a top stop (see A.3.3.1) and either a bottom stop or secured in a manner so that the slider cannot be removed from the chain. Claw type stops are not permitted. The presence of the top stop, the bottom stop shall be confirmed by visual inspection. 4.1.4.4 Slide fasteners shall not have a removable slider. The absence of a removable slider shall be confirmed by manual inspection. SIST EN 16780:2018

EN 16780:2018(E) 10 4.1.4.5 The top stops and the elements (teeth) shall be free from burrs and sharp edges (see A.3.5.1). NOTE The test method is referred to in 4.2.4.2. 4.1.5 Touch and close fasteners 4.1.5.1 When touch and close fasteners are used and fastened, they shall be positioned external to the cot (see A.3.5.1). 4.1.5.2 Pieces of touch and close fasteners shall be die cut with rounded corners to reduce the risk of scratching (see A.3.5.1). 4.1.5.3 Adhesive touch and close fasteners (i.e. adhesive part glued to the cot) shall not to be used to attach the cot bumper to the cot (see A.3.4). 4.1.6 Threads (including cot bumpers seams) 4.1.6.1 Single thread chain stitches, as described in ISO 4915, are not permitted (see A.3.1.2). 4.1.6.2 Seams shall have a seam allowance (distance between the fabric edge and sewing line) of no less than 5 mm (see A.3.3.1). 4.1.6.3 Seams shall be sewn so as to meet one of the following conditions (see A.3.1.2, A.3.3.1): a) a minimum of 10 stitches per 3 cm; b) if fewer than 10 stitches per 3 cm is used then the seam shall be tested as follows: Use clamps with jaws to which discs with a diameter of 19 mm are affixed. Attach the clamps not less than 30 mm apart and equidistant to the seam. Gradually apply a force of (70 ± 2) N between the two clamps over a period of approximately 5 s. Maintain the force for 10 s. Apply the test to this seam only once. Determine whether the front part of the 12 mm probe (see Figure 1) can be inserted through any one opening in the seam, using a maximum force of 10 N. NOTE Decorative stitches and quilting stitches are excluded from this requirement.

Figure 1 — Test Probe for seams 4.1.6.4 For exposed faces of the article, the maximum length of uncut float threads or uncut stitches shall be 10mm, and the maximum length for cut threads or cut stitches shall be 20 mm (see A.3.1.2). 4.1.6.5 Monofilament threads shall not be used (see A.3.1.2). 4.1.6.6 Buttons shall not be attached by chain stitch. SIST EN 16780:2018

EN 16780:2018 (E) 11 4.1.7 Labels 4.1.7.1 Labels in the form of a loop (loop label) or in a way they may create a loop when the cot bumper is used shall not be attached to the cot bumper (see A.3.1.1, A.3.1.2). 4.1.7.2 Heat sealed or laser cut materials shall not have sharp edges (see A.3.5.1). NOTE The test method is referred to in 4.2.4.2. 4.1.7.3 The ends of labels or the edge of raw edge fabric shall be secured to prevent unravelling

(see A.3.1.2). The security of the ends of the labels can be confirmed by carrying out a tactile inspection. 4.1.7.4 Labels with free end shall have no more than 75 mm in length (see A.3.2). 4.1.8 Embellishments There shall be no three dimensional embellishments, such as pom-poms, tassels, beads, sequins, rhinestone, diamantés or glitter prints (e.g. plastic glue glitter and spread over glitter) on children's cot bumpers (see A.3.3.1). 4.1.9 Suction cups Suction cups shall not to be used to attach the cot bumper to the cot (see A.3.4). 4.1.10 Magnetic components Children's cot bumper shall not be designed, manufactured or supplied with magnetic components (see A.3.3.4). 4.2 Mechanical and physical hazards 4.2.1 Entrapment of fingers and toes, ischemia 4.2.1.1 Requirements When tested in accordance with 4.2.1.2: — there shall be no openings in any textile materials including loop, mesh, knitted fabric and lace that allow the conical probe for mesh to penetrate to the 7 mm diameter section (see A.3.1.1); — there shall be no completely bounded openings in rigid materials between 5 mm and 12 mm, unless the depth is less than 10 mm (see A.3.1.1). 4.2.1.2 Test method The test probes are made from plastic or other smooth, hard material, which can be mounted on a force measuring device. Check whether the conical probe for mesh (Figure 2) with an applied force up to 30 N enters into a mesh hole to the 7 mm section. SIST EN 16780:2018

EN 16780:2018(E) 12 Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 2 — Conical probe for mesh Check whether the 5 mm test probe (Figure 3) with an applied force of up to 30 N, enters 10 mm or more into any completely bounded circular openings in rigid materials, in any possible orientation. Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 3 — Test Probes for openings in rigid materials If the 5 mm test probe enters 10 mm or more, then the 12 mm test probe (Figure 1) shall also enter 10 mm or more with an applied force of up to 5 N. 4.2.2 Strangulation 4.2.2.1 Requirements When tested in accordance with 4.2.2.2 (length and distance), children's cot bumpers shall be designed, manufactured or supplied with cords, ribbons and parts used as ties to be attached to the cot that shall have free end no longer than 220 mm (see A.3.2). When tested in accordance with 4.2.2.2, children's cot bumpers shall be designed, manufactured or supplied with cords, ribbons (to be attached to the cot) that shall have a minimum of 70N pull strength (see A.3.3.3). 4.2.2.2 Test method Measure the length of a cord, ribbon or part used as a tie from the fixing point on the cot bumper to its free end, while applying (25 ± 1) N tensile force to it. Measure the pull strength of cords, ribbons according to EN 71-1. 4.2.3 Small part aspiration or ingestion, internal asphyxiation (choking) 4.2.3.1 Requirements Cot bumpers shall not contain attached components

which can be detached under a force less than 70 N when tested according to 4.2.3.2.2 (removal force procedure) - see A.3.3.3. or, SIST EN 16780:2018

EN 16780:2018 (E) 13

which can be detached after 5 cycles of washing and tumble drying when tested according to 4.2.3.2.2 (washing/drying procedure). The components shall remain completely attached onto the fabric surface. Then, the component attachment can be confirmed by carrying out visual and tactile inspection. Table 1 listed the components to be tested, in one hand, according to removal force procedure and in the other hand, according to the washing/drying procedure. Table 1 — Components to be tested Components to be tested according to the removal force procedure (4.2.3.2.1) Components to be tested according to the washing/drying procedure (4.2.3.2.2)

mechanically applied metallic press fasteners
sewn-on press fasteners
buttons
other sewn-on components (except sewn-on appliqués and sewn-on motifs)
rivets
non-textile labels
embellishments on slide fastener puller
plastic press fasteners (except sewn-on press fasteners)
heat-fused components
embroidery
placement prints
eyelets
all appliqués
all motifs (including sewn-on)

textile labels If a component of the cot bumper is not listed in Table 1, then identify i

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